Goa Board Class 11

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  • Written by gnanambigai
  • Last Modified on 28-01-2023
  • Written by gnanambigai
  • Last Modified on 28-01-2023

Goa Board Class 11 Exam

About Exam

The Goa Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education is the principal state board of education in the Indian state of Goa, and is in charge of secondary and higher secondary education at its affiliated institutions. The “Goa, Daman and Diu Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board Act, 1975” established the board on May 27, 1975.

The Goa Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education- GBSHSE conducts the Class 11 exam in February/March every year. The goal of this annual examination is to test students on skills that help them build concept-understanding, confidence and knowledge, aesthetic awareness, and integrity learnt during their school year.

Goa Board Class 11 Exam Summary

All necessary details about the Goa Class 11 examination conducted by the GBSHSE are tabulated below. The table gives an idea about the exam, the exam conducting frequency, the various options of languages available, and the important dates.

Particulars Details
Name of the Board Goa Board of Secondary & Higher Secondary Education (GBSHSE)
Class 11th Class
Exam Date Feb/ March 2022
Availability of Admit Card January 2022
Result Announcement Date April/ May 2022
Official Website gbshse.info

Goa Board Official Website

https://www.gbshse.info/

Goa Board Class 11 Exam Pattern

Exam Pattern

Non Practical Subjects

The detailed marks details for non-practical subjects are given below: 

Theory Total
Theory
Internal Total
Internal
Marks
Total
First
Quarterly
Test
First
Term
Second
Quarterly
Test
Second
Term
Assignment Project Year-round
Assessment
20 40 20 40 120 10 10 20 40 160
(To be converted out of 100)

Practical Subjects

The detailed marks details for practical subjects are given below:

Theory

Total
Theory

Internal

Total
Internal
Marks

Total

First
Quarterly
Test

First
Term

Second
Quarterly
Test

Second
Term

First Term
Practical

Project

Year-round
Assessment

Second Term
Practical

20

40

20

40

120

10

10

10

10

40

160
(To be converted out of 100)

Marking Scheme

The detailed marking scheme is given below:

Serial Number

Form of Questions

Number of Questions

Marks

1

MCQ

02

1 x 2 = 02

2

VSA

02

1 x 2 = 02

3

SA-I

05

5 x 2 = 10

4

SA – II

02

2 x 3 = 06

Below are some of the points regarding the details of quarterly exams and question paper patterns:

  • First Quarterly Test to be conducted by end of July
  • Second Quarterly Test by the end of September
  • Third Quarterly Test by mid-January
  • Fourth Quarterly Test by the end of March  
  • For practical subjects, the first term practical exam will be in the form of Viva (online mode) Second Term Practical Exam will be offline subject to COVID – 19 situations then  
  • All exams are compulsory. An exemption may be claimed only on medical grounds  
  • Passing Criteria is 33% aggregate  
  • A student is entitled to a maximum of 6 Condonation Marks (out of 600) for obtaining an overall G-grade in one and more subjects after adding theory and year-round assessment components, i.e. practical/assignment/ project  
  • Option to be given in Short Answer (SA – II) within the question
  • Conduct of periodical tests (05 to 10 Marks each) in every subject after each chapter and to maintain a record of Marks of the same so as to evaluate the performance or grasping of concepts in the chapter and may utilise these marks as year-end assessment for the final result. Periodical tests may include assignments/projects/quiz/wallpaper/ MCQ’s format/group presentation or any other innovative mode.  
  • Language Subject to maintaining the pattern of 60% weightage to Non-textual & Practical Application and 40% Textual Content (Prose & Poetry).  
  • For Class XI Economics the long answer will carry 03 marks in place of 05 marks.  For CWSN to keep Google Forms Pattern with MCQs or any other convenient pattern.  
  • For Practicals, Videos of Experiments may be uploaded and shall be used for viva during the first term in view of online classes.

Goa Board Class 11 Syllabus

Exam Syllabus

Goa Board Class 11 Mathematics Syllabus

The syllabus for Mathematics is given below:

Chapter Number Chapter Name
Unit 1: Sets and Functions
1 Sets:
Sets and their representations, Empty set, Finite and Infinite sets, Equal sets, Subsets,. Subsets of a set of real numbers, especially intervals (with notations). Power set. Universal set. Venn diagrams. Union and Intersection of sets. Difference of sets. Complement of a set. Properties of Complement.
2 Relations & Functions:
Ordered pairs. Cartesian product of sets. Number of elements in the Cartesian product of two finite sets. Cartesian product of the set of reals with itself (upto R x R x R).Definition of relation, pictorial diagrams, domain, co-domain and range of a relation. Function as a special type of relation. Pictorial representation of a function, domain, co-domain and range of a function. Real valued functions, domain and range of these functions, constant, identity, polynomial, rational, modulus, signum, exponential, logarithmic and greatest integer functions, with their graphs. Sum, difference, product and quotients of functions.
3 Trigonometric Functions:
Positive and negative angles. Measuring angles in radians and in degrees and conversion from one measure to another. Definition of trigonometric functions with the help of unit circle. Truth of the identity sin2x + cos2x = 1, for all x. Signs of trigonometric functions. Domain and range of trigonometric functions and their graphs. Expressing sin (x±y) and cos (x±y) in terms of sinx, siny, cosx & cosy and their simple applications. Deducing identities like the following:

Identities related to sin2x, cos2x, tan2 x, sin3x, cos3x and tan3x. General solution of trigonometric equations of the type sin y = sin a, cos y = cos a and tan y = tan a.
Unit 2: Algebra
1 Principle of Mathematical Induction:
Process of the proof by induction, motivating the application of the method by looking at natural numbers as the least inductive subset of real numbers. The principle of mathematical induction and simple applications.
2 Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations:
Need for complex numbers, especially √−1, to be motivated by inability to solve some of the quadratic equations. Algebraic properties of complex numbers. Argand plane and polar representation of complex numbers.Statement of Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, solution of quadratic equations (with real coefficients) in the complex number system. Square root of a complex number.
3 Linear Inequalities:
Linear inequalities. Algebraic solutions of linear inequalities in one variable and their representation on the number line. Graphical solution of linear inequalities in two variables. Graphical method of finding a solution of a system of linear inequalities in two variables.
4 Permutations and Combinations:
Fundamental principle of counting. Factorial n. (n!) Permutations and combinations, derivation of Formulae for npr and ncr and their connections, simple applications.
5 Binomial Theorem:
Historical perspective, statement and proof of the binomial theorem for positive integral indices. Pascal’s triangle, General and middle term in binomial expansion, simple applications.
6 Sequence and Series:
Sequence and Series. Arithmetic Progression (A. P.). Arithmetic Mean (A.M.) Geometric Progression (G.P.), general term of a G.P., sum of n terms of a G.P., infinite G.P. and its sum, geometric mean (G.M.), relation between A.M. and G.M. Formulae for the following special sums
Unit 3: Coordinate Geometry
1 Straight Lines:
Brief recall of two dimensional geometry from earlier classes. Shifting of origin. Slope of a line and angle between two lines. Various forms of equations of a line: parallel to axis, point -slope form, slope-intercept form, two-point form, intercept form and normal form. General equation of a line. Equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines. Distance of a point from a line.
2 Conic Sections:
Sections of a cone: circles, ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, a point, a straight line and a pair of intersecting lines as a degenerate case of a conic section. Standard equations and simple properties of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Standard equation of a circle.
3 Introduction to Three-dimensional Geometry:
Coordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensions. Coordinates of a point. Distance between two points and section formula.
Unit 4: Calculus
1 Limits and Derivatives:
Derivative introduced as rate of change both as that of distance function and geometrically. Intuitive idea of limit. Limits of polynomials and rational functions trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Definition of derivative relates it to scope of tangent of the curve, derivative of sum, difference, product and quotient of functions. Derivatives of polynomial and trigonometric functions.
Unit 5: Mathematical Reasoning
1 Mathematical Reasoning:
Mathematically acceptable statements. Connecting words/ phrases – consolidating the understanding of “if and only if (necessary and sufficient) condition”, “implies”, “and/or”, “implied by”, “and”, “or”, “there exists” and their use through variety of examples related to real life and Mathematics. Validating the statements involving the connecting words, difference among contradiction, converse and contrapositive
Unit 6: Statistics and Probability
1 Statistics:
Measures of Dispersion: Range, Mean deviation, variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data. Analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances.
2 Probability:
Random experiments; outcomes, sample spaces (set representation). Events; occurrence of events, ‘not’, ‘and’ and ‘or’ events, exhaustive events, mutually exclusive events, Axiomatic (set theoretic) probability, connections with other theories of earlier classes. Probability of an event, probability of ‘not’, ‘and’ and ‘or’ events.

Goa Board Class 11 Physics Syllabus

The syllabus for Physics is given below:

Chapter Number Chapter Name Topics
1 Physical World Physics-scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.
2 Units and Measurements Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures. Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications
3 Motion in a Straight Line Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non- uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity – time and position-time graphs. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
4 Motion in a Plane Scalar and vector quantities; position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors, relative velocity, Unit vector; resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector product of vectors. Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion, uniform circular motion.
5 Laws of Motion Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. (recapitulation only)
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road).
6 Work, Energy and Power Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces: motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
7 System of Particles and Rotational Motion Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod. Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum and its applications.
Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.
Moment of inertia, radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).
8 Gravitation Universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity (recapitulation only) and its variation with altitude and depth. Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity
of a satellite, Geo-stationary satellites.
9 Mechanical Properties of Solids Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus
10 Mechanical Properties of Fluids Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes), effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
11 Thermal Properties of Matter Heat, temperature,( recapitulation only) thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat capacity. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation (recapitulation only), thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law, Stefan’s law, Greenhouse effect.
12 Thermodynamics Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics), heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes.
13 Kinetic Theory Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equi-partition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of
mean free path, Avogadro’s number.
14 Oscillations Periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period. Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.
15 Waves Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of travelling wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes.

Goa Board Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus

The syllabus for Chemistry is given below:

Chapter. Number Chapter Name Topics
1 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry General Introduction: Importance and scope of Chemistry. Nature of matter, laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules. Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept and molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.
2 Structure of Atom Discovery of Electron, Proton and Neutron, atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Thomson’s model and its limitations. Rutherford’s model and its limitations, Bohr’s model and its limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.
3 Classification of Elements and Periodicity of Properties Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table, modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements -atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, Ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100.
4 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization, involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules(qualitative idea only), Hydrogen bond.
5 States of Matter Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charles law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro’s number, ideal gas equation. Deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature, kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), Liquid State- vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations)
6 Thermodynamics Concepts of System and types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. First law of thermodynamics -internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of U and H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. Second law of Thermodynamics (brief introduction) Introduction of entropy as a state function, Gibb’s energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous processes, criteria for equilibrium. Third law of thermodynamics (brief introduction).
7 Equilibrium Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of poly basic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solution, Henderson Equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples).
8 Redox Reactions Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions, in terms of loss and gain of electrons and change in oxidation number, applications of redox reactions.
9 Hydrogen Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, hydrides-ionic covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water,heavy water, hydrogen peroxide -preparation, reactions and structure and use; hydrogen as a fuel
10 s-Block Elements Group 1 and Group 2 Elements General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens, uses. Preparation and Properties of Some Important Compounds: Sodium Carbonate, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydrogen carbonate, Biological importance of Sodium and Potassium. Calcium Oxide and Calcium Carbonate and their industrial uses, biological importance of Magnesium and Calcium.
11 p-Block Elements General Introduction to p -Block Elements Group 13 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group, Boron – physical and chemical properties, some important compounds: Borax, Boric acid, Boron Hydrides, Aluminium: Reactions with acids and alkalis, uses. Group 14 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first elements. Carbon-catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties; uses of some important compounds: oxides. Important compounds of Silicon and a few uses: Silicon Tetrachloride, Silicones, Silicates and Zeolites, their uses.
12 Organic Chemistry-Some Basic Principles & Techniques General introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation. Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions, electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.
13 Hydrocarbons(Classification, Alkanes and Alkenes) Classification of Hydrocarbons Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism, conformation (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis. Alkenes – Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
14 Hydrocarbons(Alkynes,Aromatic and Toxicity & Carcinogenicity) Alkynes – Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene. Carcinogenicity and toxicity

Goa Board Class 11 Biology Syllabus

The syllabus and chapter wise marks for Biology is given below:

Unit Chapter Number Unit Names and Chapter Names
1 Diversity of Living Organisms
  1 The Living World
What is living? Biodiversity; Need for classification; taxonomy and systematics; concept of species and taxonomic hierarchy; binomial nomenclature; tools for study of taxonomy museums, zoological parks, herbaria, botanical gardens, keys for identification.
  2 Biological Classification
Five kingdom classification; Salient features and classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens, Viruses and Viroids.
  3 Plant Kingdom
Salient features and classification of plants into major groups – Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (salient and distinguishing features and a few examples of each category): Angiosperms – classification up to class, characteristic features and examples. Plant life cycles and alternation of generations
  4 Animal Kingdom
Basis of Classification; Salient features and classification of animals, non-chordates up to phyla level and chordates up to class level (salient features and distinguishing features of a few examples of each category). (No live animals or specimens should be displayed in school.)
2 Structural Organisation in Plants and Animals
  5 Morphology of Flowering Plants
Morphology and modifications: Morphology of different parts of flowering plants: root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed. Description of families: Fabaceae, Solanaceae and Liliaceae (to be dealt along with the relevant experiments of the Practical Syllabus).
  7 Structural Organisation in Animals
Animal tissues; Morphology, Anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect-cockroach (a brief account only).
3 Structure and Functions
  8 Cell: The Unit of Life
Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life, structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Plant cell and animal cell; cell envelope; cell membrane, cell wall; cell organelles – structure and function; endomembrane system- endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, plastids, microbodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); nucleus.
  9 Biomolecules
Chemical constituents of living cells: biomolecules, structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; concept of metabolism; Enzymes – properties, enzyme action, factors, classification, Co-factors
  10 Cell Cycle and Cell Division
Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance
4 Plant Physiology
  13 Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
Photosynthesis as a means of autotrophic nutrition; early experiments, site of photosynthesis, pigments involved in photosynthesis (elementary idea); photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration; C3 and C4 pathways; factors affecting photosynthesis
  14 Respiration in Plants
Exchange of gases; do plants breathe; cellular respiration – glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); energy relations – number of ATP molecules generated; amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotient.
  15 Plant – Growth and Development
Seed germination; characteristics, measurements and phases of plant growth, growth rate; conditions for growth; differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; sequence of developmental processes in a plant cell; growth regulators – auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; seed dormancy; vernalisation; photoperiodism.
5 Human Physiology
  17 Breathing and Exchange of Gases
Introduction to respiratory organs in animals; Respiratory system in humans; mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans – exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, respiratory volumes; disorders related to respiration – asthma, emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders
  18 Body Fluids and Circulation
Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; composition of lymph and its function; circulatory pathways; human circulatory system – Structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG; double circulation; regulation of cardiac activity; disorders of circulatory system – hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure.
  19 Excretory Products and Their Elimination
Modes of excretion – ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; human excretory system – structure and function; urine formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function – renin – angiotensin, atrial natriuretic factor, ADH, diabetes insipidus; micturition; role of other organs in excretion; disorders – uremia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney, kidney transplant.
  20 Locomotion and Movement
Types of movement – amoeboid, ciliary, flagellar, muscular; types of muscles; skeletal muscle, contractile proteins and muscle contraction; skeletal system and its functions; joints; disorders of muscular and skeletal systems – myasthenia gravis, tetany, muscular dystrophy, arthritis, osteoporosis, gout.
  21 Neural Control and Coordination
Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans – central nervous system and peripheral nervous system; generation, conduction and transmission of nerve impulse; reflex action; sensory perception; sense organs; elementary structure and functions of eye and ear.
  22 Chemical Coordination and Integration
Endocrine glands and hormones; human endocrine system – hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, thymus, adrenal, pancreas, gonads; hormones of heart, kidney and gastrointestinal tract; mechanism of hormone action (elementary idea); role of hormones as messengers and regulators, hypo – and hyperactivity and related disorders; dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease

Goa Board Class 11 English Syllabus

The syllabus for English is given below:

Section Competencies
Reading Comprehension Conceptual understanding, decoding, Analyzing, inferring, interpreting, appreciating, literary, conventions and vocabulary, summarizing and using appropriate format/s
Creative Writing Skills and Grammar Conceptual Understanding, application of rules, Analysis, Reasoning, appropriacy of style and tone, using appropriate format and fluency, inference, analysis, evaluation and creativity
Literature Textbooks and Supplementary Reading Text Recalling, reasoning, appreciating literary convention, inference, analysis, creativity with fluency
Assessment of Listening and Speaking Skills  

Goa Board Class 11 Exam Blueprint

The weightage of the distribution of marks for different sections of the question paper for various subjects is given below.

Goa Board Class 11 Biology Blueprint

Weightage to learning outcomes:

Serial Number Learning Outcomes Marks Percentage of Marks
1 Knowledge 08 40%
2 Understanding 06 30%
3 Application 04 20%
4 Skill 02 10%
Total 20 100%  

Weightage to forms of questions:

Serial Number Form of Questions Marks for each Questions No. of Questions Total Marks
1 Long Answer Type (LA)
2 Short Answer Type (SA-1) 03 02 06
3 Short Answer Type (SA-2) 02 05 10
4 Very Short Answer Type (VSA) 01 02(MCQ)+02 04
Total 11 20    

Course Structure for Biology:

Unit Number Unit Name Marks
1 Diversity of Living Organisms 12
2 Structural Organisation in Plants and Animals 12
3 Cell: Structure and Functions 12
4 Plant Physiology 17
5 Human Physiology 17
Total 70  

Goa Board Class 11 Chemistry Blueprint

Scheme of Examination and Marks Distribution:

Duration in Minutes 60
Maximum Marks 20
Number of Questions 11

Weightage to Objective:

Knowledge

30%

Understanding

40%

Skill

10%

Application

20%

Course Structure for Chemistry:

Unit Number

Unit Name

Marks

1

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

11

2

Structure of Atom

3

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

04

4

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

21

5

States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

6

Chemical Thermodynamics

7

Equilibrium

8

Redox Reactions

16

9

Hydrogen

10

s -Block Elements

11

Some p -Block Elements

12

Organic Chemistry: Some basic Principles and Techniques 

18

13

Hydrocarbons

14

Environmental Chemistry

Total

70

Goa Board Class 11 Physics Blueprint

Weightage to learning outcomes:

Serial Number

Learning Outcomes

Marks

Percentage of Marks 

1

Knowledge

05

25%

2

Understanding

10

50%

3

Application

05

25%

4

Skill

Total

20

100%

Weightage to forms of question:

Serial Number

Forms of Questions

Marks for each question

Number of questions

Total Marks

1

MCQ’s

01

02

02

2

Very Short Answer Type (VSA)

01

02

02

3

Short Answer Type (SA-I)

02

05

10

4

Short Answer Type (SA-II)

03

02

06

Weightage to Content/Chapter:

Serial Number

Chapter Name

Marks

1

Physical World

2

Units and Measurements

05

3

Motion in a Straight line

06

4

Motion in a Plane

09

5

Laws of Motion

05

6

Work, Energy and Power

06

7

Gravitation

06

8

Mechanical Properties of Solid

03

9

Mechanical Properties of Fluids

06

10

System of particles and Rotational Motion

06

11

Thermal properties of matter

04

12

Thermodynamics

04

13

Kinetic Theory

05

14

Oscillations

07

15

Waves

08

Total

80

Goa Board Class 11 Mathematics Blueprint

Revised Topics & Weightage of Marks:

Serial Number

Mid Term

First Term

Second Term

Chapter Names

Marks

Chapter Names

Marks

Chapter Names

Marks

1

Sets

05

Sets

07

Mathematical Induction

05

2

Relations and Functions

05

Relations and Functions

08

Binomial Theorem

12

3

Trigonometric Functions

10

Trigonometric Functions

15

Straight Lines

12

Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations

10

Conics

12

Permutations and Combinations

12

Introduction to Three Dimensional Geometry

08

Sequence and Series

11

Limits and Derivatives

12

Linear Inequalities

07

Statistics

07

Total

20

Total

70

Total

80

Course Structure for Mathematics:

Serial Number

Unit Names

Marks

1

Sets and Functions

23

2

Algebra

30

3

Coordinate Geometry

10

4

Calculus

05

5

Mathematical Reasoning

02

6

Statistics and Probability

10

Total

80

Question Paper Design for Mathematics:

Serial Number

Typology of Questions

Total Marks

1

Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers. Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas

44

2

Applying: Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way.

20

3

Analysing : Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations 

Evaluating: Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria. 

Creating: Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions

16

Total

80

The exam blueprint for the respective subject for the Class 11 Goa board is given below:

Subject

Blueprint PDFs

Accountancy

Goa Board Class 11 Accountancy Blueprint

Economics

Goa Board Class 11 Economics Blueprint

Business Studies

Goa Board Class 11 Business Studies Blueprint

History

Goa Board Class 11 History Blueprint

English

Goa Board Class 11 English Blueprint

Goa Board Class 11 Practicals/Experiments List

Goa Board Class 11 Biology Practicals/Experiments List

A. List of Experiments

  • Study and describe three locally available common flowering plants, one from each of the families Solanaceae, Fabaceae and Liliaceae (Poaceae, Asteraceae or Brassicaceae can be substituted in case of particular geographical location) including dissection and display of floral whorls, anther and ovary to show number of chambers (floral formulae and floral diagrams). Types of root (Tap and adventitious); types of stem (herbaceous and woody); leaf (arrangement, shape, venation, simple and compound).
  • Preparation and study of T.S. of dicot and monocot roots and stems (primary). 
  • Study of osmosis by potato osmometer
  • Study of plasmolysis in epidermal peels (e.g. Rhoeo/lily leaves or fleshy scale leaves of onion bulb).
  • Study of distribution of stomata in the upper and lower surfaces of leaves.
  • Comparative study of the rates of transpiration in the upper and lower surface of leaves.
  • Test for the presence of sugar, starch, proteins and fats in suitable plant and animal materials. 
  • Separation of plant pigments through paper chromatography.
  • Study of the rate of respiration in flower buds/leaf tissue and germinating seeds.
  • Test for presence of urea in urine.
  • Test for presence of sugar in urine.
  • Test for presence of albumin in urine.
  • Test for presence of bile salts in urine.

B. Careful observation of the following (spotting):

  • Parts of a compound microscope.
  • Specimens/slides/models and identification with reasons – Bacteria, Oscillatoria, Spirogyra, Rhizopus, mushroom, yeast, liverwort, moss, fern, pine, one monocotyledonous plant, one dicotyledonous plant and one lichen.
  • Virtual specimens/slides/models and identifying features of – Amoeba, Hydra, liver fluke, Ascaris, leech, earthworm, prawn, silkworm, honeybee, snail, starfish, shark, rohu, frog, lizard, pigeon and rabbit. 
  • Tissues and diversity in shape and size of plant cells (palisade cells, guard cells, parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma, xylem and phloem) through temporary and permanent slides.
  • Tissues and diversity in shape and size of animal cells (squamous epithelium, smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscle fibers and mammalian blood smear) through temporary/permanent slides.
  • Mitosis in onion root tip cells and animals cells (grasshopper) from permanent slides
  • Different modifications in roots, stems and leaves.
  • Different types of inflorescence (cymose and racemose)
  • Human skeleton and different types of joints with the help of virtual images/models only.

Goa Board Class 11 Chemistry Practicals/Experiments List

Below is the list of experiments for Chemistry:

Evaluation Scheme for Examination Marks
Volumetric Analysis 08
Salt Analysis 08
Content Based Experiment 06
Project Work 04
Class record and viva 04
Total 30

Micro-chemical methods are available for several of the practical experiments, wherever possible such techniques should be used.

A. Basic Laboratory Techniques

  • Cutting glass tube and glass rod
  • Bending a glass tube
  • Drawing out a glass jet
  • Boring a cork

B. Characterisation and Purification of Chemical Substances

  • Determination of melting point of an organic compound
  • Determination of boiling point of an organic compound
  • Crystallisation of impure sample of any one of the following: Alum, Copper Sulphate, Benzoic Acid

C. Experiments based on pH

1. Any one of the following experiments:

  • Determination of pH of some solutions obtained from fruit juices, solution of known and varied concentrations of acids, bases and salts using pH paper or universal indicator.
  • Comparing the pH of solutions of strong and weak acids of same concentration.
  • Study the pH change in the titration of a strong base using universal indicator

2. Study the pH change by common-ion in case of weak acids and weak bases.

D. Chemical Equilibrium

One of the following experiments:

  • Study the shift in equilibrium between ferric ions and thiocyanate ions by increasing/decreasing the concentration of either of the ions.
  • Study the shift in equilibrium between [Co(H2O)6] 2+ and chloride ions by changing the concentration of either of the ions.

E. Quantitative Estimation

  • Using a mechanical balance/electronic balance
  • Preparation of standard solution of Oxalic acid.
  • Determination of strength of a given solution of Sodium hydroxide by titrating it against standard solution of Oxalic acid.
  • Preparation of standard solution of Sodium carbonate
  • Determination of strength of a given solution of hydrochloric acid by titrating it against standard Sodium Carbonate solution.

F. Qualitative Analysis

  • Determination of one anion and one cation in a given salt Cations- Pb2+, Cu2+, As3+, Al3+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Co2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4 + Anions – (CO3) 2- , S2- , NO2 – , SO3 2- , SO2- 4, NO3 – , Cl- , Br- , I- , PO4 3- , C2O 2- 4, CH3COO- (Note: Insoluble salts excluded)
  • Detection of -Nitrogen, Sulphur, Chlorine in organic compounds. 
  • Projects:

Scientific investigations involving laboratory testing and collecting information from other sources.

A few suggested projects

  • Checking the bacterial contamination in drinking water by testing sulphide ions.
  • Study of the methods of purification of water.
  • Testing the hardness, presence of Iron, Fluoride, Chloride, etc., depending upon the regional variation in drinking water and study of causes of presence of these ions above permissible limit (if any). Investigation of the foaming capacity of different washing soaps and the effect of addition of Sodium carbonate on it.
  • Study the acidity of different samples of tea leaves.
  • Determination of the rate of evaporation of different liquids
  • Study the effect of acids and bases on the tensile strength of fibers.
  • Study of acidity of fruit and vegetable juices.

Goa Board Class 11 Physics Practicals/Experiments List

The record, to be submitted by the students, at the time of their annual examination, has to include:

  • Record of at least 12 Experiments [with 6 from each section], to be performed by the students. 
  • Record of at least 6 Activities [with 3 each from section A and section B], to be performed by the students. 
  • Report of the project to be carried out by the students.
Evaluation Scheme Marks
Two experiments one from each section 7+7
Practical record (experiment and activities) 5
One activity from any section 3
Investigatory Project 3
Viva on experiments, activities and project 5
Total 30

Section–A:

  • To measure diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body and to measure internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier Callipers and hence find its volume.
  • To measure diameter of a given wire and thickness of a given sheet using screw gauge.
  • To determine volume of an irregular lamina using screw gauge.
  • To determine the radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer. 
  • To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam balance.
  • To find the weight of a given body using the parallelogram law of vectors. 
  • Using a simple pendulum, plot its L-T2 graph and use it to find the effective length of second’s pendulum.
  • To study variation of time period of a simple pendulum of a given length by taking
  • Bobs of the same size but different masses and interpret the result. 
  • To study the relationship between force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the co- efficiency of friction between a block and a horizontal surface. 
  • To find the downward force, along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to the gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination θ by plotting a graph between force and sin θ.

Section–B:

  • To determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire.
  • To find the force constant of a helical spring by plotting a graph between load and extension.
  • To study the variation in volume with pressure for a sample of air at constant temperature by plotting graphs between P and V, and between P and 1/V.
  • To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method.
  • To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
  • To study the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time by plotting a cooling curve.
  • To determine specific heat capacity of a given solid by method of mixtures.
  • To study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using a sonometer.
  • To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using a sonometer.
  • To find the speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube by two resonance positions.

Goa Board Class 11 Preparation Tips

Study Plan to Maximise Score

Students must prepare properly and efficiently in order to achieve excellent exam scores, and they must use some solid preparation ideas to do so. These guidelines should be followed by students to gain a better grasp of how to begin exam preparations and finish the syllabus on time. So, to assist you, we at Embibe have compiled some preparation recommendations, which are listed below:

  • Learn Basic Concepts
    The first and most crucial suggestion is to grasp and memorise the fundamental concepts/formulae. This will assist you in preparing for your exams effectively. If you understand the fundamentals, you won’t need to memorise anything. The answer can then be easily written in your own words.
  • Revise Every Day
    The best treatment for excellent exam preparation is to make it a habit to revise every day. It will assist you in remembering the summary of themes for a long period. To do well in the exam, you only need to revise for half an hour on a daily basis.
  • Prioritise Topics (difficulty-level wise)
    You can easily cover the syllabus in less time if you prioritise the chapters/topics according to their difficulty level. We recommend that you start with the chapters that are easiest for you and work your way up to the more difficult ones. This technique will assist you in gaining better comprehension of the topics while also giving you more time to revise afterwards.
  • Take Mock Tests
    Class 11’s curriculum builds the groundwork for Class 12. So, if you make it a practise to take fake tests on a regular basis, at least twice a week, that should be plenty. Mock tests are created using the most up-to-date syllabus and exam style. They provide you with a detailed description of the question paper. You can also analyse the topics you need to improve on by answering the questions supplied in the sample tests.
  • Practise Every Day
    You become flawless via practise! You must solve exercises every day when studying subjects like Mathematics or Physics. This will increase your problem-solving abilities as well as the correctness of your answers. You will be able to memorise and grasp the formulae and concepts more readily this way.
  • Solve Sample Question/ Previous Year Paper
    You can improve your exam performance by solving sample question papers or previous year question papers. It will provide you an overview of the types of questions that were asked, as well as the quantity of questions asked.
  • Make a Study Timetable
    It is critical to create and stick to a study schedule so that you can finish the entire syllabus fast and efficiently. A timeline will assist you in properly planning your studies. You can devote the same amount of time to each subject without skipping any crucial chapters or topics.

These suggestions will assist you in organising your study, completing the syllabus on time, and achieving high exam scores.

Goa Board Class 11 Exam Taking Strategy

You can follow the following strategy while taking your exam:

  • Before taking the exam, read the exam instructions carefully:
    Every exam question paper includes useful information. Those should be carefully read and not overlooked.
  • Before taking the exam, have a schedule in mind
    Students should estimate how much time they will have for each question on the exam. Enough time should be set aside for more difficult sections or sections with more marks and lengthy answers. Students must pace themselves in order to complete the test in the allotted time. A lot of time should not be squandered on a single question.
  • Look for hints
    Cues can sometimes be found in the questions themselves. If a question is not being answered, students should look for cues.
  • Try to answer all of the questions
    Even if students are short on time, it is critical that they attempt all of the questions. Step marking is used in the answers, so even if a question is only partially answered, some marks will be assigned to it. As a result, every question should be attempted.

Goa Board Class 11 Detailed Study Plan

Creating a schedule will assist you in balancing your study with other daily activities. Simply put, this is one of the most crucial things you can do to effectively manage your time and plan your day.

  • Make a timetable from the time you wake up until you go to bed, to help you wind down the day. Make a schedule of your daily activities and include your study time at regular intervals, dividing it up into different subjects. It’s a good idea to make a list of the subjects you want to study each day. Once you’ve studied each subject, keep checking or crossing it off your list.
  • While planning your study time is a good technique to come up with a study strategy for Class 11, it’s equally important to make sure you’re getting your everyday duties done on time. Don’t take on too many tasks in a single day. Each stream in Class 11 contains five subjects, so divide them evenly in a week and devote equal time to each. Don’t put too much strain on yourself; instead of picking hundreds of things at once, break them into 5-6 categories and study sensibly.
  • Along with studying, it is critical to have a peaceful and stress-free state of mind. Take a break from your routine once in a while and do something enjoyable. Spend time reading, journaling, going on a walk, listening to music, watching a movie, or doing anything else that will allow you to get your mind off the everyday burden of studying.
  • This is one of the most popular methods for studying effectively. Choose two subjects for the day and alternate between them (not more than twice). This activity will improve your capacity to grasp and recall information. Maintain a weekly rotation of courses and disciplines to avoid boredom and to maximise your efficiency in covering more material. Take a theoretical and a practical subject, for example, to help you concentrate better.
  • One of the most prevalent suggestions on how to study in Class 11 is to learn how to study smartly rather than cramming things. After completing the 10th grade, most students become perplexed after enrolling in a stream and being exposed to new subjects. Many students utilise ways to memorise information, but regardless of your major, you should not memorise subjects. The key to learning is to comprehend rather than memorise each subject. A well-understood topic will stick in your long-term memory. It will be easier for you to grasp a subject if you clear up your basic comprehension of it. Wherever you’re stuck, get assistance from your teachers.
  • Physical exercises are one of the most important aspects of your daily routine to include. It is critical to keep your mind and body busy by participating in a variety of physical activities in order to allow your body to breathe and flourish. Meditation is another option for students who want to improve their attention and concentration. Meditating for 30 minutes every day can help you improve your memory by 20%.

Goa Board Class 11 Recommended Chapters & Topics

Below are the important chapters subject wise for the respective subject based on the marks allotment.

Physics

Chapter Number and Chapter Name
Chapter–1: Physical World
Chapter–2: Units and Measurements
Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line
Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane
Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids
Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter
Chapter–12: Thermodynamics
Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory

Chemistry

Chapter Number Chapter Name
4 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
5 States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
6 Chemical Thermodynamics
7 Equilibrium
8 Redox Reactions
9 Hydrogen
10 s -Block Elements
11 Some p -Block Elements

Mathematics

Chapter Names
Trigonometric Functions
Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
Permutations and Combinations
Sequence and Series
Relations and Functions

Biology

Chapter Names
Plant Kingdom
Animal Kingdom
Cell: Unit of Life
Biomolecules
Cell Cycle and Cell Division

FAQs on Goa Board Class 11

Freaquently Asked Questions

Q.1: Will the Class 11th exam for 2022 be conducted in Goa?
Ans: The yearly exams for the 9th and 11th classes will be held by the Goa Board of Higher Secondary Education in the months of February and March 2022. As a result, the Goa Board Class XI Date Sheet is only likely to be given in the months of January and February in 2021-22.

Q.2: Is the Goa Board syllabus reduced?
Ans: Goa Board HSSC syllabus 2022 will be released by the Goa Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Examination (GBSHSE) in pdf form and is expected to be reduced for the academic year 2021 due to the pandemic.

Q.3: What is the official website of the Goa board?
Ans: The official website of the Goa board is gbshse.info.

Q.4: How can we get the Goa Board results?
Ans: Students can follow the steps below to check Goa Board results:

  • Step 1: Go to the Goa Board’s official website to learn more about the GBSHSE.
  • Step 2: On the home page, click on the Goa Board HSSC Result link.
  • Step 3: Fill in the required information and click on the submit button. Your outcome will be shown on the screen.

Q.5: Are schools reopening in Goa?
Ans: The state government’s new order has permitted schools to reopen, subject to the issuance of a separate standard operating procedure (SOP) by the education department.

Goa Board Class 11 List of Educational Institutes

About Exam

Below is the school list affiliated to the Goa Board for Class 11:

School/College Name Location
FR. Agnel Central School Pilar Goa
Green Meadows School Bardez, Goa
Government Higher Secondary School Mastimol, Canacona, Goa
Fr. Agnel Higher Secondary School Pilar, Goa
Guardian Angel Higher Secondary School Curchorem, Goa
Carmel Higher Secondary School Nuvem, Salcete, Goa
DCT’s Vasantrao Dempo Higher Secondary School Deendayal Integrated School Complex, Goa
D.M’s PVS Sarojini Madhusudan Khushe Higher Secondary School Mapusa, Bardez, Goa
Litera Primary Zee School Zuarinagar, Vasco, Goa

Goa Board Class 11 List of Future Exams

Similar

After Class 11, students are promoted to Class 12, which is one of the most important turning points in a student’s life.

Also, in Class 11, a student can attend the below mentioned competitive exams.

NTSE National Talent Search Examination
KVPY Kishore Vaigyanic Protsahan Yojana
HBBVS Dr. Homi Baba Balvaidnyanik Spardha
NSO National Science Olympiad
UCO Unified Cyber Olympiad
MTSE Maths Talent Search Exam
IMO International Mathematics Olympiad

Goa Board Class 11 Future Skills

Prediction

Data will be the one thing that comes out of every linked gadget. Developers and other IoT operators will need to be able to look at data and make sense of it, thus they will need to have the requisite abilities. Learn how to use popular analytic tools like SAS and R to become a Big Data expert. IoT recruiters look for professionals that can organise, analyse, and architect various data sources and have experience with Hadoop and Apache Spark.

The IoT industry’s success is primarily dependent on a slew of linked gadgets, each with its own user interface (UI). IoT players that can develop UI skills in visual design, metrics, analytics, wireframing, and prototyping will be in high demand.

With artificial intelligence (AI) exploding right before our eyes, the future of IoT will almost certainly see significant levels of AI integration, likely more than we can fathom. Investing in AI abilities and being able to apply them to IoT device development, pushing them to solve more complex decisions, makes one very valuable.

Goa Board Class 11 Career Skills

To be able to demonstrate your strengths and present you with options, you must have the ability to grow and manage your career. You have choices regarding where you work, who you work for, and what you do. These abilities are not optional. They are necessary.

As mentioned earlier, Classes 11 and 12 are the most important parts of one’s life. So, while studying the subjects, one must learn the below-mentioned skills to boost their CV or resume. Career Skills will assist you in realising your full potential, communicating the value you bring to the table, and ensuring that you have the ability to negotiate your pay.

  • Creativity
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Critical Thinking
  • Problem Solving
  • Public Speaking
  • Teamwork skills
  • Communication

Career Prospects

Which stream to choose after Class 12? This is the most pertinent question for all those who completed Class 12. Some students in their senior year of high school frequently ask, “What follows after 12th?” Thousands of students in India and throughout the world are inundated with these questions every year. They are unsure of their career prospects, work opportunities, and, most importantly, their passion or preference. The lack of understanding about the courses accessible in India and their professional potential, according to counsellors, is to be blamed. Following high school, students can pursue an adequate degree in science, commerce, or the arts.

Choosing a course should never be a simple decision for students; rather, it should be a compelling one. When choosing a course from the many options available in India after passing their 12th grade, students must consider their interests, motivation, and goals. Engineering, Architecture, Design, Law, Applied Science, Business Studies, Management, Behavioral and Social Sciences, Economics, Media, Humanities, and other important fields are among the options available to students.

The following is a list of courses in each of the three streams that can help students make an educated and outstanding post-secondary choice that is aligned with their interests and career aspirations.

Arts

Students who believe that choosing the Arts stream will provide them with less employment prospects than Science or Commerce will be surprised to learn that after completing 12th grade in the Arts, there is a list of courses that will provide you with excellent career opportunities.

  • BBA- Bachelor of Business Administration
  • BMS- Bachelor of Management Science
  • BFA- Bachelor of Fine Arts
  • BEM- Bachelor of Event Management
  • Integrated Law Course- BA + LL.B
  • BJMC- Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication
  • BFD- Bachelor of Fashion Designing
  • BSW- Bachelor of Social Work
  • BBS- Bachelor of Business Studies
  • BTTM- Bachelor of Travel and Tourism Management
  • Aviation Courses
  • B.Sc- Interior Design
  • B.Sc.- Hospitality and Hotel Administration
  • Bachelor of Design (B. Design)
  • Bachelor of Performing Arts
  • BA in History

Science

There are a multitude of undergraduate course alternatives accessible after completing 12th grade with a scientific programme. Engineering courses are available to students who are interested in technical study, while the remainder of the courses are given below.

  • BE/B.Tech- Bachelor of Technology
  • B.Arch- Bachelor of Architecture
  • BCA- Bachelor of Computer Applications
  • B.Sc.- Information Technology
  • B.Sc- Nursing
  • BPharma- Bachelor of Pharmacy
  • B.Sc- Interior Design
  • BDS- Bachelor of Dental Surgery
  • Animation, Graphics and Multimedia
  • B.Sc. – Nutrition & Dietetics
  • BPT- Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  • B.Sc- Applied Geology
  • BA/B.Sc. Liberal Arts
  • B.Sc.- Physics
  • B.Sc. Chemistry
  • B.Sc. Mathematics

Commerce

Students interested in learning about finance and management can enrol in the Commerce stream after tenth grade. Students who are interested in Mathematics but do not intend to pursue a career in Science can pursue business with Math as an optional course.

  • B.Com- Bachelor of Commerce
  • BBA- Bachelor of Business Administration
  • B.Com (Hons.)
  • BA (Hons.) in Economics
  • Integrated Law Program- B.Com LL.B.
  • Integrated Law Program- BBA LL.B

Master 11th Goa Board Concepts with 3D Videos