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  • Written By Team_Embibe
  • Last Modified 21-01-2022
  • Written By Team_Embibe
  • Last Modified 21-01-2022

ADS Full Form

ADS Full Form: The full form of ADS is Acquired Demyelinating Syndrome. In Hindi, ADS stands for  “एक्वायर्ड डिमाइलेटिंग सिंड्रोम”. Children with ADS have immune-mediated demyelinating diseases in the central nervous system. 

The Acquired Demyelinating Syndrome is characterised by an immediate (rapid) start of inflammatory demyelination in the central nervous system.

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In this condition, Multiple Sclerosis, also known as MS, strikes early in childhood. The early symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis or MS in children vary -from one child to another. 

In the central nervous system, demyelination can occur in a single unifocal area or in several locations, which is referred to as Polyfocal Demyelination. Within 2-4 years following the acquired demyelination syndrome, one-third of the children diagnosed with the condition are also diagnosed with multiple sclerosis.

This diagnosis can sometimes be made based on the 2010 McDonald Multiple Sclerosis criteria. It can also be made later if new clinical or MRI evidence of reversing illness is found.

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Demyelinating Disorders (DMDs)

Myelin is a protective coating that covers the nerves of the brain and the spinal cord. It is similar to the insulation found on electrical lines. Myelin allows brain signals to flow rapidly and smoothly across the body, similar to how electricity flows from a power source.

Any ailment that damages myelin is classified as a demyelinating disorder. Because brain impulses can’t pass as rapidly through scar tissue, the nerves don’t function as effectively as they should.

Symptoms of Demyelinating Disorders

The following are some of the most prevalent symptoms of demyelinating disorders:

  • Loss of vision
  • Muscle deterioration
  • Muscle tenseness
  • Spasms of the muscles
  • Changes in the function of the bladder and the bowels
  • Sensory shifts

Causes of Demyelinating Disorders

In many situations, experts are baffled as to what causes these ailments. However, according to studies, some are the outcome of: 

  • A virus
  • An autoimmune disorder, which is an inflammation caused by an immune response that goes astray and leads the body to attack its tissues.
  • The genes
  • Damage to the brain’s blood vessels
  • Oxygen deficiency in the brain
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Other Types of Demyelinating Diseases 

The following are the examples of other forms of demyelinating illnesses along with their causes:

  • Optic neuritis – A condition in which the optic nerve in one or both eyes becomes inflamed.
  • Neuromyelitis Optica (Devic’s disease) – Inflammation and demyelination in the central nervous system, mainly the optic nerve and the spinal cord.
  • Transverse Myelitis – The infection of the spinal cord.
  • Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) – A brain and nerve inflammation.
  • Adrenoleukodystrophy and Adrenomyeloneuropathy – Hereditary metabolic illnesses that affect the adrenal glands.

Treatment of Demyelinating Diseases 

There are no therapies that can cure demyelinating disorders or reduce their development. Because there is no permanent cure, it is critical to get treatment on an immediate basis. However, your physician will collaborate with you to:

  • Reduce the attack’s consequences
  • Control the progression of the disease
  • Take care of your symptoms

Practice Exam Questions

FAQs on ADS Full Form

Below are some frequently asked questions on Acquired Demyelinating Syndrome:

Question 1: What is ADS full form in medical terms?
Answer: The full form of ADS in medical terms is Acquired Demyelinating Syndrome.

Question 2: What are the symptoms of ADS?

Answer: Loss of eyesight, muscular degradation, muscle muscle stiffness, spasms, sensory alterations, and abnormalities in the bladder and bowel functions are some of the most common symptoms of demyelinating illnesses.

Question 3: Is there any treatment for demyelinating diseases?

Answer: Depending on your disease, a range of medication therapy may be advised. Physical therapy, muscle relaxants, and pain and tiredness medicines are all options for treating symptoms. There are no therapies that can cure demyelinating disorders or stop its development.

Question 4: What is ADS?
Answer: The Acquired Demyelinating Syndrome is defined by the onset of inflammatory demyelination in the central nervous system within a short period of time. MS, often known as Multiple Sclerosis, hits children at a young age in such conditions.

We hope this article on ADS full form has helped you. In case of queries, do reach out to us through the comment section below. For more information on ADS full form or other similar articles, keep visiting


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