CDS Syllabus 2022: Check Subject-wise Topics and Exam Pattern
  • Written By Monica_Kumari
  • Last Modified 07-09-2022
  • Written By Monica_Kumari
  • Last Modified 07-09-2022

CDS Syllabus 2022: Check Subject-wise Syllabus, Exam Pattern & Book List

CDS Syllabus 2022: The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has released the UPSC Combined Defence Services (CDS) syllabus in the official notification. The CDS 2 notification 2022 was released on May 18, 2022, which included the detailed CDS Syllabus 2022 for all the subjects to be asked in the CDS 2 exam. CDS 2 exam 2022 will be held on September 4, 2022. The UPSC CDS exam syllabus consists of three subjects: General Awareness, Elementary Mathematics, and English. Moreover, this article has also provided the CDS OTA syllabus.

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Candidates must go through the UPSC CDS Syllabus 2022 to determine which chapters and topics will be important in the upcoming exam and plan their studies in a progressive manner with the right approach. It will also save time by preventing from preparing for something irrelevant to this examination. Read this article to have the latest UPSC CDS Syllabus PDF and CDS OTA syllabus.

UPSC CDS Syllabus 2022: Overview

The following table shows a summary of the UPSC CDS exam 2022:

Conducting BodyUnion Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Exam NameCombined Defence Services (CDS) Exam
Exam LevelNational Level
Frequency of ExamTwice a year
Mode of ExamOffline
CDS-I Exam DateApril 10, 2022
CDS-II Exam DateSeptember 04, 2022
Selection ProcessWritten Exam and SSB Interview
After SelectionTraining at IMA/OTA/INA/AFA
Exam DurationOne day

Appearing for the Combined Defence Services I exam requires aspirants to be in line with the needed CDS eligibility criteria, failing which there will be no applications considered for the exam. Those who satisfy the eligibility are called to participate in one of the rounds included in the CDS selection process. To get to the next round of the selection, i.e. SSB interview, all aspirants must first clear the first round, a Written Test.

UPSC CDS Subject-wise Syllabus 2022

The question in the UPSC Combined Defence Services exam comes from various subjects. Furthermore, the number of subjects varies for different training courses. Candidates can check the UPSC CDS Subjects for the Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA), and Air Force Academy (AFA) below:

  • English
  • General Knowledge (GK)
  • Elementary Mathematics

In comparison, UPSC CDS Subjects for the Officers’ Training Academy (OTA) are as follows:

  • English
  • General Knowledge (GK)

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  • 1st Step: Visit Embibe’s official website, i.e., Embibe.
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Let us know the subject-wise syllabus for UPSC CDS 2022 in detail below:

  • CDS English Syllabus
  • CDS GK Syllabus
  • CDS Maths Syllabus

CDS English Syllabus

Just like the syllabus for other subjects, the syllabus for English is also imperative. The CDS Syllabus for English focuses on vocabulary, grammar, comprehension, sentence structure, and a lot more. Take a look below to get an in-depth understanding of the syllabus:

Practice English Chapters From UPSC CDS
Ordering of Sentences
Fill in the Blanks

CDS General Knowledge Syllabus

A section in the CDS syllabus also sheds light on current affairs, general knowledge, and other day-to-day affairs. Candidates must know the General Knowledge syllabus below to get insights on what type of questions are likely to be asked:

Practice Important General Knowledge Chapters From UPSC CDS

History of India



Physics, Chemistry, Biology

Books & Authors
Culture and Traditions, etc.

To score good marks in the General Knowledge segment, all candidates should keep an eye on the current affairs happening worldwide (not just in India). The questions might be asked from any country, irrespective of the location.

CDS Maths Syllabus

The CDS Maths syllabus for the Elementary Mathematics exam derives topics from the high school syllabus: Arithmetic, Geometry, Algebra, Trigonometry, Statistics, and Mensuration. The Maths syllabus is further divided into sub-topics that the registered applicants can check to have better clarity:

Practice Important Mathematics Chapters From UPSC CDS
Number Systems
Simplification and Approximation
Ratio and Proportion
Progression and Series
Algebraic Expressions
Exponentials and Logarithms
Sets, Relations and Functions
Graphical Representation of Data
Organisation of Data
Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion
Data Sufficiency
Geometrical Shapes
Coordinate Geometry

CDS Elementary Mathematics Syllabus – Arithmetic

The Arithmetic section tests your knowledge of Number systems, Elementary Number Theory, and other basic concepts as below:

  • Basic Operations (Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division)
  • Number Series (Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real Numbers)
  • Square Roots, Decimal Fractions
  • Unitary Method
  • Time and Distance
  • Time and Work
  • Percentage
  • Applications to Simple and Compound Interest
  • Profit and Loss
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Variation
  • Division Algorithm
  • Prime and Composite Numbers
  • Tests of Divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11
  • Multiples and Factors
  • Factorisation
  • Theorems
  • Highest Common Factor (HCF)
  • Lowest Common Multiple (LCM)
  • Euclidean Algorithm
  • Logarithms to Base 10
  • Laws of Logarithms
  • Use of Logarithmic Tables

CDS Elementary Mathematics Syllabus – Algebra

The CDS Maths syllabus for Algebra is given below:

  • Simple Factors
  • Remainder Theorem
  • Highest Common Factor
  • Lowest Common Multiple
  • Theory of Polynomials
  • Solutions of Quadratic Equations
  • The relation between Quadratic Equation Roots and Coefficients
  • Simultaneous Linear Equations- Analytical and Graphical Solutions
  • Simultaneous Linear Inequations in Two Variables and their Solutions
  • Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable and their solutions
  • Set Language and Set Notation
  • Rational Expressions
  • Conditional Identities
  • Laws of Indices

CDS Elementary Mathematics Syllabus – Geometry

The CDS Maths syllabus for Geometry is given below:

  • Lines and Angles, Plane and Plane Figures, Theorems on Properties of Angles at a Point
  • Parallel Lines
  • Sides and Angles of a Triangle
  • Congruency of Triangles
  • Similar Triangles
  • The concurrence of Medians and Altitudes
  • Properties of Angles, Sides, and Diagonals of a Parallelogram, Rectangle, and Square
  • Circles and its Properties Including Tangents and Normals
  • Loci

CDS Elementary Mathematics Syllabus- Statistics

The CDS Maths syllabus for Statistics is given below:

  • Collection and Tabulation of Statistical Data
  • Graphical Representation
  • Frequency Polygons
  • Histograms
  • Bar Charts
  • Pie Charts
  • Measures of Central Tendency

CDS Elementary Mathematics Syllabus – Trigonometry

The CDS Maths syllabus for Trigonometry is given below:

  • Sin x, Cosine x, Tangent x when 0 degree < x< 90 degree values of Sin x
  • Cos x and Tan x for x= degree 0, 30, 45, 60 and 90
  • Simple Trigonometric Identities
  • Use of Trigonometric Tables
  • Simple Cases of Heights and Distance

CDS Elementary Mathematics Syllabus – Mensuration

The CDS Maths syllabus for Mensuration is given below:

  • Area of Square
  • Rectangle
  • Parallelograms
  • Triangle
  • Circle
  • Area of Figures, which can be Split up into Figures (field book)
  • Surface Area and Volume of Cuboids
  • Lateral Surface
  • Volume of Right Circular Cones and Cylinders
  • Surface Area and Volume of Spheres

CDS OTA Syllabus 2022

The CDS OTA has two subjects for its exam. They are English and General Ability Test (GAT). Check the syllabus for both subjects below.

CDS OTA English Syllabus

The CDS OTA syllabus for English is given below:

  • Sentence arrangement
  • Spotting Error
  • Selecting words
  • Synonyms and Antonyms
  • Comprehension
  • Ordering of Sentence
  • Ordering of words
  • Idioms and Phrases
  • Fill up the blanks

CDS OTA GAT Syllabus

The CDS OTA syllabus for GAT is given below:

  • Current Affairs
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Geography
  • History
  • Politics
  • Sociology
  • Economics
  • Defence Related Awards
  • Sports and Culture
  • Environmental Science

UPSC CDS Exam Pattern

While studying the CDS exam pattern, all participants must understand that General Knowledge, Elementary Math, and English are required when preparing for admission into AFA, INA, and IMA. However, for OTA, there is a need for Math; only the first two subjects have been considered in the exam pattern.

To know more about which subjects need to be studied, please refer to the CDS exam pattern. Let us have a look at the exam pattern for better understanding:

CDS Exam Pattern for IMA/ INA/ AFA

Here’s the CDS 2022 exam pattern for admission to IMA/INA/AFA:

TopicsMaximum MarksTime Duration
Elementary Math1002 Hours
English1002 Hours
General knowledge (GK)1002 Hours
Total3006 Hours

CDS OTA Exam Pattern

For admission to the Officers’ Training Academy, the CDS 2022 exam pattern is as under:

TopicsMaximum marksTime Duration
English1002 Hours
General knowledge (GK)1002 Hours
Total2004 Hours

CDS Intelligence and Personality Test

Candidates who qualify for the Written Test will be called for the SSB Interview. The SSB Interview consists of Stage I and Stage II. Aspirants who clear Stage I will go ahead for Stage II.

Stage I: This stage has tests based on Picture Perception (PP), Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR), and Description Test (DT). Aspirants are shortlisted based on their combined OIR Test, PP and DT performance.

Stage II: This stage comprises an Interview, Psychology Tests, Group Testing Officer Tasks, and the Conference. This stage takes over 4 days to get completed.

CDS Preparation Tips 2022

It is essential for candidates to properly prepare for the exam in order to perform exceptionally well. They must develop an accurate plan for completing the syllabus on time and also be able to complete the exam on time. We have provided preparation tips shared by experts to help candidates outperform in the exam.

  • They must become acquainted with the CDS syllabus and exam format.
  • Create a strategy based on the topics that will receive the most weightage and the candidates’ weaknesses.
  • They must consistently practise previous year’s papers to assess and improve their level of preparation.
  • They must continue to revise previously learned concepts.
  • They will need to brush up on the fundamentals to improve the speed and accuracy required to complete the question papers on time.

You can also check –

CDS ExamCDS Recruitment Notification
CDS Application FormCDS Eligibility
CDS Cut-offCDS Admit Card
CDS Exam DatesCDS Books
CDS PreparationCDS Selection Process
CDS Question PapersCDS Exam Centres
CDS Answer Key

FAQs on UPSC CDS Syllabus 2022

Below are the frequently asked questions regarding UPSC CDS Syllabus 2022:

Q.1: Who prescribes UPSC CDS Syllabus?
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) prescribes the syllabus for CDS.

Q.2: What is the level of the CDS Mathematics Syllabus?
The questions asked in the Mathematics section will be of Class 10 (Matriculation) level. Whereas, for other subjects, the questions will be of Graduation level.

Q.3: How many sections are in the CDS exam?
CDS for IMA/ INA/ AFA has three sections, i.e., Elementary Maths, English, and General knowledge (GK). However, CDS for OTA has only two sections, i.e., English and General knowledge (GK).

Q.4: What is the CDS syllabus for English?
The English syllabus contains topics like Spotting Errors, Sentence Arrangement, Synonyms & Antonyms, Ordering of Sentences, Reading Comprehension, Fill in the blanks, etc.

Q.5: What is the syllabus for CDS General Knowledge?
The syllabus for CDS General Knowledge consists of History of India, Geography, Politics, Economics, Sociology, Sports, Awards, Books & Authors, Culture & Traditions, etc.

We hope that this detailed article on the UPSC CDS Syllabus 2022 helps you. If you have any queries, feel free to check our website or download our app. We will be happy to help you out.

Stay tuned to for the latest news and updates on UPSC CDS 2022.

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