Types and Branches of Chemistry: There’s no doubt that Chemistry is an incredibly fascinating subject. It ought to be, after all – chemistry is all around us, from the food we eat to the petrol that fuels our vehicles to the emotions we feel, everything is interlinked with chemistry. So expansive is the field of chemistry that it’s grouped into various types, depending on the area of specialisation. If you’re interested in pursuing this subject further, we bring you the types and branches of chemistry so that you can choose your stream well.
The types and branches of chemistry are mentioned below:
Types and Branches of Chemistry
There are various types and branches of chemistry and to know each one of them is a tedious task. Embibe makes it easier for you as we bring you some types and branches of chemistry to look out for your career:
Types and Branches of Chemistry | Organic Chemistry
Under this branch, you will explore carbon, hydrocarbon and its compounds. Organic chemistry involves the study of the structure, properties, reactions, and synthesis of organic compounds containing carbon.
Applications: Those with a specialisation in organic chemistry can dive into the following professions: pharmaceuticals (antibiotics, painkillers, anaesthetics, drugs to cure diseases, etc.), medicine (understanding the pathophysiology of diseases, diagnosing diseases), food (finding the next superfood, identifying improved food solutions), consumer goods (shampoos, food dyes, cosmetics, insect repellents, etc.).
Types and Branches of Chemistry | Inorganic Chemistry
Inorganic chemistry deals with the study of all the compounds not covered by organic chemistry. This includes analysing the synthesis, reactions, structures, and properties of organometallic compounds as well as compounds that do not contain carbon-hydrogen bonds.
Applications: The need and significance of inorganic chemistry are as strong and significant as that of organic chemistry. With this as your specialisation, you’ll find your niche in solar power technology, environmental research, automobiles, nanotechnology, mobile, and computer technology, polymer, and materials science, pharmaceuticals.
Types and Branches of Chemistry | Analytical Chemistry
Analytical chemistry involves analysing the qualitative and quantitative properties of compounds and using those insights to further develop and improve established analytical methods. It also includes developing new methods to analyse and measure properties of matter and chemical phenomena.
Applications: With analytical chemistry, you will find yourself at home in the food and drug industry, forensics, agriculture, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, environmental research, medical technology and so on.
Types and Branches of Chemistry | Physical Chemistry
Physical chemistry, quite simply, is the application of physics to the study of chemistry. We already know that physics and chemistry are closely interlinked. Under this stream, you will apply principles of kinetics, thermodynamics, spectroscopy, quantum mechanics and the likes to understand the behaviour of matter on a molecular and atomic level.
Applications: Physical and analytical chemistry often overlap because of the nature of the work and the processes involved. Many physical chemists find their expertise in analytical chemistry – and more often than not, physical and analytical chemists will work on the same processes, towards the same goal. You will find opportunities in product development in the consumer goods and pharmaceutical industry, materials science, government labs and even financial and venture capital firms to analyse data from the chemical industry.
Types and Branches of Chemistry | Biochemistry
As the name suggests, biochemistry pertains to understanding the principles governing the chemical processes in basic biological systems. Biochemistry brings together core aspects of biology and chemistry – you will use chemical techniques and methods to solve biological problems. This study involves looking at what’s happening inside our cells, how cells communicate with each other, how our bodies fight diseases and recover, and much more.
Applications: Disciplines such as genetics, microbiology, forensics, plant science and medicine, food and cosmetics, agriculture, drug discovery, and development have a valuable need for biochemists.
Types and Branches of Chemistry | Surface Chemistry
Surface Chemistry as the name suggests is the study of occurrences taking place on the surfaces of substances like corrosion, crystallization, adsorption, heterogeneous catalysis, the formation of colloids etc. Surface Chemistry brings together the study of both surface and chemistry in daily life. This study is all about looking around yourself and identifying the changes taking place on the surfaces of the various material and so on.
Applications: Undertaking Surface Chemistry will get you placed as a Business Unit Controller, Senior Formulation Chemist, Surface Chemist etc. Surface Chemistry is widely applied in various industries as well as our day-to-day lives. This branch of Chemistry sees a strong stay in the business world.
Types and Branches of Chemistry | Geochemistry
Geochemistry deals with the explanation of mechanisms behind the vital geological systems namely the crust of the earth and the oceans. Geochemistry reach is not only bound to the earth but encompasses the entire Solar System too. In this branch of chemistry, you will get to learn and understand a number of processes like the formation of planets, mantle convection and the genesis of basalt and granite etc.
Applications: Geochemists can find themselves a job in the mining industry and as Environmental Remediator. Along with these, a geologist can also find employment in the oil, gas and petroleum sector.
Types and Branches of Chemistry | Fuel Chemistry
Going by the name ‘Fuel Chemistry’, this branch is the study of various kinds of fuels like advanced petroleum-based fuels, biofuels, and natural gas and their way of performance in different vehicles. In this branch of chemistry, you will study how the above-mentioned fuels work in the fuel pumps, distribution systems, and storage tanks.
Applications: Fuel Chemists can find work within specialist Chemical companies, Operators, Well services companies and consultancies. These chemists get work both Onshore and Offshore.
Types and Branches of Chemistry | Polymer Chemistry
This branch of Chemistry focuses on the scientific discipline dealing with long chemical chains. It is the study of structure, chemical synthesis, macromolecules, physical properties of polymers etc. You will learn that the methodology applied in polymer chemistry is common to organic, analytical and physical chemistry.
Applications: Polymer Chemist finds jobs in various industries like working on projects related to aerospace, electronics and automotive as well as the medical section that involves Polymer Chemist working on medical devices and packaging.
With technological advancements in every sector, this is the best time to be in the field of chemistry. Make sure you choose the right stream based on your skill set, interest, and strengths.
Do you want to get into this world of chemical engineering? Do not worry as Embibe has your back! Study for the IIT JEE Mains and Advanced on Embibe to increase your score and get into the best Engineering colleges in India.