West Bengal Board Class 12
In 1975, the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education (WBCHSE) was established. The state’s primary educational board, the West Bengal Board, is divided into various sections. The West Bengal Board of Secondary Education (WBBSE), which was founded in 1951, is in charge of administering the Class 12 board exam. It is also responsible for establishing the curriculum, textbooks, and syllabus for Classes 6 to 10. The board is also in charge of reviewing the board exam papers and releasing the exam’s results.
The council administers Class 12 examinations to schools affiliated with the board, including government and private schools. Students enrolled with West Bengal–affiliated institutions in Class 12 are eligible to take the exam. Around 8 lakh students from across the state take part in the West Bengal Higher Secondary (Class 12) examinations. Class 12 lays the groundwork for students to pursue various career paths, including Engineering, Medicine, and Law, among others.
West Bengal Board Class 12 Exam Summary
The key entity in charge of the 10+2 educational system in West Bengal is the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education (WBCHSE). The board determines exam dates, syllabus, books, and exam patterns for the Class 12. The West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education revised the dates for the HS exam in 2022. The West Bengal Higher Secondary examinations was held between April 2, 2022 to April 26, 2022. The exam timing was from 10.00 AM to 1.15 PM.
The West Bengal Class 12 results 2022 were released on June 10, 2022 at 11 am. The WBCHSE released the results for 12th Arts, Science and Commerce streams on the official board website.
WB HS Examination Highlights
Below are the key highlights of the WB higher secondary examination:
|Full Exam Name
||West Bengal Board 12th Exam
|Short Exam Name
||West Bengal 12th
||West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education (WBCHSE)
|Year of Establishment
|Frequency of Conduct
||Once a year
||Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Telugu & Urdu
||3 Hours 15 Minutes
Learn Exam Concepts on Embibe
West Bengal Board Class 12 Officials Website Linkhttps://wbchse.nic.in/html/index.html
West Bengal Board Class 12 Latest Updates
- June 10, 2022: The WB HS results 2022 have been released on the official website.
- May 04, 2022: West Bengal Council of Higher Education has revised the WB HS exam routine.
- March 14, 2023: The West Bengal Board Class 12 theory and practical exams begin.
West Bengal Board Class 12 Exam Pattern
Students should read and comprehend the entire WB HS exam pattern 2023 before beginning their exam preparation. Additionally, students should download the West Bengal 12th syllabus and base their exam preparation on it. According to an expert’s suggestion, the WBCHSE 2023 syllabus has been reduced by 30% this year for the Commerce, Science, and Arts streams.
Students must be thorough with the latest exam pattern of the West Bengal Board Class 12 to achieve their desired results and score well in all the subjects. In this article, we have provided all the details about the exam pattern, the latest scoring scheme, and more. Continue reading to learn more.
West Bengal Board Class 12 Stages of Exam
There are two stages of the West Bengal Board Class 12 exam are mentioned below:
West Bengal Board Class 12 Exam Pattern Details - Scoring Pattern (+/- Marking)
The WB Council of Higher Secondary Education has released the marking scheme for subjects based on the new syllabus:
|Arabic, Bengali (A and B), Hindi (A and B), English (A and B), Alternative English, Nepali (A and B), Odia, Persian, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, French, Gujarati, Accountancy, Business Studies, Economics, Mathematics, Agronomy, Anthropology, Commercial Law and Preliminaries of Auditing, Costing and Taxation, Education, Environment Studies, History, Journalism and Mass Communication, Philosophy, Political Science, Sociology
|Biological Science, Chemistry, Physics, Modern Computer Application, Computer Science, Geography, Nutrition, Psychology, Statistics
|Health and Physical Education
Practice Exam Questions
West Bengal Board Class 12 Exam Pattern Details - Total Time
The theory exam and practical exam last three hours each. At the start of each exam, 15 minutes are allotted for filling out details on the question paper and answer sheets, as well as carefully reading the exam instructions. In both the theory and practical exams, there is no negative marking.
West Bengal Board Class 12 Exam Calendar
The revised West Bengal Board Higher Secondary exam routine theory and practical exam date 2023 is mentioned below:
||Subject (Morning shift: From 10 am to 1.15 pm)
|March 14, 2023
||Bengali (A), English (A), Hindi (A), Nepali (A), Urdu, Santhali, Odia, Telugu, Gujarati, Punjabi
|March 16, 2023
||English (B), Bengali (B), Hindi (B), Nepali (B), Alternative English
|March 17, 2023
||Healthcare, Automobile, Organised Retailing, Security, IT, and ITES – Vocational Subjects
|March 18, 2023
||Biological Science, Business Studies, Political Science
|March 20, 2023
||Mathematics, Psychology, Anthropology, Agronomy, History
|March 21, 2023
||Computer Science, Modern Computer Application, Environmental Studies, Health & Physical Education, Music, Visual Arts
|March 22, 2023
||Commercial Law and Preliminaries of Auditing, Philosophy, Sociology
|March 23, 2023
||Physics, Nutrition, Education, Accountancy
|March 24, 2023
|March 25, 2023
||Chemistry, Journalism & Mass Communication, Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic, French
|March 27, 2023
||Statistics, Geography, Costing & Taxation, Home Management & Family Resource Management
West Bengal Board Class 12 Syllabus
The WB HS exam syllabus would assist students in performing well in the West Bengal 12th board exam. Students can identify important topics with the help of the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education syllabus and also check the marking scheme. We have provided all the relevant details regarding the West Bengal Board Class 12 syllabus for the students in this article to help them ace the exam and score excellent marks.
WB HS Syllabus for Mathematics
The West Bengal Board Class 12 exam syllabus for Mathematics includes the following topics. Go through all the major topics first and then start covering the other chapters to have a firm grasp of the fundamentals of each topic:
|Relations and Functions
|Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry
Unit-I: Relations and Functions
- Relations and Functions: Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations; one to one and onto functions, composite functions, the inverse of a function; binary operations.
- Inverse Trigonometric Functions: Definition, range, domain, principal value branches. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions; elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions.
- Matrices: Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew symmetric matrices; addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication of matrices, simple properties of addition, multiplication, and scalar multiplication; non-commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restricted to square matrices of order 2); concept of elementary row and column operations; invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists (here all matrices will have real entries).
- Determinants: Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), properties of determinants, minors, cofactors, and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle.
- Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency, and a number of solutions of a system of linear equations by examples, solving systems of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using the inverse of a matrix.; cramer’s Rule and its applications.
- Continuity and Differentiability: Continuity and differentiability, a derivative of composite functions, chain rule, derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions, a derivative of implicit functions, the concept of exponential and logarithmic functions to the base e; logarithmic functions as inverse of exponential functions; derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions; logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms; second-order derivative; Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean value theorems (without proof) and their geometric interpretation and simple applications.
- Applications of Derivatives: Applications of derivatives: rate of change, increasing/decreasing functions, tangents and normals, approximation, maxima, and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool); simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real-life situations).
- Integrals: Integration as an inverse process of differentiation; integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, only simple integrals of the type to be evaluated.
- Applications of the Integrals: Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, areas of circles/parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only); area under the curve y=sin x, y=cos x, area between the two above said curves (the region should be clearly identifiable).
- Differential Equations: Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation; formation of differential equations whose general solution is given; solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, homogeneous, differential equations of the first order and first degree.
Unit-IV: Vectors and Three-dimensional Geometry
- Vectors: Vectors and scalars, magnitude, and direction of a vector. Direction cosines/ratios of vectors; types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, the addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Scalar (dot) product of vectors, projection of a vector on a line; vector (cross) product of vectors; scalar triple product.
- Three-dimensional Geometry: Direction cosines/ratios of a line joining two points. Cartesian and vector equation of a line, coplanar and skew lines, the shortest distance between two lines; cartesian and vector equation of a plane; the angle between (i) two lines (ii) two planes (iii) a line and a plane; distance of a point from a plane.
Unit-V: Linear Programming
- Linear Programming: Introduction, the definition of related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimisation, different types of linear programming (L.P.) problems, mathematical formulation of L.P. problems, graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions, feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three non-trivial constraints).
- Probability: Multiplication theorem on probability Conditional probability, independent events, total probability, Bayes theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution mean and variance of the random variable; repeated independent (Bernoulli) trials and Binomial distribution.
WB HS Syllabus for Physics
The West Bengal Board Class 12 Physics syllabus for the current academic year is mentioned in the table below. Carefully analyse the syllabus and start preparing for the board exams to achieve excellent grades:
|Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism
|Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
|Dual Nature of Matter
|Atoms and Nuclei
- Electric charge; conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law – force between two-point charge, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous distribution.
- Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field; electric flux, statement of Gauss theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside).
- Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential – energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.
- Conductors and insulators, free charges, and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, a combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor; Van de Graaff generator.
Unit-II: Current Electricity
- Electric current, the flow of electric charge in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance.
- V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity, and conductivity.
- Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.
- The internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Elementary idea of secondary cells.
- Kirchoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing emf of two cells: measurement of internal resistance of a cell.
Unit-III: Magnetic effect of current & Magnetism
- Concept of a magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.
- Biot – Savart law and its application to the current-carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids.
- Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. Force on a current-carrying in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current conductors – definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field, moving coil galvanometer- its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. The magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity is due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements; paramagnetic, diamagnetic and ferromagnetic substances, with examples; electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths; permanent magnets.
Unit-IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
- Electromagnetic Induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s law, Eddy currents, self and mutual inductance.
- Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current.
- AC generator and transformer.
Unit–V: Electromagnetic waves
- Need for displacement current. Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
- Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.
- Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula. Newton’s relation: Displacement method to find a position of image (conjugate points) magnification power of a lens, combination of thin- lenses in contact, the combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
- Scattering of light – blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. Elementary idea of the roman effect.
- Optical instrument: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia, hypermetropia, presbyopia and astigmatism) using lenses. Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
- Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection, and refraction of plane waves at a plane surface using wavefronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experience for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarised light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids.
Unit-VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
- Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation – particle nature light.
- Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davission – Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusions should be explained).
Unit-VIII: Atoms & Nuclei
- Alpha – particle scattering experiment: Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Continuous and characteristic X – rays. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law.
- Mass – energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; nuclear fission and fusion.
Unit-IX: Electronic Devices
- Energy bands in solids, conductors, insulators, and Semiconductors; semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode.
- Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.
Unit-X: Communication Systems
- Elements of a communication system (block diagram only); bandwidth of signals (speech, TV, and digital data); bandwidth of transmission medium. Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky, and space wave propagation. Need for modulation.
- Production and detection of an amplitude-modulated wave.
WB HS Syllabus for Chemistry
The West Bengal Board Class 12 Chemistry syllabus helps students understand what are the important topics from an exam point of view. Students who are well-versed with the Chemistry syllabus have a higher chance of scoring well:
|General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
|d-and f- Block Elements
|Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
|Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
|Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic acids
|Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen
|Chemistry in Everyday Life
Unit–I: Solid State
- Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent, and metallic solids, amorphous, and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two dimensional and three-dimensional lattices, packing efficiency, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties. Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators and n & p-type semiconductors.
- Types of solutions, expression of concentration of the solution of solids in liquids, the solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties–relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, the elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, van’t Hoff factor and calculations involving it.
- Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s law, electrolysis, and laws of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell – electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells; lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells. The reaction between Gibbs energy change and emf of a cell, fuel cells: corrosion.
Unit-IV: Chemical Kinetics
- Rate of a reaction (average and instantaneous), factors affecting rates of reactions; concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction; rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first-order reactions); concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment), activation energy, Arrhenius equation.
Unit-V: Surface Chemistry
- Adsorption – physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids; catalysis; homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity; enzyme catalysis; colloidal state, the distinction between true solutions, colloids, and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic, multimolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsion – types of emulsions. Elementary idea of nanomaterials.
Unit-VI: General Principles & Processes of Isolation of Elements
- Principles and methods of extraction – concentration, oxidation, reduction electrolysis method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron.
Unit-VII: p-Block Elements
- Group 15 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; nitrogen – preparation, properties and uses; compounds of nitrogen; preparation and properties of ammonia and nitric acid, oxides of nitrogen (structure only); Phosphorus–allotropic forms; compounds of phosphorus; preparation and properties of phosphine, halides (PCL3, PCL5 ) and oxoacids (elementary idea only).
- Group 16 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; dioxygen; preparation, properties and uses; classification of oxides; ozone, sulphur–allotropic forms; Compounds of sulphur dioxide; sulphuric acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses, other oxides and oxoacids of sulphur (structures only).
- Group 17 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens; preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, oxoacids of halogens (structure only).
- Group 18 elements: General introduction, electronic configuration. Occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties used.
Unit-VIII: d and f Block Elements
- General introduction electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first-row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. Preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4. Lanthanoids – electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.
- Actinides – Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids.
Unit-IX: Coordination Compounds
- Coordination compounds – Introduction, Ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shape, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding (Werner’s theory, VBT and CFT); structural and stereoisomerism, the importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative inclusion of analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems).
Unit–X: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
- Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Stability of carbocations, R-S, and d-I configurations.
- Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitutions reactions (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compound only, stability of carbocations R-S and d-I configurations) Uses and environmental effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.
Unit–XI: Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
- Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only); identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration, uses of methanol and ethanol.
- Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenol.
- Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.
Unit-XII: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
- Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, the reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes; uses.
- Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses.
Unit-XIII: Organic compounds containing Nitrogen
- Nitro compounds: General methods of preparation and chemical reactions.
- Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines.
- Cyanides and Isocyanides – will be mentioned at relevant places in context.
- Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions, and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
- Carbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and Ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration, oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); importance.
- Proteins – Elementary idea of å- amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
- Lipids and hormones, their classification, and functions. Vitamins: Classification and functions. Nucleic Acids: DNA & RNA.
- Classification – natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like poly, nylon, polyesters, bakelite, rubber, biodegradable, and non-biodegradable polymers.
Unit-XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life
- Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilisers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, anti-fertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines, antioxidants.
- Chemicals in food – preservatives, artificial, sweetening agents.
- Cleansing agents – soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
WB HS Syllabus for Biological Sciences
Below we have provided the syllabus for West Bengal Board Class 12 Biological Sciences to help students with their exam preparations. This detailed syllabus will help them cover all the major topics from the subject. Go through the syllabus and clarify your doubts:
|Reproduction in Organisms
|Genetics and Evolution
|Biology and Human Welfare
|Biotechnology and Its Applications
|Ecology and the Environment
Unit-I: Reproduction in Organisms
- Reproduction in Organisms
1.1 Introduction: Reproduction is a characteristic feature of all organism forms, a continuation of species.
1.2 Modes of reproduction: asexual and sexual
1.3 Asexual reproduction: definition, characteristics
1.4 Modes of asexual reproduction: general discussion of the following types in brief with common examples & diagrams of each type:
- Natural: general discussion, in brief, mention common example and give figures
- Artificial: a brief description of the method, example, and diagram – cutting, grafting, layering and Gootee.
- Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
2.1 Flower structure: Typical structure of a complete regular flower with diagram.
2.2 Pollination: Definition, types-Self-pollination (autogamy and geitonogamy) and cross-pollination. (Allogamy and xenogamy); agents of pollination wind, water, animals, insects and birds brief description with an example, significance.
2.3 Development of male gametophyte
2.4 Development of female gametophyte
2.5 Outbreeding devices
2.6 Pollen- pistil interaction
2.7 Double fertilisation
2.8 Post fertilisation events – development of endosperm and embryo (details not required).
2.9 Formation of fruit and development of seed (elementary)
2.10 Special modes – apomixis, parthenogenesis, Parthenocarpy and Polyembryony (brief account)
2.11 Significance of seed and fruit formation
- Human Reproduction
3.2 Male Reproductive system (outline with diagram)
3.3 Female Reproductive system (outline with diagram)
3.4 Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary
3.5 Gametogenesis – definition and type
3.6 Spermatogenesis (brief account)
3.7 Oogenesis (brief account)
3.8 Menstrual cycle
3.9 Fertilisation and development of embryo up to blastocyst formation and implantation.
3.10 Pregnancy and Placenta formation (elementary idea)
3.11 Parturition (elementary idea)
3.12 Lactation (elementary idea)
- Reproductive Health
4.1 Introduction: what is reproductive health?
4.2 Need for reproductive health
4.3 Sexually Transmitted diseases (STD) and their prevention
4.4 Birth control – needs and methods:
- Medical termination of pregnancy (MTP)
4.5 Amniocentesis: What it is and its Significance
4.6 Infertility and assisted reproductive Technologies – IVF (in vitro fertilisation), ZIFT (Zygote intrafallopian transfer), GIFT (Gamete intrafallopian transfer), Elementary idea for general awareness.
Unit-II: Genetics and Evolution
- Heredity and Variation
5.2 Mendelian Inheritance (laws only)
5.3 Deviations from Mendelism
- Incomplete dominance
- Multiple alleles and Inheritance of Blood groups (ABO & Rh)
5.4 Polygenic inheritance (elementary)
5.5 Chromosome theory of inheritance
5.6 Chromosomes and genes
5.7 Sex determination in – human, bird and honeybee
5.8 Linkage and crossing over
5.9 Sex-linked inheritance – Haemophilia and colour blindness
5.10 Mendelian disorder in humans:
- Chromosomal disorders:
a) Autosomal – thalassemia
b) Sex-linked – Down’s Syndrome
- Turner’s Syndrome and Klinefelter’s Syndrome (causes & symptoms only, the process of inheritance is not required)
- Molecular Basis of Inheritance
6.1 Search for genetic material
6.2 DNA as genetic material: (experiments on Bacterial transformation by F. Griffith; Avery, McLeod and Hershey & Chase)
6.3 Structure of DNA
6.4 Structure of RNA
6.5 Types of RNA – mRNA, rRNA, and tRNA
6.6 DNA Packaging
6.7 Central dogma (elementary), DNA replication, transcription, genetic code and translation.
6.8 Regulation of Gene expression (elementary) Lac Operon
6.9 Genome and Human genome project
6.10 DNA fingerprinting
7.2 Origin of life – Origin of earth theories on the origin of life on earth:
- Special creation
- Spontaneous generation
- Abiogenic origin or chemical origin of life – Oparin-Haldane Hypothesis supported by Miller’s experiment, conclusion
- What is biological Evolution?
- Evidence for Biological Evolution
- From comparative anatomy
- Mechanism of Evolution
8.1 Variation- Sources of variation
8.2 Mutation as a source of variation (types not needed, mention only Hugo de Vries experiment)
8.3 Recombination as a source of Variation (the process is not needed)
8.4 Natural selection with examples: types of natural selection
8.5 Gene Flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s Principle
8.6 Adaptive radiation
- Human evolution (with diagram)
Unit-III: Biology and Human Welfare
- Health and Diseases
- Improvement in food production
- Microbes in human welfare
Unit-IV: Biotechnology and its application
- Biotechnology and its application
12.3 Process – Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA technology)
12.4 Application of biotechnology in health and agriculture – introduction
12.5 Human insulin and vaccine production gene therapy
12.6 Genetically modified organisms- BT crops (What is G.M.O., example – cotton), transgenic animals.
12.7 Biosafety issues
12.8 Biopiracy and patents
Unit-V: Ecology and Environment
- Ecology Environment & Population
- Introduction- biome concept and distribution
- Major abiotic factors – water, light, temperature, and soil
- Population interactions – mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism
- Population attributes – growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution
- Biodiversity and Conservation
- Biosphere reserve
- National parks and sanctuaries
- Environment issues
WB HS Syllabus for Language Subjects
Check the table below to know about the important chapters and topics covered under the language section of the West Bengal Board Class 12 exam. We have provided all the details about the subject in the table below to help students sail through the exams:
||Prose – Michael Angelo – Gulzar, Debut on Stage – Charles Chaplin, War – Luigi Pirandello, A Chameleon – Anton Chekov
Verse -Let me Not – William Shakespeare, Song Offerings # 63 – Rabindranath Tagore, Dulce et Decorum – Wilfred Owen, Tonight I can write – Pablo Neruda, Textual Grammar-Synthesis and splitting of sentences, Change of narration iii Correction of Errors, Drama Cathleen in Houlihan – W.B Yeats
||Prose- The Eyes Have It – Ruskin Bond, Extract from the chapter Orientation from Wings of Fire – APJ Abdul Kalam, Thank You, Ma’am – Langston Hughes, The Three Questions – Leo Tolstoy
Verse- On Killing a Tree – Gieve Patel, Asleep in the Valley – Arthur Rimbaud, Shall I Compare Thee – William Shakespeare, The Poetry of Earth – J. Keats.
Drama- Drama Charandas Chor – Habib Tanvir for 2015 H.S Examination The Proposal – A Chekov from 2016 H.S onwards
History of Literature
Non-Detailed text – 1- One Life History
Non-Detailed text – 2- History of Telugu literature
Project Work- Anyone/two from the prescribed
History of Literature
Grammar & Compositions
West Bengal Board Class 12 Practical/Experiments List
- Physics Practical Syllabus
- Every student will perform at least 15 experiments (7 from Section A & 8 from Section B). The activities mentioned here should only be for the purpose of demonstration. One project of three marks is to be carried out by the students.
- Evaluation Scheme for Practical Examination
(Any 7 experiments out of the following to be performed by the students)
- To find the resistance of a given wire using a metre bridge and hence determine the specific resistance of its materials.
- To determine resistance per cm of a given wire by plotting a graph of potential difference versus current.
- To verify the laws of combination (series/parallel) of resistances using a metre bridge.
- To compare the EMF of two given primary cells using a potentiometer.
- To determine the internal resistance of a given primary cell using the potentiometer.
- To determine the resistance of a galvanometer by half-deflection method and to find its figure of merit.
- To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into an ammeter and voltmeter of desired range and to verify the same.
- To find the frequency of the AC mains with a sonometer.
(For the purpose of demonstration only)
- To measure the resistance and impedance of an inductor with or without an iron core.
- To measure resistance, voltage (AC/DC), current (AC) and check continuity of a given circuit using a multimeter.
- To assemble a household circuit comprising three bulbs, three (ON/OFF) switches, a fuse, and a power source.
- To assemble the components of a given electrical circuit.
- To study the variation in potential drop with the length of a wire for a steady current.
- To draw the diagram of a given open circuit comprising at least a battery, resistor/rheostat, key, ammeter, and voltmeter. Mark the components that are not connected in proper order and correct the circuit and the circuit diagram.
(Any 8 experiments out of the following to be performed by the students)
- To find the value of v for different values of u in the case of a concave mirror and to find the focal length.
- To find the focal length of a convex mirror, using a convex lens.
- To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v between 1/u and 1/v.
- To find the focal length of a concave lens, using a convex lens.
- To determine the angle of incidence and angle of deviation.
- To determine the refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
- To find the refractive index of a liquid by using (i) concave mirror, (ii) convex lens, and (iii) plane mirror.
- To draw the I-V characteristic curve of a p-n junction in forwarding bias and reverse bias.
- To draw the characteristic curve of a Zener diode and to determine its reverse breakdown voltage.
- To study the characteristics of a common emitter npn or pnp transistor and to find out the values of current and voltage gains.
(For the purpose of demonstration only)
- To identify a diode, an LED, a transistor, an IC, a resistor, and a capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.
- Use of multimeter to (i) identity base of a transistor, (ii) distinguish between npn and pnp type transistors, (iii)see the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an ED, and (iv) check whether a given electronic component (e.g., diode, transistor, or IC) is in working order.
- To study the effect of intensity of light (by varying distance of the source) on an L.D.R.
- To observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass slab.
- To observe the polarisation of light using two polaroids.
- To observe the diffraction of light due to a thin slit.
- To study the nature and size of the image formed by (i) convex lens and (ii) concave mirror on a screen by using a candle and a screen (for a different distance of the candle from the lens/mirror).
- To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the given set of lenses.
Chemistry Practical Syllabus
Below we have provided the detailed Chemistry practical syllabus for the West Bengal Board Class 12 students to help them score good marks in the practical exams as it impacts the overall grade of the subject. Check the table below and start preparing for the exam:
|Evaluation Scheme for Examination Marks
|Class Record, Viva, and Project work
Chemistry Practical Syllabus
- Surface Chemistry
a) Preparation one lyophilic and one lyophobic sol. Lyophilic sol – starch albumin and gum, Lyophobic sol – aluminium hydroxide, ferric hydroxide, arsenious sulphide.
b) Study of the role of emulsifying agents in stabilising the emulsions of different oils.
- Chemical kinetics
a) Effect of concentration and temperature on the rate of reaction between sodium thiosulphate and hydrochloric acid.
b) Study of reaction rates of any one of the following:
- Reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature using different concentrations of iodide ions.
- Reaction between potassium iodide, KIO3, and sodium sulphate, (Na2So3) using starch solution as an indicator (clock reaction).
Any of the following experiments
- Enthalpy of dissolution copper sulphate or potassium nitrate.
- Enthalpy of neutralisation of strong acid (HCl) and strong base (NaOH).
- Determination of enthalpy change during interaction (hydrogen bond formation) between acetone and chloroform.
- Electrochemistry Variation of cell potential in Zn/Zn2+/Cu2+/Cu with change in concentration of electrolytes (CuSO4 or ZnSO4) at room temperature.
- Separation of pigments from extracts of leaves and flowers by paper chromatography and determination of Rf Values.
- Separation of constituents present in an inorganic mixture containing two cations only (constituents having a large difference in Rf values to be provided).
- Preparation of inorganic components
- Preparation of double salt of ferrous ammonium sulphate or potash alum
- Preparation of potassium ferric oxalate
- Preparation of organic compounds: Preparation of any two of the following compounds
- Di benzal acetone
- Aniline yellow or 2- Napthal aniline dye.
- Tests for the functional groups present in organic compounds: Unsaturation, alcoholic, phenolic, aldehydic, ketonic, carboxylic, and amino (primary) groups
- Characteristic test of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in pure samples and their detection in given foodstuff
- Determination of concentration/minority of KMnO4 solution by titrating it against a standard solution of:
- Oxalic acid
- Ferrous ammonium sulphate (students will be required to prepare a standard solution by weighing themselves)
- Qualitative analysis Determination of one cation and one anion in a given salt
- The project work includes the following things:
- Model preparation
- Investigatory project
- Participation in science fairs
- Testing of purity of food articles like butter, pulse, milk, etc.
Computer Science Practical Syllabus
We have provided all the details about the Computer Science practical syllabus for West Bengal Board Class 12 students. Check the list below and start your studies.
- Practical (30 marks)
- Programming in C (Coding, Execution) (10 marks)
One programming problem in C to be developed and tested in computer during the examination. Marks are allotted on the basis of the following:
- Logic (5 marks)
- Documentation (2 marks)
- Output presentation (3 marks)
Types of problems to be given will be of application type from the following topics:
- Linked list manipulation
- Stack using array and linked implementation
- Queue using array and linked implementation (only linear queue)
- Text and binary file operations (creation, display, searching, modification)
- Web page design using HTML and SQL (command as per theory syllabus) (5 marks)
- Project work (one project using C and one project using HTML) (5 marks)
- Application of C (Program on any one of the following topics):
- Problem-related to Numerical Analysis–Bisection Method, Trapezoidal Rule
- Creation and manipulation of telephone index using the concept of files
- Creation and addition of polynomials using Linked Lists
- Web page designing using HTML (minimum 5 linked pages)
- Travel and Tourism
- Book Catalogue
- Pollution and pollution control
- Laboratory Copy (5 marks)
- Viva Voce (5 marks)
West Bengal Board Class 12 Study Plan to Maximise Score
West Bengal Board Class 12 Preparation Tips
Class 12th exams are very important for the students as it decides their future. Moreover, students must be well-versed with all the aspects of the West Bengal Board Class 12 exams to achieve great results. To help students with their studies, we have prepared a detailed study plan for them. Go through each and every point and start preparing for your exams accordingly.
West Bengal Class 12 board examinations are conducted by the WBCHSE. Below we have provided WB HS exam preparation tips:
- Students must read and understand all the important topics from each subject and revise them constantly to score well in the exam.
- After completing the course and revision, students should practice previous years’ question papers and take as many mock examinations as possible to improve their speed and time management.
- On the other hand, a well-planned strategy can help in preparation and get students on the right track.
- To improve your speed, try to solve questions using shortcut techniques.
- Some calculations can take a long time; therefore, you should practice the Math problems frequently.
- Also, attempt to answer objective questions; this will give you a better understanding of the subject.
West Bengal Board Class 12 Exam Taking Strategy
Exam time can be stressful since students are under a lot of pressure to score well. However, there are a number of things students must do to improve their scores in exams. Adopt these below-given exam-taking strategies for better scores.
- Clear your fundamentals and have a firm grasp of the issues covered in your syllabus.
- Seek absolute correctness and strive to provide the most concise and to-the-point answers possible.
- Solve previous year papers and mock tests.
- Practise all the questions from textbooks.
- Find the ABTA (All Bengal Teachers Association) questions from Midnapore, Purulia, Murshidabad, Bankura, Dinajpur, and Birbhum.
- Make your writing presentable by adding margins and rough edges.
- Do not make a quick decision.
- Keep your mind fresh by sleeping well.
- For mental and physical health, exercise every day and listen to music to relax your mind.
West Bengal Board Class 12 Detailed Study Plan
- A student can create a schedule that allows enough time for all of the subjects as well as an hour for self-evaluation.
- To avoid exertion, the timetable must include short breaks.
- One should take short notes while studying for the West Bengal Board 12th exam while revising. This will save them the time and effort of having to re-read the entire textbook.
- Another excellent way is to study with a group of friends.
- Students should practice with sample papers and WB Board 12th question papers from previous years.
- If you have any unfinished chapters, do not attempt to read the details of that chapter. Just read a few key questions from that chapter to write in the exam.
- Write and practice more to improve your writing speed.
- Problems in Mathematics and Science should be practised.
Also Check – Schools in West Bengal
West Bengal Board Class 12 Recommended Chapters
Some of the most important chapters in each of the WB HS subjects are mentioned below:
|Important Recommended Chapter
|1. Dual Nature of Radiation
||1. Relations and Functions
||Reproduction in Organisms
||2. Matrices and Determinant
||2. Genetics and evolution
||p- block elements
||3. Continuity and Differentiability Application of derivatives
||3. Biology and human welfare
|4. Ray Optics
||d- block elements
||4. Vectors and three-Dimensional geometry
||4. Ecology and the environment
|5. Wave Optics
||Haloalkanes and haloarenes
||5. Linear Programming
|Alcohol, Phenol, and Ethers
|Chemistry in everyday life
West Bengal Board Class 12 Previous Year Analysis
West Bengal Board Class 12 Previous Year Cut-off
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the WB HS exams for 2021 were cancelled. The results were declared following the evaluation criteria. The WB Board used a 40:60 formula to analyse the results, with 40 percent weightage given to the best of four subjects in the Madhyamik exam held for the 2019 batch, and 60 percent weightage given to the WB Class 11 annual exam. Class 12 practicals or projects in Science and Arts were graded according to the standard procedure for the practical section.
The criteria for Science, Commerce, and the Arts streams vary based on subjects, but the primary objective is to evaluate past three-year performance, including Classes 10, 11, and year-long performance in Class 12.
West Bengal Board Class 12 Previous Year Topper List
There were a total of 137 students in the top 10. Around 7,818 students received a score of 90 percent or higher. The percentage of female students that passed was 85.3 percent. The number of female candidates grew by 6.26 percent.
The topper list for WB HS 2021 is given below:
|Rank 1st. Granthan Sengupta
||99.2%. (Arts stream)
|Rank 2nd. Ritvik Kumar Sahu
||98.6% (Science stream)
|Rank 3rd. Timirbaran Biswas and Rank 3rd. Saswata Roy
|Rank 4th Chinmay Adhikari
West Bengal Board Class 12 Exam Counselling
West Bengal Board Class 12 Student Counselling
The student counselling service is specifically developed for students in the 12th grade to provide them with ‘in-depth’ information about course selection and application procedures. There are various courses available to a student after the 12th grade, making it difficult to choose one. When it comes to choosing a college for the subject that a student wishes to pursue, career experts advise students to select a well-known college because the value of studying a course at such a college/university will have bright job prospects.
Counselling experts give schools step-by-step instructions on the application process, tracking information, and important dates for admission. They also help students fill out application forms by shortlisting colleges. Student counselling helps children understand their true potential and they work on themselves accordingly to have a bright future ahead. Student counselling is must for those kids who feel confused regarding their decisions.
West Bengal Board Class 12 Parent/Guardian Counselling
The WB HS exam is a very important phase in a student’s academic life. For a parent, this phase is equally important. Parent counselling helps parents guide their children to score well in the board exams and reduce stress. Being connected with your child, both physically and emotionally, may have a huge impact on them. During the exam preparation process, students frequently experience a great deal of worry and pressure. Knowing that someone is there for them at all times can make a significant difference to their mental health. When the child needs it, make it a point to give them appropriate space.
Every child is different, and you should value their differences and individuality. Allowing a student to build on their skills can help them be more successful in the long run. Never make comparisons between your child and others. Encourage your child to take regular mock examinations in a formal exam setting. Music, chit-chat with friends, a morning walk, and texts — can be a few activities that children should be encouraged to indulge in. Every student has a different distraction; all you have to do is figure out which one is interfering with your child’s studies and address it appropriately. Allow them to tell their side of the story and to discuss the paper without passing any judgments.
West Bengal Board Class 12 Important Dates
The important exam dates for the West Bengal Class 12 students has already been mentioned in this article. The exams will commence from March 2023 and students must be prepared for the exam to get admission into a college they want. Go through the new timetable and start preparing for the exams accordingly. The others details about the application process is mentioned below in this article.
West Bengal Board Class 12 Application Form
The WBCHSE will issue the application form for the 12th board exams on their official website. Students must complete the WBCHSE HS exam application form 2022 on or before the deadline. If a student does not fill the application form before the deadline, they will not be allowed to sit for the 12th board exams.
How To Apply for the WB 12th Exam Online in 2022?
The following is the procedure for completing the West Bengal Board 12th online registration:
- Step 1: First, visit www.wbchse.nic.in.
- Step 2: Select the ‘Class XII’ link from the options under the ‘Academics’ section.
- Step 3: Now, go to the top of the page and then click on the ‘Class XII – Online Registration’ option.
- Step 4: Fill in all of the required information in the fields provided.
- Step 5: After filling the form, click on the ‘Submit’ button.
- Step 6: Make a copy of the form to keep for future reference.
Also Check – Education Board in West Bengal
West Bengal Board Class 12 Result Date
The WB HS exam 2022 result was announced on June 10, 2022 at 11 AM. The WB HS result was released on the official websites, wbchse.nic.in and wbresults.nic.in.
West Bengal Board Class 12 Exam Result
The West Bengal Board Class 12th result was announced on June 10, 2022. The exams began on April 2, 2022 and concluded on April 26, 2022. The compartment and re-evaluation result dates are yet to be announced. Till them check the other details about the exam result to stay updated on the recent important events:
|West Bengal 12th board exam date 2022
||April 2 to 26, 2022
|WB HS result 2022 date
||June 10, 2022
|Issue of original mark sheets
||Few days after the online result declaration
|Re-evaluation result date
||Not Yet Announced
||Not Yet Announced
Students can download their West Bengal Board 12th result 2022 from the online portal, SMS, or an Android application. The following are all the methods for checking the WB HS result 2022.
How To Check WB HS Exam Result?
- Step 1: Visit the West Bengal Board 12th result 2022 website by clicking on the link above or going to the following address: www.wbresults.nic.in
- Step 2: Open the ‘Higher Secondary Result’ link.
- Step 3: On the screen, a login box for WBCHSE result 2022 will appear.
- Step 4: In the appropriate fields, enter the roll number, followed by the registration number.
- Step 5: The online 2022 HS result for grade 12 will be presented on the screen on www.wbresults.nic.in. Cross check all of the information once again.
- Step 6: WB HS result 2022 West Bengal Board can be downloaded and printed. Please keep it in a secure place for future use.
Steps To See West Bengal HS Result 2022 via SMS
WBCHSE allows you to check your WBCHSE 12th result 2022 offline through SMS. Following are the steps to get the results:
- Step 1: Type WB12 roll number and send it to 5676750 or 58888.
- Step 2: The mobile phone will receive the WB 12th result 2022.
- Step 3: Subject-wise marks and qualifying status (pass/fail/compartment) are included in the WB HS 2022 result.
West Bengal Board 12th result 2022 can be viewed through an Android app:
- Step 1: Install the WBCHSE Result 2022 app from Google Play Store.
- Step 2: Now open the app, which will take you to a window with the West Bengal 12th result 2022.
- Step 3: The details such as roll, number, and registration number should be entered.
- Step 4: After entering the details, enter the captcha code and submit the form.
- Step 5: For future use take a printout or a screenshot of the page.
FAQs on West Bengal Board Class 12
Q1. What is the minimum passing mark for WB HS exams?
A1. To pass the WB HS exams, you must score a combined score of 30% in both practical and theoretical topics.
Q2. What was the date of HS exam 2022 in West Bengal?
A2. The WB HS exam 2022 was scheduled from April 2 to 26, 2022.
Q3. Is a calculator allowed in the exam hall?
A3. No, students are not permitted to bring any electronic devices inside the exam room.
Q4. At what time should I reach the West Bengal HS exam centre?
A4. Candidates must be at the examination centre at least one hour prior to the start of the exam.
Q5. From where can I collect my WB 12th admit card 2022?
A5. The WB HS admit card 2022 must be obtained from the school officials.
West Bengal Board Class 12 School List
Selecting a good school for further studies is a very important step in every student’s life. Parents must guide their children while selecting a good school for their future studies. There are several good schools in West Bengal providing good quality education to the students. We have provided the names of some of the school in the state to help children and their parents in the process.
There are more than 12000 schools under the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education. Some of the schools among them are listed below.
||Name of the School
||Asansol Arunoday High School
||Domohani Kelejora High School
||Loreto Convent, Asansol
||St. Patrick’s Higher Secondary School
||St. Vincent’s High and Technical School
||Dr. Graham’s Homes, Kalimpong
||Gandhi Ashram School
||Goethals Memorial School, Kurseong
||Mount Carmel School, Darjeeling
||Mount Hermon School
||St. Augustine’s School
||St. George’s Higher Secondary School
||St. Joseph’s School, Darjeeling
||St. Paul’s School, Darjeeling
||St. Roberts School, Darjeeling
||Aditya Academy (Senior Secondary)
||Amrai High School
||Andal Mahabir High School
Future Exams After West Bengal Board Class 12
For most ongoing courses, Class 12 is one of the preparatory levels. The syllabus and study for Class 12 will help students pass numerous national-level exams and gain admittance to various courses.
Let us have a look at the numerous national level competitive exams available following Class 12.
- Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main
- JEE Advanced
- Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) entrance exam
- IPU-CET (B. Tech)
- Manipal (B. Tech)
- AMU (B. Tech)
- NDA Entrance with PCM (MPC)
- National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET)
- Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test
- Indian Navy B. Tech Entry Scheme
- Indian Army Technical Entry Scheme (TES) ·
- National Defense Academy and Naval Academy Examination (I)
|Fashion and Design
- National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) Entrance Test
- National Institute of Design Admissions
- All India Entrance Examination for Design (AIEED)
- Symbiosis Institute of Design Exam
- Footwear Design and Development Institute
- Maeer’s MIT Institute of Design
- National Institute of Fashion Design
- National Aptitude Test in Architecture
- Center for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT)
- Banaras Hindu University
- IIT Madras Humanities and Social Sciences Entrance Examination (HSEE)
- TISS Bachelors Admission Test (TISS-BAT)
- Common-Law Admission Test
- All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)
- Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY)
- National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)
- Indian Statistical Institute Admission
- Admissions to Universities
- Various B.Sc. Programs
- Banasthali Vidyapith Admission
Practical Knowledge/Career Goals
Any West Bengal Board Class 12 kid who is asked about their future plans is likely to give you completely unclear responses. It is not because they lack motivation or do not know what they want to achieve with their lives; rather, it is because they are unaware of the necessary actions or educational requirements to pursue their dreams.
The majority of kids think their WB Class 12th exam will propel them on! They can fly wherever they desire, but only if the students know how to take use of the various directions and paths that are available to them. Since there are so many diploma, certificate, and degree programmes to select from, it can be intimidating and confusing for students. However, do not worry as we will help you through the process.
Computers are incredible, but they cannot think for themselves. They depend on someone else to provide them with directions. Coding is a set of instructions that tell computers how to accomplish what they’re supposed to do. We can create computer software, games, apps, and websites owing to coding.
Coders, often known as programmers, are the creators of the programmes that power everything we see and do on computers. Learning to code helps students to acquire important abilities like problem-solving, reasoning, and critical thinking. Through coding, children can learn that there are typically multiple answers to a problem and that simpler and more efficient methods are often preferable.
Students should be familiar with several of the most common coding languages.
The abilities that enable you to do your job and manage your career are known as career skills. These are in addition to the abilities and technical knowledge required to perform the tasks of your career. Students in Class 12 can learn a variety of things, some of which are listed below:
- Interpersonal Skills Improvement
- Writing a Resume
- Ability to Communicate
- Personality Development
- Basics of Computer Functions
- Banking and Insurance
- Marketing and Sales
- Information Technology
- Introduction to Financial Markets
- Introduction to Tourism
- Beauty and Wellness
- Food Production
- Front Office Operations
- Multi Skill Foundation
- Artificial Intelligence
- Video Editing
- Digital Marketing
Career Prospects/Which stream to choose
Choosing the correct professional path after high school is a major issue for teenagers and their families. Selecting the best course will assist you in making the best career option. The following points might help you in making your career decision:
- Degree courses
- Diploma courses
- Fashion designing
- Defence and other government exams