Andhra Pradesh Board Class 12 Books 2023June 1, 2023
39 Insightful Publications
The Jharkhand Academic Council (JAC) is in charge of formulating the Class 12 syllabus and administering the Jharkhand Board examinations. Furthermore, the State Department of Education oversees the Secondary Education Board. JAC holds an intermediate examination every year to evaluate all Class 12 students. Students studying in 12th must check the syllabus, curriculum, pattern, and other board exam guidelines.
Every year, lakhs of students appear for the exam, and the board also announces the result for those students. Furthermore, Class 12 is the final year of higher secondary education in any board exam. Thus, students who succeed in the examinations have the opportunity to continue their studies at colleges and universities.
Every year, intermediate exams are held by the Jharkhand Academic Council (JAC) to evaluate Class 12 students in the state. JAC Class 12 has three main streams: science, arts, and commerce. JAC publishes online application forms that students can complete through their local schools.
To pass, students must receive at least 33% in the theory and practical tests. Additionally, they must have an overall grade of at least 33% to pass the test. Students can check the JAC Result 2024 online through the official website at jacresults.com. They must input their roll number to check the JAC Intermediate Result 2024. Original mark papers will be sent to students who pass the JAC exams in 2024, and they must pick them up from their individual schools.
Before diving into the details of the JAC Class 12 exams, let us have a brief overview of the same:
|Full Exam Name||Jharkhand Academic Council 12th Examination|
|Short Exam Name||JAC 12th Board|
|Conducting Body||Jharkhand Academic Council, Ranchi|
|Frequency of Conduct||Once a Year|
|Languages||Bengali, English, Hindi, Oriya and Urdu|
|Mode of Application||Offline|
|Mode of Exam||Offline|
|Exam Duration||3 Hours|
The application form for the Jharkhand Academic Council 12th Board exam is sent by students’ respective schools. The school authorities check the students’ eligibility and apply to the Board before the deadline. Jharkhand Board 12th application should be filled out completely and correctly with all the requested information. In addition to the JAC 12th forms, students should include required papers, such as a caste certificate, a PWD certificate, and so on. The detailed application process for the Jharkhand Board Class 12 exam 2024 is as follows:
Students can refer to the JAC Class 12 application form details given below for a better understanding:
The JAC 12th test pattern must be thoroughly understood by students as they study for the JAC Class 12 Board exams. Knowing both would aid students in becoming familiar with the type of questions asked in the exam, the number of questions, and the marking structure.
Students can refer to the exam pattern given below that discusses the number of questions, pass mark for JAC Class 12 exam, type of questions asked, etc.:
Below we have provided JAC Board Class 12 exam pattern for your reference:
|Subject||MCQ +VSA||VSA||Short Answers||Long Answers||Total|
The Jharkhand Board Class 12 exam is conducted for 3 hours per subject.
Both objective and essay-type questions are included in the marking scheme for Class 12 Science and Mathematics examinations. If you understand the exam pattern thoroughly, you can study effectively for the exams and handle three key hours of exam time.
|Subject||Number of Questions||Full Marks||Minimum Passing Marks|
The syllabus is one of the most important resources in a student’s academic life. It may be used as a planner by students. Having a clear knowledge of the syllabus helps students to sketch a study plan where they can divide their time systematically and plan their exam-attempting skills.
The updated JAC 12th syllabus is available on the Council’s official website. JAC Class 12 syllabus includes all the key subjects a student needs to know to pass the exams. Students should go through the whole syllabus as well as the JAC 12th exam pattern thoroughly.
The Class 12 Biology is a vast subject. Students need to write very comprehensive answers to score maximum marks in the exam. They should also practice drawing diagrams to make their answers more effective. The following is the Jharkhand Board Biology syllabus for Class 12:
|Biology Chapters (Term 1)||Biology Chapters (Term 2)|
|Reproduction in Organisms||Evolution|
|Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants||Human Health and Disease|
|Human Reproduction||Strategies for Enhancement in Food Reproduction|
|Reproductive Health||Microbes in Human Welfare Solutions|
|Principles of Inheritance and Variation||Biotechnology: Principles and Processes|
|Molecular Basis of Inheritance||Biotechnology and its Applications|
|–||Biodiversity and Conservation|
Mathematics is a practice-based subject. Students can score full marks in Maths with clear concepts and ample practice. Students can solve hundreds of sample questions on JAC 12th Maths on the Embibe app for free. The following is the Jharkhand Board Maths syllabus for Class 12:
|Mathematics (Term 1)||
Mathematics (Term 2)
|Relations and Functions||Integrals|
|Inverse Trigonometric Functions||Application of Integrals|
|Continuity and Differentiability||Three Dimensional Geometry|
|Application of Derivatives||Linear Programming|
The JAC Class 12 Chemistry syllabus contains concepts on physical, organic and inorganic chemistry. Students should practice balancing chemical equations as they can fetch full marks. The following is the Jharkhand Board Chemistry syllabus for Class 12:
|Chapters (Term 1)||Chapters (Term 2)|
|Surface Chemistry||p-Block Elements|
|General Principles and Processes||Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids|
|d- and f-block Elements||Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen|
|Haloalkanes and Haloarenes||Polymers|
|Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers||Chemistry in Everyday Life|
In Class 12 Physics, students will be requried to demonstrate their answer through neatly-labelled diagrams. Students can also score full marks in Physics. The following is the Jharkhand Board Physics syllabus for Class 12:
|Chapters (Term 1)||Chapters (Term 2)|
|Electric Charges And Field||Ray Optics And Optical Instruments|
|Electrostatic Potential And Capacitance||Wave Optics|
|Current Electricity||Dual Nature Of Radiation And Matter|
|Moving Charges And Magnetism||Atoms|
|Magnetism And Matter||Nuclei|
|Electromagnetic Induction||Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices And Simple Circuits|
Students can refer to the general overview of JAC Class 12 practical exams and subject-wise list of experiments:
Details about the Physics Practicals are given in the table below:
|Section A: Experiments|
|1. To find the resistance of a given wire using a meter bridge and hence determine the specific resistance of its material.|
|2. To determine resistance per cm of a given wire by plotting a graph of potential difference versus current.|
|3. To verify the laws of combination (series/parallel) of resistances using a meter bridge.|
|4. To compare the EMF’s of two given primary cells using the potentiometer.|
|Section B: Experiments|
|1. To find the value of ‘v’ for different values of u in case of a concave mirror and to find the focal length.|
|2. To find the focal length of a convex mirror using a convex lens.|
|3. To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and 1/v.|
|4. To find the focal length of a concave lens using a convex lens.|
|5. To determine the angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between the angle of incidence and the angle of deviation.|
|6. To determine the refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.|
|7. To find the refractive index of a liquid by using (i) a concave mirror, (ii) a convex lens and a plane mirror.|
|8. To draw the I-V characteristics curves of a p-n junction in forward and reverse bias.|
|9. To draw the characteristic curve of a Zener diode and to determine its reverse breakdown voltage.|
|10. To study the characteristics of a common-emitter NPN or PNP transistor and find the value of current and voltage gains.|
Students must demonstrate their reading and writing abilities in the final Board examinations to receive excellent grades in the JAC Class 12 English paper. Check the syllabus for Jharkhand Board 12th English below:
|Chapters (Term 1)||Chapters (Term 2)|
|Reading Comprehension||Reading Comprehension|
|Note Making and Summary Writing||Note Making and Summary Writing|
|Letters to Editor||Report Writing|
|Official Letters||Article Writing|
|Textbook (Flamingo)||Textbook (Flamingo)|
|The Last Lesson||Indigo|
|Lost Spring||Poets and Pancakes|
|Deep Water||The Interview Part-I Part-II|
|The Rattrap||Going Places|
|My Mother At Sixty Six||A Thing Of Beauty|
|An Elementary School Classroom In A Slum||A Road Side Stand|
|Keeping Quiet||Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers|
|Text Book (Vistas)||Text Book (Vistas)|
|The Third Level||Should Wizard Hit Mommy|
|The Tiger King||On The Face Of It|
|Journey To The End Of The Earth||Evans Tries An O-Level|
|The Enemy||Memories Of Childhood
i) The Cutting of My Long Hair ii) We Too Are Human Beings
Students in Class 12 must study the whole history of India. Remember important dates and historical events to improve your grades in History.
The following is the Jharkhand Board History syllabus for Class 12:
Themes in Indian History – I, II & III
The topic of questions asked and total marks of the 12th Question paper 2024 of JAC must be known to students. Check them in the table provided below:
|Subject||No. of Questions|
JAC has released the Class 12 timetable on its official website. The board releases the intermediate exam date sheet in PDF format for students studying under the JAC Board.
All students can refer to our post for the recent information on JAC 12th Exam Time Table and exam date. The initial 15 minutes of the exam is exclusive from the exam duration for students to read the question paper in detail and understand the instructions mentioned.
Candidates can check the tentative Jharkhand Board Class 12 timetable below:
|March 2024||Compulsory Core Language (Arts), Hindi ‘A’, Hindi ‘B’ + Matribhasha & English ‘A’|
|March 2024||Compulsory Core Language (Science & Commerce) Hindi ‘A’, Hindi ‘B’ + Matribhasha & English ‘A’|
|March 2024||Elective Language (Compulsory) – Arts, Additional Language (Science & Commerce)|
|March 2024||Music, Computer Science|
|March 2024||Economics – Science and Commerce, Anthropology – Arts|
|March 2024||History – Arts|
|March 2024||Physics – Science, Accountancy – Commerce|
|March 2024||Economics – Arts|
|March 2024||Geology – Science, Business Studies – Commerce Psychology – Arts|
|March 2024||Biology (Botany+Zoology) – Science, Business Mathematics – Commerce, Sociology – Arts|
|March 2024||Mathematics/Statistics – Arts, Science & Commerce|
|March 2024||Geography – Arts|
|March 2024||Chemistry – Science, Entrepreneurship – Commerce, Home Science – Arts|
|April 2024||Political Science – Arts|
|April 2024||Philosophy – Arts|
JAC Class 12 Admit Card for 2024 may be released in January 2024. Schools have the authority to download admit cards from the official website and make them easily accessible for students. Students will need to collect their admit cards from their respective schools physically.
Students appearing for the Jharkhand Board Class 12 exams should check the details mentioned on their admit card. If they come across any mistake, they must report it to the school administration for verification/rectification. Some of the common details mentioned on the Jharkhand Board Class 12 admit card include the following:
Study plans utilised by exam professionals are individually tried and tested for the JAC Class 12 exam in 2024 and shared with you so that you may schedule your studies appropriately. It’s crucial to study well and avoid wasting time on subjects that, in comparison, will not be that vital. Here are some recommendations for 2024’s JAC 12th exams:
We have mentioned some amazing preparation tips so that you may organise your study plans accordingly. Students are advised to study hard and prepare for their exams well in advance rather than resorting to the end. Here are some expert-mentioned preparation steps that students can follow for the JAC 12th examinations in 2024:
The following preparatory advice can help students choose the best strategy for approaching the JAC Class 12 exams:
Following the Jharkhand Board Class 12 examination, the results are released on the official website. So, JAC Class 12 exam result can be checked online. The JAC Class 12 (2022-23) Arts, stream results were released on May 30 2023.
Note that shortly after the declaration of the JAC Class 12 result, the official website may not respond due to excessive traffic. In such a situation, do not panic or sort to other resources, rather, wait patiently for the website to respond. A student has to get 33 percent marks to clear the JAC Class 12 examinations. There are 23 of 70 and 33 of 100 subject marks passing through.
The Jharkhand Board grading system used to prepare the JAC 12th result is shown here. Students must thoroughly study it:
|80% and Above||A+||Excellent|
|60% to 80%||A||Very Good|
|45% to 60%||B||Good|
|33% to 45%||C||Average|
Candidates can check the previous year topper list from the tables below.
Students can check the 2019 science results from the table below.
|Toppers’ Name||Marks Scored|
|Radhe Shyam||449 marks|
|Ravi Ranjan||448 marks|
|Sachin Kumar||446 marks|
Students can check the 2019 commerce results from the table below.
Students can check the 2019 Arts results from the table below.
Candidates can check the performance statistics from the previous years in the table below.
|Year||Number of Students Appeared||Overall Pass %||Girls’ Pass %||Boys’ Pass %|
Below we have answered a few frequently asked questions-related to the Jharkhand Board Class 12 exam:
Q: What is the passing mark for the JAC 12th exams?
Ans: In order to pass the JAC 12th exam, applicants must obtain a minimum aggregate of 33 percent. They should receive 33 of 100, or 23 out of 70 for each subject, depending on the paper’s full grade.
Q: How can I prepare for the 12th JAC examination?
Ans: Candidates can prepare for the JAC 12th Board exam by utilising the mock tests that are available on Embibe.
Q: When is the JAC 12th Board examinations 2024?
Ans: The JAC 12th Board exam 2024 may be conducted from March to April 2024.
Q: What are the 12th JAC exam streams?
Ans: The 12th JAC exam will take place in three streams: Science, Commerce and Arts or Humanities.
Q: Where can I find the JAC 12th exam sample papers?
Ans: Students can find the Class 12 JAC sample papers on Embibe.
Jharkhand, the 28th state established in 2000, has a literacy rate of 67.63%. As one of the most industrialised states, education takes precedence in the state.
Top 15 Colleges in Jharkhand
Check out the tables below to know about the top colleges in Jharkhand.
|1. Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences, Mesra|
|2. National Institute of Technology (NIT), Jamshedpur|
|3. Xavier Labour Relations Institute (XLRI), Jamshedpur|
|4. Birla Institute of Technology (BIT) Sindri|
|5. Birsa Agricultural University, Ranchi|
|6. National University of Study and Research in Law|
|7. Arka Jain University, Jamshedpur|
|8. ICFAI University, Ranchi|
|9. Sai Nath University, Ranchi|
|10. Amity University, Ranchi|
|11. ST. Xaviers, Ranchi|
|12. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Dhanbad|
|13. Xavier Institute of Social Sciences, Ranchi|
|14. Central Institute of Psychiatry (CIP), Ranchi|
|15. Cambridge Institute of Technology (CIT), Ranchi|
Best Government-run Colleges
Students can check the best Engineering Government Colleges in Jharkhand below:
|S.No.||Name of the Engineering College||Type||Location/City|
|1||National Institute of Technology||Govt.||Jamshedpur|
|2||Birsa Institute of Technology (BIT)||Govt.||Dhanbad|
|3||National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology (NIFFT)||Govt.||Ranchi|
|4||Dumka Engineering College||Govt. Aided||Dumka|
|5||University College of Engineering and Technology||Govt.||Hazaribag|
|6||Indian Institute of Technology (ISM)||Govt.||Dhanbad|
|7||Central University of Jharkhand||Govt.||Ranchi|
|9||Chaibasa Engineering College||Govt. Aided||Chaibasa|
|10||Ramgarh Engineering College||Govt. Aided||Ramgarh|
|11||Vinoba Bhave University||Govt.||Hazaribag|
|12||Indian Institute of Information Technology||Govt.||Ranchi|
Best Private Colleges
The top Private Colleges in Jharkhand are as follows:
|Private College Names|
|1. BIT Mesra – Birla Institute of Technology|
|2. Sai Nath University, Ranchi|
|3. Jharkhand Rai University, Ranchi|
|4. Xavier Institute of Polytechnic and Technology, Ranchi|
|5. Cambridge Institute of Polytechnic, Ranchi|
|6. Hazaribag College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Hazaribag|
|7. Suryamukhi Dinesh Ayurved Medical College and Hospital, Ranchi|
|8. Manipal Tata Medical College, Jamshedpur|
|9. Awadh Dental College and Hospital, Jamshedpur|
|10. Vananchal Dental College and Hospital, Garhwa|
Once JAC 12th result is issued, students can apply for admission to undergraduate programmes in various institutions and universities. Students can select the study field according to their choice. After Class 12, students can take courses according to their interests by referring to the following exams, courses, etc.
Competitive examinations have now become an integral part of our educational system. There are a variety of competitive examinations and reward programmes available to students after Class 12. These competitive examinations are used to assess a student’s mental ability and intelligence quotient, and those who pass are granted scholarships.
Students are mainly aware of the most popular exams after Class 12 exams: NEET, JEE, and CLAT. These are national examinations. However, there are several alternative paths that students can follow to begin laying the groundwork for their preferred job.
Joint Entrance Exam (JEE)
The Joint Entrance Test (JEE) is a very well-known national exam taken by all aspiring engineers in India. The JEE is an engineering test that is accepted by numerous colleges around India. After Class 12, students from all around the country can take these entrance and competitive exams.
This test qualifies students for admission to famous and prestigious institutes like IITs, NITs, and IIITs. The JEE entrance test, administered by the CBSE, consists of two distinct and separate stages:
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)
The NEET is the medical equivalent of the famed JEE engineering examinations. These exams are overseen by the Medical Council of India. It was founded in 1997 under the Graduate Medical Education Regulations.
Currently, the NEET is arranged for two distinct graduate programmes and are as follows:
Common Law Admissions Test (CLAT)
The CLAT entrance test, as the name implies, is for students who want to be lawyers. It assesses their eligibility for admission to several law schools located around the country. CLAT, like the JEE and the NEET, is a nationwide exam.
This law entrance test is carried out for two hours. The CLAT exam paper has 150 multiple-choice questions. It is divided into five sections. Students must answer questions from areas such as follows:
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