Student assessment is a critical aspect of the teaching and learning process. It enables teachers to measure the effectiveness of teaching with student performance to specific learning objectives. It is important to assess the performance because it provides feedback to what extent students are successfully meeting the course objectives. Here would discuss the assessment challenges for teachers, the opportunities and evaluation for these assessments.
The assessment process encourages teachers and curriculum planners to think like an assessor before designing specific chapters. It not only enables teachers to measure the effectiveness of their teaching process but also enhances teaching pedagogy in the classroom.
Challenges in Assessment Process
The assessment system is facing many challenges that need to be understood and addressed for better learning outcomes. The challenges can be related to the assessment of students, teachers, educational boards, technology, social and ethical issues. Each challenge in the assessment system needs to be analyzed properly.
The assessment is done based on the students’ educational experiences. There are internal and external assessment systems in school. The internal assessment is done by the in-house faculty and external assessment is carried out by faculty of educational boards. The assessment helps in sharing learning goals with others. It also helps to recognize the capability of the student.
The assessment system should be fair and strong in the school system. There are two types of assessment systems such as formative and summative. Formative is providing continuous feedback on the students’ performance whereas summative is to assess the student performance at the end. The assessment system somewhere loses the connection between the students, teachers, schools, families and communities. Here are a few challenges in the assessment process of the education system.
#1 Assessment Challenge – Grading
Teachers assess the performance of students based on their tests, exams, assignments and projects. It serves four major roles like evaluating the student work, communicating with students, helping in motivating students to focus and also involving in the course. It organizes to mark transitions and focus effort for both students and teachers. The challenges faced by the grading system are as follows.
- There is no way developed that a student can know their assessment process and grading technique.
- There is a lack of transparency in the assessment system.
- Classroom assessment techniques are rare.
- There is no flexibility in programme grading
#2 Assessment Challenge – Change in Examination Pattern
There are students who cannot perform well in their exams when the examination pattern changes. At the time of assessment, these students find it difficult to adjust with a new pattern and are confused to attempt the new form of questions. Sometimes students with low grades get demotivated with the assessment as it marks their performance compared to others.
#3 Assessment Challenge – Teachers Assessment Issues
There are many assessment tools developed to assess the knowledge of the student learned in the classroom. Teachers play a major role in assessing students for their performance. Assessments are based on their knowledge or performance in the classroom. Teachers are finishing the syllabus in a short time as they are loaded with administration works in schools. The assessment system is taking away the freedom and autonomy of the teacher.
The procedure followed by teachers to assess students needs to change. Earlier there was only one exam that used to be conducted for the students at the end of the year. But now, with the multiple exams and technological advancements, the concentration level of the student is reducing. There are multiple assessments in schools in the form of presentations, projects, group discussions, assignments and tests. The teachers themselves have to put in a lot of effort into preparing and planning for the assessments.
#4 Assessment Challenge – Technological Issues
Innovation in assessment is a delicate matter in the area of summative assessment which is heavily controlled and has consequences on students assessment. The authority is concerned about plagiarism and invigilation issues. There is difficulty in scalability and transfer problems when different departments have separate working practices and culture. Verification of user identity and security issues are also major challenges faced by the authority. The technical requirements should be met for assessment systems such as software, connectivity, security, accessibility etc.
#5 Assessment Challenge – Lack of Training
There is a lack of training for new strategies and the use of technology for the assessment. The education institutions sometimes lack proper training on assessment techniques, technology and methods that needs to be given to their teachers and examiners.
#6 Assessment Challenge – Cost of Investment
The assessment system requires a significant amount of investment to develop new technology. The investment will help in supporting and training. There are few tools that require a large number of investments and infrastructure. But authorities are sometimes reluctant to invest in these assessment systems. The investments are not only in terms of capital but time and workforce.
#7 Assessment Challenge – Lack of Policy
There are common policy challenges in governance and implementation of assessment systems. Policy development needs to ensure the involvement of different components of assessment framework such as school assessment, teacher appraisals, etc. The policy should contribute to securing effective links to classroom practices.
#8 Assessment Challenge – Administration Issue
The administration should be careful about maintaining the records of student information. Sometimes there is negligence in protecting the information on the assessment of students. It can create problems for students who have been assessed wrongly.
#9 Assessment Challenge – Social/Ethical Issue
The manipulation of information raises major social and ethical issues. Sometimes careless implementation of assessment can bring a negative impact on students who keep high expectations on the assessment for their performance in exams.
Way Forward in Assessment Challenge
The current methods are not providing meaningful feedback about student performance. There are important points that have to be addressed, as there is a need for assessment practices to enhance the learning outcomes. Proper recording and reporting of information concerning students should be done. The challenges highlighted should be considered and implemented for better practice. The assessment system is very important for their self growth and confidence. So, the right assessment should be given to students based on their hard work and performance in academics.
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