• Written By Onen Imchen
  • Last Modified 26-07-2022

CBSE Class 7 Social Science Important Questions


CBSE Class 7 Social Science Important Questions: Social Science is one of the primary subjects in CBSE Class 7 and it is usually considered a high-scoring subject. Social Science, generally speaking, is a subject that deals with human behaviour and their interaction with society and various levels. In CBSE Class 7, the Social Science subject is further segregated into History, Geography and Civics. Students are advised to practice CBSE 7th Social Science important questions to prepare for their exams.

We have provided students with important CBSE Class 7 Social Science question answers which will help students practice for their exam and to help them understand the question formats of the CBSE Class 7 exam. Read on to check CBSE Class 7 Social Science important questions with detailed step-wise solutions.

CBSE Class 7 Social Science Important Questions: Overview

Students are advised to know all the important details of the CBSE Class 7 exam to ensure that they do not miss out on any crucial information. We have provided an overview of CBSE Class 7 in the table below for students’ reference:

ClassClass 7
Exam BoardCentral Board of Secondary Education
SubjectSocial Science
SegmentsHistory, Geography & Civics
CategoryImportant Questions
Official Websitecbse.gov.in

CBSE Class 7 Social Science Important Questions

To perform well in Social Science exams, students must practice CBSE Class 7 book questions for each topic thoroughly. These questions will help students grasp concepts better, understand exam question formats and help them solve questions more efficiently. In CBSE Class 7 Social Science, there are 10 chapters in History, 9 in Geography and 9 chapters in Civics.

We have provided a few important questions for CBSE Class 7 Social Science along with detailed step-wise solutions to help students prepare for their exams. Refer to the questions and solutions provided below:

Question 1: What were the major changes between 700 and 1750?
Solution: Many technologies came into existence in the period between 700 to 1750 such as the spinning wheel for weaving, firearms for combat, and the Persian wheel for irrigation. Moreover, new food crops and beverages like chillies, potatoes, coffee, tea, etc. also gained popularity around the world.

Question 2: What was the role of temples during the Chola kingdom?
Solution: During the reign of the Cholas, temples were not just meant for praying and worshipping gods, they became centres of social, cultural and economic activities. The role of temples during this specific period was:

  • They often became central points for the growth of settlements.
  • They became centres of craft manufacture. Crafts produced here used to be exported to other regions and in this way, the temple areas became major centres of trade.
  • Temples usually had agriculturally rich lands around them therefore, the produce of these lands was looked after by temple workers like priests, cooks, garland makers, musicians, and so on.

Question 3: What were the features of Sulh-i-Kul?
Solution: The concept of Sulh-i-Kul meant universal peace. It is based on the notion of tolerance towards people of different religions. It emphasised justice, peace, and honesty as they are universally applicable values.

Question 4: How did the Yamuna river play an important role in the construction of Shahjahanabad?
Solution: The river Yamuna played an important role in the construction of Shahjahanabad in the following ways:

  • The new city of Shahjahanabad was constructed along the Yamuna River.
  • It was on the Yamuna river’s front that an imperial palace was constructed by Shah Jahan.
  • Shah Jahan favoured the presence of a river-front garden in the layout of the Taj Mahal. He wanted to use the same architectural form as a way to control the access that the nobles had to the river. It means that the presence of the river Yamuna let Shah Jahan decide who could have access to Shahjahanabad and who could not.

Question 5: What led to the fall of the Mughal Empire?
Solution: The fall of the Mughal empire was because for the following reasons:

  • Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb was engaged in a war fought in Deccan in which he lost many resources and wealth.
  • The successors of Aurangzeb could not handle the vast Mughal empire. The recruited governors became economically and politically powerful. As the governors united their control over the provinces, the revenue of the kingdom began to decline at an enormous rate.
  • During the rule of the last Mughal emperors, revolt against the levying of high taxes increased to a great extent. 
  • Rebellions were also started by strong local chieftains to establish their own provinces.
  • It was also during this period that Nadir Shah invaded Delhi, looted all the wealth of the Mughals, and made them weaker.
  • Clashes grew among the two groups of nobles who made the last Mughal emperors nothing but puppets in their hands. The final downfall came as the last four Mughal rulers were either killed or blinded by them.

Question 6: What are Mineral and Sial?
Solution: Minerals are naturally occurring substances and possess definite chemical composition. Sial stands for silicon and aluminium minerals. They comprise the formation of the earth’s crust. Si is the initial of silicon and likewise, al is the initials of aluminium.

Question 7: How are landforms Made?
Solution: Landscapes get continuously worn down due to weathering and erosion. Landforms are formed only because of the active participation of these two forces. Big rocks get broken down into small pieces with the help of weathering and they form the landforms. Erosion by the elements like ice and water etc. helps in scattering the pieces on the plain. In the long run, major landforms are created on the surface of the earth with these two forces.

Question 8: What are the different layers of the atmosphere? Explain them.
Solution: Atmosphere is divided into the following five parts:

  • Troposphere: This is the first layer of the atmosphere. The air we breathe as well as other gases are present in the troposphere. The troposphere extends up to an average height of about 13km. Every phenomenon related to weather takes place in this layer.
  • Stratosphere: This comes after the troposphere. The stratosphere has its existence up to a height of about 50km. Aeroplanes fly in the stratosphere as it is almost devoid of clouds and weather phenomena. This layer also contains ozone gas which protects the earth from fatal sun rays. 
  • Mesosphere: Mesosphere extends at a height of 80 km and it starts where the stratosphere ends. The meteorites that come from space burn up here after entering the atmosphere.
  • Thermosphere: The temperature increases at a faster rate with a rise in height in this part of the atmosphere. As the ionosphere is present in this layer, it aids in radio transmission. It extends at altitudes between 90 – 400 km.
  • Exosphere: It is the atmosphere’s last and uppermost layer. It is filled with air. Hydrogen and helium are common here.

Question 9: Why did settlements become necessary? Explain.
Solution: The collection of houses built by people for living purposes is known as settlement. Gradually, it turned into a habitat. People started moving and sharing things with each other. This was known as the barter method of transaction. It converted into a business matter very soon. Two types of settlements are:

  • Temporary Settlement: Settlement for a very shorter duration period is known as Temporary Settlement. The atmosphere and weather of a place are deciding factors in this type of settlement.
  • Permanent Settlement: Those settlements which are made for a whole lifetime are known as permanent settlements.

Question 10: Briefly explain the flora and fauna of the Ladakh desert.
Solution: Ladakh is a hill station in India. It is a union territory located at a very high altitude which makes Ladakh the coldest place in the country. The flora and fauna of Ladakh are discussed as below:

  • Flora: Ladakh has very sparse vegetation due to the extremely dry and arid conditions. There are scanty and scattered patches of shrubs and grasses for animals to graze. In the summer season, fruits like apricots, apples, and walnuts are produced. 
  • Fauna: Many hundred species of birds are found in the Ladakh region. Birds like redstarts, raven, robins, Tibetan snowcock, etc. are very common in Ladakh.  Migratory birds are also spotted. Animals like wild goats, yak, and wild sheep are also found. These animals are generally reared to obtain products like meat, hides, milk, etc.

Question 11: What are the two types of deserts?
Solution: The two types of desserts are as follows:

  • Hot Deserts: Hot deserts are deserts experiencing high temperatures (around 40 °C), higher rates of evaporation and very scanty rainfall. These are generally covered with sands and have dry, rocky, arid conditions. There is practically no such cold season in these deserts. The Sahara desert of the African continent is the largest hot desert in the world. 
  • Cold Deserts: These are deserts experiencing lower temperatures (often below 0°C), lower rates of evaporation, a mildly hot summer season, and a long extremely cold winter. These regions get comparatively more precipitation, mostly in the form of snow. Instead of sand, the ground surface remains covered with snow and ice. Example – Ladakh in India.

Question 12: How does article 15 address equality?
Solution: Article 15 addresses equality in the following ways:

  • Article 15 forbids the state to discriminate on the grounds like caste, sex, gender, religion, race, birthplace etc. 
  • And it also says that no citizen should be made susceptible to any restriction, disability or liability on any of the similar grounds of religion, caste, upbringing, gender, race, etc. 
  • These are the two ways in which this Article addresses inequality in our society. 
  • Article 15 grants everyone the use of public places like shops, parks, places of entertainment, etc. And it goes the same for the public utilities like wells, roads, tanks, etc. 
  • Article 15 is the foundation stone for reservations in the country.

Question 13: What is the difference between MLAs and Bureaucrats?
Solution: MLA is the bridge between Assembly and the departments. The MLA who is a minister approves the work of the department. After the approval of the work, the department becomes solely responsible for the proper completion and implementation. The planning and execution of the work is done according to the budget passed by the government. After the completion of the work, the Minister checks it. The other MLAs can also ask questions from the minister regarding the work.

Question 14: Why was learning the alphabet so important for women like Rashundari Devi, Ramabai, and Rokeya.
Solution: Knowledge of an alphabet has become significant for these women since subsequent to that they turn into writing stories, letters, and autobiographies which are designated on their private involvements of dissimilarity. A woman plays numerous roles in the transmission of knowledge. A child becomes the first person a woman transmits knowledge to. The preliminary thing a child learns from his/her mother is PRAYERS along with informal knowledge regarding how to eat, talk, walk, etc. Nowadays women have acquired knowledge in both secular and religious aspects. A few of them are found in the hospitals as nurses or doctors, teachers, some accountants, etc. Women with such careers tend to do it better and with passion in it.

Question 15: How is the constitution useful in providing people with their fundamental rights? 
Solution: The Constitution of India is a collection of documents written for the welfare of the citizens of India. There are three pillars of Indian Democracy which are Legislature, Executive, and Judiciary. These three pillars are bound to serve the people of India. These three pillars are also a subject of the Constitution of India which provides the Indian citizens with their fundamental rights. The Constitution of India is a collection of documents written for the welfare of the citizens of India. There are three pillars of Indian Democracy: Legislature, Executive, and Judiciary. These three pillars are bound to serve the people of India. These three pillars are also a subject of the Constitution of India which provides the Indian citizens with their fundamental rights.

FAQs on CBSE Class 7 Social Science Important Questions

Q.1: Are there map questions in CBSE Class 7 Social Science exam?
Ans: Yes, map questions are asked in CBSE Class 7 Social Science exam.

Q.2: What are the sections in CBSE Class 7 Social Science?
Ans: CBSE Class 7 Social Science is divided into 3 sections, namely, History, Geography and Civics.

Q.3: How many chapters are there in CBSE Class 7 Geography?
Ans: There are 9 chapters in CBSE Class 7 Geography.

Q.4: How are the CBSE Class 7 Social Science important questions relevant?
Ans: The CBSE Class 7 Social Science important questions will help in students’ exam preparations by helping them grasp concepts better, understand exam question formats and help them solve questions more efficiently.

Q.5: Where can I practice mock tests for CBSE Class 7 Social Science?
Ans: Students can download the Embibe Student App (available on Google Play Store and Apple App Store) or visit the Embibe website to get access and practice to CBSE Class 7 Social Science mock tests for free.

Also, check,

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 MathsNCERT Books for Class 7 Social Science
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 ScienceNCERT Books for Class 7 All Subjects

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