Ladakh Board Class 12 Exam

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  • Written by aparna
  • Last Modified on 25-01-2023
  • Written by aparna
  • Last Modified on 25-01-2023

Ladakh Board Class 12

About Exam

Exam Brief

Ladakh Board of School Education is a proposed education board. While the Ladakh Board is still being established and functioning, and until the Government receives a formal notification, all government schools in the Union territory of Ladakh are still affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).

Class 12 is the key path for students to choose various career objectives such as Engineering, Medicine, Law etc. The CBSE conducts exams for students studying in secondary and higher secondary schools associated with the Ladakh board. The CBSE also prescribes the syllabus, books and exam pattern. Read this article to learn more about the Ladakh Board Class 12 exam. 

Exam Summary

The CBSE conducts the Class 12 board examination. The Ladakh Board Class 12 exam is a state level examination. The board conducts the exam in an offline mode in centres throughout the whole state.

Ladakh Board Class 12 Exam Highlights

Name of the Exam Ladakh Board of Secondary Education Class 12 Board Examination
Commonly known as Ladakh Board Class 12
Conducting body

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)

As of now, the Ladakh board exams are conducted by the CBSE

Mode of registration

Offline via the school for regular students

Online for private students

Registration fees Registration fees for the online application is not yet decided. Once it is decided by the board same will be updated here
Mode of exam Offline
Class 12 academic subjects
  • Mathematics
  • Biology
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Studies
  • Social Studies, Economics, Accountancy
  • Political science etc.
Frequency of exam Yearly
Mode of Application Offline and Online
Mode of Payment Credit Card/Debit Card/NEFT

Official Website Link

http://dse.ladakh.gov.in/

Embibe Notice Board/Notification

Test

Latest Update

January 21, 2022: The results for Jammu Kashmir Board of School Education (JKBOSE) Class 12 exams 2021 – 2022 will be released soon on the official website at jkbose.nic.in. Candidates will be able to check their results by logging into the official website with their credentials.

Exam Pattern

Exam Pattern

Exam pattern details - Scoring pattern (+/- Marking)

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) provides the pattern of the Ladakh board Class 12 exam. Students can check Embibe for Ladakh Board class 12 exam pattern. Also, they can check the exam pattern for the Class 12 board exams below.

Ladakh Board Class 12 Exam Pattern 2022- 2023

Students can view the test pattern on the official website of CBSE. The test is divided into two parts. The first is theoretical, whereas the second is practical. Language and academic disciplines have theory tests for 80 or 70 points, whereas Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Computer Science have practical exams of 80 or 70 points. Candidates can view the entire test pattern by using the information provided below:

  • Mode of Examination: Offline
  • Duration: 90 Minutes for Term 1 and 120 minutes for Term 2
  • Types of Questions: Multiple choice questions and subjective type questions
  • Medium of Question: English for Academic Subjects. Furthermore, it depends on the Language Subject.
  • Maximum Marks for Theory: 80 or 70 Marks
  • Maximum Marks for the practical exam: 20 or 30 Marks.

Ladakh Board Class 12 New Exam Pattern 2022

The Ladakh Board, which was undertaken by the CBSE, has decided to introduce some changes in the board exam pattern of Class 9 to 12 from the academic session 2022- 2023. In light of the new National Education Policy, the board has begun to move towards Competency-Based Education (CBE). 

Ladakh Board has divided the ongoing Ladakh Board Academic Session 2022-23 into two terms: Term 1 & Term 2. 

  • About 50% Ladakh Board syllabus will be assessed in Term 1,
  • The remaining 50% Ladakh Board syllabus will be evaluated in Term 2.
Syllabus Exam Dates  
Term-1 First 50% of the complete syllabus of class 12 December 2021 (Completed)
Term-2 Remaining 50% of the syllabus of class 12 March – April 2022

The examination patterns of the various subjects Ladakh Board Class 12 are given below:

Ladakh Board Class 12 Mathematics Exam Pattern

Exam duration 3 Hours
Internal marks 20 marks
Theory marks 80 marks
Total number of questions 36
Very short answer type questions (1 mark each) 20
Short answer type questions (2 marks each) 6
Long answer type-I questions (4 marks each) 6
Long answer type-II questions (6 marks each) 4

Ladakh Board Class 12 English Exam Pattern

Exam duration 3 hours
Internal marks (listening and speaking skills) 20 marks
Theory marks 80 marks
Total number of questions 33
MCQ and objective type questions (1 mark each) 20
Short answer type-I questions (2 marks each) 5
Short answer type -II questions (4 marks each) 3
Long answer type questions (6 marks each) 3
Very long answer type questions (10 marks each) 2

Ladakh Board Class 12 Physics Exam Pattern

Exam duration 3 Hours
Internal marks 20 marks
Theory marks 80 marks
Total number of questions 36
Very short answer type questions (1 mark each) 20
Short answer type questions (2 marks each) 6
Long answer type-I questions (4 marks each) 6
Long answer type-II questions (6 marks each) 4

Grading System of Class 12 Ladakh Board

Ladakh Board puts all the passed students of Class 12 in a rank order to award grades. Furthermore, the board follows a set system to award grades to the Class 12 students. Ladakh Board Class 12 Grading System is given below:

Grades Grading Method
A1 Top 18th of the passed candidates
A2 Next 18th of the passed candidates
B1 Next 18th of the passed candidates
B2 Next 18th of the passed candidates
C1 Next 18th of the passed candidates
C2 Next 18th of the passed candidates
D1 Next 18th of the passed candidates
D2 Next 18th of the passed candidates
E Failed candidates

Exam pattern details - Total time

According to the new pattern for the year 2022-23 prescribed by the CBSE the academic year is divided into two terms as described below.

Term-1
The paper will have Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ), including case-based MCQs & MCQs on the assertion-reasoning type.

Duration of Test: 90 minutes or 1.5 hours

Term-2
The paper will be for Bio-Technology & have questions of different formats (case-based/ situation based/open-ended – short answer/long answer type).

Duration of Test: 2 hours or 120 minutes

Exam Calendar

Term 1 (November-December 2021)

The Term 1 exam is over. The exam calendar released by CBSE is given below:

Date Time Subject
December 1 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Sociology
December 3 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM English Core
December 6 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Mathematics
December 7 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Physical Education
December 8 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Business Studies
December 9 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Geography
December 10 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Physics
December 11 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Psychology
December 13 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Accountancy
December 14 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Chemistry
December 15 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Economics
December 16 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Hindi
December 17 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Political Science
December 18  11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Biology

Term 2 (March-April 2022)

The calendar for Class 12 Term 2 will be updated in this article as soon as it is made available by the authorities.

Syllabus and Blueprint

Exam Syllabus

Exam Syllabus

The Ladakh Board offers a minimum of 5 or more subjects to students in Class 11. Moreover, students need to continue the same subjects in Class 12 as well. Below is the list of subjects offered to the students of class 12.

Compulsory Subjects Combination of Subjects
Subject 1 Hindi (elective or core) or English (elective or core)
Subject 2 Language as the subject other than subject 1
Any subject from academic electives (Subject group-A)
Subjects 3, 4, 5 Any three subjects from academic electives (subject group-A)
or
Any three subjects from skill electives (subject group-S)
or
Any three combinational subjects from academic electives (subject group-A)
and
Skill electives (subject group-S)
Subject 6 Any subject or language from any group, which has not been opted for subjects 1 to 5.
Subject 7 Work experience
Subject 8 Physical education
Subject 9 General studies
Subject for internal assessment Combination of subjects

 

The complete exam syllabus for the main academic subjects is listed below:

Ladakh Board Class 12 Syllabus for Physics

 

Unit Chapter Topics
Term I
Unit I: Electrostatics Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between two-point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in the uniform electric field. Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet
Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field. Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.
Unit II: Current Electricity Chapter–3: Current Electricity Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity; temperature dependence of resistance. Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel, Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications, Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge(qualitative ideas only). Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell (qualitative ideas only)
Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot – Savart law and its application to the current-carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. Straight and toroidal solenoids (only qualitative treatment), force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.
Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s laws, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual induction.
Chapter–7: Alternating Current Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits. AC generator and transformer.
Term II
Unit V: Electromagnetic Waves Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their Transverse nature (qualitative ideas only). Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.
Unit VI: Optics Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments Ray Optics: Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction of light through a prism. Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
Chapter–10: Wave Optics Wavefront and Huygens principle, reflection and refraction of plane waves at a plane surface using wavefronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum
Unit VII: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.
Experimental study of photoelectric effect Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation
Unit VIII: Atoms and Nuclei Chapter–12: Atoms Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.
Chapter–13: Nuclei Composition and size of nucleus Nuclear force Mass-energy relation, mass defect, nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.
Unit IX: Electronic Devices Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits, Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only) Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; Special purpose p-n junction diodes: LED, photodiode, solar cell.

Ladakh Board Class 12 Syllabus for Chemistry

Chapter No.

Chapter

Topics

1

Solid State 

  • Classification of solids based on different binding forces: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea). Unit cell in two dimensional and three-dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects.

2

Solutions 

  • Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, Raoult’s law, colligative properties – relative lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties.

3

p-Block Elements

  • Group -15 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, oxidation states, trends in physical and chemical properties; Nitrogen preparation properties and uses; compounds of Nitrogen: preparation and properties of Ammonia and Nitric Acid. 
  • Group 16 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, dioxygen: preparation, properties and uses, classification of Oxides, Ozone, Sulphur -allotropic forms; compounds of Sulphur: preparation properties and uses of Sulphur-dioxide, Sulphuric Acid: properties and uses; Oxoacids of Sulphur (Structures only).
  • Group 17 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens, Preparation, properties and uses of Chlorine and Hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, Oxoacids of halogens (structures only).
  • Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses.

4

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

  • Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C–X bond, physical and chemical properties, optical rotation mechanism of substitution reactions. 
  • Haloarenes: Nature of C–X bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only).

5

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

  • Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration. 
  • Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols. 
  • Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses. 

6

Biomolecules

  • Carbohydrates – Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), D-L configuration 
  • Proteins -Elementary idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins – primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins. 
  • Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA

Term II

1

Electrochemistry

  • Redox reactions, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis.

2

Chemical Kinetics

  • Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous), factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and half-life (only for zero and first-order reactions).

3

Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption – physisorption and chemisorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspension; lyophilic, lyophobic, multi-molecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation.

4

d-and f-Block Elements

  • General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first-row transition metals – metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation. 
  • Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences.

5

Coordination Compounds

  • Coordination compounds – Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Werner’s theory, VBT, and CFT.

6

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

  • Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses. 
  • Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.

7

Amines

Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines.

Ladakh Board Class 12 Syllabus for Mathematics

Term I

Unit

Chapter

Topics

Unit-I: Relations and Functions 

Relations and Functions

Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions. 

Inverse Trigonometric Function

Definition, range, domain, principal value branch.

Unit-II: Algebra 

Matrices

Concept, notation, order equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices. Operation on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. Non Commutativity of multiplication of matrices, invertible matrices; (Here all matrices will have real entries). 

Determinants

Determinants of square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), minors, co-factors and applications of determinants in finding the area of triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Solving a system of linear equations in two or three variables (having a unique solution) using the inverse of the matrix. 

Unit-III: Calculus

Continuity and Differentiability

Continuity and differentiability, derivative of composite functions, chain rule, derivatives of inverse trigonometric functions. Derivative of implicit functions. Concept of logarithmic and exponential functions. Logarithmic differentiation, derivative of functions expressed in parametric forms. Second-order derivatives.

Applications of Derivatives

Applications of derivatives: increasing/decreasing functions, tangents and normals, maxima and minima (first derivative test motivated geometrically and second derivative test given as a provable tool). Simple problems (that illustrate basic principles and understanding of the subject as well as real-life situations). 

Unit-V: Linear Programming

Linear Programming

Introduction, related terminology such as constraints, objective function, optimization, different types of linear programming (L.P.) problems, graphical method of solution for problems in two variables, feasible and infeasible regions(bounded ), feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three non-trivial constraints)

Term II

Unit-III: Calculus 

Integrals 

Integration as an inverse process of differentiation. Integration of a variety of functions by substitution, by partial fractions and by parts, Evaluation of simple integrals of the following types and problems based on them

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus (without proof).Basic properties of definite integrals and evaluation of definite integrals. 

Applications of the integrals

Applications in finding the area under simple curves, especially lines, circles/parabolas/ellipses (in standard form only), (the region should be clearly identifiable). 

Differential Equations

Definition, order and degree, general and particular solutions of a differential equation. Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables solutions of homogeneous differential equations of the first order and first degree of the type:

Solutions of linear differential equation of the type:

Where p and q are functions of x or constants.

Unit-IV: Vectors and Three-Dimensional Geometry

Vectors

Vectors and scalars, magnitude and direction of a vector. Direction cosines and direction ratios of a vector. Types of vectors (equal, unit, zero, parallel and collinear vectors), position vector of a point, negative of a vector, components of a vector, addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Definition, Geometrical Interpretation, properties and application of scalar (dot) product of vectors, vector (cross) product of vectors.

 

Three-dimensional Geometry

Direction cosines and direction ratios of a line joining two points. Cartesian equation and vector equation of a line, coplanar and skew lines, shortest distance between two lines. Cartesian and vector equation of a plane. Distance of a point from a plane.

Unit-VI: Probability 

Probability

Conditional probability, multiplication theorem on probability, independent events, total probability, Bayes’ theorem, Random variable and its probability distribution. 

Ladakh Board Class 12 Syllabus for Biology

Term I

Unit

Chapter

Topics

Unit-VI Reproduction

Chapter-1: Reproduction in Organisms

Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; modes of reproduction – asexual and sexual reproduction; asexual reproduction – binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule formation, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants; events in sexual reproduction.

Chapter-2: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants 

Flower structure; development of male and female gametophytes; pollination – types, agencies and examples; outbreeding devices; pollen-pistil interaction; double fertilization; post-fertilization events – development of endosperm and embryo, development of seed and formation of fruit; special modes- apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed dispersal and fruit formation.

Chapter-3: Human Reproduction

Male and female reproductive systems; microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; gametogenesis – spermatogenesis and oogenesis; menstrual cycle; fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; pregnancy and placenta formation (elementary idea); parturition (elementary idea); lactation (elementary idea). 

Chapter-4: Reproductive Health 

Need for reproductive health and prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs); birth control – need and methods, contraception and medical termination of pregnancy (MTP); amniocentesis; infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (elementary idea for general awareness).

Unit-VII Genetics and Evolution 

Chapter-5: Principles of Inheritance and Variation 

Heredity and variation: Mendelian inheritance; deviations from Mendelism – incomplete dominance, co-dominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, pleiotropy; elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; chromosome theory of inheritance; chromosomes and genes; Sex determination – in human being, birds and honey bee; linkage and crossing over; sex linked inheritance – haemophilia, colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans -thalassemia; chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.

Chapter-6: Molecular Basis of Inheritance 

Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central Dogma; transcription, genetic code, translation; gene expression and regulation – lac operon; Genome, Human and rice genome projects; DNA fingerprinting.

Chapter-7: Evolution

Origin of life; biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution (paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidences); adaptive radiation; Biological evolution: Lamarck’s theory of use and disuse of organs, Darwin’s theory of evolution; mechanism of evolution – variation (mutation and recombination) and natural selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy – Weinberg’s principle; brief account of evolution; human evolution

Term II

Unit-VIII Biology and Human Welfare

Chapter-8: Human Health and Diseases

Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (malaria, dengue, chikungunya, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm) and their control; Basic concepts of immunology – vaccines; cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence – drug and alcohol abuse.

Chapter-9: Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

Animal husbandry, Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein.

Chapter-10: Microbes in Human Welfare

Microbes in food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and microbes as biocontrol agents and bio-fertilizers. Antibiotics; production and judicious use. 

Unit-IX Biotechnology and its Applications

Chapter-11: Biotechnology – Principles and Processes

Genetic Engineering (Recombinant DNA Technology). 

Chapter-12: Biotechnology and its Application

Application of biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, stem cell technology, gene therapy; genetically modified organisms – Bt crops; transgenic animals; biosafety issues, biopiracy and patents. 

Unit-X Ecology and Environment 

Chapter-13: Organisms and Populations

Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche, population and ecological adaptations; population interactions – mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; population attributes – growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.

Chapter-14: Ecosystem

Ecosystem: structure and function; productivity and decomposition; energy flow; pyramids of number, biomass, energy; nutrient cycles (carbon and phosphorous); ecological succession; ecological services – carbon fixation, pollination, seed dispersal, oxygen release (in brief).

Chapter-15: Biodiversity and its Conservation 

Biodiversity – Concept, patterns, importance; loss of biodiversity; biodiversity conservation; hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, Sacred Groves, biosphere reserves, national parks, wildlife, sanctuaries and Ramsar sites.

Ladakh Board Class 12 Syllabus for Computer Science

Unit

Chapters

Term I

Unit I: Computational Thinking and Programming – 2

  • Revision of Python topics covered in Class XI.
  • Functions: types of function (built‐in functions, functions defined in module, user-defined functions), creating user-defined function, arguments and parameters, default parameters, positional parameters, function returning value(s), flow of execution, scope of a variable (global scope, local scope)
  • Introduction to files, types of files(Text file, Binary file, CSV file), relative and absolute paths
  • Text file: opening a text file, text file open modes (r, r+, w, w+, a, a+), closing a text file, opening a file using with clause, writing/appending data to a text file using write() and writelines(), reading from a text file using read(), readline() and readlines(), seek and tell methods, manipulation of data in a text file
  • Binary file: basic operations on a binary file: open using file open modes (rb, rb+, wb, wb+, ab, ab+), close a binary file, import pickle module, dump() and load() method, read, write/create, search, append and update operations in a binary file
  • CSV file: import csv module, open / close csv file, write into a csv file using csv.writerow() and read from a csv file using csv.reader( )

Term II

Unit I: Computational Thinking and Programming – 2

  • Data Structure: Stack, operations on stack (push & pop), implementation of stack using a list.

Unit II: Computer Networks

  • Evolution of networking: introduction to computer networks, evolution of networking (ARPANET, NSFNET, INTERNET)
  • Data communication terminologies: concept of communication, components of data communication (sender, receiver, message, communication media, protocols), measuring capacity of communication media (bandwidth, data transfer rate), IP address, switching techniques (Circuit switching, Packet switching) 
  • Transmission media: Wired communication media (Twisted pair cable, Co‐axial cable, Fiber‐optic cable), Wireless media (Radio waves, Microwaves, Infrared waves 
  • Network devices(Modem, Ethernet card, RJ45, Repeater, Hub, Switch, Router, Gateway, WIFI card) 
  • Network topologies and Network types: types of networks (PAN, LAN, MAN, WAN), networking topologies (Bus, Star, Tree) 
  • Network protocol: HTTP, FTP, PPP, SMTP, TCP/IP, POP3, HTTPS, TELNET, VoIP 
  • Introduction to web services: WWW, HyperText Markup Language (HTML), Extensible Markup Language (XML), domain names, URL, website, web browser, web servers, web hosting

Unit III: Database Management

  • Database concepts: introduction to database concepts and their need
  • Relational data model: relation, attribute, tuple, domain, degree, cardinality, keys (candidate key, primary key, alternate key, foreign key)
  • Structured Query Language: introduction, Data Definition Language and Data Manipulation Language, data type (char(n), varchar(n), int, float, date), constraints (not null, unique, primary key), create database, use database, show databases, drop database, show tables, create table, describe table, alter table (add and remove an attribute, add and remove primary key), drop table, insert, delete, select, operators (mathematical, relational and logical), aliasing, distinct clause, where clause, in, between, order by, meaning of null, is null, is not null, like, update command, delete command
  • Aggregate functions (max, min, avg, sum, count), group by, having clause, joins: Cartesian product on two tables, equi‐join and natural join
  • Interface of python with an SQL database: connecting SQL with Python, performing insert, update, delete queries using cursor, display data by using fetchone(), fetchall(), rowcount, creating database connectivity applications

Ladakh Board Class 12 Syllabus for English

English Literature consists of two text books namely Flamingo and Vistas.

Section

Topic

Term I

Literature/ Textbooks

FLAMINGO 

Prose

1. The Last Lesson 

2. Lost Spring 

3. Deep Water

Poetry

1. My Mother at Sixty Six 

2. An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum 

3. Keeping Quiet

VISTAS

1. The Third Level

2. The Enemy

Reading skills

Unseen passage: Factual Passage Descriptive Passage Literary/Persuasive/ Discursive Passage.

Unseen case based factual passage with verbal/visual inputs like statistical data charts newspaper report.

Writing skills

Short Composition: Notice writing, Classified Advertisement

Long Writing Task: Letter Writing, Article Writing

Assessment of Listening and Speaking Skills

Listening Activity

Term II

Literature/ Textbooks

FLAMINGO 

Prose

4. The Rattrap 

5. Indigo

Poetry

4. A Thing of Beauty 

5. Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers

VISTAS

3. Should the Wizard hit Mommy? 

4. On the Face of It 

5. Evans Tries An O-Level

Reading skills

Unseen passage: Factual Passage Descriptive Passage Literary/Persuasive/ Discursive Passage.

Unseen case-based factual passage with verbal/visual inputs like statistical data charts newspaper report.

Writing skills

Short Composition: Formal & Informal Invitation Cards or the Replies to Invitation/s.

Long Writing Task: Letter/Application for a Job, Report Writing.

Project work + Viva/ALS

Project report/ script /essay

Viva

Ladakh Board Class 12 Syllabus:

Students can check the complete syllabus of all subjects term-wise by clicking on the links provided.

Biology Carnatic Melodic Accountancy Biotechnology
Business Studies Mathematics Applied Mathematics National Cadet Corps (NCC)
Physical Education Physics Political Science Psychology
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Exam Blueprint

Blueprint for Physics Practical for Term I and Term II

Unit Number Unit Name Marks Weightage
1 Two experiments to be performed by students at the time of examination  8
2 Practical record [experiments and activities]  2
3 Viva on the experiments, and activities 5
Total  15

Blueprint for Ladakh Board Class 12 Chemistry 

Unit Number Unit Name Marks Weightage
1 Solid State:  10
2 Solutions: 
3 p-Block Elements: 10
4 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 15
5 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
6 Biomolecules
Total (Theory) 35
Practical  15
Grand Total  50
Term II
1 Electrochemistry 13
2 Chemical Kinetics
3 Surface Chemistry
4 d-and f-Block Elements 9
5 Coordination Compounds
6 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 13
7 Amines
Total (Theory) 35
Practical  15
Grand Total  50

Blueprint for Chemistry Practical for Term I and Term II

Unit Number Unit Name Marks Weightage
1 Volumetric Analysis 4
2 Salt Analysis 4
3 Content Based experiment 2
4 Class record and viva(Internal Examiner) 5
Total  15

Blueprint for Ladakh Board Class 12 Mathematics

Unit Number Unit Name Marks Weightage
Term I
I Relations and Functions 08
II Algebra 10
III Calculus 17
Linear Programming 05
Total (Theory) 40
Inter Assessment 10
Grand Total  50
Term II
III Calculus 18
IV Vectors and Three Dimensional Geometry 14
VI Probability 08
Total (Theory) 40
Inter Assessment 10
Grand Total  50

Blueprint for Ladakh Board Class 12 Biology

Unit Number Unit Name Marks Weightage
Term I
2 Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants  15
Human Reproduction
4 Reproductive Health 
5 Principles of Inheritance and Variation 20
6 Molecular Basis of Inheritance
Total (Theory) 35
Practical  15
Grand Total  50
Term II
8 Human Health and Diseases 14
10  Microbes in Human Welfare
11 Biotechnology – Principles and Processes 11
12 Biotechnology and its Application 
13  Organisms and Population 10
15  Biodiversity and its Conservation
Total (Theory) 35
Practical  15
Grand Total  50

Blueprint for Biology Practical for Term I and Term II

Section Experiment Marks Weightage
Part A One Major Experiment 4
One Minor Experiment  3
Part B Spotting (3 Spots of 1 mark each) 3
Practical Record + Investigatory Project and Record + Viva Voce  5
Total  15

Blueprint for Ladakh Board Class 12 Computer Science

Unit Number Unit Name Marks Weightage
Term I 
1 Computational Thinking and Programming ‐ 2 35
Total (Theory) 35
Practical  15
Grand Total  50
Term II 
1 Computational Thinking and Programming ‐ 2 5
2 Computer Networks 10
3 Database Management 20
Total (Theory) 35
Practical  15
Grand Total  50

Blueprint for Computer Science Practical for Term I and Term II

Unit Number Unit Name Marks Weightage
Term I 
1 Python program 6
2 Minimum 15 Python programs based on Term ‐ 1 Syllabus Term – 2 4
3 Project (using concepts learnt in Classes 11 and 12) Term – 1: Synopsis of the project to be submitted by the students (documentation only, may not submit the code during Term ‐ 1) 3
4 Viva-voce 2
Total  15
Term II
1 Python program 2
3 SQL Queries based on one/two table(s), 2 output questions based on SQL queries 4
2
  • Minimum 3 Python programs based on Term‐2 Syllabus.
  • SQL Queries – Minimum 5 sets using one table / two tables.
  • Minimum 2 programs based on Python ‐ SQL connectivity.
3
3 Final coding + Viva voce (Students will be allowed to modify their Term 1 document and submit the final executable code.) 5
4 Viva-voce 1
Total  15

Blueprint for Ladakh Board Class 12 English

Unit Number Unit Name Marks Weightage
Term I (Objective)
1 Literature/ Textbooks 18
2 Reading skills 14
3 Writing skills 08
4 Assessment of Listening and Speaking Skills 10
Total 50
Term I (Subjective)
1 Literature/ Textbooks 18
2 Reading skills 14
3 Writing skills 08
4 Project work + Viva/ALS 10
Total 50

Practical/Experiments list & Model writeup

Ladakh Board provides guidelines for conducting practical examinations for class 12. The practical exam is conducted in the respective school as per the guidelines given by the Ladakh Board within a scheduled timetable. Candidates have to give these practical exams without fail, as the marks of these practicals are added to the final board exam marks.

The links for the syllabus for the Practical paper are given below.

Class 12 Physics Practicals Syllabus

No. Experiments/Activities
Term I
Experiments
1 To determine the resistivity of two / three wires by plotting a graph between potential difference versus current
2 To find the resistance of a given wire / standard resistor using a metre bridge.
OR
To verify the laws of combination (series) of resistances using a metre bridge.
OR
To verify the laws of combination (parallel) of resistances using a metre bridge.
3 To compare the EMF of two given primary cells using potentiometer.
OR
To determine the internal resistance of a given primary cell using the potentiometer.
4 To determine resistance of a galvanometer by half-deflection method and to find its figure of merit.
5 To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into a voltmeter of desired range and to verify the same.
OR
To convert the given galvanometer (of known resistance and figure of merit) into an ammeter of desired range and to verify the same.
6 To find the frequency of AC mains with a sonometer.
Activities
1 To measure the resistance and impedance of an inductor with or without iron core
2 To measure resistance, voltage (AC/DC), current (AC) and check continuity of a given circuit using a multimeter.
3 To assemble a household circuit comprising three bulbs, three (on/off) switches, a fuse and a power source.
4 To assemble the components of a given electrical circuit.
5 To study the variation in potential drop with length of a wire for a steady current.
6 To draw the diagram of a given open circuit comprising at least a battery, resistor/rheostat, key, ammeter and voltmeter. Mark the components that are not connected in proper order and correct the circuit and also the circuit diagram.
Term II
Experiments
1 To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and1/v.
2 To find the focal length of a convex mirror, using a convex lens.
OR
To find the focal length of a concave lens, using a convex lens.
3 To determine angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between angle of incidence and angle of deviation.
4 To determine the refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
5 To find the refractive index of a liquid by using a convex lens and plane mirror.
6 To draw the I-V characteristic curve for a p-n junction diode in forward bias and reverse bias.
Activities
1 To identify a diode, an LED, a resistor and a capacitor from a mixed collection of such items.
2 Use a multimeter to see the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED and check whether a given electronic component (e.g., diode) is in working order.
3 To study effect of intensity of light (by varying distance of the source) on an LDR
4 To observe refraction and lateral deviation of a beam of light incident obliquely on a glass slab.
5 To observe polarization of light using two Polaroids.
6 To observe diffraction of light due to a thin slit.
7 To study the nature and size of the image formed by a (i) convex lens, (ii) concave mirror, on a screen by using a candle and a screen (for different distances of the candle from the lens/mirror).
8 To obtain a lens combination with the specified focal length by using two lenses from the given set of lenses.

Class 12 Chemistry Practicals Syllabus

Section Experiment
Term I
Volumetric analysis Determination of concentration/ molarity of KMnO4 solution by titrating it against a standard solution of i. Oxalic acid, ii. Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate (Students will be required to prepare standard solutions by weighing themselves).
Salt analysis (Qualitative analysis) Determination of one cation and one anion in a given salt.
Cations – Pb2+, Cu2+, As3+, Al3+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Co2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+
Anions – CO32-, S2-, SO32- , SO42-, NO2-, NO3-,Cl-, Br-, I-, PO43-, C2O42-, CH3COO- (Note: Insoluble salts excluded)
Content Based Experiments A. Chromatography
i. Separation of pigments from extracts of leaves and flowers by paper chromatography and determination of Rf values.
ii. Separation of constituents present in an inorganic mixture containing two cations only (constituents having large difference in Rf values to be provided).
B. Characteristic tests of carbohydrates, fats and proteins in pure samples and their detection in given foodstuffs.
Term II
Volumetric analysis Determination of concentration/ molarity of KMnO4 solution by titrating it against a standard solution of: i. Oxalic acid, ii. Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate (Students will be required to prepare standard solutions by weighing themselves).
Salt analysis (Qualitative analysis) Determination of one cation and one anion in a given salt.
Cations – Pb2+, Cu2+, As3+, Al3+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Co2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+
Anions – CO32-, S2-, SO32- , SO42-, NO2-, NO3-,Cl-, Br-, I-, PO43-, C2O42-, CH3COO- (Note: Insoluble salts excluded)
Content based experiment A. Preparation of Inorganic Compounds Preparation of double salt of Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate or Potash Alum. Preparation of Potassium Ferric Oxalate. B. Tests for the functional groups present in organic compounds: Unsaturation, alcoholic, phenolic, aldehydic, ketonic, carboxylic and amino (Primary) groups.

Class 12 Biology Practicals Syllabus

Term I
Section Experiments
A. List of Experiments Isolate DNA from available plant material such as spinach, green pea seeds, papaya, etc.
Prepare a temporary mount to observe pollen germination.
B. Study/observation of the following (Spotting) Flowers adapted to pollination by different agencies (wind, insects, birds).
Identification of stages of gamete development, i.e., T.S. of testis and T.S. of ovary through permanent slides (from grasshopper/mice).
Meiosis in onion bud cell or grasshopper testis through permanent slides.
T.S. of blastula through permanent slides (Mammalian).
Prepared pedigree charts of any one of the genetic traits such as rolling of tongue, blood groups, ear lobes, widow’s peak and colour blindness.
Term II
A. List of Experiments Prepare a temporary mount of onion root tip to study mitosis.
Collect water from two different water bodies around you and study them for pH, clarity and presence of any living organism
Collect and study soil from at least two different sites and study them for texture, moisture content, pH and water holding capacity. Correlate with the kinds of plants found in them.
B. Study/observation of the following (Spotting) Common disease-causing organisms like Ascaris, Entamoeba, Plasmodium, any fungus causing ringworm through permanent slides, models or virtual images. Comment on symptoms of diseases that they cause.
Two plants and two animals (models/virtual images) were found in xeric conditions. Comment upon their morphological adaptations.
Two plants and two animals (models/virtual images) were found in aquatic conditions. Comment upon their morphological adaptations.

Class 12 Computer Science Practicals Syllabus

Term I
Section Experiments
Python Programming Read a text file line by line and display each word separated by a #.
Read a text file and display the number of vowels/consonants/uppercase/lowercase characters in the file.
Remove all the lines that contain the character ‘a’ in a file and write it to another file.
Create a binary file with name and roll number. Search for a given roll number and display the name, if not found display appropriate message.
Create a binary file with roll number, name and marks. Input a roll number and update the marks.
Write a random number generator that generates random numbers between 1 and 6 (simulates a dice).
Create a CSV file by entering user‐id and password, read and search the password for given user‐ id.
Term II
Python Programming Write a Python program to implement a stack using the list.
Database Management Create a student table and insert data. Implement the following SQL commands on the student table:
ALTER table to add new attributes / modify data type / drop attribute
UPDATE table to modify data
ORDER By to display data in ascending / descending order
DELETE to remove tuple(s)
GROUP BY and find the min, max, sum, count and average Joining of two tables.
Similar exercises may be framed for other cases.
Integrate SQL with Python by importing a suitable module.

Study Plan to Maximise Score

Study Plan to Maximise Score

Preparation Tips

To ace the Class 12 board test with good scores, you must maintain a consistent study schedule. So, when you need assistance with your Ladakh Board Class 12 Board Exam preparation, you can refer to the points listed below.

  1. Exam Pattern: Don’t forget to look into the Ladakh Board Class 12 exam pattern. The exam pattern provides information about the structure of Class 12 question papers, which aids in preparing.
  2. Syllabus: Look through the Ladakh Board Class 12 curriculum. The syllabus contains a list of topics that you must learn in each of the subjects.
  3. Time Management: Always have a robust time management plan in place. You can create a timetable that you adhere to on a daily basis. Furthermore, don’t forget to allot time to each subject.
  4. Quality Study Material: An excellent study material will help you clarify your notions and have a better knowledge of subjects. The best material for Ladakh Board class 12 examinations are the prescribed NCERT textbooks.
  5. Take Notes: Always take notes while studying. You may always revise your notes and also topics from any subject. Furthermore, do not leave difficult topics until the last minute.
  6. Previous Year Question Papers: Spend as much time as possible practising Ladakh Board Class 12 question papers from previous years.
  7. Mock Examinations: You may also take mock tests to help you prepare for the Class 12 board exams.

Detailed Study plan

Here’s an example of a timeline we made for a last-month preparation approach. Make a timetable for one subject at a time. You might change it to suit your needs. Set up a certain time each day to study, and you’ll discover that it makes things so much simpler.

  1. Try doing a weekly review and a written test on what you studied over the week.
  2. Make sticky notes with difficult-to-remember information and attach them throughout your house.
  3. Devote more attention to tougher topics.
  4. You can choose two subjects that you find the most challenging and devote an extra hour to them each day.
  5. Rehearse sample papers/previous year papers to comprehend the pattern, evaluate your knowledge, and identify your weak points.
  6. Remain calm, cheerful, and self-assured.

Subject-wise Detailed Study Plan:

  • Physics – Keep a full record of all formulas, experiments, and derivations.
  • Chemistry – Questions in organic and inorganic chemistry are fact-based and may be answered rapidly with practice.
  • Maths – First, review the subject’s principles and ideas. Some computations might be time-consuming. You should put in a lot of practice time with these sorts of questions.
  • English – Read as much as you possibly can. Any good piece of literature should not escape your grasp: textbooks, newspapers, or anything else you can get your hands on. Follow an excellent grammar book and understand the fundamental rules.
  • Computer Science – Understanding is the key to passing a Computer Science test. Because the majority of the question paper is centred on programming, the only way to perform well is to be well-versed in programming.

Recommended Chapters

Here we are providing a list of important topics and chapters along with the weightage based on the last five previous year papers, based on experts’ opinion.

Physics Chemistry Mathematics
1. Dual Nature of Radiation Chemical Kinetics 1. Relations and Functions
2. Nuclei Surface Chemistry 2. Matrices and Determinant
3. Semiconductor p- block elements 3. Continuity and Differentiability Application of derivatives
4. Ray Optics d- block elements 4. Vectors and three-Dimensional geometry
5. Wave Optics Haloalkanes and haloarenes 5. Linear Programming

Important Dates

About Exam

Exam Date

The exam calendar released by CBSE for class 12 Term 1 held in 2021 is given below.

Date Time Subject
December 1 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Sociology
December 3 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM English Core
December 6 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Mathematics
December 7 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Physical Education
December 8 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Business Studies
December 9 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Geography
December 10 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Physics
December 11 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Psychology
December 13 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Accountancy
December 14 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Chemistry
December 15 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Economics
December 16 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Hindi
December 17 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Political Science
December 18 11.30 AM – 1.00 PM Biology

Exam Result

Exam Result

Result Declaration

Checking the Ladakh Board Class 12 Result 2022 Online

Candidates may check and download their Ladakh Board Class 12 result or scorecard by following the easy procedures outlined below.

Step 1: Go to the official result page.
Step 2: Search for the “Senior School Certificate Examination (Class-XII) 2022” link and click on it.
Step 3: Provide your Class 12 Roll Number, Registration ID, School ID, and Centre Number on the following page.
Step 4: Double-check the information and press the “Submit” button.
Step 5: The Ladakh Board class 12 result 2022 will display on the screen when you click the button.
Step 6: View and download their Ladakh Board Class 12 results for future reference. 

FAQs

Freaquently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Was there a change in Ladakh Board syllabus 2021 from 2020?
Ans: Yes, the officials at Ladakh Board had reduced the Ladakh Board syllabus for 2021 by up to 30% and introduced two-term board exams with different assessment schemes.

Q. When will the Ladakh board class 12th date sheet 2022 be issued?
Ans: Ladakh board class 12th date sheet exams 2022 was held from December 1 to December 22, 2021 for Term 1. The date sheet for Term 2 has not yet released. Once the officials have declared the exam dates, it will be updated here.

Q. Is the Ladakh Board syllabus the same as NCERT?
Ans: Yes, the Ladakh Board syllabus is the same as the NCERT syllabus.

Q. What is the passing percentage of Ladakh board class 12 examination?
Ans: The passing percentage of class 12 board exams is 33%.

Q. Where can I get the Ladakh Board official syllabus for Class 12?
Ans: You can download the Ladakh Board Class 12 official syllabus from this article. You can also download the same from the Ladakh Board official website, which is the same as the CBSE board syllabus.

Q. How should I start my preparation for Class 12?
Ans: Start with a practical study plan and begin with the topics that you are familiar with. Take your preparation level from easy to moderate, and then moderate to difficult.

Q. Name some of the courses available after 12.
Ans: A few courses available after class 12 are Engineering, Medical, Law, Science, Defence and Chartered Accountancy.

Q. What is the new exam pattern of Ladakh Board class 12?
Ans: The new exam pattern consists of two exams :

  • Term-1: First 50 % of the syllabus
  • Term-2: Next 50 % of the syllabus.

Q. Where can I check my Ladakh Class 12 board exam results?
Ans: You can check your results on the official website of Ladakh Board by entering the roll number or registration number and password.

Q. How can I download the Class 12 time table from the official website?
Ans: You can download the exam routine 2022 for Class 12 by following the steps below: 

  • Visit the official website.
  • Click on the link to download Class 12 date sheet 2022.
  • A new window will open. You will be able to download the routine in PDF format from here.
  • Take a print out of the page.

Q. What is the full form of JKBOSE?
Ans: JKBOSE stands for Jammu and Kashmir Board of School Education.

Dos and Donts

Q. Was there a change in Ladakh Board syllabus 2021 from 2020?
Ans: Yes, the officials at Ladakh Board had reduced the Ladakh Board syllabus for 2021 by up to 30% and introduced two-term board exams with different assessment schemes.

Q. When will the Ladakh board class 12th date sheet 2022 be issued?
Ans: Ladakh board class 12th date sheet exams 2022 was held from December 1 to December 22, 2021 for Term 1. The date sheet for Term 2 has not yet released. Once the officials have declared the exam dates, it will be updated here.

Q. Is the Ladakh Board syllabus the same as NCERT?
Ans: Yes, the Ladakh Board syllabus is the same as the NCERT syllabus.

Q. What is the passing percentage of Ladakh board class 12 examination?
Ans: The passing percentage of class 12 board exams is 33%.

Q. Where can I get the Ladakh Board official syllabus for Class 12?
Ans: You can download the Ladakh Board Class 12 official syllabus from this article. You can also download the same from the Ladakh Board official website, which is the same as the CBSE board syllabus.

Q. How should I start my preparation for Class 12?
Ans: Start with a practical study plan and begin with the topics that you are familiar with. Take your preparation level from easy to moderate, and then moderate to difficult.

Q. Name some of the courses available after 12.
Ans: A few courses available after class 12 are Engineering, Medical, Law, Science, Defence and Chartered Accountancy.

Q. What is the new exam pattern of Ladakh Board class 12?
Ans: The new exam pattern consists of two exams :

  • Term-1: First 50 % of the syllabus
  • Term-2: Next 50 % of the syllabus.

Q. Where can I check my Ladakh Class 12 board exam results?
Ans: You can check your results on the official website of Ladakh Board by entering the roll number or registration number and password.

Q. How can I download the Class 12 time table from the official website?
Ans: You can download the exam routine 2022 for Class 12 by following the steps below: 

  • Visit the official website.
  • Click on the link to download Class 12 date sheet 2022.
  • A new window will open. You will be able to download the routine in PDF format from here.
  • Take a print out of the page.

Q. What is the full form of JKBOSE?
Ans: JKBOSE stands for Jammu and Kashmir Board of School Education.

List of Educational Institutions

About Exam

List of Schools

S.No School Name and Address
1 Govt. Higher Secondary School Turtuk.
2 Govt. Higher Secondary School Bogdang (Nubra).
3 Govt. Higher Secondary School Diskit (Nubra)
4 Govt. Higher Secondary School Girls Leh.
5 Govt. Higher Secondary School Boys Leh.
6 Govt. Higher Secondary School Chuchot Shama.
7 Govt. Higher Secondary School Sakti.
8 Govt. Higher Secondary School Tangtse.
9 Govt. Higher Secondary School Nyoma.
10 Govt. Higher Secondary School Saspol.
11 Govt. Higher Secondary School Temisgam.
12 Govt. Higher Secondary School Khaltsi.
13 Govt. Higher Secondary School Skurbuchan.
14 Govt. High School Hunder (Nubra).
15 Govt. High School Sumoor (Nubra).
16 Govt. High School Panamik (Nubra)
17 Govt. High School Chushut (Changthang).
18 Govt. High School Chumathang.

 

To know more about the schools in Ladakh.

Future Exams

Similar

List of Future Exams

Class 12 exams are the qualifying criteria for most of the entrance exams taking place for admission to professional courses and other undergraduate programmes. Below is the list of future exams that a student can appear for while in Class 12 or after completing it.

Stream Exam
Engineering
  • Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main
  • JEE Advanced
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) entrance exam
  • COMED-K
  • IPU-CET (B. Tech)
  • Manipal (B. Tech)
  • VITEEE
  • AMU (B. Tech)
  • NDA Entrance with PCM (MPC)
Medical
  • National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET)
  • AIIMS
  • JIPMER
Defence Services
  • Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test
  • Indian Navy B.Tech Entry Scheme
  • Indian Army Technical Entry Scheme (TES)
  • National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (I)
Fashion and Design
  • National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) Entrance Test
  • National Institute of Design Admissions
  • All India Entrance Examination for Design (AIEED)
  • Symbiosis Institute of Design Exam
  • Footwear Design and Development Institute
  • Maeer’s MIT Institute of Design
  • National Institute of Fashion Design
  • National Aptitude Test in Architecture
  • Center for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT)
Social Sciences
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • IIT Madras Humanities and Social Sciences Entrance Examination (HSEE)
  • TISS Bachelors Admission Test (TISS-BAT)
Law
  • Common-Law Admission Test
  • All India Law Entrance Test (AILET)
Science
  • Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY)
  • National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)
Mathematics
  • Indian Statistical Institute Admission
  • Admissions to Universities
  • Various B.Sc Programs
  • Banasthali Vidyapith Admission

Practical Knowledge/Career Goals

Prediction

Learning from Real World

College graduates’ workplace performance expectations may be at an all-time high. Hiring organisations expect that each team member will arrive with all of the technical skills and essential competencies needed to get started right away. As a result, in order to obtain their degrees, college students require a varied range of learning experiences. In today’s world, experiential learning, in which students develop knowledge, skills, and values through experiences outside of traditional academic environments, is crucial.

Future Skills

It is feasible to enhance one’s ability to manage their own affairs. If you have the knowledge stated below, you can succeed in an automated or technological environment.

According to estimates, by 2025, the total number of connected devices will reach 75 billion. Engineers, programmers, and other IT specialists are in high demand. These specialists will need a diverse set of skills at every level of the technical stack to build and operate IT infrastructure at scale.

  • Machine learning and artificial intelligence
  • Information security
  • API automation and testing for mobile app development
  • Design for user experience and user interface

Career Skills

As previously stated, Class 12 is both an important portion of one’s life and a life-changing experience. As a result, you should master the skills stated below while studying the topics in order to strengthen your resume, which you will later provide to your desired job.

  • Problem-solving creativity
  • Personality traits
  • The ability to think critically
  • Public Speaking and Communication
  • Teamwork abilities

Career Prospects/Which stream to choose

Due to peer or family pressure, many students make blunders when choosing a career path. Every field now has a variety of options; choose based on your preferences.

Is it better to be a doctor or an engineer? When tenth-grade results are out, this is a common question that most students have. Only a small percentage of students have a clear vision of what they want to do with their lives. On the other hand, many students are bewildered and uncertain about their post-tenth-grade career prospects. The significance of choosing the correct path cannot be emphasised. Every course nowadays offers a wide range of options, but students should always choose depending on their unique inclinations. A student can pick between Science or Commerce or arts.

Class 12 – Science

The following are some science career choices for students:

  • B.Tech/B.E.
  • Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery ( MBBS)
  • Bachelor’s Degree in Pharmacy
  • Bachelor of Science in Medical Laboratory Technology (BScMLT) 
  • Forensic Science/Home Science

Class 12 – Commerce

After science, commerce is the second most common professional path. If statistics, finances, and economics excite you, commerce is the field for you.

Commerce students have the following career options:

  • Business Management 
  • Chartered Accountant
  • Business Management
  • Digital Marketing
  • Human Resource Development

Class 12 – Arts

Those who are engaged in academic study are drawn to the arts and humanities. Arts is the route for you if you are creative and want to learn more about humanity. Subjects for Arts students include history, political science, and geography.

Art students have the following career options:

  • Product Designer
  • Fashion Designer
  • Journalism
  • Interior Designing
  • Video Creation and Editing

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