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In biology, flowering plants are known by the name angiosperms. Male and female reproductive organs can be found in the same plant in flowering plants. The flower is the sexual reproduction organ. Male gametes are created in the anthers of the flower and can be found in pollen grains. Ovules contain female gametes, which are created in the flower’s ovary.
This page will give you a detailed overview of the entire process of sexual reproduction in flowering plants. Keep reading to know more!
Before diving deep into the reproduction procedure in angiosperms, let us give you the overall anatomy of a flowering plant and its reproductive parts:
A flowering plant consists of four whorls or parts:
The process of sexual reproduction in flowering plants involves two major steps: Pollination followed by Fertilisation.
All flowering plants perform the ecological process of pollination. For the purpose of sexual reproduction in flowering plants, the mature pollen grains are moved from the anther to the stigma during this process.
Pollination comes in two categories:
Through the pollen tube, the pollens are delivered to the ovary after pollination. One of the male gametes enters the ovary and fertilises the ovule or female gamete, while the other combines with the polar nuclei. A zygote is created when a gamete combines with an egg and eventually matures into an embryo. The endosperm nucleus is created when the second gamete fuses with the polar nuclei. The embryo receives nutrients from it. Ovules are eventually transformed into seeds through fertilisation, and the ovary grows into a fruit.
Plants can reproduce sexually or asexually; asexual reproduction occurs when a portion of the plant, such as a tuber or rhizome, is vegetatively propagated. In most cases, sexual reproduction occurs during the pollination process, in which pollen is transferred from a male flower’s anther to a female flower’s stigma. We all know that pistils and stamens are the male and female reproductive parts of the plant, respectively, and that flowers are the reproductive section of the plant.
We have provided detailed information on reproduction in this article. To prepare for the exam, you can also solve CBSE Class 12 Biology Questions and take CBSE Class 12 Biology Mock Tests for free at Embibe. Make the best use of these resources and take your preparation to the next level.
We hope this detailed article on Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plant helps you. Stay tuned to embibe.com for more updates!
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