UPSC Syllabus IAS 2020: The Civil Services Examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). UPSC IAS is also known for one of the toughest exams in India. Since every year thousands of candidates appear for the examination in various Departments- Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS), etc.
The preparation for Civil Services Examination is highly difficult wherein candidates need to be serious and methodical right from the beginning. The first step towards starting your preparation is to get acquainted with the UPSC Syllabus. In this article, we will give detailed information about UPSC Syllabus for IAS.
|Latest June 5, 2020:|
– UPSC released the revised exam dates. Civil Services/ IAS Prelims on October 4, 2020. Download new UPSC Calendar PDF.
– I.E.S./I.S.S. Exam to be conducted on October 16, 2020.
UPSC IAS Syllabus 2020: Civil Services Exam
The Civil Services Examination is conducted in three phases:
|Phase 1||Civil Services Examination (Prelims) which is an objective exam|
|Phase 2||Civil Services Examination (Mains) which is a descriptive exam|
|Phase 3||Personal Interview for Personality Test|
Candidates should be aware of the detailed UPSC exam pattern.
In the next section, we will provide detailed UPSC Syllabus – Civil Services (IAS) for Prelims and Mains.
UPSC IAS Prelims Syllabus 2020
The Civil Services Preliminary Exam has two compulsory papers of 200 marks each. Both these papers are of objective type. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) are asked in both these papers. Each paper is of 2 hours duration.
|Papers||Subjects in Prelims UPSC IAS Syllabus|
|Paper 1||General Studies|
|Paper 2||Civil Services Aptitude Test|
UPSC Prelims Syllabus For General Studies (Paper 1)
The UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services (IAS) Prelims General Studies are as below:
- Current events of national and international importance.
- History of India and Indian National Movement.
- Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
- Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
- Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
- General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity, and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
- General Science.
UPSC Prelims Syllabus For Civil Services Aptitude Test (Paper 2)
The UPSC Syllabus (IAS) for Prelims – CSAT is as below:
- Interpersonal skills including communication skills.
- Logical reasoning and analytical ability.
- Decision-making and problem-solving.
- General mental ability.
- Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level).
The CSAT examination can be easily cracked if you have prepared for banking exams and have taken bank mock tests.
It is to be noted that the CSAT is a qualifying paper and the marks will not be added for the final ranking. Candidates will have to secure a minimum of 33% marks in the CSAT to be eligible to appear for the Main examination.
UPSC IAS Mains Syllabus 2020
The second phase of the Civil Services Examination – the Main exam tests candidates of their in-depth knowledge. The Main exam is descriptive in nature and has 9 papers. Out of these 9 papers, 7 are considered for final ranking. These 7 papers are of 250 marks each. The UPSC Syllabus for the Main exam is vast.
|Papers||Subjects in Mains UPSC IAS Syllabus|
|Paper 2||General Studies 1|
|Paper 3||General Studies 2|
|Paper 4||General Studies 3|
|Paper 5||General Studies 4|
|Paper 6||Optional Subject – Paper 1|
|Paper 7||Optional Subject – Paper 2|
- a. Paper 1: Essay
- b. Paper 2: General Studies 1
- c. Paper 3: General Studies 2
- d. Paper 4: General Studies 3
- e. Paper 5: General Studies 4
- f. Paper 6: Optional Subject – Paper 1
- g. Paper 7: Optional Subject – Paper 2
The detailed UPSC Syllabus (IAS) for each of these papers are as under:
UPSC Syllabus For IAS Mains Paper 1 – Essay
- To be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice.
- Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics.
- Essays to be kept close to the subject.
- Ideas to be presented in a concise manner, in an orderly fashion.
UPSC Syllabus IAS Mains Paper 2 – General Studies 1
Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society
- Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
- The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
- Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country, History of the world will include events from the 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
- Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems, and their remedies.
- Effects of globalization on Indian society.
- Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
- Salient features of the world’s physical geography.
- Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
- Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone, etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
UPSC IAS Syllabus For Mains Paper 3 – General Studies 2
Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations
- Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
- Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues, and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
- Separation of powers between various organs disputes redressal mechanisms and institutions.
- Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
- Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
- Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
- Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
- Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
- Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
- Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
- Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
- Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
- Role of civil services in a democracy.
- India and its neighborhood- relations.
- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
- Important International institutions, agencies, and fora, their structure, mandate.
UPSC Syllabus For IAS Mains Paper 4 – General Studies 3
Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management
- Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.
- Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
- Government Budgeting.
- Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
- Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
- Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
- Land reforms in India.
- Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
- Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.
- Investment models.
- Science and technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology
- Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
- Conservation, environmental pollution, and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
- Disaster and disaster management.
- Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
- Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
- Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cybersecurity; money-laundering and its prevention
- Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
- Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
UPSC Syllabus For IAS Mains Paper 5 – General Studies 4
Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
- This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
- Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
- Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
- Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
- Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
- Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
- Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
- Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
- Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct.
- Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
- Case Studies on the above issues.
UPSC Syllabus For IAS Mains Paper 6 – Optional Subject I
Candidates may choose any one optional subject from the list of subjects given below:
- Public Administration
- Political Science
- Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
- Civil Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Medical Science
UPSC Syllabus For IAS Mains Paper 7 – Optional Subject II
Candidates may choose any one optional subject from the list of subjects given below:
UPSC Syllabus (IAS) For Main Exam: Optional Subject Paper 2
The two qualifying papers for Civil Services Main Examination are:
- Paper A – Indian Language: Candidates will have to select one of the Indian languages selected from the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution.
- Paper B – English language.
Both of these papers are of 300 marks each.
UPSC IAS Exam 2020 Overview
Here is the exam overview of UPSC Civil Services 2020:
|Conducting Authority||Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)|
|Name of the Exam||Civil Services Examination (CSE)|
|Name of the Post||IAS, IPS, IFS, etc|
|Level of Exam||National|
|Frequency of Exam||Once in a year|
|Number of Stages||3 (Prelims, Mains, and Personal Interview)|
|Exam Mode||Pen-Paper Based (Offline)|
|UPSC Official Notification||Download PDF|
UPSC IAS Syllabus 2020: Frequently Asked Questions
Here are some frequently asked questions and their answers:
A. The optional subjects for UPSC Mains are as follows:
3. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
7. Civil Engineering
8. Commerce and Accountancy
10. Electrical Engineering
13. Indian History
16. Mechanical Engineering
17. Medical Science
20. Political Science and International Relations
22. Public Administration
A. IAS Prelims has 2 subjects- General Studies and Civil Services Aptitude Test.
A. Yes, the Prelims exam is qualifying in nature. Candidates have to obtain a minimum of 33% in General Studies Paper-II and total qualifying marks of General Studies Paper-I in CSE Prelims exam to appear for Mains exam.
A. The UPSC selection process is divided into 3 stages:
1st Stage: UPSC IAS Prelims – Objective Type (Qualifier)
2nd Stage: UPSC IAS Mains – Written Test
3rd Stage: UPSC IAS Interview / Personality Test
As you can see, the UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services (IAS) is vast and requires rigorous preparation. Candidates must be serious right from the beginning and prepare in a smart manner to crack this examination. They must cultivate reading and writing habits, and be thorough with every single topic of UPSC IAS Syllabus. Making notes as you study is a must for better retention as well as revision. You must also take UPSC IAS Mock Tests on a regular basis.
We hope this detailed article on UPSC CSE Syllabus helps you. If you have any queries regarding IAS Syllabus, feel free to ping us or drop a comment below. We will get back to you as soon as possible.25525 Views