Current Affairs November 2019: General Awareness Section can be the easiest and qualifying section in most competitive exams with the right focus. To bag a good score in these sections one must follow the current affairs for at least a few minutes on a daily basis. Current affairs are vastly diversified with topics from politics, finance, sports, etc and getting lost in this vastness might be confusing sometimes. It is essential for the candidates who are preparing for competitive exams to know what topics to focus on instead of wandering. GK can be divided into static and dynamic. Static GK will involve topics from Indian History, Geography, Indian Polity, Indian Economy, etc and these topics can be grasped by various general knowledge-based books. Dynamic GK, on the other hand, will be based on daily happenings around the world and following them regularly will aid in cracking the competitive exams. For dynamic GK, start by reading news from quality outlets. You can start right away by bookmarking this article.
Current Affairs November 2019 is specifically designed to provide you with the information on top happenings around the world to make sure your limited and precious time is well spent. Whether you are preparing for a written test or an interview of any competitive exam, you have come to the right place to enhance your GK knowledge.
Current Affairs November 2019
Top Current Affairs for November 30 & December 01, 2019
Mitra Shakti-India Sri Lanka Joint Military Exercise
The seventh edition of Indo-Sri Lanka joint military exercise started at Aundh military station on December 1, 2019. The chief aim of the exercise is to promote and build healthy relations between the countries.
- The main aim of the exercise is to enhance the interoperability of the armies when stationed as a part of the United Nations peacekeeping force.
- The armies will exchange their skills on counter-insurgency, counter-terrorism operations in the urban and rural environments during the exercise.
- Under United Nations mandateSub unit-level training will be provided to the armies on counter-terrorism.
- The exercise also focused on field crafts and battle drills.
- The Mitra Shakti exercise is conducted annually as a part of military diplomacy and interaction between the armies of India and Sri Lanka.
- It is crucial for India to maintain healthy relations with its neighbours in economic, political and social ways.
UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2019
United Nations Environment Program(UNEP), Emissions Gap Report 2019 warned that the Earth’s temperature may rise by 3.2*C by 2021. Moreover, despite all warnings by scientists and political commitments, emissions of greenhouse gases(GHG) couldn’t decrease globally. The report was released before the United Nations Climate Conference(COP-25) is to be held in Spain from 2nd December 2019. The report states that GHG emissions have increased by 1.5% since the last decade and that carbon-di-oxide(CO2) emissions have reached an all-time high figure of 55.3 gigatons.
Key Findings in the Report
- USA, the European Union, China, and India are among the top four emitters of greenhouse gases.
- The report highlights that India is regularly considering targets and deadlines to curb carbon emissions.
- The report also states that India’s per capita emissions are one of the lowest within the G20 nations. India is among the leading countries in electric vehicle development.
- The report suggests if only GHG emissions are reduced by 7.6% annually from 2020 to 2030 period then the target of reducing global temperature can be achieved.
- The report also says that the greatest contributors to GHG emissions are energy sectors and fossil fuel burning.
- It says all countries must reduce GHG emissions by at least 5 times, to limit global temperature rise.
- The report also says that temperature rise by 1.5*C, coral reefs will be reduced by 70-90%.
- An alarming picture posted by the report says that by 2100 global temperature will rise by 3.2*C.
- It is necessary to Completely de-carbonization the energy sector
- With renewable energy electricity, the reduction of emission targets to 12.1 gigatonnes (GT) can be achieved by 2050.
- Transport electrification can help to reduce carbon emission by 72% by 2050.
UKIBC Sets Up Aerospace And Defence Industry Group
The UK India Business Council(UKIBC) announced the establishment of the Aerospace and Defence Industry Group to boost bilateral cooperation in the areas. The initiative demonstrates close ties between India and the United Kingdom’s aerospace defence industry also recognizes that the UK-India relationship is at a critical turning point.
- A Memorandum of Understanding was signed between India and the UK on ‘Defence Technology Industrial Capability Cooperation’, this highlighted the UK government’s approach towards enhancing cooperation with India.
- The collaboration will advance India’s defence acquisition and also foster long term hardware and technology transfers.
- Aerospace and Defence Industry Group will support and build on huge opportunities that exist between defence industries of India and the UK.
- It has been formed after suggestions of Defence and Security Organization as well as with the support of UK Defence Solutions Centre, Department of International Trade, ADS Group Limited.
- The group could contribute towards India’s continued emphasis on defence modernization.
- Sophisticated Defence capabilities and Make in India initiative will be good for India and UK.
- Core members of the group include Rolls-Royce, BAE Systems, Thales UK, TVS Logistics, MBDA, Leonardo, PEXA, Pattonair and Cranfield University.
NDTV bags International Press Institute Of India Award For Excellence in Journalism
India chapter of the Vienna based International Press Institute has awarded, NDTV, India’s private news channel with the International Press Institute of India award for excellence in journalism. NDTV bagged this award for its ‘expose of the conspiracy to scuttle’ the Kathua rape and murder case probe.
- The jury consisting of Soli Sorabjee, former Attorney General of India and eminent editors by unanimously selected NDTV for this award.
- NDTV also exposed political hypocrisy across the political spectrum.
About International Press Institute Of India Award
- This award was first instituted in 2003 by IPI.
- It highlights and honours excellence in journalism by an Indian Media, organization, Journalist in print, TV and internet medium.
- Factors like freedom of the Press, the furtherance of public interest, and safeguarding human rights are taken into consideration before giving this award.
- A trophy, a citation and a cash prize of Rs 2Lakh is awarded to the winners
- Indian Express was the first to win IPI Award for Excellence in Journalism for reporting Gujarat Riots.
- NDTV first won this award in 2004 for exposing baby-swapping racket in Hyderabad, Telgi Stamp corruption trail.
- The International Press Institute was founded in October 1950, by a group of editors from 15 countries.
- It has become a truly global organization committed to further freedom of the press.
- India chapter of IPI has an active forum of editors, publishers, senior executives of newspapers.
Indian Navy Commissions Sixth Dornier Aircraft Squadron
Raptors, the Indian Naval Air Squadron 314, was commissioned by Deputy Chief of Naval Staff Vice-Admiral MS Pawar. The Squadron is strategically located in the city of Porbandar, Gujarat. This will give a boost to coastal security near the sea border with Pakistan.
- The Squadron 314, called Raptors will operate with four newly inducted, next-generation Dornier Aircrafts.
- Commissioning of Squadron 314 marks yet another milestone towards enhancing maritime security.
- It will also enhance surveillance in the North Arabian Sea.
- Owing to its strategic location, the Squadron will act as the first responder in this crucial region.
UNDP Launches Accelerator Lab In New Delhi
The United Nations Development Programme(UNDP) has launched the new and first initiative-Accelerator Lab in India. The aim behind launching this Accelerator Lab is to address some of the most pressing issues faced by India, including air pollution. To achieve its objectives through innovation, UNDP and NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission(AIM) will work hand in hand.
- The Lab will be situated in the office of UNDP, in New Delhi.
- The vision of setting up of the Lab is to make quick progress in meeting United Nations Sustainable Goals(SDGs) by 2030.
- In the Accelerator Lab, innovators will seek to come up with solutions for common problems faced by the country including sustainable water management, air pollution, and client-resilient livelihoods.
- Indian Lab will be among 60 global labs that will test and scale-up innovative solutions.
- The lab will be helpful in finding solutions helpful in combating climate change and social inequity.
Former Deputy Governor HR Khan To Chair Microfinance Panel
HR Khan Former Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will chair the Steering Committee panel on the Code for Responsible Lending(CRL) in Micro Credit. P. Satish of Sa-Dhan, Sonia Krishnamurty of L&T Finance, Harsh Shrivastav of MFIN and Srinivas Bonam of Indusind Bank are also there in the panel.
About Code For Responsible Lending(CRL)
- This is a self-regulatory step for the micro-credit industry.
- The steering committee will regulate Banks, Non-Banking Financial Companies(NBFC), Micro Finance Institutions and ensure they adhere to standards of customer protection.
- CRL was launched in September 2019 by Microfinance institution Network and Sa-Dhan, an RBI recognized the association of Micro-Finance Institutions along with the Finance Industry Development Council an associate of NBFCs.
Top Current Affairs for November 29, 2019
Loktak Inland Waterways Project in Manipur approved by Shipping Ministry
Union Ministry of Shipping (MoS) has approved Loktak Inland Waterways Project in the northeastern state. L Susindro Meitei, Chairman of Loktak Development Authority and MLA Khurai in Manipur had put forward the request for the development of this project.
- This project was approved by the Union government under its objective of promoting the beautiful region Northeast which holds a lot of opportunities for tourism purposes.
- The estimated cost of the project is Rs.25.58 crore.
- This project will boost the development of inland water transport connectivity in North-eastern states.
About Loktak Lake
Loktak Lake, located at Moirang in Manipur is the largest freshwater lake in the Northeast. It is famous for phumdis floating over it which are formed naturally.
Kartavya Portal Launched By HRD Ministry
Union HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’, launched the Kartavya portal. The Portal will be used primarily for holding essay competitions, activities like quizzes, debates, poster making and similar competitions. These competitions will be related to Nagrik Kartavya Paalan Abhiyan.
The HRD Minister also launched portal Abhiyanta of All India Council for Technical Education(AICTE).
- The portal aims to channelize the capabilities and talent of young minds.
- Topics related to Nagrik Kartavya Paalan Abhiyan will be used to hold essay competitions, debates, poster making and quizzes on Kartavya Portal.
- National Testing Agency will provide infrastructure and testing centers to hold these competitions online.
- All students registered with any higher education institution can use Kartavya Portal.
- Prizes worth Rs 15000, 12,000, 10,000 and 7,500 will be awarded by the HRD Ministry.
Nagrik Kartavya Abhiyan
- The Campaign aims to provide direction to the youth of the country.
- Nagrik Kartavya Abhiyan is being conducted from 26th November 2019 to 26 November 2020 By HRD Ministry.
- The campaign seeks to create mass awareness about the fundamental duties of citizens written in the Constitution of India.
- Abhiyanta portal hosts e-contents of the emerging areas like Artificial Intelligence(AI), Cloud Computing, Big Data, Augmented Reality, etc.
- Abhiyanta Portal has been developed free of cost by the students of Graphic Era Deemed University, Dehradun under an internship project of AICTE.
- This portal can be used in making authentic and quality learning resources in emerging areas available to students, free of cost.
NuGen Mobility Summit 2019 Being Held In Haryana
The NuGen Mobility Summit 2019 was held in Gurugram, Haryana at the International Centre for Automotive Technology. The Summit was addressed by Minister of Road Transport and Highways, Shri Nitin Gadkari. The Summit is being held from 27 to 29 November.
The Summit 2019
- Future technologies in the Auto Industry, such as skilled manpower, cheap labor, and available technology in the Auto sector was discussed at the Summit.
- Also discussed was the use of Ethanol, Methanol, Bio-Diesel, and Bio-CNG and how it will support future technology in the Auto Industry.
- It is expected that the new motor vehicle act will encourage innovation and research.
- Experts at the Summit shared views on trends in the automotive industry.
- The Participants were from the automotive industries, system and technology companies, researchers and policymakers from all over the world took part.
Authorised capital of Food Corporation Of India Has Increased to Rs 10,000 cr from Rs 3,500cr.
Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the expansion of authorized food capital of Food Corporation Of India (FCI), from RS 3,500cr to Rs 10,000cr. Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired the CCEA.
- FCI operations require maintaining perpetual stock of food grains which needs to be funded by the government through equity or via long term loan.
- Therefore the Central Government is providing equity to FCI for maintaining stocks.
- On March 31, 2019, the authorized equity capital of FCI was Rs3,500cr and paid-up equity capital was Rs 3447.58cr.
- With the increase of authorized capital, additional equity capital can be infused in FCI through Union Budget for funding foodgrain stocks, held by the Food Corporation of India.
- This will reduce borrowings, save interest and reduce FCI’s food subsidy.
- To implement the objectives of the National Food Policy of Government of India, The Food Corporations Act 1964 was constituted.
- FCI is a Government-owned corporation.
Objective Of Food Corporation of India
- The objective of FCI is to ensure the food security of the Nation.
- Ensure minimum support price to farmers.
- Distribution of food grains under the National Food Security Act.
- Execution of Government Policies and schemes.
Global Diplomacy Index 2019
The 2019 Global Diplomacy was released by Sydney based Lowy Institute. The Index gives the latest statistics about how the latest diplomatic networks of the world are expanding and in some cases shrinking. The Index ranked 61 countries across the world.
- In 2019 China has more diplomatic posts than the United States.
- China has 276 Embassies and Consulates across the world whereas US has lesser consulates.
- This shows China’s growing clout and ambitions.
- China’s diplomatic expansion has been rapid, in 2016 China was in 3rd place, behind, the United States and France.It moved to 2nd place pushing France to 3rd place.
- India ranked 12th in the list of 61 countries with 123 embassies and high commissions and 54 consulates across the world.
Top 5 Of The List
- The United States
Cabinet Approved MoU Signed Between India And Myanmar
The Union Cabinet approved the signing of Memorandum of Understanding between Myanmar and India on bilateral cooperation. The MoU aimed at preventing human trafficking, rescue, recovery, repatriation and reintegration of victims of trafficking.
- It will increase bilateral cooperation and deepen relationships between the two countries.
- The MoU will prevent all forms of trafficking, protect and assist victims of trafficking of both countries.
- It will ensure speedy investigation and prosecution of traffickers and organized crime syndicates of both countries.
- It will strengthen immigration and border controls cooperation and implementation of strategies with relevant Ministries and Organizations to prevent trafficking in persons.
- It will set up Working Groups and Task Force.
- It will help develop a database on traffickers and victims, in a confidential manner and exchange information.
- The MoU will enable both the countries to formulate and adopt standard operating procedures for rescue recovery, repatriation, and integration of victims of trafficking
Muttiah Muralitharan May Become Governor of Sri Lanka Province
According to reports Srilanka’s famous Muttiah Muralitharan is likely to join Rajpakasa presidency as governor of the Northern Province, which has a huge majority of Sri Lankan Tamils.
- The famous off-spinner of yesteryear is tipped to be governor of the Tamil dominated Northern Province.
- President Gotbaya Rajapaksa invited him to accept the post.
- The 47-year-old ace spinner is the record holder for the highest number of wickets in Test cricket.
- He holds the record of taking 800 wickets in Test Cricket during his career.
Top Current Affairs for November 28, 2019
Centre To Conduct Conference On Landslide Risk Reduction And Resilience
Ministry of Home Affairs organized the first International Conference on Landslides Risk Reduction and Resilience in New Delhi on 28th November 2019. The Conference was inaugurated by The Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Kishan Reddy. It is being organized by the National Institute of Disaster Management.
- Is to bring together relevant ministries, organizations, departments, universities, and experts.
- To discuss and disseminate useful knowledge, information, experience, and innovations.
- This will help to collate data on landslides risk reduction and resilience at national and international levels.
- It will develop a road map towards landslides risk reduction and resilience through collaboration, networking, and coordination amongst different stakeholders.
- Scientists, Engineers, Planners, Developers, Technologists, Administrators, Policy and decision-makers from India and other countries will participate in the conference.
National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM)
NIDM was established in 1995 as the National Centre of Disaster Management (NCDM). In 2006 it was renamed as National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM). The institute conducts training and capacity development programs to manage natural disasters in India. Ministry of Home Affairs manages this university.
Rajya Sabha Passed The Transgender(Protection of Rights) Bill 2019
The transgender Bill defines the person as one whose gender does not match the gender that was assigned at birth. Rajya Sabha passed the Bill on 26th November 2019, without any amendments. The bill was passed through a voice vote. Lok Sabha had passed the bill on 5th August this year. The bill was moved in the upper house by Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment, Thaawarchand Gehlot. The bill aims to protect the rights of transgender persons by giving them due to recognition and making welfare provisions for them. The bill will be sent to the President for assent, after which it will become a law.
- The categories included in the bill are transgender-men, transgender-women, genderqueers, persons with intersex variations and persons with socio-cultural identities.
- The bill prohibits discrimination and unfair treatment against transgenders in:-
Education, Employment, Healthcare, access to opportunities, facilities available to the public. Right to movement, Right to rent, live or occupy the property, Opportunity to hold public or private office, access to government or private establishment in whose care the person is.
- The bill also criminalizes denial of services or denial of use of public places to transgender persons and removal of a transgender from a place or a household.
- The bill states that a transgender person can submit an application to the District Magistrate to get a certificate of identity which says ‘Transgender’ as gender.
- Provision has also been made that the certificate of identity can be changed in case of surgery to change gender has been undergone.
- The Bill proposes to form a National Council for Transgender Persons, comprising of members from various central ministries, state governments, Niti Aayog, National Human Rights Commission of India.
Jon Rahm Won 2019 World Tour Championship in Dubai
Jon Rahm edged out Tommy Fleetwood to take home the DP World Tour Championship in Dubai.This comes two years after Fleetwood had edged out Rahm. This championship will add Five Million Dollars to his prize money.
- This is his second Dp World Tour Championship in three years.
- This crowns him as Europian Number One on a thrilling final day at Jumeirah Golf Estates.
- He shot under 68 to reach 19-under 269 to beat Tommy Fleetwood.
Unique Identification Authority Of India Has Launched New Version Of mAadhar Application
UIDAI has launched the new maadhar app that is more secure than the previous Aadhar app. Users can also avail personalised services using mAadhaar app.
- mAadhaar app is more secure than the old Aadhaar app.
- mAadhaar app features support for 13 Indian Languages.
- Users can lock or unlock their biometric authentication using mAadhaar.
- UIDAI is asking users to delete the old app and install mAadhaar app.
- Anyone can use the mAadhaar app, irrespective of the fact if they have Aadhaar or not.
- However, users will need to register their Aadhaar Profile in the app to avail personalized services.
- Users can check the status of their online requests.
- They can update the address or validation of the address using mAadhaar app.
- One of the interesting features of mAadhaar is that it can hold Aadhaar details of up to three profiles that have been registered using the same mobile number.
India Has 96 Universities Ranked In QS World University Rankings
India has 96 universities ranked in the QS World University Rankings: Asia 2020. Out of these 20 are new entries. The Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, leads nationally at 34th rank, followed by IIT, Delhi at 43rd position and IIT, Madras at 50th. India has 31 institutes in the top 250 on the list.
- QS report says 8 of Indian universities were placed in the top 100.
- Indian Higher Education system has grown exponentially in the past ten years.
- There is a great demand for tertiary education in the domestic market.
- Country’s higher education system plays a major role in driving the nation’s competitiveness.
- Top three of the list were the National University of Singapore, Nanyang Technology University and University of Hong Kong, China.
Logo Of Lokpal And Motto Launched
The Chairman of Lokpal, Justice Pinaki Chandra Ghosh launched the logo of Lokpal at an event in New Delhi. The motto of Lokpal is “मा गृध: कस्यस्विद्धनम “. The meaning of the motto is that do not be greedy for anyone’s wealth. The logo was designed by Prashant Mishra from Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh.A competition was held through mygov.in portal and Lokpal registry mail to invite designs for the logo and the motto. A lot of entries were received,2236 for logo and 4705 for the motto, from all over the country.
About Logo And Motto:
- The logo is based on the literal meaning of LOKPAL, Lok meaning people and Pal meaning caretaker. So the meaning gets translated to the ‘caretaker of the people’.
- The essence of Lokpal symbolizes how it takes care and protects the people of India.
- Establishes justice as per law.
- The shapes on the logo, like people(three human figures), Ombudsman(judges bench), vigilance(Ashok Chakra forming an eye), judicial(tricolor two hands are placed below forming a unique balance) and Law(shape of the book in orange).
- As none of the motto received through the portal competition was appealing, on 17th October the Lokpal in its full bench meeting in their inputs and discussions adopted the first shloka of ‘Ishabasoupanishad’.Which reads as”मा गृध: कस्यस्विद्धनम”
Parliament passes NID Amendment Bill
The Lok Sabha passed the National Institute of Design (Amendment) Bill on 26th November 2019. The objective of the bill is to make 4 NID’s present in Kurukshetra in Haryana, Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh, Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh and Jorhat in Assam as the institutes of National importance.
The bill attempts to amend the National Institute of Design Act, 2014 that declares National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad as an institution of national importance.
- The Bill was already cleared by Rajya Sabha on August 6 2019.
- The four NID’s will have the standards at par with the institute in Ahmedabad and will impart quality education in the field of design.
- Once the institutes are declared as Institutes of National Importance they will be able to grant degree and diploma.
Top Current Affairs for November 27, 2019
13th Asia Pacific Screen Awards
The 13th Asia Pacific Screen Awards were held in Brisbane, Australia. They are considered the highest accolade for films in the Asia Pacific region.APSA honors film making that best reflects the cultural origins and diversity of Asia Pacific.
- APSA Awards are an international cultural initiative of Brisbane City Council, Australia.
- The Council promotes cultures, films, directors, actors of the Asia Pacific region to the global audience.
- It also realizes the objectives of UNESCO to preserve and promote respective cultures through the medium of films.
- The First Edition of awards was held in the year 2007.
- Since then it is presented by UNESCO, International Federation of Film Producers Association(FIAPF) and the Brisbane City Council.
Awardees of 2019
- Best Feature Film: ‘Parasite’, Directed by South Korean Director, Bong Joon-Ho.
- Best Performance by an Actress: Max Eigenmann for the Film ‘Verdict’.
- Best Performance by an Actor: Manoj Bajpai in ‘Bhonsle’.
Defcom INDIA 2019 Held in NEW Delhi
The DEFCOM 2019 is being held in New Delhi on 26th and 27th November at the Manekshaw Centre. The curtain raiser ceremony was held on 22nd October 2019 at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi.DEFCOM will seek to deliberate on the theme ‘Communication as a Decisive Catalyst for Jointness’.
What is DEFCOM?
- It is a Symposium for collaboration between Indian Defence Forces, Academia and Industry, research and development organizations on aspects pertaining to Information and Communication Technology(ICT).
- DEFCOM is jointly organized by the Corps of Signals and Confederation of Indian Industry(CII).
- It stresses the need for the three services to seamlessly communicate with each other from the strategic to the tactical level.
- DEFCOM has played a major role in promoting collaboration between armed forces and industry in Information and Communication Technology(ICT) domain.
Report-How Vulnerable Are Children In India To Crime
Child Rights and You (CRY) recently released a report on the vulnerability of children in India, to crime. Analysis done by the National Crime Records Bureau for the year 2016-17, was the base of the report. It stated that Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh topped the list of crimes against children. There were 19,000 cases of crime against children in the two states.
- Jharkhand witnessed the highest increase in crime against children in the years 2016 and 2017.
- Child Labour also saw an increase to 126%.
- Child Labour doubled in 2016 from 204 to 462 in 2017.
- Child Marriage also witnessed a rise of 21.17%.
- These numbers were based on the cases registered under the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act(PCMA)2006.
- Though the cases of child labour and child marriage have increased, CRY considered this as positive as these crimes were earlier the least reported ones.
What CRY Recommends:-
- Financial investments need to be increased in child protection.
- It suggests the focus should be on capacity building among officials working in child protection systems.
Iman, the last Sumatran Rhino of Malaysia died In Borneo Rhino Sanctuary
Iman was the last surviving Sumatran Rhino in Malaysia which died of cancer in Borneo Rhino Sanctuary. With the death of this Sumatran Rhino, they have become extinct in Malaysia. Iman was captured in 2014 from Danum Valley in Malaysia.
- Sumatran Rhinos are the smallest of the other five Rhino species. The others are the Black, White, Javan and the Greater-one Horned Rhinos.
- With Iman’s death, there are only 80 Sumatran Rhinos left in the world.
- All 80 are in Indonesia, Sumatra Island, the Indonesian part of Borneo.
- Poaching, loss of habitat have been the main reasons for their extinction.
Sumatran Rhinos In India:
- The last Sumatran Rhino was killed in 1967 and have since gone extinct in India.
- They were found in Nagaland, Assam, Tripura, Manipur and Chittagong hills in the 19th century.
Sumatran Rhino Rescue:
- Sumatran Rhino Rescue is an international project to save the species.
- The Project is being implemented by World Wildlife Fund, National Geographic Society, Global Wildlife Conservation, International Rhino Foundation and International Union Of Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
- The IUCNs Red List has put the Sumatran Rhino in the critically endangered list.
National Milk Day
The National Milk Day is observed on 26th November to commemorate the birthday of Dr Verghese Kurien, the father India’s White Revolution. World Milk Day is observed around the world on 1 June as deemed by the United Nations.
About National Milk Day:
- It is celebrated to promote the benefits of the Milk and Milk Industry and to create awareness of the goodness of milk and milk products.
- This year India is celebrating the 98th birth anniversary of Dr Kurien.
- The first National Milk Day was celebrated on 26th November 2014 by an initiative taken by the Indian Dairy Association(IDA). Milk producers from 22 states participated.
Dr Verghese Kurien:
- He was born in Kozhilode, Kerala on 26th November 1921.
- He died in 2012 at the age of 90.
- He is known as the ‘Father of The White Revolution in India’.
- He is known for his ‘Operation Flood’ the World’s largest agriculture development program.
- Dr Kurien established 30 institutions that are run by farmers and workers.
- He also established a famous Amul brand.
- He was awarded the famous Ramon Magsaysay award(1963), World Food Prize(1989), Padma Shri(1965), Padma Bhushan(1965) and Padma Vibhushan(1999).
- His efforts made India the largest milk producer in 1998, surpassing the US.
Milk Sector In India:
- Currently, India is the largest milk producer in the world, contributing to 22% of the production, over 187.7 million tonnes.
- India surpasses the European Union, the United States, and China in milk production.
- Per capita consumption of milk in India has increased from 307/gm per day to 340/gm per day.
Uttar Pradesh Government Launches 3-Day Campaign Against Filaria
The Government of Uttar Pradesh has launched a campaign against Filaria. The Government of India has set a target of eradicating filaria by 2021. The program was launched on 26th November 2019 and will run through till December 10, 2019.
- 47 districts will be covered under this campaign.
- Teams will go door to door and give medicines, which includes one tablet of DEC and one tablet of Albendazole.
- All age groups, from children to elderly will be covered.
- Special emphasis will be laid on a mosquito-free environment.
- WHO statistics say that Filaria is the second most disease that makes people handicapped on a large scale.
- It also states that 65 million Indians are at risk with 4.5 lakh already suffering from the disease.
- Most outbreaks are in Maharashtra and the Malabar Coast.
Global Alliance to Eradicate Filariasis
- In June 2018 India hosted the Global Alliance to Eliminate Filariasis, in New Delhi.
- The organization aims to bring together public and private organizations to fight against the disease.
- It focuses on financial, political and technical resources to eradicate the disease.
- Filaria is spread by Culex Fatigans female mosquito.
- The disease is caused by Filarioidea type roundworms.
Annual Emissions Gap Report
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) released the Emissions Gap Report, which states that greenhouse gas emissions have risen 1.5 per cent per year over the last decade. Each year the Emissions Gap Report assesses the gap between estimated emissions in 2030 and levels consistent with the 1.5*C and 2*C targets of the Paris Agreement.
- On current unconditional pledges, the world is heading for a 3.2*C temperature rise.
- Technology and policy knowledge exists to cut emissions, but transformation must begin now.
- G20 Nations account for 78% of all emissions, but 15 of the G20 members have not committed to a timeline of net-zero emissions.
- The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has warned that going beyond 1.5*C will increase the frequency and intensity of climate impacts.
- Developed Nations will have to reduce their emissions as compared to developing countries
Top Current Affairs for November 26, 2019
Chhattisgarh To Get Fourth Tiger Reserve:-Guru Ghasidas National Park.
- Chhattisgarh Government declared that it would have its fourth Tiger Reserve “Guru Ghasidas National Park” in Kotiya district.
- This was decided at the 11th Chhattisgarh Wildlife Board meeting, chaired by Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel.
- Achanakmar Tiger Reserve in Bilaspur, Indravati Tiger Reserve in Bijapur district, Udanti-Sitanadi Tiger Reserve in Gariaband are the other 3 tiger reserves in the state.
Key Highlights of the meet
- Increasing the number of Tigers and their safety was greatly emphasized.
- Safety measures, like radio-collaring tigers, were on the agenda.
- The resettlement of Leopards from Barnavapara Sanctuary to Guru Ghasidas National Park and Udanti-Sitanadi Park were discussed in the meeting.
- Drafting of the action plan for the conservation of wild buffalo, hill myna and vultures.
- Developing water sources like ponds.
- Planting of fruit, bamboo and banana trees, so that animals do not wander about too much for food.
70th Constitution Day was observed on 26 November 2019
- 26 November is observed as Samvidhan Divas or the Constitution Day in India.
- On this day in 1949, the constitution of India was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly.
- However, the Indian Constitution was implemented on 26 January 1950.
- India is celebrating its 70th Constitution Day in 2019.
- On the occasion of the 125th birthday of B. R. Ambedkar, drafter of the Indian constitution on 19th November 2015, the government of India through a gazette notification officially announced the celebration of 26 November as Constitution Day.
- The day was chosen to spread the importance of the constitution as well as to spread the thoughts and ideas of Ambedkar.
Saturns Largest Moon Gets Its First Global Geologic Map
- The first map showing the global geology of Saturn’s largest moon, Titan has been completed. This map, for the first time, reveals a dynamic world of dunes, lakes and other terrains.
- A joint statement issued by Arizona State University in Tempe, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California and NASA Headquarters, Washington DC said: “Titan is the only Planetary Body in our Solar System other than Earth to have stable liquid on its surface”.
- The Map reveals a dynamic world of dunes, lakes, plains, craters and other terrains.
- This liquid is not water that rains down from clouds, but it is methane and ethane that fills the lakes and seas.
- These are hydrocarbons we think as gases but behave as a liquid on the surface of Titans’ frigid climate.
- Titan has an active methane-based hydrologic cycle that has shaped a complex geologic landscape.
- This was stated by Rosaly Lopes, who is the lead author of new research and a Planetary geologist at NASA JPL, Pasadena, California.
- Materials, temperature, and gravity fields are different on Earth and on Titan.
- Many surface features are similar between the two worlds and can be interpreted as being products of the same geologic processes.
- Different geologic terrains shown on the map have a clear distribution with latitude
- Some terrains cover more areas than others.
India Attends WATEC Conference In Israel
- The Water Technology and Environment Control conference was held in Israel. The Jal Shakti Minister Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat attended from the Indian side.
- This conference helps to get updates on technologies related to water and environmental management. Many countries participated to showcase their revolutionary technologies.
- Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh are the most water-stressed states in India.
- Israel is considered a world leader in terms of water management.
- The country treats and reuses 80% of its sewage water for agriculture.
- Israel desalinated seawater and drip irrigation.
- It is a world leader in agriculture.
- This conference will help India learn technologies to conserve water and replicate it.
- The “Dynamic Ground Water Resources” of India report says that agriculture uses 89% of water resources.
- This report also states that saving 10% of the water will increase water availability by 50 years.
- India needs to act fast as groundwater resources are depleting at a rapid pace.
Indian Railways Sets up Institute of Financial Management in Hyderabad
The Indian Institute of Financial Management (IRIFM) has been set up in Hyderabad, Telangana. This new Institute will impart training in the management of Indian Railways finances. This project was conceived and constructed by Rail Vikal Nigam Limited, at a cost of 85 Crores.
About The Institute
- IRIFM marks an important addition to the premier institutions in the field of financial management in Indian Railways.
- It is based on a 14-acre area in Moula-Ali, Secunderabad.
- It has 10 different blocks including administrative block, hostel, library, mess, academic block, and sports block.
- 150 trainees can be accommodated at any given time.
- An ensuing batch of probationers of the Indian Railway Account Service(IRAS) will be trained here.
- The Finance and Accounts Officers of Indian Railways update their skills and knowledge and strengthen the finances of the organization.
Top Current Affairs for November 25, 2019
Bill to Merge UTs Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
The Dadra And Nagar Haveli Daman and Diu merger Bill is being introduced by the Government of India. The bill of the merger of the territories will be presented in Lok Sabha on November 29, 2019.
- The bill if approved will help for better administration and will avoid duplication of various works.
- These Union Territories are 35 kilometres apart and have separate budgets and secretariats.
- The merged territory will be named Dadra, Nagar Haveli Daman, and Diu.
- Headquarters of the territory will be in Daman and Diu
- Article 3 of the Indian Constitution allows the formation of States and Union Territories.
- It allows increasing or decreasing the area and changing the boundaries of a state.
- The bills on state formation can be presented in either of the houses. However, the President’s consent on the bill is required before presenting the bill.
National Tribal Craft Mela 2019
The 8th edition of National Tribal Craft Mela was inaugurated by Naveen Patnaik, Chief Minister of Odisha in Bhuvaneshwar. The timings for mela for the public will be from 2.00 PM to 8.00 PM every day from 23 to 29 November.
- On the occasion of Tribal Mela, 5 Supplementary Readers prepared in 21 Tribal languages were released as a part of Odisha Government’s ‘5Ts’ initiative viz., aim to achieve progress through Transparency, Teamwork, Technology, Time and Transformation.
- Around 240 artisans from 18 states are participating in the Mela.
- Handicrafts, handloom and bamboo products along with tribal jewellery will be displayed by the artisans.
About National Tribal Craft Mela
- The National Tribal Crafts Mela is an annual event. It is organized with an aim to promote, popularize and preserve traditional tribal art and crafts and help the artisans to grab better opportunities to polish their skills through cross-cultural interactions for the commercial viability of their products.
Mr. Universe 2019
Chitharesh Natesan, a bodybuilder from Kerala has been crowned as Mr Universe 2019 in the 90 kg category at the 11th edition of World Bodybuilding and Physique Sports Championship held at the Island city of Jeju in South Korea. At the same event, India secured 2nd position in the team championship category.
- The 33-year-old Chitharesh Natesan is a former hockey player turned bodybuilder
- He is known as “Indian Momster” in bodybuilding circles.
- He became the first Indian to win the 90kg category
Climate Emergency as 2019 word of the year
Oxford Dictionary declares “climate emergency” as word of the year for 2019. The Word of the Year citation is intended to highlight a word or expression shown through usage evidence to mood, or preoccupations, reflect the ethos of the passing year, and have lasting potential as a term of cultural significance. Recent winners have included toxic youthquake post-truth and vape.
- The Dictionary says that the usage of the word increased 100-fold in the last 12 months.
- It states that this increase in usage demonstrates greater immediacy in how we talk about climate change.
- It defined the situation which required greater action to reduce or halt climate change.
- Oxford said that it was the most prominently debated topic of 2019.
- According to the dictionary data usage of “climate emergency” soared 10,796%.
- The use of the word emergency was more associated with climate than with health.
- In 2019 “climate emergencies” were declared in hundreds of towns, cities, and countries like Scotland, United Kingdom, Canada, and Sydney Australia.
The National Statistical Office Conducted Survey on Persons With Disabilities in the Country
The NSO conducted a survey for the person with disability as part of the 76th National Sample Survey. It included all the disabilities which were included in The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016
- The overall percentage of people with disabilities was 2.2% of the total population.
- The prevalence of disability was 2.3% in rural areas and 2% in urban areas.
- The prevalence of disability was higher in males than in females.
- The main objective of the survey was to find the cause, age of onset of the disability and also to ascertain the facilities available to these persons.
- This included difficulty in accessing and using public facilities, transport, availability of care-giver and out-of-pocket expenses.
NSO Survey on drinking water, hygiene, sanitation, and housing condition
76th round of National Sample Survey reports, released on 23rd November 2019. The survey was held between July 2017 and June 2018 and samples were collected from across the country, rural as well as urban areas using scientific survey methodology.
- The objective of the survey was to collect information on the microenvironment which surrounds the household and determines the overall quality of living conditions of people.
- Information was collected on the type of dwelling, condition of the structure, floor area, age of the house, drainage available, sewage system. garbage disposal, mosquitoes and flies surrounding the dwelling.
- The survey state that 71.3% of rural homes and 96.2% of households had access to toilets.
- Around 19% of the urban population and 14% of the rural population had their health expenditures covered. Only 1% of the urban population received health insurance from government health protection schemes.
- In rural areas, 97% of the children have received all the 8 vaccinations prescribed by the health department.
International Day for the elimination of violence against women
Violence against women and girls remains a persistent problem in the world today. United Nations declared 25th November as the date for the elimination of this problem.
The Theme for 2019 is “Orage the World: Generation Equality Stands Against Rape“.
- The history of this day lies in 1960, the assassination of 3 Mirabal sisters, political activists in the Dominican Republic by then Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo (1930–1961).
- In 1981, Feminist Encuentros, the Latin American activists and the Caribbean, marked 25 November as a day to raise awareness of violence against women more broadly.
Top Current Affairs for November 23 & 24, 2019
Manisha Kulshreshtha honored with 28th Bihari Puraskar
- The 28th Bihari Puraskar award for 2018 was given to Manisha Kulshreshtha for her novel Swapnapash.
- KK Birla Foundation presents this annual award to writers of Rajasthan for their outstanding publication in Hindi or Rajasthani.
- A cash prize of INR 2.5 lakh along with a plaque is awarded to the winner.
About Manisha Kulshrestha
- Kulshreshthais a graduate in science and postgraduate in Hindi literature and was born in Jodhpur.
- She is famous for her works like Shalbhanjika, Shigaf, and Panchkanya.
- Kulshreshtha in her novel Swapnapash has presented a description of a woman with schizophrenia, her dreams, expectation, her life, and apprehensions.
About KK Birla Foundation
- Suresh Rituparn, KK Birla Foundation director established KK Birla to work in areas like culture, academics, education, health, and art.
- The Bihari Puraskar was instituted in 1991.
- The jury this year comprised Dr. Suresh Rituparn., Nand Bharadwaj, Hemant Shesh, Murlidhar Vaishnav, Alka Saraogi, and Om Thanvi.
50th Governor’s Conference inaugurated in Rashtrapathi Bhavan
- 50th Governor’s Conference was held at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi on 23 November 2019 and 24 November 2019
- President Ram Nath Kovind, PM Narendra Modi and other ministers attended the two-day conference.
- President Ram Nath Kovind first addressed the conference followed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
- Around 17 governors and Lt. Governors of India participated in the event.
- In his address, PM Modi insisted that the Governors should work in the health, education and tourism sector.
PMGSY 2019: J&K achieves highest road length in the country
- Under the Centre’s rural roads’ programme of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), Jammu and Kashmir has achieved the highest road length in the country in the current fiscal year so far.
- Around 11,400 kilometers of different road projects covering 1,838 habitations against the total sanctioned length of 19,700 kilometers against sanctioned 2,214 habitations were completed and are included in the accomplishments.
- The PMGSY programme in J&K is being implemented by Public Works (Roads and Buildings) Department of the Union Territory.
About Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
- The main aim of the PMGSY, Centre government’s mega flagship programme is to provide good road connectivity to unconnected rural areas in India.
- The scheme was launched in 2000 by then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
AGRO Vision began in Nagpur
- Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways, Shipping and MSME , Nitin Gadkari, inaugurated the AGRO Vision at Reshimbagh Ground, Nagpur, Maharashtra on 22nd November 2019.
- There are 6 domes at the exhibition with around 350 stalls spread in an area of 17000 square meters.
- There will be 100 MSME stalls to showcase the products made by the MSMEs.
- National Agri exhibition, day-long conference for two days for the farmers and workshops for farmers will be conducted in the Agro VIsion.
- The aim of the Agro Vision is to look after and fulfill the requirements of farmers of Vidarbha, in terms of helping them learn new technology in farming, suggestions for allied business so that farmers earn more and prosper in their initiatives.
- Narendra Singh Tomar,Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare was the chief guest of the Agro VIsion.
International Children’s Peace Prize
- Greta Thunberg,16 years young environmentalist of Sweden was recently honored with the International Children’s Peace Prize.
- She has been bestowed with this honor for his fight for environmental protection. A campaign has been launched by Thunberg with school children around the world against climate change.
- 15-year-old Divina Maloum, Cameroon’s peace activist has also been awarded the International Children’s Peace Prize for her “peaceful struggle” against the jihadi group Boko Haram.
- The awards are presented by Dutch children’s rights organization ‘Kids Right’ since 2005.
- Kailash Satyarthi, Indian child rights activist and 2014 Nobel Peace Prize winner presented the award to Thunberg.
Fadnavis sworn in as Maharashtra CM: SC’s concept of fast Floor Tests
- Mr Devendra Fadnavis, on November 23, 2019, sworn in as Chief Minister of Maharashtra.
- He has been given time till November 30, 2019, to prove his majority by the governor.
- This, however, contradicts Supreme Court’s orders that floor tests should follow within 24 to 48 hours of swearing-in. This is because it will increase the risks of horse-trading and corruption.
- Floor test concept was introduced in 1994 by the SC’s judgment referring to Article 164 of the constitution in the SR Bommai case.
About Devendra Fadnavis
- Born 22 July 1970 in Nagpur, Devendra Gangadharrao Fadnavis is an Indian politician. He was sworn in as the 18th Chief Minister of Maharashtra on 23 November 2019.
Top Current Affairs for November 22, 2019
World Television Day 2019
- To highlight the role of television in the field of communication World Television Day is celebrated across the globe on 21 November.
- Various journalists, writers, bloggers meet together and promote World Television Day. They share and spread about the role of television through print media, broadcast media and also through social media.
- The world’s first television journal was organized by the United Nations on 21st and 22nd November 1996. In this forum, the discussion was done about role of television in imparting information and changing the world.
- To commemorate the date on which the first television forum was organized, On 17 December 1996 UNGA through resolution 51/205 announced World Television day to be celebrated every year on 21 November.
National Intelligence Grid will begin operating from December 31, 2020
National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) project will start by December 31. 2020. The announcement of this news was made on 20 November 2019, in Lok Sabha.
National Intelligence Grid
- National Intelligence Grid interconnects databases of important security agencies of India and so is known as counter-terrorism Programme.
- Technologies like Big Data is being utilized by NATGRID to study and analyze data from various enforcement and intelligence agencies.
- The proposal to form the National Intelligence Grid was first put forward after the Mumbai terror attacks in 2008.
- The implementation of NATGRID is being done in four phases.
- Approval of the first two phases came in 2011. Whereas, the third and fourth phase approval got delayed due to various amendments required in several laws.
Arundhati Scheme: Assam Govt to gift 10 gm of gold to every bride
- Assam government has launched Arundhati Swarna Yojana. Under the scheme, every bride who has completed her studies till 10th standard and has registered her marriage will be gifted 10gms of gold by the Assam government.
- Hemant Biswa Sarma, State Finance Minister said that the scheme will cost about Rs 800 crore annually on the government exchequer.
- The scheme will start on January 1, 2020.
- Assam has about three lakh marriages every year but only 50,000-60,000 are registered. The aim behind launching this scheme is to encourage brides to register their marriage.
Conditions to get benefited by the scheme
- The Minimum age of bride and groom should be 21 years and 18 years respectively.
- Direct gold will not be provided by the government instead of Rs, 30,000 will be provided to purchase 10 gms of gold.
- The registration of marriage should be done under the Special Marriage (Assam) Rules, 1954.
- For the workers of tea gardens and tribes, minimum education qualification to be 10th standard clause has been removed.
- To avail, the scheme registration for the scheme should be done before the marriage date.
Microsoft has launched its “K-12 Education Transformation Framework”
- To help the schools of India to undergo digital transformation “K-12 Education Transformation Framework” has been launched by Microsoft.
- The objective of this framework is to provide tools to education leadership, government decision-makers, teachers and learners, to integrate technology in powerful and productive ways.
- There are four pillars in the framework – modern teaching, leadership and policy, technology blueprint and intelligent environment. A series of workshops will be done for school principals to held them understand and implement the framework.
- Education leaders in more than 50 countries have adopted this model to plan their learning strategies.
IIM Indore signed MoU with LBSNAA to strengthen technical cooperation
With the vision to remain socially conscious and contribute to the society and nation a memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed between the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Indore and Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA), Mussoorie.
- Exchange of faculty members for various training programs, joint case study developments, and specially designed modules can be done by the institutes.
- Technical cooperation will be strengthen through sharing experiences, knowledge, best practices in the area of capacity building of public officials and public-private education.
- Joint reseraches will be done in field of public policy, management, and public administration between the organizations.
- IIM-Indore academy will launch joint programmes that will help corporates and administrators and understand each other as well as look for collaborations.
Destination NE Festival to be held in Varanasi
- Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), Government of India is organizing “ The Destination North East (NE) Festival “ at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh from 23-26 November 2019.
- The festival was inaugurated by Dr. Jitendra Singh,MoS (Independent Charge) Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER).
- The aim of this festival is to bring the North East region close to the rest of India and to highlight the culture and diversification of this region.
- Craftsman of NE regions who work on looms and crafts will be present at the festival.
- The cultural dance and songs will be performed by artists.
- Delicacies NE and Uttar Pradesh region will also be prepared in a live kitchen at the festival.
Assam government released the 2019 new Land Policy
- Sarbananda Sonowal, chief minister of Assam released the new Land Policy 2019.
- Department of Revenue and Disaster Management formed this policy.
- Hand Book of Circulars, Volume-V containing Office Memorandum and government circulars from 1 May 2007 to 30 August 2019, were also released by the CM.
Assam Land Policy 2019
- Cabinet approved the land policy on 21 October 2019.
- It will remove hassles regarding land allotments and settlements.
- The Revenue and Disaster Management Department has been recommended to make the Hand Book available to all levels of officials of the department.
Top Current Affairs for November 21, 2019
New Delhi hosted the 5th India – Europe 29 Business Forum
- India-Europe 29 Business Forum’s fifth edition was recently held at Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra in New Delhi from 20 to 21 November 2019.
- The forum was jointly organized by the Union Ministry of External Affairs and the industry body Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).
- 400 delegates from 29 European countries participated in the forum.
- Discussions on IT & ITES, Smart Cities, Pharma and Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Renewable Energy were held at the forum.
Europe 29 region consists of following countries: Bosnia & Herzegovina, Czech Republic Slovak Republic, Hungary, Slovenia, Switzerland, Austria, Denmark, Albania, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Croatia, Moldova, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Malta, Norway, Poland, Estonia, Romania, Finland, Serbia, Greece, Cyprus, Montenegro, Iceland, Sweden, Latvia and Turkey.
India’s Annual Report on Road Accidents
- On November 20, 2019, a report on “Road Accidents in India for the year 2018 was released by the Ministry of road transport and highways.
- The report highlighted that in the year 2018 more than 1,51,417 fatalities occurred in India due to road accidents.
- According to the report human mistake, road conditions and conditions of the vehicle were the topmost reasons for road accidents.
- As compared to 2017 the number of road accidents has increased by 2.4%. Approximately 17 people lose their lives and more than 53 road accidents takes place in the country every 60 minutes. Out of which 2.4 % of people meet with an accident due to the use of mobile phones while driving. 2.8 % due to drinking and driving case, 5.8 % due to driving on the wrong side and 6.4 percent accidents are due to over speeding.
November 20: World Children’s Day
- Universal Children’s Day also known as World Children’s Day is observed annually across the globe on 20th November.
- The day was first observed in 1954 and marks the anniversary of the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by the UNGA.
- The purpose of this day is to highlight the need for child welfare globally and to promote awareness and unity among children and also make people aware of children’s rights.
- United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) coordinates and promotes this day.
- In the year 2019 30th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child will be observed.
GoI to expand WHO’s 3S programme in the country
- World Health Organization’s 3S programme-Smart Safety Surveillance will be expanded in India by the Union government.
- There are two aims behind this expansion first is to ensure that the vaccines provided under universal immunization programme are up tot he mark and safe and second is to make the best use of post-marketing surveillance of priority drugs.
- To ensure proper vigilance a collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Central Drugs Standard Control Organization and other important stakeholders of 3S program will be done by the government.
- The government is also planning to expand the coverage of Pneumonal Conjugate Vaccine to all stated by 2022 under this programme.
- According to the Health and Family Welfare ministry, new medical products that enter Indian markets are often having very limited safety data from clinical trials. So, it is very essential to keep track of the post-marketing of immunization programmes.
- There is no impact study released by the health ministry about The PCV project which was launched in India in 2017. In the expansion programme the Government will make sure such shortcomings are addressed.
November 20: World COPD Day-marked by WHO
- Every year on the third Wednesday of November World COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Day is observed by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) and the World Health Organization.
- This year the day was observed on November 20th, 2019.
- WHO along with other US institutes and GOLD launched this day in 1997.
- The theme for 2019 COPD day is “All Together to End COPD”
- COPD, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is presently the fourth major cause of death across the globe.
- COPD condition is hard to diagnose and is often confused with Asthma.
- According to experts, COPD patients will increase in the future due to an increase in pollution. SO, it is very necessary to make the public aware of it as it cannot be treated and only can be prevented
COPD In India
- With rising pollution and smoke in India, it becomes necessary for the country to generate awareness campaigns on COPD.
- according to the Skymet report, Delhi, Mumbai, and Kolkata are among the top 10 most polluted cities in the world.
- According to the International Journal of Pulmonary and Respiratory Sciences, between 1990 and 2016 the prevalence of COPD has increased by 29.2% in India.
Indian Naval Academy bestowed with President’s Colour honor
- Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala was honored with President’s Colour (highest honor bestowed upon any military unit) President Ram Nath Kovind and Supreme Commander of Indian Armed Forces, at Kochi, Kerala.
- INA was awarded this honor in recognition of the 50 years of yeoman service imparted by the institution in training and shaping Indian Naval officers at its – Goa, Kochi and Ezhimala campus.
- President also released a special postal cover to mark this occasion.
- Among the three armed forces i.e. Army, Airforce, and Navy , Indian Navy was the first to receive the President’s Colour on 27 May 1951.Dr. Rajendra Prasad. then President of India Besides presented the award.
- Other units of Indian navy like INA, Southern Naval Command, Western Naval Command, Eastern Naval Command, Western & Eastern Fleet and Submarine Arm have also received this award.
About Indian Naval Academy
- Indian Naval Academy was first established at Kochi, Kerala in 1969.
- In 1986, With the rise in the number of trainees, it was shifted to INS Mandovi at Goa.
- Later on 8 January 2009, INA was permanently shifted to Ezhimala, Kerala.
Top Current Affairs for November 20, 2019
ISRO to Launch Cartosat-3 and 13 nanosatellites
- ISRO will launch Cartostat-3, an imaging and mapping satellite along with 13 commercial nanosatellites of the United States on November 25, 2019, from Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota.
- PSLV-C47, a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle will launch the satellites and Cartostat-3 into Sun Synchronous Orbit
- The third generation Earth observation satellite Cartosat-3 is the most advanced imaging satellite built by ISRO.
- It can produce high-resolution aerial images and has advanced features like Panchromatic ( ability to capture all visible color of light), Hyperspectral (ability to capture light from the electromagnetic spectrum ) and Multispectral ( ability to capture light from specific ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum)
- Eight Cartosats have been launched till date.
13 commercial satellites
- Luxembourg based space company Kleos is launching the 13 satellites as a part of its Scouting Mission (multi-satellite constellation mission) with an aim to provide a global picture of unregistered marine activity and surveillance and intelligence capability to government and commercial entities.
- Automatic Identification System is also there in the mission that corrects commonly faced challenges of the surveillance mission.
India and ADB sign 91 million USD to improve water resources in Karnataka
- India signed a 91 million USD agreement with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to improve the water security of Karnataka on November 18, 2019.
- The loan will help to increase the efficiency of the Krishna river basin and modernize 442 kilometers of main distributaries in the Vijayanagara Channel irrigation systems.
Benefits of improvement of water resources
- It will help the Karnataka government to save 1,700 million cubic meters of water that can be used on additional 160,000 hectares of farmland.
- 30 water user cooperative societies will be established under this project which will strengthen irrigation canals of the farmers.
- It will help to improve the efficiency of 84% of the state’s total water use.
Asian Development Bank
ADB was founded on 19 December 1966 and is headquartered in the Philippines. The Bank’s aim is to eradicate poverty from the world.
2nd edition of “South Asia Safety Summit”
- Ministry of Women and Child Development along with social media giant Facebook organized the 2nd edition of South Asia Safety Summit in New Delhi.
- 100 organizations from Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, and India participated in the summit.
- The aim of the summit was to highlight the issue of the safety of individuals and communities on the digital platform.
- Smriti Irani, minister of textiles launched ‘We Think Digital’, an online global digital literacy programme on this occasion.
- A cybercrime portal was also launched by WCD to help women register a complaint of online threats or bullying.
The IMD World Talent Ranking 2019
- In the 2019 IMD, World Talent Ranking India slipped to 59th rank from 53rd in 2018 among 63 countries.
- The ranking was released by the International Institute for Management Development.
IMD World Talent Ranking
- Switzerland based International Institute for Management Development (IMD) releases the ranking annually on the basis of investment & development, appeal and readiness of the country.
- Through these 3 categories countries, performance is access in areas like the cost of living, quality of life, education, language skills, apprenticeships, workplace training, remuneration, and tax rates.
- Switzerland, Denmark, and Sweden ranked first, second and third respectively.
- Among Asian countries, Singapore and Hong Kong shared the 15th spot.
2019 World Conference on Access to Medical Products: Achieving the SDGs 2030”
- New Delhi hosted the 2019 World Conference on Access to Medical Products Achieving the SDGs 2030.
- Ashwini Kumar Choubey, Union Minister of State for Health & Family Welfare inaugurated the conference.
- The aim of the conference is to stir innovative thinking around issues surrounding the provisioning of affordable, quality medical products as part of the public health care delivery systems.
- The conference provided a platform to share the knowledge that needs to be used for larger public welfare.
- IN the conference White Paper on Safety of Rotavirus Vaccine in India, Position Paper-2019 World Conference on Access to Medical Products-Achieving the SDGs 2030, Smart Safety Surveillance Approach and the National Guidelines for Gene Therapy Product Development and Clinical Trials were released.
- It has been designed to take the discussions further for access to medical products on the themes of UHC and innovation, Regulation of medical products and access and Legal landscape, and trade-related aspects in the context of access to medical products.
ICON of the Golden Jubilee Award in IFFI 2019
- India’s most prominent film personalities, Amitabh Bachchan and Rajnikanth, will throw open the golden jubilee edition of the 50th International Film Festival of India in Goa.
- Superstar Rajnikanth was conferred with the Icon of Golden Jubilee Award at the ongoing International Film Festival of India (IFFI).
- Tribute to Late Manohar Parrikar, former chief minister of Goa was paid tribute for making Goa the permanent venue for the festival.
IFFI was founded in 1952 and is a state-backed film festival and is organized jointly by the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Directorate of Film Festivals and Government of Goa. The aim of this IFFI is to provide a common platform for the cinemas of the world to project the excellence of the film art.
2nd edition of ISA Steel Conclave 2019
- Second Edition of ISA-Steel Conclave 2019 will be organized by the Ministry of Steel on 21-22 November 2019 at Hotel The LaLiT, New Delhi.
- Indian Steel Association (ISA) will support the event.
- The aim behind organizing the conclave is to create a platform for the entire Steel Ecosystem and the related sectors.
- The aim of the conclave is to deliberate the Global and Indian Perspectives of the Steel Industry.
- Discussions among the Senior Industry Leaders, Government, and Consultants on the Role of Steel in Construction & Design, Innovations and Technology, Capital Goods, Steel Exports, Environmental Management, and other Cutting-edge Issues. Will be held in the conclave.
- New investments will be made by the foreign investors which will add to steel production capacity in India.
- A report on the Status of the Indian Steel Industry will be released during the conclave.
Awards under four categories will also be given during the conclave –
1) Award for Excellence in Innovation by Downstream Steel Industry
2) Award for Excellence in Steel Journalism
3) Award for Outstanding Researcher (Steel) in an Academic Institute and R&D Labs
4) Award for Excellence in Domestic Sales by Downstream Steel Industry
Top Current Affairs for November 19, 2019
Initiatives of GoI to promote Fit India Movement in schools
- Fit India Programme actions have been developed by the Department of Higher Education under the guidance of the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
- The advisory has been sent to all the Higher Education Institutes, Department of School Education and to Department of Sports at state levels.
- According to the advisory, all education institutes will have to conduct health and wellness activities like sports, yoga, and meditation, etc. and encourage staff and students to participate in it.
- Institutes will have to conduct medical fitness camps and health check-up camps on a regular basis.
- Educational institutes will be responsible to inculcate zero-tolerance policy towards tobacco and substance abuse in the students.
About Fit India Movement
PM Modi in august 2019 launched Fit India Movement. The aim behind launching this movement was to encourage citizens to include fitness activities in day to day life.
Assam Olympic Association (AOA) has launched new programme- ‘Grassroot Olympic – Mission Talent Hunt’
- To identify the sports talent in the state, Assam Olympic Association (AOA) has launched the ‘Grassroot Olympic – Mission Talent Hunt’ programme.
- Sarbananda Sonowal, chief minister of Assam and President of AOA announced the launch of a talent hunt mission during the executive committee meeting of AOA.
Key decisions taken at Executive committee meeting of AOA
- Various sub-committees and commissions for the Khelo India Youth Games scheduled to be held in Assam from January 10-22, 2020 were constituted by AOA.
- AOA will conduct sports events in five categories for players from 10 to 60 years of age in the state.
NITI Aayog released a report on “Health Systems” for a New India
- A report on “Health Systems for a New India: Building Blocks-Potential Pathways to reforms” was released by NITI Aayog on November 18, 2019.
- This report provides a strategy to build a rigid health system for India.
Key findings of the Report
- There are four focus areas identified in the report – To deliver on unfinished public health agenda, To change the health financing from out of pocket expenditures into large insurers, To integrate health services with digitization and last to empower citizens on becoming better health buyers
- According to Niti Aayog multiplicity prevents standardization of purchasing procedures.
Advocacy of the report
- The health care system and its financing structure in India have to be changed.
- The practices of Karnataka’s Suvarna Arogya Suraksha Trust is recommended by the report.
- The report suggests extending the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana, the cashless insurance scheme which as of now is only focusing on 10 crore poor families, should cover the entire country.
Veteran Indian boxer L Sarita Devi elected to AIBA first Athletes Commission
- L Sarita Devi, Veteran Indian boxer was elected unopposed to International Boxing Association’s (AIBA) first-ever Athletes Commission. She was the only candidate contesting the election from the Asian region.
- Six boxers from 5 continents are elected as members of the commission.
- Asian bloc in this Commission will be represented by L Sarita Devi.
- The election for members of this commission was conducted in Russia during AIBA men’s and women’s Boxing Championships 2019.
About Laishram Sarita Devi
- Laishram Sarita Devi was born on 1 March 1982 in Manipur. She began her professional boxing career in 2020.
- She has won 5 gold in Asian Championships and was honoured with the Arjuna award in 2009 by Central Government for her achievements.
- The executive committee of the Boxing Federation of India (BFI) nominated her for the position in the world body.
- She is also DSP with Manipur Police.
- She was imposed by a year ban by the AIBA because she refused to accept the bronze medal in 2014 Asian games which were held at Incheon, South Korea.
About AIBA Athletes Commission
- AIBA Athletes Commission was set up as a part of the reforms recommended by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) for AIBA.
- One male and a female boxer from Asia, Oceania, Africa, the Americas, and Europe are the members of the commission.
- Members of the commission act as a bridge between AIBA and boxers to ensure transparency and coordination in the framing of rules and projects for the sport. The members also work with the IOC to ensure that boxers are represented in its athletes’ commission.
Naval Exercise between Qatar and India
- Za’ir-Al-Bahr (Roar of the Sea) – a three-day naval exercise, is being conducted between Indian and Qatar Naval Forces from November 17 and November 21, 2019.
- In 2008, a diplomatic defence agreement was signed between India and Qatar. The annual defence training was also part of the agreement.
- This exercise which is being conducted for the first time between the two nations will enhance interoperability between the two naval forces.
- Qatar is located near petroleum deposits in the Persian Gulf and the joint exercise will help the Indian ships sailing through the region.
Highlights of the exercise
- Frigate INS Trikand and Patrol Aircraft P8-I along with Rafale aircraft are attending the exercise from the Indian side.
- The exercise will include Surface action, interdiction operation, Air defense, maritime surveillance and anti-terrorism
- Anti-Ship Missile equipped Barzan Class Fast Attack craft and Rafale aircraft are the Qatar Emiri Naval Forces participating in the exercise.
Pakistan is the First Country to introduce WHO-approved India made Typhoid Vaccine
- Pakistan is the first nation to introduce the WHO-approved India made typhoid vaccine.
- The Vaccine will be used in southern Sindh province because, since 2017, more than 10,000 cases of Typhoid were documented in this area.
- Indian Vaccines and Biotherapeutics Manufacturer, Bharat Bio-Tech received a Pre-Qualification tag from WHO for the TPV.
- 10 million children aged nine months to 15 years will be targeted through a four-week campaign launched with the support of the Gavi Vaccine Alliance, based in Geneva.
- In Pakistan since 2017 around 70% of deaths ( mostly children )have happened due to typhoid.
Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine
India manufactured TCV was recommended by WHO in 2018 for infants and children over 6 months of age in typhoid endemic countries. United Nations Children Fund (UNCF) is funding the vaccine.
Typhoid is caused due to unsafe water and sanitation systems and inadequate drinking water.
Top Current Affairs for November 18, 2019
Landmark of 250th session of Rajya Sabha
- 18th November 2019 marked the landmark 250th session of Rajya Sabha.
- On this occasion, Chairman M Venkaiah Naidu released a publication that details the upper House’s journey since its first sitting in May 1952.
- Various events were conducted to celebrate this landmark 250th session of Rajya Sabha which included:
- “Rajya Sabha: The Journey since 1952” publication was released. This publication provided a glimpse of various aspects of the functioning of the House and its Hindi version.
- A Discussion was held in the house on topic ‘Role of Rajya Sabha in Indian Polity: Need for Reform’.
- Silver coin of Rs.250 and Postal Stamp of Rs.5.00 was released.
About Rajya Sabha
- The Rajya Sabha or Council of States was founded on 3rd April 1952 and is the upper house of the Parliament of India.
- It currently has a maximum membership of 245, of which the legislatures of the states elect 233 members.
Darjeeling Green and White Tea gets a Geographical Indication(GI) Tag
On November 16, 2019, Green Tea and White Tea of Darjeeling were registered under “Geographical Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999”. The first product to receive the GI tag in India was Darjeeling Tea.
Green Tea & White Tea
- Darjeeling produces 10 lakh kg of Green Tea and 1 lakh kilograms of White Tea every year.
- Green Tea is made from simple tea leaves but it does not undergo the process of withering and oxidation.
- White Tea is one of the most delicate tea varieties and it is minimally processed. The leaves are harvested before the leaves open completely.
- The price of these tea varies from 3000 to 10,000 per kg.
The Geographical tag Indication is given to products that correspond to a specific geographical location. The tag provides identity to the product in the international market. The Geographical Indications are defined by the WTO’s Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Agreement. In 2009, India enacted the GI of Goods act as a member of WTO and as a signatory of TRIPS agreement.
Gotbaya Rajapaksa to be sworn in as new President of Sri Lanka
- Gotabaya Rajapaksa, the former wartime Defence Chief of Sri Lanka has won the Presidential Election.
- Gotabaya Rajapaksa defeated rival Sajith Premadasa by 52.25% of the vote.
Highlights of elections
- National Security was a dominant issue as Islamic Group targeted churches and hotels in the Island. In April 2019, serial bomb blast took place which claimed life of more than 250 people.
- 83.7% voting was conducted in the state.
- Totally 35 candidates contested in the Presidential Election
The World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims was observed on 17 November 2019
- Every year on the third Sunday of November World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims is observed globally.
- This day marks appropriate acknowledgment of victims of road traffic crashes and their families.
- This year the day was observed on 17 November 2019.
- The theme (motto) for year’s World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims was “Life is not a car part”.
- The theme was based on Pillar 3 of the Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety – Safer vehicles.
- Road traffic crashes are the major cause of casualties for children and young adults aged 5–29 years.
- People of low-income countries have a three times higher risk of dying in a road traffic crash than high-income countries.
- Around 3/4th of all road traffic deaths across the world are among cyclists, Pedestrians, and riders of motorized 2- and 3-wheelers.
About World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims
- World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims was started in 1993 by Road Peace, a national charity for road crash victims in the United Kingdom.
- It is observed and promoted worldwide by several Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs).
- United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on 26 October 2005 adopted a 60/5 resolution and officially declared observance of World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims on every third Sunday in November each year.
- To celebrate this day, UN and WHO encourage Road Safety Collaboration with governments and NGOs around the world.
India extends Visa-on-Arrival facility to UAE
- Visa-on-arrival facility will now be available to citizens of UAE travelling to India.
- This is done with an aim to strengthen strategic ties between the two countries and to enhance people to people contacts and trade relations.
- India is currently offering a visa-on-arrival facility to citizens of Japan and South Korea.
- From 16 November 2019, the visa-on-arrival facility for the nationals of UAE will be available for a period of 2 months with double entry for tourism, business, medical purposes, and conference.
- Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, and Kolkata airports will have this facility.
- Only those UAE nationals who have earlier obtained an e-Visa or a normal paper visa for India will be able to avail this facility.
- Pakistan Origin UAE nationals will not be eligible for Visa-on-Arrival Scheme.
Govt of India to set up FACT Check Module to curb fake news
- The government of India’s Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has decided to set up FACT Check Module to identify incidences of fake news on social media and digital platforms and take corrective action.
- As of now the module will focus on online and digital news but will, later on, cover electronic media too.
- The aim of introducing this module is to protect the government and its agencies from fake news.
- Information service officers will initially take charge of this module and they will create appropriate content to re-balance narrative and promote the government’s official position.
- The module will work on the four principles that are – find, assess, create and target (FACT). It will also involve round-the-clock monitoring of online news sources and publicly available social media posts.
- It will also identify stories that promote false and misleading information relating to the government and its agencies
Top Current Affairs for November 16 & 17, 2019
First-ever International Buyer-Seller meet was held in Arunachal Pradesh
- Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) in guidance of Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry organized Country’s first-ever international buyer-seller meet on Agriculture & Horticulture produce in Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, on 14-15 November 2019.
- The meeting was inaugurated jointly by Tage Taki, Minister of Agriculture and Horticulture, Government of Arunachal Pradesh and Bidol Tayeng, Chairman, APEDA and Secretary, Agriculture and Horticulture, Government of Arunachal Pradesh.
- The aim behind this meet was to facilitate market linkages for agri-exports from the North Eastern Region (NER), especially Arunachal Pradesh, APEDA, and Department of Agriculture & Horticulture, Government of Arunachal Pradesh and to promote the export of agricultural products.
- Buyers from seven countries namely UAE, Sultanate of Oman, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Indonesia, and Greece attended the meet.
- The conference provided a platform for Business-to-government (B2G) and Business-to-Business (B2B) meetings of international buyers with the importers and exporters and the progressive farmers and growers from the North East Region (NER).
- Various sessions were held to discuss the opportunities and prospects of agriculture and horticulture exports.
- Products of Arunachal Pradesh like Mandarin oranges, king chilly, large cardamom, kiwi, pineapple, organic products, other fresh fruits, vegetables, flowers, and spices were showcased by the Exporters and farmers.
Regional conference on ‘Replication of Good Governance Practices’ in J&K and Ladakh concludes
- A two-day conference was held in Ladakh on 15th & 16th of November 2019 by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG) in collaboration with the government of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh on the theme- ‘Replication of Good Governance Practices in Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh’.
- Dr. Jitendra Singh, Minister of State for Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region inaugurated the conference.
- Delegates from around 19 states and 4UTs participated in the conference.
- States of Meghalaya, Jammu and Kashmir and Tamil Nadu shared their experience of grievance redressal.
- The main aim of the conference was to provide a platform for national and state-level organizations to share the best practices on topics such as Digital Governance, Capacity Building, Aspirational Districts, Citizen-Centric Governance, and Personnel Administration.
India marked 78 among 200 countries in Bribery Risk Index 2019
- In the Global Bribery Risk Index released by Trace Bribery Risk Matrix, India ranked 78th with a total risk score of 48.
- Score from 1 to 100 was provided by TRACE to each country for each domain. The higher any country scores, the chances of business bribery also rise.
- Bangladesh ranked 51 with a score of 72 out of 100.
- According to the survey, New Zealand, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, and Finland are the five countries with the lowest bribery risk while Venezuela, Yemen, North Korea, South Sudan, and Somalia are the countries with the highest bribery risk.
- Among the South Asian countries, Afghanistan ranked 168, Pakistan ranked 153 and are the South Asian countries with a high bribery risk rate whereas Bhutan ranked 52 and has the least risk of bribery among the South Asian countries.
TRACE Matrix, globally recognized anti-bribery business association, is registered in Canada and is headquartered in the United States.
Goa to ban plastics and pet bottles from 2020 January
- With an aim to eliminate smaller packaging Goa has decided to implement a complete ban on the use of all plastics below 50 microns by 2020.
- The ban will include sachets, soft drinks, water, and other drinks sold in pet bottles of volumes below 500ml.
- The first move of the policy will ban smaller packaging and pet bottles.
- Retired teachers and government official will be roped in to implement the ban at the village-level
- The first phase of the ban will start in January 2020.
NASA renames Ultima Thule to ‘Arrokoth’
- The farthest cosmic body, earlier known as ‘Ultima Thule’ has been renamed by The US Space Agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to ‘Arrokoth’ or Sky.
- The decision of renaming the cosmic body was taken by NASA because it was criticized over the old name’s Nazi connections.
- The rock was previously named ‘Ultima Thule’ which meant “farthest place”, but it gave rise to controversy because in the past the word ‘Thule’ has been associated with Nazis.
- So, the object will now be known as Arrokoth, a Native American term meaning ‘Sky’ and symbolizes ‘icy-object’.
- The New Horizons team, who led the mission to study the object proposed the new name to International Astronomical Union (IAU) and Minor Planet Center (MPC) which officially names and categorizes Kuiper Belt objects.
Water Quality Report for state capitals and new Delhi
- Shri Ram Vilas Paswan, the Union Minister of Consumer Affairs released ‘The Water Quality Report’ in line with the Jal Jeevan Mission that was launched to provide clean and safe drinking water to all by 2024.
- BIS (Bureau of India Standards) conducted a survey to check on the quality of piped drinking water provided in the cities, especially in the state capitals. Based on this report, cities were provided rankings.
- The study was completed in two phases – samples of drinking water were collected across Delhi in the first phase, and in the second phase drinking water samples were collected from several state capitals.
- The tests were conducted on parameters such as Toxic substances, Chemicals, Organoleptic tests, Bacteriological tests, and physical tests.
Highlights of the report
- In Delhi,10 samples out of 11 samples failed to comply with the standards of Indian Standards
- Ranchi, Shimla, Bhubaneshwar, Amravati and Raipur were the best performing cities where almost all the samples were up to the standard.
- Thiruvananthapuram. Chandigarh, Bhopal, Patna, Bengaluru, Gandhinagar, Lucknow, Chennai, Dehradun, Kolkata, and Jaipur are the worst-performing cities where only very few or none of the samples were under the Indian Standards
National Press Day
- Every year on November 16 the National Press Day (NPD) is celebrated as symbolic of free and responsible press in India.
- Press Council of India (PCI) started functioning as moral watchdog on this day with an aim that the press maintains high standards expected from this powerful medium and it is not fettered by the influence or threats of any extraneous factors.
Press Council of India (PCI)
- PCI is a statutory body and it derives its mandate from Press Council Act, 1978.
- It consists of Chairman and 28 other members of whom 20 represent press, five are nominated from two Houses of Parliament and three represent cultural, literary and legal fields. It addresses complaints against and by press for violation of ethics and for violation of freedom of press respectively.
The first edition of Dhaka Global Dialogue
- Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of Bangladesh inaugurated the first edition of Dhaka Global Dialogue which was held from 11-13 November 2019 in Bangladesh.
- Observer Research Foundation (ORF), New Delhi and Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies (BIISS) jointly organized this programme.
- 50 countries and more than 150 delegates participated in the programme to discuss some of the most pressing global imperatives in the context of the Indo-pacific region.
- Dhaka Global Dialogue will act as a platform for countries in this region on the way of achieving environmentally sustainable peace and prosperity.
- Bangladesh can act as a bridge between South Asia and South-East Asia because of its geographical location is advantageous and strategic.
- It is believed that the Asian Century will be shaped by stories of transformations in the east and its collective rise.
- Bangladesh is an example of adaptive resilience which could be emulated by other countries globally.
- The principle of Bangladesh’s foreign policy ‘friendship to all, malice to none’. Bangladesh has become a role model for other countries for its peaceful resolution of maritime disputes and land boundary agreement with neighbouring India and Myanmar.
Top Current Affairs for November 15, 2019
AP launches ‘Nadu-Nedu’ programme
- Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh YS Jagan Mohan Reddy Launched the “Nadu-Nedu” Program.
- The aim behind launching the Nadu-Nedu programme is to transform the government schools in the state to competitive and vibrant institutions.
- The implementation of the scheme will be in two-phase, In the first phase, there will be 15,715 government schools with a budget of Rs. 12,000 crores with 3 years of span of time in which Rs. 3,500 crores will be spent on the development of the infrastructure of the schools in the very first year.
- The Chief Minister said that apart from criticism faced the government will be setting up the English Medium Schools as it is the need of the hour to prepare the students for the future and for the future generation to prepare themselves.
- The CM stated that this is the top priority to continue with the mission.
- The Chief Minister also said that the entire infrastructure will be transformed along with up-gradation of English labs and also provide basic amenities like blackboards, furniture, running water, compound wall, clean environments, and renovation and also involve the parent committee.
- The government also plans to launch the ‘Amma Vodi’ programme on January 9, 2020, To encourage mothers to send their children to schools.
- The government will establish a Skill Development University under which 25 skill development centres will be set up which will function with education and industry.
- Over 4 lakh jobs will be created in which 1 to 3 lakh will be government jobs.
‘United Nations’ new report on Pneumonia
- The latest report of the United Nations stated that India has the second-highest number of deaths of children under the age of five in the year 2018 due to pneumonia, a remediable and preventable disease that claimed the life of one child every 39 globally.
- Globally, pneumonia destroyed the lives of more than 800,000 children under the age of five last year, said in a report of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
- The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) also states in his report that most of the deaths take place under the age of two, and almost 153,000 within the first month of life.
- Most of the deaths occured in these five countries: Nigeria (162,000), India (127,000), Pakistan (58,000), the Democratic Republic of Congo (40,000) and Ethiopia (32,000).
- According to the UN agency, just three percent of global infectious disease research spending is allocated to this “forgotten epidemic” is now responsible for 15 percent of deaths in children under the age of five.
- There is a strong link between pneumonia and air pollution and around 50 percent of pneumonia-related deaths are directly or indirectly associated with it.
Largest FDI project of Indian Railways
- A press release made by the Ministry of Railways on 14 November 2019 stated that Indian Railways has entered into the Procurement cum Maintenance Agreement with Madhepura Electric Locomotive Pvt. Ltd. (MELPL), a joint venture of Indian Railways and M/s Alstom.
- In the year 2015, Indian Railways and Alstom came together to transform the heavy freight transportation landscape of the country.
- For freight service and its associated maintenance 800 electric locomotives worth 3.5 billion euros will be manufactured. An agreement has already been signed for the same.
- To manufacture 120 locomotives per year a factory along with township has been set up in Madhepura, Bihar.
- This project will allow safer and faster movement of heavier freight trains.
- This locomotive will be a game-changer on the dedicated freight corridor and it will haul 6000T trains at a maximum speed of 100 kmph.
- The success of the project will also boost the ‘Make in India’ program and it will further develop supporting units for locomotive components.
- Indian Railways have taken the decision to have 12000 horsepower twin Bo-Bo design Locomotive with 22.5 T (Tonnes) axle load upgradable to 25Tonnes with a design speed of 120 kmph.
- The new locomotive will reduce the congestion and the operational cost for Indian Railways with the 100% electrification.
- In this project, more than 300 engineers from France and India are working in Madhepura, Bangalore.
- This project will create more than 10,000 direct and indirect jobs in the country and 90% of parts will be manufactured in India in the span of two years of time.
Assam launches Sishu Suraksha App for child rights violations
- ‘Sishu Suraksha’ a mobile app was launched by the Assam State Commission for Protection of Child Rights (ASCPCR) on the occasion of Children’s Day on 14 November 2019.
- The aim behind developing this app was to empower citizens to take moral responsibility of protecting future generations. With the help of this app people in Assam could complain about the violation of child rights in seconds.
- An e-complaint box was developed by the ASCPCR keeping in mind the mission of a Digital India.
- the Assam State Commission for Protection of Child Rights, monitoring visits to various districts in the state, observed that the message of protection of rights of children is yet to reach the masses. In 2019, according to the ASPCR, there has been a 55% increase in the number of child trafficking cases in the state.
Mathematician Vashishtha Narayan Singh passes away
- India’s Einstein, Vashishtha Narayan Singh, Renowned mathematician from Basanatpur village of Bihar’s Bhojpur district on 2 April 1942 passed away on 14 November 2019 at Patna.
- Vashishtha was 74 years old and was suffering from schizophrenia, mental illness from the last 35 years.
- He became famous across the globe when he challenged Einstein’s theory.
- He completed his Ph.D. on the subject ‘reproducing kernels and operation with a cycle vector‘ from the University of California, Berkely in 1969.
- It is also said that at the time of the launch of Apollo, the mathematical calculation done by Vashishtha Narayan was exactly the same as the computer’s calculations.
Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s President, to be the chief guest at Republic Day 2020
- Jair Bolsonaro, Brazilian President accepted Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s invitation to become the chief guest at India’s Republic Day celebrations 2020.
- Modi is in Brazil to attend the 11th BRICS Summit.
- Modi met with Bolsonaro on the sidelines of this summit.
PM Modi’s invitation to Bolsonaro
- According to an official statement, Prime Minister Narendra Modi invited Bolsonaro to the Republic Day, 2020.
- The President of Brazil accepted this invitation with pleasure. This statement said that both leaders agreed to broaden their strategic partnerships further.
- BRICS is a group of five nations Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.
- This BRICS summit focuses on creating mechanisms for counter-terrorism cooperation and strengthens India’s relations with the world’s five major economies.
UP govt launches e-Ganna app
- Yogi Adityanath, chief minister of Uttar Pradesh has launched ‘e-Ganna’ a dedicated web portal and a mobile application, for sugarcane farmers of the state.
- The app was launched by at a function in Lucknow by the Cheif Minister.
- During the launch, CM Yogi also informed that record amount has been paid to farmers by sugar mills during the last three years of his government.
About web portal and e-Ganna App
- With this portal, facilitate sugarcane supply by farmers to mills and check irregularities and an online slip for the cane supply will be provided to the farmers by the sugar mills which will ensure that sugarcane farming becomes a profitable business for farmers.
- This app will also help strengthen cane development societies and to curb cane mafia and middleman.
- Moreover, besides ensuring transparency in the process of getting slips, the web and portal will also.
- The app is a result of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s relentless commitment to double farmers’ income.
Top Current Affairs for November 14, 2019
Chief Justice of India’s office under RTI Act, but conditions apply: Supreme Court in the landmark judgment
- The Supreme Court on November 13, 2019, upheld the 2010 judgment of Delhi High Court which stated that the RTI (Right To Information) Act was applicable to the office of Chief Justice of India also.
- According to the Supreme court, the CJI office and the SC come under Article 124.
- Another key point of the judgment says that the relationship between the CJI and the judges would neither be fiduciary nor be beneficial.
- The motive of the seeker of information is not a relevant consideration under Section 6(2) of the act, said the court.
- Under the RTI Act, the Public Information Officer has vast discretion. It is the duty of the PIO to ensure that judicial independence and accountability are well maintained.
- SC has to maintain confidentiality in certain aspects of judicial administration.
- In 2010, the Central Information Commission ordered the SC Central Public Information Officer to give information regarding the personal assets possessed by the Supreme Court judges.
- The order was challenged at the Delhi HC to which it ruled that SC and CJI have statutory duty to furnish information regarding the administration and functioning of the SC.
- In 2010, on the HC verdict aappeals were filed to SC. The hearing started in 2016 and the judgment was pronounced in 2019.
India and Russia to set up cybersecurity
- On the Kundankulam nuclear power plant, India and Russia are to set up cybersecurity cooperation in the backdrop of cyber-attack.
- Rosatom, a global nuclear major built the plant.
- Earlier in the year 2019, a part of a network of India’s largest civil nuclear facility was breached during a hacking attack at the Kudankulam in Tamil Nadu.
- However, the attack did not weaken critical systems that are linked to the functioning of the plant but it does weaken the facility’s administrative network.
- The Russian authorities were informed by the Indian authorities of the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NCPIL) that the plant is safe, and further steps have been taken to enhance its security to a greater extent.
- After the incident, Indian agencies and the Russian authorities are working together to stop any further attacks.
Russia and India
- Russia and India have a strong cybersecurity bond. Russia and India at the BRICS summit in Brasilia are also focused on dealing with the challenge of terrorism and referred to setting up a number of working groups. It also aims to deal with terror financing and transnational crimes.
Kudankulam nuclear power plant:
- Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant was commissioned on 22 October 2013, operated by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NCPIL).
Sri Lanka criminalize offences related to match-fixing
- Sri Lanka has become the first South Asian nation to pass the Prevention of Offences Related to Sports.
- Match-fixing offenses are being criminalized.
- The recent investigation by the Anti Corruption Unit of the country leads the drafting of the Bill.
- The aim of the Sri Lankan government to stamp out the corruption scandals that have affected the national team in the past few years.
- This bill covers all forms of sports and it also makes it illegal for former players and others involved in sports to provide corrupt figures access to current players.
- According to the Bill, The term of jail will be of up to 10 years and also be required to pay various fines if a person is found guilty of committing an offence related to corruption in sports.
Mihir Shah Committee to draft New National Water Policy
- The government of India appointed Mihir Shah and formed a high-powered committee to draft and analyze water reforms.
- The Union Ministry of Water Resources made the announcement about the team on 11th November 2019.
- The work of the ten-member committee is to bring the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) and the Central Water Commission (CWC) in its ambit and to analyze the various gaps left unaddressed by the two agencies.
- The Ministry of Water Resources drafted the National Water Policy which will ensure the development of water resources and their optimum utilization.
- The National Water Policy was reviewed and updated for the first time in 2002 and later in 2012.
- The first National Water Policy was adopted in September 1987.
World Diabetes Day is observed on 14 November
- November 14th is observed as World Diabetes Day in 160 countries and territories across the globe.
- The day was first observed in 1991 by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the World Health Organization (WHO).
- In 2007, after the United Nations passed a resolution on diabetes, it was formally adopted and on 14 Novemeber 2007 it was celebrated across the globe.
- The aim behind celebrating this day is to promote the efforts done by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF).
- World Diabetes Day has observed in around 200 diabetic member associations across 160 different countries. Apart from these associations, medical professionals and individuals all over the world celebrate World Diabetes Day.
- 2019 World diabetes day will be celebrated with a theme Family and Diabetes. The theme highlights the impact that diabetes has on the person and family of those affected.
- The campaigns is represented by a blue circle logo on a white background. The blue circle represents the global symbol for diabetes awareness.
India International Trade Fair Begins
- New Delhi will host the 39th India International Trade Fair on November 14, 2019. It is expected that around 25,000 people will visit the fair.
- The theme of the fair is based on India’s 63rd rank in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business and is “Ease of Doing Business”.
- The fair will serve as a center point for the private sector enterprises, government agencies and the non-government institution.
- UK, Turkey, Tunisia, Thailand, Nepal, Myanmar, Iran, Indonesia, Hong Kong, Egypt, China, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Australia, and Bahrain will participate in the fair.
- Bihar and Jharkhand states will be given preference this year
- The fair is to promote the products and equal opportunities to large corporations, MSME, artisans, and self-help groups.
‘Project Zero’ introduced by Amazon in India?
- ‘Project Zero’ has been introduced in India by Amazon to block the selling of counterfeit goods on its platform and to ensure that customers receive original goods when shopping on Amazon.
- A pilot test was run by Amazon in India to test the experience and many companies participated in the pilot test.
- Approximately, 7000 brands from Europe, Japan, and the United States have already registered for the project zero.
- The company uses three steps to detect counterfeits –
How does Project Zero work?
It combines advanced technology and innovation of Amazon along with sophisticated knowledge that brands listed of the platform have of their own intellectual property as well as how best to detect counterfeits of their products. It does so through 3 powerful tools:
(1) Automated protections
(2) Self-Service Counterfeit Removal Tool
(3) Product serialization – Brands are given a unique code that brands have to apply within their manufacturing and packaging processes. It allows Amazon to individually scan and confirm the authenticity of every single purchase of a brand’s enrolled products through Amazon’s marketplace.
Top Current Affairs for November 13, 2019
India ranked fourth in the 14th Asian Championship Shooting
- At the 14th Asian Shooting Championship in Qatar, Saurabh Chaudhary, Indian teen shooter bagged the silver medal by shooting 244.5 in men’s 10m air pistol event.
- North Korea’s Kim Song Guk bagged the gold by shooting 246.5.
- India with a medal tally of 26 out of which, five gold, ten silver, and 11 bronze and secured 4th position.
- China bagged the first rank, followed by South Korea and North Korea.
- Manu Bhaker of India bagged the gold medal In women’s 10 m air pistol event by defeating China’s Wang Qian.
- The team of Chaudhary, Sharvan Kumar, and Verma bagged bronze with a total of 1740 in the qualifying, finishing behind China (1745) and Korea (1744).
2019 Asian Championships
The 14th edition of the 2019 Asian Shooting Championship was held from 5 to 13 November 2019, at Lusail Shooting Complex, Doha, Qatar.
India, China began the training programme of the 2nd batch of an Afghan diplomat
- India along with China started the training programme of the second batch consisting of 10 Afghan diplomats with an aim to develop war-torn Afghanistan.
- Study tours will be conducted for the diplomats in India and the next part of the training will be conducted in China.
- The first and second batch of Afgan diplomats will meet at the elite Foreign Service Institute (FSI) from 11-23 November in New Delhi, as a part of the training programme.
- Till date, 179 Afghan diplomats had been trained at the FSI and India has provided assistance worth $3 billion for the reconstruction and development of Afghanistan.
Top Current Affairs for November 12, 2019
The Govt has approved setting up four medical device parks in the country
- The central government of India has approved setting up four medical device parks in the country.
- The parks will be set up in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala.
- The aim behind setting up these parks is to support the Make in India initiative. These parks will also provide world-class products at affordable prices for treatment.
- These parks will help the companies to easily plug and play by providing the necessary infrastructure.
- This will not only cut import bills but will also help in easy access to standard testing facilities and reduce the cost of production.
- The project of Andhra Pradesh Medtech Zone for the creation of Common Facility Centre (CFC) for Superconducting Magnetic Coil Testing and Research was given in-principle approval recently.
- The scheme plans to provide Rs. 25 crores or 70% of the project cost of setting up CFCs, whichever is less, for the creation of common facilities in any upcoming park.
27th Conference of Central and State Statistical Organizations (COCSSO)
- The 27th edition of Central and State Statistical Organizations (COCSSO) conference is being organized at Kolkata, West Bengal by the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation (MoSPI).
- The conference was inaugurated by Chairman of National Statistical Commission Prof. Bimal K Roy.
- The theme for the 27th COCSSO conference was Sustainable Development Goals which highlights steps taken for a robust monitoring mechanism for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by MoSPI.
- This conference provides a platform for all stakeholders to come together and discuss statistical matters of interest.
COCSSO is a major national forum that creates coordination between the State and central Statistical Agencies. The aim is to put in synced efforts for making available reliable and timely statistics to policymakers and planners.
National Education Day
- India on November 11 every year, celebrates National Education Day to commemorate the birth anniversary of the first Education Minister of India, Maulana Abdul Azad.
- The credit of establishments of the premier institutes of the country like IITs, IIScs, etc goes to Mr. Azad.
- The day was first observed in 2008 with an aim to increase the literacy rate of the country.
- Every year Campaigns and Programs are organized on this day to spread awareness about education and for the citizens to learn about the importance of education.
- Maulana Azad was one of the senior leaders of the Indian National Congress and an independence activist.
- He was awarded the Bharat Ratna for his contributions towards education.
- University Grants Commission (UGC) that supervises higher education across the country
- He was the founder of Lalit Kala Academy, Sangeet Natak Academy, and Sahitya Academy.
The world’s first CNG port terminal
- Gujarat Infrastructure Development Board headed by Chief Minister Vijay Rupani. Has provided the approval to establish World’s first CNG port terminal at Bhavnagar port.
- In the Vibrant Gujarat Summit held in January 2019, he Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB) had signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with UK-based Foresight Group to set up this port terminal at Bhavnagar.
- Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB) manages the existing port at Bhavnagar
- Foresight Group and Mumbai-based Padmanabh Mafatlal Group will jointly build the terminal. INR 1,900 crore will be invested in this project. Out of which INR.1,300 crore will be invested in 1st phase and INR 600 crore in the 2nd phase.
- The proposed CNG terminal will have a cargo capacity to handle of 1.5 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA) and will also develop facilities such as liquid cargo terminal, Ro-Ro terminal, and container terminal.
Dal Lake to be declared Eco-Sensitive Zone
- Based on the study conducted by the DCI-Dredging Corporation of India, a 10-member committee of Jammu and Kashmir government had declared Dal Lake, an Eco-sensitive Zone.
Findings of DCI
- The lake has shrunk from its original size of 22 square kilometers to about 10 square kilometers due to encroachments and pollution which has in turn shrunk the lake capacity by 40 %.
- Due to untreated sewage water and solid waste flowing into the lake the water quality has deteriorated.
- Extensive growth of water hyacinth due to clogging in the lake has diminished circulation and has emerged as a health hazard
- Due to the absence of desilting, the depth of the lake has reduced in many places d
- The Eco-Sensitive zones are called Ecologically Fragile Areas. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate change notifies a region or territory as ESZ. In General, the regions are around wildlife sanctuaries, protected areas, and National Parks.
The Brown to Green Report
The Brown to Green Report is developed by experts from 14 research organizations and is the most comprehensive review of climate actions of G20 nations. 80 indicators are covered by the report.
Highlights of the report
- 80% of global Green House Gas emissions is by G20 countries.
- The G20 countries lost around 142 billion USD every year between 1998 and 2017, due to extreme weather events.
- There is 1.5-degree Celsius temperature rise in India.
- Out of 181 countries, Russia, India, Italy, Germany, and France were the highest-ranked countries that faced economic losses from extreme weather events.
- Two countries with long term goals were Brazil and Germany.
- Russia, Indonesia, China, Saudi Arabia, EU, and Turkey are lagging ambitious NDC targets as required by the Paris Agreement.
- In terms of climate response, Australia was the worst-performing country according to the report.
About G20 Groupings
G20 is a group of 20 countries including India which was established with the aim of discussing policies pertaining to the promotion of international financial stability. Collectively, the grouping accounts for 90% of the world’s GDP with a two-third world population and 80% of world trade.
Iran has discovered a new oilfield with 53 billion barrels of crude oil
- A new oilfield with 53 billion barrels of crude oil ran has been discovered in Khuzestan province, home to Iran’s Khuzestan’s crucial oil industry.
- This discovery could boost the country’s battered economy amid stringent US sanctions.
Key Highlights of Discovery
- The discovery is 2,400 square kilometers (925 square miles), with the deposit some 80 meters (260 feet) deep.
- The discovery of the field is expected to boost the country’s proven 150 billion barrel reserves by a third.
- It could also become Iran’s second-largest field after one in Ahvaz containing 65 billion barrels.
Iran’s Oil Reserves
- Iran has the world’s fourth-largest proven deposits of crude oil reserves which is 155.6 billion barrels and this new oil filed discovery would add about 34% to its total reserves.
- Iran is also a founding member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
Top Current Affairs for November 11, 2019
Former Chief Election Commissioner TN Seshan passed away
- Former Chief Election Commissioner Tirunellai Narayana Iyer Seshan, passed away due to a cardiac arrest. He was 87 years old and was not keeping well from the last few years.
- Born in Palakkad district of Calcutta, Seshan was the 1955 year IAS officer of Tamil Nadu cadre.
- He was the 10th Chief Election Commissioner and served between 1990 and 1996.
- He was also bestowed with Ramon Magsaysay Award for his services in 1986.
Electoral Reforms by Seshan
- Seshan introduced Election Commission’s constitutional powers to the politicians under check
- He during his tenure as CEC following activities were made offensive during elections Bribing voters, Distributing alcohol during elections, Using official machinery for campaigning, Approaching voters to appeal on caste or community basis, Use of loudspeakers and high-volume music, Using worship places for campaigning, A limit was imposed on the election expenditure of the candidate.
National Entrepreneurship Award conferred by Mahendra Nath Pandey
- Dr. Mahendra Nath Pandey, The Union Minister of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship conferred the National Entrepreneurship Awards 2019 to Enterprises and Ecosystem builders on 9 November 2019.
- The aim of the award is to honor the outstanding young First-Generation Entrepreneurs, and Ecosystem builders and their outstanding contribution to entrepreneurship development and provided support to the entrepreneurs.
- It also aimed to establish an entrepreneurial attitude among future generations and the Youth of India.
- 36 entrepreneurs and Ecosystem builders were presented the award by the minister in an award ceremony organized by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
- This was the fourth edition of these awards.
- 9th November marks the completion of 5 years of setting up of the Ministry in 2014.
- The winners were awarded Trophy, Certificate, and a Cash Prize of Rs.5 lakh for enterprises and individuals and Rs.10 lakh for organizations and institutes.
About the Awards
A jury headed by Dr. R.A. Mashelkar along with experts from, academics, industry, and business selected the winners for the award. The winners were awarded under three categories:
♦ A1 category for initial investments up to Rs. 1 lakh
♦ A2 category for initial investments between Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 10 Lakh
♦ A3 category for initial investment between Rs. 10 lakh to Rs. 1 crore
Awards also included four special categories namely Entrepreneur from SC/ST Category, Women Entrepreneur, Entrepreneur from People with Disability category, Entrepreneur from difficult areas
MPC for MILAN exercise was concluded in Visakhapatnam
- The Mid Planning Conference (MPC) for MILAN exercise was held from 8-10 November 2019 at Headquarters Eastern Naval Command (HQENC) Visakhapatnam.
- The sea and the harbor phase of the MILAN 2020 exercise were discussed in detail with the delegates of the participating countries during the conference.
- In this three day conference, over 29 delegates from 17 Foreign Navies took part.
- MILAN 2020 will be conducted at Visakhapatnam in March 2020.
- MILAN a series of biennial a multilateral naval exercises was established in 1995.
- Until 2018, It was conducted at Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC)
- It is for the first time, it has been planned to be conducted on the mainland at Eastern Naval Command
Newly-discovered spider species named after cricketer Sachin Tendulkar
- Dhruv Prajapati, a junior researcher recently discovered two new species belonging to the Indomarengo genus and Marengo genus of Asian jumping spiders.
- He named the two species as Marengo sachintendulkar after Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar and Indomarengo Chavarapatera after Saint Kuriakose Elias Chavara who was a campaigned towards creating awareness about education in Kerala.
- The two new species Dhruv Prajapati is doing PhD in spider taxonomy with Gujarat Ecological Education & Research (GEER) Foundation.
- Russian Journal ‘Arthropoda Selecta’ has published his findings in their September edition.
- World Spider Catalogue also included his discovery of two flat-bodied spiders.
- As part of his postgraduation in zoology from Gujarat University, he had documented 78 unique species of spiders found on the varsity’s campus alone.
Key Highlights of Research
Dhruv discovered Marengo sachintendulkar in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Gujarat. He discovered the species in 2015, but the research and identification work was completed in 2017.”
Indomarengo Chavarapatera was found in Kerala by his friend, however, he continued the work of identification and research which also concluded in 2017.
Top Current Affairs for November 09 & 10, 2019
CSIR-NEERI’s web facility launched
- India’s first interactive online repository named IndAIR ( Indian Air quality Interactive Repository) has been launched by The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI).
- There are 262 studies concerning Delhi- NCR in the repository.
- The main objective of the project is to make air quality research and studies in an easy to access web format for the researchers, public, media, and academics.
- NEERI has archived about 700 scanned materials from the pre-internet era. Apart from these 170 reports and case studies, 1,215 research articles, 100 cases and more than 2,000 statutes to provide the history of air pollution research and legislation in India have been collated.
NCRB Report: Accidental and Suicidal Deaths in India – Farm suicides decline
- On November 8th, 2019, “Accidental and Suicidal Deaths in India report” for the year 2016 was released by The National Crime Records Bureau.
- According to the report, in 2015 there were 10.6 suicides in the cities which has gon down to 10.3 in 2016.
- The data was launched for 36 states and Union Territories and 53 metropolitan cities.
- Natural forces claim around 8.684 deaths. Out of this, 38.2% were due to lighting, 8.9% were due to floods and 15.4% were due to sunstroke.
- Out of all the accidental and suicidal deaths 43.4% were due to traffic accidents, 7.3% were due to drowning, 10.2% were due to sudden deaths, 5.6% were due to poisoning, 4.1% were due to accidental fires.
- In 2016 around 4,09,537 persons died in accidental deaths
- In 2015 the number of farmers who committed suicide was 8,007 which came down to 6,270 in 2016.
- The highest number of farmer suicides was witnessed in Maharashtra followed by Karnataka, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, and Chattisgarh.
- Indebtedness was the major cause of farmer suicides.
World Science Day for Peace and Development
- World Science Day for Peace and Development is observed on 10th November every year across the globe.
- The day was first observed in 2001 by UNESCO with an aim to highlight importance of science in day to day life. It also the need to engage the wider public in debates on emerging scientific issues.
- The theme for 2019 World Science Day is Open science, leaving no one behind’.
- The theme focuses that open Science is not only an issue of science being open to the research community, as in ‘open access’ and ‘open data’ but also refers to a science open to society.
Top Current Affairs for November 08, 2019
Indian Railways installed two Health ATMs at the Charbagh railway station
Two Health ATM’s have been installed by the Indian Railways (IR) in association with OLO Health ATM at the Charbagh railway station in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
- 16 health check-ups for Rs.50-100 will be provided by the kiosks.
- The move aims to achieve the objectives of the Fit India programme.
- 50-60 persons are using Health ATMs every day.
About Health ATMs
- Health ATMs can conduct 2 types of check-ups, first is a 6-minute type check-up for Rs.50 second is a 9-minute type check-up for Rs.100.
- User will receive the report instantly on registered email or the smartphone of the user.
- The check-ups include the blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI), body fat, metabolic age, muscle mass, haemoglobin, muscle mass, basal metabolic rating, visceral fat, weight, height, temperature, oxygen saturation, pulse rate, blood glucose, bone mass.
- A medical attendant is present at the Health ATMs at the railways.
- The NorthEastern Railway is planning to install the kiosks in other stations such as Gorakhpur, Gonda, Prayagraj, and Basti.
The 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Water Management
Pune hosted the 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Water Management on 6 November. Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, the Union Minister of Jalshakt inaugurated the conference. In his address, he said that by 2024 the target of providing safe drinking water to everyone in India will be achieved.
- Half of the total groundwater used by the entire world is used by India.
- The need for the states to work towards seamless data transfer on the water was highlighted in the conference.
- Agriculture sector uses 89% of the water that is available in the country and saving about 5% to 10% of the water in the agriculture sector can help to combat the drinking water requirement of the country for the next 50 years.
10th Asian Conference of Emergency Medicine
Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu inaugurated the 10th Asian Conference of Emergency Medicine (ACEM) in New Delhi organized by the Asian Society for Emergency Medicine (ASEM) and Society for Emergency Medicine India (SEMI) in support of other organizations to draw a plan for emergency care across Asia.
- The conference started on November 7, 2019, and will commence on 10th November 2019.
- India is hosting this biennial conference for the first time.
- The conference aims at bridging gaps in healthcare and creating a positive impact on society and on lectures, discussions and talks on affordable emergency care for all sections of the society.
- Over 32 nations are participating in the conference.
India is to Host the No Money For Terror Conference in 2020
No Money For Terror conference to be held in 2020 will be hosted by India. The No Money For Terror conference 2019 was held in Melbourne, Australia. The announcement of India being the host of 2020 conference was made there.
About No Money For Terror conference
- Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs) of over 100 countries jointly called The Egmont Group to organise The No Money For Terror conference.
- A group of Financial Intelligence Units met at the Egmont Arenberg Palace in Brussels, Belgium, a few years ago, to establish an informal network of FIUs for the stimulation of international co-operation.
- The Egmont Group was build to provide a forum to FIUs around the world to exchange information confidentially to stop money laundering, financing of terrorism and other predicate offences.
Maharashtra Tops In Justice Delivery India Justice Report
India’s first-ever ranking of states on justice delivery was topped by Maharashtra followed by Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Uttar Pradesh and Bihar shared the last and second last spot among the 18 states in the report.
- Among the states having population less than one crore, Goa topped the list followed by Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh.
- The report was compiled by Tata trust and is based on publicly available data of different government entities on the four pillars of justice delivery — police, judiciary, prisons and legal aid.
ReSAREX-2019: ICG conducts Regional level Search and Rescue Workshop and Exercise-2019
ReSAREX- 19: Regional Level Search and Rescue Workshop and Exercise 2019 was conducted by The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) off Goa coast. Coast Guard District Headquarters-11 (Goa) conducted this two-day event to test the efficiency and preparedness of ICG.
About ReSAREX- 19:
- A search and rescue workshop and tabletop exercise, followed by a search and rescue exercise at sea were done in the exercise.
- 2 Chetak helicopters and Dornier aircraft, 5 ICG ships, were used for the workshop.
- The resources from Indian Mission Control Centre (Bengaluru), Captain of Ports, State Marine Police, Goa Medical College, Goa state administration and Marmugao Port Trust were also pressed into service.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy Award by PCI
This year’s Raja Ram Mohan Roy National Award for Excellence in Journalism by The Press Council of India (PCI) has been awarded to Rajasthan Patrika group chairman Gulab Kothari. The awards will be presented on 16 November 2019 on the occasion of National Press Day. The jury comprising of eminent members of PCI like Jai Shankar Gupta, Balwinder Singh and Ashok Upadhyaya did the selection for the awardees.
About National Awards for Excellence in Journalism
- These awards are conferred to recognize the outstanding contribution of journalists/photojournalists of the country in print journalism.
- The award is given in eight categories
- Raja Ram Mohan Roy Award for excellence in journalism carries a cash prize worth Rs.1,00,000.
Winners for different category of National Awards for Excellence in Journalism 2019
Gender-Based Reporting category: Anuradha Mascarenhas, Indian Express Senior Editor and Ruby Sarkar of Deshbandhu
Rural Journalism category: Sanjay Saini, Correspondent, Dainik Bhaskar, Mandi, and Raj Chengappa, Group Editorial Director, India Today
Developmental Reporting category: Shiva Swarup Awasthi, Senior Reporter of Dainik Jagran, and Anu Abrahim, Sub-Editor of Matrubhumi, Calicut
Financial Reporting category: Sandeep Singh, Indian Express Associate Editor and Special Correspondent Krishn Kaushik
Photo Journalism-Single News Picture category: PG Unnikrishnan, Senior Photographer, The Mathrubhumi, and Akhil E S, News Photographer, Mathrubhumi
Photo Journalism-Photo Feature category: Sipra Das, Consulting Editor (Photography), India Empire Magazine and Parliamentarian Magazine
Sports Reporting category: Saurabh Duggal, Hindustan Times
Top Current Affairs for November 07, 2019
‘Ganga Utsav’ in New Delhi
To mark the 11th anniversary of Ganga being declared as the national river, Ganga Utsav was organized in Delhi on 4th of November 2019.
- The utsav was organized in the Major Dhyanchand stadium by Jal Shakti Ministry and the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG).
- The event was organised to generate awareness and gather public participation in the efforts to clean River Ganga and its tributaries.
- Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Union Minister for Jal Shakti and Rajiv Ranjan Mishra, Director General of NMCG also attended the event.
- In the event Initiatives being taken by the NMCG to save the river from getting polluted were also highlighted by Mishra.
- The Ganga is the longest river of India.
- It flows over 2,510 km of mountains, valleys and plains.
- Ganga was declared the National River on November 4, 2008.
- A National Ganga River Basin Authority as an empowered planning, implementing and monitoring authority for the Ganga.
IIT-Madras launches country’s first standing wheelchair: Arise
Country’s first indigenously designed standing wheelchair named as ‘Arise’ has been launched by Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras. The launch was done in presence of the Union Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Thawarchand Gehlot at the institute.
About Wheelchair ‘Arise’
- Wheelchair ‘Arise’ will help a differently-abled person requiring a wheelchair to shift from sitting to standing position, and vice versa, independently and in a controlled manner.
- The testing partners for Arise included individual users, hospitals, NGOs, rehabilitation centres and clinicians who provided inputs.
- The device was designed and developed by TTK Center for Rehabilitation Research and Device Development (R2D2) at IIT Madras in collaboration with Phoenix Medical Systems.
- The project was also supported from foreign countries such as United Kingdom (UK) and moreover, the commercialisation of Standing Wheelchair technology was made possible with support from Wellcome Trust (UK) through an ‘Affordable Healthcare in India’ Award. This award brought together research and manufacturing partners.
- Since Arise is a novel, mass-manufacturable mechanical design (one Indian patent granted, other Indian, US and China patents pending), and with Phoenix’s manufacturing capabilities, it will be made available at an affordable price of around Rs.15,000.
The State Government of Himachal Pradesh is organizing Rising Himachal Global Investors’ Meet 2019
Rising Himachal Global Investors’ Meet 2019 is being organized by the State Government of Himachal Pradesh. This meet is being organized at Dharamshala on 7 -8 November 2019.
- Diplomats, leaders from senior policymakers, corporate sector development agencies and investors from across the globe will attend the event.
- Piyush Goyal, Union Commerce and Industry and Railway Minister, will highlight government investment and policies for promoting investment in Himachal Pradesh and hill states of India.
About Rising Himachal Global Investors’ Meet 2019
- The Global Meet will showcase investment opportunities and policy & regulatory environment in 8 focus sectors for boosting manufacturing and employment generation in Himalayan State.
- These 8 focus sectors include- (1) agri-business and post-harvest technology, (2) housing and urban development, (3) manufacturing and pharmaceuticals, (4) civil aviation, hydro and renewable energy, (5) wellness, tourism and hospitality, (6) healthcare and AYUSH, (7) IT-ITeS and electronics, (8) education and skill development.
- The Rising Himachal Summit is promoted by Invest India, the National Investment Promotion and Facilitation Agency through the India Investment Grid (IIG), a Union government’s initiative to showcase investment opportunities across states and sectors in India on a single interactive platform.
- Invest India under the Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry, helps investors looking for options and investment opportunities in India.
- During the two days Global Investors’ Meet there will also be a session on ‘Growing economic ties between Invest India and United Arab Emirates (UAE)’.
ICAR report on Stubble Burning
ICAR’s Creams Laboratory bulletin on 4th November 2019, stated that there has been a reduction of 12% in incidents of Stubble Burning as compared to the same period in 2018.
Highlights of the report
- As on October 1, 2019, there were 31,402 burning events in the three states Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana
- The state-wise reduction in stubble burning as compared to 2018 is as follows
- Uttar Pradesh-48.2%
- The report says that the reduction is mainly due to the launch of Central Scheme “Promotional of Agricultural Mechanization of In-Situ Management of Crop Residue in Punjab, UP and Haryana and NCT of Delhi”. The main purpose of the scheme is to subsidize the machinery required.
- In the year 2019 the Air Quality Index of Delhi reached 999.
- This is the highest recorded AQI of Delhi in its history.
- According to WHO norms the AQI should be under 100.
- The PM 2.5 (Particulate Matter) concentration was more than 80% as against 50% of the normal course.
- The Stubble burning smoke reaching Delhi is greatly influenced by the Western Disturbances.
- When these Cyclonic circulations is strong and persistent smoke deposited in the city decreases.
- The disturbances are capable of carrying the smoke far and spread them wide when they are strong.
- The weakening of these disturbances lately due to global warming is also one of the reasons for the increased stubble smoke in Delhi.
World Customs Organization recognised HS Code for India’s Signature Fabrics
Khadi, the signature fabric of India has been allocated a separate HS code by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. HS was developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO) and stands for Harmonized System. This code is used by Custom Officers to clear commodities entering or crossing international borders.
About HS Code
- HS Code follows the Kyoto Convention of 1974 and is a multi-purpose International Nomenclature that describes the type of goods being shipped.
- More than 200 countries use this code.
- The code aids countries in the collection of international trade statistics and forms a basis for customs tariffs.
- This helps in better reach of the product and increases its global popularity.
World Customs Organization
- The World Customs Organization or WCO was founded in 1952 and is an intergovernmental organization headquartered in Brussels, Belgium.
- It administers the technical aspects of WTO, agreements on customs valuation and rules of origin. It works towards the development of international conventions, rules of origin, supply chain security, IPRs, customs reforms and modernization, etc.
India’s Signature Fabric
- The term Khadi is used for fabrics that are hand-spun and handwoven. It gained its importance since the freedom movement of the boycott.
- According to the Indian Flag Code, Khadi is the only material allowed to be used for the flag.
- If flying flag is made with any other material the offence is punishable by law with imprisonment up to 3 years and fine.
Bihar State government is to ban all state-owned vehicles that are older than 15 years across the state
Bihar State government is planning to ban all state-owned vehicles that are older than 15 years across the state. The aim of this step is to combat air pollution. The Andhra Pradesh State cabinet is expected to approve the proposal. For the Patna metropolitan area, the restriction will be extended to commercial vehicles too. With this Patna will become the first non-metro city to come under such a ban.
- It aims to create opportunities for the government to buy electric vehicles as well as those that meet Bharat Stage VI standards.
- According to the stats provided by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), the Air Quality Index (AQI) for Patna crossed the severe category at 414.
Ban in other States
- In 2008, Kolkata restricted movement of commercial vehicles older than 15 years.
- In 2015, Delhi restricted the movement of petrol vehicles older than 15 years and diesel vehicles older than ten years.
Freedom on Net 2019 report-China the worst abuser of internet freedom
The Freedom House, an international watchdog released the Freedom of Net report 2019 titled “The Crisis of Social Media”. According to the report, there is an overall decline in global internet freedom status between July 2018 and May 2019. India scored 55 and was reported to be “partly free”.
- Pakistan, with a score of 26, for the ninth consecutive year was declared as “not free” in terms of freedom status
- China obtained a score of 10 and was adjudged “not free”. Also, China was termed the worst abuser of internet freedom for the fourth consecutive year
- On the whole, 65 countries were assessed. Out of these, 33 showed an overall decline in internet freedom. Improvement was seen only in 16 countries.
- Ethiopia recorded the highest improvement in terms of internet freedom
- US had an overall score of 77. The online environment of the US was reported to be free from state censorship and vibrant. However, there was a decline in overall internet freedom in the US for the third straight year.
- Countries like Malaysia, Armenia showed positive trends in the internet freedom status
- Iceland topped the chart with an overall score of 95. It was recorded as the world’s best protector of internet freedom. The country had no civil or criminal cases registered against the users for online expression.
Top Current Affairs for November 06, 2019
Centre, IBM to launch the Skills Build platform
The centre in collaboration with IBM will launch the Skills Build platform. The announcement was made by the Directorate General of Training (DGT), which functions under the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
- This initiative by the Centre is aimed to help the youth to scale themselves as per the changing market trends.
- The government is planning to use technology effectively to benefit the public and to bring innovation in welfare schemes.
- The Skills Build platform initiative is a part of IBM’s global commitment that aims to create a job workforce and to build the next generation of skills needed for new collar careers.
Skills Build platform
- A two-year advanced diploma in IT, cloud computing and networking will be provided at the National Skill Training Institutes (NSTIs) and the Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) under the programme.
- ITI & NSTI faculty on building skills in Artificial Intelligence (AI) will also be trained on this platform.
- Digital learning content from IBM and partners such as CodeDoor, Coorpacademy, and Skillsoft will also be offered.
- The digital platform will ensure to provide a personal assessment of the cognitive capabilities and personality through MyInnerGenius. They will also learn foundational knowledge about digital technologies and professional skills like resume-writing, problem-solving, and communication.
- Students will receive recommendations on role-based education for specific jobs that include technical and professional learning.
Students created Guinness Record for the largest astrophysics lesson
- Guinness World Record was created on the first day of India International Science Festival (IISF) 2019 for the largest astrophysics lesson, with a time duration of 45 minutes, and assembly of spectroscopes with the participation of over 1,598 students.
- Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics organized a session.
- A memento was presented to the organizers on behalf of the Guinness Book of World Records.
- The astrophysics session was dedicated to Dr C V Raman and Dr Meghnad Saha.
Assembly of spectroscopes
- The astronomers use spectroscopes to know various details like the chemical composition of celestial objects hundreds, temperature, or millions of light-years away from the earth.
- Anyone can easily make a small personal model of advanced spectroscopes by using a box made of cardboard. It should have a very narrow window that can be used to channel light into the spectroscope. A small piece of a Compact Disc can be used to split the light by a process called diffraction.
- The construction of such a model was dedicated to Meghnad Saha and C V Raman.
- India International Science Festival (IISF) is the largest science festival in the world.
- The theme for the 2019 IISF festival is RISEN India-Research, Innovation, and Science Empowering the Nation.
Bangladesh Anthem now in Sanskrit
Bangladesh, on the eighth death anniversary of the State’s cultural icon – Bhupen Hazarika has been given a Sanskrit makeover to its National Anthem “Amar Sonar Bangla”. Rabindranath Tagore had composed the national anthem of Bangladesh in 1905. The melody of the hymn is taken from the song “Ami Kothay Pabo Tare” set to Dadra Tala by Baul singer Gagan Harkaras.
About Bhupen Hazarika
- Bhupen Hazarika was an Indian film-maker, playback singer, lyricist, musician, singer, poet and r from Assam.
- He was fondly known as Sudhakantha
- He received the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1987), Padmashri (1977), and Padmabhushan (2001), Hazarika was awarded the Dada Saheb Phalke Award (1992). In 2019 he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna.
- He died on November 5, 2011, at the age of 85.
Wastelands Atlas 2019
Narendra Singh Tomar, Agriculture Minister, released the 5th edition of Wastelands Atlas-2019. It was published by the Department of Land Resources and National Remote Sensing Centre. Department of Land Resources in collaboration with the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) prepared the Atlas.
- Wastelands Atlas-2019 provides complete geospatial information on wastelands of India that can help in planning various land development programs and schemes.
- It can provide State and district wise distribution of different categories of wastelands area in the country and will be helpful in addressing land degradation.
Wastelands Atlas 2019
- The Wastelands Atlas 2019 includes mapping of about 12.08 Mha (Million-hectare meter) so far, in the unmapped area of Jammu & Kashmir. The Atlas presents the changes in wastelands between 2008-09 and 2015-16.
- India holds 2.4% of the total land area of the World and is supporting 18% of the World’s population. The per capita availability of the agricultural land in India is 0.12 ha, and among the world countries, the per capita agriculture land is 0.29 ha. The pressure on the land beyond its carrying capacity results in the degradation of the lands in the country.
ADB to give $451Mn for Chennai-Kanyakumari Industrial Corridor power links
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) will provide a $451 million (appx. Rs.3,200 crore) loan to strengthen the power connectivity between southern and northern parts of Chennai-Kanyakumari Industrial Corridor (CKIC) in Tamil Nadu.
As per ADB, the Manila-headquartered multilateral agency, the total cost of the project is $653.5 million, of which the government will provide $202.5 million.
About Chennai-Kanyakumari Industrial Corridor (CKIC)
- Tamil Nadu Government on January 2019 passed a bill to amend Tamil Nadu Industrial Township Area Development Authority Act, 1997 (TNITADA) to turn CKIC project worth Rs.64.48 billion into reality.
- The first phase of the CKIC project will have Madurai-Virudhnagar-Dindigul-Theni and Thoothukudi-Tirunelveli nodes. The focus of CKIC will be on manufacturing.
- ADB has been assisting in developing CKIC, which covers Tamil Nadu’s 23 out of 32 districts, accounting for 64% of Tamil Nadu’s area and 70% of the state population. The ADB project will allow more power, (which includes renewable energy) to be transferred from new generation facilities in south CKIC to the north, where demand is high.
- Constructing a 400- kilovolt kV network to pool power generated at renewable and thermal power plants in Thoothukudi district to Virudhunagar district in Tamil Nadu is included in the project.
- From Virudhunagar in southern CKIC northwards to the major industrial centre of Coimbatore and state capital Chennai and extra-high voltage 765- kV transmission link for transferring 9,000 MW of extra capacity will be established.
- The estimated date of completion of the project is by the end of 2024.
6th Parliamentary Speakers’ Summit of G20 countries
Japan hosted the 6th Parliamentary Speakers’ Summit of the G20 countries. The summit was held in Tokyo from 3-5 November 2019. Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla led the Indian delegation in the summit. The summit is being attended by Presiding Officers of Parliaments of G20 countries. The Parliamentary summit is unofficially called P20. It was jointly organised by Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), an international organisation (headquartered in Geneva) and the House of Councillors of National Diet of Japan.
Highlights of G20 Summit
The summit had sessions on separate themes pertaining to trade, technology and sustainable development.
- The First Session was based on the theme- ‘Promotion of Free, Open and Fair Trade and Investment’.
- The Second Session was based on the theme- ‘Utilization of Innovative Technology towards a human-centred Future Society’
- Third Session was based on the theme- ‘Efforts towards Resolution of Global Challenges and Achievement Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs: Financing for Development, Need for Transparent and Effective Government, etc.)’.
Top Current Affairs for November 05, 2019
CARAT- 2019: US-Bangladesh Navy exercise
- The second phase of Corporation Afloat Readiness and Training (CARAT) – 2019’, the biggest US- Bangladesh Navy exercise is being held in Chattogram (or Chittagong City) in Bangladesh from 4 to 7 November 2019.
- It is a yearly exercise conducted between the navies of Bangladesh and the United States in the Bay of Bengal.
- The first edition of the exercise was held in 2011.
- The opening ceremony of CARAT- 2019 was attended by Assistant chief of naval staff (operations) Bangladesh Navy and the Commander logistic group, Western Pacific Command Task Force 73 (CTF-73) of US Navy.
- The CARAT- 2019 exercise provides an opportunity to gain a better understanding of operational activities of the Navies of two countries (US- Bangladesh) and to get acquainted with advanced technology through various theoretical and practical training.
eCAPA 2019: First-ever Arts Exposition for talents with Intellectual Challenges
- eCAPA 2019 – Art from the Heart’, India’s first-ever Arts Exposition for talents with intellectual challenges was inaugurated in New Delhi.
- This exposition will continue till 14 November 2019 at STIR Gallery, Chattarpur Farms.
About ‘eCAPA 2019 – Art from the Heart’
- eCAPA 2019 is a unique nationwide platform cum social venture for artists blessed with Down Syndrome, Autism, Mental Retardation, Seizure Disorder and Dyslexia.
- During the event, the divyang artists will be presenting their varied skills in areas such as doodles, drawings, paintings, dance and music. It will also provide them with opportunities to find mentors in visiting artists and eminent masters of different crafts.
IFFCO introduced India’s first Nanotechnology-based fertilizers for on-field trials
The Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO) introduced its Nano-technology based product range for on-field trials on 3 November 2019.
- It was launched at a function held in Kalol, Gujarat. The Nano-tech product includes Nano Nitrogen, Nano Zinc, Nano Copper.
- The nano products were researched and developed at the IFFCO Nano Biotechnology Research Centre (NBRC) at Kalol Unit.
- It has been identified that these nanostructured formulations effectively deliver nutrients to the plants.
- The products aim to improve soil health, reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.
- It will also ensure up to a 15-30% increase in crop production and reduce the requirement of conventional chemical fertilizer by 50%.
- The move is in line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision for doubling the farmer’s income by 2022.
- IFFCO is to test the first phase of the launch on farms under controlled conditions with support from Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) and the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
- The Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited, headquartered in New Delhi was founded on 3 November 1967. It is India’s largest fertilizer manufacturer.
Madhuri Vijay conferred with JCB Prize for Literature 2019 for her debut
Madhuri Vijay won the 2019 JCB Prize for Literature for her debut The Far Field. Vijay has been selected from a shortlist featuring novels from five accomplished writers.
About JCB Prize for Literature
- JCB Prize for Literature is the richest literary honour in the country.
- Indian literary award JCB Prize was established in 2018.
- It is awarded annually with 25 lakh INR (38400 USD) prize to a distinguished work of fiction by an Indian writer working in English or translated fiction by an Indian writer.
- The Literary Director is Rana Dasgupta.
World Tsunami Awareness Day
United Nations in 2015 marked November 5th as the World Tsunami Day.
The day will promote the Target of the Sendai Seven Campaign that focuses on reducing disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services.
- After 3 weeks of the deadly December 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, the international community came together in Kobe, Japan and adopted the 10-year Hyogo Framework for Action.
- IT was the first comprehensive global agreement on disaster risk reduction
- Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System was created to monitor sea level and disseminate alerts to national Tsunami information centres.
In Honor of a Japanese
- The date was chosen in honour of a Japanese farmer.
- The name of the story is popularly known as “Inamura-no-hi” meaning “burning of the rice sheaves”.
- During 1854, the farmer saw a tide receding.
- Understanding the sign of looming Tsunami, he set fire to his entire harvest to warn the villagers.
- Later he also built an embankment and planted trees as a buffer against the future waves.
- The UN calls on countries, international bodies to observe the day to raise awareness and share innovative approaches to risk reduction
- By the end of 2030, around 50% of World Population living in coastal areas are to get exposed to storms, tsunamis and flooding.
- Investment towards early warning systems, resilient infrastructure and education are important to save people and their assets.
Govt. launches ATITHI app for improved customs clearance
Nirmala Sitharaman, Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs, launched new IT intiatives‘ATITHI’ and ‘ICEDASH’ app to facilitate electronic filing of customs baggage and currency declarations by arriving international passengers.
These apps have been introduced by CBIC (Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs) and are available on both, iOS and Android.
About ATITHI app
- ATITHI app is an easy to use mobile application for international travellers to file Customs declaration in advance.
- Passengers can use this app to file a declaration of dutiable items as well as currency with Indian Customs even before boarding the flight to India.
- It is an Ease of Doing Business monitoring dashboard of Indian Customs.
- It will help the public see daily Customs clearance times of import cargo at various ports and airports.
- With ICEDASH, Indian Customs will provide an effective tool that helps businesses compare clearance times across ports and plan their logistics accordingly, thus taking a lead globally.
Science and Technology Media Conclave to be organized at IISF
A Science and Technology Media Conclave is being organized by the Ministry of Science & Technology. The fest will be held on 6-7 November 2019, at India International Science Festival (IISF) 2019 in Kolkata. Chairman of Prasar Bharati, Shri A. Surya Prakash and Dr Vijay P. Bhatkar, President, Vigyan Bharati will inaugurate the conclave.
- The fest aims to bring diverse perspectives from India and abroad to crystallize an ideal vision for science and technology content and its dissemination.
- Around 200 science journalists and communicators from India and some from abroad will interact with delegates.
- There will be discussion regarding issues like science communication in the age of convergence, creating a science niche in the media, the art of science storytelling, research papers, and popular content, social media influencers, regional media, etc.
Top Current Affairs for November 04, 2019
New political maps of J&K and Ladakh released by the Government
- Political maps of newly formed Union Territories (UTs) of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh,s created on 31 October 2019, as well as the map of India depicting these new UTs, were released by the Union Government.
- The map was created by Survey General of India
- In the new map, UT of Ladakh consists of two districts of Kargil and Leh while the rest of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir is in UT of J&K. The Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) is the part of UT of J&K, while Gilgit-Baltistan is in UT of Ladakh.
- The newly created The Union Territories (UTs) of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh were created after, on the recommendation of Parliament, the President effectively dismantled Article 370 of Indian Constitution and gave assent to the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019.
- In the history of India, this is for the first time that a state was converted into two UTs. The total number of states in the country has now risen to 28, while the total UTs have gone up to 9.
- The UT of J&K will now have a legislature such as Puducherry while Ladakh will stay a UT without legislature such as Chandigarh.
Jammu and Kashmir Map
- In 1947, the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir had 14 districts namely- Udhampur, Anantnag, Poonch, Jammu, Gilgit, Baramulla, Leh and Ladakh, Kathua, Reasi, Mirpur, Muzaffarabad, Gilgit Wazarat, Chilhas and the Tribal Territory.
- However, by 2019, the government of the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir had reorganised the areas of these 14 districts into 28 districts. The names of new districts were – Srinagar, Pulwama, Kargil, Ramban, Kupwara, Bandipur, Ganderbal, Budgam, Kulgam, Shupian, Doda, Kishtivar, Samba and Rajouri. Out of these, the Kargil district was carved out from the area of Leh and Ladakh district.
- The newly created map now depicts UT of J&K as comprising 22 districts.
ISRO’s NavIC set to be commercialised by Antrix
- The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Antrix Corporation Ltd. are planning to commercialise India’s regional navigation satellite system, NavIC.
- Antrix recently has floated two separate tenders to identify industries that can develop dedicated NavIC-based hardware and systems.
- NavIC (Navigation in Indian Constellation) is the Indian system of eight satellites that is aimed at telling the business and individual users where they are, or how their products and services are moving.
- The location-based service (LBS) works just like the established and popular U.S. Global Positioning System but within a 1,500-km radius over the sub-continent.
Sumant Kathpalia will be the new MD, CEO of IndusInd Bank
- Sumant Kathpalia has been selected as the new MD & CEO of the private sector lender IndusInd Bank.
- Kathpalia is currently serving as the head of consumer loans at the Hindujas-promoted lender.
- Kathpalia will succeed Romesh Sobti, the current MD & CEO of the bank.
Sumant Kathpalia is serving with the Induslnd Bank since 2008. He is credited with building a consumer loan portfolio. It was a strategy to diversify the loan book adopted by the bank. Kathpalia served as the head of the consumer loans vertical at ABN Amro Bank.
‘Red Atlas Action Plan Map’ unveiled for flood mitigation in Chennai
- ‘Red Atlas Action Plan Map’ atlas and the ‘Coastal Flood Warning System App (CFLOWS-Chennai)’ for flood mitigation in Chennai, Tamil Nadu was unveiled by the Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu.
- Both the atlas and the CFLOWS-Chennai are intended as decision support systems covering aspects, including preparedness and prevention. Such initiatives to effectively tackle urban flooding are likely to be replicated in other Indian cities including Mumbai, Maharashtra.
What is Red Atlas Action Plan Map?
- It is a first of its kind ready reckoner map, prepared by Union Ministry of Earth Sciences to aid state government of Tamil Nadu ineffective flood mitigation in Chennai which witnessed the worst deluge in 2015.
- The atlas is aimed at flood mitigation, preparedness, operations and management aspects. The manual besides showcasing the probable scenarios for different rainfall periods also provides information on corporation wards that are likely to be affected due to flooding, and the areas that may need evacuation in Chennai by taking into account all historical datasets.
- The over 200-page atlas was prepared by the India Meteorological Department (IMD), National Centre for Coastal Research (NCCR) and National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF) in association with TN State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA) and Greater Chennai Corporation.
- Also, the office of the Principal Scientific Advisor (PSA) to Centre government, IIT-Bombay, IIT Madras and Institute of Remote Sensing of Anna University participated from the academia.
What is ‘Coastal Flood Warning System App (CFLOWS-Chennai)’?
- The CFLOWS-Chennai is a complete webGIS-based decision support system that involves coupling models of regional weather forecasts, storm surges and captures about 796 flood scenarios.
- It can be used both for mitigation planning operations before flooding as well as in real-time for aspects like relief work.
OECD: Economic Outlook for South-East Asia
- The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development released its report titled “Responding to Environmental Hazards in Cities” in Economic Outlook for South-East Asia.
- The report was presented at the ASEAN summit, 2019.
- India’s GDP will grow at a rate of 6.6% in the years 2020-2024. This is below than its average growth of 7.4% in the years 2013-17
- Sustaining the efforts taken in the health and banking sectors will be a challenge for India. India will also face difficulties in bridging the disparity between urban and rural infrastructure
- According to the report, China will have to bridge the gap between supply and demand of its digital talent when it steps to improve digital literacy and increase access to digital services
- Among ASEAN countries, Vietnam and the Philippines will remain as growth leaders.
- The report predicts that the emerging trade tensions between USA and China will affect the emerging Asian market
- In 2016 coal and oil produced 39% of South East’s energy sector. This is to increase to 44% in 2040. OECD recommends the implementation of ASEAN Clean Coal Technology for power plants to reduce pollution caused by these factors.
Container Cargo Movement first time in River Brahmaputra
- A landmark container cargo consignment will sail on the inland waterway from the Haldia Dock Complex, Kolkata to the Inland Waterways Authority of India terminal at Pandu in Guwahati.
- It is to begin on November 4, 2019.
- The main objective of the waterway is to improve connectivity to the North Eastern Region. The containers will carry edible oil, petrochemicals, beverages, etc.
About the voyage
- The voyage will sail for 12 to 15 days. It is 1425 km long.
- It is expected to establish the technical and commercial viability of the IWT (Inland Waterway Transport) route.
- The waterway is to be integrated with National Waterway-1 (River Ganga), NW-97 (Sunderbans), NW-2 (River Brahmaputra), Indo-Bangladesh Protocol (IBP) route.
- The Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade (PIWTT) between India and Bangladesh will allow mutually beneficial arrangements for the use of waterways for the movement of goods between the countries.
- Two stretches of Bangladesh waterways Sirajganj-Daikawa and Ashuganj-Zakiganj are being developed on the IBP route at a total cost of Rs 305.84 crores. 80% of the project cost is being borne by India. These two routes will provide seamless navigation to and from North East India.
Top Current Affairs for November 01, 02 & 03, 2019
Trial run for Fastag facility begins at toll plaza in Hejmady
- The trial run for all 12 lanes under the Fastag/Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) scheme began at the toll plaza at Hejmady village in Udupi district on Friday.
- As per the Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) Nitin Gadkari, all toll lanes will be enabled with Fastags with mandatory implementation from December 1.
- The NHAI PIU-Mangalore Personnel and Project Director Shishu Mohan, as well as toll operator team and an independent engineers team, were overseeing the implementation at all lanes with Fastags.
- The aim behind the Fastag payment by the Ministry is to ensure hassle-free movement as well as to facilitate convenient mode of toll payment.
- The toll plaza at Hejmady was one of the 10 toll plazas in the State that have been selected for the trial runs for Fastags/ETC.
- Fastag is an easy to use, reloadable device that uses Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology which enables automatic deduction of toll charges and lets vehicle pass through toll plaza without stopping for cash transaction.
- Having a Fastag enables vehicle owners to cross toll plazas quickly.
Leeladhar Jagoori conferred with 2018 Vyas Samman
- Leeladhar Jagoori, the renowned Hindi poet, received the KK Birla Foundation’s 2018 Vyas Samman on 30 October.
- He was bestowed with this award for his 12th anthology of poetry, Jitne Log Utne Prem.
- Renowned author Govind Mishra presented the award to Leeladhar Jagoori
About Leeladhar Jagoori:
- Leeladhar Jagoori is a journalist, poet of Hindi literature and a teacher.
- His famous books are – Natak Jari Hai, Shankha Mukhi Shikharon Par, and Anubhav Ke Aakash Mein Chand.
- He was also awarded Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian honour, for his contributions to Hindi literature.
About Vyas Samman:
- The Vyas Samman was initiated in 1991 by KK Birla Foundation.
- The award carries prize money of Rs.4 lakh along with a citation and plaque.
Global Microscope for Financial Inclusion report 2019: EIU
- Economist Intelligence Unit’s (EIU) released a repot – The 2019 edition of ‘Global Microscope: The enabling environment for Financial Inclusion’.
- The report is a benchmarking index that assesses enabling environment for financial access as well as underscores the evolving landscape of financial inclusion in selected countries.
- The year 2019 was the 12th edition of the report.
Key Highlights of Report
- Environment for financial inclusion has improved across the globe.
- India, Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Uruguay now have the most favourable conditions for inclusive finance, with Colombia being ranked at first position followed by Peru, Uruguay and Mexico and India ranked 5th.
- India was ranked among top countries with most promising environment for financial inclusion in terms of: effective financial consumer, allowing non-banks to issue e-money and proportionate customer due diligence.
- Only four countries namely India, Colombia, Jamaica and Uruguay scored perfectly across all four parameters.
- Top countries that safeguard e-money via some sort of deposit insurance or protection are India, South Africa, Tanzania, Mexico and Uruguay.
About Global Microscope for Financial Inclusion report
- Global Microscope for Financial Inclusion report is produced by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), the research and analysis division of The Economist Group and was frst published in 2007.
- The EIU was created in 1946 and is the world leader in global business intelligence.
- The 2019 edition of Global Microscope report also features 11 new gender focussed indicators that measure financial inclusion for both women as well as men.
- The report is a benchmarking index that assesses enabling environment for financial access in 55 countries across 5 categories that are – Government and Policy Support, Products and Outlets, Stability and Integrity, Consumer Protection, Infrastructure
Joblessness rises to 3 years high
- According to data released by the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) on Friday, India’s unemployment rate in October rose to 8.5%, the highest level since August 2016.
- The urban and rural unemployment rate for October 2019 is 8.9% and 8.3% respectively.
- Tripura and Haryana saw unemployment levels of more than 20% (the highest), while unemployment was the lowest in Tamil Nadu at 1.1%. Rajasthan saw its unemployment rate double between September and October 2019.
- The data also comes on the back of other indicators showing a downturn in the economy, including the core sector output in September posting its worst contraction in at least 14 years. Earlier, August’s industrial output shrank at its fastest rate in more than six years.
- The paper also stated that Falling manufacturing employment and decelerating construction employment growth are “bad news for the economy”.
National Health Profile 2019 Released
- The 14th National Health Profile (NHP) 2019 was released by the Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare on October 30, 2019.
- the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI) prepared the NHP is prepared.
- It was first published in 2005.
- The data helps in understanding the needs and issues of the population
- It also helps in understanding the goals, their strengths and weaknesses
- There are three major indicators in the NHP highlights they are –
- The Socio-Economic Indicators-Education, Employment, Housing, Amenities, sanitation and drinking water
- Demographic indicator-Population and vital statistics
- Health Status Indicators-Prevalence of communicable and non-communicable diseases
Highlights of the NHP
- In India, Life Expectancy has increased from 49.7 years in 1970-75 to 68.7 years in 2012-16. Life Expectancy of females is 70.2 years and males is 67.4 years
- Out of 6.51 crore people who visited Non-communicable Diseases clinics, 4.75% were diagnosed with diabetes, 6.19% were diagnosed with hypertension, 0.3% were diagnosed with cardiovascular disease and 0.26% were diagnosed with common cancers.
- Delhi has the highest population density with 11,320 people per square km.
- Arunachal Pradesh has the lowest population Density with 17 people per square km.
- The Infant Mortality Rate has declined from 33 per 1000 live births in 2016 to 37 in rural and 23 in urban in 2019.
- In 2016, the Total Fertility Rate was 1.8 and it has increased to 2.3 in rural and 2.5 in urban
- Dengue and Chikungunya are a great cause of concern to public health
- India in 2017 registered a birth rate of 20.2 per 1000 population, the death rate of 63 and natural growth rate was 13.9 per 1000 population
Syrian Govt. and Opposition delegates meet to draft New Constitution
- A meeting was held between the Syrian government and Opposition delegates150 Syrian constitutional committee delegates representing the Syrian government, opposition and civil society in the United Nations office in Geneva, Switzerland to draft a new constitution and to chart a political settlement to end the eight-and-a-half-year civil war in Syria.
- The aim of the meeting was to agree on a new constitution for Syria, however, it still remains unclear that if this will mean redrafting the existing constitution, written in 2012, or starting from the beginning.
- The meeting in Geneva is being overseen by UN special envoy for Syria, Geir Pedersen and is a key proposal from Russia.
- At present no deadline has been set for the end of talks, but all sides had promised to work expeditiously.
- After about 9 years of civil war, the meeting of Syria’s arch-enemies is a historic moment.
- Reforming Syrian Constitution is the first step towards beginning for a political process that will lead to UN-supervised elections under UN resolution 2254.
Mother Teresa Memorial Awards for Social Justice 2019
- This year’s Mother Teresa Memorial Awards for Social Justice (MTMA) dedicated to the memory of the Saint of Kolkata, went to a number of people from India and abroad.
- The awards were presented to the laureates on 3 November 2019 in Mumbai.
- The 2019 edition of award recognises the exemplary and humanitarian work done by social activists in fields and issues related to modern forms of slavery which include child labour, bonded labour, human trafficking, organ trafficking and child militants and for victim rehabilitation.
- The awards are in currently in its 15th year.
- The annual award is established by the Harmony Foundation and is endorsed by Missionaries of Charities.
- The theme by Harmony Foundation for 2019 is ‘Combating Contemporary Forms of Slavery’.
2019 laureates of Mother Teresa Memorial Awards
- Kailash Satyarthi, India: For fighting child labour and trafficking in India and Southeast Asia. He is the founder of Bachpan Bachao Andolan. He also won the Nobel Peace Prize (2014) for his work.
- Robert Bilheimer, United States: For using his skills as a filmmaker to raise awareness about modern forms of slavery and inspiring fight against them.
- Junior Nzita Nsuami: For leading an international campaign through United Nations (UN) against the use of child soldiers in war. He is a former child soldier.
- Ajeet Singh: For his efforts in creating the first red-light area in India free of commercial sexual exploitation of children.
- Alezandra Russell: For helping neglected and ignored young boys in red-light districts of Thailand. He is the founder of Urban Light.
- Hasina Kharbhih: For rescuing and empowering over 72,000 vulnerable victims from fate of human trafficking. She is the founder of Impulse Empower.
- Rob Williams: U. For persistently protecting and supporting children in armed conflicts in some of the world’s most hostile regions. He is CEO of WarChild UK.
- Priti Patkar: For his holistic approach in trying to abolish intergenerational prostitution. She is an activist and social worker from India.
- PRERANA: For their holistic approach in their attempts to abolish intergenerational prostitution and protecting children vulnerable to commercial sexual exploitation and trafficking.
Four Associations also received awards:
- Doctors Against Forced Organ Harvesting (DAFOH)– USA: For raising awareness over the decades in medical community and civil society about unethical organ harvesting (especially in China).
- Free A Girl: for uniquely reintegrating former sex workers into civil society by training them to become future advocates. It is a relief organization dedicated to free young girls from forced prostitution as well as prosecutes offenders.
- JEEVIKA (Jeeta Vimukti Karnataka): For freeing over 30,000 bonded labourers and for its commitment to total eradication of practice in Karnataka.
- Office for Rescue of Yazidis: For working in one of the world’s most hostile regions to rescue all vulnerable Yazidi women and girls from evil clutches of Islamic State (IS) group.
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