CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2022: Term & Chapter wise - Embibe
  • Written By Prince
  • Last Modified 27-06-2022
  • Written By Prince
  • Last Modified 27-06-2022

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus: Download Free PDF

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus: Physics is an important branch of Science. Every CBSE Class 12 student must be aware of the Physics syllabus in order to prepare an effective study plan and score well in the board examination. The CBSE board has released the CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus for the academic year 2022-2023 on their official website. CBSE will conduct a single Class 12 board exam for the session of 2022-23.

The theoretical portion of Physics is for 70 marks, and the practical portion holds 30 marks. To help the students, Embibe has provided the PDF format of the CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus. Scroll down to find out more about the Class 12 Physics syllabus.

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2022: Overview

To prepare and score well in the CBSE 12th class Physics examination, it is important to be well aware of the concepts taught in the textbook. The syllabus of the same has been given below in a tabulated format:

Unit Name of Unit Chapters Marks Weightage
Unit 1 Electrostatics Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields
Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
16
Unit 2 Current Electricity Chapter 3: Current Electricity
Unit 3 Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Chapter 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter 5: Magnetism and Matter
17
Unit 4 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Chapter 6: Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter 7: Alternating Current
Unit 5 Electromagnetic Waves Chapter 8: Electromagnetic Waves 18
Unit 6 Optics Chapter 9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter 10: Wave Optics
Unit 7 Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Chapter 11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 12
Unit 8 Atoms and Nuclei Chapter 12: Atoms
Chapter 13: Nuclei
Unit 9 Electronic Devices Chapter 14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits 7
Total 70

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CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2022-2023

Students can check the syllabus of Physics Class 12 from the table below:

Unit No. and Unit NameChapter No, and Chapter NameTopics
I – Electrostatics1 – Electric Charges and Fields Electric Charges and Fields Electric charges, Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between two-point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field. Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find fields due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell.
I – Electrostatics
2 – Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two-point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field. Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.
II – Current Electricity3 – Current ElectricityCurrent Electricity Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity, temperature dependence of resistance, Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel, Kirchhoff’s rules, Wheatstone bridge.
III – Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism4 – Moving Charges and MagnetismMoving Charges and Magnetism Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot – Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. Straight solenoid (only qualitative treatment), forces on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, moving coil galvanometer current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. 
III – Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism5 – Magnetism and MatterMagnetism and Matter Bar magnet, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid (qualitative treatment only), magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis (qualitative treatment only), torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field (qualitative treatment only), magnetic field lines. Magnetic properties of materials- Para-, dia- and ferro – magnetic substances with examples, Magnetization of materials, effect of temperature on magnetic properties. 
IV – Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents6  – Electromagnetic InductionElectromagnetic induction; Faraday’s laws, induced EMF and current; Lenz’sLaw, Self and mutual induction.
IV – Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents7 – Alternating CurrentAlternating Current Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit (phasors only), resonance, power in AC circuits, power factor, watt less current. AC generator, Transformer.
V – Electromagnetic waves8 – Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic Waves Basic idea of displacement current, Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their transverse nature (qualitative idea only). Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.
VI – Optics9 – Ray Optics and Optical InstrumentsRay Optics and Optical Instruments Ray Optics: Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light, total internal reflection and optical fibers, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction of light through a prism. Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers. 
VI- Optics10 – Wave OpticsWave Optics: Wavefront and Huygen’s principle, reflection and refraction of plane waves at a plane surface using wave fronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width (No derivation final expression only), coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maxima (qualitative treatment only).
VII – Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter11 – Dual Nature of Radiation and MatterDual Nature of Radiation and Matter Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light. Experimental study of photoelectric effect Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation.
VIII – Atoms and Nuclei12 – AtomsAlpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model of hydrogen atom, Expression for radius of nth possible orbit, velocity and energy of electron in his orbit, of hydrogen line spectra (qualitative treatment only). Chapter–13: Nuclei Composition and size of nucleus, nuclear force Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.
VIII – Atoms and Nuclei13 – NucleiComposition and size of nucleus, nuclear force. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.
IX – Electronic Devices14 – Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and SimpleCircuitsSemiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits. Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only) Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors- p and n type, p-n junction. Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias,application of junction diode -diode as a rectifier.

Click here to download CBSE class 12 Physics Syllabus Pdf

CBSE Class 12 Physics Practical Syllabus

For the Class 12 Physics practical, the detailed syllabus is given below for both sections along with the marks weightage.

ExperimentsMarks
Two experiments one from each section 7+7 
Practical record5
One activity from any section3
Investigatory Project3
Viva on experiments, activities and project 5
Total30 marks

Given below is the set of experiments that are asked in the class 12 CBSE exam.

Section – A 

  1. To determine resistivity of two / three wires by plotting a graph for potential difference versus current.
  2. To find the resistance of a given wire / standard resistor using a metre bridge. 
  3. To verify the laws of combination (series) of resistances using a metre bridge. 
    OR 
    To verify the laws of combination (parallel) of resistances using a metre bridge. 
  4. To determine the resistance of a galvanometer by half-deflection method and to find its figure of merit. 
  5. To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into a voltmeter of the desired range and to verify the same. 
    OR 
    To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into an ammeter of desired range and to verify the same. 
  6. To find the frequency of AC mains with a sonometer

Section – B

  1. To find the value of v for different values of u in case of a concave mirror and to find the focal length. 
  2. To find the focal length of a convex mirror, using a convex lens. 
  3. To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and 1/v.
  4. To find the focal length of a concave lens, using a convex lens. 
  5. To determine angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between angle of incidence and angle of deviation. 
  6. To determine refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope. 
  7. To find the refractive index of a liquid using convex lens and plane mirror. 
  8. To find the refractive index of a liquid using a concave mirror and a plane mirror. 
  9. To draw the I-V characteristic curve for a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.

Learn Topic-wise CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus Free

CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus: Prescribed Books

Embibe suggests these books for all Class 12 students who want to score maximum marks in Physics.

1. Physics, Class XI, Part -I and II, Published by NCERT.
2. Physics, Class XII, Part -I and II, Published by NCERT.
3. Laboratory Manual of Physics for Class XII Published by NCERT.
4. The list of other related books and manuals brought out by NCERT (consider multimedia also).

Related articles,

CBSE Class 12 Maths SyllabusCBSE Class 12 Chemistry SyllabusCBSE Class 12 Biology Syllabus

FAQs on CBSE Class 12 Physics Syllabus

Here are some of the most frequently asked questions on the CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus 2022:

Q.1: How many chapters are there in CBSE Physics Class 12 textbook?
Ans: There are 14 chapters in CBSE Class 12 Physics textbook.

Q.2: Where can I download the CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Physics PDF?
Ans:
Students can download CBSE Class 12 Physics syllabus pdf from the official website of CBSE or by clicking on the link given in this article.

Q.3: Is NCERT books enough for 12th Physics 2022 CBSE exam preparation?
Ans: Yes, NCERT books are more than enough to prepare well and score high in the Class 12 board exams.

Q.4: What is the marks distribution for Class 12 Physics?
Ans: The marks distribution for CBSE Class 12 Physics is as follows:
i) Theory Exam – 70 Marks
ii) Practical Exam – 30 Marks
You can check the Physics revised and reduced syllabus Class 12 on Embibe.

Q.5: What is the marks weightage for Unit 5 Electromagnetic waves?
Ans: You can expect questions for 18 marks from Unit 5 Electromagnetic Waves chapters 8, 9, 10 of the class 12 CBSE textbook.

Embibe’s CBSE study material explains all the chapters and concepts in the syllabus of Physics in detail. Also, you can practice CBSE 12th Physics Questions on Embibe. Embibe’s trademark Artificial Intelligence Software can create customised mock tests for students that can provide highly personalised feedback.

This will enable students to understand the subjects from scratch and fill the gaps in their conceptual understanding. It is extremely important for students to take mock tests at least a few months before the final exams. This will help them gauge themselves and improve systematically.

We hope this detailed article on CBSE Class 12 syllabus for Physics helps you in your preparation. Stay tuned to Embibe for the latest updates on CBSE exams.

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