Goa Board Class 12 Exam

Start your preparation now with Embibe to increase
your selection chances

  • Unlimited access to Embibe classes
  • Attempt latest pattern mock tests
  • Chat with subject experts 24/7

By signing up, you agree to our
Privacy Policy and Terms & Conditions

  • Written by gnanambigai
  • Last Modified on 19-06-2023
  • Written by gnanambigai
  • Last Modified on 19-06-2023

Goa Board Class 12 Exam

About Exam

Goa Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education (GBSHSE) conducts the Class 12 examination every year in March or April. GBSHSE will release the timetable for the Class 12 Exam on October 2024. The Goa HSSC exams are conducted in 2 parts – first term and second term. Students need to pass both exams to qualify in both the exams to get admission to higher education.

In this article, we have provided all the important information like subject-wise syllabus, exam dates, exam pattern, etc. Students should start studying from the beginning of the exam session to score excellent marks in the Board exams. They can take mock tests and solve sample questions on the Embibe app for practice. Read on to know more details about Goa Board Class 12 exams.


Goa Board Class 12 Exam Summary

All necessary details about the Goa Class 12 examination conducted by GBSHSE are tabulated below. The table gives a clear idea about the exam, the various options of languages available, and the important dates.

Name of the Board Goa Board of Secondary & Higher Secondary Education (GBSHSE)
Class  Class 12
Exam Date

Term 1 – November 2023

Term 2 – March 2024

Availability of Admit Card To be released
Goa board 12th result 2024 date To be released
Article About Goa Board Class 12 Exams
Official Website gbshse.info

Goa Board Class 12 Exam Official Website


Goa Board Class 12 Latest Updates


Once the 2023-24 notification is released, we will update the same here.

Goa Board Class 12 Exam Pattern

Exam Pattern

The exam pattern for Goa Board HSSC exams includes information regarding the question paper, such as the number and kind of questions, parts of the paper, and marks distribution. The GBSHSE exam pattern varies depending on which papers are featured in the exam. For Biology, Chemistry, Geography, Physics, the practical paper is worth 30 marks, while the theory paper is worth 70 marks. For non-practical topics such as Mathematics, History, Accounting, and Sociology, the theory paper is worth 80 marks, with the remaining 20 marks going to internal assessments and projects.


  • The theory paper is of 70 marks and of 2.5 hours duration. 
  • The syllabus is prepared in accordance with the core syllabus provided by CBSE. 
  • The questions will be from all the units. 
  • The question paper will have four sections A, B, C & D.
    • Section A will have 8 questions of one mark each. 
    • Section B will have 10 questions of 2 marks each.
    • Section C will have 9 questions of 3 marks each.
    • Section D will have 3 questions of 5 marks each. 
    • Total number of questions will be 30. 
  • All questions will be compulsory. 
  • There will be no overall choice. However, an internal choice will be provided in one question of section B, one question of section C and all the questions of section D. 
  • A student has to attempt only one of the alternatives in such questions.

Exam Pattern Details - Total Time

Goa Board Class 12 examination is conducted for 2.5 hours or 150 minutes.

Candidates can further check details of the theoretical assessment for Class 12 below:

For Class 12 General Stream: Non-Practical Subjects

  • First term exams consist of 40 marks and last for 90 minutes.
  • Second term exams consist of 40 marks and last for 90 minutes.
  • Two 20-mark internal tests in the first term and one 20-mark internal test in the second term (Innovative Test) will be conducted to round up the average of the three tests to 20 marks.

Non-Practical Subjects

First Internal
20 20 20 40 40 100

For Class 12 General Stream: Practical Subjects

  • First term exams are for 40 marks and last 90 minutes.
  • Second term exams are conducted for 30 marks with a 75-minute time limit.
  • A 20-mark year-end practical is conducted too.
  • Two 20-mark internal tests in the first term and one 20-mark internal test in the second term (Innovative Test) are conducted to round up the average of the three tests to 20 marks.

Practical Subjects

First Internal
Year-End Practical Grand Total
20 20 20 40 30 20 100

For Class 12 Vocational Stream: English Communication Skills/General Foundation Course Subjects

  • First term exams are conducted for 40 marks and for 90 minutes.
  • Second term exams are conducted for 30 marks with a 75-minute time limit.
  • Two 20-mark internal tests in the first term and one 20-mark internal exam in the second term (Innovative Test) are conducted to round up the average of the three tests to 30 marks. 
  • The practical exam for English Communication Skill and the General Foundation Course are also included in these assessments.

For English Communication Skills & General Foundation Course Subjects

First Internal
20 20 20 40 30 100

For Class 12 Vocational Stream: Practical Subjects

  • First term is worth 40 marks and lasts for 90 minutes.
  • Second term is for 30 marks with a time limit of 75 minutes.
  • To round up the average of the three tests to 30 points, two 20-mark internal tests in the first term and one 20-mark internal exam in the second term (Innovative Test) are conducted. 
  • These exams also comprise the Practical Exam for English Communication Skills and the General Foundation Course.

Practical Subjects

First Internal
Year-End Practical Grand Total
20 20 20 20 20 100 150


Goa Board Class 12 Exam Date 2024

Students should know all the exam dates for the Goa Board Class 12 Term 2 exam. It will help them allocate sufficient time to study and revision. The Goa Board Class 12 Term 2 timetable is given in the table below:

Date Subjects
March 2024 Marathi Language I, English Language I, English Language I (CWSN)
March 2024 Automobile, Health Care, Retail, Tourism & Hospitality, Beauty & Wellness, Apparel, Construction, Media & Entertainment, Agriculture, Electronics-Installation Technician, Electronics Field Technician, Logistics Management, Painting
March 2024 Accountancy, Physics, History, History (CSWN)
March 2024 Political Science, Political Science (CSWN)
March 2024

Mathematics, Mathematics & Statistics, Secretarial Practice

March 2024 Sociology, Sociology (CSWN)
March 2024

Chemistry, Business Studies

March 2024 Banking, Computer Science, Co-operation, Co-operation (CSWN)
March 2024 Psychology, Psychology (CSWN), Cookery
March 2024 Biology, Geology, Economics, Economics (CSWN)
March 2024 English Language II, Urdu Language II, Sanskrit Language II, French Language II, Portuguese Language II, Konkani Language II, Konkani Language II (CWSN)
March 2024 Hindi Language II, Hindi Language II (CWSN)
March 2024 Marathi Language II, Marathi Language II (CWSN)
March 2024

Geography, Geography (CSWN)


Goa Board Class 12 Exam Syllabus

Exam Syllabus

For the academic year 2023-24, the board has decided that the syllabus for Class 12 will be the same as that of the last academic year.

Internal assessment/practical/project work will be made more credible and valid per the criteria to notify the board to ensure a fair distribution of marks.

Details of Curriculum Transaction

  • Teachers will continue to teach in online mode until the authorities allow schools to teach in offline mode.
  • Internal assessments for Class 12 would involve three periodic tests throughout the year, regardless of Terms 1 and 2. The third would be a creative one, with practical labour and other activities thrown in for good measure. This includes unit tests, exploratory activities, and practical projects.
  • For all tests completed throughout the year, schools would establish a student profile and keep the data in a digital format.
  • The board will make it easier for schools to upload the internal assessment marks to the board’s IT platform.
  • Along with the rationalised term-by-term divided syllabus for 2023-24, guidelines for internal assessments for all topics will be provided. Additional resources, such as sample tests, question banks, teacher training, and so on, are available to make internal assessments more reliable and valid.

Goa Board Class 12 Mathematics Syllabus

The below table consists of the detailed Maths syllabus for Goa Board Class 12 students:

Chapter Numbers Chapter Names and Topics
1 Relations and Functions
Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions, composite functions, inverse of a function.
2 Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Definition, range, domain, principal value branch. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions. Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions
3 Matrices
Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew symmetric matrices. Operation on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. On Commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restrict to square matrices of order 2). Concept of elementary row and column operations. Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all matrices will have real entries).
4 Determinants
Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), properties of determinants, minors, cofactors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of systems of linear equations by examples, solving systems of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using the inverse of a matrix.
5 Continuity & Derivatives
Continuity and differentiability, derivative of composite functions, chain rule, derivative of inverse trigonometric functions, derivative of implicit functions. Concept of exponential and logarithmic functions. Derivatives of logarithmic and exponential functions. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms. Second order derivatives. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems (without proof) and their geometric interpretation
6 Applications of Derivatives
Applications of derivatives: rate of change of bodies, increasing/decreasing functions, tangents and normals, use of derivatives in approximation, maxima and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool). Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real-life situations).
7 Integration
Integration as an inverse process of differentiation. Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them

Definite integrals as a limit of a sum, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof).Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals
8 Application of Integration
Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, circles/ parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only), area between any of the two above said curves (the region should be clearly identifiable).
9 Differential Equations
Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation. Formation of differential equations whose general solution is given. Solution of differential equations by method of separation of variables, solutions of homogeneous differential equations of first order and first degree. Solutions of linear differential equation of the type:
dy/dx + py = q, where p and q are functions of x or constants. d?/d? + px = q, where p and q are functions of y or constants.
10 Vectors
Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector. Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Definition, Geometrical Interpretation, properties and application of scalar (dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors, scalar triple product of vectors.
11 3 Dimensional Geometry
Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points. Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, coplanar and skew lines, shortest distance between two lines. Cartesian and vector equation of a plane. Angle between (i) two lines, (ii) two planes, (iii) a line and a plane. Distance of a point from a plane.
12 Linear Programming
Introduction, related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimisation, different types of linear programming (L.P.) problems, mathematical formulation of L.P. problems, graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions (bounded or unbounded), feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three non-trivial constraints).
13 Probability
Conditional probability, multiplication theorem on probability, independent events, total probability, Bayes’ theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution, mean and variance of a random variable, Binomial probability distribution.


Goa Board Class 12 English Syllabus

Below are the chapter and prose names for Goa board Class 12 English:

Section Chapter/Poetry Names
Poetry To a Daughter Leaving Home
Poison tree
House with a Grey Gate
The Lost Dances of Cranes
Where the Mind is Without Fear
The Song of the Jellicles
All the World’s A Stage
Prose The Street that Got Mislaid
A Magical Animal
Three Questions
Catastrophe at Chernobyl
The Last Class
Elephants that Struck
An Education in Science
The Gold Frame
One More Chance

Goa Board Class 12 Physics Syllabus

Find the detailed syllabus for Goa board Class 12 Physics below:

Chapter Number Chapter Names and Topics
1 Electric Charges and Fields
Introduction, Electric Charge, Conductors and Insulators, Charging by Induction, Basic Properties of Electric Charge, Coulomb’s law, Forces between multiple charges, Electric field, Electric field lines, Electric flux, Electric dipole, Dipole in a uniform external field, continuous charge distribution, Gauss’s law, applications of Gauss’s law
2 Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Introduction, Electrostatic Potential, Potential Due to a Point Charge, Potential Due To An Electric Dipole, Potential Due To A System Of Charges, Equipotential Surfaces, Potential Energy of a System of Charges, Potential Energy In An External Field, Electrostatics of Conductors, Dielectrics And Polarisation, Capacitors And Capacitance, The Parallel Plate Capacitor, Effect of Dielectric on Capacitance, Combination Of Capacitors, Energy Stored in a Capacitor
3 Current Electricity
Introduction, Electric Current, Electric Currents In Conductors, Ohm’s Law, Drift Of Electrons And The Origin Of Resistivity, Limitations Of Ohm’s Law, Resistivity Of Various Materials, Temperature Dependence Of Resistivity, Electrical Energy, Power, Combination Of Resistors – Series And Parallel, Cells, Emf, Internal Resistance, Cells In Series And In Parallel, Kirchhoff’s Rules, Wheatstone Bridge, Meter Bridge, Potentiometer
4 Moving Charges and Magnetism
Magnetic Force, Motion In A Magnetic Field, Motion In Combined Electric And Magnetic Field, Magnetic Field Due To A Current Element, Biot Savart Law, Magnetic Field On The Axis Of A Circular Current Loop, Ampere’s Circuital Law, The Solenoid And The Toroid, Force Between Two Parallel Currents, The Amper, Torque On Current Loop, Magnetic Dipole, The Moving Coil Galvanometer
5 Magnetism and Matter
Introduction, The Bar Magnet, Magnetism And Gauss’s Law, The Earth’s Magnetism, Magnetisation And Magnetic Intensity, Magnetic Properties Of Materials, Permanent Magnets And Electromagnets
6 Electromagnetic Induction
Introduction, The Experiments of Faraday and Henry, Magnetic Flux, Faraday’s Law of Induction, Lenz’s Law and Conservation of Energy, Motional Electromotive Force, Energy Consideration: A Quantitative Study, Eddy Currents, Inductance (Self & Mutual), AC Generator
7 Alternating Current
Introduction, AC Voltage Applied to Resistor, Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors – Phasors, AC Voltage Applied to Inductor, AC Voltage Applied to Capacitor, AC Voltage Applied to a Series LCR Circuit, Power in AC Circuit, LC Oscillations, Transformers
8 Electromagnetic Waves
Introduction, Displacement Current, Electromagnetic Waves, Electromagnetic Spectrum
9 Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Introduction, Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors, Refraction, Total Internal Reflection, Refraction at Spherical Surfaces and by Lenses, Refraction through a Prism, Dispersion by a Prism, Some Natural Phenomena due to Sunlight, Optical Instruments
10 Wave Optics
Introduction, Huygens Principle, Refraction and Reflection of Plane Waves using Huygens Principle, Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves, Interference of Light Waves and Young’s Experiment, Diffraction, Polarisation
11 Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Introduction, Electron Emission, Photoelectric Effect, Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect, Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light, Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation, Particle Nature of Light: The Photon, Wave Nature of Matter, Davisson and Germer Experiment
12 Atoms
Introduction, Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom, Atomic Spectra, Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom, The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom, DE Broglie’s Explanation of Bohr’s Second Postulate of Quantisation
13 Nuclei
Introduction, Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus, Size of the Nucleus, Mass-Energy and Nuclear Binding Energy, Nuclear Force, Radioactivity, Nuclear Energy
14 Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Introduction, Classification of Metals, Conductors and Semiconductors, Intrinsic Semiconductor, Extrinsic Semiconductor, p-n Junction, Semiconductor Diode, Application of Junction Diode as a Rectifier, Special Purpose p-n Junction Diodes, Digital Electronics and Logic Gates

Goa Board Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus

Candidates can check the detailed syllabus for Goa board class 12 Chemistry below:

Chapter Numbers Chapter Names
1 Solid State
Classification of Solids Based on Different Binding Forces: Molecular, Ionic, Covalent and Metallic Solids, Amorphous and Crystalline Solids (Elementary Idea). Unit Cell in Two Dimensional And Three Dimensional Lattices, Calculation of Density of Unit Cell, Packing in Solids, Packing Efficiency, Voids, Number of Atoms Per Unit Cell in a Cubic Unit Cell, Point Defects
2 Solutions
Types of Solutions, Expression of Concentration of Solutions of Solids In Liquids, Solubility of Gases in Liquids, Solid Solutions, Raoult’s Law, Colligative Properties – Relative Lowering of Vapour Pressure, Elevation of Boiling Point, Depression of Freezing Point, Osmotic Pressure, Determination of Molecular Masses Using Colligative Properties
3 Electrochemistry
Redox Reactions, EMF of a Cell, Standard Electrode Potential, Nernst Equation and Its Application to Chemical Cells, Relation Between Gibbs Energy Change and EMF of a Cell, Conductance In Electrolytic Solutions, Specific and Molar Conductivity, Variations of Conductivity with Concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law, Electrolysis
4 Chemical Kinetics
Rate of a Reaction (Average And Instantaneous), Factors Affecting Rate of Reaction: Concentration, Temperature, Catalyst; Order and Molecularity of a Reaction, Rate Law and Specific Rate Constant, Integrated Rate Equations and Half-Life (Only For Zero And First Order Reactions)
5 Surface Chemistry
Adsorption – Physisorption and Chemisorption, Factors Affecting Adsorption of Gases on Solids, Colloidal State: Distinction Between True Solutions, Colloids and Suspension; Lyophilic, Lyophobic, Multi-Molecular and Macromolecular Colloids; Properties of Colloids; Tyndall Effect, Brownian Movement, Electrophoresis, Coagulation
7 p-Block Elements
Group 15 Elements: General Introduction, Electronic Configuration, Occurrence, Oxidation States, Trends in Physical and Chemical Properties; Nitrogen Preparation Properties and Uses; Compounds of Nitrogen: Preparation and Properties of Ammonia and Nitric Acid. Group 16 Elements: General Introduction, Electronic Configuration, Oxidation States, Occurrence, Trends in Physical and Chemical Properties, Dioxygen: Preparation, Properties and Uses, Classification of Oxides, Ozone, Sulphur -Allotropic Forms; Compounds of Sulphur: Preparation Properties and Uses of Sulphur-Dioxide, Sulphuric Acid: Properties and Uses; Oxoacids of Sulphur (Structures Only). Group 17 Elements: General Introduction, Electronic Configuration, Oxidation States, Occurrence, Trends in Physical and Chemical Properties; Compounds of Halogens, Preparation, Properties and Uses of Chlorine and Hydrochloric Acid, Interhalogen Compounds, Oxoacids of Halogens (Structures Only). Group 18 Elements: General Introduction, Electronic Configuration, Occurrence, Trends in Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses
8 d-block and f-block Elements
General Introduction, Electronic Configuration, Occurrence and Characteristics of Transition Metals, General Trends in Properties of the First Row Transition Metals – Metallic Character, Ionisation Enthalpy, Oxidation States, Ionic Radii, Colour, Catalytic Property, Magnetic Properties, Interstitial Compounds, Alloy Formation. Lanthanoids – Electronic Configuration, Oxidation States and Lanthanoid Contraction and Its Consequences
9 Coordination Compounds
Coordination Compounds – Introduction, Ligands, Coordination Number, Colour, Magnetic Properties and Shapes, Iupac Nomenclature of Mononuclear Coordination Compounds. Bonding, Werner’s Theory, VBT, and CFT
10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, Nature of C–X Bond, Physical and Chemical Properties, Optical Rotation Mechanism of Substitution Reactions. Haloarenes: Nature of C–X Bond, Substitution Reactions (Directive Influence of Halogen In Monosubstituted Compounds Only)
11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Alcohols: Nomenclature, Methods of Preparation, Physical and Chemical Properties (of Primary Alcohols Only), Identification of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Alcohols, Mechanism of Dehydration. Phenols: Nomenclature, Methods of Preparation, Physical and Chemical Properties, Acidic Nature of Phenol, Electrophilic Substitution Reactions, Uses of Phenols. Ethers: Nomenclature, Methods of Preparation, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses
12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, Nature of Carbonyl Group, Methods of Preparation, Physical and Chemical Properties, Mechanism of Nucleophilic Addition, Reactivity of Alpha Hydrogen in Aldehydes, Uses. Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, Acidic Nature, Methods of Preparation, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses
13 Amines
Amines: Nomenclature, Classification, Structure, Methods of Preparation, Physical and Chemical Properties, Uses, Identification of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Amines.
14 Biomolecules
Classification (Aldoses And Ketoses), Monosaccharides (Glucose and Fructose), D-L Configuration Proteins -Elementary Idea of – Amino Acids, Peptide Bond, Polypeptides, Proteins, Structure of Proteins – Primary, Secondary, Tertiary Structure and Quaternary Structures (Qualitative Idea Only), Denaturation of Proteins. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA

Goa Board Class 12 Biology Syllabus

The below table consists of a detailed syllabus for Goa board Class 12 Biology:

Unit Number Unit Name Chapter Name Topics
1 Reproduction Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants Flower Structure, Development of Male and Female Gametophyte, Pollination – Types, Agencies and Examples; Outbreeding Devices, Pollen-Pistil Interaction; Double Fertilisation, Post-Fertilisation Events, Development of Endosperm and Embryo, Development of Seed and Formation of Fruit; Special Modes – Apomixis, Parthenocarpy, Polyembryony, Significance of Seed Dispersal and Fruit Formation
Human Reproduction Male and Female Reproductive System; Microscopic Anatomy of Testis and Ovary; Gametogenesis – Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis; Menstrual Cycle, Fertilisation Embryo Development Upto Blastocyst Formation, Implantation, Pregnancy and Placenta Formation (Elementary Idea), Parturition (Elementary Idea) Lactation (Elementary Idea)
Reproductive Health Need for Reproductive Health and Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (Stds); Birth Control – Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and Assisted Reproductive Technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (elementary idea for general awareness)
2 Genetics and Evolution Principles of Inheritance and Variation Heredity and Variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism – Incomplete Dominance, Codominance, Multiple Alleles and Inheritance of Blood Groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary Idea of Polygenic Inheritance; Chromosome Theory of Inheritance; Chromosomes and Genes; Sex Determination – In Human Being Birds and Honey Bee; Linkage and Crossing Over; Sex Linked Inheritance – Haemophilia, Colour Blindness; Mendelian Disorders in Humans – Thalassemia; Chromosomal Disorders In Humans; Down’s Syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s Syndromes
Molecular Basis of Inheritance Search for Genetic Material and DNA as Genetic Material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA Packaging; DNA Replication; Central Dogma; Transcription, Genetic Code, Translation; Gene Expression and Regulation – Lac Operon; Genome, Human and Rice Genome Projects; DNA Fingerprinting
3 Biology and Human Welfare Human Health and Diseases Pathogens; Parasites Causing Human Diseases (Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya, Filariasis, Ascariasis, Typhoid, Pneumonia, Common Cold, Amoebiasis, Ringworm) and Their Control; Basic Concepts of Immunology – Vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence – Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Microbes in Human Welfare Microbes in Food Processing, Industrial Production, Sewage Treatment, Energy Generation and Microbes as BioControl Agents and Bio-Fertilizers. Antibiotics; Production and Judicious Use
4 Biotechnology and its Applications Biotechnology – Principles and Processes Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA Technology)
Biotechnology and its Application Application of Biotechnology in Health and Agriculture: Human Insulin and Vaccine Production, Stem Cell Technology, Gene Therapy: Genetically Modified Organisms – BT Crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety Issues, Biopiracy and Patents
5 Ecology and Environment Organisms and Populations Organisms and Environment: Habitat and Niche, Population and Ecological Adaptations; Population Interactions – Mutualism, Competition, Predation, Parasitism; Population Attributes – Growth, Birth Rate and Death Rate, Age Distribution
Biodiversity and its Conservation Biodiversity – Concept, Patterns, Importance; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, Endangered Organisms, Extinction, Red Data Book, Sacred Groves, Biosphere Reserves, National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries And Ramsar Sites

Goa Board Class 12 Commerce and Arts Syllabus

Students can find links to the syllabus of various subjects in Commerce and Arts below:

Subject Name Links
Accountancy Goa Board Class 12 Accountancy Syllabus
Business Studies Goa Board Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus
Economics Goa Board Class 12 Economics Syllabus
Statistics Goa Board Class 12 Statistics Syllabus
History Goa Board Class 12 History Syllabus
Geography Goa Board Class 12 Geography Syllabus
Geology Goa Board Class 12 Geology Syllabus
Political Science Goa Board Class 12 Political Science Syllabus

Goa Board Class 12 Physics Blueprint

The below table gives the blueprint for Class 12 Goa Board Physics:

  Knowledge Understanding Application Total
Unit VSA
Electrostatics Q1 Q22
Q16 Q7 Q22
Current Electricity Q2 Q9 Q19 6
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 24
6 23 24
Electromagnetic Induction and AC 18 5 10 6
Electromagnetic waves 8 2
Ray Optics and Wave Optics 20 25
3 15 10
Dual Nature of Matter 11 2
Atoms and Nuclei 21 14 5
Semiconductors 13 17 4 6
Communication Systems 12 2
Marks 1 4 8 6 3 6 12 1 3 6 4 1  
Total Marks 19 22 14 55

Goa Board Class 12 Chemistry Blueprint

The below table gives the blueprint for the Class 12 Goa Board Chemistry exam:

Blueprint for Class 12 Term 1

Unit Number Unit Marks
1 Solid State 10
2 Solutions
3 p-Block Elements 10
4 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 15
5 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
6 Biomolecules
  Total Marks 35

Blueprint for Class 12 Term 2

Unit Number Unit Marks
1 Electrochemistry 13
2 Chemical Kinetics
3 Surface Chemistry
4 d-and f-Block Element 9
5 Coordination Compounds
6 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 13
7 Amines
  Total Marks 35

Goa Board Class 12 Biology Blueprint

The below table gives the blueprint for Class 12 Goa Board Biology exam:

Unit Name Chapter Name Chapter Wise Marks Total Marks
Reproduction Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants 05 14
Human Reproduction 05
Reproductive Health 04
Genetics and Evolution Principles of Inheritance and Variations 09 18
Molecular Basis of Inheritance 09
Biology and Human Welfare Human Health and Diseases 08 14
Microbes in Human Welfare 06
Biotechnology and its Applications Biotechnology – Principles and Processes 07 12
Biotechnology and its Applications 05
Ecology and Environment Organisms and Populations 08 12
Biodiversity and its Conservation 04
    Total Marks 70

Goa Board Class 12 Mathematics Blueprint

The below table gives the blueprint for Class 12 Goa Board Mathematics exam:

Unit Chapters No Of Different Type of Questions Marks Allotted Topic Wise Marks
1 Relations and Functions SA 1 – 2 4 4
  Inverse Trigonometric functions MCQ -1
SA2 – 1
2 Matrices SA1 – 1
LA1 – 1
  Determinants LA1 – 1 4 4
3 Continuity & Derivatives MCQ – 1
SA2 -3
  Applications of Derivatives MCQ – 1
LA2 – 1
  Integration SA1 – 1
SA2 – 1
LA1- 1
LA2 – 1
  Application of Integration LA1 -1 4 4
  Differential Equations MCQ – 2
LA1- 1
4 Vectors SA1- 1
SA2 -1
  3 Dimensional Geometry MCQ- 1
SA1 – 1
LA1 – 1
5 Linear Programming LA1- 1 4 4
6 Probability MCQ- 1
SA1 – 1
SA2 – 1
  Total Marks 30 80 80


Goa Board Class 12 Practical/Experiments List

Below is the list of practicals for the subjects Physics, Chemistry and Biology:

Goa Board Class 12 Practical Component for Physics

  • At least 8 experiments are to be performed (4 from each section).
  • At least 6 activities to be demonstrated by the teacher (3 from each section). 
  • No investigatory project.

Section A Experiments

  1. To determine the resistivity of two/three wires by plotting a graph for potential difference versus current. 
  2. To find the resistance of a given wire/standard resistor using a metre bridge.
  3. To verify the laws of combination (series) of resistances using a metre bridge. OR To verify the laws of combination (parallel) of resistances using a metre bridge.
  4. To compare the EMF of two given primary cells using a potentiometer. 
  5. To determine the internal resistance of a given primary cell using a potentiometer.
  6. To determine the resistance of a galvanometer by half-deflection method and to find its figure of merit.
  7. To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into a voltmeter of the desired range and to verify the same OR To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into an ammeter of the desired range and to verify the same.
  8. To find the frequency of AC mains with a sonometer.

Section A Activities

  1. To measure the resistance and impedance of an inductor with or without an iron core.
  2. To measure resistance, voltage (AC/DC), current (AC) and check the continuity of a given circuit using a multimeter.
  3. To assemble a household circuit comprising three bulbs, three (on/off) switches, a fuse and a power source. 
  4. To assemble the components of a given electrical circuit.
  5. To study the variation in potential drop with the length of a wire for steady current.
  6. To draw the diagram of a given open circuit comprising at least a battery, resistor/rheostat, key, ammeter and voltmeter. Mark the components that are not connected in proper order and correct the circuit and the circuit diagram.

Section B Experiments

  1. To find the value of v for different values of u in the case of a concave mirror and to find the focal length.
  2. To find the focal length of a convex mirror using a convex lens.
  3. To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and 1/v.
  4. To find the focal length of a concave lens using a convex lens. 
  5. To determine the angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between the angle of incidence and angle of deviation. 
  6. To determine the refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
  7. To find the refractive index of a liquid by using a convex lens and a plane mirror. 
  8. To draw the I-V characteristic curve for a p-n junction diode in forward bias and reverse bias. 
  9. To draw the characteristic curve of a Zener diode and to determine its reverse breakdown voltage.

Section B Activities

  1. To identify a diode, an LED, a resistor and a capacitor from a mixed collection of such items. 
  2. Use a multimeter to see the unidirectional flow of current in the case of a diode and an LED and check whether a given electronic component (e.g., diode) is in working order.
  3. To study the effect of intensity of light (by varying distance from the source) on an LDR.
  4. To observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass slab.
  5. To observe polarisation of light using two Polaroids.
  6. To observe diffraction of light due to a thin slit.
  7. To study the nature and size of the image formed by a (i) convex lens, (ii) concave mirror on a screen by using a candle and a screen (for different distances of the candle from the lens/mirror).
  8. To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the given set of lenses.

Goa Board Class 12 Practical Component for Chemistry

Students should present:

  • (a) Minimum of 4 volumetric exercises.
  • (b) 10 inorganic qualitative analyses.
Volumetric Analysis (No dilution) 8 marks
Salt Analysis 10 marks
Journal 2 marks
Total 20 marks

Goa Board Class 12 Practical Component for Biology

List of Experiments 

Section A – Physiology Experiment 

  1. To determine the pH and water holding capacity of a garden or paddy field soil. 
  2. To detect the presence of phosphate, nitrate and sulphate salts in paddy field soil. 
  3. To study B.O.D. of the given sample of pond water.
  4. To study the effect of different temperatures on the action of salivary amylase on starch.
  5. To study the effects of different pH on the action of salivary amylase on starch.

Section B – Preparation of Temporary Stained Slide 

  1. Onion root tip for mitosis 
  2. Onion/Rheo anther for meiosis

Section C – Identification/Spotting 

  1. Adaptations in insect-pollinated flower (Ocimum/Leucas/Salvia) 
  2. Adaptations in wind-pollinated flower (Maize/Grass) 
  3. Study of T.S. of Testis (Any vertebrate) 
  4. Study of T.S. of Ovary (Any vertebrate) 
  5. Study of V.S. of Blastula (Any vertebrate) 
  6. Prepared pedigree chart of inability to roll the tongue 
  7. Prepared pedigree chart of Widow’s peak
  8. Identification of organisms and symptoms of disease caused:
    • a) Ascaris
    • b) Entamoeba
    • c) Plasmodium
  9. Adaptation of plants to dry conditions (Suitable specimen to be given)
  10. Adaptation of plants to aquatic conditions (Suitable specimen to be given) 
  11. Adaptation of animals to dry conditions (Suitable specimen/chart/model to be given) 
  12. Adaptation of animals to aquatic conditions (Suitable specimen to be given)

Pattern of Practical Examination and Marks Distribution

Q1 Any one physiology experiment 06 marks
Q2 Any one temporary stained mount of the given material 04 marks
Q3 Identification of 6 Specimens 06 marks
Q4 Laboratory record/Journal and Viva 04 marks
  Total Marks 20 marks

Goa Board Class 12 Exam Study Plan to Maximise Score

Study Plan to Maximise Score

Below are some highly effective and important tips that can help you score good marks in your Class 12 exams:

  • Keep in mind that you are your own competition. Make an effort to outperform yourself. Practice difficult concepts in the form of tests. If you got a 50 percent in your last exam, try to beat that by getting a 60 percent in the next one. Defeat the previous percentage and strive for higher scores at all times. Rather than focusing on individual topic grades, aim for a higher overall percentage rise. This can help you analyse the specific areas you want to improve in, which can help you improve your scores and percentages.
  • In critical periods in life, maintaining a good attitude is crucial. With this mindset, many complex situations can be readily solved. With a positive attitude, it is possible to retain high levels of confidence and pass even the most difficult exams with flying colours. For Class 12 exams, having a positive attitude and a high level of confidence can help you breeze through difficult topics.
  • We spend most of our time engaged in the countless reference books available for each subject. These helpful books aid in acquiring a clearer and more comprehensive understanding of the subject. On the other hand, most pupils study through reference materials rather than from the core curriculum book. According to experts, sticking to the key syllabus content and studying all the themes in the book is always a good idea. Remember, only the syllabus book is used to create board questions.
  • Determine the weak areas and begin improving them so that they do not have an impact on the overall percentage. The most common mistake made by pupils is that they do not want to study the subjects they are weak in. Rather than ignoring the topic, identify your weak points and work to strengthen them so that you can excel in them in relevant subjects.

Goa Board Class 12 Detailed Study Plan

  • Class 12 exam is a milestone exam in every student’s academic career. So, begin planning for it right now. Mastering excellent time management skills is one of the most important components of board exam preparation. Make a daily schedule for yourself that you must adhere to. Make the most of whatever study time you have because it will help you improve your grades significantly. Invest at least 8 hours per day in your studies. Each subject should be given equal time to ensure that all topics are covered.
  • Students can benefit greatly from previous years’ question papers. It has been observed that pupils who have practised previous years’ question papers perform significantly better in board exams than students who have not done so. Solve old question papers while keeping the time limit in mind. Don’t solve the question paper in sections or take more time than is necessary. This might not be the best way to achieve the goal. While working on the paper, act as if you’re in the exam hall. It’s likely that you won’t be able to correct your mistakes right away, but with practice, you’ll be able to do so. The simplest thing to do is to practice the last 10 years of question papers.
  • It is self-evident that a neat answer sheet receives higher grades than a shabby one. Many students repeatedly cross lines and words within the answer page, obstructing the sheet’s neatness and cleanliness. Many students overlook these minor details, which can help you score a few more points in your board exams. And these extra points go a long way toward increasing the overall percentage.
  • It goes without saying that the exam period is extremely stressful. Therefore, it’s critical that you look after your health during this time. Eat well, get enough rest, and engage in activities that relax the mind. This is critical because if your health isn’t in good shape, you won’t be able to cope with the stress of exams.

Goa Board Class 12 Exam Results

Exam Result

The Goa Board will release the Class 12 result 2024 in the month of May/June 2024. Students are advised to keep visiting this page for the latest results updates. 

Details Mentioned on GBSHSE Class 12 Results The following details will be mentioned on the Goa Board Class 12 Result scorecard:

  • Roll Number
  • Name
  • Parents’ Names
  • Subject Names
  • Marks Scored in Theory and Practical Exams
  • Subject-wise Marks
  • Total Marks
  • Division

FAQs on Goa Board Class 12

Freaquently Asked Questions

Some of the frequently asked questions are given below:

Q: Who can apply for Goa Board HSSC 2024 exams?
 Students who have passed Class 11 and are currently studying in Class 12 in a school affiliated with the Goa Board are eligible for the HSSC exams. It is also expected that they have a minimum attendance of 75%.

Q: Can a student apply for a change in the Goa Board 12th exam centre?
 No, a student cannot request a change in the Goa Board HSSC exam centre because the centre is assigned based on the student’s preferences on the application form.

Q: When will the Goa HSSC date sheet 2023-24 for supplementary exams be released?
Ans: Goa HSSC date sheet 2023-24 for supplementary exams will be released after the Goa board result 2024 announcement. 

Q: Is it possible for me to apply for a duplicate Class 12 mark sheet from the Goa board?
You can apply for a duplicate mark sheet by filling in the prescribed application form and sending it together with the required papers and fees.

Q: Where can I get my Goa Board Class 12 Term 2 timetable 2024?
Students can refer to the Goa Board Class 12 Term 2 timetable 2024 from this article.

List of Schools for Goa Board Class 12

About Exam

Below is the list of schools affiliated with the Goa Board for Class 12:

College Name Location
Ambedkar Higher Secondary School Colvale, North Goa
Adarsh Higher Secondary School Margao, South Goa
Adarsh V V High School Margao, North Goa
AJD Almeida Higher Secondary School Ponda, North Goa
Alorna Panchakroshi School Pernem, North Goa
Angels Higher Secondary School South Goa
Anjuman Himayatul Islam Higher Secondary School South Goa
Anjuman Islahul Muslameen Higher Secondary School South Goa
Assagao Union Higher Secondary School North Goa
Auxilium Convent Higher Secondary School Benaulim, South Goa
Bal Priya Educational School Porvorim, North Goa
Bhagwati Higher Secondary School Pernem, North Goa
Bhumika Higher Secondary School Sattari, North Goa
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Valpoi, North Goa
Dada Vaidya Higher Secondary School Ponda, North Goa
Litera Primary Zee School Zuarinagar, Vasco, Goa

Goa Board Class 12: Future Exams


Class 12 exam is the qualifying criteria for most of the entrance exams taking place for admission to professional courses and other undergraduate programmes. Below is the list of future exams that a student can appear for after Class 12:

Stream Exam
  1. Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main
  2. JEE Advanced
  3. Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) entrance exam
  4. COMED-K
  5. IPU-CET (B. Tech)
  6. Manipal (B. Tech)
  8. AMU (B. Tech)
  9. NDA Entrance with PCM (MPC)
  1. National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET)
  2. AIIMS
Defence Services
  1. Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test
  2. Indian Navy B. Tech Entry Scheme
  3. Indian Army Technical Entry Scheme (TES)
  4. National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (I)
Fashion and Design
  1. National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) Entrance Test
  2. National Institute of Design Admissions
  3. All India Entrance Examination for Design (AIEED)
  4. Symbiosis Institute of Design Exam
  5. Footwear Design and Development Institute
  6. Maeer’s MIT Institute of Design
  7. National Institute of Fashion Design
  8. National Aptitude Test in Architecture
  9. Center for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT)
Social Sciences
  1. Banaras Hindu University
  2. IIT Madras Humanities and Social Sciences Entrance Examination (HSEE)
  3. TISS Bachelors Admission Test (TISS-BAT)
  1. Common-Law Admission Test
  2. All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)
  1. Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY)
  2. National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)
  1. Indian Statistical Institute Admission
  2. Admissions to Universities
  3. Various B. Sc. Programs
  4. Banasthali Vidyapith Admission

Practice Unlimited 12th Goa Board Questions With Hints & Solutions