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Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu – Overview, Geography, Education, Economy, Language

Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu – Western part of India witnesses a union territory namely Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu. The union territory is composed of four different geographical divisions. Daman and Diu are situated bordering Gujarat and the Arabian Sea. On the other hand, the Dadra and Nagar Haveli share borders with Gujarat and Maharashtra. Both of them (Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli) were two separate neighboring Union Territories which merged in January 2020. Further, Dadra and Nagar Haveli became one of the districts along with Daman and Diu districts.

Considering the geography of the union territory, the area is spread over 603 km2 becoming the 33rd largest division of India. The population as per the census 2011 accounted to a total population of 5,85,764 for Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu. The Union Territory after the merger is divided for the allocation of administrative supervision. With the maximum area, Dadra and Nagar Haveli district is the most populated (3,42,853) among the three.

The economy of Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu revolves around the agriculture sector. Around 60% of the working population of the Union Territory depends upon agriculture as their source of income. Apart from the agricultural sector, Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu have multiple manufacturing industries. These industries widely provide employment in all three districts.

The official languages of the union territories are Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi and English. More than 90% of the population of Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu follows Hinduism followed by Islam. For more information on the union territory of Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu, read this article further

Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu – Overview

Take a look at the table below to get aware of the key highlights of the Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu before proceeding to check the complete details.

Overview of Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu

Key ElementsDetails
StateDadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu
CapitalDaman
Location Coordinates20.42° N 72.83° E
Establishing Date and YearJanuary 26, 2020
Number of Districts3
Administrative Divisions3
Authorizing BodyUnion Territory Administration of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
AdministratorPraful Khoda Patel
Parliament constituencyLok Sabha (2 seats)
The seat of High CourtBombay High Court
Area603 km2
Population (2011 Census Data)5,85,764
Languages SpokenMarathi, Gujarati, Hindi and English
Time ZoneUTC + 05:30
Literacy Rate in Dadra and Nagar Haveli as per 2011 Census Data77.65%
Literacy Rate in Daman and Diu as per 2011 Census Data87.07%
Sex Ratio in Dadra and Nagar Haveli as per 2011 Census Data774 females per 1000 males
Sex Ration in Daman and Diu as per 2011 Census Data618 females per 1000 males

Geography and Administration

Geographically, the union territory is spread over an area 603 km² sharing its borders with Gujarat and Maharashtra. Diu is an island off the coast of Gujarat. Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu are divided into four distinct areas in the west of India, namely

  1. Daman
  2. Diu
  3. Nagar Haveli
  4. Dadra

Daman is an enclave on the coast of Gujarat. Diu is an island off the coast of Gujarat. Nagar Haveli is a ‘C’ shaped enclave located between Gujarat and Maharashtra. Dadra, on the other hand, is an enclave within the state of Gujarat.

The President of India appoints an administrator to a union territory to administer functions on behalf of the central government. The central government with its discretion may or may not appoint advisors to the administrator of the union territory. Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu have been divided into three districts to allocate the administrative powers. The three districts of the union territory are as follows.

  1. Daman District
  2. Diu District
  3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli District

Geographical Highlights of Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu

ParticularsDetails
Area603 km²
Area of Daman district72 km2
Area of Diu district40 km2
Area of Dadra and Nagar Haveli District491 km2
Districts3
Bordering statesMaharashtra and Gujarat
Number of geographical divisions4
Location Coordinates20.42° N 72.83° E
Elevation16 m
River flowingDaman Ganga River

Languages and Religion

Earlier, the union territory was divided into two different territories where people spoke different languages and followed different religions. Reports depicting the facts and figures of language and religion followed in the union territory will be published with Census 2021. English, Hindi, Gujarati and Marathi are the official languages of the union territory. However, different regions have people speaking different languages. Before the merger, languages spoken in both the territories were as follows.

Percentage of Language Speaking Population in Daman and Diu

LanguagePercentage of Population
Gujarati50.83%
Hindi36.31%
Marathi4.53%
Bengali2.15%
Odia1.82%
Nepali0.58%
Malayalam0.51%
Assamese0.49%
Other languages2.78%

Percentage of Language Speaking Population in Dadra and Nagar Haveli

LanguagePercentage of Population
Bhili37.26%
Hindi26.16%
Gujarati21.48%
Konkani2.26%
Odia1.30%
Bengali0.91%
Other languages3.62%

Most of the populations in the unmerged territories followed Hinduism, followed by Islam. The territories with such a small area had a population speaking different languages and following different religions. The table below depicts the religions followed by people of the unmerged territories as per the data curated from census 2011

Percentage of Population Following Different Religions in Daman and Diu

ReligionPercentage of Population
Hinduism90.50%
Islam7.92%
Christianity1.16%
Other religions and Atheist0.41%

Percentage of Population Following Different Religions in Dadra and Nagar Haveli

LanguagePercentage of Population
Hinduism93.93%
Islam3.75%
Christianity1.48%
Jainism0.34%
Buddhism0.18%
Sikhism0.06%
Other religions0.08%
Atheist0.001%

Economy

The economy of Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu has the major uplift from the Agriculture sector and the manufacturing industries. As the union territory is new and has not been through the evaluation of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the same will be released with time. However, on analysis of the district of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, 60% of the population depends upon the agriculture sector for the living. Out of the 491 km2 around 236 km2 of the area is used for the cultivation. The major crops cultivated in the Dadra and Nagar Haveli district are paddy (rice), ragi, small millets, jowar, sugarcanes, tur, nagli, val, tomato, cauliflower, mango, brinjal, and more.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli district has manufacturing industries contributing towards uplifting the economy of the union territories. The industrialisation has led to a decrease in the unemployment rate over time. More than 2700 units of industries including small to large scale industries.

Number of Industries in Dadra and Nagar Haveli

TypeNumber
Small Scale Industries2,118
Medium Scale Industries564
Large Scale Industries28
Total2,710

Healthcare

One of the major sectors which must be improved is the healthcare sector of any territory. Healthcare of a territory can be analysed using multiple parameters to evaluate mortality rates, fertility rates, birth and death rates. The latest statistics by NITI Aayog on IMR, TFR, birth rate and death rate were released before the merger. The table below depicts the statistics for the same.

Healthcare in Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu

ParticularsDadra and Nagar HaveliDaman and Diu
Infant Mortality Rate (as of 2016)17%19%
Total Fertility Rate (as of 2013)2.7%1.9%
Health Infrastructure (as of 2015)5626
Death Rate (as of 2016)4.0%4.6%
Birth Rate (as of 2016)24.5%24.0%
Immunisation (as of 2015-16)43.2%66.3%

The statistics above have gradually improved over time as a result of the administration working on the healthcare sector of the territories consistently.

Education

In India, education is basically divided into primary, secondary and tertiary phases, where primary and secondary is when the student pursues 10+2 level education and the tertiary education refers to the phase of higher education after the school. The state is well equipped with schools and colleges offering specialization in pharmacy, dental, hotel management and more.

The number of schools/ institutes in all the three phases of education is as follows.

Number of Education Institutes

PhaseDaman and DiuDadra and Nagar Haveli
Primary323120
Secondary4241
Tertiary88

List of Schools in Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu

  1. Nirmala Mata High School
  2. Divya Jyoti English High School
  3. Galaxy English Medium School
  4. Coast Guard Public School
  5. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya – JNV Bucharwada
  6. Kendriya Vidyalaya
  7. Shrinathji School
  8. Alok Public School
  9. DSC Public School
  10. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya – JNV Silvassa
  11. Lions English School

List of Colleges in Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu

  1. S.S.R. College of Pharmacy, Silvassa
  2. S.S.R. College of Education, Silvassa
  3. Institute of Hotel Management and Catering Technology (IHMCT)
  4. Dr Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Government Polytechnic
  5. Pramukh Swami Institute of Information Technology
  6. Vaidik Dental College and Research Centre
  7. Government College of Nursing
  8. Shree Nathji College of Business Administration
  9. Shrinathji College of Computer Application
  10. R.K. Desai Science College

Stay tuned to embibe.com for latest updates on Dadra Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu

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