• Written By Riddhi_G
  • Last Modified 26-05-2023

Uttar Pradesh Class 12 Important Topics 2023


Nearly 26 lakh students took the UP Board Class 12 exam in 2022, of which 85.33% of students qualified. Do you ever wonder why do so many students fail despite starting their preparation with confidence? Developing a conceptual base in the topics is important, but it is equally necessary to solve sample questions based on them. You must be able to implement the concepts while answering a question. As a part of your study plan, you can first learn the Uttar Pradesh Class 12 important topics and then go for the remaining ones.  

It takes a lot of discipline and consistent practice to get good marks in any exam. To help students prepare well for the exam, Embibe offers 3D videos, sample questions, and mock tests on Uttar Pradesh Class 12 important topics. To help you save your precious resources in terms of time, money, energy, and self-confidence, Embibe provides material for all stages of studying – learn, practice, and test. Embibe offers 70+ exclusive books, 50+ interactive videos, and 5000+ practice questions to make you exam-ready!

Uttar Pradesh Class 12 Important Topics 2023

You must be aware of the important topics in your UP Board Class 12 syllabus so that you can focus more on them. We have listed all the important topics for Maths, Chemistry, Physics, and biology. You are advised to allocate sufficient time in preparing for these concepts to ensure an excellent score in the final exam.

Uttar Pradesh Class 12 Important Topics for Chemistry

Chemistry is primarily divided into organic and inorganic Chemistry. The balancing equations part in organic chemistry can be challenging for many students. So it is better to practice them extensively on the Embibe platform. We have tabulated the UP Board Class 12 Chemistry syllabus below. Go through each of them and solve sample questions to develop a solid base on the concepts.

Chapter NameTopics
The Solid StateCharacteristics of Solids,
Classification of Solids
Classification of Crystalline Solids
Crystal Lattices and Unit Cells
Types of Cubic Crystals
SolutionsCharacteristics of a Solution,
Types of Solutions
Solubility of Gases in Liquids
Concentration of a Solution
ElectrochemistryConductors and Non-conductors,
Arrhenius Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation
Strong and Weak Electrolytes
Faraday’s Law of Electrolysis
Chemical KineticsTypes of Chemical Reactions,
Rate of a Reaction
Factors Influencing the Rate of a Reaction
Order of a Reaction
Molecularity of a Reaction
Surface ChemistryAdsorption,
Freundlich’s Adsorption Isotherm
Adsorption of Gases on Solids
Langmuir Adsorption Isotherm
Applications of Adsorption
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals (Metallurgy)Occurrence of Metals,
Thermodynamic Principles of Metallurgy
Extraction of Metals
Metallurgy of Some Important Metals
Electrochemical Principles of Metallurgy
The p-block ElementsOccurrence of Group 15, 16, 17, 18 Elements,
Atomic and Physical Properties of Group 15 Elements
Chemical Properties of Group 15 Elements
Dinitrogen: Preparation, Structure, Properties and Uses
Ammonia: Preparation, Structure, Properties and Uses
d- Block Elements : Transition ElementsIntroduction to d- Block Elements,
Electronic Configuration of d-Block Elements
General Characteristics of Transition Elements
Some Important Compounds of Transition Metals
The f- Block ElementsIntroduction to f- Block Elements,
General Properties of Lanthanoids
The Lanthanoids
Uses of Lanthanoids
The Actinoids
Co-ordination CompoundsTypes of Salts,
Important Terms Related to Coordination Compounds
Werner’s Theory of Coordination Compounds
Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds
Isomerism in Coordination Compounds
Haloalkanes and HaloarenesClassification of Haloalkanes,
Nomenclature of Haloalkanes
Preparations of Haloalkanes
Physical Properties of Haloalkanes
Chemical Reactions of Haloalkanes
Alcohols, Phenols and EthersNomenclature and Isomerism in Alcohols,
Chemical Properties of Alcohols
Physical Properties of Alcohols
Commercially Important Alcohols
Methods of Preparation of Alcohols
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic AcidsIntroduction to Aldehydes and Ketones,
Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones
Nomenclature and Structure of Aldehydes and Ketones
Physical Properties of Aldehydes and Ketones
Chemical Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones
AminesGeneral Introduction of Amines,
Nomenclature and Isomerism in Amines
Methods of Preparation of Amines
Physical Properties of Amines
Chemical Reactions of Amines
Glucose and Its Properties
Fructose and Its Properties
PolymersPolymers and Polymerisation,
Classification of Polymers
General Method of Polymerisation
Some Commercially Important Polymers
Natural and Synthetic Rubbers
Chemistry in Everyday LifeApplications of Chemistry,
Chemicals in Medicine
Chemicals in Food
Cleansing Agents

Click here to access all other topics of Uttar Pradesh Class 12 Chemistry

Uttar Pradesh Class 12 Important Topics for Physics

In the Class 12 Physics exam, you may be required to answer a question in the form of a diagram. You can refer to Embibe 3D videos for the preparation of important topics. It will help you score full marks on a question. In the Uttar Pradesh Board Class 12 Physics, the following chapters are taught:

Chapter NameTopics
Electric Charges and FieldsElectric Charge
Basic Properties of Electric Charge
Different Methods of Charging
Superposition Principle
Coulomb’s Laws
Electric Field and PotentialElectric Field,
Electric Field Lines,
Electric Dipole
Dipole in a Uniform External Field
Electric Flux
Current ElectricityElectric Current
Electric Currents in Conductors
Ohm’s Law
Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity
Limitations of Ohm’s Laws
Moving Charges and MagnetismMagnetic Force
Motion in a Magnetic Field
Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields
Magnetic Field due to a Current Element, Biot-Savart Law
Magnetism and MatterThe Bar Magnet
Magnetism and Gauss’s Law
The Earth’s Magnetism
Magnetization and Magnetic Intensity
Magnetic Properties of Materials
Electromagnetic WavesDisplacement Current
Maxwell’s Equations
Sources of Electromagnetic Waves
Nature of Electromagnetic Waves
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Dual Nature of Radiation and MatterElectron Emission
Photoelectric Effect
Einstein’s Equation of Photoelectric Effect
Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light
Particle Nature of Light: The Photon
AtomsEarly Atomic Models
Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom
Atomic Spectra
Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom
de Broglie’s Explanation of Bohr’s Second Postulate
NucleiEarly Atomic Models
Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom
Atomic Spectra
Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom
de Broglie’s Explanation of Bohr’s Second Postulate
Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple CircuitsComparison of Vacuum tubes and Semiconductors
Energy Band Theory and Electrical Properties of Matter
Semiconductor Material
Extrinsic Semiconductor
p-n Junction and Semiconductor Diode
Ray Optics and Optical InstrumentsBasic Terms in Ray Optics
Reflection at Plane and Spherical Surfaces
Refraction at Plane Surfaces
Total Internal Reflection and Critical Angle
Refraction at Spherical Surfaces and by Lenses
Wave OpticsHuygen’s Principle,
Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves
Interference of Light Waves and Young’s Experiment
Diffraction of Light
Resolving Power of Optical Instruments

Did you have fun learning the above-mentioned Uttar Pradesh Class 12 Physics concepts? Click here for all other chapters.

Uttar Pradesh Class 12 Important Topics for Biology

Biology is a lengthy but interesting subject. Embibe’s 3D videos with solutions are the best study material to watch and learn biological concepts and processes. You can refer to the topic-wise links and develop a solid foundation in them. In the Uttar Pradesh Board Class 12 Biology subject, students will learn the following chapters:

Chapter NameTopics
Reproduction in OrganismsIntroduction to Reproduction in Organism,
Asexual Reproduction
Vegetative Propagation in Plants
Artificial Methods of Reproduction
Sexual Reproduction in Flowering PlantsSteps in Sexual Reproduction,
The Structure of the Flower
Introduction to Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Development of Male Gametophyte
Development of Female Gametophyte
Human ReproductionIntroduction to Human Reproduction,
Sexual Reproduction
Male Reproductive System
Female Reproductive System
Reproductive HealthIntroduction to Reproductive Health,
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Birth Control

Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Early Concept of Heredity,
Mendelian Inheritance
Deviation from Mendelism
Linkage and Crossing Over
Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance
Molecular Basis of InheritanceStructure of Nucleic Acids,
DNA Packaging
The Search for Genetic Material
DNA Replication
DNA Transcription
EvolutionOrigin of Life,
Evidences of Evolution
Introduction to Evolution
Theories of Evolution
Mechanism of Evolution
Human Health and DiseasePathogen Causing Human Diseases,
Strategies for Enhancement in Food ProductionPlant Breeding,
Techniques of Hybridization
Tissue Culture
Single Cell Protein
Microbes in Human WelfareMicrobes in Household Products,
Microbes in Industrial Products
Microbes in Sewage Treatment
Microbes in Energy Generation
Microbes as Biocontrol Agents and Biofertilizers
Principles and Process of BiotechnologyPractices of Genetic Engineering,
Polymerase Chain Reaction Based Gene Cloning
Practices of Genetic Engineering
Applications of BiotechnologyBiotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry,
Biotechnology in Healthcare and Medicine
Genetically Modified Organisms
Biosafety Issues
Organisms and PopulationsPopulation and Ecological Adaptation,
Population Interaction
Organisms and its Environment
Population Attributes
EcosystemEcosystem -Structure and Function,
Productivity in Ecosystem
Flow of Energy
Ecological Pyramids
Biodiversity and Its ConservationConcepts of Biodiversity,
Patterns of Biodiversity
Loss of Biodiversity
Red Data Book
Biodiversity Conservation
Environmental IssueAgrochemicals and Their Effects,
Success Stories of Environmental Conservation
Air Pollution and its Control
Water Pollution and its Control
Ozone Depletion

Check the 12th Uttar Pradesh Board Biology chapters here.

Uttar Pradesh Class 12 Important Topics for Mathematics 

Even if you have understood the concepts well, Mathematics requires rigorous practice to remember the formulas and learn the appropriate application of different concepts in a question. Embibe’s Full Solutions feature provides detailed and step-by-step solutions to all questions to help students understand the right way to approach the question, solve it and arrive at the answer. 

Go through the Class 12 Maths chapters below and start practising questions on Embibe:

Chapter NameTopics
Relations and FunctionsTypes of Relations,
Types of Functions,
Composition of Functions
Inverse of a Function
Binary Operations
Inverse Trigonometric FunctionsBasic Concepts in Inverse Trigonometric Functions,
Properties of Inverse Trigonometric Functions,
Identities of Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Linear ProgrammingFormulation of Linear Programming Problems
Solution of Linear Programming Problems
Different Types of Linear Programming Problems
MatricesBasic of Matrices,
Types of Matrices,
Operation on Matrices
Special Types of Matrices
Symmetric and Skew-symmetric Matrices
Properties of Determinants,
Determinant of a Square Matrix
Area of Triangle
Special Types of Determinants
ProbabilityConditional Probability and Multiplication Theorem,
Bayes Theorem,
Bernoulli Trials and Binomial Theorem
Total Probability and Bayes’ Theorem
Random Variables and its Probability Distribution
Continuity and DifferentiabilityContinuity of a Function
Methods of Differentiation
Mean Value Theorem
Application of DerivativesRate of Change of Quantities,
Increasing and Decreasing Function,
Maxima & Minima
Tangent and Normal
Errors and Approximation
IntegrationBasics of Indefinite Integration,
Integration by Parts
Integration by Substitution
Integration by Partial Fractions
Integration of Irrational Functions
Area Under Plane CurveArea under Simple Curves,
Area Bounded between Two Curves
Differential EquationsBasic of Differential Equation,
General and Particular Solution of Differential Equation,
Formation of Differential Equation
Solution of a Differential Equation
Linear Differential Equation
Variable Separable Form
VectorsBasic of Vectors,
Addition of Vectors,
Scalar and Vector Product of Two Vectors
Triple Products
Three Dimensional GeometryDirection Cosines and Direction Ratios of Line,
Equation of a Line in 3D,
Angle Bisectors of Plane
Angle between Two Planes
Family of Planes

Learn and ace Uttar Pradesh Class 12 Maths topics.

Uttar Pradesh Board Class 12 Mock Tests 2023 

Mock tests are an integral part of a comprehensive study plan. Mock tests simulate the actual experience of taking the board exam. They help students find their strengths and weaknesses and improve question-solving speed and accuracy. 

You can take Embibe’s free mock tests by following the below-mentioned steps:

  • 1st Step: Visit Embibe’s website, i.e., embibe.com.
  • 2nd Step: Use your mobile number/email to log in.
  • 3rd Step: Select your Goal as Uttar Pradesh Board under Excelling in School section.
  • 4th Step: Click Next and select 12th Uttar Pradesh Board.
  • 5th Step: Click Next and select your preferred language.
  • 6th Step: Click Test from the Header Section.
  • 7th Step: Scroll down to the Take Full Tests section.
  • 8th Step: Click on any of the free 12th Uttar Pradesh Board mock tests.

FAQs on 12th Uttar Pradesh Board Topics 2023

Below we have discussed some of the most frequent questions in the 12th Uttar Pradesh Board Topics:

Q: Where can I take free mock tests for Uttar Pradesh Board Class 12 subjects?

Ans: You can take free mock tests for all UP Board Class 12 subjects on Embibe. Students can customise the test based on difficulty level, duration, topics, number of questions, etc. 

Q: What are the benefits of studying for Uttar Pradesh Board Class 12 exam from Embibe?

Ans: Embibe provides loads of free study material for all UP Board Class 12 subjects. You can solve mock tests, watch 3D lectures, solve sample questions, and much more for free. Embibe helps students understand a concept in detail and solve sample problems based on it, to build a solid foundation in it.

Q: What is the benefit of Embibe’s Full Solution feature?

Ans: With Embibe’s Full Solution feature, you are provided a detailed explanation of a question. You do not have to solve the questions alone and also need not depend on anyone to help in arriving at the correct conclusion.

Q: What is the minimum passing mark for Uttar Pradesh Class 12 Board exam?

Ans: Students must score at least 33% marks in each subject to qualify for the UP Board 12th class board exam.

Q: What is the medium of instruction for the Uttar Pradesh Board Class 12 exam?

Ans: The medium of instruction for UP Board Class 12 subjects are English and Hindi, except for the language subjects. 

We hope this detailed article on the 12th UP Board Topics helps you. If you have any queries, you can visit our website and ask your queries, and we will be glad to help you. 

Stay tuned to Embibe for the latest news and updates on the 12th UP Board exam.

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