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Vice President, Prime Minister and Central Council of Ministers: The Vice President of India holds the second highest office, after the Indian President. On the other hand, the Prime Minister is the real head of the state while the council of ministers is the highest executive body which has the responsibility of advising the President of India.
In this article, let’s examine the powers the Vice President, Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers have.
The framers of the Indian Constitution borrowed the concept of the Vice President from the American Constitution. Here are the powers:
In reality, the Vice President doesn’t enjoy as much power as the President.
Also Read: The Indian President and his powers
Though the Indian Constitution makes way for a President and a Vice President, it invests real authority with the Prime Minister. Here are some of the powers he enjoys:
The Council of Ministers is the highest executive body of the Indian Government. The Prime Minister is the head of the council.
Articles 74 and 75 of the Indian Constitution talk about the Council of Ministers. The members of the Council of Ministers appointed by the President based on the advice given by the Prime Minister. It is to be noted that they form 15% of the total strength of the Lok Sabha. A member of the council will no more remain a member if he is not a member of the Parliament for six continuous months.
The council of ministers has the power to advise the President of India and the President is bound to honour the advice given by it. While the council of ministers enjoys a lot of powers, it also has a lot of responsibility. The members are collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. In other words, a minister who loses the confidence of the lower house has to resign. This is ascertained by the passing of a no-confidence motion, which essentially means the minister loses confidence in the Lok Sabha.
There are different types of ministers in practice. But it is to be noted that the Indian Constitution doesn’t provide any such hierarchy. Here is how the ministers are ranked:
We hope this article on the Vice President, Prime Minister and Central Council of Ministers helps you understand the powers they have.
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