• Written By Manish Chandra Srivastava
  • Last Modified 16-08-2022

What Is Automotive Engineering? Eligibility, Top Colleges


Automotive Engineering: Automotive Engineering covers all the aspects of building and designing a vehicle. This branch of engineering is designed to benefit the vehicle manufacturing sector. Production, development, and maintenance – it covers all the aspects of any small or large vehicle. It applies mechanical, electronic, electrical, and computer science applications to build or maintain a vehicle of any size.

This branch of engineering is also referred to as Automobile Engineering, Vehicle Engineering, etc. People might get confused between Automotive Engineering and Automobile Engineering. Automotive Engineering has the main purpose of training students to design, manufacture, or repair any kind of small or large vehicle. Automobile Engineering is specifically based on cars or four-wheelers. Though, there is not much difference in the syllabus of both.

Check Out The List Of UG Engineering Entrance Exams In India

What Is Automotive Engineering?

In simple words, Automotive Engineering is an amalgamation of mechanical, electrical, and materials science. This field deals with designing and manufacturing of new vehicles and the development of new processes to improve existing technology. Engineers in this field design and test components of a vehicle, such as engines, fuel transmissions, brake systems, safety mechanisms, etc. They also use software and computer-aided design systems to create new designs of vehicles and other systems.

Automotive engineering is a challenging field. The candidates are required to have certain skills to become successful in this field. Some of the skills that an Automotive Engineer should possess are given below:

  1. Mathematical and problem-solving skills
  2. Sound understanding of machine design, mechanical systems, and manufacturing processes
  3. Good knowledge of electrical and electromechanical equipment and systems
  4. Data analyzing and interpretation skills
  5. Effective communicator and presenter
  6. Efficient planner

What Does An Automotive Engineer Do?

Automotive Engineers perform various tasks and duties, some of which are given below:

  1. Design and create visual renditions of vehicles and their components using computer-aided design.
  2. Development of new designs for different mechanical and hydraulic units and systems.
  3. Construction of prototypes of parts, development of testing processes, and performing physical and virtual tests.
  4. Supervise and inspect mechanical systems installation, modification, and purchase in industries or factories.
  5. Check and rectify mechanical failures.
  6. Assist and provide support maintenance of machines and equipment.

Automotive Engineering Course Details

Some private universities or autonomous colleges in India have separated Automotive Engineering as a specialization of degree courses. Just like any other engineering course, this branch also has four levels of learning:

  1. B.E/B.Tech: To be eligible for a graduate-level course, it is necessary to have at least 50% in 10+2 with a PCM background. Also, to get admission to the top Indian colleges, it is mandatory to crack JEE with a good rank. There are some entrance exams and state entrance exams, so you can take admission to a good college.
  2. ME/M.tech: A certified graduate degree from a government-recognized university or institute is important for admission in a postgraduation course. Currently, no tier-1 college is offering this course in India. However, there are some good colleges that take admissions on the basis of their own entrance exams or GATE.
  3. Ph.D. Courses: For admission in a doctorate level course for Automotive Engineering, it is mandatory to possess a postgraduation degree in the same discipline. The duration of the courses can vary from 6 months to 5 years.
  4. Diploma Courses: The duration of Diploma in Automotive Engineering is about 6-36 months. A student must have a PCM background in 10+2 to become eligible for a diploma course.

Specializations of Automotive Engineering in India

  1. Vehicle Designing and Constructing
  2. Fuel Mechanism
  3. Hybrid and Electric Technology
  4. Automotive Material and Component Testing

Note: The above data is taken from the official website of Chitkara University. It can be varied as per the syllabus different universities or institutes follow.

Automotive Engineering Eligibility Criteria

Given below are the general eligibility criteria to pursue a petroleum engineering program at the UG and PG level:

UndergraduatePassed Class 12 exam from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects. Minimum 60% marks.
PostgraduateB.Tech degree in the same specialization with minimum CPI of 6.5 or 60% of marks or First Class in the qualifying degree.
Minimum qualifying marks in GATE ME.

Check engineering courses available in India

Subjects & Topics In Automotive Engineering

Syllabus of Automotive Engineering is a blend of both practicals and theories. Just like all branches of engineering, the first 2 semesters will follow the same syllabus as others. Changes in the syllabus will be visible from the second year of the curriculum.

Some subjects/topics which are taught at the UG level are listed below:

  1. Strength of materials.
  2. Fluid Mechanics and Machinery.
  3. Engineering Thermodynamics.
  4. Manufacturing Methods.
  5. Strength of Materials Laboratory.
  6. Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Laboratory.
  7. Manufacturing process Laboratory.
  8. Engineering Analysis and Numerical Methods.
  9. Heat Transfer and Compulsion.
  10. Automotive Petrol Engines.
  11. Theory of Machines.
  12. Design of Machine Elements.
  13. Measurements and Instrumentation.
  14. Thermal Engineering Technology.
  15. Measurements and Instrumentation Laboratory.
  16. Design of Mechanical Systems.
  17. Automotive Diesel Engines.
  18. Material Science and Technology.
  19. Power Units and Transmission.
  20. Automotive Chassis.
  21. Design Practice.
  22. Engine Components Laboratory.
  23. Chassis Components Laboratory.
  24. Automotive Electrical Systems and Electronics.
  25. Vehicle Body Engineering.
  26. Two and Three Wheelers.
  27. Automotive Pollution and Control.
  28. Quality Control and Reliability Engineering.
  29. Vehicle Dynamics.
  30. Operations Research and Industrial Management.
  31. Ethics in Engineering Profession.
  32. Engineering Economy and Financial Management.
  33. Auto Scanning and Vehicle Testing Laboratory.

Some subjects/topics which are taught at the PG level are listed below:

  1. Applied Engineering Mathematics
  2. Automotive Materials
  3. Vehicle Engine Technology
  4. Instrumentation and Automotive Electronics
  5. Automotive Chassis Systems
  6. Vehicle Dynamics
  7. Computational Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer
  8. Finite Element Methods and Analysis
  9. Noise, Vibration, and Harshness
  10. Automotive Fuels and Emission
  11. Automotive Safety and Lighting
  12. Computer-Aided Design Laboratory
  13. Advanced Vibration Engineering
  14. Soft Skills
  15. Product Design and Life Cycle Management
  16. Tribology
  17. Automotive Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
  18. Vehicle Body Engineering
  19. Vehicle Aerodynamics
  20. Automotive Power Transmission Systems
  21. Mechatronics and Robotics
  22. Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Auto Components
  23. Vehicular Maintenance and Diagnostics
  24. Modeling, Simulation, and Analysis of Engineering Systems
  25. Auto-Tronics and Vehicle Intelligence

Note: Subjects/topics mentioned above are taken from the official syllabus of VITU, Chennai (UG subjects) and West Bengal University (PG subjects). These can vary as per the syllabus of various universities or colleges.

How Do You Become A Automotive Engineer?

You can become an automotive engineer by taking the below lists of the top engineering entrance exams in India is provided underneath:

ExamConducted by
JEE MainNational Testing Agency (NTA)
BITSATBirla Institute of Technology and Science
VITEEEVIT University
KIITEEKalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT)
COMEDK UGETThe Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka
MU-OET Manipal University

Top Colleges For Automotive Engineering

Given below is a list of some of the best colleges for Automotive Engineering:

  1. Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
  2. Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal
  3. Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
  4. College of Engineering, Pune
  5. Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
  6. Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar
  7. Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  8. NC College of Engineering, Panipat
  9. CIT, Coimbatore
  10. Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar

Note: Some of the colleges mentioned above do not offer Automotive Engineering as a separate specialization of B.Tech. You will have to choose Automobile engineering as a specialization under Mechanical Engineering.

Check top best engineering colleges in India

Fee Structure For Automotive Engineering

A general fee structure for UG courses in Automotive Engineering (in India) is tabulated below:

CollegesFee (in INR)
Government/Public6,000 (minimum)
4.63 L (average)
16.26 L (maximum)
Private40,000 (minimum)
4.30 L (average)
16.26 L (maximum)

A general fee structure for PG courses in Automotive Engineering (in India) is tabulated below:

CollegesFee (in INR)
Government/Public80,000 (minimum)
2.31 L (average)
3.60 L (maximum)
Private83,500 (minimum)
1.86 L (average)
3.60 L (maximum)

Scope & Career Opportunities In Automotive Engineering

Generally, Automotive Engineers get hired for the production or manufacturing section. Almost 90% of the Indian companies hire Automotive Engineers to design and contribute to the construction of vehicles like cars, bikes, trucks, etc. Though India has a large manufacturing sector, the competition for Automotive Engineers in India is too high. The reason for this competition is that mechanical engineering is also a separate branch of engineering which covers almost the same syllabus. Most of the companies prefer mechanical engineers. The domestic vehicle manufacturing sector of India has been steadily increasing in the last few years. An entry-level engineer can earn up to INR 25K/ month- INR 50K/ month in India.

If you’re interested in this sector, this field is made for you. Indian automotive industry is dynamic; nothing is predictable. You can either be a part of the team which initiates the construction of a vehicle or can be a salesman for the same. Mainly you will be getting hired for some levels like research and development, manufacturing or sales and marketing. However, you might get a limited job role where you will be designing and researching on the vehicles to invent new tech or a unique vehicle.

Top Recruiters For Automotive Engineering Students in India

Some of the companies/institutes that recruit Automotive Engineering graduates are:

  1. Bajaj Auto Ltd.
  2. Eicher Motors Ltd.
  3. Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.
  4. Hinduja Group Ltd.
  5. Hero MotoCorp Ltd.
  6. TVS Motor Company Ltd.
  7. Avon Cycles Ltd.
  8. Tractors and Farm Equipment Ltd (TAFE)
  9. SML Isuzu Ltd.

Given below is a list of companies that hire Automotive Engineers in India along with the average salary package offered:

RecruitersAverage Package (in INR)
TATA Motors6,39,000
Ashok Leyland6,17,000
Haldex India5,00,000
Maruti Suzuki5,60,000

Note: Details given above are taken from various websites like Quora and Payscale. Embibe doesn’t guarantee any packages mentioned above in any condition.

A bar chart depicting some of the major job positions and the average annual salary for each position is given below:

What Is Automotive Engineering

FAQs On Automotive Engineering

Some of the frequently asked questions on Automotive Engineering are as follows:

Q1. What is the difference between Automobile Engineering and Automotive Engineering?

A1. Automobile Engineering has limited coverage of its area. It is based on mechanical activities related to cars or four-wheelers only. On the other hand, Automotive Engineering is about all kinds of vehicles. Here you can learn about the parts of motorbikes or about constructing a truck. Although, both are a part of mechanical engineering.

Q2. As an Automotive engineer, can I join Indian Defence Force?

A2. For an Automobile Engineer, the Indian Air Force has technical posts to offer. There are many other competitive exams as well. You can qualify any one of those to get admissions as per the qualifications you possess.

Q3. Is theoretical knowledge enough to be an Automotive Engineer?

A3. Theoretical knowledge is never enough for any field. To become a good Automotive Engineer, it is necessary to use your skills and knowledge on the actual things. Even if you do not build something successfully at first, you will get the experience and you will know about the weaknesses you need to work upon.

Automotive Engineering is a fast-growing and dynamic sector. It is necessary to be dedicated to the goal you have chosen for yourself. Getting a good salary in this sector is not easy. A candidate must be patient and gain the required experience. Practice well and you are all set to take the challenge.

At Embibe, you can find unlimited questions of various difficulty levels as well as detailed solutions. Take JEE Main Mock Tests for free and test the level of your preparation. There are also innumerable free JEE Main Practice Questions available on Embibe.

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