NIOS Full Form: NIOS stands for National Institute of Open Schooling. It is a board of education established in 1989 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development of the Government of India. Previously, the board was known as National Open School. However, the name was changed to National Institute of Open Schooling or NIOS in 2002. The board conducts Secondary (equivalent to Class 10) and Senior Secondary (equivalent to Class 12) examinations. It also offers vocational courses.
As the NIOS full form suggests, it is an open school established to provide distant education. The main objective of this board is to spread education to all segments of society, including the remotest parts of the country. It was established to increase literacy in India.
With a total of 1.5 million enrollment from 2004 to 2009, NIOS is the largest open schooling system in the world. This article provides, apart from the NIOS full form, other important information regarding the board. Read on to find out.
NIOS Full Form: What Is NIOS?
As mentioned above, the full form of NIOS is National Institute of Open Schooling. It is a national-level board of education that provides distant education to all segments of the society and is responsible for conducting Secondary and Senior Secondary examination. Let us have an overview of the board:
|Name of the Board||NIOS|
|NIOS Full Form||National Institute of Open Schooling|
|Previously Known As||National Open School|
|Year of Establishment||1989|
|Purpose of the Board||Increase Literacy, Provide Flexible Learning Opportunities|
|Major Exams Conducted||Secondary and Senior Secondary Exam|
Let us now look at the different courses offered by NIOS.
Courses Offered By NIOS
NIOS offers the following courses:
- Open Basic Education (OBE) programme which has three levels as under:
a. OBE Level A which is equivalent to Class I-III
b. OBE Level B which is equivalent to Class IV-V
c. OBE Level C which is equivalent to Class VI-VIII
- Secondary Course which is equivalent to Class X
- Senior Secondary Course which is equivalent to Class XII
- Vocational Education
- Diploma in Elementary Education (D. El. Ed.) for Untrained Teachers
- Life Enrichment
- Life Skills Program
NIOS conducts its examinations twice a year – once in April-May and then again in October-November. For Secondary and Senior Secondary levels, students can also apply for On-Demand Examinations for subjects in which they have taken admission in NIOS.
Students must study a minimum of five subjects and a maximum of seven subjects. A total of nine chances across a period of five years is given to each student to clear the exam. Students must secure a minimum of 33% marks in order to clear the NIOS exam.
Differences Between NIOS And CBSE (And Other Boards)
In terms of syllabus and curriculum, NIOS is similar to CBSE. The main difference between NIOS and other boards lies in the fact that NIOS offers more flexibility in terms of the choice of the subjects. Also, the central idea behind the establishment of NIOS is to enable students who are not able to go for regular schooling/studies pursue education.
So, now you know the NIOS full form and what is NIOS. You are also aware of the courses/programs offered by the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) and the NIOS examination.
At Embibe, NIOS students can prepare for their exams for free. Students of NIOS Class 8, 9, and 10 can take foundation mock tests for Science and Maths on Embibe. Senior Secondary students of NIOS can also solve Class 11 and 12 PCMB practice questions and Class 11 and 12 PCMB mock tests on Embibe for free. These resources will help you crack NIOS exam as well as other competitive exams, like NTSE, Olympiads, JEE and NEET. So, make the best use of these resources and crack your exam with a high score.
We hope this detailed article on NIOS full form helps you. If you have any query, feel free to ask in the comment box below. We will get back to you at the earliest.