NIOS Full Form: NIOS stands for National Institute of Open Schooling. It is a board of education established in 1989 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) of the Government of India. Previously, the board was known as National Open School. However, the name was changed to National Institute of Open Schooling or NIOS in 2002. The board conducts Secondary (equivalent to Class 10) and Senior Secondary (equivalent to Class 12) examinations. It also offers vocational courses.
As the NIOS full form suggests, it is an open school established to provide distance education. The main objective of this board is to spread education to all segments of society, including the remotest parts of the country. It was established to increase literacy in India.
With a total of 1.5 million enrollment from 2004 to 2009, NIOS is the largest open schooling system in the world. This article provides, apart from the NIOS full form, other important information regarding the board. Read on to find out.
NIOS Full Form: What Is NIOS? | National Institute Of Open Schooling
As mentioned above, the full form of NIOS is the National Institute of Open Schooling. It is a national-level board of education that provides distance education to all segments of the society and is responsible for conducting Secondary and Senior Secondary examinations. Let us have an overview of the board:
|Name of the Board||NIOS|
|NIOS Full Form||National Institute of Open Schooling|
|Previously Known As||National Open School|
|Year of Establishment||1989|
|Purpose of the Board||Increase Literacy, Provide Flexible Learning Opportunities|
|Major Exams Conducted||Secondary and Senior Secondary Exam|
Let us now look at the different courses offered by NIOS.
Courses Offered By NIOS
NIOS offers the following courses:
- Open Basic Education (OBE) program has three levels as under:
a. OBE Level A which is equivalent to Class I-III
b. OBE Level B which is equivalent to Class IV-V
c. OBE Level C which is equivalent to Class VI-VIII
- Secondary Course which is equivalent to Class X
- Senior Secondary Course which is equivalent to Class XII
- Vocational Education
- Diploma in Elementary Education (D. El. Ed.) for Untrained Teachers
- Life Enrichment
- Life Skills Program
NIOS Full Form In Education: NIOS Examinations
NIOS conducts its examinations twice a year – once in April-May and then again in October-November. For Secondary and Senior Secondary levels, students can also apply for On-Demand Examinations for subjects in which they have taken admission in NIOS.
Students must study a minimum of five subjects and a maximum of seven subjects. A total of nine chances across a period of five years is given to each student to clear the exam. Students must secure a minimum of 33% marks in order to clear the NIOS exam.
International Collaborations & Centers Of NIOS
NIOS works in collaboration with the Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and UNESCO. NIOS manages study centers in India as well as other countries. The list of countries with NIOS study centers is provided below:
- United Arab Emirates
- Saudi Arabia
- United Kingdom
- New Zealand
- The United States of America.
NIOS Regional Offices
NIOS operates and manages 18 regional centers and 4 sub-centers in India. NIOS regional offices exist in almost all the states of India. These regional offices are responsible for the administration of study centres in a state (or states) or areas. Given below is the list of NIOS regional offices and the state/areas under their jurisdiction:
|Delhi I||East, North, North-east, North-west areas of Delhi, Jhajjar, Gautam Budh Nagar, and Ghaziabad|
|Delhi II||South, West, South-west, Central areas of Delhi, New Delhi, Gurugram, and Faridabad|
|Pune||Maharashtra, Goa, Daman and Diu|
|Chandigarh||Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, and Chandigarh|
|Kolkata||Sikkim, West Bengal, and Andaman & Nicobar Islands|
|Chennai||Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry|
|Guwahati||Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, and Manipur|
Difference Between NIOS And CBSE (And Other Boards)
In terms of syllabus and curriculum, NIOS is similar to CBSE. The main difference between NIOS and other boards lies in the fact that NIOS offers more flexibility in terms of the choice of the subjects. Also, the central idea behind the establishment of NIOS is to enable students who are not able to go for regular schooling/studies to pursue education.
So, now you know the NIOS full form and what is NIOS. You are also aware of the courses/programs offered by the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) and the NIOS examination.
Frequently Asked Questions On NIOS
Some of the frequently asked questions on NIOS are listed below:
Q1. What is NIOS?
A1. NIOS is an educational organization that provides open and distance learning education. It also conducts exams on the pre-degree level which is equivalent to other board exams like CISCE or CBSE.
Q2. What is Open and Distance Learning system?
A2. Through Open and Distance learning (ODL), NIOS provides learning opportunities through Self Learning Material (SLM). It is a flexible system of study.
Q3. Which courses are offered by NIOS?
A3. You can check the complete list of courses offered by NIOS in the above section.
Q4. Are NIOS Class 10 and 12 exam certificates recognized as certificates from other Boards?
A4. Yes. The NIOS certificates for Class 10 and 12 have the same recognition as certificates issued by CBSE or CISCE.
Q5. I am a NIOS student. Can I appear for JEE Main?
A5. Yes, NIOS students are eligible to appear for JEE Main provided they meet the other JEE Main eligibility criteria.
Q6. Can NIOS students appear for NEET?
A5. Yes, NIOS students can appear for NEET. But they must meet the other eligibility criteria.
Learn and Practice Online With Embibe
At Embibe, NIOS students can prepare for their exams for free. Students of NIOS Class 8, 9, and 10 can take foundation mock tests for Science and Maths on Embibe. Senior Secondary students of NIOS can also solve Class 12 PCMB practice questions and Class 12 PCMB mock tests on Embibe for free. These resources will help you crack the NIOS exam as well as other competitive exams, like NTSE, Olympiads, JEE and NEET.
To take a mock test or practise questions on Embibe, follow the below-mentioned steps:
- – 1st Step: Go to embibe.com. We advise you to log in to have the best experience.
- – 2nd Step: Click on ‘Take a Test’ under the search field.
- – 3rd Step: Make sure that you have selected your Goal as ‘Engineering’ or ‘Medical’. Click on ‘change your goal’ at the top-right corner to change your goal.
- – 4th Step: Select the subject you want to take the test in.
- – 5th Step: Select the part test that you want to take and click on the ‘Start Test’ button.
- – 6th Step: In case you want to practice questions before taking a test, click on ‘Start Practice’.
We hope this detailed article on NIOS’s full form helps you. If you have any queries, feel free to ask in the comment box below. We will get back to you at the earliest. Stay tuned to embibe.com for more on NIOS.10 Views