Current Affairs October 2019: General Awareness Section can be the easiest and qualifying section in most competitive exams with the right focus. To bag a good score in these sections one must follow the current affairs for at least a few minutes on a daily basis. Current affairs are vastly diversified with topics from politics, finance, sports, etc and getting lost in this vastness might be confusing sometimes. It is essential for the candidates who are preparing for competitive exams to know what topics to focus on instead of wandering. GK can be divided into static and dynamic. Static GK will involve topics from Indian History, Geography, Indian Polity, Indian Economy, etc and these topics can be grasped by various general knowledge-based books. Dynamic GK, on the other hand, will be based on daily happenings around the world and following them regularly will aid in cracking the competitive exams. For dynamic GK, start by reading news from quality outlets. You can start right away by bookmarking this article.
Current Affairs April 2019 is specifically designed to provide you with the information on top happenings around the world to make sure your limited and precious time is well spent. Whether you are preparing for a written test or an interview of any competitive exam, you have come to the right place to enhance your GK knowledge.
Current Affairs October 2019
Top Current Affairs for October 14, 2019
10th Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav is being held at Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav, flagship and premier festival of Ministry of Culture, is being conducted in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. The Mahotsav was launched on 14th October 2019. This Mahotsav is a part of the Ek Bharat Shreshta Bharat initiative that is being organized between 14th October 2019 and 21st October 2019.
The festival was initiated by PM Narendra Modi on the Occasion of 140th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on October 2015. The aim of this festival is to increase engagements between states and UT’s to enhance mutual understanding and bonding between people of diverse culture. This will secure stronger unity and integrity of India. The following are the main objectives of the initiative
-To honour unity and diversity of the Nation
-To encourage the spirit of national integration
-To showcase the rich heritage and culture, traditions and customs of the country
-To maintain long-term engagements
– To generate an environment that promotes learning between states
Recently after India-china informal summit, PM Modi chaired the meeting on Ek Bharat Shreshta Bharat.
World Standards Day observed globally on 14th October 2019
The World Standards Day is observed globally on 14 October. The aim behind celebrating this day is to increase awareness about the significance of standardization to the international economy among the industry, consumers, regulators, and the government.
The idea of celebrating this day came in 1946 when in London for the first time delegates from 25 countries gathered and decided to create an international organization focused on facilitating standardization. While ISO was formed one year later, the World Standards Day was first celebrated in the 1970s.
The theme of World Standards Day 2019 is- “Video Standards Create a Global Stage”
This year the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) in India, as the National Standards Body, is celebrating the event at its Head Quarters, Regional offices, Branch offices, Laboratories and National Institute of Training for Standardization(NITS), through inhouse programmes and technical seminars.
Rozgar Mela organized in Bikaner
National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) under Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship organized a Skill India Rozgar Mela in Bikaner on 12th and 13th October 2019. Over 100 corporate participated in the event and nearly 2000 youths were shortlisted.
Rozgar Mela is one of the key initiatives of the NSDC. NSDC aims to provide vocational training and job opportunities to the youth through this initiative.1088 Rozgar fairs have been organized in the last 18 months.
At the fair, the candidates have opportunities to register with Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra Yojana.
NSDC is a not-for-profit public limited company formed on July 31, 2008, under section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956. It was set up by the Ministry of Finance as the Public-Private Partnership model.
Asian Development Bank and India signs 190 million USD loan
Government of India on 12 October 2019 signed a 190 million USD loan with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to upgrade road transport in the state of Rajasthan. The project will cover 14 districts of Rajasthan and will benefit 26 million people.
Under the project 754 km of state highways, major district roads to two-lane will be upgraded. Construction of more than 200 bus stops and 2 km of the raised sidewalk is also included in the project.
ADB and India
India is the fourth-largest shareholder and is among the founding members of the ADB. The bank in the 1980s and 1990s supported the government’s program of industrialization. The first loan was provided to India by ADB in 1986 as Industrial credit to introduce new technologies and to modernize medium-sized industries.
Asian Development Bank, headquartered in the Philippines, was established in 1966. The bank was designed on footprints of The World Bank. Every year an annual report that summarizes budget, operations and other materials for review by the public is released by the bank. ADB is a UN observer. Japan, US, China, India and Australia are the key shareholders of the bank.
DHARMA GUARDIAN – 2019: Indo-Japan Joint Military Exercise
A two-week-long joint military exercise called Dharma Guardian-2019 will be organized between India and Japan in Mizoram from 19 October to 2 November 2019. Counter-Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School in Vairengte, Mizoram will host this Joint Military Exercise.
50 soldiers of the Indian Army and Japanese Ground Self Defence Forces (JGSDF) will participate in this exercise with an aim to share experience gained during various Counter-Terrorism Operations in respective Countries.
Exercise Dharma Guardian is a yearly training event, which is being conducted in India since 2018. Its objective is to increase interoperability between forces of two nations and enhance coordination in dealing with various security challenges including counter-terrorism. Another aim is to cover platoon-level joint training on counter-terrorism operations in the jungle and urban scenario.
The Nobel Prize in Literature 2019 awarded to Austrian author Peter Handke
Peter Handke, an Austrian author has been awarded The Nobel Prize in Literature 2019 for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience. Nobel Prize in Literature 2018 was awarded to Polish author Olga Tokarczuk.
This year, the winners were announced for both 2019 and 2018, as the prize was not awarded in 2018. The Swedish academy had suspended the prize in 2018 following a sexual assault scandal.
The Nobel Prize announcement was made at the Swedish Academy in Stockholm on October 10, 2019. Mats Malm, permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy, presented the awards.
Peter Handke published his first novel- ‘Die Hornissen’ in 1966. His novel and play ‘Publikumsbeschimpfung’ gave him recognition in this field. He is known to pay extra attention to landscapes and all the material presence and cinema and painting have been his biggest inspiration.
Top Current Affairs for October 11, 2019
International Day of Girl Child
11th October has been marked as the International Day of Girl child, since 2012. The day aims to highlight and address the needs and challenges girls faces while promoting girls empowerment.
Theme: GirlForce – Unscripted and Unstoppable
- The day is also observed as spreading awareness about eliminating gender abnormalities against girls around the world.
- The proposal for the International Day of Girl Child was initiated by Canada.
- In 1995, the fourth World Conference of Women in Beijing which was held with 30000 women and men from around 200 countries to recognise the rights of women and girl as human rights.
- This movement came forward for tackling issues like child marriage, gender-based inequality, gender-based violence and girls rights to enter places of worship during menstruation.
Draft Arms (Amendment) Bill
According to the draft Bill, anyone possessing more than 2 licensed guns will have to deposit the third one with authorities.
- The Draft Arms bill covers areas like illegal trafficking of arms, and their components from manufacturers to end-users organised crime syndicates, and celebratory firing — with varying punishment for these offences.
- Section 25 (1AA) of the Arms Act, 1959 to be amended by Government of India
- The section will amend for giving punishment from the usual life term of 14 years to imprisonment for the remainder of that person’s life.
- A sportsperson can possess the third weapon – 0.22 calibre rifle only, provided, if the user is a dedicated sportsperson whose participation is recognized in national and international events in the last 2 years.
- Estimate says India has a total of around 35 lakh gun licences. Thirteen lakh people have licences to carry weapons in Uttar Pradesh, followed by militancy-hit Jammu and Kashmir,
- Around 3.7 lakh people possess arms licences, most of which were taken in the name of personal security.
A new species of giant dinosaur remains were found in Thailand
A new species of giant dinosaur remains were found in Thailand which is four times bigger than a velociraptor that lived around 145 million years ago which was unearthed in Thailand.
- The dinosaur is 26 feet long and is an early member of a widespread group of dinosaurs called Carcharodontosaurids.
- Carcharodontosaurids are some of the largest land predators ever known like Giganotosaurus, Mapusaurus, Carcharodontosaurus, and Tyrannotitan.
- The remains discovered were skull, backbone and hip fossils that came from a family that belonged to four individuals of the new species.
- The fossilised remains were analysed by Palaeontologists Duangsuda Chokchaloemwong of the Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University.
- The team have named the new species Siamraptor suwati, in honour of a benefactor of the research of both Thailand and Suwat Liptapanlop.
- According to researchers the dinosaur evolved and diverged from the other members of the carcharodontosaur group early in their history.
- Notably, the Siamraptor suwati is also the first definitive archarodontosaurian fossil found in Southeast Asia, with earlier remains being unearthed in Europe and Africa.
UNICEF has become the 1st UN organization to hold and make transactions in cryptocurrency
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) will now be able to receive, hold and disburse donations of cryptocurrencies ether and bitcoin, through its newly-established UNICEF Cryptocurrency Fund. UNICEF for the first time will use cryptocurrencies to fund open source technology benefiting children and young people around the world.
- The Ethereum Foundation will be the first one to be contributing to UNICEF through Cryptocurrency Fund, in form of donations to three grantees of UNICEF Innovation Fund.
- UNICEF is one of the co-leaders of the UN Innovation Network and it helps in researching the potential of blockchain and problems associated with them.
- This new donation model would boost funding for children in need and motivate more charities to accept cryptocurrencies.
Yes Bank has appointed Anita Pai as the COO and Jasneet Bachal as the CMO of the bank
Yes Bank Ltd has appointed Anita Pai as the chief operating officer (COO) and Jasneet Bachal as the chief marketing officer (CMO) of the bank.
- Anita Pai, who was a senior general manager and the head of the ATM business at ICICI Bank Ltd, will lead the bank’s operations and service delivery. She will also look after the information technology functions of the lender.
- Jasneet Bachal has experience as a Senior Vice President and Marketing Head of Kotak Life. She has experience of around 8 years in Kotak Mahindra Bank. She will be heading the marketing and communication efforts.
- Resignation of Senior Group President Rajat Monga, who was associated with the bank since its inception in 2004, did not go well with the investors.
- Yes Bank is in talks with Microsoft Corporation to raise funds.
India to set up solar and wind projects along the border of Indo- Paks
India is running the world’s most ambitious renewable energy programme, with a target of achieving 175 gigawatts of renewable energy capacity by 2022 under its climate commitments.
- 30km long and 20km wide parcel of land has been identified along the border in Kutch district of Gujarat and Bikaner, Barmer and Jaisalmer districts of Rajasthan.
- The land allocated is fallow, this will help to tackle the problem of agricultural land being diverted for such projects.
- At present, India generates 82,580 megawatts (MW) of clean energy, or 23% of its total power production.
- The government has proposed that state-run companies build massive clean energy parks of 2000MW at a cost of around $2 billion each, with built-in incentives to ensure states and operators are invested.
Top Current Affairs for October 10, 2019
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Scientists John Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino won the 2019 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the development of lithium-ion batteries.
Lithium-ion batteries are a lightweight, rechargeable and powerful battery which are widely used in mobile phones, laptops and electric vehicles. It can also store a significant amount of renewable energy, which would make for a fossil-fuel-free society.
- The foundation of the lithium-ion battery was laid in the 1970s, due to the oil crisis.
- Stanley Whittingham started developing methods that could lead to fossil-fuel-free energy technologies.
- In 1980, John Goodenough demonstrated cobalt oxide with intercalated lithium ions which can produce as much as four volts.
- The first commercially viable lithium-ion battery was created by Akira Yoshino, in 1985. He used petroleum coke, a carbon material, like the cathode’s cobalt oxide, can intercalate lithium ions.
- The Royal Swedish Academy of Science founded in 1739, announce the Nobel Prize in Chemistry award annually. It was first awarded in 1901.
World Health Organisation- India Country Cooperation Strategy 2019–2023
Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare has launched ‘the World Health Organisation (WHO) India Country Cooperation Strategy 2019–2023.
- The Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS) is a medium-term vision for WHO’s cooperation with a given Member State.
- This CCS provides a strategic roadmap for the WHO to work with India in achieving its health sector.
The 4 areas for strategic cooperation of WHO with India include:
- Universal Health Coverage (UHC).
- Health and wellness by addressing the determinants of health.
- Protection against health emergencies.
- India’s global leadership in health.
- The India CCS totally aligns itself with WHO ‘triple billion’ targets, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and WHO South-East Asia Region’s eight Flagship Priorities.
- It addresses the emerging health scenario of the country like non-communicable diseases, antimicrobial resistance, and air pollution, etc.
- The India CCS also connects with India’s National Health Policy 2017, and other initiatives like Ayushman Bharat, National Viral Hepatitis programme, Eat Right India movement, the Fit India movement and Poshan Abhiyaan that have collectively engaged with the people and enhanced the awareness about crucial health areas.
GEMINI Device to aid fishermen
The government launched the Gagan Enabled Mariner’s Instrument for Navigation and Information (GEMINI) device. It was unveiled by Union Minister for Earth Sciences, Science & Technology and Health & Family Welfare, Dr Harsh Vardhan in New Delhi.
- This device was developed by the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) which is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) along with the Airports Authority of India (AAI).
- The device was electronically designed and developed by a private industry M/S Acord, Bangalore under Make in India Program.
- This device has been developed to provide satellite-based communication which will be highly used to deal with cyclones, high waves, and tsunamis.
- It also provides effective dissemination of emergency information and communication on disaster warnings.
- This device would be a low-cost device which will forecast and map Potential Fishing Zones (PFZ) and Ocean States Forecasts (OSF) to fishermen.
- The device utilizes the GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) satellite system for the transmission of the PFZ, OSF and disaster warnings to fishermen. GAGAN system consists of three geosynchronous satellites namely GSAT-8, GSAT-10, and GSAT-15.
- The PFZ Advisories provide information on the probable locations on fish aggregation in the seas and the OSF will provide the accurate state of the ocean to the fishermen.
Meghalaya tribes have asked Chief Minister Conrad K. Sangma to intervene the move to exclude five minor tribes from the provisions of the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.
- The five minor tribes namely Bodo-Kachari, Hajong, Koch, Mann and Rabha are clubbed as “unrepresented tribes” for the nomination in Meghalaya’s autonomous tribal councils.
- The tribal councils are in the names of Garo, Jaintia and Khasi, the State’s three major matrilineal communities.
- On September 26, a sub-committee on the amendment to the Sixth Schedule constituted by the State government decided to recommend to the Standing Committee of Parliament the removal of the word “unrepresented tribes” from the amended special provision.
- The Sixth Schedule of India Constitution is specially meant for the welfare and advancement of the Scheduled Tribes.
- The proposed amendment of the sixth schedule will deprive certain democratic rights of the communities in the district councils according to MHWA – Meghalaya Hajong Welfare Association.
Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokriyal is all set to launch the Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programmes called DHRUV. The programme will be launched from the Indian Space Research Organization Headquarter Bangalore on 10th October 2019.
- The programme is named after a pole star called DHRUV TARA.
- The program is to cover two areas namely Science and Arts.
- The program is to be launched from ISRO. Around 60 students are selected broadly from Class 9 to Class 12 all over the country.
- The target of the program is to help the nation achieve the target of 5 trillion Dollar economy.
- This scheme will help in sharpening the innovative imagination skills of the students along with their knowledge.
- The scheme will help the students in contributing to bring about various solutions to the socio-economic, environmental and political issued currently faced by the country.
The cabinet decisions under Empowered Program Committee
The cabinet appraised decisions under Empowered Program Committee (EPC), Mission Steering Group (MSG) and National Health Mission (NHM) on October 9, 2019.
- MMR (Maternal Mortality Rate), U5MR (Under 5 Mortality Rate) and IMR (Infant Mortality Rate) has been declined since the launch of NHM.
- India will reach its SDG goal of MMR – 70 and U5MR – 25 by 2030 at this rate.
- The rate of MMR decline is 8% (2013 – 2016). India achieved the biggest success in bringing down Malaria cases and deaths by 49.09%. It is now leading with its initiatives against malaria among the other Malaria endemic countries.
- Similar to Clean India Mission where districts and states were declared ODF – Open Defecation Free, the districts and states will be declared disease-free under the awarding scheme. This will promote competitiveness among the states.
- The diseases to be certified are TB, Leprosy, Malaria, Kala – Azar, Cataract, Lymphatic Filariasis. National Viral Hepatitis Control Program was approved It was rolled out to treat Hepatitis A, B, C and E More than 5 crore patients are estimated to be benefited from the program.
Top Current Affairs for October 9, 2019
World Post Day
World Post Day is celebrated every year on 9th October. It marks the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Post Union (UPU) which was set up in Bern, Switzerland in the year 1874.
- Universal Post Union declared 9th October to be the world post day in the UPU Congress held in Tokyo in 1969. More than 150 countries join in the observance of this day.
- It is observed to create awareness about the role of postal services in the lives of people, as well as its contribution to global development.
- Postal services have come a long way in connecting people. In the era where phones were not common, posts were used to communicate with the loved ones.
- More than 150 countries celebrate World Post Day and, in a few countries, it is observed as a working holiday. It’s a day when new postal products and services are promoted.
- Most of the official documents are still sent by post.
- In 2019, Bengaluru General Post Office and Karnataka State Mango Development and Marketing Corporation came together to deliver fresh mangoes from local farms to the people.
Section 144 lifted in Aarey
- Section 144, which was imposed in the Aarey Milk Colony on Monday, has been lifted.
- It was imposed to stop tree activists from entering the Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation car shed site. The tree activists were protesting against the felling of 2000 trees by MMRC in Aarey Colony, Mumbai.
- The tree activists had earlier filed a case against MMRC’s plan of cutting down 2000 trees to develop metro in the area. The Bombay high court’s verdict came in favour of MMRC which led to severe protests by the tree activists.
- The police had to impose section 144 to bring the situation in control.
What is Section 144?
- It is mentioned in the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) of 1973. The Executive Magistrate of any state or territory can issue an order to impose section 144 in an area if there is a law and order issue or a riot-like situation.
- It prohibits the assembly of four or more people in an area.
Saturn and its entourage
Astronomers have recently discovered 20 new moons around Saturn, increasing its count of natural satellites to 82. Saturn has beat Jupiter which has 79 natural satellites revolving around it.
- The discovery of these new moons can assist the astronomers in understanding the chaos and collisions that took place in the early solar system. These moons can also serve as the flyby targets for future missions to Saturn.
- These newly discovered moons are about three miles wide. They emit faint light and therefore their discovery took about 10 years. From 2004-2007 Sheppard and his colleagues used Subaru telescope to take a close look at some intriguing points of light orbiting Saturn. With time Sheppard and his team made use of better technology to prove their discovery.
- Seventeen of the twenty new moons have been found in the opposite direction of Saturn’s rotation. These retrograde moons take three years to orbit around Saturn. Two of the prograde moons take two years to trace out one orbit. One of those three prograde moons takes three years to orbit around Saturn.
- These newfound moons are not named yet. They may be put into previous groups of Saturnian satellites based on their orbital direction, distance from Saturn and orbit’s inclination.
Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2019
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2019 was awarded jointly to William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza “for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.”
- This year’s Nobel Prize awarded work reveals the molecular mechanisms that underlie how cells adapt to variations in oxygen supply, a statement from the Nobel Assembly at Sweden’s Karolinska Institute.
- It paved the way for promising new strategies to fight anaemia, cancer and many other diseases.
- Based on their research, many laboratories and pharmaceutical companies are now on the path of developing drugs that can interfere with disease states by activating or blocking the oxygen – level in the cells.
- The Scientist, Semenza and Ratcliffe separately studied the processes surrounding the sensing of oxygen and found it was at work in virtually all the body’s tissues.
- Semenza worked in the 1990s in identifying a protein complex that binds to cells’ DNA in response to levels of oxygen in the cell’s environment.
- Kaelin’s work linked the same oxygen-regulating machinery to a role in cancer, which is also being mined for potential therapeutics.
Annual prizes for achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, peace and literature were established in the will of Alfred Nobel, a Swedish inventor of dynamite, who died in 1896. The total amount for each of the 2019 prizes is 9 million kronor ($909,000).
TOPIC: India International Cooperative Trade Fair
The First-Ever India International Cooperatives Trade Fair (IICTF) is going to be held at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi from 11th to 13th October 2019.
- It is being organized by the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC). The endeavour is being supported by NEDAC, an international organization, three ministries and several Indian cooperative organizations.
- The trade fair is in line with the Agriculture Export Policy 2018 which aims at doubling the agriculture export and integrating Indian farmers and agriculture products with global value chains.
- Many Indian and International Cooperative Organizations are expected to take part in the event.
- The international buyers can be from cooperative, corporate, private, government, IICTF covers exhibitors /sellers/buyers who have a focus on the Cooperative-to-Cooperative trade.
- The major focus will be on the promotion of agriculture and allied sectors, complete value chains, cold chain, dairy, commodities, exports, technology, climate-smart agriculture, processing, packaging, storage, machinery, brand promotion, marketing, coop-banking, agri-tech, cyber-security, livestock, fisheries, handloom, handicrafts, textiles, consumer goods, retail, hospitality, insurance, finance, credit, healthcare, products by women groups and capacity development.
- It is anticipated that trade fair can promote cooperative to cooperative trade within India and abroad leading to enhanced rural and farm prosperity. This fair will extend an opportunity for the industry and business houses from India and abroad to build alliances, business networks and interact with the primary producers.
- IICTF would be major platform to promote exports by cooperatives with direct benefits to their members who are mainly farmers, artisans, women, SC /ST etc.
Top Current Affairs for October 7, 2019
Through IFC India starts sharing maritime data
The Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR) has started functioning as an information-sharing hub of maritime data and “cuing incident responses” to maritime security situations
- The IFC-IOR was set up in December 2018 which is located at Gurugram.
- Generating a seamless real-time picture of nearly 7500 km coastline, the IFC-IOR is a single point centre which links all the coastal radar chains.
- It actively interacts with the maritime community with 18 countries and 15 multinational and maritime security centres.
- A website administered by the centre will host the Monthly Maritime Security Update (MMSU) highlighting analysis on incidents, warnings and advisories in IOR.
- Presently, the exchange of information is being undertaken by virtual means, using telephone calls, faxes, emails and video conferencing over the Internet.
Wildlife Week India, 2019
In India, Wildlife Week is observed all over the country from 2019 October 2nd to October 8th. It is celebrated every year with the view to preserve the wildlife of the country. It will help to the people to understand that harms these animals.
- It is celebrated every year to raise awareness about protection of wildlife.
- The Government of India organizes a various activities during this week through the environmentalists, activists, educators who encourage and accelerate the people mind to become aware of the wildlife conservation.
- As being a mega-storehouse country, India has stored a variety of fauna species.
- According to the recent study published in Science More than 5,500 species of birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles are bought and sold on the worldwide animal market, a volume that is around 50 percent higher than earlier records.
- The legal and illegal trade of wildlife as pets or animal products is a multi-billion-dollar industry, and recognized as one of the most severe threats to biodiversity.
Theme of World Wildlife Day 2019
World Wildlife Day has now become the most important global annual event for Wildlife. The theme for World Wildlife Day in 2019 is “Life below water: for people and planet”, which aligns with goal 14 of UN Sustainable Development Goals.
About Wild Life Week
It was started in the year 1952 for saving the life of the Indian animals by taking some critical steps. It involves the planning to save animal extinction of any species in India.
The Government of India has established an Indian Board of Wild Life which works to improve the awareness as well as the consciousness of the Indian people towards wildlife preservation.
A coastal surveillance system to be set up in Bangladesh
India PM Modi and his Bangladesh counterpart signed several MoUs that will enable Delhi to set up a coastal surveillance system radar in Bangladesh.
The agreements include
- MoU for providing a Coastal Surveillance System.
- Standard Operating Procedure on the use of Chattogram and Mongla ports.
- MoU on withdrawal of 1.82 cusecs of water from Feni River by India for drinking water supply scheme for Sabroom town, Tripura.
- An agreement which concerns the Implementation of the Lines of Credit committed by India to Bangladesh.
- MoU between the University of Hyderabad and the University of Dhaka.
- Renewal of Cultural Exchange Programme – Co-operation in Youth Affairs.
The two leaders inaugurated three bilateral development partnership projects
- Import of LPG from Bangladesh
- Inauguration of BIPSDI – Bangladesh – India Professional Skill Development Institute.
- Inauguration of Vivekananda Bhaban, students hostel at Ramakrishna mission in Dhaka.
- Both parties recognized that increasing connectivity through air, water, rail and road offer a mutually beneficial opportunity for enhancing the economy.
- The leaders jointly agreed that the India – Bangladesh coastal Shipping Agreement should be taken as a template for Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Nepal and Bhutan (BIMSTEC). This will enhance the security of the Indo – Pacific region.
Scotland becomes the first country in the UK to ban the smacking of children
Scotland has become the first country in the United Kingdom to ban the smacking of children. The country introduced a law that makes smacking children a criminal offence for parents and carers to use physical punishment against a child.
- Sweden became the first country in the world to ban smacking in the home when it outlawed corporal punishment in 1979 – with Scotland becoming the 58th to do so.
- The bill will end the defence of reasonable chastisement which means parents could face prosecution for any use of physical punishment on their children.
- The change in the law is aimed to give children the same protection from assault as adults.
- This law has brought Scotland into line with United Nations recommendations.
- Currently, parents and carers are allowed to use reasonable physical force in order to discipline children.
- The Scottish Parliament voted by a margin of 84 to 29 to pass the Children (Equal Protection from Assault), Bill.
UNESCO has appointed Yalitza Aparicio as the ambassador for indigenous people
The United Nations’ cultural agency UNESCO’s goodwill ambassador for indigenous peoples has appointed Mexican actress Yalitza Aparicio.
- 25-year-old actress Yalitza Aparicio made history as the first indigenous performer nominated for a best actress honour at the Academy Awards this year for her excellent performance in the film “Roma” in this film she speaks in an indigenous language and Spanish.
- According to the Paris-based organization they said that Yalitza Aparicio was born in the poor Mexican state of Oaxaca, which was chosen for her commitment to fight racism and advocate for gender equality and indigenous rights.
- She will also help the UNESCO’s work alongside indigenous peoples across the world, including preserving their cultural heritage and environment knowledge also fighting for equal access to education.
Uttar Pradesh CM flagged off Tejas express
Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath on 5th October, flagged off the Tejas Express from Charbagh railway station, a semi-bullet train on the Agra-Varanasi route.
- India’s first private train run by its subsidiary IRCTC, between Lucknow and New Delhi.
- The Tejas Express cuts the time travelled between the two cities to 6.15 hours from the 6.40 hours taken by the Swarn Shatabdi, currently the fastest train on the route.
- The passengers will be paid for any delay on an hourly basis and also each passenger will get free Rs 25 lakh insurance.
- The premium train will offer passengers with aircraft-like facilities such as baggage pick up and drop from Home-to-destination.
- The passengers will also be able to avail other facilities such as cab services, hotel bookings, combo meals, RO water purifiers, tea and coffee vending machines, compensation for train delay and call buttons for crew service.
NASA is aiming to conduct all-female spacewalk again
- NASA has rescheduled the historic moment for Oct 21st once again to conduct an all-female spacewalk, six months after the first attempt had to be cancelled because of a lack of available spacesuits aboard the International Space Station. The announcement was made recently during a briefing by the agency previewing 10 upcoming spacewalks by astronauts on the International Space Station.
- The spacewalk will be arranged by NASA astronauts Christina Koch and Jessica Meir
- Christina Koch has been living in space since March and was scheduled for the original all-women spacewalk. Christina Koch arrived at the International Space Station in September. The newly scheduled spacewalk is possible because NASA sent up a new spacesuit that was configured with a medium-size hard upper torso in order to meet future staffing requirements.
Top Current Affairs for October 4, 2019
Alyssa scores the highest in T20I Women’s Cricket
- • Alyssa Healy has set a world record for scoring the highest individual score in women’s T20I held at North Sydney Oval.
- • Healy gave an exemplary performance against Sri Lanka in the final T20I and went on to score 148.
- • Australia won the match with a score of 226/2.
- • Healy hit 19 boundaries and seven sixes. She scored a century in just 46 balls. This has been the fastest chase for a century by an Australian and second fastest in the world.
- • She beat the record of Meg Lanning who had scored 133 against England on July 26 this year.
Points to Recollect:
Harmantpreet Kaur holds the record for the highest individual score by an Indian woman. She had scored 103 runs against New Zealand in November 2018.
Rajasthan bans Pan Masala
- • Rajasthan announced a ban on Pan Masala to mark the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Rajasthan has taken this initiative to prevent the youth from getting addicted to tobacco products. This step is taken in accordance with the Food Security Act 2006.
- • Pan Masala mostly contains Magnesium Carbonate, Nicotine, Tobacco and flavored Supari. All these ingredients are hazardous to health. The state has guided all the food security officers to keep a strict eye on the sale, distribution, and production of pan masala.
- • Rajasthan has become the third state to ban such products. Maharashtra and Bihar are the other two states to have banned tobacco products.
- • Rajasthan had banned the usage of e-cigarettes earlier this year.
World Space Week: ISRO decides to showcase Space Science in seven institutions
- • World Space week is the world’s largest astronomy event. It is annually celebrated from 4th October to 11th October. ISRO conducts various programs to spread information on space science over this week.
- • This year ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) has decided to collaborate with seven academic institutions across Karnataka to showcase space science to the young minds of the country. ISRO aims to raise interest in Space Science in the student community.
- • The seven institutions who will be joining ISRO in this program are Poornaprajna PU College at Adamar, SJM Institute of Technology at Chitradurga, Konkan Education Trust High School at Kumta, RV College of Engineering at Bengaluru, Tontadarya College of Engineering at Gadag, Sri Sai Vidyaniketan Residential School at Shahpur and Siddaganga Institute of Technology at Tumkur.
- • It is because of these continuous efforts of ISRO and its scientists that India ranks among the top five in space science in the world.
Mallikarjuna Rao appointed as MD and CEO of PNB
SS Mallikarjuna Rao was appointed as the Managing Director (MD)and Chief Executive of the Punjab National Bank(PNB).
- • He has more than 34 years of experience in the banking sector.
- • He is currently serving as chief executive of the Allahabad Bank.
- • Previously he served as Executive Director of Syndicate Bank, since 2016.
- • He will replace Sunil Mehta of PNB.
- • Headquarters: New Delhi
- • Founded: 19 May 1894
- • Founder: Dyal Singh Majithia and Lala Lajpat Rai
Oil India Limited (OIL) appointed Sushil Chandra Mishra as the new MD and CEO
Oil India Limited appointed Sushil Chandra Mishra as the new Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the company. He will replace Utpal Bora. Mr. Bora ceased to be Chairman & Managing Director of the company on 30th September.
- • Mishra started his career as an executive trainee with OIL in 1984.
- • He developed deep expertise in commercial matters and played a key role in framing and implementing procurement policies and procedures for inventory management, vendor development, framework agreement, and its related strategies
- • He acquired significant Board level exposure at the corporate office at the time of launch of OIL’s IPO in 2009. He also developed the Strategic Plan 2020.
Oil India Limited (OIL)
- • OIL is the second largest hydrocarbon exploration and production India Public sector company with its operational headquarters in Duliajan, Assam.
- • The company is a state-owned Navratna.
- • It is under the administrative control of India’s Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
Kapil Dev resigned as BCCI Cricket Advisory Committee chief
Kapil Dev, the former India captain, stepped down from the position of Cricket Advisory Committee (CAC) chief after the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).
- • Kapil Dev resigned as the chief of the CAC days after Shanta Rangaswamy stepped down from the 3-member committee.
- • Kapil Dev was appointed the chief of the ad-hoc committee formed in July 2019. The CAC was tasked with the role of picking the head coaches of India women’s and men’s cricket teams. Kapil-led CAC had conducted interviews and re-appointed Ravi Shastri as head coach of Virat Kohli-led senior national team.
Top Current Affairs for October 3, 2019
Village Secretariat system launched in Andhra Pradesh
- Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy, the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, launched the Village Secretariat system at Karapa village near Kakinada on Wednesday. He said that this is one of the steps that he has taken to decentralize the administration and give power in the hands of people who are in the lower rung of administration in the government.
- The launch coincided with the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, whose work majorly revolved around the development of villages.
- The village and ward secretariat will act as a bridge between the government and the people providing over 500 services to the government.
- Around 4.50 lakh people have been employed in the secretariat system over 4months.
- The Village Secretariats will play a key role in making people aware of the various schemes and programs of the government. They are responsible for showcasing how the government schools and hospitals have changed under the caption of ‘then and now’.
Jaipur has the cleanest station as per the recent station cleanliness survey
- Ministry of Railways has recently released the ‘Station Cleanliness Survey Report’ for the year 2019. Jaipur station has been assessed as the cleanest station in this report. Jodhpur and Durgapur have been ranked second and third in the list. Vijayawada has slipped to seventh place on the list.
- The Ministry of Railways has been conducting this survey since 2016.
- Maharashtra’s Andheri Station has topped the list of suburban group of stations.
- North Western Railway Zone maintained its top position in the category of cleanest railway zone.
- Rajasthan has performed very well in the survey. Six out of ten cleanest stations on the list are from Rajasthan.
- Around 720 stations participated in this survey. Process Evaluation, Direct Observation, and citizen Feedback were the three parameters on which the stations were assessed.
- The Ministry of Railway also used this occasion to declare a ban on single-use plastic in railway premises. The Ministry reassured that safety is its biggest concern and announced the addition of several LHB coaches with attached bio-toilets.
CBDT launches Documentation Identification Number
Marching forward towards ‘Digital India,’ the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) implemented a computer-generated Document Identification Number (DIN) which will ensure greater transparency and accountability in tax administration.
- The DIN system has been created as per the direction of Union Minister of Finance Nirmala Sitharaman.
- DIN will apply to all kinds of communications from the income tax department, such as assessment, appeals, investigation, penalty and rectification. It helps taxpayers to detect fake notices and letters as the notice would be verifiable on the department’s e-filing portal.
- Any communication issued manually under exceptional circumstances should be uploaded and regularized on the system portal within 15 days.
Sachin Tendulkar gets Swachhata Ambassador award at Safaigiri
Safaigiri 2019 was organized by the India Today group. The cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar was awarded “The most effective Swachhata Ambassador”.
- It is an initiative of India Today group to celebrate the champions of the Clean India campaign.
- This is the 5th award function organized by the group.
- The award function ended with an address delivered by President Ram Nath Kovind.
- Sachin was chosen as he utilized his fame and popularity to ensure India achieved its goal of Swachh Bharat.
President of India to Confer ‘Vayoshreshtha Samman–2019’
On October 3rd 2019, President Ram Nath Kovind conferred ‘Vayoshreshtha Samman-2019’.
This was for Eminent Senior Citizens & Institutions in recognition of their services towards the cause of elderly persons. Vayoshreshtha Samman is an annual national award of the Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
- These Awards are intended:
- To showcase the Government’s concern for senior citizens and also its commitment towards them with the aim of strengthening their legitimate place in society.
- To provide an opportunity for the younger generation to understand the contribution of the elderly in the building of society and nation.
- Every year since 1st October 2005 it is celebrated as International Day of Older Persons.
Consumer Affairs Ministry Launches the app to address consumer Complaints
Union consumer affairs ministry has launched a mobile App called “Consumer App” that would help consumers to register their grievances online as well as give suggestions on consumer-related issues.
- Consumer App was developed by the National information centre. The Consumer App is available for free in English and Hindi languages.
- It can be downloaded on Android and iOS platform.
- The app will help Consumer register complaints easily and get redressed within 60days while the complaints which are simple in nature will be resolved within 15 days.
- Consumer helpline and consumer courts will continue to play their role. It is an additional platform for filing consumer complaints. Consumers can register complaints and track the status also.
National Information Centre:
- National Informatics Centre (NIC) was established in 1976.
- It is emerged as a “prime builder” of e-Government / e-Governance applications up to the grassroots level as well as a promoter of digital opportunities for sustainable development.
- NIC, through its ICT (information and communication technology) Network, “NICNET”, has institutional linkages with all the Ministries /Departments of the Central Government, 36 State Governments/ Union Territories, and about 708 District Administrations of India.
The World Economic Forum is organizing India Economic Summit on October 3-4, 2019 at New Delhi
- It is hosted in collaboration with CII-Confederation of India Industry. The summit is also aiming at collaboration with South Asia and ASEAN countries.
- The meeting will focus on accelerating the adoption of Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies and optimally governing them to assist India to leapfrog to an advanced stage of development and provide the world with replicable proof of a successful model, affecting billions of people globally.
- It is held under the theme” innovating for India Strengthening South Asia”.
World Economic Forum:
- World Economic Forum is a nonprofit foundation established in 1972, based in Geneva, Switzerland.
- It motto is “Committed to improving the state of the world”.
- Some major reports published by WEF are Global Competitiveness Report, Global Gender Gap Report, Global Risk Report, Global Travel and Tourism Report.
Fourth Industrial Revolution:
The fourth industrial revolution is the current and developing environment in which disruptive technologies and trends such as the Internet of Things (IoT), robotics, virtual reality (VR) and artificial intelligence (AI) are changing the way we live and work.
Top Current Affairs for October 1, 2019
Core sectors shrink 0.5% in August
- The eight-core sector industries have hit an all-time low in August this year. Five out of the eight core industries have registered negative growth. The core industries last faced such a dilemma in April 2015.
- The contraction in August comes as a surprise after the 2.7 percent growth in the month of July. The probable reason for this downfall is the continuing economic slowdown and weak demand in the system.
- The core sector depends on the demand from the power and infrastructure sector. The majority of purchases in the power and infrastructure sector is made by the government. But since the government has reduced its public spending to meet its fiscal deficit target of 3.3 percent, the power, and infrastructure sector is facing huge losses. This, in turn, has affected the growth of the core industries.
- The coal sector has seen the highest contraction among the core industries. Its growth has contracted by 8.6%.
- The crude oil sector has contracted by 5.4% and the growth of the cement sector has shrunk by 4.9%.
- The government has decided to disinvest a 12.6% share of Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corp (IRCTC) through an initial public offering. 35% of the IRCTC IPO has been allocated for the retail portion.
- The price band is fixed at ₹640 Crores with each share costing around ₹315- ₹ 320. A discount of ₹ 10 per share is being offered to retail investors and eligible employees. Retail investors are allowed to bid up to ₹2 lakh shares.
- The issue will close for subscription on 3rd October. The allotment of IRCTC shares will be done on the 9th of October.
- The initial public offering has already been subscribed to 1.08 times in a matter of two days. IRCTC shares will also be listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange by 14th October.
- Most of the stock exchange experts have recommended the subscription to IRCTC IPO due to its reasonable valuation and monopoly in Indian Railways.
NITI Aayog’s School Education Quality Index: Kerala tops
- Niti Aayog recently assessed the quality of school education across the country. It has ranked the states on the basis of this assessment and prepared the School Education Quality Index.
- The School Education Quality Index is prepared on the basis of learning outcomes, access, infrastructure and facilities using survey data and self-reported data from States and third-party verification.
- Kerala has got a score of 76.6% and has been ranked as the best performer in this index.
- Tamil Nadu took a lead in access and equity outcomes. Karnataka performed well in the learning outcomes. Haryana topped in the assessment for infrastructure and facilities.
- Chandigarh was the top performer amongst the Union Territories. Manipur earned a name among the small states for its performance.
- Uttar Pradesh was assessed to be the last state on the index. West Bengal did not take part in the assessment.
Ancient river excavated in Uttar Pradesh
The Union Water Ministry has excavated an old, dried-up river in Prayagraj (Allahabad) that linked the rivers Ganga and Yamuna. The agenda is to develop it as a potential groundwater recharge source.
- The “ancient buried river” is around 4 km wide, 45 km long and consisted of a 15-metre-thick layer buried under the soil.
- According to the Executive Director NMCG, the discovery was made in December 2018.
- It was done by a team of scientists from the CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) and the Central Groundwater Board during a helicopter-borne geophysical survey covering the Prayagraj and Kaushambi region in Uttar Pradesh.
- The recently discovered stream was a “buried paleochannel” that joins the Yamuna stream at Durgapur village, about twenty-six kilometres south of the present Ganga-Yamuna confluence at Prayagraj.
- Knowledge on subsurface connectivity between Ganga and Yamuna rivers can play a really crucial role in the designing of Ganga cleanup and protective safe groundwater resources.
State’s gross fiscal deficit stayed within 3%: RBI
Gross fiscal deficit of the state has remained within the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act threshold of 3 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) during the financial year 2017-18 and 2018-19 as given by the Reserve Bank of India report on State Finances. For the year 2019-20, states have budgeted a consolidated GFD of 2.6% of GDP. However, the outstanding debt of States has risen over the last five years to 25% of GDP, posing medium-term challenges to its sustainability.
Team India lifts SAFF U-18 Championship title for the first time
India, by defeating Bangladesh by 2-1 in final, has won the SAFF Under-18 Football Championship which was held in Kathmandu, Nepal. This is India’s maiden SAFF U-18 trophy.
About SAFF U-18 Championship
- It is a football championship for males under the age of 18. It is organized by the South Asian Football Federation (SAFF). The championship was held for 1st time in August 2015 in Nepal.
Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Bhadauria takes charge as IAF Chief
Air Chief Marshal Rakesh Kumar Singh Bhadauria is the 26th chief of the Indian Air Force (IAF). He succeeded outgoing Air Chief Marshal BS Dhanoa, who retired after 41 years of service in IAF on 30 September 2019.
- Bhadauria was commissioned in the fighter stream of IAF in June 1980, and since then he has held various command, staff and instructional positions.
- He also has 4,250 hours of flying experience on 26 various types of fighters and transport aircraft.
- He is also first of the few Air Force pilots who could fly a Rafael jet.
- In July 2019, Bhadauria had flown the aircraft during Exercise Garuda between Air Forces of India and France.
- He is also an alumnus of National Defence Academy and has won the coveted Sword of Honour for standing 1st in overall order of merit.
Candidates who are appearing for various bank exams and government exams can now prepare for their exams on Embibe for free. Practising on Embibe will help you identify your weaker areas and will help you improve your overall score eventually. Embibe has a variety of practice questions based on general knowledge, bank exams, and foundation level subjects. One of the benefits of preparing on Embibe is that each and every question is specifically designed to help you in improving score and speed.
If you face any issue with this article on Current Affairs October 2019, do let us know about it in the comment section below and we will get back to you right away.
Check out the latest information at Embibe.com for more updates on banking, government jobs in India!!