Kerala Board Class 11

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  • Written by Harshitha A
  • Last Modified on 17-01-2023
  • Written by Harshitha A
  • Last Modified on 17-01-2023

Kerala Board Class 11 Exam

About Exam

Kerala Higher Secondary Education Board was formed in 1990 to reorganise secondary and collegiate education in Kerala. The board offers courses in popular streams like Science, Humanities, and Commerce and conducts Higher Secondary Examination. The board conducts the 11th and 12th board exams every year in the month of March. The Class 11 Kerala board examinations are monitored by the Kerala Higher Secondary Education Board. There are mainly three streams available in first-year higher secondary education in the Kerala board.

DHSE has declared the Kerala Board Plus One result 2022 on August 17, 2022, on its official website. Students can check their results by entering their roll number and date of birth. The exams were conducted from March 30, 2022, to April 22, 2022. The results of the first year higher secondary examination will be carried over to the second year, and the combined Kerala results of the first and second-year examinations, as well as the grades received, will determine the candidate’s eligibility for higher education.

Kerala Board Class 11 Brochure

The brochure for the Kerala Class 11 board examination can be obtained from the link given below:

11th Kerala Board Examination Brochure

Kerala Board Class 11 Exam Summary

The Directorate of Higher Secondary Education, DHSE Kerala, will issue the Kerala Plus One Timetable 2022. After the approval from the Supreme Court of India to hold DHSE +1 exams in an offline mode, the Kerala Class 11 Timetable 2022 will be announced soon. Different instructions will be released for topics with practical exams and subjects without practicals.

The Kerala Board Class 11 exams are scheduled to be conducted from March 30, 2022. Before diving into the details of Kerala board class 11 exams, let us have a brief overview of the Kerala board:

Board Name Kerala Board of Higher Secondary Education
Exam Level Class 11
Conducting Authority Kerala Pareeksha Bhavan
Exam Name Kerala Board Class 11 exams
Mode Of Exam Offline/Pen-Paper
Duration Of Exam 2-2.5 hours
Mode Of Results Online
Appearing Students 4,47,461
No. Of Centres 3000+ across Kerala State
Qualifying Criteria D+ or more grade, and a minimum of 30% in TE
Official Website


Kerala Board Class 11 Website Link

Kerala Board Class 11 Latest Updates


  • September 19, 2022: DHSE has released the Kerala Plus One equivalency exam results.
  • September 2, 2022: Students can apply for Kerala Plus One supplementary exams till September 5, 2022.
  • September 2, 2022: The Kerala Plus One supplementary exams will take place from October 25, 2022 to October 29, 2022.
  • September 2, 2022: The last date to submit the application form for Kerala Plus One supplementary exam with fine is September 13, 2022 and September 15, 2022.

Kerala Board Class 11 Exam Pattern

Exam Pattern

Kerala Board Class 11 Scoring Pattern

The table below shows the duration, and total marks for terminal evaluation for each of the subjects for the Class 11 Kerala board examination:


Duration (in hrs)

Total marks











 (Botany and Zoology)



Computer Science












Political Science









Kerala Board Class 11 Exam Pattern Details - Total Time

The timings for the examinations differ based on whether they have practicals or not. The table below gives the timings of the subjects with and without practicals including the cool-off time. 

Subjects without Practicals 9:40 AM TO 12:30 PM (IST) including Cool-off Time of 20 Minutes
Subjects with Practicals (except for Biology & Music) 9:40 AM To 12:00 PM (IST) including 20 minutes Cool-off Time
Biology 9:40 AM to 12:05 PM [IST] Including Cool-off Time [25 Minutes i.e., 10 Minutes each for Botany & Zoology and 5 Minutes Preparatory time for [Zoology]
Music 9:40 AM TO 11:30 AM [IST] including Cool-off Time (20 Minutes

Kerala Board Class 11 Exam Calendar

Kerala Board Class 11 Exam Time Table 2022

Below we have provided the Kerala board Class 11 exam date sheet for your reference.








Electronic Service Technology (Old)
Electronic Systems




Islamic History & Culture
Business Studies
Communicative English




Part III Languages
Sanskrit Sastra




Part II Languages
Computer Information Technology (Old)
Computer Science And Information Technology




Social Work




Political Science
Sanskrit Sahitya
Computer Application
English Literature




Part I English








Home Science
Gandhian Studies
Computer Science


Steps to Download Kerala Board Class 11 Timetable

Below we have provided simple-to-follow steps to download Kerala Board Class 11 timetable for your reference:

  • Step 1: Go to the official website of DHSE, Kerala,
  • Step 2: On the home page, search for ‘Circulars/Notifications’ sections.
  • Step 3: In this section, click on the ‘examination’ section and then click on ‘Kerala Class 11 time table 2022.’
  • Step 4: The Kerala Board Class 11 timetable will be available in PDF format. Students can download and save the timetable for future use.


Kerala Board Class 11 Syllabus

Exam Syllabus

The Kerala Board Class 11 syllabus provides details of the topics covered in the board examination. Below we have provided Kerala board Class 12 syllabus:

Kerala Board Class 11 Maths Syllabus

Math is a discipline that involves understanding and practising problems. The Kerala state plus one Maths syllabus is as follows:

Chapter Number Chapter Name Topics
1 Sets
  • Sets and Their Representations
  • Empty Set
  • Finite and Infinite Sets
  • Equal Sets
  • Subsets
  • Subsets of a set of real numbers especially intervals (with notations)
  • Power Set
  • Universal Set
  • Venn Diagrams
  • Union and Intersection of Sets
  • Difference of Sets
  • Complement of a Set
2 Relations And Functions
  • Ordered pairs and Cartesian product of sets
  • Number of elements in the cartesian product of two finite sets
  • Cartesian product of the sets of real (up to R × R)
  • Definition of −
  • Relation
  • Pictorial diagrams
  • Domain, Co-domain and Range of a relation
  • Function as a special kind of relation from one set to another
  • Pictorial representation of a function, domain, co-domain and range of a function
  • Real valued functions, domain and range of these functions −
  • Constant
  • Identity
  • Polynomial
  • Rational
  • Modulus
  • Signum
  • Exponential
  • Logarithmic
  • Greatest integer functions (with their graphs)
  • Sum, difference, product and quotients of functions
3 Trigonometric Functions
  • Introduction to Trigonometric Functions
  • Positive and negative angles
  • Measuring angles in radians and in degrees and conversion of one into other
  • Definition of trigonometric functions with the help of unit circle
  • Truth of the sin2x + cos2x = 1, for all x
  • Signs of trigonometric functions
  • Domain and range of trigonometric functions
  • Graphs of Trigonometric Functions
  • Expressing sin (x±y) and cos (x±y) in terms of sinx, siny, cosx & cosy and their simple application
  • Identities related to sin 2x, cos2x, tan 2x, sin3x, cos3x and tan3x
  • General solution of trigonometric equations of the type sin y = sin a, cos y = cos a and tan y = tan a
4 Principle Of Mathematical Induction
  • Introduction to Principle of Mathematical Induction
  • Process of the proof by induction −
  • Motivating the application of the method by looking at natural numbers as the least inductive subset of real numbers
  • The principle of mathematical induction and simple applications
5 Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
  • Need for complex numbers, especially √1, to be motivated by inability to solve some of the quadratic equations
  • Algebraic properties of complex numbers
  • Argand plane and polar representation of complex numbers
  • Statement of Fundamental Theorem of Algebra
  • Solution of quadratic equations in the complex number system
  • Square root of a complex number
6 Linear Inequalities
  • Introduction to Linear inequalities
  • Algebraic solutions of linear inequalities in one variable and their representation on the number line
  • Graphical solution of linear inequalities in two variables
  • Graphical solution of system of linear inequalities in two variables
7 Permutations And Combinations
  • Introduction to Permutations and Combinations
  • Fundamental principle of counting
  • Factorial n
  • (n!) Permutations and combinations
  • Derivation of formulae and their connections
  • Simple applications
8 Binomial Theorem
  • History
  • Statement and proof of the binomial theorem for positive integral indices
  • Pascal’s triangle
  • General and middle term in binomial expansion
  • Simple applications
9 Sequences And Series
  • Sequence and Series
  • Arithmetic Progression (A.P.)
  • Arithmetic Mean (A.M.)
  • Geometric Progression (G.P.)
  • Arithmetic and Geometric series infinite G.P. and its sum
  • Geometric mean (G.M.)
  • Relation between A.M. and G.M.
10 Straight Lines
  • Introduction to Straight Lines
  • Brief recall of two dimensional geometries from earlier classes
  • Shifting of origin
  • Slope of a line and angle between two lines
  • Various forms of equations of a line −
  • Parallel to axis
  • Point-slope form
  • Slope-intercept form
  • Two-point form
  • Intercept form
  • Normal form
  • General equation of a line
  • Equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines
  • Distance of a point from a line
11 Conic Sections
  • Sections of a cone −
  • Circles
  • Ellipse
  • Parabola
  • Hyperbola − a point, a straight line and a pair of intersecting lines as a degenerated case of a conic section.
  • Standard equations and simple properties of −
  • Parabola
  • Ellipse
  • Hyperbola
  • Standard equation of a circle
12 Introduction To Three-Dimensional Geometry
  • Three–dimensional Geometry
  • Coordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensions
  • Coordinates of a point
  • Distance between two points
  • Section Formula
13 Limits And Derivatives
  • Limits
  • Derivatives
  • Limits of the trigonometric functions
  • Algebra of the derivative of the function
14 Mathematical Reasoning
  • Introduction to Mathematical Reasoning
  • Mathematically acceptable statements
  • Connecting words/ phrases
  • Validating the statements involving the connecting words difference between contradiction, converse and contrapositive
15 Statistics
  • Introduction to Statistics
  • Measures of dispersion −
  • Range
  • Mean deviation
  • Variance
  • Standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data
  • Analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances.
16 Probability
  • Probability Introduction
  • Random experiments −
  • Outcomes
  • Sample spaces (set representation)
  • Types of Events
  • Occurrence of events, ‘not’, ‘and’ and ‘or’ events
  • Exhaustive events
  • Mutually exclusive events
  • Axiomatic (set theoretic) probability
  • Connections with the theories of earlier classes
  • Probability of An event
  • Probability of ‘not’, ‘and’ and ‘or’ events

Kerala Board Class 11 Physics Syllabus

Physics is a difficult subject that demands conceptual clarity and mastery of key concepts. As a result, students should plan their studies in the academic year very well if they intend to take competitive exams. The Physics syllabus is as follows:

Chapter Number Chapter Name Topics
1. Physical World
  • What is physics?
  • Scope and excitement of physics
  • Physics, technology and society
  • Fundamental forces in nature
  • Nature of physical laws
2. Units and Measurement
  • Introduction to units and measurements
  • The international system of units
  • Measurement of length
  • Measurement of mass
  • Measurement of time
  • Accuracy, precision of instruments and errors in measurement
  • Significant figures
  • Dimensions of physical quantities
  • Dimensional formulae and dimensional equations
  • Dimensional analysis and its applications
3. Motion in A Straight Line
  • Introduction to motion in a straight line
  • Position, path length and displacement
  • Average velocity and average speed
  • Instantaneous velocity and speed
  • Acceleration
  • Kinematic equations for uniformly accelerated motion
  • Relative velocity
4. Motion in A Plane
  • Introduction to motion in a plane
  • Scalars and vectors
  • Multiplication of vectors by real numbers
  • Addition and subtraction of vectors – graphical method
  • Resolution of vectors
  • Vector addition – analytical method
  • Motion in a plane
  • Motion in a plane with constant acceleration
  • Relative velocity in two dimensions
  • Projectile motion
  • Uniform circular motion
5. Laws of Motion
  • Introduction to laws of motion
  • Aristotle’s fallacy
  • The law of inertia
  • Newton’s first law of motion
  • Newton’s second law of motion
  • Newton’s third law of motion
  • Conservation of momentum
  • Equilibrium of a particle
  • Common forces in mechanics
  • Circular motion
  • Solving problems in mechanics
6. Work, Energy and Power
  • Introduction to work, energy and power
  • Notions of work and kinetic energy : The work-energy theorem
  • Work
  • Kinetic energy
  • Work done by a variable force
  • The work-energy theorem for a variable force
  • The concept of potential energy
  • The conservation of mechanical energy
  • The potential energy of a spring
  • Various forms of energy : the law of conservation of energy
  • Power
  • Collisions
7. Systems Of Particles and Rotational Motion
  • Introduction to the system of particles and rotational motion
  • Centre of mass
  • Motion of centre of mass
  • Linear momentum of a system of particles
  • Vector product of two vectors
  • Angular velocity and its relation with linear velocity
  • Torque and angular momentum
  • Equilibrium of a rigid body
  • Moment of inertia
  • Theorems of perpendicular and parallel axes
  • Kinematics of rotational motion about a fixed axis
  • Dynamics of rotational motion about a fixed axis
  • Angular momentum in case of rotations about a fixed axis
  • Rolling motion
8. Gravitation
  • Introduction to gravitation
  • Kepler’s laws
  • Universal law of gravitation
  • The gravitational constant
  • Acceleration due to gravity of the earth
  • Acceleration due to gravity below and above the surface of earth
  • Gravitational potential energy
  • Escape speed
  • Earth satellite
  • Energy of an orbiting satellite
  • Geostationary and polar satellites
  • Weightlessness
9. Mechanical Properties Of Solids
  • Stress and Strain
  • Hooke’s Law
  • Stress-Strain Curve
10. Mechanical Properties of Fluids
  • Pascal’s Law Hydraulic machines
  • Bernoulli’s Principle
11. Thermal Properties of Matter
  • Thermal Expansion
  • Change Of State
12. Thermodynamics
  • First Law Of Thermodynamics
  • Thermodynamic Processes
  • Heat Engines
13. Kinetic Theory
  • Kinetic theory of an ideal gas
14. Oscillations
  • Simple Harmonic Motion
  • The simple pendulum
15. Waves
  • Displacement relation in a progressive wave
  • The Speed of A Travelling Wave

Kerala Board Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus

Chemistry is a branch of Science that students should learn since it contains important concepts such as the periodic table, compounds, and chemical processes. As a result, for the Chemistry topic, we have offered Kerala state plus one syllabus:

Chapter Number Name of unit Focus area
1. Some Basic Concepts Of Chemistry
  • Importance and scope of Chemistry
  • Laws of chemical combination
  • Dalton’s atomic theory
  • Atoms and molecules
  • Atomic and molecular masses
  • Mole concept
  • Molar mass
  • Percentage composition
  • Empirical and molecular formula
  • Chemical reactions
  • Stoichiometry
  • Calculations based on stoichiometry
2. Structure Of Atom
  • Discovery of Electron
  • Proton and Neutron
  • Atomic number
  • Isotopes and isobars
  • Thomson’s model and its limitations
  • Rutherford’s model and its limitations
  • Bohr’s model and its limitations
  • de Broglie’s relationship
  • Heisenberg uncertainty principle
  • Concept of orbitals
  • Quantum numbers
  • Shapes of s, p and d orbitals
  • Rules for filling electrons in orbitals
  • Aufbau principle
  • Pauli’s exclusion principle
  • Hund’s rule
  • Electronic configuration of atoms
  • Stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals
3. Classification Of Elements And Periodicity In Properties
  • Significance and development of periodic table
  • Modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table
  • Periodic trends in properties of elements
  • Atomic radii
  • Ionic radii
  • Inert gas radii
  • Ionization enthalpy
  • Electrons gain enthalpy
  • Electronegativity
  • Valency
  • Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100
4. Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure
  • Valence electrons
  • Ionic bond
  • Covalent bond
  • Bond parameters
  • Lewis structure
  • Polar character of covalent bond
  • Covalent character of ionic bond
  • Valence bond theory
  • Resonance
  • Geometry of covalent molecules
  • VSEPR theory
  • Concept of hybridization
  • S, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules
  • Molecular orbital theory
  • Hydrogen bond
5. States Of Matter
  • Three states of matter
  • Intermolecular interactions
  • Types of bonding
  • Melting and boiling points
  • Role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule
  • Boyle’s law
  • Charles law
  • Gay Lussac’s law
  • Avogadro’s law
  • Ideal behaviour
  • Empirical derivation of gas equation
  • Ideal gas equation
  • Deviation from ideal behaviour
  • Liquefaction of gases
  • Critical temperature
  • Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea)
  • Liquid State – vapour pressure
  • Viscosity and surface tension
6. Thermodynamics
  • Concepts of System and types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy,
  • Extensive and intensive properties
  • State functions
  • First law of thermodynamics
  • Internal energy
  • Enthalpy
  • Heat capacity
  • Specific heat
  • Measurement of ∆U and ∆H
  • Hess’s law of constant heat summation
  • Enthalpy of bond dissociation
  • Combustion, formation, atomization
  • Sublimation, phase transition, ionization
  • Solution and dilution
  • Second law of Thermodynamics (brief introduction)
  • Introduction of entropy
  • State function
  • Gibb’s energy change for spontaneous and non- spontaneous processes
  • Criteria for equilibrium
  • Third law of thermodynamics (brief introduction).
7. Equilibrium
  • Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes
  • Dynamic nature of equilibrium
  • Law of mass action
  • Equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium
  • Le Chatelier’s principle
  • Ionic equilibrium –
  • Ionization of acids and bases
  • Strong and weak electrolytes
  • Degree of ionization
  • Ionization of poly basic acids
  • Acid strength
  • Concept of pH
  • Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea)
  • Buffer solution
  • Henderson Equation
  • Solubility product
  • Common ion effect (with illustrative examples).
8. Redox Reactions
  • Concept of oxidation and reduction
  • Redox reactions
  • Oxidation number
  • Balancing redox reactions, in terms of loss and gain of electrons and change in oxidation number
  • Applications of redox reactions
9, Hydrogen
  • Position of hydrogen in periodic table
  • Occurrence
  • Isotopes
  • Preparation, properties of hydrogen
  • Uses of hydrogen
  • Hydrides – ionic covalent and interstitial
  • Physical and chemical properties of water
  • Heavy water
  • Hydrogen peroxide – preparation, reactions and structure and use
  • Hydrogen as a fuel
10. The s-Block Elements
  • Group 1 and Group 2 Elements General introduction
  • Electronic configuration
  • Occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, Trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii)
  • Trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens, uses.
  • Preparation and Properties of Some Important Compounds:
  • Sodium Carbonate
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Sodium Hydroxide
  • Sodium Hydrogen carbonate
  • Biological importance of Sodium and Potassium
  • Calcium Oxide
  • Calcium Carbonate and their industrial uses
  • Biological importance of Magnesium and Calcium.
11. The p-Block Elements
  • General Introduction to p -Block Elements
  • Group 13 Elements:
  • Boron – physical and chemical properties
  • Some important compounds:
  • Borax, Boric acid, Boron Hydrides, Aluminium: Reactions with acids and alkalis,
  • Group 14 Elements:
  • Carbon-catenation
  • Allotropic forms
  • Physical and chemical properties
  • Uses of some important compounds: Oxides
  • Important compounds of Silicon and a few uses
  • Silicon Tetrachloride, Silicones, Silicates and Zeolites, their uses
12. Organic Chemistry Some Basic Principles And Techniques
  • General introduction
  • Methods of purification
  • Qualitative analysis
  • Quantitative analysis
  • Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds
  • Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation.
  • Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions, electrophiles and nucleophiles
  • Types of organic reactions
13. Hydrocarbons
  • Classification of Hydrocarbons
  • Aliphatic Hydrocarbons:
  • Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism, conformation (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
  • Alkenes – Nomenclature, Structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.
  • Alkynes – Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.
  • Aromatic Hydrocarbons:
    Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene. Carcinogenicity and toxicity.
14. Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental pollution – air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smog, major atmospheric pollutants, acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming – pollution due to industrial wastes, green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategies for control of environmental pollution.

Kerala Board Class 11 Botany Syllabus

Botany is a discipline of biology that deals with the study of all living things. Students can consult the Botany subject’s syllabus to learn about the topics that will be covered in class:

Chapter Number Chapter Name Topics
2 Biological Classification
  • Five kingdom classification
  • Salient features and classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi into major groups
  • Lichens
  • Viruses
  • Viroids
3 Plant Kingdom
  • Salient features and classification of plants into major groups
  • Algae
  • Bryophyta
  • Pteridophyta
  • Gymnosperms and Angiosperms
  • Angiosperms – classification up to class, characteristic features and examples
5 Morphology Of Flowering Plants
  • Morphology and modifications: Morphology of different parts of flowering plants: root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed.
  • Description of families: Fabaceae, Solanaceae and Liliaceae
6 Anatomy Of Flowering Plants
  • Anatomy and functions of different tissues and tissue systems in dicots and monocots.
  • Secondary growth
8 Cell : The Unit Of Life
  • Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life
  • Structure of prokaryotic cells
  • Structure of eukaryotic cells
  • Plant cell
  • Animal cell
  • Cell envelope
  • Cell membrane
  • Cell wall
  • Cell organelles – structure and function
  • Endomembrane system
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi bodies
  • Lysosomes
  • Vacuoles
  • Mitochondria
  • Ribosomes
  • Plastids
  • Microbodies
  • Cytoskeleton
  • Cilia
  • Flagella
  • Centrioles
  • Nucleus
10 Cell Cycle And Cell Division
  • Cell cycle
  • Mitosis and their significance
  • Meiosis and their significance
11 Transport In Plants
  • Movement of water, gases and nutrients
  • Cell to cell transport
  • Diffusion
  • Facilitated diffusion
  • Active transport
  • Plant-water relations
  • Imbibition
  • Water potential
  • Osmosis
  • Plasmolysis
  • Long-distance transport of water
  • Absorption
  • Apoplast
  • Symplast
  • Transpiration pull
  • Root pressure
  • Guttation
  • Transpiration
  • Opening and closing of stomata
  • Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients
  • Transport of food
  • Phloem transport
  • Mass flow hypothesis
12 Mineral Nutrition
  • Essential minerals
  • Macro and micronutrients and their role
  • Deficiency symptoms
  • Mineral toxicity
  • Elementary idea of hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition
  • Nitrogen Metabolism
  • Nitrogen cycle
  • Biological nitrogen fixation
13 Photosynthesis In Higher Plants
  • ion
  • Site of photosynthesis
  • Pigments involved in photosynthesis
  • Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis
  • Cyclic Photosynthesis as a means of autotrophic nutritand non-cyclic photophosphorylation
  • Chemiosmotic hypothesis
  • Photorespiration
  • C3 and C4 pathways
  • Factors affecting photosynthesis
14 Respiration In Plants
  • Exchange of gases
  • Cellular respiration
  • Glycolysis
  • Fermentation
  • TCA cycle
  • Electron transport system
  • Energy relations – number of ATP molecules generated
  • Amphibolic pathways
  • Respiratory quotient
15 Plant Growth And Development
  • Seed germination
  • Phases of plant growth and plant growth rate and conditions of growth
  • Differentiation – Dedifferentiation and Redifferentiation
  • Sequence of developmental processes in a plant cell
  • Growth regulators
  • Auxin Gibberellin
  • Cytokinin
  • Ethylene
  • ABA
  • Seed dormancy
  • Photoperiodism and Vernalisation

Kerala Board Class 11 Zoology Syllabus

Zoology is a discipline of Biology that investigates animals and their interactions with the environment. The Kerala state plus one Zoology syllabus is as follows:

Chapter Number Chapter Name Topics
1 The Living World
  • What is living?
  • Biodiversity
  • Need for classification
  • Three domains of life
  • Taxonomy and systematics
  • Concept of species and taxonomic hierarchy
  • Binomial nomenclature
  • Tools for study of taxonomy
  • Museums
  • Zoological parks
  • Herbaria
  • Botanical gardens
  • Keys for identification.
4 Animal Kingdom
  • Salient features and classification of animals
  • Non-chordates up to phylum level and chordates up to class level
7 Structural Organisation in Animals
  • Animal tissues
  • Morphology, Anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect-cockroach
9 Biomolecules
  • Chemical constituents of living cells
  • Biomolecules
  • Structure and function of proteins
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Nucleic acids
  • Enzymes- types, properties, enzyme action
16 Digestion and Absorption
  • Alimentary canal and digestive glands
  • Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones
  • Peristalsis
  • Digestion absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats
  • Calorific values of proteins, carbohydrates and fats
  • Egestion
  • Nutritional and digestive disorders
  • PEM
  • Indigestion
  • Constipation
  • Vomiting
  • Jaundice
  • Diarrhoea
17 Breathing and Exchange of Gases
  • Respiratory organs in animals
  • Respiratory system in humans
  • Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans
  • Exchange of gases
  • Transport of gases and regulation of respiration
  • Respiratory volume
  • Disorders related to respiration
  • Asthma
  • Emphysema
  • Occupational respiratory disorders.
18 Body Fluids and Circulation
  • Composition of blood
  • Blood groups
  • Coagulation of blood
  • Composition of lymph and its function
  • .Human circulatory system
  • Structure of the human heart and blood vessels
  • Cardiac cycle
  • Cardiac output
  • ECG
  • Double circulation
  • Regulation of cardiac activity
  • Disorders of the circulatory system
  • Hypertension
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Angina pectoris
  • Heart failure
19 Excretory Products and
Their Elimination
  • Modes of excretion
  • Ammonotelism
  • Ureotelism
  • Uricotelism
  • Human excretory system -Structure and function
  • Urine formation and Osmoregulation
  • Regulation of kidney function
  • Renin-angiotensin
  • Atrial natriuretic factor
  • ADH
  • Diabetes insipidus
  • Role of other organs in excretion
  • Disorders of the excretory system
  • Uremia
  • Renal failure
  • Renal calculi
  • Nephritis
  • Dialysis and artificial kidney
  • Kidney transplant
20 Locomotion and Movement
  • Types of movement
  • Ciliary
  • Flagellar
  • Muscular
  • Skeletal muscle
  • Contractile proteins and Muscle contraction
  • Skeletal system and its functions
  • Joints
  • Disorders of muscular and skeletal systems
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Tetany
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Arthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Gout
21 Neural Control and Coordination
  • Neuron and nerves
  • Nervous system in humans
  • Central nervous system
  • Peripheral nervous system
  • Visceral nervous system
  • Generation and conduction of nerve impulse
  • Reflex action
  • Sensory perception
  • Sense organs
  • Elementary structure and functions of eye and ear
22 Chemical Coordination and Integration
  • Endocrine glands and hormones
  • Human endocrine system
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary
  • Pineal
  • Thyroid
  • Parathyroid
  • Adrenal
  • Pancreas
  • Gonads
  • Mechanism of hormone action
  • Role of hormones as messengers and regulators
  • Hypo and hyperactivity and related disorders
  • Dwarfism
  • Acromegaly
  • Cretinism
  • Goiter
  • Exophthalmic goitre
  • Diabetes
  • Addison’s disease.

Kerala Board Class 11 English Syllabus

Below we have provided Kerala Board Class 11 English syllabus:

Section 1 – Poetry

1. Since Brass, Nor Stone, Nor Earth, Nor Boundless Sea –

William Shakespeare

2. A Red Red Rose – Robert Burns

3. The Tyger – William Blake

4. To the Cuckoo – William Wordsworth

5. My Last Duchess – Robert Browning

6. I had Gone a-Begging – Rabindranath Tagore

7. Bangle Sellers – Sarojini Naidu

8. The Highway Man – Alfred Noyes

9. Never Again would Birds’ Song be the Same – Robert Frost

10. Elegy 2or Jane – Theodore Roethke

11. Oppression – Langston Hughes

12. You Forget Me – Pablo Neruda

Section 2 – Short Story

1.The Orator – Anton Chekov

2. The Romance of a Busy Broker – O Henry

3. A Cup of Tea – Katherine Mansfield

4. A Canary for One – Ernest Hemingway

5. A Man – Vaikom Muhammed Basheer

6. The Night Train at Deoli – Ruskin Bond

Section 3 – Non-Fiction

1. On Saying ‘Please’ – A.G Gardiner

2. Why Literature? – Jorge Mario Vargas Llosa

3. Am I Blue? – Alice Walker

4. Last Day at School – Giovanni Mosca

Section 4 – One-Act Play

1. The Boy Comes Home – A.A Milne

2. When Lincoln Came to Pittsburgh – Dorothy.C.Calhoun

Kerala Board Class 11 Computer Science Syllabus

The chapters and syllabus of Computer Science are given below:

Chapter Number Chapter Name Topics
1. The Discipline of Computing
  • Evolution of Computing machines
  • Abacus, Difference engine, Analytical engine
  • Generations of computers
2. Data Representation and Boolean Algebra
  • Number systems,
  • Number conversions – Decimal to non decimal and reverse,
  • Shortcut methods (avoid fractional conversion)
  • Representation of integers (Sign & Magnitude, l’s and 2’s complements) and characters (ASCII & Unicode),
  • Boolean operators (AND, OR, NOT) and logic gates,
  • Simple circuit designing.
3. Components of the Computer System
  • Processor, Ports, Memory (RAM only with measuring units),
  • e-Waste and disposal methods,
  • System software (OS, Language processors – compiler and interpreter),
  • Free and open source software.
4. Principles of Programming and Problem Solving
  • Phases in programming (Listing only),
  • Debugging (Types of errors),
  • Flowchart symbols,
  • Development of algorithms and flowcharts to solve simple problems only (except looping).
5. Introduction to C++ Programming
  • Tokens and classification with examples
6. Data types and Operators
  • Fundamental data types,
  • Variables,
  • Operators and classifications,
  • Type conversion,
  • Various types of statements,
  • Structure of C++ program.
7. Control Statements
  • Decision making statements (if, if – else, if – else if, switch),
  • Iteration statements (while, for, do – while) – syntax and working, (Nesting not required),
  • Jump statements (break, continue). (No programming)
8. Arrays
  • Declaration, Initialisation, Accessing elements, Operations (listing only with concept),
  • Traversal operation with a simple program.
9. String Handling and I/O Functions
  • Array declaration for string and initialisation,
  • Input/Output operations,
  • Use of get(), getline(), put(), write() functions. (No programming)
10. Functions
  • Modular programming and merits,
  • Predefined functions (string, mathematical, character),
  • User-defined functions (Syntax, Concept of arguments and return value). (No programming)
11. Computer Networks
  • Advantages of network,
  • Key terms (Bandwidth, noise, node),
  • Communication devices (switch, router, gateway, bridge, modem),
  • Network topologies,
  • Identification of computers over network (MAC, IP)
12. Internet and Mobile Computing
  • Services on Internet (Working procedure is not required)
  • Cyber security (Computer virus, Trojan horse, hacking, phishing).

Kerala Board Class 11 Exam Blue Print

The table below shows the duration, total marks, the qualifying marks for terminal evaluation and the overall qualifying score for each of the subjects for the Class 11 Kerala board examination:

Subject Duration (in hrs)    Total marks    Qualifying score for TE    Overall qualifying score   
English    2.5    100    24    30   
Physics    2    100    18    30   
Chemistry    2    100    18    30   
(Botany and Zoology)   
2    100    18    30   
Computer Science    2    100    18    30   
Economics    2.5    100    24    30   
Mathematics    2.5    100    24    30   
History    2.5    100    24    30   
Political Science    2.5 100    24    30   
Psychology    2    100    18    30   
Geography    2    100    18    30   

Kerala Board Class 11 Practical/Experiments List & Model Writeup

For each subject, the maximum score and time for the practical examination are listed below:

Subject Time
Music 80 (1½ Hrs)
Botany 20 (1½ Hrs)
Zoology 20 (1½ Hrs)
All Other Subjects 40 (3 Hrs)

Kerala Board Class 11 Study Plan to Maximise Score

Study Plan to Maximise Score

Students preparing for Kerala board Class 11 exams should prepare an effective study schedule to score maximum marks in their exams. Below we have provided some of the preparation tips to ace Kerala board Class 11 exams:

1. Go through the Kerala Board Class 11 syllabus and prepare your study plan accordingly.
2. Spend at least half an hour doing yoga, or some other exercise that keeps you active, healthy, and relaxed. 
3. Solve previous year’s question papers to understand the exam pattern, marks weightage, important chapters, etc. It will help you enhance your confidence and score good marks in your exams.
4. Try revising all the concepts before your exams. Revising can help you understand and remember concepts distinctly.
5. If you are facing trouble with something, seek help. Communicate with your lecturers about any topic you did not understand. You may also seek your friend’s help to clarify your doubts.

Kerala Board Class 11 Exam-taking Strategy

Below we have provided some of the pointers that you need to remember while attempting Kerala board Class 11 exams:

  • Always be confident that you are prepared.
  • Get well prepared for the exam by revising all the important topics at least two days before the exam.
  • Prepare for your exam with the correct time schedule.
  • Intake good nutritious food and don’t forget to sleep well.
  • Do not forget to take the things for the exam that you need such as hall ticket, ID proof, etc. 
  • Reach the exam hall before the scheduled time.
  • Do not panic and drink water as you need.
  • Avoid stress that makes you uncomfortable in remembering what you studied.
  • Read all the instructions given in the question paper.
  • Be silent in the exam hall and do not attempt any malpractice which may lead to you being debarred for future exams.
  • Attend all the questions and make sure that you mark the correct answers.
  • Do not waste too much time by reading the same question over and over. Attend the question that you know first.
  • Make sure that you have attempted all questions before giving the answer sheet to the invigilator.

Kerala Board Class 11 Detailed Study Plan

Before starting the studies, it’s always wise to make a detailed study plan which helps to include time for all the subjects and all topics under each topic. The following points can help prepare a detailed study plan.

  • Students sometimes believe that they have plenty of time and begin studying when exams are approaching. This, however, is not the best method of preparation. Start your research as soon as possible.
  • Students should carefully plan and adhere to their academics. Everyone should make studying and preparation a habit. Correspondingly the first step is to create an examination study strategy.
  • Allocate time for each subject and make an effort to finish it. Make a study schedule that allows you to get the most out of your time.
  • You may not be able to complete one full topic in a single go. So, it is better to divide the topic into fragments and then finish one fragment at a time. 
  • Make a daily or weekly goal for yourself and work towards it. 
  • Create a list of easy and difficult topics from the entire curriculum. Make sure you spend extra time on the harder subjects in your study schedule and devote less attention to subjects that you find easy.
  • You want to learn, but you also want to take important breaks.
  • While studying, take a 5-10 minute rest every hour. Also, it’s important to eat healthily and get enough sleep.
  • No one can study or solve Maths ideas for more than a few hours at a time. So, in the same 6 hours, study a mixture of two or three disciplines so you neither exhaust yourself nor bore yourself with a single subject.
  • Avoid using gadgets during study time. You may use the gadgets to study. It can also be used to prepare for exams. Just ensure that you use it with no or minimum distraction. 
  • Practise mock tests regularly. Also, believe in yourself and your ability to attain your goals.

Kerala Board Class 11 Exam Counselling

Exam counselling

Students might have lots of doubts regarding the examination. Doubts may arise regarding the schedule, dates, syllabus and pattern of the exam. Some of those doubts are addressed below.

Question 1: I can’t study the whole note given by my teacher. Is there any remedy to study all those points?

Answer: Studying the whole note may seem a bit tedious. The best way is to prepare short notes while you are studying a topic. These short notes should be crisp and precise. This will help memorising the contents easily as it is written and maintained by you.

Question 2: How many times should I revise my subject before an exam?

Answer: Revise the subject as much as you can as it increases the chance of getting a high score. But in every condition, at least 2 times revising is good for your exams.

Question 3: Studying for my exam is proving challenging for me. I’m finding it difficult to focus. What can you do to assist?

Answer: Preparing for competitive exams can be stressful at times, but it is your ambition, and you must safeguard it. Consider seeking extra help if you think extra coaching will help you focus better. Otherwise, the best suggestions are to practise daily with a practical study plan. You may also use peer and family support to study and focus more.

Question 4: What if I don’t receive the grades I expected?

Answer: Not getting what you hoped for or expected can be a setback but it isn’t the end of the world. Focus on your achievements instead of dwelling on what you have lost. If you’re not satisfied with your results, you can request a re-evaluation.

FAQs on Kerala Board Class 11

Freaquently Asked Questions

Q1. What is the pass mark for Kerala plus one?
Ans. You have to score at least 30% marks. Only then you can pass.

Q2. Who conducts the Kerala Plus One Exams 2022?
Higher Secondary Education, Government of Kerala officials, conduct the Kerala Plus One Exams 2022.

Q3. For how many marks the Kerala Plus One Exam will be conducted?
Kerala Plus One Exams will be conducted for 100 marks for each subject.

Q4. Is the plus one Kerala Board exam online?
In a recent hearing, the Kerala state government has told the Supreme Court that the Kerala Plus One exams cannot be conducted in the online mode.

Q5. When will the Kerala Board Class 11 results 2022 be released?
Ans. The Kerala board Class 11 results 2022 have been released on August 17, 2022, on the board’s official website.

Kerala Board Class 11 School List

About Exam

Given below is the list of 15 schools that provide higher secondary education in Kerala.

1. Govt HSS, Chelakkara, Thrissur
2. Govt HSS, Cherpu, Thrissur
3. Govt Model GHSS, Irinjalakuda, Thrissur
4. Prof. Joseph Mundassery Smaraka Govt HSS, Kandassankadavu, Thrissur
5. Govt HSS, Kodakara, Thrissur
6. P Bhaskaran Memorial Govt HSS, Kodungallur, Thrissur
7. Vattekkad Narayanamenon Memorial Govt HSS, Machad, Thrissur
8. Kerala Varma Memorial GHSS,Eriyad, Kodungallur
9. Govt Fisheries HSS, Nattika, Thrissur
10. Govt HSS, Peechi, Thrissur
11. Govt HSS, Peringottukara, Thrissur
12. Govt HSS,Vettilappara,Thrissur
13. Govt HSS, Cheruthuruthy, Thrissur
14. Govt HSS,Pattikkadu,Thrissur
15. Govt HSS, Villadom, Thrissur
16. Govt Smt HSS, Chelakkara, Thrissur


The complete list of higher secondary schools in Kerala can be accessed using the following link.

List of Schools in Kerala 

Kerala Board Class 11 Parent Counselling

About Exam

Question 1: My primary concern is for the education of my child. I hope for him to be successful academically. What’s the best way to get started?

Answer: The first thing you have to do being a parent is to support your child mentally. Whenever the child is scared of studies or of any subjects or of anything, just hold them together and make them understand that you are there for them. This will boost the confidence in children very much. When the children are having any academic doubts, try clearing them if you know. Or else get clarifications for them from any trusted sources, like their teachers or friends or some coaching.

Question 2: How can I ensure that my child’s educational objectives are met?

Answer: While some parents may be hesitant to read technical papers at first, there is nothing you won’t understand if it concerns your child. Demand an explanation from the specialists, as it is your legal right. Only by being aware of these will you be able to better your home training.

Question 3: What are the advantages of schooling for my child’s future prospects?

Answer: Education is beneficial to a person’s personal and societal growth. It gradually instils confidence, mental toughness, and scientific temperament. It gives them access to the world of information while also supporting them in their professional development.

Question 7: What should I do to improve the confidence of my children for their exam?

Answer: Make sure your child is well-prepared and help them in preparing by taking a mock test. Motivate the children. Please don’t do anything to make them feel stressed. Keep supporting them by saying that they are the best and that they can achieve anything.

Question 8: How can I help my son choose a career path?

Answer: A student’s ability, interest, and scope are the three primary aspects to consider when choosing a career. Learn about his likes and dislikes, as well as his academic performance. You can even enlist the assistance of a professional career advisory team to take a standardised test to determine their preferred fields. Attend career fairs, webinars, alumni presentations, and other events to learn more about the options, a more in-depth understanding of the industrial world.

Kerala Board Class 11 Future Exams


The future exam for Class 11 students is the Class 12 examination. There are a lot of examinations that decide the career options for students. Some of the competitive examinations are given below.

  1. All India Institute Of Medical Science (AIIMS)

Every year at a national level, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences conducts the AIIMS MBBS test, which is commonly referred to as the AIIMS exam by students in class 12. In India, there are nine AIIMS institutes that offer the MBBS undergraduate programme.

  1. National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET)

The National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET), originally the All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT), is the entrance exam for Indian medical and dental institutes' MBBS and BDS programmes. The National Testing Agency is in charge of it (NTA).

  1. Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical (KEAM)

Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical is a series of entrance exams for admission to a variety of professional degree programmes in Kerala, India. It is organised by the Kerala Government's Office of the Commissioner of Entrance Exams.

  1. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)

The ICAR AIEEA is used to select candidates for admission to undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral programmes in agriculture and associated sciences.

  1. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) 

The Civil Services Examination is a nationwide competitive examination in India held by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, and Indian Police Service., 

  1. National Defence Academy & Naval Academy (NDA & NA) Examination

The UPSC administers the NDA exam, which is required for admission to the Army, Navy, and Air Force wings of the NDA. This exam serves as a stepping stone for students interested in joining the Army, Navy, or Air Force. This is a nationwide test that takes place twice a year.

  1. National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)

The National Entrance Screening Test is an annual college entrance examination held in India for admission to the National Institute of Science Education and Research in Bhubaneswar and the Mumbai-based Center for Excellence in Basic Sciences.

  1. All India Entrance Examination for Design (AIEED)

The All India Entrance Examination for Design (AIEED) is held by Arch College of Design and Business to give admission to its undergraduate and postgraduate design programmes.

  1. Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main

The Joint Entrance Examination – Main, formerly known as the All India Engineering Entrance Examination, is a computer-based test administered across India for admission to several technical undergraduate programmes in engineering, architecture, and planning. The National Testing Agency is in charge of the exam.

Kerala Board Class 11 Career Goals


Workplace performance expectations for college grads may be at an all-time high. Hiring companies anticipate that every employee will arrive with a complete set of technical experience and essential abilities, allowing them to jump right in. As a result, college students require a diverse range of learning experiences in order to complete their degrees. Experiential learning, in which students gain knowledge, skills, and values via experiences outside of typical academic contexts, is critical in the present.

Future Skills

The ability to lead one’s own life can be improved. It is possible to succeed in an automated or technical environment if you have the technical knowledge. The total number of linked devices is expected to reach 75 billion by 2025. Engineers, Developers, and other IoT experts are in high demand as a result. These people will require a diverse set of skills in order to build and maintain IoT infrastructure at scale, at all levels of the technological stack.

Career Skills

Class 11 and 12 are, as previously stated, a life-changing step in one’s life. So, while studying the subjects, you should gain the abilities listed below to improve your resume, which you will submit to your desired company in the future.

  • Communication skills
  • Interpersonal skills
  • Teamwork
  • Observational skills

Career Prospects/Which stream to choose

It is always a confusion after 12th to choose a path after school studies. Engineers, Doctors, Architects, Businessmen, Chartered Accountants, and other professionals are amongst the aspirations of some students. For all these streams, there will be some competitive exams after graduating from high school for pursuing a bachelor’s degree.

Other children who want to serve their country by entering the Army, Navy, or Air Force, or they want to be an IAS/IPS officer. They must finish their degree and pass a test administered by the Union Public Service Commission.

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