Tamil Nadu Class 12 Syllabus: The Tamil Nadu Directorate of Government Examination is responsible for releasing the Tamil Nadu Class 12 Syllabus. They have already announced the Tamil Nadu Board 12th syllabus for different fields of Arts, Science and Commerce. Students appearing for the board examinations need to ensure that they follow the syllabus.
The TN Class 12 Syllabus acts as an efficient source for the students to prepare for their examinations. It is crucial that the students follow a proper structure or format during their exam preparation for their proper understanding. Since the syllabus lays down the format of what the exam pattern and question structure will be, students can easily grasp the concept.
Tamil Nadu Class 12: An Overview
The Tamil Nadu Class 12 exam is also known as Tamil Nadu higher secondary certificate examination. After completing or passing this examination, the candidates can secure a future in various job opportunities. They can appear for Engineering, Medical, Government jobs and so much more.
Students in Class 12 need to be serious about their TN Class 12 syllabus. It is crucial that they follow the basic details thoroughly in order to score higher marks in the examination. Students appearing in Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 need to ensure that they follow the syllabus for all the subjects carefully.
Given below are the details for Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 that the students must be familiar with:
Tamil Nadu Higher Secondary Certificate Examination
English is hailed to be one of the most important subjects for the students of the Tamil Nadu Board. Students must follow the syllabus closely to ensure that they can score better marks in the subject.
In the Tamil Nadu board, the Class 12 English syllabus is all about Grammar and LIterature. Therefore, once the students get a proper hang of it, they can easily practice the respective subjects. Given below is the complete syllabus for Tamil Nadu Board Class 12:
Meanings, syllabification, spellings, word formation, vocabulary improvement, phrasal verbs and idioms, foreign words and phrases.
Sentence patterns, conditional and concessional clauses, modal auxiliaries, reported speech, relative clauses, the transformation of sentences, and passivisation.
Comprehension passage containing six-eight lines, short passages, ease of breath, CNN news panel discussion, coherence,
Introduction to topics through group discussions, greeting, introduction, and giving information, disagreeing peacefully, projecting one’s image, expressing gratitude, welcome address, vote of thanks, and more.
Descriptive, argumentative, factual, and literary texts.
Scientific and factual discourse, interesting texts, reports, relevant situations, non-verbal information, projects, advertisements, et cetera.
Dictionaries, library facilities, internet, verbal and non-verbal texts, lectures, books and journals, essays of students, and email language.
Report writing, presenting messages, picture composition, presenting facts and figures in a systematic method, advertisements, and more.
Samples of pupil language, areas of doubt, hesitation, and more.
Essay writing, poem writing, critical appraisal, scriptwriting for interviews, cartoon scripts, travelogues, captions for photographs, translation.
While the above table focused on the Language syllabus, the Literature part of English is also very important. It helps to test the comprehension and thinking skills of the students. Given below is the syllabus for English Literature:
Two Gentlemen of Verona, In Celebration of Being Alive, The Chair, On the Rule of the Road,
Our Casuarina Tree, All the World’s a Stage, Ulysses, A Father to his Son,
God Sees the Truth but Waits, The Midnight Visitor, All Summer in a Day,
Tamil Nadu Class 12 Maths Syllabus
In Class 12, Maths is often hailed to be one of the most important subjects. This is mostly because of all the complex calculations involved in the subject. Maths is one of those subjects that requires the student to constantly practice for the examination.
Dedication and practice go hand-in-hand. Eventually, it can have a positive impact and ensure that the students score better marks in the examination. Students must be familiar with what sections are covered in the chapters. Given below is the complete 12th Maths syllabus of Tamilnadu State Board that the students must follow:
Applications of Matrices and Determinants
Introduction, Inverse of a Non-Singular Square Matrix, Adjoint of a square Matrix, Properties of inverses of matrices, Row-Echelon form and others.
Introduction to Complex Numbers, Powers of the imaginary unit, Rectangular form, Properties of complex numbers, Geometrical representation of conjugate of a complex number, Properties of Complex Conjugates, others.
Theory of Equations
Introduction, Basics of Polynomial Equations, Different types of Polynomial Equations, Quadratic Equations, Vieta’s Formulae and Formation of Polynomial Equations and more.
Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Introduction, Some Fundamental Concepts, Domain and Range of trigonometric functions, graphs of functions, Amplitude and Period of a graph, Inverse functions and more.
Two Dimensional Analytical Geometry-II
Introduction, Circle, Equation of a circle in standard form, Conics, The general equation of a Conic, Parabola, Hyperbola, Geometric description of conic section, and more.
Applications of Vector Algebra
Introduction, Geometric Introduction to Vectors, Scalar Product and Vector Product, Geometrical interpretation, Application of dot and cross products in Geometry, Vector triple product and more.
Applications of Differential Calculus
Early Developments, Meaning of Derivatives, Derivative as the rate of change, Equations of Tangent and Normal, A Limit Process and more
Differentials and Partial Derivatives
Introduction, Linear Approximation and Differentials, Errors: Absolute Error, Relative Error, and Percentage Error, Differentials,
Applications of integration
Introduction, Fundamental Theorems of Integral Calculus and their Applications, Improper Integrals, Reduction Formulae, Gamma Integral, Evaluation of Bounded Plane Area by Integration
Ordinary Differential Equations
Introduction, Differential Equation, Order, and Degree, Formation of Differential Equations, Solution of First Order and First Degree Differential Equations, Applications of First Order Ordinary Differential Equations.
Random Variable, Types of Random Variable, Discrete random variables, Cumulative Distribution Function or Distribution Function, Continuous Distributions, Distribution function from Probability density function
Binary Operations, Definitions, Some binary operations on Boolean Matrices, Modular Arithmetic, Compound Statements, Logical Connectives, and Truth Tables, Duality.
Tamil Nadu Class 12 Physics Syllabus
Students who have taken Science as their subject in Class 12 need to master all its branches. It is important that the students practice each section thoroughly. Considering the fact that Physics is tough, students must ensure that they prepare everything.
When preparing for Physics, students should not only refer to the theory part but also the practicals and derivations. Numericals are also of extreme importance to prepare for the board exams. The syllabus for Class 12 Physics is mentioned below:
Historical background of electric charges, Coulomb’s law, Superposition principle, Electric Field, Electric dipole, Gauss Law, Electric Flux, Distribution of charges in a conductor and action at points, and more
Electric Current, Ohm’s Law, Energy and power in electrical circuits, Kirchhoff’s rule, Thermoelectric current
Magnetism and Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
Basic properties of magnets, Ampere Circuital law, Lorentz force,
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
Electromagnetic Induction, Self-Induction, Methods of producing induced emf, Transformer, Alternating Current Power in AC circuits, Oscillation in LC circuits
Displacement current and Maxwell’s correction to Ampere’s circuital law, Electromagnetic waves, Types of spectrum emission and absorption spectrum Fraunhofer lines
Ray optics, Spherical mirrors, Refraction, Thin lens, Prism,
Theories on light, Wave nature of light, Interference, Diffraction, Optical instruments,
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Electron Emission, Matter waves, Photo Electric Effect, X-ray Spectra Continuous X-Ray Spectra, Characteristic X-Ray Spectra
Atomic and Nuclear Physics
Electric Discharge Through gases Properties of Cathode Rays, Atomic Spectra, Nuclear Force, Nuclear fission, Nuclear fusion
Electronics and Communication Systems
Energy Band Diagram, DIODES, The Bipolar Junction transistor, Digital Electronics, Modulation,
Recent Developments in Physics
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Robotics
Tamil Nadu Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus
Chemistry is a very crucial subject to follow in Class 12. Students must ensure that they are well aware of the formulas of the elements. Furthermore, they must also have an idea about how to solve the chemical equations. These basic details can play an important role in the preparation.
Students must ensure that they follow the syllabus closely. Given below are the details for the Class 12 Chemistry syllabus:
Occurrence of metals, Concentration of ores, Extraction of crude metal, Refining process,
P-block elements -I
General trends in properties of p-block elements, Group 13 (Boron group) elements, Group 14 (Carbon group) elements,
P-block elements -II
Group 15 (Nitrogen group) elements, Oxygen, Group 17 (Halogen group) elements
Transition and inner transition elements
Position of d- block elements in the periodic table, Electronic configuration, General trend in properties, Important compound of Transition elements f-block elements
Coordination compounds and double salts, Definition of important terms pertaining to co-ordination compounds, Nomenclature of coordination compounds, Theories of coordination compound
General characteristics of solids, Crystal lattice and unit cell, Primitive and Non Primitive unit, Imperfections in solids,
Rate of Chemical reaction, Molecularity, Integrated Rate Equation, Half-life period of a reaction, Arrhenius Equation
Acids and bases, Strength of Acids and Bases, Ionisation of water, The pH Scale, Ionisation of Weak Acids, Common ion effect, Buffer Solution, Solubility Product
The conductivity of electrolytic solution, Variation of molar conductivity with concentration, Thermodynamics of cell reactions, Nernst equation
Adsorption and Absorption, Characteristics of adsorption, Catalysis Positive and Negative Catalysis, Colloid, dispersion Phase and dispersion medium,
Hydroxy compounds and ethers
Classification of Alcohols, IUPAC Nomenclature,
Carbonyl compounds and carboxylic acids
Nomenclature of Aldehyde and Ketones, Structure of carbonyl group, General methods of preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones, Physical properties of Aldehydes and Ketones
Organic nitrogen compounds
Nitro Compounds, Amines – Classification
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic acids
Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 Biology Syllabus
Biology is yet another important branch of Class 12 Science. Students from the Tamil Nadu board need to ensure that they follow the syllabus closely.
Biology is a very interesting subject. Candidates in Class 12 must ensure that they are following all the units for Biology preparation. The syllabus for Biology for Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 is given as follows:
Reproduction in Organisms
Modes of reproduction, Asexual reproduction, Sexual reproduction
Human reproductive system, Gametogenesis, Menstrual cycle, Fertilization and implantation, Maintenance of pregnancy and embryonic development, Parturition and Lactation
Need for reproductive health problems and strategies, Amniocentesis and its statutory ban, Social impact of sex ratio, female foeticide and infanticide, Population explosion and birth control, Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP), Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD), Infertility, Assisted Reproductive
Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Multiple alleles, Human blood groups, Genetic control of Rh factor, Sex determination, Sex-linked inheritance, Karyotyping, Pedigree analysis, Mendelian disorders, Chromosomal abnormalities
Gene as the functional unit of inheritance, In search of the genetic material, DNA is the genetic material, Chemistry of nucleic acids, RNA world, Properties of genetic material, Packaging of DNA helix, DNA Replication, Transcription, Genetic code, tRNA – the adapter molecule
Origin of life – Evolution of life forms, Geological time scale, Biological evolution, Evidence for biological evolution, Theories of biological evolution, Mechanism of evolution, Hardy-Weinberg principle, Origin and evolution of man
Human Health and Diseases
Common diseases in human beings, Maintenance of personal and public hygiene, Basic concepts of immunology, Immunodeficiency diseases, Autoimmune diseases, Adolescence – Drug and alcohol abuse, Mental health – Depression
Microbes in Human Welfare
Microbes in household products, Microbes in industrial products, Microbes in sewage treatment and energy generation, Microbes in the production of biogas, Bioremediation
Applications of Biotechnology
Applications in Medicine, Gene therapy, Stem Cell Therapy, Molecular Diagnostics, Transgenic Animals, Biological products and their uses, Animal cloning, Ethical issues
Organisms and Populations
Organism and its Environment, Habitat, Major Abiotic Components or Factors, Concept of Biome and their Distribution, Responses to abiotic factors, Adaptations, Populations, Population attributes, Population age distribution, Growth models/Curves, Population regulation
Biodiversity and its Conservation
Biodiversity, Importance of biodiversity – Global and India, Biogeographical regions of India, Threats to biodiversity, Causes of Biodiversity Loss, IUCN, Biodiversity and its conservation
Pollution, Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Noise Pollution, Agrochemicals, Biomagnification, Eutrophication, Organic Farming and its Implementation, Solid Waste Management, Ecosan Toilets
Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 Commerce Syllabus
Apart from Science, students also have the benefit to enroll in Commerce. As one of the most important streams, students pursuing Commerce can establish their careers in various fields of banking, finance, business administration and more.
Students pursuing Commerce in Tamil Nadu need to ensure that they follow the syllabus closely. Preparing for the exams by following the syllabus can eventually be helpful in the long run. Given below is the syllabus for Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 Commerce:
Meaning and Types of Organization
Meaning of sole trader, Special features of a sole trader, Merits of a sole trader, Demerits of a sole trader.
Definition of partnership, Special features of partnership, Similarities between sole trader and partnership, Merits and Demerits of Partnership, Types of Partnership, Kinds of Partners, Rights and Duties of partners, Partner’s express and Implied authority, Partnership Deed, Dissolution of partnership, and more.
Companies I and II
Definitions, Differences between partnership and company, Kinds of companies, public company, a private company, Privileges of a private company, Differences between a private company and public company, Formation of a company, Memorandum of Association, Articles of Association, Prospectus, Shares, Allotment of shares, DebenturesTypes, Differences between Shares and Debentures.
Introduction, Procedures regarding new Issues, Stock Exchange, Investors and speculatorsDifferences, SEBI, Mutual funds, Bombay Online Trading (BOLT).
Definition, Merits, and Demerits, Types of Cooperatives, Differences between companies and cooperatives.
Government in Business
Introduction, Types, Public Corporation, Government Companies, Differences between the private sector and the public sector.
Tamil Nadu Class 12 Economics Syllabus
Economics is one of the most important parts of the Tamil Nadu board. The students must ensure that they are following Economics properly to be familiar with the fundamentals of the syllabus. Economics analyses data, graphs and more that will play an important role in helping the students prepare for the exams.
Students who wish to ace Economics should be following the syllabus carefully. It is important that the students follow the syllabus to know about the concepts of demand, supply, market and more.
The syllabus for Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 Economics is as follows:
Introduction to Macro Economics
Introduction to Macro Economics, Meaning of macroeconomics, Importance of macroeconomics, Economic Systems, Capitalist economy
Meaning of National Income, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Gross National Product (GNP), Per capita Income, Real Income, GDP deflator
Theories of Employment and Income
Theories of Employment and Income Introduction, Meaning of Full Employment, Unemployment and its types, Say’s Law of Market, Effective demand
Consumption and investment functions
Introduction, Consumption, Function, Meaning of Consumption function, Technical Attributes of the Consumption function, Multiplier, The Accelerator Principle
Money, Meaning, Functions of money, Supply of money, Quantity theories of money, Inflation, Meaning of inflation, Trade cycle
Commercial banks, Central Bank, NABARD and its role in Agricultural credit, Reserve bank of India and Industrial Finance, Recent advancements in the banking sector, Money Market
Meaning of International Economics, Subject matter of International Economics, Meaning of Trade, Gains from International Trade, Terms of Trade, Balance of Trade vs. Balance of payments
International Economic Organization
The international monetary fund, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development of Bank or World Bank, World Trade Organization, Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
Meaning of public finance, Definitions, Subject matter, Functions of Modern State, Public expenditure, Public Revenue
Eco-system, Pollution, Global warming,
Economics of Development and Planning
Planning, Types of planning, NITI Aayog,
Introduction to Statistical Methods and Econometrics
Etymology and milestone of statistics in global level, Characteristics and Functions of Statistics,
Tamil Nadu Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus
As much as the student pays attention to the Economics and Commerce syllabus, they must also pay attention to the accountancy syllabus. Students must handle all parts of the Accountancy syllabus thoroughly to score more marks in the exam.
It is important that the students understand the basics of Accountancy. The accountancy syllabus for 2022-23 for Tamil Nadu board Class 12 is as follows:
Accounts from Incomplete Records
Accounts of Not-for-Profit Organization
Accounts of Partnership Firm-Fundamentals
Goodwill in Partnership Accounts
Admission of a Partner
Retirement and Death of a Partner
Financial Statement Analysis
Computerised Accounting System-Tally
Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 History Syllabus
Students who chose Arts as a stream of study in Class 12 need to ensure that they follow the syllabus carefully. History is one of the most important branches of study. Students in their respective classes must ensure that they follow the History syllabus carefully.
Class 12 is one of the most important parts of a student’s life. It is necessary to identify what chapters are important and then prepare accordingly. Studying History can open the doors for a lot of opportunities for the students. It is important that the students learn about the different chapters of History.
Following the History syllabus carefully will help the students to secure higher marks in the examination. Thus, we have mentioned the syllabus of Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 in the sections below:
Rise of Nationalism in India
Rise of Extremism and Swadeshi Movement
Impact of World War-I on Indian Freedom Movement
Advent of Gandhi and Mass Mobilisation
Period of Radicalism in Anti-imperialist Struggles
Introduction to Communalism in Nationalist Politics
Last Phase of Indian National Movement
Cripps Mission, Quit India Movement, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and the INA, Rajaji Proposals and the Wavell Plan, Cabinet Mission and Mountbatten Plan
Reconstruction of Post-colonial India
Consequences of Partition, Making of the Constitution, Merger of Princely States, Linguistic Reorganization of States
Envisioning a New Socio-Economic Order
Land Reforms and Rural Reconstruction, Development of Agriculture, Five Year Plans
The Age of Revolutions
The American War of Independence, The French Revolution, Industrial Revolution
Imperialism and its onslaught
Rise of Imperialism, World War I
Introduction to Outbreak of World War II and its Impact in Colonies
Second World War: Causes
The World after World War II
UNO and Global Disputes
Tamil Nadu Class 12 Geography Syllabus
Students in Tamil Nadu board Class 12 need to ensure that they prepare for their examination thoroughly. Since Geography is one of the most important subjects they must follow the syllabus carefully. The Geography syllabus for Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 will help the students get an idea about the project work they need to follow and what chapters they need to prepare.
Geography is one of the most scoring subjects. Therefore, the students must ensure that they follow the details given on the syllabus thoroughly. To make it easier for the students, we have mentioned the Geography syllabus for Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 in the table below:
Cultural and Political Geography
Man-made Disasters- Public Awareness for Disaster Risk Reduction
Representation of Geographical Data
Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 Priority Syllabus
With respect to the Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 exams, the board releases the priority syllabus for 1st year and 2nd year. The priority syllabus is available in both, English and Tamil for the convenience of students. Students appearing in Class 12 board exams from the Tamil Nadu board need to ensure that they follow the syllabus closely.
Since the priority syllabus is available in two languages, students can refer to them at their convenience. Students can download the Priority syllabus from the official website. However, to make it easier for the students, we have provided the priority syllabus in the table below:
How to Download the Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 syllabus?
The Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 syllabus is released by the respective authorities on the board’s official website itself. Students appearing for Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 need to get their hands on the syllabus to prepare their study plan. Students can follow the steps given below to download the Tamil Nadu board Class 12 syllabus:
Step 1: Visit the official website of Tamil Nadu board, i.e, dge.tn.gov.in.
Step 2: On the homepage, click on the Higher Secondary Examination link under Latest Examination Notification section.
Step 3: Under the Higher Secondary Examination Notification, the download links for Tamil Nadu 1st Year and 2nd Year Syllabus will be available.
Step 4: Click on the English link to download the syllabus in English.
Step 5: Click on the Tamil link to download the syllabus in Tamil.
Step 6: A new screen will appear with the syllabus for each language.
Step 7: Click on the download button in the upper right-hand corner and save it for future use.
Students appearing for Tamil Nadu Class 12 must follow the syllabus very closely. Preparing for the examinations using the syllabus will help the students understand the examination pattern and mark distribution. Students can also download the Tamil Nadu Class 12 complete syllabus from the links given above in the table.
Benefits of Referring to the Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 Syllabus
Since the Tamil Nadu board is one of the most important regional boards, students seeking admission to some of the top universities must prepare for the exam properly. Following the syllabus for 1st Year and 2nd Year can however be of great help in understanding how to proceed with the entire learning process.
Given below are some of the common benefits of referring to the Tamil Nadu Class 12 syllabus:
Follow the Tamil Nadu board Class 12 syllabus to score higher marks in the examination.
Following the Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 syllabus can help students follow the examination pattern.
Students who prepare using the Tamil Nadu board Class 12 syllabus can easily make a study plan of their own.
Referring to the Tamil Nadu syllabus can make it easier for the students to know the marks distribution across each chapter.
The syllabus acts as a guideline for exam preparation.
The authorities release the Tamil Nadu Class 12 updated syllabus every year. Therefore, once the students are promoted to Class 12, they must visit the official website to download the syllabus for their respective years.
FAQs on Tamil Nadu Class 12 Syllabus
Students in Tamil Nadu board Class 12 may have some confusion regarding the syllabus. Therefore, in the sections mentioned below, we are providing answers to some of the most frequently asked questions.
Q1: Where can students download the Tamil Nadu board Class 12 syllabus? Ans: Students can download the Tamil Nadu Class 12 syllabus from the board’s official website. However, to make it easier and more convenient for the students, we have provided the download link for Tamil Nadu Class 12 syllabus in the sections above. Scroll above to find the TN 12th syllabus.
Q2: Is the TN Class 12th syllabus available for free? Ans: Yes. The Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 syllabus download links are available for free in Embibe and the board’s official website.
Q3: When was the Tamil Nadu board Class 12 examination conducted? Ans: Tamil Nadu Class 12 board exams were conducted from May 5 to May 28, 2022.
Q4: What are the benefits of referring to the Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 syllabus? Ans: Referring to the Tamil Nadu board Class 12 syllabus can help to make exam preparation pretty easy. Since the syllabus contains all details, it becomes easier for the students to be familiar with the exam pattern.
Q5: Will the Tamil Nadu board Class 12 syllabus be enough to prepare for the exam? Ans: Yes. The Tamil Nadu board prepares the examination paper based on the syllabus itself. Therefore, the students can follow the syllabus closely to prepare for their examination.
We hope this article on the Tamil Nadu Board Class 12 syllabus was helpful for you as it contains complete details about the syllabus. Students can subscribe to Embibe to receive more informative articles about the Tamil Nadu board and other boards.