• Written By yashaswini kudachi
  • Last Modified 03-04-2023

Daily Current Affairs for Competitive Examinations: April 03, 2023


Current affairs are a significant part of the government examinations. Although it is easy to score well on this section, preparation may be a challenge. We have selected the best of the most current news and put it together in Embibe’s Current Affairs series. Our experts selected the questions on this page based on the important events that occurred.

Current Affairs: Space Technology

NASA will send 4 humans to live on Mars from June 2023

  • The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is training four people to live on the planet Mars this summer. While the endeavour to send humans to the neighbouring planet on the part of the US space agency is not new, the four ‘Martians’ will be part of NASA’s human exploration expedition on Mars. 


  • NASA has also sent satellites, a lander called InSight designed to give the Red Planet its first thorough checkup, and a rover mission that includes the rover Perseverance, the small robotic helicopter Ingenuity, and associated delivery systems. 
  • The four volunteers are part of a year-long mission to prepare humans for the exploration of the Red Planet. They will live in a habitat that will simulate conditions on Mars when humans arrive on the Red Planet in the near future.

When will the Martians leave?

  • The crew is scheduled to begin in June this year as the teams obtain the most accurate data during the analogue mission.

Living space on Mars:

  • The 3D-printed habitat includes private crew quarters, a kitchen, dedicated areas for medical, recreation, fitness, work, and crop growth activities, as well as a technical work area and two bathrooms. 

What will the Martians do?

  • During the simulation, crew members will carry out different types of mission activities, including simulated spacewalks, robotic operations, habitat maintenance, personal hygiene, exercise, and crop growth.
  • The major crew activities during the analogue may consist of simulated spacewalks, including virtual reality, communications, crop growth, meal preparation and consumption, exercise, hygiene activities, maintenance work, personal time, science work, and sleep.

NASA’s human exploration mission to Mars:

  • NASA has planned three such missions to be sent to Mars. The American space agency is planning three such analogue missions to better understand the requirements for a habitat on our next-door cosmic neighbour. While analogue mission one commences this year, the second mission will be conducted in 2025, and the third mission will be followed up in 2026.

Question: 1

When will NASA send four humans to live on Mars?

(A) May 2026

(B) Oct 2025

(C) April 2024

(D) June 2023

Answer: D

Check out the Highlights of the Economic Survey 2022-23 by clicking on the link given below:
Economic Survey 2022-23

Current Affairs: Defence

Army set to get its own satellite worth ₹3,000 crore by 2026

  • In a major boost for the Indian Army’s communication capability, the defence ministry recently signed a ₹3,000-crore contract with NewSpace India Limited (NSIL), the commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), for an advanced communication satellite, GSAT 7B, for the army to fulfil a long-standing need.
  • Unlike the Indian Air Force and the Indian Navy, the Indian Army currently does not have a dedicated satellite.
  • The satellite will considerably enhance the communication capability of the army by providing mission-critical beyond line-of-sight communication to troops and formations as well as weapon and airborne platforms.
  • The five-tonne geostationary satellite will be developed indigenously by ISRO.
  • The Indian Army is likely to get the satellite in 2026.

Question: 2

By when is the Indian Army set to get its own satellite worth ₹3,000 crore?

(A) 2026

(B) 2028

(C) 2024

(D) 2025

Answer: A

Current Affairs: Report and Index

India declines in Global Passport Index 2023

  • India experienced the largest drop in mobility score globally, according to the latest update by the Passport Index.
  • A powerful ranking tool, Passport Index released the Passport Power Rank 2023. While UAE is at number 1, India this time loses its position.
  • From 71 and 73, India’s mobility score dropped down to 70 on the Passport Index this year. The rank given to India was 144th. 
  • The most powerful passport scores include countries like UAE, Sweden, Germany, Finland, etc. 

Question: 3

What was India’s global rank in the Passport Index 2023?

(A) 137

(B) 144

(C) 143

(D) 140

Answer: B

Current Affairs: Person in News

Leena Rafeeq becomes youngest AI based App Developer

  • An 11-year-old girl Leena Rafeeq introduced her creation titled ‘Ogler EyeScan’. It is a smart, intelligent application that is used to detect eye disorders.
  • The app comes up with 70% accurate results. This girl was born in Kerala but currently stays in Dubai and is becoming famous for her recent launch. 
  • As she received positive wishes from viewers across the world, her app is under review on the Apple Play Store, which only iPhone users can access.

Current Affairs: International

Saudi Arabia joins Shanghai Cooperation Organization as a Dialogue Partner

  • Saudi Arabia has been approved to join the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) as a dialogue partner.
  • The SCO was formed in 2001 by Russia, China, and former Soviet states in Central Asia and has since expanded to include India and Pakistan. It aims to play a bigger role as a counterweight to Western influence in the region.
  • Iran also signed documents for full membership in 2022. The dialogue partner status for Saudi Arabia will be a first step within the organisation before granting the kingdom full membership in the mid-term.
  • Countries belonging to the organisation plan to hold a joint “counter-terrorism exercise” in Russia’s Chelyabinsk region in August 2023.

Question: 4

Which country recently joins Shanghai Cooperation Organization as a Dialogue Partner?

(A) Qatar

(B) Saudi Arabia

(C) Iran

(D) Iraq

Answer: B

Current Affairs: Report and Index

India ranks fifth in national contribution to warming

  • A new study estimated that India is responsible for 0.08 degrees Celsius of warming from the 1850s through 2021. 

Highlights of the study:

  • Overall, India ranks fifth among the top 10 contributors to warming.
  • Researchers from Europe and the United States calculated national contributions to warming due to greenhouse gases such as CO2, CH4 and N2O since the 1850s.
  • Analysis showed that CO2 is responsible for 1.11°C of warming compared to methane’s 0.41°C and nitrous oxides’ 0.08°C.
  • China stood second with 0.20°C (12.3 per cent) of warming, followed by Russia’s 0.10°C (6.1 per cent) and Brazil’s 0.08°C (4.9 per cent).
  • Indonesia, Germany, the United Kingdom, Japan and Canada each contributed 0.03-0.05°C of warming.

Question: 5

What was India’s rank in national contribution to warming?
(A) 2nd

(B) 5th

(C) 3rd

(D) 4th

Answer: B

Current Affairs: International

Daniel Mookhey becomes the first PIO treasurer in Australia

  • Daniel Mookhey has become the first politician of Indian origin (PIO) to become the Treasurer in any Australian state.
  • Daniel Mookhey adopted the holy Bhagavad Gita as his pledge of devotion.
  • Chris Minns, the premier of New South Wales (NSW), and six other ministers were also sworn in at the ceremony.
  • He will replace Steve Vaughn for this post.
  • Earlier, in 2015, Mookhey was elected by the Labour to replace Steve Whan in the New South Wales upper, making him the state’s first politician of Indian background and the first to take the oath of allegiance on the Bhagavad Gita.
  • Mookhey’s parents migrated from Punjab to Australia in 1973.

Check out the Highlights of Union Budget 2023 by clicking on the link given below:
Union Budget 2023-24

Factbook: 31-March-2023

Kangra Tea from Himachal Pradesh Awarded European Union GI Tag

  • Himachal Pradesh’s famous Kangra Tea has been awarded a Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the European Union (EU) on Wednesday, opening up new opportunities for the tea to enter the European market.
  • It is a high-quality tea that is known for its unique flavour, aroma, and colour.
  • It is made from the leaves, buds, and tender stems of the Camellia sinensis species cultivated in the Kangra valley.
  • Black tea and green tea have both been cultivated in the Kangra Valley.
  • In India, Kangra tea received the Geographical Indication (GI) designation in 2005.

Shakib Al Hasan surpasses Southee to become the top T20I wicket-taker

  • Shakib Al Hasan has surpassed Tim Southee to become the leading wicket-taker in T20I cricket during the second T20I match against Ireland in Chattogram. 
  • With 136 wickets in T20I at an average of 20.67 and an economy rate of 6.8, Shakib is considered one of the best all-rounders in T20 cricket. 
  • He has also scored 2339 runs at a strike rate of 122.33 in T20I. Shakib made his debut in T20I against Zimbabwe in 2006 and has played 114 matches since then, featuring in all seven editions of the ICC Men’s T20 World Cup.

Most wickets in men’s T20Is

  1. Shakib Al Hasan 136
  2. Tim Southee 134
  3. Rashid Khan 129
  4. Ish Sodhi 114
  5. Lasith Malinga 107

Kerala: Second G20 Sherpa meet under India’s G20 Presidency begins in Kottayam

  • The second G20 Sherpa meeting under India’s G20 Presidency started from 30 March at the picturesque Kumarakom village in Kerala’s Kottayam district.
  • The meeting, which India’s Sherpa Amitabh Kant has chaired, will conclude on 2 April.
  • Over 120 delegates, drawn from G20 member nations, representatives of nine invitee countries and various international and regional organisations, are attending the four-day event, chaired by India’s G20 Sherpa Amitabh Kant.
  • India’s G20 theme is  “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” – “One Earth, One Family, One Future”.
  • The first G20 Sherpa meeting was held in Udaipur in December.

Also check:

Daily current affairs for March 28, 2023Daily current affairs for March 29, 2023
Daily current affairs for March 30, 2023Daily current affairs for March 31, 2023

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