The Central Board of Secondary Education- (CBSE) administrates the CBSE Class 11 exam every year. The board has decided to conduct the Class 11 exams in two terms, i.e. term 1 and term 2, due to the Covid-19 outbreak. The CBSE term 1 exam was conducted in the month of November-December 2021. The term 2 examinations for Class 11 was conducted in March- April 2022. The dates varies as the schools conduct the exams internally.
The goal of the CBSE Board is to test students on various skills that help them build self-concept, sense of courage, aesthetic awareness, and integrity learnt during their school year. CBSE recommends NCERT textbooks for all CBSE-affiliated schools. Class 11 is a crucial year for students to prepare for their upcoming year. Students can find the CBSE Class 11 exam date 2022, syllabus, exam timetable, and study plan for CBSE Class 11 2022.
CBSE Class 11 Exam Brochure
Find all the details like exam pattern, notification, exam dates, etc. for CBSE Class 11 in the official brochure.
CBSE Class 11 Exam Summary 2022
CBSE Class 11 Exam is overseen by the Central Board of Education (CBSE) in accordance with the rules of the Ministry of Education. CBSE affiliated schools need to follow the prescribed CBSE Class 11 syllabus 2021-22. Class 11 Syllabus 2021-22 will not just help students organize better for their Class 11 exams but also help them prepare themselves for competitive exams like NEET, JEE Main, etc.
The CBSE Class 11 Board exam will be conducted in 2 terms, i.e. Term 1 and Term 2. The Term 1 exams have already been conducted, and the results will be announced soon by the board. The CBSE 11th exam date for 2022 Term 2 exams is April-May.
The annual exams for the 11th grade will be held in April 2022. The Class 11 Exam date sheet will soon be announced on the official website
The deadline for completing the registration process for CBSE Class 11 Exam 2022 was extended till January 6, 2022.
CBSE Class 11 Exam Calendar 2022
CBSE Class 11 term 2 exams 2022 will be conducted in April 2022 (Tentatively). Students can refer to the tentative date sheet below and start their exam preparation.
Accountancy Physics Geography
Business Studies Chemistry History
Biology Economics Political Science Sociology
Hindi Information Practice Computer Science
CBSE Class 11 Syllabus 2022
The CBSE 11th syllabus provides students with comprehensive information about the major portions and units of each topic. Students must ensure that they are familiar with all of the exam's chapters and concepts. Furthermore, they should gain a better understanding of key chapters in order to obtain good scores. Below we have provided the subjects that students will have to study in CBSE Class 11 according to the streams they choose.
CBSE Class 11 Mathematics Syllabus
Detailed Class 11 Maths Term 1 Syllabus
Unit-I: Sets and Functions
1. Sets and their representations. Empty set. Finite and Infinite sets. Equal sets. Subsets of a set of real numbers especially intervals (with notations). Power set. Universal set. Venn diagrams. Union and The intersection of sets.
2. Relations & Functions
Ordered pairs. Cartesian product of sets. A number of elements in the Cartesian product of two finite sets.
Cartesian product of the set of reals with itself ( R x R only).Definition of relation, pictorial diagrams, domain, co-domain and range of a relation. Function as a special type of relation. Pictorial representation of a function, domain, co-domain and range of a function. Real valued functions, domain and range of these functions, constant, identity, polynomial, rational, modulus, signum, exponential, logarithmic and greatest integer functions, with their graphs.
1. Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
Need for complex numbers, especially√−1, is motivated by the inability to solve some of the quadratic equations. Algebraic properties of complex numbers. Argand plane. Statement of Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, solution of quadratic equations (with real coefficients) in the complex number system.
2. Sequence and Series
Sequence and Series. Arithmetic Progression (A. P.). Arithmetic Mean (A.M.) Geometric Progression (G.P.), general term of a G.P., sum of n terms of a G.P., infinite G.P. and its sum, geometric mean (G.M.), relation between A.M. and G.M.
Unit-III: Coordinate Geometry
1. Straight Lines
Brief recall of two-dimensional geometry from earlier classes. The slope of a line and angle between two lines.
Various forms of equations of a line: parallel to axis, point-slope form, slope-intercept form, two-point form, intercept form and normal form. General equation of a line. Distance of a point from a line.
The intuitive idea of limit. Limits of polynomials and rational functions, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.
Unit-V: Statistics and Probability
Measures of Dispersion: Range, mean deviation, variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data.
Unit-I: Sets and Functions
1. Trigonometric Functions
Positive and negative angles. Measuring angles in radians and in degrees and conversion from one measure to another. Definition of trigonometric functions with the help of unit circle. Truth of the identity sin2x + cos2x = 1, for all x. Signs of trigonometric functions. Domain and range of trigonometric functions and their graphs. Expressing sin (x±y) and cos (x±y) in terms of sinx, siny, cosx & cosy and their simple applications.
1. Linear Inequalities
Linear inequalities. Algebraic solutions of linear inequalities in one variable and their representation on the number line. Graphical solution of linear inequalities in two variables. Graphical method of finding a solution to a system of linear inequalities in two variables.
2. Permutations and Combinations
The fundamental principle of counting. Factorial n. (n!) Permutations and combinations, the formula for nPr and nCr, simple applications.
Unit-III: Coordinate Geometry
1. Conic Sections
Sections of a cone: circles, ellipse, parabola, hyperbola. Standard equations and simple properties of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Standard equation of a circle.
2. Introduction to Three-dimensional Geometry
Coordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensions. Coordinates a point. Distance between two points and section formula.
Derivative is introduced as a rate of change both as that of distance function and geometrically. Definition of Derivative, relate it to the slope of the tangent of the curve, a derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of functions. Derivatives of polynomial and trigonometric functions.
Unit-V: Statistics and Probability
Random experiments; outcomes, sample spaces (set representation). Events; occurrence of events, ‘not’, ‘and’ and ‘or’ events, exhaustive events, mutually exclusive events, Probability of an event, probability of ‘not’, ‘and’ and ‘or’ events.
CBSE Class 11 English Syllabus
Section A –
Unseen passage (factual, descriptive or literary/ discursive or persuasive)
Case-Based Unseen (Factual) Passage
Section B –
Creative Writing Skills and Grammar
Short Writing Tasks
Long Writing Tasks
Business or Official Letters (Making enquiries, registering complaints, asking for or giving information, placing orders and sending replies)Speech
Re-ordering of Sentences
(MCQs on Gap filling/ Transformation of Sentences)
Section C –
Literary-prose/poetry extracts (seen- texts) comprehension and appreciation. (Two Extracts)
Questions based on texts to assess comprehension and appreciation, analysis, inference, extrapolation
Section A –
Unseen passage (factual, descriptive or literary/ discursive or persuasive)
Unseen passage for Note Making and Summarizing
Section – B
Creative Writing Skills and Grammar
Short Writing Tasks
Long Writing Tasks
Official Letters: e.g. to school/college authorities (regarding admissions, school issues, requirements/ suitability of courses)
Re-ordering of Sentences
(MCQs on Gap filling/ transformation of sentences)
Section – C
Questions based on extracts/texts to assess comprehension and appreciation, analysis, inference, extrapolation
CBSE Class 11 Biology Syllabus
Term – I
Unit-I Diversity of Living Organisms
Chapter-1: The Living World What is living? Biodiversity; Need for classification; Three domains of life; the concept of species and taxonomic hierarchy; binomial nomenclature.
Chapter-2: Biological Classification Five kingdom classification; Salient features and classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens, Viruses and Viroids.
Chapter-3: the Plant Kingdom Salient features and classification of plants into major groups - Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. (salient and distinguishing features and a few examples of each category).
Chapter-4: Animal Kingdom Salient features and classification of animals, non-chordates up to phyla level and chordates up to class level (salient features and distinguishing features of a few examples of each category). (No live animals or specimens should be displayed.)
Unit-II Structural Organization in Animals and Plants
Chapter-5: Morphology of Flowering Plants Morphology of inflorescence and flower, Description of 01 families: Solanaceae or Liliaceae (to be dealt with along with the relevant experiments of the Practical Syllabus).
Chapter-7: Structural Organization in Animals Animal tissues.
Unit-III Cell: Structure and Function
Chapter-8: Cell-The Unit of Life Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life, structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Plant cell and animal cell; cell envelope; cell membrane, cell wall; cell organelles - structure and function; endomembrane system, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles, mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); nucleus.
Chapter-9: Biomolecules Chemical constituents of living cells: biomolecules, structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes- types, properties, enzyme action.
Unit-IV Plant Physiology
Chapter-13: Photosynthesis in Higher Plants Photosynthesis as a means of autotrophic nutrition; site of photosynthesis, pigments involved in photosynthesis (elementary idea); photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration; C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis.
Chapter-14: Respiration in Plants Exchange of gases; cellular respiration - glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); energy relations - number of ATP molecules generated; amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotient.
Chapter-15: Plant - Growth and Development Growth regulators - auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA.
Unit-V Human Physiology
Chapter-17: Breathing and Exchange of Gases Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans - exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, respiratory volume; disorders related to respiration - asthma, emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders.
Chapter-18: Body Fluids and Circulation Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; composition of lymph and its function; human circulatory system - Structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG; double circulation; regulation of cardiac activity; disorders of the circulatory system - hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure.
Chapter-19: Excretory Products and their Elimination Modes of excretion - ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; human excretory system – structure and function; urine formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function - renin - angiotensin, atrial natriuretic factor, ADH and diabetes insipidus; role of other organs in excretion; disorders - uremia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney, a kidney transplant.
Chapter-20: Locomotion and Movement - Skeletal muscle, contractile proteins and muscle contraction.
Chapter-21: Neural Control and Coordination - Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans - central nervous system; the peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; generation and conduction of nerve impulse.
Chapter-22: Chemical Coordination and Integration - Endocrine glands and hormones; human endocrine system - hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads; mechanism of hormone action (elementary idea); the role of hormones as messengers and regulators, hypo - and hyperactivity and related disorders; dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goitre, exophthalmic goitre, diabetes, Addison's disease.
Note: Diseases related to all the human physiological systems to be taught in brief.
General Introduction: Importance and scope of Chemistry. Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept and molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.
Unit 2: Structure of Atom
Bohr’s model and its limitations, the concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, the concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.
Unit 3: Classification of Elements And Periodicity in Properties
Modern periodic law and the present form of the periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements -atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, Ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100.
Unit 4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, the polar character of covalent bond, the covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, the geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, the concept of hybridization, involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules(qualitative idea only), Hydrogen bond.
Unit 5: Redox Reaction
Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions, in terms of loss and gain of electrons and change in oxidation number.
Unit 6: Hydrogen
Position of hydrogen in the periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, hydrides-ionic covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water, hydrogen as a fuel.
Unit 7: Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques
General introduction, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation. Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions, electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.
Unit 1: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, the role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charles law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behavior, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro’s number, ideal gas equation and deviation from ideal behavior.
Unit 2: Chemical Thermodynamics
Concepts of System and types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. The first law of thermodynamics -internal energy and enthalpy, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. The second law of Thermodynamics (brief introduction). Introduction of entropy as a state function, Gibb’s energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous processes. Third law of thermodynamics (brief introduction)
Chemistry Unit 3: Equilibrium
Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, the law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of polybasic acids, acid strength, the concept of pH, buffer solution, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples).
Unit 4: s-block Elements
Group 1 and Group 2 Elements General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens, uses.
Unit 5: Some p-block Elements
General Introduction to p -Block Elements
Group 13 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of the first element of the group, Boron – physical and chemical properties.
Group 14 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behavior of first elements. Carbon-catenation allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties.
Alkenes – Nomenclature, the structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
Alkynes – Nomenclature, the structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene. Carcinogenicity and toxicity.
Class 11 Physics Syllabus
Unit I: Physical World and Measurement
Chapter–1: Physics-scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society. (To be discussed as a part of the Introduction and integrated with other topics)
Chapter–2: Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures. Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
Unit II: Kinematics
Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line
Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane
Scalar and vector quantities; Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors, relative velocity, Unit vector; Resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector product of vectors. Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion, uniform circular motion.
Unit III: Laws of Motion
Chapter–5: Laws of Motion
Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion.(recapitulation only) Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road).
Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power
Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power
Work is done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power. The notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces: motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion
Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod. Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions. Moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).
Unit VI: Gravitation
Universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity (recapitulation only) and its variation with altitude and depth. Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite, Geo-stationary satellites.
Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes), the effect of gravity on fluid pressure. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter
Heat, temperature,( recapitulation only) thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat capacity. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation (recapitulation only), thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law, Stefan’s law, Greenhouse effect.
Unit VIII: Thermodynamics
Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics), heat, work and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes. The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes
Unit IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases
Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory
Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature; RMS speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, the law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; the concept of mean free path, Avogadro’s number.
Unit X: Oscillations and Waves
Periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period. Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.
Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of the travelling wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, Beats
As per the new guidelines for the year 2021-22, the subject and chapter-wise weightage is given below for CBSE Class 11. Please refer to the exam blueprint given below to prepare and score good marks in your exams:
Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion
CBSE Class 11 Physics Term 2 Blueprint
The CBSE Class 11 Physics Term 2 marks weightage is as follows:
Properties of Bulk Matter
Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids
Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter
Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases
Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory
Oscillations and Waves
CBSE Class 11 Mathematics Term 1 Blueprint
Sets and Functions
Statistics and Probability
CBSE Class 11 Mathematics Term 2 Blueprint
Sets and Functions (Cont.)
Coordinate Geometry (Cont.)
Statistics and Probability (Cont.)
CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Term 1 Blueprint
Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
Structure of Atom
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Organic Chemistry: Some basic Principles and Techniques
CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Term 2 Blueprint
States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
s -Block Elements
Some p -Block Elements
CBSE Class 11 Biology Blueprint
Diversity of Living Organisms
Structural Organization in Plants and Animals
Cell: Structure and Functions
Practicals: (30 marks)
One Major Experiment Part A (Experiment No- 1,3,7,8)
One Minor Experiment Part A (Experiment No- 6,9,10,11,12,13)
Slide Preparation Part A (Experiment No- 2,4,5)
Spotting Part B
Practical Record + Viva Voce
Project Record + Viva Voce
Practical/Experiments list & Model writeup
CBSE Class 11 Physics Experiments:
1. To measure diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body and to measure internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier Callipers and hence find its volume.
2. To measure diameter of a given wire and thickness of a given sheet using screw gauge.
3. To determine volume of an irregular lamina using screw gauge.
4. To determine the radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer.
5. To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam balance.
6. To find the weight of a given body using the parallelogram law of vectors.
7. Using a simple pendulum, plot its L-T2 graph and use it to find the effective length of second's pendulum.
8. To study variation of time period of a simple pendulum of a given length by taking bobs of same size but different masses and interpret the result.
9. To study the relationship between force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the co-efficiency of friction between a block and a horizontal surface.
10. To find the downward force, along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to the gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination θ by plotting a graph between force and sinθ.
Biology A: List of Experiments
1. Study and describe three locally available common flowering plants, one from each of the families Solanaceae, Fabaceae and Liliaceae (Poaceae, Asteraceae or Brassicaceae can be substituted in case of particular geographical location) including dissection and display of floral whorls, anther and ovary to show number of chambers (floral formulae and floral diagrams). Types of root (Tap and adventitious); types of stem (herbaceous and woody); leaf (arrangement, shape, venation, simple and compound).
2. Preparation and study of T.S. of dicot and monocot roots and stems (primary).
3. Study of osmosis by potato osmometer.
4. Study of plasmolysis in epidermal peels (e.g. Rhoeo/lily leaves or fleshy scale leaves of onion bulb). 5. Study of distribution of stomata in the upper and lower surfaces of leaves.
6. Comparative study of the rates of transpiration in the upper and lower surface of leaves.
7. Test for the presence of sugar, starch, proteins and fats in suitable plant and animal materials.
8. Separation of plant pigments through paper chromatography.
9. Study of the rate of respiration in flower buds/leaf tissue and germinating seeds.
10. Test for presence of urea in urine.
11. Test for presence of sugar in urine.
12. Test for presence of albumin in urine.
13. Test for presence of bile salts in urine.
B. Careful observation of the following (spotting):
1. Parts of a compound microscope.
2. Specimens/slides/models and identification with reasons - Bacteria, Oscillatoria, Spirogyra, Rhizopus, mushroom, yeast, liverwort, moss, fern, pine, one monocotyledonous plant, one dicotyledonous plant and one lichen.
3. Virtual specimens/slides/models and identifying features of - Amoeba, Hydra, liver fluke, Ascaris, leech, earthworm, prawn, silkworm, honeybee, snail, starfish, shark, rohu, frog, lizard, pigeon and rabbit.
4. Tissues and diversity in shape and size of plant cells (palisade cells, guard cells, parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma, xylem and phloem) through temporary and permanent slides.
5. Tissues and diversity in shape and size of animal cells (squamous epithelium, smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscle fibers and mammalian blood smear) through temporary/permanent slides.
6. Mitosis in onion root tip cells and animal cells (grasshopper) from permanent slides.
7. Different modifications in roots, stems and leaves.
8. Different types of inflorescence (cymose and racemose).
9. Human skeleton and different types of joints with the help of virtual images/models only.
Scientific investigations involve laboratory testing and collecting information from other sources. A few suggested Projects are:
Checking the bacterial contamination in drinking water by testing sulphide ion
Study of the methods of purification of water
Testing the hardness, presence of Iron, Fluoride, Chloride, etc., depending upon the regional variation in drinking water and study of causes of the presence of these ions above the permissible limit (if any). Investigation of the foaming capacity of different washing soaps and the effect of addition of Sodium carbonate on it
Study the acidity of different samples of tea leaves.
Determination of the rate of evaporation of different liquids
Study the effect of acids and bases on the tensile strength of fibers.
Study of acidity of fruit and vegetable juices.
CBSE Class 11 Study Plan to Maximise Score
Preparation Tips for CBSE Class 11 Exam
1. Know the Exam Format
Do not forget to ask your teacher what to expect for the exam. Knowing the format will assist you to prepare well. If the exam is concentrated on multiple choices, you need to practice flashcards and know vocabulary, facts and dates. If the exam focuses more on essay-based questions, practice writing answers and points related to the topic you prepare about important topics that you simply have learned throughout the year./p>
2. Create a Study Plan
Having an idea of how you are getting to study is extremely important. confirm it’s realistic and one that you simply can commit yourself to. Take under consideration all of your exams, spending longer on those that are tougher or that you simply got to score higher on. Also, make sure to incorporate study breaks throughout your days and time for meals and sleep.
3. Utilise Study Material from Teachers
If you are given a study guide or practice exam or model papers, make certain to finish them throughout your studying time slots. Remember, teachers who made these study materials have also taught or guided many other students who wrote this exam.
Exam-taking Strategy for CBSE Class 11 Exam
Read the questions carefully. Do not overthink the straightforward questions, which will eat up some time. Wear a watch so you do not need to look for a punch in the space or be tempted to look at your phone. If you are done early, cover your answers and rework the issues to ascertain if you get an equivalent outcome.
CBSE Class 11 Detailed Study Plan
Class 11 and 12 are crucial years for a student. However, with the newly found freedom from joining the senior school, one tends to ignore their studies for a small amount and luxuriate in life. As a result, many students tend not to take Class 11 seriously until it is late. While enjoying life is vital to remain happy and healthy, there should be a balance between studies and entertainment as these years will decide how your future is going to be.
Students planning to become engineers and doctors cannot afford to not take Class 11 seriously. The category 11 syllabus for Physics, Chemistry, Maths, and Biology is included in popular engineering and medical entrance exams like JEE Main, JEE Advanced, BITSAT, NEET, and AIIMS. To crack these highly competitive exams, one must take CBSE class 11 preparation seriously. This text will give detailed information about CBSE Class 11 preparation, study plan, and tips for PCMB.
Physics, Chemistry, Maths, and Biology in class 11 are quite different from what you've studied in Class 10. The difference in the level of difficulty is vast. New chapters, concepts, and topics are added within the Class 11 syllabus, and every concept and topic is far more detailed. This means that to score well, one needs to have deeper knowledge. Also, compared to Class 10, Class 11 needs tons more knowledge of theories, formulas, visualizations, etc. Furthermore, questions asked within the exams are not direct anymore. So, one must prepare accordingly.
CBSE Class 11 Recommended Chapters
Students need to revise each and every chapter carefully for all subjects. Here are some of the important chapters that students can refer to while preparing for their Class 11 examinations.
Chemical bonding and Molecular structure
General principles of Organic Chemistry
Motion in a straight line & plane
Newton's laws of motion
Work, Energy & Power
System of particles & Rotational motion
Waves & oscillations
Permutations and combinations
Whole coordinate geometry including straight lines and conics and parabola
Relations and functions
Limits & derivatives and differentiation
Theory Base of Accounting
Recording of Transactions- I
Recording of Transactions- II
Trial Balance and Rectification of Errors
Financial Statements- I
Financial Statements- II
From the Beginning of Time
Writing and City Life
An Empire Across Three Continents
The Central Islamic Lands
The Three Orders
Changing Cultural Traditions
CBSE Class 11 Exam Counselling
The decision of selecting the proper career path after 11th and 12th is the toughest decision for any student. While making a career decision, students are always in a dilemma whether to enroll for courses by following herd mentality or taking the main popular courses or selecting a course as per what their parents force them to require or just following your friends and selecting that specific career path.
The majority of students choose courses without correctly evaluating their strengths, weaknesses and interests. The choice they once took out of peer pressure or, thanks to insufficient data, becomes the burden of their life. Hence, it's vital for any student to carefully settle on the stream for better career prospects in the future.
Instead of blindly selecting a career path, it's very important to be certain and assured about selecting the right path, Thus that's where we will assist you. It's time for college kids and specifically parents to understand that not every student is cut out for being a doctor, engineer or CA. rather than blindly selecting a career stream, it might be beneficial to satisfy a career counsellor who can guide you towards evaluating your abilities and supply career options that suit you.
CBSE Class 11 Exam Talks
Kunal Kumar from the 2020 batch in an interview said a few pointers that CBSE Class 11 students should follow:
Never take CBSE 11 lightly. And if you are preparing for JEE, please, focus on class 11 from day 1. Believe me; if you don't do it now, you will surely regret it in future.
Never underestimate yourself. No matter how hard the subject seems, you can not only understand it but master it. You just need a teacher with whom you can connect.
Set a goal. Work these two years to achieve it.
Apna dhyan sirf apne goal pe rakho, Arjun ki tarah. No distractions whatsoever.
Last but not the least, time is precious, do not waste it, it isn't going to return.
When the COVID-19 pandemic was at its peak, the government closed schools and colleges and preferred online classes. But the Delhi government had issued an order for conducting offline exams. Parents did not agree with the government and said things like:
“Take an online exam because for the whole year they (children) have studied online. Children need time to do this thing from the new session, not now.”
“CBSE, we want online exams. The school does not provide any transport facility. Parents are working, how will they send their children for exams? Please understand our situation.”
Later, exams were cancelled and the 2021 batch of CBSE 11 students were promoted directly to class 12.
CBSE Class 11 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Students preparing for CBSE Class 11 Term 2 Exam can find some of the frequently asked questions below:
Q1. Is class 11 very important? Ans. Class 11 is a crucial year for top school students because it's here that they set the bottom for all the important topics they're going to cover in their 12th exams. While writing their exams, it's important that students are conscious of class 11 important questions in order that they will prepare better for their final exams.
Q2. Is Class 11 Chemistry tough? Ans. Yes, it becomes tough if not studied in a proper manner, otherwise, it is the easiest subject.
Q3. Is Class 11 harder than Class 10? Ans. Class 11 is tougher than class 10 and more vast because the entire outlook is modified. The extent of difficulty also depends from student to student.
Q4. Is Class 11 Biology hard? Ans. Many students choose Biology thinking it's a simple and interesting subject. The syllabus of class 11 Biology is totally different from that of class 10. Students choosing Biology after passing the class 10 Board exam from CBSE often find it really difficult to deal with it initially.
Q5. Where can I find CBSE Class 11 chapter-wise mock tests? Ans. Embibe offers free mock tests for CBSE Class 11 students. It provides CBSE Class 11 mock tests. They are available, both subject and chapter-wise on the Embibe platform.
After class 11, one will enter life's major turning point, which is class 12. One should mainly concentrate on their goals and score good marks in their respective streams.
So, here we will provide the detailed coaching for the competitive exams that you need to face after class 12, especially one who wants to become a doctor or an engineer.
The important competitive exams that the student may appear in after class 12 is listed below:
CUCET for Science & Arts Streams
JEE Mains and advanced
NEET for doctor aspirants
What To Do After CBSE Class 11?
The detailed information about the senior school curriculum is provided in the link below. It consists of a selection of languages and elective subjects, and a detailed description of all the subjects is given.
As mentioned earlier, classes 11 and 12 are the most important section of life and also it is a life-changing step in one’s life. So, while studying the subjects one must learn the below-mentioned skills to boost one's CV or resume which you will provide in future to your dream company.