Ladakh Board Class 11

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  • Written by gnanambigai
  • Last Modified on 24-01-2023
  • Written by gnanambigai
  • Last Modified on 24-01-2023

Ladakh Board Class 11 Exam

About Exam

Previously a part of the Jammu & Kashmir education board (JKBOSE), the Ladakh board announced in March 2022 that they would now be affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). Ladakh was declared as a Union Territory in 2019. This move was made to increase the participation of students at national level examinations. The transition from JKBOSE to CBSE is still in progress and in the 2021-22 academic year, students of classes 10 and 12 appeared in the JKBOSE board exams as their enrollment had already been done.

Following the completion of this transition, CBSE will become the official examination authority of the Union Territory, which will include directly conducting the secondary (10th) and senior secondary (12th) level examinations. Moreover, the Ladakh board will also adopt the curriculum, syllabus and textbooks prescribed by CBSE.

Ladakh Board Class 11 Exam Summary

Refer to the table below to check the overview of the Ladakh Board Class 11 exam:

Particulars Details
Exam Ladakh Board Class 11
Conducting Authority Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE);
Previously J&K Board of School Education (JKBOSE)
Medium of Instruction English, Hindi
Mode of Examination Offline
Exam Level School Level
Exam Duration 3 hours
Streams Science, Commerce and Arts
Official Website dse.ladakh.gov.in

Ladakh Board Official Website

https://ladakh.nic.in/

Ladakh Board Class 11 Syllabus

Exam Syllabus

The detailed syllabus of Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology is given below:

Ladakh Board Class 11 Mathematics Syllabus

The Ladakh Board Class 11 Mathematics syllabus is given below: 

Term – I
Unit Chapters Topics
Set and Function Sets Sets and their representations. Empty set. Finite and Infinite sets. Equal sets. Subsets. Subsets of a set of real numbers, especially intervals (with notations). Power set. Universal set. Venn diagrams. Union and Intersection of sets.
Ordered pairs. Cartesian product of sets. Number of elements in the Cartesian product of two finite sets. Cartesian product of the set of reals with itself ( R x R only).Definition of relation, pictorial diagrams, domain, co-domain and range of a relation. Function as a special type of relation. Pictorial representation of a function, domain, co-domain and range of a function. Real valued functions, domain and range of these functions, constant, identity, polynomial, rational, modulus, signum, exponential, logarithmic and greatest integer functions, with their graphs.
Relations and Functions
Algebra Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations Need for complex numbers, especially√−1, to be motivated by inability to solve some of the quadratic equations. Algebraic properties of complex numbers. Argand plane. Statement of Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, solution of quadratic equations (with real coefficients) in the complex number system.
Sequence and Series. Arithmetic Progression (A. P.). Arithmetic Mean (A.M.) Geometric Progression (G.P.), general term of a G.P., sum of n terms of a G.P., infinite G.P. and its sum, geometric mean (G.M.), relation between A.M. and G.M.
Sequences and Series
Coordinate Geometry Straight Lines Brief recall of two dimensional geometry from earlier classes. Slope of a line and angle between two lines. Various forms of equations of a line: parallel to axis, point -slope form, slope-intercept form, two-point form, intercept form and normal form. General equation of a line. Distance of a point from a line
Calculus Limits Intuitive idea of limit. Limits of polynomials and rational functions trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions
Statistics and Probability Statistics Measures of Dispersion: Range, mean deviation, variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data.
Term – II
Set and Function Trigonometric Functions Positive and negative angles. Measuring angles in radians and in degrees and conversion from one measure to another. Definition of trigonometric functions with the help of unit circle. Truth of the identity sin2x + cos2x = 1, for all x. Signs of trigonometric functions. Domain and range of trigonometric functions and their graphs. Expressing sin (x±y) and cos (x±y) in terms of sinx, siny, cosx & cosy and their simple applications. Deducing identities like the following:
Algebra Linear Inequalities
Permutations and Combinations
Linear inequalities. Algebraic solutions of linear inequalities in one variable and their representation on the number line. Graphical solution of linear inequalities in two variables. Graphical method of finding a solution of a system of linear inequalities in two variables.
Fundamental principle of counting. Factorial n. (n!) Permutations and combinations, formula for nPr and nCr, simple applications.
Coordinate Geometry Conic Sections
Introduction to Three-dimensional Geometry
Sections of a cone: circles, ellipse, parabola, hyperbola. Standard equations and simple properties of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Standard equation of a circle.
Coordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensions. Coordinates of a point. Distance between two points and section formula.
Calculus Derivatives Derivative introduced as rate of change both as that of distance function and geometrically. Definition of Derivative, relate it to scope of tangent of the curve, derivative of sum, difference, product and quotient of functions. Derivatives of polynomial and trigonometric functions.
Statistics and Probability Probability Random experiments; outcomes, sample spaces (set representation). Events; occurrence of events, ‘not’, ‘and’ and ‘or’ events, exhaustive events, mutually exclusive events, Probability of an event, probability of ‘not’, ‘and’ and ‘or’ events.

Ladakh Board Class 11 Physics Syllabus

The Ladakh Board Class 11 Physics syllabus is given below:

Term – I
Units Chapters Topics
Unit–I Physical World and Measurement Physics-scope and excitement
Nature of physical laws
Physics, technology and society
Need for measurement
Units of measurement
Systems of units
SI units
Fundamental and
derived units
Length, mass and time measurements
Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments
Errors in measurement
Significant figures
Dimensions of physical quantities
Dimensional analysis and its applications.
  Chapter–1: Physical World
  Chapter–2: Units and Measurements
Unit-II Kinematics Frame of reference
Motion in a straight line
Position-time graph, speed and velocity.
Differentiation and integration for characterising motion, uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, evenly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs are all covered.
Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
Scalar and vector quantities
Position and displacement vectors
General vectors and their notations
Equality of vectors
Multiplication of vectors by a real number
Addition and
subtraction of vectors
Relative velocity, Unit vector
Resolution of a vector in a plane,
rectangular components
Scalar and Vector product of vectors.
  Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line
  Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane
Unit–III Laws of Motion Intuitive concept of force
Inertia
Newton’s first law of motion
Momentum and Newton’s second law of motion
Impulse
Newton’s third law of motion.
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
Equilibrium of concurrent forces
Static and kinetic friction
Laws of friction
Rolling friction
Lubrication
  Chapter–5: Laws of Motion
Unit–IV Work, Energy and Power Work done by a constant force and a variable force
Kinetic energy
Work-energy theorem
Power
Notion of potential energy
Potential energy of a spring
Conservative forces
Conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies)
Non-conservative forces
Motion in a vertical circle
Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions
  Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power
Unit–V Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body Centre of mass of a two-particle system
Momentum conservation and centre of mass motion.
Centre of mass of a rigid body
Centre of mass of a uniform rod
Moment of a force, torque
Angular momentum
Law of conservation of angular momentum and
its applications.
Equilibrium of rigid bodies
Rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion
Comparison
of linear and rotational motions
Moment of inertia
Radius of gyration
Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical
objects (no derivation).
Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.
  Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational
Motion
Unit-VI Gravitation Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, universal law of gravitation.
Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential
Escape velocity
Orbital velocity of a satellite
Geo-stationary satellites.
  Chapter–8: Gravitation
Term – II
Unit–VII Properties of Bulk Matter Elastic behaviour
Stress-strain relationship
Hooke’s law
Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity
Poisson’s ratio
Elastic energy
Pressure due to a fluid column
Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic
brakes)
Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
Heat, temperature
Thermal expansion
Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases
Anomalous expansion of water
Specific heat capacity
Cp, Cv – calorimetry
Change of state – latent heat capacity.
  Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids
  Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids
  Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter
Unit–VIII Thermodynamics Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics)
Heat, work and internal energy
First law of thermodynamics
Isothermal and adiabatic processes
Second law of thermodynamics
Reversible and irreversible processes
Heat engine and refrigerator
  Chapter–12: Thermodynamics
Unit–IX Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas.
Kinetic theory of gases
Assumptions
Concept of pressure
Kinetic interpretation of Temperature
rms speed of gas molecules
Degrees of freedom
Law of equi-partition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases
Concept of mean free path
Avogadro’s number.
  Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory
Unit–X Oscillations and Waves Periodic motion – time period
Frequency
Displacement as a function of time
Periodic functions
Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation
Phase
Oscillations of a loaded spring-restoring force and force constant.
Reflection of light
Spherical mirrors
Mirror formula
Refraction of light
Total internal reflection and its applications
Optical fibres
Refraction at spherical surfaces
Lenses
Thin lens formula
Lensmaker’s formula
Magnification
Power of a lens
Combination of thin lenses in contact
Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.
   
   

Ladakh Board Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus

The Ladakh Board Class 11 Chemistry syllabus is given below:

Term – I
Unit Topics
Unit 1: Some Fundamental Chemistry Concepts Introduction in General Chemistry’s importance and scope.
Chemical processes
Stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry
Atomic and molecular masses
Mole concept and molar mass
Percentage composition
Empirical and molecular formula
Chemical reactions and
Stoichiometry
Unit 2: Atomic Structure Bohr’s model and its limitations
Concept of shells and subshells
Dual nature of matter and light
De Broglie’s relationship
Heisenberg uncertainty principle
Concept of orbitals
Quantum numbers
Shapes of s, p, and d orbitals
Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle
Pauli’s exclusion principle, and Hund’s rule
Electronic configuration of atoms
Stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals
Electronic configuration of atoms
Unit 3: Elements’ Classification and Periodicity in Properties Periodic trends in element characteristics -atomic radii, Ionic radii, inert gas radii Ionisation enthalpy
Electrons gain enthalpy electronegativity
Valency Elements having an atomic number greater than 100 have a different nomenclature.
Unit 4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure Ionic bond
Covalent bond
Bond parameters
Lewis structure
Polar character of covalent bond
Covalent character of ionic bond
Valence bond theory
Resonance
Geometry of covalent molecules
VSEPR theory
Concept of hybridization
Involving s, p, and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules
Molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic
molecules(qualitative idea only)
Hydrogen bond
Unit 5: Redox Reaction Concepts of oxidation and reduction
Redox reactions
Oxidation number
Balancing redox reactions in terms of electron loss and gain, as well as oxidation number change.
Unit 6: Hydrogen Hydrogen’s position in the periodic table
Occurrence
Isotopes
Hydrides-ionic
Covalent and interstitial
Water’s physical and chemical properties
Heavy water
Hydrogen as a fuel
Unit 7: Organic Chemistry – Some Fundamental Principles and Techniques Organic compounds: a general introduction, classification, and IUPAC nomenclature
Inductive effect
Electromeric effect
Resonance
Hyperconjugation are all examples of electronic displacements in a covalent bond
Free radicals
Carbocations
Carbanions
Electrophiles and nucleophiles
Kinds of organic reactions: homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent link
Term – II
Unit 8: State of Matter: Gases and Liquids Intermolecular interactions
Forms of bonding, melting and boiling points
The function of gas laws in clarifying the notion of the
molecule are all discussed
Boyle’s law
Charles law
Gay Lussac’s law
Avogadro’s law
Ideal behaviour
Empirical derivation of the gas equation
Avogadro’s number
Ideal gas equation and departure from ideal behaviour are all terms used in the field of mathematics.
Unit 9: Chemical Thermodynamics System concepts and types
Surroundings
Work
Heat
Energy
Extensive and intensive qualities and state functions are all covered
Internal energy and enthalpy
Measuring U and H
Hess’s law of constant heat summation
Enthalpy of bond dissociation
Combustion
Formation
Atomization
Sublimation
Phase transition
Ionisation
Solution and dilution are all covered under the first law of thermodynamics
Thermodynamics’ second law (brief introduction)
Gibb’s energy change for spontaneous and nonspontaneous processes
Introduction of entropy as a state function
Thermodynamics’ third law (brief introduction)
Unit 10: Equilibrium Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes
Dynamic nature of equilibrium
Law of mass action
The equilibrium constant
Factors affecting equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s principle
Ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases
Strong and weak electrolytes
Degree of ionization
Ionization of polybasic acids
Acid strength
The concept of pH
Buffer solution
Solubility product
Common ion effect (with illustrative examples).
Unit 11: s-Block Group 1 and Group 2 Elements in Introduction
Electronic configuration
Occurrence
Anomalous properties of the first element of each group
Diagonal relationship
Trends in property variation (such as ionisation enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii)
Trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen
Water
Hydrogen and halogens and applications
Unit 12: Some p-Block Elements Introduction to p-Block Elements in General
Group 13 Elements: Overview, electronic configuration, occurrence, property fluctuation, oxidation states, chemical reactivity trends, anomalous features of the group’s founding element, Boron – physical and chemical properties.
Group 14 Elements: Overview, electronic configuration, occurrence, property variation, oxidation states, chemical reactivity trends, and anomalous behaviour of the initial elements. Allotropic structures, physical and chemical characteristics, carbon-catenation
Unit 13: Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbon classification
Aliphatic hydrocarbons (also known as aliphatic hydrocarbons) are a
Nomenclature, isomerism, conformation (only for ethane), physical properties, and chemical reactions of alkanes.
Alkenes–Nomenclature, double bond structure (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: hydrogen addition, halogen addition, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition
Alkynes–Nomenclature, triple bond structure (ethyne), physical features, techniques of synthesis, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides, and water
Introduction to aromatic hydrocarbons, IUPAC nomenclature, benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: electrophilic substitution process In monosubstituted benzene, nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation, and the directional influence of functional groups Toxicity and carcinogenicity.

Ladakh Board Class 11 Biology Syllabus

The Ladakh Board Class 11 Biology syllabus is given below:

Units Chapter Name
Term – I
Unit-I Diversity of Living Organisms Chapter-1: The Living World: What is living? Biodiversity; Need for classification; three domains of life; concept of species and taxonomic hierarchy; binomial nomenclature.
Chapter-2: Biological classification, five kingdom classification; Salient features and classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens, Viruses and Viroids.
Chapter-3: Plant kingdom, salient features and classification of plants into major groups – Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. (salient and distinguishing features and a few examples of each category).
Chapter-4: Animal kingdom, salient features and classification of animals, non-chordates up to phyla level and chordates up to class level (salient features and distinguishing features of a few examples of each category). (No live animals or specimens should be displayed.)
Unit-II Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants Chapter-5: Morphology of flowering plants, morphology of inflorescence and flower, description of 01 family: Solanaceae or Liliaceae (to be dealt along with the relevant experiments of the Practical Syllabus).
Chapter-7: Structural organization in animals, animal tissues.
Unit-III Cell: Structure and Function Chapter-8: Cell-The unit of life cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life, structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Plant cell and animal cell; cell envelope; cell membrane, cell wall; cell organelles – structure and function; endomembrane system, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles, mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); nucleus.
Chapter-9: Biomolecules, chemical constituents of living cells: biomolecules, structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes- types, properties, enzyme action.
Term – II
Unit-III Cell: Structure and Function Chapter-10: Cell cycle and cell division, cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance
Unit-IV Plant Physiology Chapter-13: Photosynthesis in higher plants, photosynthesis as a means of autotrophic nutrition; site of photosynthesis, pigments involved in photosynthesis (elementary idea); photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration; C3 and C4 pathways; factors affecting photosynthesis.
Chapter-14: Respiration in plants, exchange of gases; cellular respiration – glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); energy relations – number of ATP molecules generated; amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotient.
Chapter-15: Plant – Growth and development, growth regulators – auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA.
Unit-V Human Physiology Chapter-17: Breathing and exchange of gases, respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans – exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, respiratory volume; disorders related to respiration – asthma, emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders.
Chapter-18: Body fluids and circulation, composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; composition of lymph and its function; human circulatory system – Structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG; double circulation; regulation of cardiac activity; disorders of circulatory system – hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure.
Chapter-19: Excretory products and their elimination, modes of excretion – ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; human excretory system – structure and function; urine formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function – renin – angiotensin, atrial natriuretic factor, ADH and diabetes insipidus; role of other organs in excretion; disorders – uremia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney, kidney transplant.
Chapter-20: Locomotion and Movement
Skeletal muscle, contractile proteins and muscle contraction.
Chapter-21: Neural Control and Coordination
Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans – central nervous system; peripheral nervous
system and visceral nervous system; generation and conduction of nerve impulse.
Chapter-22: Chemical Coordination and Integration
Endocrine glands and hormones; human endocrine system – hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal,
thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads; mechanism of hormone action (elementary idea);
role of hormones as messengers and regulators, hypo – and hyperactivity and related disorders;
dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease.
Note: Diseases related to all the human physiological systems to be taught in brief.

Ladakh Board Class 11 Exam Blueprint

The details of the blueprint according to the marks allotted to each unit is given below:

Ladakh Board Class 11 Mathematics Blueprint

90 Minutes Max Marks: 40

Sl. No Unit Marks
I Sets and Functions 11
II Algebra 13
III Coordinate Geometry 6
IV Calculus 4
V Statistics and Probability 6
  Total 40
  Internal Assessment 10
  Grand Total 50
Sl. No Unit Marks
I Sets and Functions (Cont.) 8
II Algebra (Cont.) 11
III Coordinate Geometry (Cont.) 9
IV Calculus (Cont.) 6
V Statistics and Probability (Cont.) 6
  Total 40
  Internal Assessment 10
  Grand Total 50

Ladakh Board Class 11 Chemistry Blueprint

Unit Marks
Chapter-1: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
Chapter-2: Structure of Atom
11
Chapter-3: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 4
Chapter-4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 6
Chapter-5: Redox Reactions
Chapter-6: Hydrogen
5
Chapter-7: Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques 9
Total 35
Sl. No Units Marks
I
II
III
States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
Chemical Thermodynamics
Equilibrium
15
IV
V
s -Block Elements
Some p -Block Elements
11
VI Hydrocarbons 9
  TOTAL 35

Ladakh Board Class 11 Biology Blueprint

Unit Title Marks
1 Diversity of Living Organisms 15
2 Structural Organization in Plants and Animals 8
3 Cell: Structure and Function 15
4 Plant Physiology 15
5 Human Physiology 17
  Total 70

Biology Practicals

Evaluation Scheme Marks
One Major Experiment Part A (Experiment No. 1, 3) 5
One Minor Experiment Part A (Experiment No. 4, 5, 6) 4
Slide Preparation Part A (Experiment No. 2) 5
Spotting Part B 7
Practical Record + Viva Voce 4
Project Record + Viva Voce 5
Total 30

Ladakh Board Class 11 Physics Blueprint

Unit Title Marks
Unit–I Physical World and Measurement :
Chapter–1: Physical World
Chapter–2: Units and Measurements
20
Unit–II Kinematics:
Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line
Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane
Unit–III Laws of Motion
Chapter–5: Laws of Motion
Unit–IV Work, Energy and Power
Chapter–6: Work, Energy and Power
15
Unit–V The motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion
Unit–VI Gravitation
Chapter–8: Gravitation
Unit–VII Properties of Bulk Matter
Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids
Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter
23
Unit–VIII Thermodynamics
Chapter–12: Thermodynamics
Unit–IX The behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases
Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory
Unit–X Oscillations and Waves
Chapter–14: Oscillations
Chapter–15: Waves
12
  Total 70

Physics Practicals

Two experiments one from each section 8+8 Marks
Practical record (experiment and activities) 6 Marks
Investigatory Project 3 Marks
Viva on experiments, activities and project 5 Marks
Total 30 Marks

Ladakh Board Class 11 Practical/Experiments List

Ladakh Board Class 11 Physics Practical List

The list of projects/experiments which are supposed to be done in 11th grade Physics is given below:

  • Determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of a wire’s material.
    OR
  • Plotting a graph between load and extension to determine the force constant of a helical spring.
  • Plot graphs between P and V, as well as P and 1/V, to investigate the fluctuation in volume with pressure for a sample of air at a constant temperature.
  • The capillary rise method was used to calculate the surface tension of water.
    OR
  • By measuring the terminal velocity of a spherical body, the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid can be determined.
  • Plotting a cooling curve to investigate the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
  • Using the mixing approach, find the specific heat capacity of a given solid.
  • Using a sonometer, investigate the relationship between frequency and length of a given wire under continuous stress.
    OR
  • Using a sonometer, investigate the relationship between wire length and tension for a constant frequency.
  • Using a resonance tube and two resonance sites, determine the speed of sound in air at ambient temperature.

Ladakh Board Class 11 Biology Practical List

The list of projects/experiments which are supposed to be done in 11th grade Biology is given below:

  • Research and describe a common flowering plant found in your area, from any family: Dissection and display of floral whorls, anther, and ovary to indicate a number of chambers in Solanaceae or Liliaceae (Poaceae, Asteraceae, or Brassicaceae can be substituted in case of particular geographical area) (floral formulae and floral diagrams).
  • Analysis of stomata distribution on the upper and lower surfaces of leaves.
  • Plant pigment separation using paper chromatography.
  • Research on the rate of respiration in flower buds, leaf tissue, and seedlings.
  • Examine the urine for the presence of sugar.
  • Examine the urine for the presence of albumin.

Ladakh Board Class 11 Chemistry Practical List

The list of projects/experiments which are supposed to be done in 11th grade Chemistry is given below:

  • Sulphide ion testing is used to detect bacterial contamination in drinking water.
  • Water purification methods are being researched.
  • Testing the hardness, presence of iron, fluoride, chloride, and other ions in drinking water based on regional variation, and research into the causes of these ions being present above the permissible limit (if any).
  • The foaming capacity of various washing soaps was investigated, as well as the effect of adding sodium carbonate on it.
  • Investigate the acidity of various tea leaf samples.
  • The rate of evaporation of various liquids is determined.
  • Investigate the effect of acids and bases on fibre tensile strength.
  • The acidity of fruit and vegetable juices was investigated.

Ladakh Board Class 11 Preparation Tips

Study Plan to Maximise Score

Students who will be taking the Ladakh Board 11th exam in 2022 should read and follow the given preparation recommendations to ace the exam:

  • Examine the syllabus: The first and most important Ladakh Board 11th preparation tip is to go over the syllabus. Knowing the syllabus is the most important component of any exam preparation. So, first and foremost, properly review the curriculum. They should decide which topics they should research and rank them in order of significance. As a result, they’ll have a better idea of where to start their research, what subjects are essential to include, and other crucial elements. They should also review the Ladakh board 11th exam pattern to determine how each topic is weighted and plan accordingly.
  • Create a study program: Create and stick to a study schedule in order to study systematically. When organising your study schedule, divide your time between all subjects in a shuffled manner. To keep the mind busy, schedule time for hobbies and interests.  Examine the Ladakh board’s 11th grade exam schedule and construct a schedule that covers the entire curriculum at least two months before the tests. Then start revising to help you remember the topics.
  • Read recommended and relevant books: Once you’ve decided on the things to study, you should be able to grasp all of the themes from the recommended books. These books provide easy-to-understand information on a variety of topics. NCERT books are the most effective strategy to study for class 11 exams.  You can go on to other reference books after completing the prescribed volumes to practise with additional questions on specific themes.
  • Keep a separate notebook for each subject: Keeping a separate notebook for each subject is a good habit to develop because it allows you to jot down important points, chapter summaries, and your own responses to questions. These notebooks are excellent for reviewing and boosting your Ladakh Board 11th test marks.
  • Remove all doubts: As the proverb goes, “a little information is a dangerous thing.” So, if you have any questions about a subject, have them answered and learn the concepts. Leaving your doubts unresolved could result in a misunderstanding. You could talk to your topic instructors, seniors, or peers to clear up any doubts you have.
  • Maintain a happy attitude and a healthy lifestyle: “A healthy mind dwells in a healthy body,” says a popular and appropriate saying. As a result, stay in shape. You must have a nutritious, well-balanced meal and stay hydrated while studying by drinking water. You should do some mild workouts to maintain your mind and body in shape. Take a walk early in the morning to clear your mind.

Ladakh Board Class 11 Exam Taking Strategy

Before taking the Ladakh Board 11th exam, candidates should read the following guidelines:

  • Students should arrive at the exam centre at least 30 minutes before the exam begins.
  • Students are urged not to adopt unethical practices, as they will be instantly expelled from the exam room.
  • According to the Ladakh board 11th exam schedule 2022, students must have their own stationery because sharing is not permitted in the exam hall.
  • Students are not permitted to bring any electronic devices to the hall, such as calculators or cell phones.
  • It is important for students to understand that writing anything on the Ladakh board 11th exam hall ticket 2022 is prohibited, even with a pencil.

Ladakh Board Class 11 Detailed Study Plan

Physics, Chemistry, Math, and Biology in Class 11 are not the same as they were in Class 10. New chapters, topics, and themes are added in the Class 11 syllabus, with greater depth in each concept and topic. This implies that in order to succeed, one needs to have a thorough comprehension of the subject.

Furthermore, when compared to Class 10, Class 11 necessitates a far deeper comprehension of theories, visualisations, and other concepts. Exam questions are also no longer straightforward. Therefore, proper planning is required.

1. In physics, certain fundamental theories and concepts serve as the foundation for all other theories. As a result, the Ladakh board Physics syllabus for Class 11 should be considered seriously. 

  • Completely comprehend the chapters from beginning to end, without missing any concepts. Keep in mind that, among other things, you must be able to visualise the many methods, processes, and tests. This is crucial when it comes to physics.
  • Write down the essential points for each chapter in a separate notebook: definitions, concise descriptions, formulas, diagrams, equations, and so forth.
  • Learn how to approach difficulties in a systematic manner by studying the sample issues.
  • Answer the practice questions at the end of the chapter. Make a note of difficult questions so you can review/practice them later.

2. Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Inorganic Chemistry are the three areas of the Class 11 Chemistry syllabus. Organic chemistry is simpler than physical and inorganic chemistry since it involves more chemical processes.

  • Students must memorise a variety of formulas, reactions, equations, and other concepts. As you learn, jot down the equations, reactions, and formulas.
  • Make a collection of distinct terminology’ meanings, as well as concise descriptions of important processes, reactions, and experiments.
  • You’ll forget the reactions and equations if you don’t practise them on a regular basis.
  • Review the theories, formulas, reactions on a regular basis.

3. Mathematics is an important subject for engineering students. This subject demands the memorisation of a large number of formulas. However, memorising formulas without first understanding the theory underlying them is not recommended.

  • Consult other textbooks to learn about the idea underlying each subject and topic.
  • Make a list of each chapter’s formulas, making sure you understand them, what they mean, and how to use them.
  • Memorise the formulas in your head.
  • Analyse the issues’ solutions to discover how to resolve them.
  • Answer the questions at the conclusion of the chapter to complete the chapter. You will improve your math skills as you practise more.
  • As you practise, you’ll discover and acquire a variety of shortcuts and solutions for dealing with problems.

4. For medical students, Biology is essential. It’s a theory-based subject that requires you to remember a lot of diagrams, methods, scientific names, and so on.

  • You can read other 11th grade Biology books to get a better understanding of the various themes.
  • Important phrases, points, succinct descriptions, illustrations, flow charts, and scientific names, among other things, should all be written down. Then, in order to avoid forgetting, go over them frequently.

FAQs on Ladakh Board Class 11

Freaquently Asked Questions

Q.1: In Ladakh, who is in charge of administering higher secondary and senior secondary exams?
Ans:
The CBSE board has been given the responsibility for implementing higher secondary and senior secondary education and exams in the state. The CBSE board is linked with all of the schools in the state.

Q.2: What are the responsibilities and roles of the CBSE board in Ladakh?
Ans:
The CBSE board has complete control over the execution of secondary and senior secondary education in the state’s affiliated schools. The board’s responsibilities include managing the curriculum, providing textbooks, and administering tests in all Ladakh Board schools.

Q.3: Who administers Ladakh’s entrance exams?
Ans:
The Directorate of Technical Education conducts the Ladakh Common Entrance Test every year.

Q.4: In the Union Territory of Ladakh, what books are used in the classroom?
Ans:
Because books are a significant study resource and play a vital role in the educational system. It’s also worth noting that the schools are affiliated with ICSE, JKBOSE, or CBSE, which means they follow the NCERT and ICSE board of education’s simplified curriculum.

Q.5: How can I get the Ladhakh Board Class 11 admit card?
Ans:
Candidates can collect their admit cards from school within the last date.

Ladakh Board Class 11 List of Educational Institutes

About Exam

There are many of public and private elementary, middle, high, and higher secondary schools throughout Ladakh. In Ladakh, schools are operated by many boards like CBSE, JKBOSE, ICSE, and others, and 109 schools in the Union Territory are affiliated with JKBOSE.

Here is a list of some of the top schools in Ladakh.

S.no School Name and Address School Code
1 Govt. Higher Secondary School Turtuk. 50001
2 Govt. Higher Secondary School Bogdang (Nubra). 50002
3 Govt. Higher Secondary School Diskit (Nubra) 50003
4 Govt. Higher Secondary School Girls Leh. 50004
5 Govt. Higher Secondary School Boys Leh. 50005
6 Govt. Higher Secondary School Chuchot Shama. 50006
7 Govt. Higher Secondary School Sakti. 50007
8 Govt. Higher Secondary School Tangtse. 50008
9 Govt. Higher Secondary School Nyoma. 50009
10 Govt. Higher Secondary School Saspol. 50010
11 Govt. Higher Secondary School Temisgam. 50011
12 Govt. Higher Secondary School Khaltsi. 50012
13 Govt. Higher Secondary School Skurbuchan. 50013
14 Govt. High School Hunder (Nubra). 50014
15 Govt. High School Sumoor (Nubra). 50015
16 Govt. High School Panamik (Nubra) 50016
17 Govt. High School Chushut (Changthang). 50017
18 Govt. High School Chumathang. 50018
19 Govt. High School Liktsey. 50019
20 Govt. High School Igoo. 50020
21 Govt. High School Shara. 50021
22 Govt. High School Gai 50022
23 Govt. High School Thiksay. 50023
24 Govt. High School Shey. 50024
25 Govt. High School Chuchot Gongma. 50025
26 Govt. High School Matho. 50026
27 Govt. High School Stok. 50027
28 Govt. High School Phyang. 50028
29 Govt. High School Nimoo. 50029
30 Govt. High School Basgo. 50030
31 Govt. High School Tai. 50031
32 Govt. High School Wanla. 50032
33 Govt. High School Lamayuru. 50033
34 Govt. High School Domkhar. 50034
35 Govt. High School Bema. 50035
36 Govt. High School Hanu Yokma. 50036
37 Govt. High School Hemis Kupchan 50037
38 Govt. High School Liker. 50038
39 Imamia Mission School Chuchot. 50039
40 Sidhartha School Stok. 50040
41 Mahabodhi Residential School Saboo Dho. Leh. 50041
42 Imamia Model School Leh. 50042
43 Islamia Public School Leh. 50043

Ladakh Board Class 11 List of Future Exams

Similar

Class 11 is one of the preparatory phases for most continuing education courses. The syllabus and preparation for Class 11 would let students pass a number of national-level exams and enrol in a variety of courses for future progress.
Let's have a look at the several national competitive examinations that are accessible after Class 11:

Stream Exam
Engineering Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main
JEE Advanced
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) entrance exam
COMED-K
IPU-CET (B. Tech)
Manipal (B. Tech)
VITEEE
AMU (B. Tech)
NDA Entrance with PCM (MPC)
Medical National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET)
AIIMS
JIPMER
Defence Services Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test
Indian Navy B.Tech Entry Scheme
Indian Army Technical Entry Scheme (TES) ·
National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (I)
Fashion and Design National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) Entrance Test
National Institute of Design Admissions
All India Entrance Examination for Design (AIEED)
Symbiosis Institute of Design Exam
Footwear Design and Development Institute
Maeer’s MIT Institute of Design
National Institute of Fashion Design
National Aptitude Test in Architecture
Center for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT)
Social Sciences Banaras Hindu University
IIT Madras Humanities and Social Sciences Entrance Examination (HSEE)
TISS Bachelors Admission Test (TISS-BAT)
Law Common-Law Admission Test
All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)
Science Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY)
National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)
Mathematics Indian Statistical Institute Admission
Admissions to Universities
Various B.Sc Programs
Banasthali Vidyapith Admission

Ladakh Board Class 11 Future Skills

Prediction

Coding

Coding is a computer programming language that is used to construct software, websites, and applications. If it weren’t for it, we wouldn’t have Facebook, cellphones, the browser we have been using to read our favourite blogs, or even the websites themselves. Code is in charge of everything. Once you’ve mastered the fundamental languages, learning new coding methodologies is rather simple. Several programming languages use similar methodologies to design and debug computer applications.

Although each coding language has its own vocabulary and features, there is considerable overlap. There are just about a dozen programming languages that are extensively used. Among them are Ruby, Swift, JavaScript, Cobol, Objective-C, Visual Basic, and Perl. Let’s have a look at some of the most common programming languages that beginners should be aware of.

  • HTML (hypertext markup language) – HTML (hypertext markup language) is the industry standard for creating web pages that show electronic data. 
  • Sun Microsystems created Java as an object-oriented programming language in 1995. Java commands are used to create single-machine or full-server programmes, as well as simple online applets. Java is a widely-used programming language for mobile apps and video games, especially on Android devices.
  • Python is a software development language. Python has an easy-to-understand, English-like syntax for scripting back-end processes in high-performance programmes, user interfaces, and operating systems. Many systems, like Google and NASA’s Integrated Planning System, employ Python.
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) – CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a scripting language for defining a website’s style. CSS tells internet browsers how to display a website’s layout, background colour, font size, cursor shape, and other elements. 
  • The C programming language is used to create the UNIX operating system. With only 32 keywords, C is the simplest programming language for scripting embedded devices, network drivers, and artificial intelligence. 
  • C++ is an object-oriented programming language based on C that enables you to do higher-level computer functions. Bjarne Stroustrup designed C++ in 1983 as a programming language that organises and stores data in bundles, allowing for more complex programmes. C++ is utilised to speed up processing in Adobe, Microsoft Office, Amazon, and Mozilla products.
  • PHP (hypertext processor) is a web development computer language. By integrating server programming and HTML, PHP is widely used to create dynamic website content. 
  • SQL (structured query language) is a domain-specific programming language that allows data to be streamed into a database. The majority of businesses rely on SQL to load, retrieve, and analyse data stored on their servers.

Here are a few high-demand jobs that look for individuals who can code.

  • Database Administrator
  • Web Developer 
  • Analyst in Information Security 
  • Applications Developer
  • Health Informatics Specialist 
  • Instructional Designer
  • Digital Marketing Manager 

DIY (Do it yourself)

DIY (do-it-yourself) is a project-based, activity-based learning method. Topics such as English and Hindi can be taught through play, while social science issues can be taught through conversation, surveys, and fieldwork. Experiments, field studies, and other methods can be used to learn science. Some mathematics disciplines, such as profit and loss, area measurement, and so on, should be taught to students through activities. Embibe App has DIY activities for every grade, subject, and chapter to make learning fun and meaningful.

The following DIY skills should be mastered by students:

  • Windmill Water Pump 
  • Homemade Solar Water Heater 
  • Wireless Electricity Transfer Project
  • Build Your Own Telescope

IoT

In a word, the Internet of Things is the concept of connecting any gadget to the Internet and other connected devices (as long as it has an on/off switch). The Internet of Things (IoT) is a huge network of connected things and people that collect and share data about their use and the environment around them.

People may use the internet of things to live and work smarter and achieve complete control over their lives. The Internet of Things is critical to business in addition to supplying smart gadgets to automate households. Businesses may get a real-time view of how their systems work thanks to the Internet of Things, which delivers data on anything from machine performance to supply chain and logistical operations.

Businesses may use the Internet of Things to automate operations and save money on human resources. It also reduces waste and enhances service delivery by lowering production and shipping costs and enhancing transparency in consumer transactions.

As a result, the Internet of Things has emerged as one of the most crucial technologies in contemporary life. As more organisations recognise the need of connected devices in staying competitive, it will gain popularity.

Ladakh Board Class 11 Career Skills

The abilities you have that enable you to do your job and manage your career are known as career skills. These are in addition to the abilities and technical knowledge required to perform the tasks of your career.
The following are some of the job skills taught in the curriculum that will help each student succeed in the future:

  • Retail
  • Information Technology
  • Security
  • Automotive
  • Introduction to Financial Markets
  • Introduction to Tourism
  • Beauty and Wellness
  • Agriculture
  • Food Production
  • Front Office Operations
  • Banking and Insurance
  • Marketing and Sales
  • Healthcare
  • Apparel
  • Multimedia
  • Multi Skill Foundation
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Physical Activity Trainer
  • Data Scientist
  • School Teacher
  • Assistant Professor
  • Analyst
  • Statistician
  • Architect
  • Law
  • Actuarial Science
  • Defense

Career Prospects After Ladakh Board Class 11

Despite the fact that the Class 11 test does not result in a direct job decision, students should be informed about career alternatives in order to further their research in their selected field. Students can pursue their interests in science, commerce, the arts, fine arts, and other professions after Class 11. A student must pass scientific and competitive tests such as NEET, JEE, and others if they want to pursue a profession in medicine or engineering. Students can also apply for CA, CS, FCA, and other business-related positions. Students who want to work in journalism, law, fine arts, etc should study in the arts or humanities stream.

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