ISC Board Class 12

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  • Written by Bhavani_Singh
  • Last Modified on 19-09-2022
  • Written by Bhavani_Singh
  • Last Modified on 19-09-2022

ISC Class 12 Exam 2022

About Exam

The Council for Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE) administers the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) and the Indian School Certificate (ISC) exams for Classes 10 and 12. Based on the New Education Policy (1986), the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education provides an exam in the course of general education through the medium of English. 

Practice ISC Class 12 Exercise Questions with Hints & Solutions Here!

Pro Tip: At Embibe, we believe that all students have the right to personalised guidance. Embibe offers personalised attention to all the ISC Class 12 students to help them prepare for their exams and score good marks.
Subject Practice Questions from ISC Class 12 Books
Mathematics Click Here
Physics Click Here
Biology Click Here
Chemistry Click Here

For students in Class 10 and 12, the ICSE syllabus is well-structured and comprehensive, aiming to build analytical and practical skills. The ISC Class 12 is a foundation for students intending to pursue career paths like engineering, medicine, and law. Read this article to learn more about ICSE Class 12 examination pattern, syllabus, exam dates etc. 

ISC Class 12 Exam 2022: Brochure

ISC Class 12 exam students can download the brochure using the direct PDF link: Brochure  

ISC Class 12 Exam Summary

By helping students understand topics conceptually and improving their writing skills, the ISC curriculum emphasises the holistic development of students. Students who have cleared Class 11 from schools affiliated with CISCE can apply for the ISC Class 12 exams. Before moving to the details of the exam, let’s have an overview of the exam and ISC contact details. 

Particulars Details
Name of Exam Indian School Certificate (ISC)
Name of Board Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE)
Established 1958
Medium of Instruction English
Grading System Percentage/Marks
Address (Head Office) Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) P 35-36, Sector VIPushp Vihar, Saket, New Delhi – 110017
Telephone Number (011) 29564831/33/37
Emaill [email protected]
Official Website cisce.org
Level of the Exam National level
Mode of Registration Offline via the school for regular students Online for private students
Mode of Exam Offline
Class 12 Language Subjects English, Hindi, Telugu, Kannada, Sanskrit, Tamil, Malayalam, Urdu, Bengali, Marathi, Gujarati, Punjabi etc
Class 12 Academic Subjects Mathematics, Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Studies, Social Studies, Economics, Accountancy, Political science etc.
Frequency of Exam Once in a year

 

ISC Official Website Link

http://cisce.org/

ISC Class 12 Exam Latest Updates 2022

Test

 

  • July 24, 2022: The CISCE ISC Class 12 Semester 2 exam results is declared on July 24, 2022.
  • July 17, 2022: CISCE released the ISC Class 10 Semester 2 results by the end of July 2022.

Test your ISC Class 12 Concepts with Unlimited Practice Questions!

Pro Tip: At Embibe, we believe that all students have the right to personalised guidance. Embibe offers personalised attention to all the ISC Class 12 students to help them prepare for their exams and score good marks.
Subject Test Your ISC Class 12 Concepts
Mathematics Click Here
Physics Click Here
Chemistry Click Here
Biology Click Here

ISC Class 12 Exam Pattern

Exam Pattern

In this section, we have provided a detailed ISC Class 12 exam pattern for students reference:

ISC Class 12 Exam Pattern Details - Scoring Pattern (+/- Marking)

Students can check the ISC Class 12 exam pattern from the official website given by the CISCE. There are two stages of the exam.  There are two stages of the exam. One is theoretical, and the other is practical. Below we have provided the ISC Class 12 exam pattern:

  • Mode of Examination: Offline
  • Duration of Exam: 3 hours
  • Types of Questions: Multiple choice questions (MCQ) and subjective type questions
  • Medium of Question: English for Academic Subjects. Furthermore, it depends on the Language Subject
  • Maximum Marks for Theory: 80 Marks
  • Maximum Marks for the practical exam: 20 Marks

ISC Class 12 exam pattern 2022 is divided into three main streams: Science, Commerce, and Arts. 

  • Some subjects of ISC Class 12 2022 are common for all stream students. 
  • There are a total of 26 questions generally asked in the ISC Class 12 board exam. 
  • The total duration is 3 hours. 
  • The question paper usually consists of the following type of questions: 
    1. Very Short Answer Questions (1 mark each), 
    2. Short Answer Type Questions-I (2 marks each), 
    3. Short Answer Type Questions-II (3 marks each), 
    4. Value-based Questions (4 marks), 
    5. Long Answer Type Questions (5 marks each).

ISC Class 12 New Exam Pattern 2022

The ISC 2022 exam pattern will help students understand the paper pattern, marking scheme, and types of questions asked in the exam. If students want to score maximum marks in the exam, they have to be prepared to solve the questions effectively in less time. 

As per the marking scheme, the written exam will receive 80% of the marks, and the internal assessment will receive 20%. For Science and Computer disciplines, there will be practical exams involved. 

ISC Board Class 12 Exam Pattern: Group Distribution

Group-wise marks distribution of each subject is mentioned below:

Groups Subjects under different groups
Group I (80% marks external exam + 20% marks internal exam)
  • History, Civics, Geography
  • English
  • Second Language (one/two)
Group II (80% marks external exam + 20% marks internal exam)
  • Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology)
  • Mathematics
  • Commercial Studies
  • Economics
  • Environmental Science
  • A Classical Language
  • A Modern Foreign Language
Group III (50% marks external exam + 50 % marks internal exam)
  • Arts
  • Performing Arts
  • Computer Applications
  • Economic Applications
  • Commercial Applications
  • Fashion Designing
  • Physical Education
  • Yoga
  • Cookery
  • Home Science
  • A Modern Foreign Language
  • Technical Drawing Applications
  • Environmental Applications
  • Group I distribution contains 4 compulsory subjects.
  • Group II allows choosing 2 optional subjects.
  • Group III allows students to choose optional subjects.
  • Candidates need to choose an option during Class 10 registration. No change in the subject will occur after registration.

ICSE Class 12 Mathematics Exam Pattern

The following table has a detailed description of the ISC Class 12 Mathematics examination pattern, such as the total number of questions, duration, and marks.

Particulars Details
Exam Duration 3 Hours
Internal Marks 20 Marks
Theory Marks 80 marks
Total No. of Questions 36
Very Short Answer Type Questions (1 mark each) 20
Short Answer Type Questions (2 marks each) 6
Long Answer Type-I Questions (4 marks each) 6
Long Answer Type-II Questions (6 marks each) 4


ICSE Class 12 English Exam Pattern

The following table shows the ISC Class 12 examination pattern for English:

Particulars Details
Exam Duration 3 hours
Maximum Marks 100 marks (80 Marks for Theory + 20 Marks for assessment of listening and speaking skills)
Total Number of Questions 33
MCQ and Objective-type Questions (1 mark each) 20
Short Answer Type-I Questions (2 marks each) 5
Short Answer Type -II Questions (4 marks each) 3
Long Answer Type Questions (6 marks each) 3
Very Long Answer Type Questions (10 marks each) 2


ICSE Class 12 Physics Exam Pattern

The following table shows the ISC Class 12 examination pattern for Physics:

Particulars Details
Exam Duration 3 Hours
Internal Marks 20 Marks
Theory Marks 80 marks
Total No. of Questions 36
Very Short Answer Type Questions (1 mark each) 20
Short Answer Type Questions (2 marks each) 6
Long Answer Type-I Questions (4 marks each) 6
Long Answer Type-II Questions (6 marks each) 4

Check - ICSE Full Form here

ISC Class 12 Exam Pattern Details - Total Time

For 2022-23, exam pattern details are yet to be released by the board. For now students can look at the ISC Class 12 exam pattern for 2021-22.

  • Term-1:

The Paper will have Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ), including case-based MCQs and MCQs on the assertion-reasoning type.

Duration of Exam: 90 minutes

  • Term-2:

The paper will be for Biotechnology for 2 hours and have questions of different formats (case-based/situation-based/ open-ended - short answer/long answer type).

Duration of Exam: 2 hours

 

ISC Class 12 Exam Calendar 2022

The Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations will be releasing the ISC Class 12 2022 exam results by the end of July 2022. The class 12 ISC Semester 2 exam began on April 26, 2022, and ended on June 13, 2022. In order to help students prepare for their exam, we have provided the ISC revised and ISC Semester 2 2022 timetable below:

Date Subject Time Exam Duration
April 26, 2022 (Tuesday) English - Paper 1 (English Language) 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
April 28, 2022 (Thursday) Commerce 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
April 30, 2022 (Saturday) Elective English
Hospitality Management Indian Music - Hindustani - Paper 1 (Theory) Indian Music - Carnatic - Paper 1 (Theory) Western Music - Paper 1 (Theory)
2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 02, 2022 (Monday) English - Paper 2 (Literature in English) 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 05, 2022 (Thursday) Economics 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 7, 2022 (Saturday) Mass Media & Communication
Fashion Designing - Paper 1 (Theory)
2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 9, 2022 (Monday) Mathematics 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 11, 2022 (Wednesday) History 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 13, 2022 (Friday) Chemistry (Paper 1) Theory 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 14, 2022 (Saturday) Home Science - Paper 1 (Theory) 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 17, 2022 (Tuesday) Physics - Paper 1 (Theory) 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 20, 2022 (Friday) Accounts 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 23, 2022 (Monday) Biology – Paper 1 (Theory) 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 25, 2022 (Wednesday) Sociology 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 27, 2022 (Friday) Political Science 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
May 30, 2022 (Monday) Psychology 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
June 1, 2022 (Wednesday) Computer Science (Paper 1) Theory 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
June 3, 2022 (Friday) Physical Education - Paper 1 (Theory) 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
June 4, 2022 (Saturday) Legal Studies 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
June 6, 2022 (Monday) Indian Languages / Modern Foreign Languages/ Classical Languages 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
June 8, 2022
(Wednesday)
Business Studies 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
June 10, 2022 (Friday) Biotechnology (Paper 1) Theory Environmental Science - Paper 1(Theory) 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.
June 13, 2022 (Monday) Geography Geometrical & Mechanical Drawing Electricity and Electronics 2.00 P.M. 1hr. 30 mins.

Note: In addition to the time allotted for attempting the paper on the timetable, a 10-minute reading period will be provided. The Question Paper will be available at 1:50 p.m.

Details Mentioned on ISC Class 12 Timetable

Below we have provided the details mentioned on ISC Class 12 Timetable:

  • Important Notice
  • Directions to Students
  • Caution
  • ISC class 12 exam date 2022
  • Exam Day
  • Exam start time
  • Subjects/Papers
  • Exam Duration

How to Download ISC Class 12 Time Table 2021-22?

The steps to download the ISC Class 12 timetable are as follows:

  • Step 1: Firstly, visit the official website of the CISCE board cisce.org.
  • Step 2: Go to the ISC time-table 2022 under the ‘Notice Board’ section.
  • Step 3: Click on the link ‘Time-Table of ISC Examination.’
  • Step 4: The timetable of the ICSE and ISC 2022 10th and 12th examinations will appear on the screen.
  • Step 5: Download the ISC Board 2022 timetable.
  • Step 6: Lastly, take a printout of the ISC Board 2022 timetable for future references.

ISC Class 12 2022 Exam Syllabus

Exam Syllabus

The ISC exam offers at least five subjects to students in Class 11. Moreover, the same subjects are repeated in Class 12. Below is the detailed exam pattern of ISC 12th 2022 for different subjects.

Subject Types of Questions Asked Total Marks Duration
English paper 1 Composition, directed writing, short answer questions based on grammar and comprehension 100 3 hours
English Paper 2 One textual question (compulsory) on the Shakespeare play/alternative prescribed play and four other questions on at least three texts, including the Shakespeare play/alternative play. 100 3 hours
Indian Languages Composition, comprehension, grammar and questions from prescribed textbooks 100 3 hours
Modern Foreign Languages Short composition, passage, unseen passage and questions and prescribed textbooks 100 3 hours
Classical Languages Questions on grammar, unseen translation and translation from the prescribed textbooks 100 3 hours
Elective English Questions are based on prose, drama and poetry 100 3 hours
Mathematics Questions are asked from Algebra, Calculus, Vectors, Probability, and Linear Programming among others 100 3 hours
Fashion Designing Questions are based on definitions of fashion, design details, wardrobe planning, and designers 70 3 hours
Electricity and Electronics Compulsory short answer questions and long questions. The topics are based on the distribution of electric power, D.C. generator and motor, A.C. motor, wires, cables, and electrical wires 100 3 hours
Engineering Science Short answer questions and long questions are based on friction, limiting friction, machines, power, and momentum 100 3 hours
Computer Science Compulsory short answer questions and more sections, where questions are asked from Boolean Algebra, Computer Hardware, Implementation of algorithms to solve problems, etc. 70 3 hours
Geometrical and Mechanical Drawing Candidates are required to answer all questions. The preparation of working drawings and assemblies from dimensioned sketches based on the following- fastening (nuts, bolts, studs, keys, cotters, pins, locking devices), rigid and flexible joints, screw threads wheels and transmission of motion and power 100 3 hours
Geometrical and Building Drawing The questions are based on building drawings and should be based on the form and construction of simple buildings and parts of buildings; small dwelling houses (single and two stories), garages, sheds and greenhouses 100 3 hours
Art Drawing or painting from still life, drawing and painting from nature, drawing and painting of a living person 100 3 hours
Music The syllabus is divided into three parts - Vocal, Instrumental and Tabla. Candidates need to choose one of them 70 3 hours
Physical Education The theory paper is divided into sections A and B. Candidates are required to answer five questions out of seven from Section A, each carrying 8 marks. Section B is based on questions on major games in the syllabus 70 3 hours
Environmental Science Compulsory short questions answer and other questions are based on human beings and nature, Population and Conservation Ecology and monitoring population 70 3 hours

For Group I Subjects

Group I includes all the compulsory subjects such as English, History, Civics, Geography, and a second language. As per the new assessment plan, the ISC 12th exam is divided into two semesters. These subjects contain 80 marks, where semesters 1 and 2 will be of 40 marks each. The details of each subject are mentioned below:

English I:

English I is for English language skills which contain composition, letter, unseen passage, and grammar questions.

Semester Question Pattern
Semester I In semester I, there will be two sections and MCQ based on Comprehension where students have to answer the questions given related to the passage. Choices are provided in this question and English Grammar
Semester II In Semester II, there will be three portions:
A composition of around 450 – 500 words will appear in the first question. Directed Writing and Proposal Writing

English II:

English II contains English literacy skills, including questions from drama, prose, and poetry from the prescribed textbooks:

Semester Question Pattern
Semester I In semester I, there will be:
The Tempest: William Shakespeare (Act III)
Echoes: A Collection of ISC Short Stories (To Build a Fire –
Jack London, The Story of an Hour – Kate Chopin)
Reverie: A Collection of ISC Poems (The Darkling Thrush – Thomas
Hardy, Birches – Robert Frost, Crossing the Bar – Alfred, Lord Tennyson)
Semester II In semester II, there will be:
The Tempest: William Shakespeare (Act IV & V)
Echoes: A Collection of ISC Short Stories (The Singing Lesson – Katherine Mansfield, The Sound Machine – Roald Dahl, B. Wordsworth – V.S Naipaul)
Reverie: A Collection of ISC Poems (Dover Beach – Matthew Arnold, we are the Music Makers – Arthur William Edgar O’Shaughnessy)

History and Civics

Below is the detailed question pattern of class 12 History and Civics.

Semester Question Pattern
Semester 1 (40 marks) MCQ-based questions from:
Towards Independence and Partition: the Last Phase (1935- 1947)
Establishment and development of Indian Democracy (1964- 1966)
Challenges to Indian Democracy (1964- 1977)
Changing face of the Indian Democracy (1977- 1986)
India’s Foreign Policy
Movements for Women’s Rights
Semester 2 (40 marks) This portion will consist of short and long questions that will come from:
World War II
De-colonisation – in Asia (China)
Cold War 1945-91 – origin, course, end and impact
Protest Movements
Middle East: Israeli-Palestine conflict (1916-1993)

Geography

Below is the detailed question pattern of Geography. 

Semester Question Pattern
Semester 1 (35 marks) MCQ-based questions will come from:
Physical Environment (Complete unit)
Population and Human Settlements (Complete unit)
Resources of India and their utilisation (Need for Environmental management vis-a-vis development; Land Resources: land use pattern in India – the quality of cultivable land, size of land holdings; Water resources and types of irrigation)
Map Work (Related to the given topics)
Semester 2 (35 marks) This part consists of long answer questions, including sketches, diagrams, charts, and graphs.
Resources of India and their Utilisation (Agriculture: Types, development and problems; Fishing in India, Japan and Bangladesh; Sources of Energy)
Infrastructural Resources (Complete unit)
Industries (Complete unit)
Regional Economic Development (Complete unit)
Map Work (Related to the given topics)

Second Language

Given below is the question pattern of second language.

Semester Question Pattern
Semester 1 (40 marks) This section will be MCQ based
In the Language paper:
The section includes language skills- Comprehension and Grammar.
In the Literature paper:
The section includes questions from prescribed textbooks.
Semester 2 (40 marks) In this section, short and long answer questions will be there
In the Language paper:
Composition and Grammar will come from this section
In the Literature paper:
The section includes questions from prescribed textbooks.

For Group II Subjects

Group II contains 7 subjects in which students have to answer any two subjects. Those subjects will contain 80 marks, and exam duration varies from 3 hours, 2.5 hours and 2 hours for different subjects.

Subject Question Pattern Duration
Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) Semester I will be MCQ based, and all the science stream subjects will be of 35 marks.
In Semester II, there will be short and long answer-type questions, and each science paper will carry 35 marks.
2 hours for each paper
Environmental Science In Semester I, the paper will be MCQ based and will carry 35 marks.
Semester II will be of 35 marks and will consist of short and long answer questions.
2 hours
Mathematics Semester I will be MCQ based, and the paper will carry 40 marks.
In Semester II, there will be short and long answer type questions and will carry 40 marks.
2.5 hours
Economics Semester I is going to be MCQ based and will carry 40 marks.
In Semester II, there will be short and long answer type questions, and the paper will carry 40 marks.
2 hours
Classical Language In semester I, the paper will be 40 marks and MCQ based. Questions will come from Grammar, Sentence Translation and Reference to Context.
In semester II, the paper will be 40 marks. In semester II the questions will come from Poems, Short Stories, and Chapters of the prescribed Novel/Drama.
2 hours
Modern Foreign Language In semester I, the paper will be 40 marks, and in the Language portion, comprehension and translation will be there in MCQ form. Whereas, in the Literature paper, questions will be from the prescribed textbook, Novel/Drama.
The paper will be 40 marks in semester II, and in the Language portion, comprehension and translation will be there. And in the Literature paper, questions will be from the prescribed textbook, Novel/Drama.
3 hours


For Group III Subjects

From group III, students must choose 1 subject only. The total marks is 100. The exam duration will be either 2 hours or 3 hours, depending on the subject. Details are mentioned below:

Subject Question Pattern Duration
Commercial Applications Section A: Compulsory short questions Section B: Detailed answer type questions with a choice 2 hours
Economic Applications Section A: Compulsory short questions Section B: detailed answer type questions with a choice 2 hours
Computer Applications Section A: Compulsory short questions of 40 marks, Section B: detailed answer type questions of 60 marks with choice 2 hours
Environmental Applications Section A: Compulsory short questions, Section B: detailed answer type questions with choice. 2 hours
Home Science Semester I will be of 35 marks and MCQ based and in Semester II, Section A: Compulsory short questions, Section B: detailed answer type questions with a choice of 4 questions must be answered 2 hours
Art There are 4 papers out of which a candidate must attempt two based on drawing/painting from still life, drawing/ painting from nature, Applied Art, Original Imaginative Composition in Colour 3 hours
Performing Arts Section A: Vocal Music Section B: Instrumental Music Section C: tabla 2 hours
Fashion Designing Section A: Compulsory short questions Section B: detailed answer type questions with a choice of 4 questions must be answered 2 hours
Cookery Section A: Compulsory short questions, Section B: detailed answer type questions with a choice of 4 questions must be answered 2 hours
Modern Foreign Language 5 questions based on-
Unseen comprehension,
translation into the English language,
grammar,
letter and
composition
2 hours
Technical Drawing Applications Section A: 3 out of 5 questions Section B: 2 out of 3 questions must be answered 3 hours
Physical Education Section A: questions based on health, hygiene and first aid Section B: questions based on rules, skills, methods of fitness training of any two team games- Cricket, football, Handball, Hockey, Basketball, Volleyball, softball. 2 hours
Yoga Section A: compulsory questions of 40 marks Section B, C, D: There will be a choice to attempt two questions of 20 marks from each section. 2 hours


ISC Class 12 Exam 2022 Project Work

From the examination year 2022 onwards, project work has been introduced in the selected subjects at the ISC level. The subjects listed below  will have project work from 2022 for 20 marks:

  • English
  • Indian Languages
  • Classical Languages
  • Modern Foreign Languages
  • Elective English
  • Mathematics
  • Electricity and Electronics
  • Engineering Science
  • Geometrical and Mechanical Drawing
  • Geometrical and Building Drawing

ISC Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2022

Below we have tabulated the ISC Class 12 Physics syllabus:

Units Chapters Concepts

Electrostatics

Electric Charges and Fields

  • Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between two-point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.
  • Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
  • Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).

Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

  • Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, the electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges, and electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
  • Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, a combination of capacitors in series and parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.

Current Electricity

Current Electricity

  • Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance. 
  • The internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and EMF of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel, Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications, Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge. 
  • Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potential difference and compare EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Moving Charges and Magnetism

  • Concept of a magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.
  • Biot-Savart law and its application to a current-carrying circular loop.
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to an infinitely long straight wire. Cyclotron is straight and toroidal solenoids (only qualitative treatment): force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, the force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of an ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Magnetism and Matter

  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron, magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis, torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. 
  • Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances, with examples. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths, permanent magnets.

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Electromagnetic Induction

  • Electromagnetic induction
  • Faraday’s laws
  • Induced EMF and current
  • Lenz’s Law
  • Eddy currents
  • Self and mutual induction

Alternating Current

  • Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage
  • Reactance and impedance
  • LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance
  • Power in AC circuits, power factor, wattless current
  • AC generator and transformer.

Electromagnetic Waves

Electromagnetic Waves

  • The basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their Transverse nature (qualitative ideas only).
  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

Optics

Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

  • Ray Optics: Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, a combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction of light through a prism.
  • Scattering of Light: The blue colour of the sky and the reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
  • Optical Instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Wave Optics

  • Wavefront and Huygens principle, reflection and refraction of a plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.
  • Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle
  • Interference
  • Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width
  • Coherent sources and sustained interference of light
  • Diffraction due to a single slit
  • Width of central maximum
  • Resolving power of microscope and astronomical telescope
  • Polarisation, plane polarised light
  • Brewster’s law: uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids

Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

  • Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations;
  • Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.
  • Experimental study of the photoelectric effect
  • Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation, Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained). 

Atoms and Nuclei

Atoms

  • Alpha-particle scattering experiment
  • Rutherford’s model of the atom
  • Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.

Nuclei

  • Composition and size of nucleus, Radioactivity, alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties; radioactive decay law, half-life, and mean life.
  • Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.

Electronic Devices

Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only)

Semiconductor Diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier;

Special purpose p-n junction diodes: LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode and their characteristics, Zener diode as a voltage regulator.

ISC Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus 2022

Below we have provided the ISC Class 12 Chemistry syllabus:

Units Chapters

Solid State

  • Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea).
  • Unit cell in two dimensional and three-dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties.
  • Band theory of metals,conductors, semiconductors and insulators and n and p-type semiconductors.

Solutions

  • Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, the solubility of gases in liquids, and solid solutions,
  • Raoult’s Law,
  • Colligative properties – a relative lowering of vapour pressure,
  • Elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, and osmotic pressure,
  • Determination of molecular masses using colligative properties and abnormal molecular mass,
  • Van’t Hoff Factor

Electrochemistry

  • Redox reactions, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential,
  • Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells,
  • Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell,
  • Conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration,
  • Kohlrausch’s Law,
  • Electrolysis and law of electrolysis (elementary idea),
  • Dry Cell – electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells, lead accumulator, fuel cells, corrosion

Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous),
  • Factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature,
  • Catalyst; Order and molecularity of a reaction,
  • Rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first-order reactions),
  • Concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment),
  • Activation energy,
  • Arrhenius equation

Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption – physisorption and chemisorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids,
  • Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis,
  • Colloidal state: the distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspension,
  • Lyophilic, lyophobic, multi-molecular and macromolecular colloids,
  • Properties of colloids,
  • Tyndall effect,
  • Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation, emulsion – types of emulsions.

General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, oxidation, reduction – electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.

p-Block Elements

  • Group 15 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; Nitrogen preparation properties and uses; compounds of Nitrogen: preparation and properties of Ammonia and Nitric Acid, Oxides of Nitrogen (Structure only); Phosphorus – allotropic forms, compounds of Phosphorus: Preparation and properties of Phosphine, Halides and Oxoacids (elementary idea only).
  • Group 16 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses, classification of Oxides, Ozone, Sulphur -allotropic forms; compounds of Sulphur: preparation properties and uses of Sulphur-dioxide, Sulphuric Acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses; Oxoacids of Sulphur (Structures only).
  • Group 17 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens, Preparation, properties and uses of Chlorine and Hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, Oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
  • Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.

d and f Block Elements

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals.
  • General trends in properties of the first-row transition metals – metallic character, ionisation enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.
  • Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
  • Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
  • Actinides – Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanide.

Coordination Compounds

Coordination compounds – Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Werner’s theory, VBT, and CFT; structure and stereoisomerism, the importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological system).

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Haloalkanes
  • Nomenclature, nature of C–X bond, physical and chemical properties, optical rotation mechanism of substitution reactions.
  • Haloarenes
  • Nature of C–X bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only).
  • Uses and Environmental Effects
  • Dichloromethane
  • Trichloromethane
  • Tetrachloromethane
  • Iodoform
  • Freons
  • DDT

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Alcohols
  • Nomenclature
  • Methods of preparation
  • Physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only)
  • Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols
  • Mechanism of dehydration
  • Uses, with special reference to methanol and ethanol
  • Phenols
  • Nomenclature
  • Methods of preparation
  • Physical and chemical properties
  • Acidic nature of phenol
  • Electrophilic substitution reactions
  • Uses of phenols
  • Ethers
  • Nomenclature
  • Methods of preparation
  • Physical and chemical properties
  • Uses of ethers

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Aldehydes and Ketones
  • Nomenclature
  • Nature of carbonyl group
  • Methods of preparation
  • Physical and chemical properties
  • Mechanism of nucleophilic addition
  • Reactivity of alpha hydrogen in Aldehydes
  • Uses
  • Carboxylic Acids
  • Nomenclature
  • Acidic nature
  • Methods of preparation
  • Physical and chemical properties
  • Uses

Amines

  • Amines
  • Nomenclature
  • Classification
  • Structure
  • Methods of preparation
  • Physical and chemical properties
  • Uses
  • Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines
  • Diazonium salts
  • Preparation
  • Chemical reactions
  • Importance in synthetic organic chemistry

Biomolecules

  • Carbohydrates
  • Classification (aldoses and ketoses)
  • Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose)
  • D-L configuration oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose)
  • Polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen)
  • Importance of carbohydrates
  • Proteins
  • Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins
  • Structure of proteins – primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only)
  • Denaturation of proteins
  • Enzymes
  • Hormones – Elementary idea excluding structure
  • Vitamins- Classification and functions
  • Nucleic
  • Acids – DNA and RNA

Polymers

  • Classification – natural and synthetic
  • Methods of polymerisation (addition and condensation)
  • Copolymerisation
  • Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon polyesters, Bakelite, rubber
  • Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers

Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in Medicines: Analgesics, tranquilisers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.
  • Chemicals in Food: Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
  • Cleansing Agents: Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

ISC Class 12 Maths Syllabus

Students can check the ISC Class 12 Mathematics syllabus below:

Units Chapters Concepts

Relations and Functions

Relations and Functions

  • Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions, composite functions, the inverse of a function.

Inverse Trigonometric Functions

  • Definition, range, domain, principal value branch. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions

Algebra

Matrices

  • Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices.
  • Operation on matrices:
  • Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar.
  • Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication.
  • On Commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrices (restrict to square matrices of order 2).
  • Concept of elementary row and column operations.
  • Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here, all matrices will have total entries).
 

Determinants

  • Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), properties of determinants, minors, cofactors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle.
  • Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix.
  • Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of a system of linear equations by examples, solving systems of linear equations in two or three variables (having a unique solution) using the inverse of a matrix.

Calculus

Continuity and Differentiability

  • Continuity and differentiability, a derivative of composite functions, chain rule, inverse trigonometric functions, derivative of implicit functions.
  • Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions.
  • Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions.
  • Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms.
  • Second-order derivatives.
  • Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems (without proof) and their geometric interpretation.
 

Applications of Derivatives

  • Applications of derivatives: rate of change of bodies, increasing/ decreasing functions, tangents and normals, use of derivatives in approximation, maxima and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool).
  • Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real-life situations).
 

Integrals

  • Integration is an inverse process of differentiation.
  • Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts.
  • Evaluation of simple integrals and problems based on them.
  • Definite integrals as a limit of a sum
  • Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof).
  • Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals.
 

Applications of the Integrals

  • Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, circles, parabolas, ellipses (in standard form only).
  • The area between any of the two above-said curves (the region should be identifiable).
 

Differential Equations

  • Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation.
  • Formation of differential equations whose general solution is given.
  • Solution of differential equations by separating variables, solutions of homogeneous differential equations of the first order and first degree.
  • Solutions of a linear differential equation.

Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry

Vectors

  • Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector.
  • Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector.
  • Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, the addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio.
  • Definition, Geometrical Interpretation, properties and application of scalar (dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors, a scalar triple product of vectors.
 

Three-dimensional Geometry

  • Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points.
  • Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, coplanar and skew lines, the shortest distance between two lines.
  • Cartesian and vector equation of a plane.
  • Angle between
    • Two lines
    • Two planes
  • Line and a plane
  • Distance of a point from a plane.

Linear Programming

 
  • Introduction, related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimisation. 
  • Different types of linear programming (L.P.) problems.
  • A mathematical formulation of L.P. problems.
  • Graphical method of solution for problems in two variables.
  • Feasible and infeasible regions (bounded or unbounded).
  • Feasible and infeasible solutions.
  • Optimal feasible solutions (up to three non-trivial constraints).

Probability

 
  • Conditional probability
  • Multiplication theorem on probability
  • Independent events
  • Total probability
  • Bayes’ theorem
  • Random variable and its probability distribution
  • Mean and variance of random variables
  • Binomial probability distribution

ISC Class 12 Biology Syllabus 2022

Students can check the ISC Class 12 Biology Syllabus below:

Units Chapters Concepts

Reproduction

Reproduction in Organisms

  • Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species;
  • Modes of reproduction –Asexual and sexual reproduction;
  • A sexual reproduction – binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule formation, fragmentation;
  • Vegetative propagation in plants;
  • Events in sexual reproduction

Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

  • Flower structure;
  • Development of male and female gametophytes;
  • Pollination – types, agencies and examples;
  • Outbreeding devices;
  • Pollen-pistil interaction;
  • Double fertilisation;
  • Post fertilisation events – development of endosperm and embryo, development of seed and formation of fruit;
  • Special modes- apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony;
  • Significance of seed dispersal and fruit formation.

Human Reproduction

  • Male and female reproductive systems;
  • Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis – spermatogenesis and oogenesis;
  • Menstrual cycle;
  • Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation;
  • Pregnancy and placenta formation (elementary idea);
  • Parturition (elementary idea);
  • Lactation (elementary idea).

Reproductive Health

  • Need for reproductive health and prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs);
  • Birth control – need and methods;
  • Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP);
  • Amniocentesis;
  • Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT,
  •  GIFT, AI (brief overview).

Genetics and Evolution

Principles of Inheritance and Variation

  • Heredity and variation, Mendelian inheritance;
  • Deviations from Mendelism – incomplete dominance, codominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, pleiotropy;
  • Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance;
  • Chromosome theory of inheritance;
  • Chromosomes and genes;
  • Linkage and crossing over;
  • Sex determination – in human beings, birds, grasshopper and honey bees;
  • Mutation, Pedigree analysis, sex-linked inheritance – haemophilia, colour blindness;
  • Mendelian disorders in humans –sickle cell anaemia, Phenylketonuria, thalassemia;
  • Chromosomal disorders in humans;
  • Down’s syndrome,
  • Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.

Molecular Basis of Inheritance

  • Structure of DNA and RNA;
  • DNA packaging;
  • Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material;
  • DNA replication;
  • Central Dogma;
  • Transcription, genetic code, translation;
  • Gene expression and regulation – lac operon;
  • Human genome project;
  • DNA fingerprinting.

Evolution

  • Origin of life;
  • Biological evolution and evidence for biological evolution (palaeontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence);
  • Adaptive radiation;
  • Biological evolution:
  •  Lamarck’s theory of use and disuse of organs, Darwin’s theory of evolution;
  • Mechanism of evolution – variation (mutation and recombination) and natural selection with examples, types of natural selection;
  • Gene flow and genetic drift;
  • Hardy – Weinberg’s principle;
  • A brief account of evolution;
  • Human evolution.

Biology and Human Welfare

Human Health and Diseases

  • Pathogens;
  • Parasites causing human diseases (malaria, dengue, chikungunya, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm) and their control;
  • Basic concepts of immunology – vaccines;
  • Cancer, HIV and AIDS;
  • Adolescence – drug and alcohol abuse.

Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

  • Animal husbandry,
  • Plant breeding,
  • Tissue culture,
  • Single-cell protein.

Microbes in Human Welfare

  • Microbes in food processing, industrial production, Antibiotics;
  • Production and reasonable class use, sewage treatment, energy generation and microbes as biocontrol agents and bio-fertilizers.

Biotechnology and its Applications

Biotechnology – Principles and Processes

  • Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA Technology

Biotechnology and its Application

  • Application of biotechnology in health and agriculture
  • Genetically modified organisms – Bt Crops;
  • RNA interference, Human insulin, gene therapy;
  • Molecular diagnosis;
  • Transgenic animals;
  • Biosafety issues, biopiracy and patents.

Ecology and Environment

Organisms and Populations

  • Organisms and environment
  • Habitat and niche, A biotic factors, ecological adaptations;
  • Population interactions – mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism, commensalism;
  • Population attributes – growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.

Ecosystem

  • Ecosystem: Structure and function;
  • Productivity and decomposition;
  • Energy flow;
  • Pyramids of number, biomass, energy;
  • Nutrient cycles (carbon and phosphorous);
  • Ecological succession;
  • Ecological services – carbon fixation, pollination, seed dispersal, oxygen release (in brief).

Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Biodiversity – Concept, levels, patterns, importance;
  • Loss of biodiversity;
  • Biodiversity conservation;
  • Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, Sacred Groves, biosphere reserves, national parks, wildlife, sanctuaries and Ramsar sites.

Environmental Issues

  • Air pollution and its control;
  • Water pollution and its control;
  • Agrochemicals and their effects;
  • Solid waste management;
  • Radioactive waste management;
  • Greenhouse effect and climate change impact and mitigation;
  • Ozone layer depletion;
  • Deforestation;
  • Case study exemplifying success story addressing the environmental issue(s).

ISC Class 12 Study Plan to Maximise Score

Study Plan to Maximise Score

Below we have provided some of the best preparation tips for ICSE Class 12 students so that they can score maximum marks in their exams:

ISC Class 12 Preparation Tips

ISC Class 12 board exam is the most popular national-level exam. The competition is very stiff as lakhs of candidates from all over the country appear for this exam every year. The competition gets more crucial as it is the pathway towards securing a better career.

Furthermore, the Class 12 exam is essential for taking renowned exams like JEE Main, NEET, DUET, CLAT, etc. Now, preparing for such exams is a tough nut to crack. It would help if students had a diligent study routine to ace the Class 12 board exam with good marks. Students can follow the tips mentioned below to ace their ISC Class 12 exams:

  • Exam Pattern: Remember to check the ISC Class 12 exam pattern. The exam pattern contains information about the structure of Class 12 question papers.
  • Syllabus: Do not forget to check the ISC Class 12 syllabus. The syllabus provides topics that you can study. Moreover, you can even find essential topics for the Class 12 examination from the syllabus.
  • Time Management: Always prepare a good time management plan. You can make a timetable that you can follow daily. Furthermore, do not forget to give time to all Class 12 subjects.
  • ISC Textbooks: Read the textbooks of each subject thoroughly that are prescribed by the ISC board.
  • Quality Study Material: Always have quality study material at your disposal. Good study material can clear your concepts better and provide you with a good understanding of subjects.
  • Take Notes: Always make notes while studying. You can refer to these notes while revising for the exams.
  • Previous Year Question Papers: Students can practice ISC Class 12 previous year papers as much as possible. Practice a sufficient number of questions diligently.
  • Mock Tests: You can also take mock tests and practice more for Class 12 board exams.

ISC Class 12 Detailed Study Plan

As a last-month preparation strategy, here is a sample timetable we created. Focus on one subject at a time. Feel free to change the sample timetable as desired: 

Days Subjects
1-4 Physics – Keep the complete list of formulae, experiments, and derivations
5-9 Chemistry – Questions related to organic and inorganic chemistry are fact-based questions that can be solved quickly with good practice.
10-15 Maths – Firstly, clear the basic fundamentals and concepts of the subject. Some calculations can be lengthy. You should practice these types of questions a lot.
16-18 English – Read as much as you can. Any piece of good literature should not escape your hands: Your textbooks, the newspaper, or anything else you can lay your hands on. Follow a good grammar book and know the basic rules.
19-22 Computer Science – The key to a successful Computer Science exam is understanding. As the majority of the question paper is based on programming, the only way to score is by having a thorough understanding of programming
22-26 Revision days as per subjects
26-30 Sample or Previous Years Papers

ISC Class 12 Exam 2022 Recommended Chapters

Here we are providing a list of important topics and chapters along with the weightage based on the last five previous years papers and based on experts’ opinions:

ISC Class 12 Biology Weightage

Let us look at ISC Class 12 Biology weightage:

Unit Title  Marks

Unit VI

Reproduction

14

Unit VII

Genetics and Evolution

18

Unit VIII

Biology and Human Welfare

14

Unit IX

Biotechnology and its Applications

10

Unit X

Ecology and Environment

14

Total

70

ISC Class 12 Chemistry Weightage

Let us look at ISC Class 12 Chemistry weightage:

Unit No. Title Marks

Unit I

Solid State

23

Unit II

Solutions

Unit III

Electrochemistry

Unit IV

Chemical Kinetics

Unit V

Surface Chemistry

Unit VII

p -Block Elements

19

Unit VIII

d -and f -Block Elements

Unit IX

Coordination Compounds

Unit X

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

28

Unit XI

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Unit XII

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

Unit XIII

Amines

Unit XIV

Biomolecules

Total

70

ISC Class 12 Physics Weightage

Let us look at ISC Class 12 Physics weightage:

Unit Chapter Marks

Unit I – Electrostatics

Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields

16

Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Unit II – Current Electricity

Chapter -3: Current Electricity

Unit III – Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

17

Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter

Unit IV – Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction

Chapter–7: Alternating Current

Unit V – Electromagnetic Waves

Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves

18

Unit VI – Optics

Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

Chapter–10: Wave Optics

Unit VII – Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

12

Unit VIII – Atoms and Nuclei

Chapter–12: Atoms

Chapter–13: Nuclei

Unit IX – Electronic Devices

Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

7

Total

70

ISC Class 12 Mathematics Weightage

Let us look at ISC Class 12 Maths weightage:

No. Units Marks

Unit I

Relations and Functions

08

Unit II

Algebra

10

Unit III

Calculus

35

Unit IV

Vectors and Three – Dimensional Geometry

14

Unit V

Linear Programming

05

Unit VI

Probability

08

Total

80

Internal Assessment

20

ISC Class 12 Important Books (Author /Publisher wise)

Below we have provided the important books for ISC Class 12 below:

ISC Class 12 Mathematics Books

Let us look at ISC Class 12 Mathematics books:

Best Reference Maths Book Name Publisher/Author Name

S. Chand’s ISC Mathematics Class – XII 

O.P. Malhotra, S.K. Gupta, Anubhuti Gangal

ISC Mathematics Class 12– R D Sharma (Vol 1 & Vol 2)

R D Sharma

Understanding I.S.C. Mathematics Class XII

M.L. Aggarwal

Senior Secondary School Mathematics for Class 12

R.S. Aggarwal

ISC Class 12 Physics Books

Let us look at ISC Class 12 Physics books:

S.No Book name Authors

1

ISC Physics Book II for Class XII

P. Vivekanandan, D.K. Banerjee and Anand V. Karthik

2

ISC Nootan Physics Class 12 

Kumar.Mittal Nageen Prakashan

3

New Simplified Physics, 

S. L. Arora

4

Modern’s ABC Of Practical Physics

Ashok Sharma

ISC Class 12 Chemistry Books

Let us look at ISC Class 12 Chemistry books:

S.No. Names of Reference Books for ICSE Class 12 Chemistry Author

1

ISC Nootan Chemistry Class 12

HC Srivastava

2

S Chand ISC Chemistry for Class 12

RD Madan and BS Bisht

3

Physical and Inorganic Chemistry

KL Chugh

4

Modern’s ABC Of Practical Chemistry For Class-12

S. Kiran, Kavya

5

The Language of Chemistry or Chemical Equations

G.D. Tuli & P.L. Soni

ISC Class 12 Biology Books

Let us look at ISC Class 12 Biology books:

S.No Book Name Author

1

S. Chand A Textbook of ISC Biology Class 12

Sarita Aggarwal

2

Nootan ISC Biology Class 12

VK Singh and DK Jain

3

Modern’s ABC Of Practical Biology For Class-12

V.K. Khosla, Kanta Khosla

ISC Class 12 Exam Counselling

Exam counselling

Let us look at important aspects of counselling:

ISC Class 12 Parent/Guardian Counselling

The importance of counselling cannot be overstated. Parents require expert assistance to handle issues and worries about their child's condition. As a result of delayed milestones, developmental anomalies, and impairments in their children, parents and caregivers endure considerable difficulties such as impatience, stress, concern, and sadness.

This long-term influence affects parents' perceptions of their social and emotional well-being, as well as significant changes in family connections that rip families apart. Parents are offered assistance in understanding the nature of developmental delay/intellectual disability to enhance the child's balanced growth in a home setting.

Parent counselling focuses on encouraging positive behaviour, managing negative behaviour, and understanding their children's emotional needs. One or both parents can do this. Parent counselling gives parents the support, skills, and knowledge they need to deal with various issues that affect their children. Shortly, parents should be more aware of their children's potential work opportunities.

 

ISC Class 12 Exam 2022: Important Dates

About Exam

The Term 2 results of Class 12 ISC boards is declared on July 24, 2022. Given below is the detailed information on the ISC exam dates. 

Events Dates

ISC Exam Events

April 26 to June 13, 2022

Release of ISC 2022 Timetable

March 3, 2022

Release of ISC 12th Admit Card

April, 2022

ISC Exams Begin

April 26, 2022

ISC 12th Exams End

June 13, 2022

Declaration of ISC 12th Result

July 24, 2022

Conduct of ISC Compartment/Improvement Exams 2022

August 2022

ISC Class 12 Application Form

Regular students must fill out the examination form as instructed by their respective schools in order to apply for ISC Class 12 exams 2022-23.

Private candidates have to submit the application form, the prescribed fee and three passport-sized photographs to the regional officer of ISC of the state/UT they reside in.

Given below are the list of documents that are needed to fill the ISC Class 12 application form 2022-23:

  • Email ID
  • Aadhaar number or ID proof
  • Caste category certificate
  • Contact number
  • Photo in JPEG format
  • Address
  • Signature

ISC Class 12 Admit Card 2022

Admit Card

Below we have provided the details related to ISC Class 12 admit card:

How to Download the ISC Admit Card?

Students can download ISC admit card by following the steps below:

  • 1st Step: Visit the official website of the ISC Board, cisce.org/Default.aspx.
  • 2nd Step: Under the ‘News’ section, look for the notification regarding the admit card.
  • 3rd Step: On the notification, there will be further instructions for the students to determine whether they need to visit their respective school authorities to obtain their admit cards, or download them themselves using their registration information. If they need to visit their school authorities, they will have to follow the instructions.
  • 4th Step: On acquiring the admit make sure to verify the details mentioned on the admit card.
  • 5th Step: Keep a copy of the admit card for future references. Do not forget to carry it on the day of the examination.

Details Mentioned on ISC Admit Card

The details mentioned on ISC Class 12 admit card are as follows:

  • Name of the Candidate 
  • Exam Centre 
  • Subject Names
  • Subject Codes
  • Unique Index Number
  • Photo of the Candidate
  • Signature of the Candidate
  • Signature of the Head of the School and the Secretary
  • ISC Admit Card 2022- Detail Verification and Error Correction

Once students have received the ISC 12th admit card 2022, they are advised to verify each detail printed on it. If any errors are found in these entries, they must be brought to the notice of the school, followed by the CISCE exam authorities for correction. 

It is worth noting that any errors in the admit card must be corrected as they can affect the student’s exams. The school authorities can help get the student’s details verified with the CISCE records with those printed on the admit card.

ISC 12th Admit Card- Error Correction Window

The candidate can contact the school authorities if the details on the admit card are incorrect. It is their responsibility to resolve the issue.

There would be a limited time period for the students to rectify the errors. So they must check the details on the admit card as soon as they receive it and contact the school authorities immediately if any error is present. The error correction window dates are put up on the website.

 

ISC Class 12 Exam Results 2022

Exam Result

The ISC Class 12 Semester 2 results is released on July 24, 2022. Students can check their ISC Class 12 Semester 2 result by sending an SMS on their phones too, apart from checking them online. The original scorecard will be available in the respective schools after one month from the declaration of results.

However, the e-scorecard will be valid for further admissions after being attested by the school or any gazetted officers. Below we have provided a brief overview of the ISC Class 12 results: 

Exam Name Indian School Certificate (ISC)

Release of Date sheet

March 3, 2022

Commencement of Exam

April 26, 2022

ISC Result date

July 24, 2022 

Official website

cisce.org

Mode of result

online

Students can check their ISC Result 2022 using their course code, candidate UID, and index number. Let’s see the result statistics for the last year:

Particulars Details

Total schools

1125

Total students

88,409

Total passed

85,611

Unsuccessful students

2,798

Total boys appeared

47,429 (53.65 %)

Total girls appeared

40,980 (46.35 %)

 

How To Check ISC Class 12 Results 2022?

Students can check their results via SMS, app or from the web portal. By following the steps mentioned below, students can check their results online:

  • Step 1: Open the official website of CISCE i.e. www.cisce.org.
  • Step 2: Students need to enter details like – the applicant’s UID, index number and course code.
  • Step 3: Click on the Show Result button.
  • Step 4: The Result page will be declared. Students can download and save it for future reference.

How To Check ISC Class 12 Result Through SMS?

By sending an SMS from their mobile, students can also check their results. The prescribed format for the SMS is mentioned below-

  • ISC (space) UID number
  • Send this SMS to: 09248082883

Students will receive an SMS containing the marks scored in each subject. They can calculate their percentage from these marks.

How To Check ISC Class 12 Result Through DigiLocker?

The Department of Electronics and Information Technology, Govt. of India introduced a DigiLocker facility for students to download their digital mark sheets. This feature was first launched in 2014. Since then, many students have used it. For students to download their digital mark sheets and certificates, they need to have a DigiLocker account. In order to open a Digi locker account, follow these steps.

  • Step 1: Open the official website www.digilocker.gov.in.
  • Step 2: Select the Education option.
  • Step 3: Select CISCE.
  • Step 4: Select the Class 12 mark sheet.
  • Step 5: If you don’t have a Digi locker account, select the Create New Account option.
  • Step 6: The student will not be an Adhar cardholder hence click on “create your account using mobile”.
  • Step 7: Enter the mobile number.
  • Step 8: An OTP will be received on the registered mobile number.
  • Step 9: Enter the OTP to generate Username & Password.

Details Mentioned on ISC Class 12 Marksheet

The following details are mentioned in the Class 12 mark sheet:

  • Name of the candidate
  • Mother’s name
  • Father’s name
  • Candidature’s enrollment number
  • Registration number of the applicant
  • Applicant’s date of birth
  • Grades achieved in the internals
  • Grades obtained in the final exams
  • Roll number
  • Percentage of marks scored
  • Qualifying status

ISC Revaluation of Result 2022 

Students who are not satisfied with their marks can opt for the option of re-evaluation of answer sheets. By following these steps students can apply for rechecking of answer booklets:

  • Step 1: Visit the official website of CISCE i.e. www.cisce.org.
  • Step 2: On the website homepage, select the Services option, present in the top right corner.
  • Step 3: Click on the link stating “click here to apply for a recheck.”
  • Step 4: A new popup will open, click on the option stating “click here to register”.
  • Step 5: In the new login window, students will mention their email id and password.
  • Step 6: After signing in, students will fill up all the required attributes.

The fee for rechecking is INR. 1000 per subject, which can be paid only via online mode. Students can apply for re-evaluation within 7 days of the result declaration.

ISC Class 12 Compartment Results 2022

Just like regular exam results, CISCE will release ISC Board 2022 Compartment results on its official website. Therefore, candidates can check their ISC compartmental results on the official website - cisce.org and also use the direct link updated on this page as soon as it is out. Below we have provided the steps to check the ISC Class 12 compartment results:

  • Step 1: Firstly, a candidate is required to visit the official website i.e. cisce.org.
  • Step 2: In the right-hand corner, find the “Results 2022” tab and click on it.
  • Step 3: Now select the “Course” from the drop-down menu for which you want to view the result.
  • Step 4: After selecting, enter the required credentials such as the unique ID, index number, and captcha.
  • Step 5: Once the details are filled in, click on the “Show Result” button.
  • Step 6: View and download the results for future reference.

Previous Years ICSE Class 12 Results

The table mentioned below shows the ISC result of previous years:

Year Appeared Overall Passing Percentage Girls Passing Percentage Boys Passing Percentage

2022

94,011 

99.76%

99.66%

99.86%

2020

2,07,902

99.33 %

99.68 %

99.04 %

2019

1,96,271

98.54 %

99.05 %

98.12 %

2018

1,84,000

98.55 %

98.95 %

98.14 %

2017

1,75,000

98.53 %

99.03 %

98.13 %

2016

1,58,883

98.02 %

97.78 %

97.3 %

FAQs on ISC Class 12 Exam 2022

Freaquently Asked Questions

Q.1: Where can I check my ICSE board exam results?
Ans: Students can check their results by using their Class 12 roll number or registration number in the link provided in this article.

Q.2: What is the syllabus for Class 12 ICSE?
Ans: ICSE Class 12 syllabus for the Science stream consists of subjects – Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, and English. Apart from these students have a choice for optional subjects.

Q.3: Is the ICSE syllabus the same as NCERT?
Ans: No. The ICSE syllabus is not the same as the CBSE syllabus.

Q.4: Is there a change in ICSE syllabus 2022?
Ans: Yes, the officials of ICSE have reduced ICSE syllabus for 2022 by up to 30% and introduced two-term board exams with different assessment schemes

Q.5: How should I start my preparation for Class 12?
Ans: Start with the topics that you are comfortable with. Take your preparation level from easy to moderate, moderate to difficult.

ISC Class 12 Exam 2022: Future Exams

Similar

After completing Class 12 a student can appear for the following exams:

Stream Exam

Engineering

  1. Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main
  2. JEE Advanced
  3. Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) entrance exam
  4. COMED-K
  5. IPU-CET (B. Tech)
  6. Manipal (B. Tech)
  7. VITEEE
  8. AMU (B. Tech)
  9. NDA Entrance with PCM (MPC)

Medical

  1. National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET)
  2. AIIMS
  3. JIPMER

Defence Services

  1. Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test
  2. Indian Navy B.Tech Entry Scheme
  3. Indian Army Technical Entry Scheme (TES)
  4. National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (I)

Fashion and Design

  1. National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) Entrance Test
  2. National Institute of Design Admissions
  3. All India Entrance Examination for Design (AIEED)
  4. Symbiosis Institute of Design Exam
  5. Footwear Design and Development Institute
  6. Maeer’s MIT Institute of Design
  7. National Institute of Fashion Design
  8. National Aptitude Test in Architecture
  9. Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT)

Social Sciences

  1. Banaras Hindu University
  2. IIT Madras Humanities and Social Sciences Entrance Examination (HSEE)
  3. TISS Bachelors Admission Test (TISS-BAT)

Law

  1. Common-Law Admission Test
  2. All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)

Science

  1. Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY)
  2. National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)

Mathematics

  1. Indian Statistical Institute Admission
  2. Admissions to Universities
  3. Various B.Sc Programs
  4. Banasthali Vidyapith Admission

ISC Class 12 Practical Knowledge/Career Goals

Prediction

Some of the practical knowledge/career goals that an ISC Class 12 student's should acquire are listed below:

Future Skills

It is feasible to enhance one's ability to manage one's own affairs. If you have the expertise stated below, you can succeed in an automated or technical environment.

According to estimates, by 2025, the total number of connected devices will reach 75 billion. As a result, engineers, developers, and other IoT experts are in high demand. To design and maintain IoT infrastructure at scale, these individuals will need a varied set of skills at all levels of the technology stack.

  • Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
  • Node.js Development
  • Mobile App Development
  • API Automation and Testing
  • Information Security
  • UI/UX Design
  • Cloud Computing

Career Skills

Class 12, as we all know, is the most crucial part of a person's life as well as a life-changing event. As a result, you should develop the skills indicated below while studying the subjects in order to improve your CV or resume, which you will send to your preferred organization in the future. Class 12 students can learn so many things. Some of them are listed below:

  • Communication skills
  • Resume writing
  • Development of interpersonal skills
  • Building personality
  • Basic computer operations
  • Creativity
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Critical thinking
  • Problem Solving
  • Public Speaking
  • Teamwork skills
  • Communication

ISC Class 12: Career Prospects

We have various streams to choose from after class 12. Based on the interest of the student, they can choose from these common courses or find an alternate path suitable for them:

  • Engineering 
  • Medical
  • Diploma courses
  • Degree courses
  • Defence and other Govt exams (S.S.C, IB etc.)
  • Agriculture and law
  • Fashion design

It is feasible to enhance one's ability to manage one's own affairs. If you have the expertise stated below, you can succeed in an automated or technical environment.

What after ISC Class 12?

Discussed below are options that can be pursued post ISC Class 12:

ISC Class 12 Career Prospects

Admissions to colleges and universities will commence after the Class 12 results are released. Students are looking for the greatest courses following class 12 at this time. Students want good assistance in terms of eligibility, admissions procedures, scope, and other considerations in order to select the ideal course after 12th grade. They should also examine their interests when choosing a course after the 12th grade. After 12th Science, the most common courses are B.Tech, B.E., B.Sc., MBBS, and BDS. Students can enrol in B.Com, BBA, and a variety of other commerce courses. Apart from this, all stream students can enrol in a variety of UG programmes following Class 12.

Some kids are also embroiled in a battle with their parents over whether or not they should follow the courses of their choice after the 12th grade. Parents, on the other hand, want their children to pursue a career path that they have chosen for them. In light of this, we've compiled a list of high-paying courses available after 12th grade in a variety of fields, including science, commerce, and the arts.

Stream-wise Courses after Class 12

  • PCM courses (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics)
  • PCB courses (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology)

Students and parents can look through the list of these courses to find the one that best fits their needs. Undergraduate, diploma and certificate courses are included in this list of courses available after completing 12th grade. Read on to learn more about the finest courses after 12th grade per stream, including their duration, eligibility, pricing, and estimated beginning pay.

Courses After 12th PCM

After 12th grade, students studying Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics often pursue engineering and fundamental sciences courses. Apart from that, PCM students can enrol in most commerce and arts courses. Following are some main subjects that can be taken after the 12th PCM for lucrative opportunities.

List of Courses after Class 12th PCM

Courses & Duration Eligibility Admission Procedure Starting Salary

Bachelor in Technology/Engineering - 4 years (Computer Science, Mechanical, Electronics and Tele-Communication, Electrical, Civil, Information Technology)

12th Science PCM with high percentile

National Level and State level entrance tests such as JEE-Main, GATE, UPSEE, BITSAT.

2.5 lakh - 3 lakh PA

Bachelor of Science (B. Sc.) - 3 years

12th Science PCM with minimum 55 per cent marks

Merit-based admission, some institutes conduct entrance exams.

2.5 lakh - 3.5 lakh PA

NDA to join National Defence Services - Indian Navy Officer, Indian Air Force

12th PCM, unmarried Indian citizens.

Crack UPSC NDA exam followed by a medical exam.

39,000 - 80,000 per month

Bachelor of Architecture ( B.Arch.) - 5 years

12th Science PCM with high percentile

National Level and State level entrance tests such as IIT-JEE, GATE, UPSEE, BITSAT.

2.5 lakh - 4.5 lakh PA

Merchant Navy

B.Sc. Nautical Science - 3 years

B.E. (Marine Engineering, Naval Architecture and Offshore Engineering, Harbour and Ocean Engineering) - 4 years

12th Science PCM with high percentile

Qualified All India Merchant Navy Entrance Test (AIMNET) and required the vision (eyesight) and health standards.

12,000 - 8 lakhs per month

Railway Apprentice Exam (Training of 4 years after selection. Further, candidates take up leadership positions in the Indian Railways as Class 1 officers)

12th Science PCM with at least 60% marks

Candidates will have to qualify the written test followed by an interview test to get selected

9,300 - 34,800 with Grade pay of 4200/

Pilot (Indian Flying schools provide CPL programs with a duration as long as 2–3 years.

It takes 18–24 months to get the Commercial Pilot licence after acquiring a flying experience of at least 200 hours.)

Class XII with a minimum of 50 per cent marks in Maths and Physics.

At least the age of 16 years to be eligible for a Student Pilot Licence.

17 for a Private Pilot Licence.

18 for a Commercial Pilot Licence.

Apply for FAA Medical Certificate, then apply for FAA Student Pilot Certificate

Start Flight Training Lessons and Pass Private Pilot Knowledge Test then Pass Private Pilot Practical Exam.

3 lakh - 8 lakh per month

Courses After 12th PCB

The majority of students select PCB to pursue a career as a doctor or pharmacist, hence they pursue MBBS, BDS, and Pharmacy degrees. They can, however, dodge the competition by studying homoeopathy, basic science, or physiotherapy.

List of Courses after Class 12th PCB

Courses Eligibility Admission Procedure Starting Salary**

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) - 5.5 years

10+2 with minimum 50% marks in PCB

Through NEET Entrance exam

35,000 - 80,000 per month

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) - 4 years

10+2 with min. 50% marks in PCB + English as a compulsory subject

Through NEET Entrance exam

15,000 - 30,000 per month

B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science)

Botany/Zoology/Chemistry

Nutrition and Dietetics

Biochemistry - 3 years

10+2 with the subjects PCB or PCM

Merit-based admission

(Some colleges conduct entrance test)

2.5 lakh - 4 lakh PA

BHMS (Bachelor of Homoeopathy Medicine and Surgery) -5.5 years

10+2 with a minimum of 50% in PCB and English as a mandatory subject

NEET, TS EAMCET, AP EAMCET

25,000 - 35,000 per month

B. Pharmacy - 4 years

10+2 with subjects PCB (50% or above marks)

Through entrance tests (Direct admissions in some universities)

10,000 - 18,000 per month

BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy) - 4 years

10+2 with at least 50% marks in PCB +English as compulsory subjects

Through entrance exam

15,000 - 30,000 per month

BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine Surgery) -5.5 years

10+2 with minimum 50% marks (40%for SC/ST) in PCB with English as a compulsory subject

Entrance exam + Group discussion + Personal interview

15,000 - 20,000 per month

BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) - 5.5 years

10+2 with PCB (minimum 50%)

NEET entrance exam

12,000 - 15,000 per month

Bioinformatics - 3 years

10+2 with PCB with min. 50% marks

Entrance tests followed by an interview

2 lakh - 3 lakh PA

Genetics - 3 years

10+2 with Science stream

Direct admission

Entrance exam in few institutes

3.5 lakh - 5 lakh PA

Microbiology - 3 years

10+2 with Science (minimum 55% marks)

Direct admission

(Some universities conduct entrance exam)

10,000 - 20,000 per month

Forensic Sciences - 3 years

10+2 with Science stream

Entrance tests

3 lakh - 4 lakh PA

Biotechnology

(B.Sc. - 3 years, B.Tech - 4 years)

Min. 55% marks in 12th in any three out of Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Maths or Computer Science subjects

Entrance tests

25,000 - 28,000 per month

Environmental Science - 3 years

10+2

Direct admissions

Some colleges conduct entrance exams

3 lakh - 5 lakh PA

Nursing - 4 years

10+2 with PCB as compulsory subjects

Entrance exams

2 lakh - 2.8 lakh PA

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