• Written By Anjali Choudhury
  • Last Modified 26-04-2022

CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper 2018: Download PDF


CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper 2018: Every student desires to score good marks in CBSE Class 10 board exams and searches for ways to improve their score. Solving the CBSE Class 10 Science sample papers can be an important part of the exam preparations. It helps students in revising the concepts before their Class 10 board examination.

After finishing the Science syllabus for Class 10, students start practicing the sample question papers to get a broader picture of the exam pattern. In this way, students get to know the difficulty level of the Class 10 board exam and the type of questions asked in the paper. Hence, we have included the CBSE Class 10 Science sample paper in this article.

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CBSE Class 10 Science Paper Pattern

Before we provide you with a direct link to download the Class 10 Science sample paper 2018, let’s know the paper pattern of the exam so that you get familiar with it. The CBSE Class 10 Science sample question paper is divided into five sections- A, B, C, D, and E.

Section A: Section A consists of 1 mark questions, and all the questions must be answered.

Section B: This section of the question paper consists of short answer type questions carrying two marks each. Therefore, all questions need to be appropriately answered.

Section C: Section C of the question paper carry three marks each and has nearly ten questions that students require to answer.

Section D: Section D will consist of six questions carrying five marks each. This section is essential as students can score well by answering all the questions.

Section E: Section E of the question paper consists of six short answer type questions and carries two marks each. These questions need to be answered in brief.

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CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper: Download Free PDF

Students should practice the CBSE Class 10 sample paper for Science to prepare for the exams. By referring to this CBSE Science sample paper for Class 10, students get an idea of the questions they will face in the exam. Refer to the link below to download the sample paper for free:

S.No.Download Link
1CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper 2018
2CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper 2019
3CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper 2020
4CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper 2021- Term 1
5CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper 2021- Term 2

Syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Science

We will provide you with the complete details of the syllabus in this article. Refer to the list below to get familiar with the Science syllabus:

IChemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour25
IIWorld of Living23
IIINatural Phenomena12
IVEffects of Current13
VNatural Resources07
Internal assessment20
Grand Total100
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Theme: Materials (55 Periods)

Unit I: Chemical Substances – Nature and Behaviour

Chemical reactions: Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction.

Acids, bases and salts: Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris. Metals and nonmetals: Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention.

Carbon compounds: Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents.

Periodic classification of elements: Need for classification, Early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s Periodic Table), Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.

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Theme: The World of the Living (50 Periods)

Unit II: World of Living

Life processes: ‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.

Control and co-ordination in animals and plants: Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and co-ordination in animals: Nervous system, Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action, Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones.

Reproduction: Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.

Heredity and Evolution: Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction; Basic concepts of evolution.

Theme: Natural Phenomena (23 Periods)

Unit III: Natural Phenomena

Reflection of light by curved surfaces, images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification. Refraction: Laws of refraction, refractive index. Refraction of light by spherical lens, image formed by spherical lenses, lens formula (Derivation not required), magnification, power of a lens. Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses. Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.

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Theme: How Things Work (32 Periods)

Unit IV: Effects of Current

Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law, Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R.

Magnetic effects of current : Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid, force on current carrying conductor, Fleming’s left hand rule, electric motor, electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, induced current. Fleming’s right hand rule, electric generator, direct current. Alternating current: Frequency of AC, advantage of AC over DC, domestic electric circuits.

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Theme: Natural Resources (20 Periods)

Unit V: Natural Resources

Sources of energy: Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: Fossil fuels, solar energy; Biogas; Wind, water and tidal energy; Nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources of energy.

Our environment: Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.

Management of natural resources: Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wild life; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources.

List of Experiments in Practical Exam

Here is a list of experiments conducted during the CBSE Class 10 Science examination:

  • Finding the pH of the following samples by using pH paper/universal indicator:
    1. Dilute Hydrochloric Acid
    2. Dilute NaOH solution
    3. Dilute Ethanoic Acid solution
    4. Lemon juice
    5. Water
    6. Dilute Hydrogen Carbonate solution
  • Studying the properties of acids and bases (HCl & NaOH) on the basis of their reaction with:
    1. Litmus solution (Blue/Red)
    2. Zinc metal
    3. Solid sodium carbonate
  • Performing and observing the following reactions and classifying them into:
    1. Combination reaction
    2. Decomposition reaction
    3. Displacement reaction
    4. Double displacement reaction
      1. Action of water on quick lime
      2. Action of heat on ferrous sulphate crystals
      3. Iron nails kept in copper sulphate solution
      4. Reaction between sodium sulphate and barium chloride solutions
  • Observing the action of Zn, Fe, Cu and Al metals on the following salt solutions:
    1. ZnSO4 (aq)
    2. FeSO4 (aq)
    3. CuSO4 (aq)
    4. Al2 (SO4)3 (aq) Arranging Zn, Fe, Cu and Al (metals) in the decreasing order of reactivity based on the above result.
  • Studying the dependence of potential difference (V) across a resistor on the current (I) passing through it and determine its resistance. Also plotting a graph between V and I.
  • Determination of the equivalent resistance of two resistors when connected in series and parallel.
  • Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata.
  • Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration.
  • Study of the following properties of acetic acid (ethanoic acid):
    1. odour
    2. solubility in water
    3. effect on litmus
    4. reaction with Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate
  • Study of the comparative cleaning capacity of a sample of soap in soft and hard water.
  • Determination of the focal length of:
    1. Concave mirror
    2. Convex lens by obtaining the image of a distant object.
  • Tracing the path of a ray of light passing through a rectangular glass slab for different angles of incidence. Measure the angle of incidence, angle of refraction, angle of emergence and interpret the result.
  • Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba, and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slides.
  • Tracing the path of the rays of light through a glass prism.
  • Finding the image distance for varying object distances in case of a convex lens and drawing corresponding ray diagrams to show the nature of image formed
  • Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram or red kidney bean).

Prescribed Books for CBSE Class 10 Science

Students from CBSE Class 10 can refer to the list below to prepare for the examination:

  1. Science – Textbook For class X – NCERT Publication
  2. Assessment of Practical Skills in Science – Class X – CBSE Publication
  3. Laboratory Manual- Science- Class X, NCERT Publication
  4. Exemplar Problems Class X – NCERT Publication

Ways To Solve CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper

Solving the CBSE Class 10 Science sample question paper is very important as it helps students gain confidence before the board exam. In this way, students learn how to proceed with each question in the exam and excel in speed. In this article, we have provided the best way to solve CBSE Class 10 Science Sample paper:

  1. Before anything, students must thoroughly go through the detailed syllabus and start with the chapters they need to work on more than the others.
  2. After reading and learning the chapter, make a note of all the important points and prepare them well.
  3. Once the students are confident about the topics of the subject, they can start solving the sample paper to get an idea of the exam pattern.
  4. Students must try to solve the sample paper in time or less than 3 hours to avoid missing any questions during the exam.
  5. Students must analyse their mistakes after solving the sample paper to make room for improvement before the exam.
  6. Preparing a timetable helps during the exams, and regularly revising the notes gives students clarity of the important concepts.
  7. Lastly, students must not feel demotivated in case they are unable to solve any question. Instead, keep working on the mistakes and follow a healthy lifestyle.

Benefits of Solving CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper

The advantages of solving the Class 10 CBSE Science sample paper are discussed below:

  1. Solving the sample paper is one of the best ways for self-evaluation as students get to analyse their performance.
  2. It helps in understanding the exam pattern and the marking scheme of the board exam.
  3. It helps students in memorising the important topics of the subject. In this way, students can easily revise the complex concepts before the exam.
  4. Students get to know the areas they are weak in. Students can easily rectify their mistakes before the exam to score well.
  5. Students overcome their fear of exams as they become familiar with the question paper pattern.

FAQs on CBSE Class 10 Science Sample Paper

Let us look at some of the frequently asked questions about the CBSE Class 10 Science Sample paper:

Q.1. Does solving CBSE Class 10 Science Sample paper help prepare for the board exams? 
Ans. One of the best ways to score well in the board exam is to practice solving the sample papers. This helps students understand the exam pattern and the level of questions asked in the exam.

Q.2. From where can students download CBSE Class 10 Science Sample paper? 
Ans. Students can easily download the sample paper from Embibe or else refer to the official website of CBSE to download the paper.

Q.3. How many sections are there in CBSE Class 10 Science question paper? 
Ans. The Science question paper is divided into five sections- A, B, C, D, and E.

Q.4. What are the five major units in CBSE Class 10 Science syllabus? 
Ans. The five major units of the CBSE Class 10 Science syllabus are Chemical Substances- Nature and Behaviour, World of Living, Natural Phenomena, Effects of Current, and Natural Resources.

Q.5. What is the exam pattern for Class 10 Science in CBSE? 
Ans. The Science board exam is 100 marks. The practical exam carries 20 marks and the theory exam carries 80 marks. There are five sections in the question paper that students are required to answer accordingly.

We hope this detailed article on CBSE Class 10 Science sample paper is helpful. If you have any questions regarding this article, please reach out to us through the comment box below, and we will get back to you as soon as possible.

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