The ICAR full form in English is Indian Council of Agricultural Research, whereas, in Hindi, it stands fo भारतीय कृषि अनुसंधान परिषद. ICAR is an exclusive organisation that is solely dedicated to coordinating the overall agricultural research and education in India. It operates under the administrative control of the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
ICAR reports all its findings and operations directly to the Department of Agricultural Research and Education. Furthermore, the Union Minister of Agriculture is usually appointed as the president of the organisation. Currently, ICAR is widely renowned as the largest network in terms of agricultural education and research in the global landscape.
Establishment and Composition of ICAR
ICAR is a registered society that comes under the purview of the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The council came into existence on July 16th, 1929, and is currently headquartered in Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi. It was previously known as the Imperial Council of Agricultural Research and is currently regarded as one of the prominent agricultural organisations in the country. The members of ICAR comprise various ministers that come from different backgrounds such as agriculture, fisheries, and animal husbandry. Furthermore, some of the members are members of parliament and other senior posts of the state government.
ICAR consists of educationists, farmer representatives, agricultural scientists, legislators, etc. The organisation receives continued support from its accreditation board, finance committee, scientific panels, and other noticeable regional committees that helps it to keep advancing further in the agriculture field. The director general of ICAR and the secretary of the Department of Agriculture Research and Education (DARE) serve as the principal advisor in matters that are directly tied to the agriculture & allied fields. The Government of India received tremendous inputs and insights from such organisations to promote subsequent growth in this space.
Widespread Reach and Branches
The overall budget of ICAR has already crossed the $1 billion mark and Mr. Trilochan Mohaptra is the incumbent director of the organisation. The Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board (ASRB) is the official body that is responsible for conducting all the essential competitive examinations for recruitment purposes. The post of Agriculture Research Service (ARS) is filled by such a competitive examination that falls under the purview of ICAR.
The council is considered an apex body that coordinates, guides as well as manages agriculture research & education which usually includes animal sciences, fisheries, and horticulture in the country. In addition to this, the organisation has successfully established 45 agricultural universities and 97 ICAR institutes that are spread across the country. It is yet another predominant reason that makes ICAR the largest agricultural network in the world.
Currently, ICAR is a diversified organisation that has its roots spread across the agricultural space in the below-mentioned forms:
- 13 Project Directorates/Directorates
- 6 National Bureaus
- 14 National Research Centres
Functions of ICAR
Below mentioned are some of the exclusive functions of ICAR:
- To strategize, aid, promote, undertake and coordinate agriculture research and education in the mainstream. Ensuring the precise research & its respective application in the field of agriculture, animal husbandry, agroforestry, allied sciences, home science, and fisheries.
- To operate as an exclusive clearing house when it comes to conducting relevant research and providing education in the field of agriculture, allied sciences, home science, fisheries, animal husbandry, etc. It is usually done through its information system and essential publications.
- It also promotes the seamless transfer of technology and agricultural programs.
- To promote, undertake and facilitate the users with relevant consultancy services. Such services are generally provided in the field of research, education & training.
- To inspect and figure out the solutions to the problems that originate from the broader areas, especially in the case of rural agricultural development. It also works towards successfully developing the much-needed cooperative programs that boost postharvest technology.
- Coordinating and establishing cordial relations with other prominent organisations that work in similar agriculture space, such as the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Indian Council of Social Science Research, and other deemed universities that usually conduct research in the agricultural field.
The Roots of ICAR
The Green Revolution that ushered in a new wave of agricultural development in the country was brought into the public domain by ICAR and the council played a pioneering role while the revolution was still in effect. Not only that, but ICAR was also able to stimulate subsequent agricultural growth through technological developments and by introducing innovative methods. It facilitated the country with a diversified platform to increase the overall volume of food grain production by an impressive 4 per cent. Moreover, the horticultural crops witnessed a significant surge in production by 6 times, whereas the fisheries increased by 9 times.
The presence of ICAR in the economy made a visible and long-lasting impact on nutritional security and national food production. Furthermore, the organisation also played a pivotal role in promoting the overall excellence in higher education in the field of agriculture. Making greater room for incorporating extensive use of science and technology has always been one of the underlying motives of the organisation right from its inception.
Projects and Accolades of ICAR
‘ICAR Vision 2050’ aims to introduce a new wave of growth in the country’s agriculture space by introducing a strategic framework that explores the prospects of sustainable agriculture growth. Furthermore, it talks about the innovation-led inclusiveness that aims to promote overall awareness of the field. ICAR also aims to impart agricultural education to usher in a new age of quality human resource development. It is involved in the frontline extension of technology, capacity development, and knowledge management which are specifically aimed at agri-based rural development.
Below mentioned are some of the noticeable achievements of ICAR as a prominent agricultural organisation in the country:
- Launched the National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP) in 2005.
- Launched the National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP) in 1998.
- Established the National Gene Bank, New Delhi in 1996.
- ICAR has also conferred the honour of the ‘King Baudouin Award’ (1989) for playing a major role in the Green Revolution.
FAQs on ICAR
Here are common FAQs on ICAR:
Q.1) What is the full form of ICAR and when did it come into existence?
A.1) The ICAR full form is the Indian Council of Agricultural Research and it was established on July 16th, 1929.
Q.2) Who is the current director of ICAR and which ministry does the organisation represent?
A.2) Mr. Trilochan Mohaptra is the current director of ICAR and the organisation operates under the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
Q.3) What is the main function of ICAR?
A.3) ICAR primarily focuses on strategizing and promoting the current landscape of agricultural development through research & education.
Q.4) What are some of the noticeable achievements of ICAR?
A.4) ICAR launched prominent agricultural projects like National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP), National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP), and National Gene Bank, New Delhi in 1996 etc.
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