• Written By Alekhya_J
  • Last Modified 27-01-2023

Current Affairs July 2022 – Check Latest Top Stories


Current Affairs July 2022: General Awareness Section is the easiest scorable section in many competitive exams when followed on a daily basis. Preparing for the General Awareness section in any competitive exams must involve a regular habit of following the daily happenings of the world, nation, state, etc. By following current affairs July daily, you will not only learn new things but also update yourself with the dynamic knowledge that is changing every day. In order to score well in the General Awareness section, one must have a hold on both national and worldwide politics, sports, economics, entertainment and many more. We have covered all top 2022 current affairs in this article from each area to give you wholesome satisfaction for the day. Follow the current affairs July daily article by bookmarking this page and the latest and top 2022 news will directly be delivered here.

Also, the July Current Affairs are specifically designed to help you in the preparation for various government, and banking exams such as IBPS, UPSC, SSC, Bank PO, Bank Clerk, IBPS, Railways, Government Jobs, UPPSC, MPSC, and other state exams, etc. Wait no more and go through the Latest Current Affairs for July 2022 here.

Current Affairs July 2022


  • Draupadi Murmu, India’s First Tribal And 15th President of India

Draupadi Murmu won the election to become India’s first tribal and 15th president. Following the third round of counting, Yashwant Sinha, the presidential candidate for the Opposition, admitted defeat.

Tribal leader Draupadi Murmu hails from Rairangpur in the Odisha province of Mayurbhanj. A leader with a quiet voice, Draupadi Murmu entered Odisha politics via pure effort. After winning the presidential election in 2022.

Draupadi Murmu became the second woman and first indigenous person to hold the highest office.

Murmu, 64, won with a commanding margin, receiving more than 64% of the valid votes. Ram Nath Kovind’s term as president expires on July 24, and Murmu will most likely take the oath of office on July 25.

NameDraupadi Murmu
BornJune 20, 1958,
Birth PlaceUparbeda, Mayurbhanj, Odisha, India
Age64 years
ParentsBiranchi Narayan Tudu
Political PartyBharatiya Janata Party
OfficePresident of India
EducationRamadevi Women’s University
Previous OfficesGovernor of Jharkhand, Minister of State for Fisheries and Animal, Minister of State for Commerce and Transport, Member of the Odisha Legislative Assembly
ChildrenItishri Murmu
SpouseShyam Charan Murmu (passed away in 2014)
  • IIT Madras retains top position: NIRF rankings

The Union Minister of Education released the India Rankings 2022 of higher educational institutes. A robust and objective framework for assessment, accreditation and ranking will play a major role in enhancing higher education quality.

The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras maintained its position as the top institution in the nation for a fourth consecutive year, and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bengaluru was named the best university and research institution.

About the ranking:

  • Self-declaration and transparency shall be the basis of assessment and accreditation.
  • All the institutions shall also be part of the NIRF ranking system.
  • The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras, retained the top spot among institutes in the ‘Overall’ category for the Fourth Consecutive Year and the ‘Engineering’ category for the Seventh Consecutive Year.
  • In the overall category, IIT Madras is followed by IISc Bengaluru in the second spot, while IIT Bombay has been ranked third.
  • India’s first private rocket engine factory 

Agnikul Cosmos, a local space company, officially opened the nation’s first private rocket engine manufacturing on Wednesday. The facility in Chennai was opened by S. Somanath, the head of the Indian Space Research Organization, and N. Chandrasekaran, Tata Sons (ISRO) chairman.

According to the corporation, the new facility will use additive manufacturing technology to create 3D-printed rocket engines and develop engines for its rockets.

Agnikul Cosmos’ chief executive, Srinath Ravichandran, stated that the factory can now construct up to two rocket engines per week. This will enable it to produce enough machines for the anticipated end-of-the-year launch of its two-stage launch vehicle, Agnibaan.

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Port becomes the first 100% Landlord Major Port

Jawaharlal Nehru Port has become the first 100 per cent Landlord, Major Port of India, having all berths being operated on the PPP model. The total handling of JNPT will increase to 1.8 million Twenty-Foot Equivalent Units (TEUs) from the present handling capacity of 1.5 million TEUs in 2020-21.

What is the Landlord Port Model?

  • In the landlord port model, the public sector is responsible for port planning, acts as a regulatory body, and owns port-related land and basic infrastructure. 
  • The infrastructure is typically leased to private operating companies or industries such as refineries, tank terminals, and chemical plants. 

About Jawaharlal Nehru Port:

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Port, also known as Nhava Sheva port, is the largest container port in India. It is located in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
  • The port was established on 26 May 1989.
  • India’s largest floating solar power project operational in Telangana

India’s largest floating Solar Power Project is now fully operational. NTPC declared Commercial Operation of the final part capacity of 20 MW out of the 100 MW Ramagundam Floating Solar PV Project at Ramagundam, Telangana.

About the Project:

  • The 100 MW Floating Solar project is endowed with advanced technology and environment-friendly features. 
  • It consists of one floating platform and an array of 11,200 solar modules. 

Environmental Friendly:

  • Minimum land requirement. 
  • The evaporation rate from water bodies is reduced.
  • Coal consumption of 1,65,000 tons can be avoided per year.
  • 4 Indian cities in the top 20 sustainable cities in the Asia Pacific

According to the Asia Pacific Sustainability Index 2021, four Indian cities, Bengaluru (being top), Delhi, Hyderabad and Mumbai, made it into the top 20 sustainable cities list.

About the report:

  • Released by Knight Frank- a Global property consultant. 
  • The Index rated 36 cities based on: 
    • Urbanisation pressure
    • Climate risk
    • Carbon emissions
    • Government initiatives
  • India’s first ever Animal Health Summit

India’s first-ever Animal Health Summit 2022 was held in New Delhi with the vision of understanding animal health that further connects to the objective of the country’s food and nutrition security, rural incomes and prosperity, and overall economic development. It was held by the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.

Objectives of the Summit:

  • To discuss the broad national scenario in the animal health sector, scope, opportunities, and challenges faced. 
  • To share national and global animal health and management scenarios, emerging trends, developments and challenges.
  • To discuss policy, trade, technology, business, and regulatory environment for the growth of animal health and nutrition in India.
  • To create a platform for partnerships in innovations, technologies, services and health delivery systems.
  • India elected to UNESCO panel on Intangible Cultural Heritage

India has been elected to the Intergovernmental Committee of UNESCO’s 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) for the 2022-2026 cycle. India will be a part of two Committees of UNESCO – Intangible Cultural Heritage (2022-2026) and World Heritage (2021-2025).

What is Intangible Cultural Heritage according to UNESCO?

  • Intangible cultural heritage includes oral traditions, performing arts, social practices, rituals, festive events, knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe or the knowledge and skills to produce traditional crafts.

Major Functions of the ICH:

  • Promote the objectives of the convention.
  • Provide guidance on best practices.
  • Make recommendations on measures for the safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage.
  • PM Modi unveiled 6.5m high National Emblem

Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the new emblem cast on the roof of the new Parliament building. It is 6.5m high and made of bronze.

About the new Parliament Project:

  • The new building will have six granite statues of important personalities, four galleries each for the two Houses of Parliament, three ceremonial foyers, three India galleries, and one Constitution gallery.
  • The new building for the Indian Parliament, designed by Bimal Patel of HCP Designs, Ahmedabad, includes triangular shapes and incorporates architectural styles from around India.
  • Unlike the present Parliament building, there is no Central Hall, and the Lok Sabha chamber will be able to house 1,272 members in case of a joint session.
  • The new Parliament building project was awarded to Tata Projects for Rs 971 crore. 
  • The estimated project cost has shot up by nearly 24 per cent to about Rs 1,200 crore due to additional works, changes in the construction plan, and pandemic-related delays.
  • ‘Youth in India 2022’ Report

Recently, the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) released the ‘Youth in India 2022’ Report, which shows that the population share of the youth is starting to decline, whereas the share of the elderly is expected to increase during 2021-2036.

Key Findings of the report:

  • The youth proportion has declined, and the elderly proportion is likely to rise between 2021-2036.
  • The proportion of the Youth and Elderly Population will be 22.7 % by the year 2036.
  •  Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh are projected to see a higher elderly population than the youth by 2036.
  • Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan are projected to have over half (52%) of the country’s youth.
  • India achieved clean energy targets before the deadline

Power Minister RK Singh said at the Sydney Energy Forum that India had achieved clean energy targets nine years ahead of schedule.

India has installed 162 GW of renewable energy capacity, which is 41% of the 402 GW of electricity installed.

What is the Sydney Energy Forum?

  • Led by the Australian Government, the Sydney Energy Forum will focus on developing at scale the new technologies critical to achieving global net zero goals and overcoming the supply chain challenges standing in the way of achieving renewable energy outcomes across the Indo-Pacific and beyond.


  • Ministers from the United States, Japan, India, Indonesia, and the Pacific Island nation of Samoa are attending the forum.
  • Union Education Minister Releases India Rankings 2022 of higher educational institutes                                                                                                                                     The Union Minister of Education released the India Rankings 2022 of higher educational institutes. A robust and objective framework for assessment, accreditation and ranking will play a major role in enhancing higher education quality.

About the ranking:

  • Self-declaration and transparency shall be the basis of assessment and accreditation.
  • All the institutions shall also be part of the NIRF ranking system.
  • The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras, retained the top spot among institutes in the ‘Overall’ category for the Fourth Consecutive Year and the ‘Engineering’ category for the Seventh Consecutive Year.
  • In the overall category, IIT Madras is followed by IISc Bengaluru in the second spot, while IIT Bombay has been ranked third.

This is the seventh consecutive edition of NIRF. It ranks colleges, universities and research institutions and provides an overall combined ranking. Institutes are also ranked across seven subject domains: engineering, management, pharmacy, law, medical, architecture and dental.

  • To encourage agricultural trade, Narendra Tomar launched the e-NAM Platform

The Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare recently launched the Platform of Platforms (POP) under the National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) during the State Agriculture and Horticulture Ministers’ Conference in Bengaluru, Karnataka. A grant worth 37cr was released to 1018 FPOs.

What is PoP for marketing agricultural produce?

  • The Platform of Platforms under e-NAM promotes trade & marketing of agricultural produce wherein farmers will be facilitated to sell the product outside their state borders.
  • It will increase farmers’ digital access to multiple markets, buyers, and service providers and bring transparency to business transactions.

Services under this Platform

  • Logistics Service Provider
  • Quality Assurance Service Provider
  • Cleaning, Grading, Sorting and Packaging Service Provider
  • Warehousing Facility Service Provider
  • Jagriti: Mascot for Consumer Rights

Jagriti Mascot will help empower consumers and generate awareness about “consumer rights”. The Mascot will be presented as an empowered consumer, mushrooming awareness of consumer rights and addressing solutions for the problems faced by consumers.

Jagriti mascot will be displayed along with the tagline “Jago Grahak Jago” across all the media campaigns. Jagriti Mascot and “Jago Grahak Jago tagline” are new synonymous with aware young consumers.

Jago Grahak Jago Program

  • Jago Grahak Jago is a consumer awareness campaign. Department of Food launched in 2005. 
  • The government used different mediums to raise consumer awareness, including media advertisements, Printings, Audio campaigns, Video campaigns and Posters.
  • Cabinet approves the signing of MoU in the field of Judicial Cooperation                         The Union Cabinet recently approved the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in the field of Judicial Cooperation between India and the Judicial Service Commission of the Republic of Maldives.

What is the role of this MoU?

  • This MoU will provide a platform to tap the benefits of Information Technology for court digitization and potential growth area for the IT companies and start-ups in both countries. 
  • It will not only enable the exchange of knowledge and technology in judicial and other legal areas between the two countries but will also further the objectives of the “Neighbourhood First” policy.  

About Neighbourhood First policy:

  • Under the ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy, the Government is committed to developing friendly and mutually beneficial relations with all its neighbours. It creates mutually beneficial, people-oriented, regional frameworks for stability and prosperity. 
  • GoI Designates 5 New Ramsar Sites, taking the total number to 54

In India, five new wetlands have been identified as being of international significance. As a result, there are now 54 Ramsar sites in the nation instead of 49. “Delighted to tell that 5 additional Indian wetlands have received Ramsar status as wetlands of worldwide importance,” stated Bhupender Yadav, the Union Minister of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change.

The five newly designated wetlands are:

  • Karikili Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu
  • Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest, Tamil Nadu
  • Pichavaram Mangrove, Tamil Nadu
  • Pala wetland, Mizoram
  • Sakhya Sagar, Madhya Pradesh.

What is Ramsar Site?

Under the Ramsar Convention, a wetland site is defined as having international significance and is known as a Ramsar Site. The Iranian city of Ramsar, where this contract was signed, inspired the name Ramsar.

The Ramsar Convention is another name for the Convention on Wetlands. It is an international environmental convention formed by UNESCO in 1971 and went into effect in 1975.


  • Assam & Arunachal sign Namsai Declaration

Arunachal and Assam’s chief ministers signed a pact to resolve the border dispute. It is called Namsai Declaration, and its objective is to end border issues between the two states and to “restrict” the number of disputed villages to 86 instead of 123.

About the Namsai Declaration:

  • The Namsai Declaration is a hugely significant and landmark progress towards enduring brotherhood, peace, and prosperity in the North East.
  • As per the declaration, both the states will constitute 12 regional committees where there is a dispute. 
  • Karnataka, Manipur, and Chandigarh Top NITI Aayog’s India Innovation Index

Karnataka, Manipur and Chandigarh have topped their respective categories in the third edition of NITI Aayog’s India Innovation Index. The index was released on 21st July 2022 by NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Suman Bery.

Category Toppers:

  • Major States Category topper: Karnataka
  • North East and Hill States topper: Manipur
  • Union Territories and City States topper: Chandigarh

What is the India Innovation Index?

  • The India Innovation Index is a comprehensive tool for evaluating and developing the country’s innovation ecosystem, prepared by NITI Aayog and the Institute for Competitiveness. It ranks the states and the union territories on their innovation performance to build healthy competition.
  • Himachal Pradesh – First state to connect VLT with ERSS

Himachal Pradesh has become the first state in the country to connect all registered commercial vehicles equipped with Vehicle Location Tracking Device (VLTD) with Emergency Response Support System (ERSS). More than 9,423 vehicles have been registered and linked with ERSS. 

How does it work?

  • The VLTD with ERSS and Command Control Center has been connected with Emergency Response Support System 112.  
  • When the panic button is pressed, a signal would be received through satellite to 112, and the person in distress would be connected and alert the police.
  • State Ranking Index for NFSA

The Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution released the 1st edition of ‘State Ranking Index for NFSA’ during the Food Ministers of States/UTs on ‘Food Nutrition and Security in India’.

About the Index:

  • It captures the implementation of the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) under the National Food Security Act (NFSA). 
  • The index is built on three key pillars:
  1. NFSA— Coverage, targeting, and Act provisions
  2. Delivery platform, and
  3. Nutrition initiatives

Index rankings:

  • Odisha topped the list of 34 states and Union territories (UTs), followed by Uttar Pradesh at the second spot and Andhra Pradesh at third amongst the General Category States in ‘The State Ranking Index for NFSA’.
  • Under Special Category States/UTs, Tripura stood; first, second was Himachal Pradesh, and the third was Sikkim.
  • In the list of 3 UTs where Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) – Cash is operational, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu are the top-ranked UT.
  • Rajasthan launched Nation’s 1st digital Adalat 

India’s First AI-powered, end-to-end digital Lok Adalat, launched by NALSA Chairperson Uday Umesh Lalitduring the 18th All India Legal Services Authorities’ meet held in Jaipur, Rajasthan. 

Reason for setting up the digital Lok Adalat:

  • India’s growing case pendency has been in the headlines recently, especially during the pandemic when the courts came to a standstill for a while. 
  • A NITI Aayog report also suggested that it would take approximately 324 years to dispose of all the current cases in India. This situation in the Indian Dispute Resolution landscape calls for urgent technological intervention.

Justice Technology:

  • Jupitice world’s first Justice Technology company, has been working with various quasi-judicial bodies and ADR centres across India to digitally transform and reboot dispute resolution and provide several eco-system services such as Case Management Services, Transcription etc. 
  • Jupitice has researched, developed and designed the digital Lok Adalat to bridge the existing justice gap addressing problems of the digital divide by ensuring that justice reaches the common people even in the remotest villages through the web, mobile and CSCs, making affordable justice delivered as a service like other services. 
  • Gujarat became the first Indian state to launch a semiconductor policy 2022-27

The Gujarati government announced a specific “Gujarat Semiconductor Policy 2022-27” to create at least 2,00000 new jobs over five years. The Dholera Special Investment Region will have a “semicon city” built by the Gujarati government. According to a press statement from the state administration, projects sanctioned under the Design-linked Incentive plan of the Government of India will not be qualified to receive benefits under the new policy.

Schemes and Reports

  • NAMASTE scheme formulated for cleaning sewers

Minister of State for Housing and Urban Affairs Kaushal Kishore said the Government had formulated a ‘National Action Plan for Mechanised Sanitation Ecosystem’ (NAMASTE) scheme for cleaning sewers and septic tanks.

About the Scheme:

  • The scheme is a joint venture between the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment and the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. 
  • The aim is to achieve zero fatalities in sanitation work in urban India.
  • The Ministry has shortlisted the types of machinery, core equipment for maintenance works, and safety gear for Safai Mitras. 
  • India ranks 135 out of 146 in the Global Gender Gap Index

The World Economic Forum released the Global Gender Gap Index 2022, and it ranks India at 135 out of 146 countries. In 2021, India was ranked 140 out of 156 countries. Iceland has retained its position as the world’s most gender-equal country.

What is the Global Gender Gap Index?

  • The Global Gender Gap Index benchmarks the current state and evolution of gender parity across four key dimensions:
    • Economic Participation and Opportunity
    • Educational Attainment
    • Health and Survival
    • Political Empowerment
  • Centre releases child protection scheme guidelines

Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) released new guidelines for Mission Vatsalya, an umbrella scheme for child protection services in the country. In the guidelines, states have been mandated to retain the official and original name of Mission Vatsalya to access Central funds and benefits.  

 What is Mission Vatsalya?

  • It is the country’s umbrella scheme for Child Protection Services (CPS).
  • It develops a sensitive, supportive and synchronised ecosystem for the development of children.
  • Assists States/UTs in delivering the mandate of the Juvenile Justice Act 2015 and achieving the SDG goals.

Components under Mission Vatsalya:

  • Improve the functioning of statutory bodies
  • Strengthen service delivery structures
  • Upscale institutional care/services
  • Emergency outreach services
  • Training and capacity building

Defence News

  • Kilo class submarine Sindhudhvaj decommissioned

The Navy’s submarine, INS Sindhudhvaj, was decommissioned from service at Visakhapatnam after 35 years. With this, the Navy now has 15 conventional submarines in service.

What are Kilo class submarines?

  • The Kilo class, Soviet designation Project 877 Paltus, NATO reporting name Kilo, is a class of diesel-electric attack submarines originally designed in the 1970s and built in the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy.
  • The 10 Kilo-class submarines India bought from Russia between 1986 and 2000 are now down to seven conventional boats (as the navy calls submarines).
  • DRDO successfully tested the first takeoff of an autonomous aircraft

The maiden flight of a new Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), an autonomous Flying Wing Technology Demonstrator, took off from the Aeronautical Test Range, Chitradurga, Karnataka.

More about the UAV

  • According to the official statement, this UAV is powered by a small turbofan engine. The entire system has been developed completely in India.
  • It is a significant breakthrough in autonomous aircraft, which will pave the way for Aatmanirbhar Bharat regarding critical military systems.
  • ‘SPRINT Challenges’ to boost indigenous tech for the Indian Navy

The Prime Minister unveiled ‘SPRINT Challenges’, aimed at boosting the usage of indigenous technology in the Indian Navy, during the Naval Innovation and Indigenisation Organisation (NIIO) seminar ‘Swavlamban’ in New Delhi.

About SPRINT Challenges:

  • In a bid to achieve ‘Aatmanirbharta’ in defence and as part of ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’, NIIO, in conjunction with the Defence Innovation Organisation (DIO), aims to induct at least 75 new indigenous technologies/products into the Indian Navy. 
  • This collaborative project is named SPRINT (Supporting Pole-Vaulting in R&D through iDEX, NIIO and TDAC).
  • India’s Tejas is Malaysia’s ‘top choice’ to replace the MiG-29 fleet

India’s Tejas’, a single-engine fighter jet is Malaysia’s first choice to replace its ageing MiG-29 combat aircraft fleet, said R Madhavan, chairman of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). India benefited from the proposal to build the Su-30 facility.

Why Tejas?

  • The Malaysian government also considered the JF-17 jet from China, the FA-50 from South Korea, and the MiG-35 and Yak-130 from Russia; however, they praised Tejas as a “far superior” aircraft.
  • Despite the JF-17 being considerably less expensive, it could not match the technological specifications of Tejas’ MK-IA variant. 

About Tejas

  • The Bengaluru-based HAL produces Tejas after being created by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA).
  • It is based on the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) programme and got its present name in 2003. 
  • It can also work in dangerous circumstances.
  • Defence export touch ₹13,000 crores

According to recent reports by the Defence Ministry, India’s defence exports for 2021-22 were estimated at ₹13,000 crores, the highest ever till now. The US was a major buyer and nation in Southeast Asia, West Asia and Africa.
Steps to boost defence production:

  • Simplified defence industry licensing
  • The budgetary allocation is reserved for domestic production
  • Opening lines of credit for countries to import defence products
  • Employment generation in this sector to train object-oriented youth
  • Dunagiri, Project 17A frigate

Dunagiri, a Project 17A frigate, was launched into the  Hooghly river at Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Limited, Kolkata.

About the project:

  • The‘Dunagiri’, the fourth ship as a part of Project 17A Frigates, has the name of a mountain range in Uttarakhand.
  • These are follow-on of the P17 Frigates (Shivalik Class) with improved stealth features, advanced weapons and sensors, and platform management systems. 
  • The launch of the fourth ship within such a short span is a testimony to the impetus for self-reliant shipbuilding with a focused approach. 

About P17A:

  • P17A ships have been designed in-house by the Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design (DND), which has successfully spearheaded the design of numerous classes of indigenous warships. 
  • It is a testimony of the nation’s unwavering efforts towards ‘AatmaNirbharata’ as 75% of the orders for equipment and system are also being placed on indigenous firms, including MSMEs.
  • 75 newly-developed AI-enabled defence products launched

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh launched 75 newly developed AI products and technologies in the first-ever AI in Defence symposium in New Delhi.

About the event:

  • The Artificial Intelligence in Defence’ (AIDef) symposium and exhibition were organised by the Department of Defence Production under the Ministry of Defence as a part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.
  • It aimed to advance “Atma Nirbharta” in the military sector.
  • AI-enabled products are developed by the Armed Forces, research organisations, start-ups, and innovators.
  • Ministry of Defence sets up an Apex Committee for Performance and Efficiency Audit                                                                                                                                            The Defence Ministry has set up an apex committee with the Defence Secretary as Chairman to conduct a Performance and Efficiency Audit into various aspects of its activities. 

Reason for setting up the committee:

  • This kind of audit is expected to provide valuable inputs to the top management of the Ministry on specific shortcomings, if any, in the planning and execution of projects.
  • It is a major shift from the existing transaction-based compliance audit to an outcome-based performance/ efficiency audit to enhance overall efficiency.
  • The committee members include Vice Chiefs of the three Services, Secretary Defence (Finance), Chief of Integrated Staff Committee, Controller General of Defence Accounts, Director General (Acquisition) and other senior officials of the Ministry of Defence and Defence Research and Development Organisation.

Beyond Borders

  • Iran & Belarus to join SCO

Iran and Belarus are likely to join the SCO grouping. Along with this, India will host the SCO summit next year, and Varanasi has been selected as the SCO region’s first “Tourism and Cultural Capital”.

About Shanghai Cooperation Group:

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is an intergovernmental organisation founded in Shanghai on 15 June 2001. 
  • The SCO currently comprises eight Member States (China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan).
  • It also consists of observer States interested in acceding to full membership (Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, and Mongolia).
  • Ranil Wickremesinghe – New President of Sri Lanka

Acting President Ranil Wickremesinghe was elected as Sri Lanka’s new President by Parliament. It was held in the Parliament amid tight security. 

Details about the election:

  • In the 225-member Parliament, Ranil Wickremesinghe obtained 134 votes, Dullas Alahapperume obtained 82 votes, and Anura Kumara Dissanayake obtained three votes. 
  • A total of 223 MPs, including the Speaker, voted, while two MPS abstained from the voting.
  • Ranil Wickremesinghe served as acting President after Gotabaya Rajapaksa resigned from the top post following widespread protests in the country.  
  • The country’s most powerful passports in the 2022

Henley Passport Index 2022, released by Henley & Partners, an immigration consultancy. The index uses 17 years of data to come up with the outcome.

About the report:

  •  Japan has the world’s most powerful passport – providing hassle-entry to 193 countries.
  • Just one country short, Singapore and South Korea are tied in second place.
  • India’s passport ranked 87th, offering visa-access to 60 countries, including Bhutan, Nepal, Indonesia, and Macau.
  • India – UK signs MOUs on Mutual Recognition of Educational Qualifications

India and the UK recently signed an agreement for mutual recognition of educational qualifications, a move likely to benefit students going to Britain for higher education. 

About the MoU:

  • It provides for mutual recognition of educational qualifications and study duration undertaken by students within duly approved and recognised higher education institutions in the two countries.
  • This is a landmark moment in our bilateral educational relations as signing this MoU would enable smoother student mobility between the two countries, help develop stronger institutional collaboration, and widen the scope of academic and research collaboration between the Higher Education Institutions of both countries.
  • Commonwealth adopts ‘Living lands Charter’ for future generations. 

All 54 Commonwealth members have agreed to voluntarily dedicate a ‘living land’ in their respective countries to future generations, in line with the United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration strategy.

What is the Living Lands Charter?

  • It mandates that member countries safeguard global land resources and arrest land degradation while acting against climate change, biodiversity loss, and sustainable management.
  • The document came after nearly two years of intense consultation, engagement and negotiation with member countries.
  • It helps encapsulate the combined effort to hold the global average temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The Outcomes:

It aims to support member countries in delivering their commitments under the three Rio conventions:

  • Commonwealth Nations UN Convention on Biological Diversity. 
  • UN Convention to Combat Desertification. 
  • ISRO ‘POEM’ Platform

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has also successfully launched the PSLV Orbital Experimental Module (POEM) of the PSLV-C53 Mission, besides placing three Singaporean satellites in a precise orbit. 

What is POEM?

  • The PSLV Orbital Experimental Module is a platform that will help perform in-orbit experiments using the final, and otherwise discarded, stage of ISRO’s workhorse rocket, the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
  • The PSLV is a four-stage rocket where the first three spent stages fall back into the ocean, and the final stage (PS4), after launching the satellite into orbit, ends up as space junk.
  • POEM has a dedicated Navigation Guidance and Control (NGC) system for altitude stabilisation.
  • POEM carries six payloads, including two from Indian Space Start-ups, Digantara and Dhruva Space, enabled through IN-SPACe and NSIL.
  • POEM will derive its power from solar panels mounted around the PS4 tank and a Li-Ion battery. It will navigate using Four Sun Sensors, a Magnetometer, Gyros & NavIC.
  • US Aviation company delivers LANCE system to USAF

US aviation company Lockheed Martin has reportedly delivered a compact directed energy weapon LANCE system to the Air Force Research Laboratory of the US Air Force (USAF) for operational testing.

What is LANCE?

  • LANCE refers to Laser Advancements of Next-Generation Compact Environments.
  • At present, LANCE has been manufactured for a defensive role. 
  • Research could be furthered to develop an offensive weapon that could shoot down aircraft and drones and be mounted atop the ground and sea-based mobile platforms for offensive roles.
  • India and the UK signed MOUs for Higher Education

India and the UK recently signed an agreement for mutual recognition of educational qualifications, a move likely to benefit students going to Britain for higher education. 

About the MoU:

  • It provides for mutual recognition of educational qualifications and study duration undertaken by students within duly approved and recognised higher education institutions in the two countries.
  • This is a landmark moment in our bilateral educational relations as signing this MoU would enable smoother student mobility between the two countries, help develop stronger institutional collaboration, and widen the scope of academic and research collaboration between the Higher Education Institutions of both countries.

Tech in Focus

  • US-based Biliti Electric unveils a fuel-powered 3-wheeler named FastMile

A three-wheeled electric car fueled by a hydrogen fuel cell has been launched by the e-mobility business Biliti Electric. The FastMile car, according to Biliti, has a range of up to 209 kilometres and a refilling period of fewer than three minutes. FastMile has been tested for over 9,656 kilometres and has a payload capability of 680 kilos.

  • India’s first autonomous navigation facility, “TiHAN”, launched at IIT Hyderabad

Union Minister of State Jitendra Singh, recently inaugurated the first-of-its-kind, state-of-the-art “Autonomous Navigation” facility to develop unmanned ground and aerial vehicles in the IIT Hyderabad campus.

Details about TiHAN – Technology Innovation Hub on Autonomous Navigation:

  • It aims to make India a global player in the futuristic “Smart Mobility technology”.
  • TiHAN is developing and deploying real-time Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) utilising autonomous UAVs and ground/surface vehicles for many application sectors.
  • It is developed at a budget of Rs. 130 crores by the Union Ministry of Science & Technology.
  • Single-Crystalline Scandium Nitride (ScN)

Scientists have discovered a novel material that can emit, detect, and modulate infrared light with high efficiency, making it useful for solar and thermal energy harvesting and optical communication devices.

The spectrum:

  • Electromagnetic waves are renewable energy sources for electricity generation, telecommunication, defence and security technologies, sensors, and healthcare services. 
  • Scientists use high-tech methods to manipulate such waves precisely in dimensions that are thousands of times shorter than human hair, using specialised materials.

  • Beet farm near Wymondham in colour-based aphid pest trial

Scientists are spraying food dye on farm fields, hoping that patchwork of multi-coloured crops will help hide them “in plain sight” from pests as a natural alternative to pesticides. Scientists hope patchworks of multi-coloured crops will help hide them “in plain sight” from pests as a natural alternative to pesticides. The so-called “camo-cropping” trial has been started using dyes by the Norwich-based British Beet Research Organisation (BBRO).

How is it done?

  • The first is cereal camo-cropping. The theory is that growing a cereal crop with sugar beet helps to obscure it by reducing the soil-plant contrast that aphids use to locate sugar beet. 
  • The other approach uses food dyes to change the ground colour and hide the emerging beet.

Business & Economy

  • Forbes Billionaires 2022: The Richest People In The World

Forbes billionaires 2022 list is out, which compiles the list of the world’s richest, who this time was hit by the impact of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, coronavirus pandemic and sluggish markets. Elon Musk, the Tesla and SpaceX founder, topped Forbes’ list for the first time with a net worth of $219 billion. Elon Musk is leading the Forbes billionaires list with a net worth of $219 billion, followed by Amazon chief Jeff Bezos at $171 billion.

  • The Financial Services Institution Bureau (FSIB) to replace the Banks Board Bureau (BBB)

The government has decided to set up the Financial Services Institution Bureau (FSIB) to replace the Banks Board Bureau (BBB).

Financial Services Institutions Bureau

  • It will be the apex body that will make recommendations for appointments of full-time directors and the non-executive chairman of banks and financial institutions.
  • It will also issue guidelines for selecting general managers and directors of the public sector in general insurance companies.

The three members of the new entity (FSIB) are Animesh Chauhan, former chairman and managing director of Oriental Bank of Commerce; Shailendra Bhandari, former managing director and chief executive of ING Vysya Bank; and former Reserve Bank of India executive director Deepak Singhal.


  • India inks pact with Namibia for cheetah reintroduction

On 20th July 2022, India and Namibia signed a crucial memorandum of understanding (MoU) for the reintroduction of cheetahs, declared extinct in the country in 1952. The 1st batch is arriving on 15th August 2022.

About the plan:

  • The first batch of cheetahs will be re-introduced in India in the Kuno National Park, Madhya Pradesh.
  • India aspires to import at least 30 cheetahs in the next five years.
  • The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), one of the world’s most-recognizable cats, is known especially for its speed.
  • They are considered native to Africa and central Iran.
  • Asiatic cheetahs are believed to survive only in Iran.
  • Oceans Great Dying 2.0

Scientists warn of an imminent mass annihilation called Great Dying 2.0 of marine species similar to one 250 million years ago Permian era that wiped out most lives in oceans.

  • If emissions continue to climb and temperatures reach around 4.9 degrees Celsius by the end of this century, nearly 40% of marine genera could perish by 2300 and 8% by 2100. 

How did Mass Extinction occur in the Permian era?

  • During this period, land masses collided to form the supercontinent Pangaea. The supercontinent was arid; only a few parts received rainfall round the year.
  • Towards the end of the era, a series of volcanic eruptions occurred in Central Siberia, injecting massive amounts of greenhouse gases (GHG) into the atmosphere. Then, as of now, the uncontrolled GHG emissions triggered climatic changes.
  • It led to low oxygen and warm conditions driving marine organisms’ extinction 250 million years ago.
  • High level of toxic chemical nonylphenol

A study revealed the presence of high levels of toxic chemical nonylphenol in drinking water across the nation. The toxic chemical in drinking water was 29 to 81 times higher than the permissible limit.
What is Nonylphenol?

  • Nonylphenol is commonly used in the production of Nonylphenol Ethoxylates (NPEs), which are used as surfactants and in day-to-day consumer products such as detergents, wetting agents and dispersants.


  • NP is an Endocrine disruptor associated with adverse effects like birth defects, skin and eye irritation etc. 
  • There are no standards exclusively for NP in drinking and surface waters in India. 
  • European Union and countries like the US, Japan and China have already acknowledged the dangers of this chemical.
  • Derecho Storm

A storm system hit 3 states in  America Nebraska, Minnesota and Illinois called a derecho. 

As the storm rolled in, winds gushed at around 140 km per hour, turning the skies green.

What is a derecho?

  • A derecho is a widespread, long-lived, straight-line windstorm associated with a “band of rapidly moving showers or thunderstorms”.
  • Derechos or straight-line storms are those in which thunderstorm winds have no rotation, unlike a tornado or hurricane.
  • They have wind gusts of at least 93 km per hour, a wind damage swath extending more than 400 km.
  • Being a warm-weather phenomenon, a derecho generally – not always – occurs during summertime beginning in May, with most hitting in June and July.

How did it turn the US skies green?

  • Severe thunderstorms result in a ‘green sky’ due to light interacting with the huge amount of water they hold.
  • The big raindrops and hail scatter away all but the blue wavelengths, due to which primarily blue light penetrates below the storm cloud.
  • The report said that this blue combines with the red-yellow of the afternoon or the evening sun to produce green.


  • Gaganyaan abort mission this year: Solar and lunar missions in 2023 

ISRO has set new deadlines for major missions, with its first solar mission and third lunar mission set to take place in the first quarter of next year. 

About ‘Abort Mission’ of Gaganyaan:

  • The ‘Abort Missions’ are meant to test the systems that can help the crew escape from the spacecraft mid-flight in case of failure.
  • For the abort missions, the space agency has developed test vehicles that can send the systems up to a certain height, simulate a failure, and then check the escape system. 
  • ISRO will send humanoid Vyommitra in unmanned Gaganyaan spacecraft ahead of human spaceflight (Monitoring module parameters).
  • The Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Rules

Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified amendment to the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Rules, exempting highway projects of strategic and defence importance, which are 100 km from the Line of Control, among other locations, from an environmental clearance before construction.

About Environment Impact Assessment (EIA):

  • The EIA is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development. 
  • There are 39 categories of projects in India for which the environment clearance process is available.

Reason for the amendment:

  • This amendment does away with the need for green clearance for the construction of the controversial Char Dham project, which includes widening of 899 km roads in ecologically sensitive areas of Uttarakhand to improve connectivity to Kedarnath, Badrinath, Yamunotri, and Gangotri shrines.
  • The government deems it necessary to exempt such projects from the requirement of Environmental Clearance in border areas.


  • Kala Azar (Black fever) Case in West Bengal

Over the past several weeks, 11 districts in West Bengal have recorded 65 cases of Kala Azar (black fever).

What is Kala-azar?

Black fever, often known as Kala-azar, is medically referred to as visceral leishmaniasis (VL). It is a sophisticated protozoan parasitic illness brought on by the parasite Leishmania donovani. The vector for its transmission is the sandfly Phlebotomine argentipus.

What are the causes of Kala-Azar?

Malnutrition, poor housing, and a weakened immune system are the main causes of the Kala-Azar sickness.

Symptoms of Kala-Azar

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Kala-azar patients can be identified by symptoms such as sporadic fever attacks, spleen and liver enlargement, weight loss, and anaemia.

  • Pokkali Gasping

Pokkali, premium-priced rice being a double crop, the saline water-resistant, nutritious, is losing out to aquaculture. Experts call for its preservation not only for its nutritional value but also for its role as a bulwark against saline water intrusion.

About Pokkali rice:

  • Pokkali is a variety of rice endemic to coastal Kerala and is unique because it can be easily grown here.
  • It is endemic to coastal regions of three Kerala districts—Ernakulam, Thrissur, and Alappuzha. Pokkali rice is famous for its salinity tolerance gene SalTol QTL and is significant for the International rice improvement programs for salinity tolerance.
  • It received a Geographical Indication (GI) Certificate in 2009 and the Plant Genome community award 2010-11.
  • Ghana reports 1st suspected Marburg Virus case

Ghana has reported its first-ever suspected case of Marburg virus disease. It’s a highly infectious viral hemorrhagic fever (VHFs) with a fatality ratio of up to 88 per cent and belongs to the same family as Ebola.

Origin and cause of the virus:

  • The Marburg virus disease was initially detected in 1967 after simultaneous outbreaks in Marburg and Frankfurt in Germany; and Belgrade, Serbia.
  • In this, a severe illness in humans and non-human primates is caused by the two Marburg viruses: Marburg virus (MARV) and Ravn virus (RAVV).
  • Fruit bats are the major carriers of the disease. 

Symptoms and Treatment:

  • Human-to-human transmission occurs through direct contact with infected people’s blood, secretions, organs, or other bodily fluids. 
  • High fever, severe headache, and severe malaise accompanied by muscle aches and pains are common symptoms of the disease.
  • There are no specific vaccines or antiviral treatments to treat the disease. 
  •  While the Ebola vaccine may potentially protect against a Marburg virus infection, clinical studies are yet to confirm this. 


  • PV Sindhu wins Singapore Open

PV Sindhu won the first Super 500 title of her career when she defeated reigning Asian champion, Wang Zhi Yi of China in the final of the Singapore Open.

About BWF Super Tournaments 

  • The HSBC BWF World Tour is a circuit of 26 tournaments.
  • The 26 tournaments are divided into five levels – Super 1000 (three tournaments), Super 750 (five tournaments), Super 500 (seven tournaments) and Super 300 (eleven tournaments). 
  • Each of these tournaments offers different ranking points and prize money. The highest points and prize pool is offered at the Super 1000 level. 

What is the Singapore Open?

  • The Singapore Open is a badminton event that has been held in Singapore annually since 1929. 
  • Badminton World Federation has categorised Singapore Open as one of the seven BWF World Tour Super 500 events in the BWF events structure since 2018.
  • In 2023, the tournament will be upgraded to a Super 750 event.
  • Commonwealth games 2022 to begin on 28th July

The 2022 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XXII Commonwealth Games, is an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth that is scheduled to be held in Birmingham, England, from 28 July to 8 August 2022.

About 2022 Commonwealth Games:

  • Nations participating: 72 Commonwealth nations
  • Host City: Birmingham, England
  • Motto: Games for Everyone
  • Main venue: Alexander Stadium
  • The mascot for the 2022 Birmingham Commonwealth Games is Perry, a multi-coloured, jazzy bull with an athletic build.
  • Miraj Khan – First Indian to win skeet gold at ISSF World Cup

Two-time Olympian Mairaj Ahmad Khan created history by becoming the first Indian shooter to win the gold medal in the men’s skeet event at the ISSF World Cup in Changwon, South Korea. India also won a bronze in the women’s 50m rifle three positions team event.

About ISSF World Cup:

  • The International Shooting Sport Federation introduced the ISSF World Cup in 1986 to provide a homogeneous system for qualification to the Olympic shooting competitions. 
  • It is still carried out in the Olympic shooting events, with four yearly competitions.
  • The 1st Khelo India Fencing Women’s League

The 1st Khelo India Fencing Women’s league is scheduled to start on July 25 at the Talkatora Indoor Stadium, New Delhi, to be held over 3 phases.

What is Khelo India Fencing Women’s League?

  • The Khelo India Fencing Women’s League is yet another endeavour by the Khelo India’s Sports for Women component, which takes the most necessary steps to power more female participation in a wide array of sports competitions. 
  • The support extends to giving grants and helping in the proper organisation and execution of the events. 

About Fencing:

  • Equipment: Epee, Foil, Sabre, Body cord, Lame, Grip
  • Olympics: Part of the Summer Olympic programme since 1896
  • Team members: Singles or Team Relay
  • Contact: Semi-contact
  • First played: Between the 17th and 19th centuries Europe.
  • Highest governing body: FIE
  • Novak Djokovic has won his seventh Wimbledon

Novak Djokovic won the title after coming from a set down to beat Nick Kyrgios 4-6, 6-3, 6-4, 7-6 (3) in the men’s final. 

Novak Djokovic has won his seventh Wimbledon title after beating Nick Kyrgios in the men’s final. It is Djokovic’s 21st Grand Slam title overall, putting him one behind record-holder Rafael Nadal.

Wimbledon 2022 List of Winners in all Events

1Men’s SinglesN. DjokovicN. Kyrgios
2Women’s SinglesE. RybakinaO. Jabeur
3Men’s DoublesM. Ebden and M. PurcellN. Mektic and M. Pavic
4Women’s DoublesK. Siniakova and B. KrejcikovaS. Zhang and E. Mertens
5Mixed DoublesD. Krawczyk and N. SkupskiM. Ebden and S. Stosur
  • Gujarat will host the 36th National Games for the first time

Gujarat will host the 36th National Games from September 27 to October 10. The first time the state is hosting a prestigious sporting event. 

After seven years, the event will be held in six cities – Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot, and Bhavnagar.

About the National Games:

The National Games of India comprises various disciplines in which sportsmen from the different states of India participate against each other. 

The National Games of India were earlier used to take place as Indian Olympic Games, which were held in North India (Delhi, Lahore, Allahabad, Patiala), Chennai, Calcutta, and Mumbai. 

  1. Motto: Get Set Play
  2. First event: 1924
  3. Occur every: Uneven
  4. Headquarters: Olympic Bhawan, New Delhi
  • Ferrari’s Charles Leclerc wins Austrian Grand Prix

Ferrari’s Charles Leclerc won the Austrian Grand Prix and claimed his third championship of the 2022 Formula One season. Ferrari’s first victory in Austria since Michael Schumacher won there in 2003. Leclerc moved up to second overall but is still a distant 38 points behind Verstappen. 

About 2022 Austrian Grand Prix:

  • The 2022 Austrian Grand Prix was a Formula One international motor race held on 10 July 2022 at the Red Bull Ring in Spielberg, Austria. It was the second Grand Prix weekend of the 2022 season to utilise the Formula One sprint format.

Awards and recognition

  • Ukrainian mathematician Maryna Viazovska receives Fields Medal

Ukrainian mathematician Maryna Viazovska was named as one of four recipients of the 2022 Fields Medal, an honour often described as the Nobel Prize in mathematics.

The other winners were French mathematician Hugo Duminil-Copin of the University of Geneva; Korean-American mathematician June Huh of Princeton; and British mathematician James Maynard of the University of Oxford.

What is the Fields Medal?

  • The Fields Medal is awarded every four years to mathematicians under age 40.
  • The International Mathematical Union awards the Fields Medal (IMU), an international non-governmental and non-profit scientific organisation.
  • The winners are announced at the International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM), which was supposed to be held in Russia this year but was moved to Helsinki.
  • Order of the Rising Sun award to Sanmar Group

The government of Japan has conferred the ‘Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star’ award to Sanmar Group Vice Chairman Narayanan Kumar in recognition of his contribution to strengthening economic relations between Japan and India.

About the ‘Order of the Rising Sun’ award:

  • The ‘Order of the Rising Sun is a Japanese order established in 1875.
  • The Order was the first national decoration awarded by the Japanese government on 10 April 1875 by the Council of State decree.
  • It is awarded to those who have distinguished achievements in international relations, promoting Japanese culture or advancements in their field.
  •  It is the third highest honour bestowed by the Japanese government.
  • TIME magazine’s list of the world’s greatest places of 2022

Ahmedabad city and the state of Kerala has been listed by TIME magazine among the “50 extraordinary destinations to explore” in its list of the world’s greatest places of 2022. The list is compiled through nominations from its international network of correspondents and contributors, “with an eye toward those offering new and exciting experiences.” 

Why is Ahmedabad included in the list?

  • India’s first UNESCO World Heritage City, Ahmedabad boasts both the ancient landmarks and contemporary innovations that make it a mecca for cultural tourism, from the serene Gandhi Ashram that sits on 36 acres on the banks of the Sabarmati River to Navratri, a vibrant nine-day celebration billed as the longest dance festival in the world.

Why is Kerala included in the list?

  • Kerala is included for its spectacular beaches, lush backwaters, temples, and palaces.
  •  It’s known as “God’s own country.”
  • This year, Kerala is boosting motor-home tourism in India to inspire a new style of exploration and accommodation.

Books and Authors

  • A New edition of Viswanathan Anand’s memoir ‘Mind Master’ was released by Hachette India

Viswanathan Anand, a five-time world chess champion has released an enhanced paperback edition of his critically acclaimed autobiography “Mind Master: Winning Lessons from a Champion’s Life,” according to Hachette India. 

The book is available for purchase from 15 July and includes an extra chapter on how to deal with uncertainty and quickly shifting reality in the wake of the pandemic. Anand co-wrote it with journalist-author Susan Ninan.

In “Mind Master,” Anand takes stock of a lifetime of games played, opponents faced, and problems overcame and extracts valuable insights that will aid every reader in overcoming life’s obstacles. Anand touches on several pearls throughout the book with his signature humour, unassuming wisdom, and disarming honesty.

  • Dr S Jaishankar launches ‘Connecting through Culture’

An anthology of essays on many facets of India’s soft power strengths, titled “Connecting through Culture,” was released at Sushma Swaraj Bhavan in New Delhi, India, by External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar. According to the Minister, the book is the “good cop” in diplomatic relations and may be used to persuade people to cooperate with India since “it fosters a sense of comfort about India.”

It draws out the knowledge of many facets of India by taking distinct aspects of India. The anthology contributes significantly to understanding, respecting, and valuing India in many ways.

  • Himachal Governor Rajendra Vishwanath unveils book ‘The McMahon line’

The McMahon line: A Century of Discord is a new book by Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar, the governor of Himachal Pradesh. General JJ Singh (Retd), a former Chief of Army Staff and the former governor of Arunachal Pradesh, wrote the book (CoAS). The experiences and studies of General JJ Singh on the India-China boundary issue served as the foundation for the book. 

The book’s core message is that General JJ Singh (Retd) has written down his experience, research, and practical knowledge, all of which may be useful. The text strongly emphasised geography, history, structure, and politics.

  • A book titled “Dilip Kumar: In the Shadow of a Legend” by Faisal Farooqui

Author Faisal Farooqui recently published a new book about Yusuf Khan, also known as Dilip Kumar, a great actor in Indian cinema. “In the Shadow of a Legend: Dilip Kumar” is the book’s name. More than Dilip Kumar, the actor, the book is a tribute to Dilip Kumar, the man. One of India’s top review and rating websites, Mouthshut.com, was founded and is led by Farooqui.

The book’s main idea is to create a close-up portrayal of the actor in the book by shedding light on some little-known tales from his long career. The book shows us, Dilip Kumar, as he is, away from the big screen, where he became such a beloved character.

  • Uttarakhand CM Dhami released the book “BEYOND THE MISTY VEIL”

The book “BEYOND THE MISTY VEIL,” Temple Tales of Uttarakhand by Ms Aradhana Johri (Senior IAS), was published about the temples in Uttarakhand by Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami. This book will be regarded as an authoritative introduction to Uttarakhand’s sacred temples domestically and abroad.

We learn about our culture and mythology from the book based on the mythological temples of Devbhoomi, Uttarakhand.

The book discusses the temples of Uttarakhand, their historical significance, and the legends surrounding them.

July – Important International Days
11 JulyWorld Population DayTo shift the focus of the world governments on population issues.
15 JulyWorld Youth Skills DayIts objective is to spread awareness about technical and vocational education training and develop other skills relevant to local and global economies. 
17 JulyWorld Day for International Justice It is also known as the Day of International Criminal Justice or International Justice Day.
18 July International Nelson Mandela DayThe day celebrates Mandela’s life and legacy in a sustainable way that will bring about the needful changes.
20 JulyInternational Chess DayHonouring the Federation Internationale des Eches (FIDES) foundation.
28 JulyWorld Hepatitis DayTo generate an opportunity to step up national and international efforts on hepatitis. 
29 JulyInternational Tiger DayTo spread awareness about the need for the conservation of Tigers and to promote the protection of the natural habitat of tigers. This day is also known as Global Tiger Day.

Also, check:

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