Nutrients and Minerals in Common Food Items - Embibe
  • Written By triraj
  • Last Modified 29-06-2022
  • Written By triraj
  • Last Modified 29-06-2022

Nutrients and Minerals in Common Food Items

It is not a secret that the food we eat and consume is filled with nutrients and minerals that help the human body function effectively. However, one thing which needs to be kept in mind is that not every food that we eat is filled with all kinds of nutrients. Students should be aware of which food has which nutrient and for class 6 to 8 CBSE students, it is a part of their Biology syllabus. 

Nutrients are substances that provide essential nourishment for the maintenance of life and growth. This article has provided a list of common food items that have nutrients and minerals. It will not only help students to complete the Biology syllabus but also to maintain a heavy lifestyle and know the importance of nutrients and minerals. Read on to know more about nutrients and minerals in common food items.

Importance of Nutrients and Minerals in Human Body

Nutrition in simple words can be defined as the fuel the body gets for nourishment and development. Without the intake of nutrients and minerals a human body will become weak, sick, and the worst case scenario can be dead. So, nutrients are very important for the human body and the way one can get nutrients and minerals is through food items that are available in every household.

The best way that one can improve their nutrient intake is by following and developing a healthy diet. Students need to keep in mind that food is processed better than supplements and that is the reason having a proper diet can improve nutrients and mineral intake. Moreover, deficiency in certain nutrients results in stress, bad digestive system, allergies, and so on. Students can find the best food item list for nutrient intake that are found in any common household in this article below.

Types of Nutrients and Minerals in Food Items

There are different types of nutrients and minerals that are available in food. A balanced diet with the availability of all the nutrients and minerals is probably the best way to be healthy and ensure that no diseases affect a human body. However, there are around 7 main nutrient types which are often found in common food items and they are

  • Carbohydrates
  • Proteins
  • Fats
  • Iron
  • Sulphur
  • Phosphorus
  • Calcium

Carbohydrates in Common Food Items

Carbohydrates which are commonly known as carbs are sugar molecules which the body breaks down into glucose. Carbs are one of the main sources of energy for the body and glucose is stored in the liver and muscles so that they can be used later by the body. The common food list which has carbohydrates are as follows:

  • Rice
  • Idli
  • Chapati
  • Puri
  • Potatoes
  • Jaggery
  • Sugar
  • Honey
  • Bread

Proteins in Common Food Items

Proteins are an important nutrients source because it helps the body to grow and repair cells which are required to work properly. One thing which is important to note is that protein intake varies according to a person’s weight, height, gender, age, and health. The common food list which has proteins are as follows:

  • Eggs
  • Fish
  • Milk
  • Paneer
  • Pulses
  • Poultry
  • Nuts
  • Beans

Fats in Common Food Items

A human body cannot make essential fatty acids that help in the absorption of vitamin A, vitamin D, and vitamin E. Fats help in making essential fatty acids which help in the absorption of the above mentioned vitamins. These vitamins are fat soluble and are incredibly important for the body. The common food list which has fats are as follows:

  • Butter
  • Groundnut
  • Ghee
  • Vegetable Oils
  • Cheese
  • Eggs
  • Fatty Fish
  • Yogurt

Iron in Common Food Items

Iron is a mineral that is found in various food items. Iron is essential to make haemoglobin which is a protein in red blood cells and it carries oxygen from the lungs to other parts of the body. Moreover, it is needed for the growth and development of the human body. The common food list which has iron are as follows:

  • Meat
  • Dry fruits
  • Leafy Vegetables
  • Jaggery
  • Legumes
  • Fish

Sulphur in Common Food Items

Sulphur is a mineral which makes tissues stronger and flexible and is present in skin, hair, and nails. Sulphur is present in methionine and cysteine, which are amino acids and are used to make proteins in the body. The common food list which has sulphur are as follows:

  • Meat
  • Nuts
  • Eggs
  • Lentils
  • Leafy vegetables
  • Grains
  • Oats

Phosphorus in Common Food Items

Phosphorus can be termed as one of the most important minerals in the human body. Phosphorus is found in cells and tissues, however, almost 85 percent of phosphorus is found in bones and teeth. Phosphorus also helps the body by filtering out the kidney and supports the body in storing energy. The common food list which has phosphorus are as follows:

  • Milk
  • Leafy vegetables
  • Meat
  • Seafood
  • Nuts
  • Beans
  • Lentils

Calcium in Common Food Items

Calcium is important when it comes to having healthier teeth and bones. Moreover, calcium plays an important role in blood clotting, contracting of muscles, and having normal and regulated heart rhythms and nerve functions. The common food list which has calcium are as follows:

  • Milk
  • Green vegetables
  • Cereals
  • Bread
  • Fish
  • Cheese
  • Beans
  • Lentils
  • Dry fruits

We hope that this article on Nutrients and Minerals in Common Food Items has been helpful. If you have any questions feel free to contact us and we will try to resolve your queries at the earliest.

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