List of First In India: Science, Defence, Sports - Embibe
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  • Written By Abhishek_verma
  • Last Modified 07-06-2022
  • Written By Abhishek_verma
  • Last Modified 07-06-2022

First in India

First In India: While preparing for several school level and competitive exams, it is useful to have a reference list of static general knowledge for such as who was the first of people in India to set a benchmark in their own field, or the first time an event occurred in India. Moreover, remembering pioneering events and personalities in various fields who helped our country make a mark in the world will serve as a source of inspiration throughout our lives. Here we have provided separate lists for the first people in India in the fields of governance, science & technology, defence, sports and literature and the first major events and establishments in India. Going through this list will help school students, aspirants who prepare for the GK section of various Government exams such as UPSC IAS, IFS, Banking, SSC, etc. as well as other curious minds.

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First in Science & Technology in India

The below table gives the list of pioneering achievements in the field of Science & Technology (India):

First genetically modified food product in IndiaSidrapong (Darjeeling)
First to pass the examination of the Indian Medical Service (IMS)Rakesh Sharma
First Indian to be appointed as the deputy director-general of programmes (DDP) of the World Health Organization (WHO)Apsara (Maharashtra)
First satellite earth station for domestic communicationsAryabhatta
First Indian to get Nobel Prize in PhysicsSLV-3
First Man in SpaceSurjo Kumar Chakroborty
First hydroelectric plantBt. Eggplant Hybrid [Banned]
First satelliteSecunderabad
First Nuclear ReactorDr. Soumya Swaminathan
First successfully indigenous launch vehicleC.V Raman
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First in Governance in India

The table given below gives the list of Important People in the field of Legislature and Judiciary in India.

First President of IndiaDr. Rajendra Prasad
First Prime Minister of IndiaJawaharlal Nehru
First President of Indian National CongressWomesh Chandra Bannerjee
First Vice-President of IndiaSarvepalli Radhakrishnan
First Chief Election Commissioner of IndiaSukumar Sen
First Governor-General of IndiaLord William Bentinck
First Viceroy of IndiaLord Canning
First Chief Justice of IndiaH.J Kania
First Home Minister of IndiaSardar Vallabhai Patel
First Speaker of Lok SabhaG. V. Mavlankar
First Chairperson of Lokpal of IndiaPinaki Chandra Ghose

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First in Defence in India

The below-mentioned table gives the list of people who held important positions in the Indian Defense Sector:

First Defence Minister of IndiaBaldev Singh Chokkar
First Commander-in-Chief of Free IndiaKodandera Madappa Cariappa
First Commander-in-Chief, Indian Air ForceSubroto Mukherjee
First Field MarshalSam Manekshaw
First Param Vir Chakra WinnerMajor Somnath Sharma
First female Jawan in the ArmyShanti Tigga
First Indian woman to fly fighter aircraft without co-pilotIAF Officer Avani Chaturvedi
First woman in the Indian Army awarded the coveted ‘Sword of Honour’ prizeDivya Ajith Kumar
First cosmonautSqn Ldr Rakesh Sharma

First in Sports in India

The Table provided below tabulates important achievements in the field of sports, predominantly at the Olympics

First Olympics Team MedalGold in Field Hockey (1928, Summer Olympics)
First Indian woman badminton player to win an Asian Games medalSaina Nehwal
First Indian woman wrestler to win an Asian gold medalNavjot Kaur
First Indian woman to win a medal at Asian GamesSanthi Soundarajan
First Woman to Win an Olympic Silver MedalP. V. Sindhu in Badminton
First person to win the international bronze medal in skiingAanchal Thakur
First female to represent India at the Summer OlympicsNora Polley, 1924 Summer Olympics
First Individual Gold Medal won byAbhinav Bindra, 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing
First Woman to Win a Medal in WrestlingSakshi Malik won Bronze in the 2016 Summer Olympics
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First in Architecture in India

The below table gives information on important landmarks in Indian Architecture

First temple constructed from a single rockKailasa temple at Ellora
First mosque in IndiaCheraman Juma Mosque in Methala
First church in IndiaSt. Thomas Church, Palayoor
First Indian temple with many interconnected structuresBrihadeeswarar Temple, Tamil Nadu
First dam in IndiaKallanai Dam

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First In India – List of Pioneers

The list of First in India achievers is provided in the table below.

First Indian to reach AntarcticaLt. Ram Charan
First Judge in International Court of JusticeDr. Nagender Singh
First Muslim President of the Indian National CongressBadruddin Tayyabji
First Post Office Opened in IndiaKolkata(1727)
First Wax statue of a Living IndianMahatma Gandhi at Madame Tussaud’s in 1939
The first Field Marshal of IndiaS.H.F. Manekshaw
India’s first man in SpaceRakesh Sharma
The first Speaker of the Lok SabhaGanesh Vasudeva Mavalankar
The first and last Muslim woman ruler of IndiaRazia Sultan
The first and the last Indian to be Governor-General of free IndiaC. Rajgopalachari
First British to Visit IndiaThomas Roe
First Chinese pilgrim to Visit IndiaFa-Hien/Faxian
The first British Viceroy of IndiaLord Canning
The first Chief Election CommissionerSukumar Sen
The first Chief Justice of Supreme CourtJustice Hirala J. Kania
The first Chief of Army StaffGen. Maharaj Rajendra Singhji
The first Education MinisterAbdul Kalam Azad
The first lady to become Miss WorldRita Faria
The first man who introduced printing press in IndiaJames Hicky
The first Muslim President of IndiaDr. Zakir Hussain
The first Governor-General of free IndiaLord Mountbatten
The first Home Minister of IndiaSardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
The first Indian Air Chief MarshalS. Mukherjee
The first Indian Commander-in-Chief of IndiaGeneral Cariappa
The first Indian Member of the Viceroy’s executive councilS.P.Sinha
The first Indian Naval ChiefVice-Admiral R.D. Katari
The first British Governor-General of BengalLord Warren Hastings(1774-1885)
The first British Governor-General of IndiaLord William Bentinck(1833-1835)
The first Muslim President of Indian National CongressBadruddin Tayyabji
The first Muslim President of Indian RepublicDr. Zakhir Hussain
The first person of Indian origin to receive Nobel Prize in MedicineHargovind Khurana
The first person to get Param Vir ChakraMajor Somnath Sharma
The first Indian PilotJ.R.D. Tata (1929)
The first Indian to cross English ChannelMihir Sen
The first Indian to get Nobel Prize in PhysicsC.V.Raman
The first Indian to join the Indian Civil ServicesSatyendra Nath Tagore
The first Indian to receive Bharat Ratna awardDr. Radhakrishnan
The first Indian to win Nobel PrizeRabindranath Tagore
The first Judge of International Court of JusticeDr. Nagendra Singh
The first President of Indian National CongressW.C. Banerjee
The first President of Indian RepublicDr. Rajendra Prasad
The first Prime Minister of free IndiaPt. Jawahar Lal Nehru
The first Prime Minister of India who did not face the ParliamentCharan Singh
The first Prime Minister of India who resigned without completing the full termMorarji Desai
The first Vice-President of IndiaDr. Radhakrishnan
The first woman Air Vice MarshalP. Bandopadhyaya
The first person to reach Mt. Everest without oxygenSherpa Anga Dorjee
The first Person to receive Jnanpith awardSri Shankar Kurup
The first person to receive Magsaysay AwardAcharya Vinoba Bhave
The first person to receive Nobel Prize in EconomicsAmartya Sen
The first person to receive Stalin PrizeSaifuddin Kitchlu
The first person to resign from the Central CabinetShyama Prasad Mukherjee
The first President of India who died while in officeDr. Zakhir Hussain
The first woman Director General of PoliceKanchan Chaudhary Bhattacharya
The first woman Governor of a state in free IndiaMrs Sarojini Naidu
The first woman GraduatesKadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu, 1883
The first woman Honours GraduateKamini Roy, 1886
The first woman IPS officerMrs. Kiran Bedi
The first woman JudgeAnna Chandy (She became judge in a district court in 1937)
The first woman judge in Supreme CourtMrs. Meera Sahib Fatima Bibi
The first woman Airline PilotDurba Banerjee
The first woman AmbassadorMiss C.B. Muthamma
The first woman Asian Games Gold Medal WinnerKamlijit Sandhu
The first woman Chairman of Union Public Service CommissionRoze Millian Bethew
The first woman chairperson of Indian AirlinesSushma Chawla
The first woman Cheif Justice of High CourtMrs Leela Seth (Himachal Pradesh High Court)
The first woman Chief Minister of an Indian StateMrs Sucheta Kripalani
The first woman President of United Nations General AssemblyMrs Vijaya Laxmi Pandit
The first woman Prime MinisterMrs Indira Gandhi
The first woman Speaker of a State AssemblyShanno Devi
The first woman to climb Mount EverestBachhendri Pal
The first woman to climb Mount Everest twiceSantosh Yadav
The first woman to cross English ChannelAarti Saha
The first woman to receive Ashoka ChakraNirja Bhanot
The first woman Judge in Supreme Court of IndiaKumari Justice M. Fathima Beevi
The first woman LawyerCornelia Sorabjee
The first woman Lieutenant GeneralPuneeta Arora
The first woman Minister in a GovernmentRajkumari Amrit Kaur
The first woman Olympic medal WinnerKarnam Malleswari, 2000
The first woman pilot in Indian Air ForceHarita Kaur Dayal
The first woman President of Indian National CongressMrs Annie Besant
The first woman to receive Bharat RatnaMrs. Indira Gandhi
The first woman to receive Jnanpith AwardAshapurna Devi
The first woman to receive Jnanpith AwardAshpurna Devi
The first woman to receive the Nobel PrizeMother Teresa
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How to Memorize – First In India?

If you are finding it tough to memorize the list then go through the following tips:

  1. Go through the list of First in India on a regular basis.
  2. Do not try to memorize the whole list at once. This may cost you more time.
  3. Glance through the list, every day and mornings are the best time to go through.
  4. Recall the facts and test your memory. Even if you remember most of the facts, remember to glance through them at regular intervals.

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We have now provided you with the list of First Indians. These facts are usually asked in various government exams (Sarkari Naukri). Memorize the list and make sure that you can recall it.

We hope this article on First In India helps you. If you have any questions feel free to post your comment below.

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