Daily Current Affairs for Competitive Examination August 8, 2022 - Embibe
  • Written By tithi
  • Last Modified 08-08-2022
  • Written By tithi
  • Last Modified 08-08-2022

Daily Current Affairs for Competitive Examination: August 8, 2022

Current Affairs are the keystone to achieving high marks in government exams and provided that there is no curriculum, the preparation is also quite unconventional. Embibe’s academicians have created the daily Current Affairs series to assist aspirants in their practice, which offers the latest news of the day from across the world.

Current Affairs: Defence

Skylight Exercise

To test the operational readiness of satellite systems and personnel manning them, the Indian Army carried out Exercise Skylight, validating and showcasing the resilience of its communication capabilities in case terrestrial connectivity is disrupted in future conflicts.

What is a skylight exercise?

  • The indigenous multiband satellite with advanced security features will support tactical communication requirements of not only troops deployed on the ground and remotely piloted aircraft, air defence weapons, and other mission-critical and fire support platforms.
  • This exercise, conducted by the Indian Army, was the first of its kind large-scale exercise to boost its space domain capabilities.
  • The aim of the exercise was to test the operational readiness of satellite communication assets and the training of personnel manning these.

Need

  • The Army has carried out detailed studies of cyber and electromagnetic effects in the war in Ukraine. Electronic warfare has played a major role in Ukraine.
  • During the two-week-long exercise, all satellite communication assets in the Army were activated, and various technical and operational scenarios in the space domain were simulated. 
  • Various agencies responsible for space and ground segments, as also the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), participated in the exercise. 
  • This includes over 200 static platforms and over 80 vehicle-based and man-portable systems that were incorporated.

Question: 1 Skylight Exercise is recently conducted by whom to showcase the resilience of communication capabilities?

  1. Indian Army
  2. Indian Navy
  3. Indian Airforce
  4. Coast Guard

Answer: A

Current Affairs: National

Badhe Chalo Movement

With the objective of connecting with the youth of the nation and instil a deeper sense of patriotism among them, the Ministry of Culture has decided to create a youth-centric activation for greater outreach of Amrit Mahotsav named ‘Badhe Chalo’.

Objective

  • It is designed to involve the youth of the country, encouraging them to come forward and imbibe the true spirit of our democracy and celebrate 75 years of India’s independence with youthful fervour.
  • Through this mass movement or ‘Jan Bhagidari’ initiative, the Ministry of Culture also intends to amplify and support the ‘Har Ghar Tiranga’ movement. 

Other features

  • Badhe Chalo will feature flash Dances, where dancers will perform on a specially created ‘Youth Anthem’ to connect and bring the youth and people together from across the country on one platform. 
  • This trendy and youthful activation will feature Flash Dances happening across 75 cities at prime locations all over India. 
  • Through these Flash Dances, the Ministry aims to spread the message and spirit of the Amrit Mahotsav in an entertaining and enthusiastic manner.

Question: 2 Recently initiated Badhe Chalo Movement is associated with which art form?

  1. Drama
  2. Dance
  3. Stage show
  4. Literature 

Answer: B

Current Affairs: Defence

Porcupine Strategy

  • The recent long-range, live-fire drills by China’s Eastern Theatre Command of firing several ballistic missiles near the Taiwan border raised defence concerns.
  • Although Taiwan said that it was “preparing for war without seeking war.”
  • The potential risk of Chinese invasion has hung over Taiwan for over 70 years, long enough for many Taiwanese to believe it will never happen. 

What is The porcupine strategy or asymmetrical warfare?

  • The “porcupine doctrine” was proposed in 2008 by US Naval War College research professor William S Murray.
  • It focuses on fortifying a weak state’s defences to exploit the enemy’s weaknesses rather than taking on its strengths.
  • It is about building defences that would ensure that Taiwan “could be attacked and damaged but not defeated, at least without unacceptably high costs and risks”.

 The objective of the strategy

  • The aim of the strategy, also known as ‘asymmetrical warfare’, is to make Taiwan’s defence so secure that any attacker faces a ruinous cost. 
  • It also focuses on weapons that are easily concealed, such as portable Javelin and Stinger missiles over expensive and easy-to-hit tanks, warships and naval ves

Can a Chinese invasion succeed?

  • Maybe. But there are risks.
  • “Any near-term PLA invasion would remain a high-risk option. Such an operation would rely on the success of the PLA’s more developed cyberattack, missile strike, and blockade capabilities to sufficiently degrade, isolate, or defeat Taiwan’s defending forces and its anti-access and area denial capabilities to prevent decisive US intervention.

Question: 3 Recently, the porcupine strategy was in the news is used by which of the following country?

  1. China
  2. Ukraine
  3. Taiwan
  4. Russia

Answer: C

Current Affairs: Environment and Ecology

Indian Virtual Herbarium

With details of about one lakh plant specimens, Indian Virtual Herbarium, the biggest virtual database of flora in the country, is generating a lot of interest and turning out to be an eye-catching endeavour.

What is Indian Virtual Herbarium?

  • Indian Virtual Herbarium is a database of dried plants that maximises the usefulness of the collections. 
  • Apart from digital images of the herbarium specimens, the label data on each species include all information about the herbarium specimen such as family, genus, species, author citation, sub-species, variety (if any), collector, collection number, collection date, herbarium region, localities, plant description, habitat and comments (if any) are available.

Features

  • The digital herbarium also includes features to extract the data state-wise. Users can search for plants in their own states, which will help them identify regional plants and build regional checklists.
  • It consists of approximately three million plant specimens related data available in the country.
  • It is also deeply linked with the botanical history of the country. 
  • It has some of the oldest botanical specimens dating as early as 1696. 

Usage

  • The virtual herbarium makes unique images available free of cost. 
  • In order to access the digital herbarium, it’s enough to enter the scientific name of a plant or use a function of advanced search. 
  • It could be used not only by taxonomists but also by naturalists, ecologists, molecular biologists, and amateur botanists. 
  • The virtual database is compatible with mobile, and users can access the details easily. 

Question: 4 In which state is the Central National Herbarium located in India?

  1. Assam
  2. West Bengal
  3. Himachal
  4. Uttarakhand

Answer: B

Current Affairs: Indian Economy

FPI Advisory Committee 

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has constituted an expert group of Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPIs) to boost overseas flows into the country. 

Structure of the Committee

  • The FPI Advisory Committee (FAC) will be chaired by former Chief Economic Adviser KV Subramanian and consists of 14 other members representing foreign banks, stock exchanges depositories and RBI.

Major task and purpose of its establishment

  • The FAC has been tasked with advising on issues related to investments and operations of FPIs in the financial markets, including measures to facilitate ease of doing business by FPIs in India. 
  • The committee will review investment avenues available for FPIs and advise on the feasibility of new investment avenues. 
  • It will also suggest measures required to encourage FPI participation in the bond market.

Question: 5 Who has been appointed as the chairman of the recently constituted FPI Advisory Committee by SEBI?

  1. KV Subramanian
  2. Madhabi Puri Buch
  3. Arvind Subramanian
  4. Dr Shankar Acharya

Answer: A

Current Affairs: National

ITU’s Regional Standardisation Forum (RSF) for Asia and Oceania

  • As a part of the celebrations during Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, India’s Ministry of Communication is hosting the International Telecommunication Union’s (ITU) Regional Standardization Forum (RSF) for Asia and Oceania region on  August 8, 2022, in New Delhi. 
  • The forum will be succeeded by a four-day meeting of ITU-T Study Group 3 Regional Group Asia and Oceania (ITU-T SG3RG-AO).

Theme 

  • Regulatory and Policy Aspects of Telecommunications/ICTs.

About the Forum:

  • The forum is a platform for the constructive exchange of ideas, discussing standardisation topics, including inter-alia India’s experience in various sectors of technology like sustainable digital transformation and the role of ITU standards; harnessing technologies for digital and financial inclusion in emerging markets; and evolving data value chain and digital health.

About ITU-T Study Group 3:

  • ITU-T Study Group 3 Regional Group Asia and Oceania (ITU-T SG3RG-AO) meeting is open for member states and sector members of ITU-T, and over 130 participants will contribute to the meeting. 
  • Regional Group Asia and Oceania meeting is in physical mode after a gap of three years due to CoVID-19. 
  • The objective of this meeting is to contribute to the standardisation work of ITU-T Study Group 3 and also to secure the interest of the Asia and Oceania region.

Question: 6 The recent meeting of 6 International Telecommunication Union’s (ITU) Regional Standardization Forum (RSF) for Asia and Oceania regions was held in which of the following states/UT?

  1. Gujrat
  2. New Delhi
  3. Karnataka
  4. Maharashtra

Answer: B

Current Affairs: Defence

India begins cooperation with Bahrain-based Combined Maritime Forces

India officially began working with the Bahrain-based multilateral alliance, Combined Maritime Forces, last month (CMF), which means that the specifics of the nature of the partnership are still being worked out.

Details

  • It will be a cooperative engagement based on the needs and requirements, and Associate membership has limited commitments to resources and personnel. 
  • India expressed its intention to become an Associate Partner of the CMF during the India-US 2+2 in April of this year, which, according to Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, will strengthen collaboration in regional security in the Western Indian Ocean. 
  • The Indian Navy has participated in numerous international engagements as part of India’s expanding military diplomacy, the newest of which is joining the CMF.
  •  Indian Navy has a liaison officer stationed at the US Central Command (CENTCOM) in Bahrain who will also serve as the point of contact for collaboration with the CMF.

34 member grouping

  • CMF is a multi-national naval partnership to promote security, stability and prosperity across approximately 3.2 million square miles of international waters, which encompass some of the world’s most important shipping lanes.
  • The 34-nation grouping is commanded by a U.S. Navy Vice Admiral, who also serves as Commander U.S. Naval Forces CENTCOM and U.S. Fifth Fleet. All three commands are co-located at U.S. Naval Support Activity Bahrain. In the immediate neighbourhood, Pakistan is a full member of CMF.
  • It is comprised of three task forces: CTF 150 (maritime security and counter-terrorism), CTF 151 (counter-piracy) and CTF 152 (Arabian Gulf security and cooperation).

Combined Maritime Forces

  • The CMF is a fluid organisation, and its members are not constrained by a political or military mandate, according to the organisation’s website. 
  • Its Contributions can range from the availability of a liaison officer at CMF Headquarters in Bahrain to the supply of battleships or support vessels in task forces and maritime reconnaissance aircraft based on land.
  • Under this framework, India has in the past cooperated with CMF on various occasions. For instance, the CMF’s CTF 151 has coordinated with Indian and Chinese warships deployed on anti-piracy duties to patrol the Maritime Security Transit Corridor.

Question: 7 Recently, India began corporation with which country for a multilateral alliance on Combined Maritime Forces?

  1. Maldives
  2. Bahrain
  3. Australia
  4. USA

Answer: B

Current Affairs: Defence

Charles Drew

The US Navy ship Charles Drew arrived at the Larsen and Toubro shipyard in Kattupalli, Chennai, on Sunday for repairs and allied services, providing a significant boost to ‘Make in India’ and ‘Aatmanirbharta in Defence.’

Details

  • This is the first time a US Navy ship has been repaired in India. 
  • The US Navy had awarded a contract to L&T’s Shipyard in Kattupalli to maintain the ship. The event demonstrates Indian shipyards’ capabilities in the global ship repair market.

About USNS Charles Drew

  • USNS Charles Drew (T-AKE-10) is a Lewis and Clark-class dry cargo ship of the United States Navy, named in honour of Dr Charles R. Drew, who developed improved techniques for blood storage and applied his expert knowledge in developing large-scale blood banks early in World War II, saving thousands of Allied lives.

Growth of  Shipyard repairing industry in India

  • India has six major shipyards with nearly $2 billion combined annual revenue.
  • Vikrant, the country’s first indigenous aircraft carrier, is a shining example of the Indian shipbuilding industry’s growth. 
  • Goa Shipyard Limited and some of our start-ups have built vessels capable of autonomous missions as part of the new innovation ecosystem.
  • Indian shipbuilding industry is not only doing traditional things, but it is also incorporating cutting-edge technologies.

Question: 8 What is the name of the US Navy cruiser Ship that arrived in India recently for repairs?

  1. USNS Charles Drew
  2. USNS William Mclean
  3. USNS Wally Schirra
  4. USNS Cesar Chavez

Answer: A

Current Affairs: Sports

Viswanathan Anand becomes FIDE deputy president

Indian chess legend Viswanathan Anand was recently elected as the deputy president of FIDE, the sport’s world governing body, while incumbent president Arkady Dvorkovich was re-elected for a second term.

Election

  • Dvorkovich received 157 votes as against 16 by his rival Andrii Baryshpolets while the number of invalid votes was 1, and abstentions stood at 5.
  • The elections to the world chess body were held during the FIDE Congress, which is being conducted here alongside the 44th Chess Olympiad.

Viswanathan Anand

  • Viswanathan Anand is the legendary Indian chess player and five-time world champion.
  • Anand began playing chess at six years old after learning the game from his mother. 
  • At the age of 15, he was already an International Master after winning the 1984 Asian Junior Championship for players under 20.
  • Anand is known for playing quickly early in his career, competed for the classical championship in 1995 and was FIDE champion from 2000-2002 before claiming the reunited title in 2007. 
  • He held that title for six years until 2013. Anand has a productive post-championship career at an age when many other top players have retired.

What is FIDE?

  • FIDE is the French acronym for “International Chess Federation or World Chess Federation”. 
  • It stands for “Federation Internationale des Echecs. FIDE is an international organisation headquartered in Switzerland.  
  • Currently, there are 200 members of FIDE.
  • It was founded in Paris, France, on July 20, 1924.

Question: 9 Which Indian Chess Player was recently elected as deputy president of FIDE?

  1. Sethuraman S.P
  2. Vishwanathan Anand
  3. Harikrishna Pentala
  4. Surya Shekhar Ganguly 

 Answer: B

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