CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: It’s only few months left for the CBSE Class 10 Board Examination. Knowing the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Maths is a prerequisite for students appearing for CBSE Class 10 Board Examination. Otherwise, they might miss out certain chapters and topics.
Maths is an important subject in Class 10. Mathematics plays a major role in choosing the career stream at higher secondary level. So, students who want to go for Science must secure good marks in Mathematics. In order to secure good marks in Mathematics, students should be crystal clear with the CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Maths. In this article, we will give detailed CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths along with the marks distribution.
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths 201819
Before getting into the detailed CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Maths, let us have a look at the units included in CBSE Mathematics Syllabus along with the marks distribution:
Unit No  Unit Name  Marks 
1  Number Systems  06 
2  Algebra  20 
3  Coordinate Geometry  06 
4  Geometry  15 
5  Trigonometry  12 
6  Mensuration  10 
7  Statistics & Probability  11 
Total  80 marks 
The CBSE Board examination will be conducted for 80 marks. The remaining 20 marks is allotted for Internal Assessment.
Let us now look at the detailed CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Mathematics – chapters and concepts under each unit.
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths  Number Systems
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Number Systems 

Real Numbers  Euclid’s division lemma, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic – statements after reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of results – irrationality of √2, √3, √5, decimal expansions of rational numbers in terms of terminating/nonterminating recurring decimals. 
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths  Algebra
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Algebra  
Polynomials  Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials. Statement and simple problems on division algorithm for polynomials with real coefficients. 
Pair Of Linear Equations In Two Variables  Pair of linear equations in two variables and their graphical solution. Geometric representation of different possibilities of solutions/inconsistency.
Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically – by substitution, by elimination and by cross multiplication method. Simple problems on equations reducible to linear equations. 
Quadratic Equations  Standard form of a quadratic equation ax^{2}+bx+c=0, (a ≠ 0). Solution of the quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, by completing the square and by using quadratic formula. Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots.
Situational problems based on quadratic equations related to day to day activities to be incorporated. 
Arithmetic Progressions  Motivation for studying Arithmetic Progression Derivation of the n^{th} term and sum of the first n terms of A.P. and their application in solving daily life problems. 
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths  Coordinate Geometry
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Coordinate Geometry  
Lines (In twodimensions)  Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations. Distance formula. Section formula (internal division). Area of a triangle. 
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths  Geometry
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Geometry  
Triangles  Definitions, examples, counter examples of similar triangles.

Circles  Tangents to a circle motivated by chords drawn from points coming closer and closer to the point.

Constructions 

CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths  Trigonometry
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Trigonometry  
Introduction To Trigonometry  Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a rightangled triangle. Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios, whichever are defined at 0° and 90°. Values (with proofs) of the trigonometric ratios of 30°, 45° and 60°. Relationships between the ratios. 
Trigonometric Identities  Proof and applications of the identity sin^{2}A + cos^{2}A = 1. Only simple identities to be given. Trigonometric ratios of complementary angles. 
Heights and Distances  Simple and believable problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles. Angles of elevation / depression should be only 30°, 45°, 60°. 
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths  Mensuration
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Mensuration 

Areas Related to Circles  Motivate the area of a circle; area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and perimeter / circumference of the above said plane figures. (In calculating area of segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to central angle of 60°, 90° and 120° only. Plane figures involving triangles, simple quadrilaterals and circle should be taken). 
Surface Areas and Volumes  Problems on finding surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones. Frustum of a cone.
Problems involving converting one type of metallic solid into another and other mixed problems. 
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths  Statistics And Probability
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Statistics and Probability  
Statistics  Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided). Cumulative frequency graph. 
Probability  Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on single events (not using set notation). 
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths  Internal Assessment
The Internal Assessment carries 20 marks:
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Internal Assessment 

Regular Class Test / Periodical Test  10 Marks 
Assignments and Activity  5 Marks 
Note Book Submission  5 Marks 
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths  Best Books For CBSE Class 10 Maths
CBSE Class 10 Syllabus For Maths: Prescribed Books For Mathematics 

1  Mathematics Textbook for Class X – NCERT Publication 
2  Guidelines for Mathematics Laboratory in Schools, Class X – CBSE Publication 
3  Mathematics Exemplar Problems for Class X, NCERT Publication 
4  Laboratory Manual – Mathematics , NCERT Publication 
Now you have a clear idea about CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for Maths. Make sure you finish each and every topic in the most effective and efficient manner. Solve as many CBSE Class 10 Maths questions as possible. You can also take CBSE Class 10 Maths mock tests for free on Embibe.
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