What Is Computer Engineering: Computer engineering is the combination of several disciplines of computer science and electronics to develop computer hardware and software. A computer engineer or computer software engineer learns to build everything from small circuits to large systems. This branch of engineering trains students to design, construct, and repair any digital system. From hardware to software, jobs in this field covers varieties of products and processes.
A Computer engineer designs and develops computer systems and other technological devices. Computer hardware engineers research, design, develop and test computer systems and components such as processors, circuit boards, memory devices, networks and routers. For more detailed information about Computer Engineering, candidates can go through this article.
What Is Computer Engineering?
For those minds thinking ‘Is computer engineering a good career?’ let us brief you on that first. Computer engineering, essentially, is an integrated field of engineering which combines aspects of electronic engineering with computer sciences. It is mainly bifurcated into two parts – Hardware Engineering and Software Engineering. As the name reflects, hardware engineering is all about constructing a small microchip for large scientific computers. Software engineering covers designing and constructing software for various purposes.
It is difficult to define computer engineering in a statement due to the extensive nature of this field. Computer engineers undertake a variety of responsibilities depending on the industry and their place of employment, ranging from the manufacturing of microprocessors to creating and designing computer programs and algorithms.
Skills Required For A Computer Engineer
Computer engineering is a dynamic field and candidates must possess a certain set of skills to be successful in this field. Given below are some of the skills that a computer engineer should possess:
- Analytical and diagnostic skills
- Knack to solve problems
- Creative outlook
- Programming and algorithmic skills
- Basic knowledge of web development
- Basic knowledge of machine learning
What Does A Computer Engineer Do?
Given are some of the roles and responsibilities of a Computer Engineer:
|(1) Oversee the security, stability, and functionality of the company’s database.|
|(2) Create codes for various computer applications, software, and operating systems.|
|(3) Lend technical support and assistance to customers or businesses.|
|(4) Design the architecture and user interface of a computer system.|
|(5) Develop software and create applications for a computer system or similar device.|
|(6) Coordinate research, conduct surveys, record and analyze data and gather information through the internet for the company.|
Computer Engineering Course Details
It is mandatory to have a PCM background in 10+2 to take up computer engineering in graduation. For postgraduation courses, it is mandatory to have the same background during graduation. To be a teacher, it is necessary to have at least a master’s degree in computer engineering. There are also some other levels of this course available in India like PhD or M. Phil in computer science.
Computer engineering has different levels that are being followed in India.
Courses in Computer Science And Engineering
|(1) BE/B.Tech: It is mandatory to score at least 50% marks in 10+2 to be eligible for a tier 2 college at least. To get admission in a top Indian college, it is mandatory to crack JEE Mains and Advanced, to attempt JEE it is necessary to have 75% with the PCM background in 10+2. A top score of JEE provides you with admission to a tier-1 College.|
|(2) ME/M.Tech/MSc: To get the admission for a postgraduation course in computer engineering, it is mandatory to crack B.Sc or B.Tech. As per the level of the college, the eligibility requirement differs. For example, to get the admission in IIT Kharagpur, it is mandatory to crack Masters with at least 60% and GATE exam with top rank. GATE score can be waived off if the candidate belongs to an IIT and score at least 6.5 overall and 8.0 CPI in 2 Years of his/her graduation.|
|(3) M. Phil/PhD: To pursue a doctorate in computer engineering, it is mandatory to have a postgraduation degree for the same. Duration of doctorate courses can vary from 6 months to 5 years. In India, students need to have a minimum GATE or NET score to become eligible for a doctorate level course from a top college.|
|(4) Diploma Courses: To be eligible for a diploma course, it is mandatory to have a PCM background in 10+2. Good colleges can provide admission if you have scored at least 40%. The average duration of this course is 3 years.|
|(5) Distance Courses: There are so many international and national universities that provide distance learning or online learning courses for computer engineering. It is necessary to have the same background to pursue these courses as well.|
Note: The duration mentioned above is taken from various official websites of Tier-1 and Tier-2 colleges. It can vary as per the rules and regulations various universities follow.
Common Specializations of Computer Engineering in India
Some of the common specializations in India are as under:
- Software Engineering
- Data Science & Analytics
- Machine Learning
- Artificial Intelligence
- Cyber Security
- Mobile and Web Computing
- Human-Computer Interaction
- Cloud Computing
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Information Systems & Management
- Information Security
- Forensic Security
Note: The specializations mentioned above are taken from Quora. Apart from these, there are so many fields about which a computer engineer learns. It totally depends upon the syllabus and the choices you get.
Computer Engineering – Eligibility Criteria
Given below are the general eligibility criteria to pursue computer engineering program at the UG and PG level:
|Undergraduate||Passed Class 12 exam from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects. Minimum 60% marks.|
|Postgraduate||B.Tech degree in the same specialization with minimum CPI of 6.5 or 60% of marks or First Class in the qualifying degree.|
Minimum qualifying marks in GATE ME.
Subjects & Topics In Computer Engineering
Usually, every engineering college or university follows the same syllabus for the first year. Any kinds of change in the syllabus occur from the third year semester of the course.
A list of subjects/topics of computer engineering taught at UG level is given below:
- Engineering in Mathematics.
- Electronic Circuits.
- Logic Design.
- Discrete Mathematical Structures.
- Data Structures With C.
- Object-Oriented Programming With C++.
- Data Structures With C/C++ Laboratory.
- Electronic Circuits and Logic Design Laboratory.
- Graphics Theory and Combinatorics.
- Design and Analysis of Algorithms.
- UNIX and Shell Programming.
- Computer Organization.
- Design and Analysis of Algorithm Theory.
- Microprocessors Laboratory.
- Software Engineering.
- Systems Software.
- Operating Systems.
- Database Management.
- Computer Networks.
- Formal Language and Automata Theory.
- Database Applications Laboratory.
- System Software and Operating Systems and Laboratory.
- Management and Entrepreneurship.
- UNIX System Programming.
- Compiler Design.
- Computer Graphics and Visualization.
- Object-Oriented Modeling and Design.
- Embedded Computing System.
- Programming the Web.
- Advanced Computer Architecture.
- Advanced DBMS.
- Digital Signal Processing.
- JAVA and J2EE.
- Multimedia Computing.
- Data Warehousing and Data Mining.
- Neural Networks.
- Software Architectures.
- System Modeling and Simulation.
A list of subjects/topics of computer engineering taught at PG level is as under:
- Computer Networks.
- Advances in OS.
- Advance Data Management System.
- Computer System Performance Analysis.
- Formal Models in Computer Science.
- Advanced Algorithms.
- Advanced Computer Architecture.
- Cloud Computing.
- Information Security.
- Project Work Evaluation and Viva-Voce.
Note: Subjects/topics mentioned above are taken from the official website of CMRIT, Bengaluru. These can vary as per the syllabus of various universities or colleges.
Entrance Exams For Computer Engineering
A list of the top engineering entrance exams in India is as follows:
|JEE Main||National Testing Agency (NTA)|
|BITSAT||Birla Institute of Technology and Science|
|KIITEE||Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT)|
|COMEDK UGET||The Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka|
|MHT CET||Maharashtra State Common Entrance Test Cell|
Top Colleges For Computer Engineering
Provided below are some of the best colleges in India:
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bangalore
- International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad
- Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi
- Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad
- Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani.
- Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
- LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur.
- Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
- National Institute of Technology, Trichy
Computer Engineering Admission Fee
A general fee structure for UG courses in India is tabulated below:
Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)
|Colleges||Fee (in INR)|
3.99 L (average)
12.46 L (maximum)
|Private||1.09 L (minimum)|
3.94 L (average)
12.48 L (maximum)
Bachelor of Engineering (BE)
|Colleges||Fee (in INR)|
2.23 L (average)
5.87 L (maximum)
3.35 L (average)
17.08 L (maximum)
A general fee structure for PG courses in computer engineering (in India) is tabulated below:
Master of Engineering (ME)
|Colleges||Fee (in INR)|
1.05 L (average)
2.34 L (maximum)
1.96 L (average)
20.4 L (maximum)
Master of Technology (M.Tech)
|Colleges||Fee (in INR)|
1.79 L (average)
5.43 L (maximum)
1.97 L (average)
8.57 L (maximum)
Jobs & Career Opportunities In Computer Engineering
Almost every sector in India is getting digitalized, which directly impacts the industries which manufacture digital gadgets like desktop computers, laptops, etc. Now India is known as an IT hub for the world. With so many digital marketing companies, the Indian corporate sector is open to so many job opportunities for computer engineers. From being an IT technician to a software development manager, Or IT Consultant for MNCs, the Indian market has grown to create so many levels of jobs for computer engineers.
Companies like Google, Facebook, Alibaba are some MNCs hiring Indian computer engineering to pass out. With so many international and national job opportunities, Indian computer engineers have a large scope of getting hired by off-campus or on-campus hiring processes. Just like the other branches of engineering, growth in this industry is also based on the performance.
Some of the job roles played by computer engineers are below:
|(1) IT Consultants|
|(2) Web Developers|
|(3) Software Testers and Developers|
|(4) Security Analysts and Consultants|
|(5) Data Warehouse Developer/ Manager or Analyst|
|(6) UX Developers|
|(7) IT Auditors|
|(8) Data Architects|
Top Recruiters For Computer Engineering Students in India
As mentioned above, computer engineers have a great scope of getting hired in India. The reason behind so many career opportunities is that because almost every sector is currently dependent on IT activities. In almost every organization, digital gadgets are being used. Computer engineers perform various roles for industries like Software Engineers, IT technicians, IT Consultants, Software Developers, etc. Some of the companies that recruit computer engineer graduates are:
- Infosys Technologies
- Tata Consultancy Services
- HCL Technologies
Given below are the average packages offered by some of the top companies that hire computer engineers in India:
|Company||Average Package (in INR)|
Note: Salary details mentioned above are taken from various sources like Quora, Payscale, etc. Embibe doesn’t promise you about any package on behalf of any organization in any case.
FAQs On Computer Engineering
Some of the frequently asked questions are as follows:
Ans: Yes. There are many Indian PSUs that are hiring computer engineers in India. Some of those companies are ISRO, CIL, BEL, ICL, ONGC etc.
Ans: A computer engineer can easily be a freelancer due to the skills and knowledge he or she possess. There are many international and national organizations that will pay a freelancer for developing software or for consulting about IT requirements etc.
Ans: To be an engineering teacher, it is necessary to have a real-life working experience. In India, the most common qualification for being a teacher is to have a PhD degree if you want to teach college students. Some private institutes also provide career opportunities as a teacher with just a postgraduation degree. India has so many engineering institutes due to which being a teacher with some experience and knowledge is not so tough.
Ans: JEE provides you access to top colleges in India if you wish to pursue a career in engineering. It is mandatory to score 75% in 10+2 if your target colleges are IITs or NITs.
It is evident that this sector is filled with unlimited opportunities. To be successful in engineering when there is so much competition, it is mandatory to have good knowledge, skills, and experience.
At Embibe, you can find unlimited questions of various difficulty levels as well as detailed solutions. Take JEE Main Mock Tests for free and test the level of your preparation. There are also innumerable free JEE Main Practice Questions available on Embibe.
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