Indian Army Ranks and Insignia 2022: How to Join the Indian Army
  • Written By Pritam G
  • Last Modified 29-06-2022
  • Written By Pritam G
  • Last Modified 29-06-2022

Indian Army Ranks and Insignia: Officers, JCOs, and NCOs

Indian Army Ranks: The Indian Army has introduced various ranks and cadres for administrative efficiency. Candidates aspiring to join the Indian Army must be familiar with the army’s rank hierarchy before applying for any post. Ranks in the Indian Army are broadly classified into three categories: Commissioned Officers (CO), Junior Commissioned Officers (JCO), and other ranks (Non-Commissioned Officers and Soldiers). The Indian Army ranks list is based on the candidate’s qualifications, performance, and experience in a particular field.

All the posts in the Commissioned Officer come under the Group A Service Officers and posts in Junior Commissioned Officers under the Group B Gazetted Officers. Read on to know more about the Indian Army ranks and salary, JCO ranks in the Indian Army, how to join the Indian Army and more.

Indian Army Ranks and Insignia

The Indian Army ranks reflect the ranks of western militaries, especially, the British and Commonwealth militaries. At present, the Indian army ranks list is classified into three categories:

  • Commissioned Officers (CO)
  • Junior Commissioned Officers (JCO)
  • Other ranks (Non-Commissioned Officers and Soldiers)

Let us look at the ranks under each of these three categories.

Ranks in Indian Army: Commissioned Officers

The Commissioned Officers are equivalent to All India Services and Group A Service Officers. The different ranks for Commissioned Officers are as under:

1 Field Marshal
2 General
3 Lieutenant General
4 Major General
5 Brigadier
6 Colonel
7 Lieutenant Colonel
8 Major
9 Captain
10 Lieutenant

Insignia for Commissioned Officers

The insignia for the Commissioned Officers are shown in the image below:

Indian Army Ranks - Commissioned Officers Insignia

Indian Army Ranks List

The description of each of these insignia as well as the collar patch for each of these ranks are tabulated below:

Indian Army Ranks – Commissioned Officers Insignia Description Collar Patch
Field MarshalNational emblem over a crossed sword and baton in a lotus blossom wreath.Crimson patches with five golden stars
GeneralNational emblem over a five-pointed star, all over a crossed baton and sabre.Crimson patches with four golden stars
Lieutenant GeneralNational emblem over crossed baton and sabre.Crimson patches with three golden stars
Major GeneralFive-pointed star over crossed baton and sabre.Crimson patches with two golden stars
BrigadierNational emblem over three five-pointed stars in a triangular formation.Crimson patches with one golden star
ColonelNational emblem over two five-pointed starsCrimson patches with golden braids
Lieutenant ColonelNational emblem over five-pointed star.
MajorNational emblem
CaptainThree five-pointed stars.
LieutenantTwo five-pointed stars.

Note that the rank of Field Marshal is primarily ceremonial in India. To date, this rank has been conferred to only two officers of the Indian Army – Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw and Field Marshal KM Cariappa.

The usual highest rank of the Indian Army is the rank of General, which is held by the Chief of Army Staff (COAS). New officers in the Indian Army are commissioned as Lieutenants, and after that, they get promoted to higher ranks in the order mentioned above.

JCO Ranks in Indian Army

The Junior Commissioned Officers (JCO) of the Indian Army are equivalent to Group B Gazetted Officers. The different ranks for Junior Commissioned Officers are as under:

1 Subedar Major
2 Subedar
3 Naib Subedar

Insignia for Junior Commissioned Officers

The insignia for the Junior Commissioned Officers are shown in the image below:

Indian Army Ranks - Junior Commissioned Officers Insignia

The description of each of these insignia for each of these ranks is tabulated below:

Junior Commissioned Officers RanksInsignia Description
Subedar MajorGold national emblem with stripe
SubedarTwo gold stars in one line with a stripe
Naik SubedarOne gold star with a stripe

Other Ranks in Indian Army

Other ranks in the Army include Non-Commissioned Officers and soldiers. They are authorised to wear Chevron as per the Corp Pattern or Regiment. Check the other different ranks below:

1 Company Quarter Master Havildar
2 Havildar
3 Naik
4 Lance Naik
5 Sepoy

Insignia for Other Ranks

The insignia for Non-Commissioned Officers and Soldiers of the Indian Army are shown in the image below:

Insignia for Non-Commissioned Officers and Soldiers

The description of each of these insignia for each of these ranks is tabulated below:

Non-Commissioned Officer and Soldier Ranks Insignia Description
CQMHThree Strips and Ashoka Chakra on top
HavildarThree rank chevrons
NaikTwo rank chevrons
Lance NaikSingle rank chevron
SepoyPlain shoulder badge only

How to Join the Indian Army?

There are several entry schemes available for both men and women to join the Indian Army.

Indian Army Entry Schemes for Men:

The entry schemes for men are given below:

  • Intermediate (10+2) – National Defence Academy (NDA) exam and 10+2 Technical Entry Scheme
  • Graduate UPSC – Indian Military Academy Direct (IMA) and Officers Training Academy (OTA) – Non-Technical
  • Graduate Non-UPSC – SSC (JAG) and SSC (NCC)
  • Graduate Technical Entries – University Entry Scheme (UES), TGC (Engineers), SSC (Technical) and AEC
  • Service Entries – ACC, PC (SL), and SCO
  • Miscellaneous Entries – Territorial Army (TA), RVC, AMC (NT), and APS

Indian Army Entry Schemes for Women:

The entry schemes for women are given below:

  • Graduate UPSC – SSCW (Non-Tech)
  • Graduate Non-UPSC – SSCW (NCC) and SSCW (JAG)
  • Graduate Tech Entries – SSCW (Technical)

Indian Ranks in the Army, Navy, and Airforce

Check the comparison of ranks of the Army, Navy, and Airforce in this section.

Indian Armed Forces: Ranks of Officers

Please find the ranks of the Indian Armed Forces Officers below:

Indian Army RanksIndian Navy RanksIndian Airforce Ranks
Field MarshalAdmiral of the FleetMarshal of Air Force
GeneralAdmiralAir Chief Marshal
Lieutenant GeneralVice AdmiralAir Marshal
Major GeneralRear AdmiralAir Vice Marshal
BrigadierCommodoreAir Commodore
ColonelCaptainGroup Captain
Lieutenant ColonelCommanderWing Commander
MajorLieutenant CommanderSquadron Leader
CaptainLieutenantFlight Lieutenant
LieutenantSub LieutenantFlying Officer

JCO Ranks in Indian Army & Other Ranks

Please find the JCO ranks below:

Indian Army RanksIndian Navy RanksIndian Airforce Ranks
Subedar MajorMaster Chief Petty Officer IMaster Warrant Officer
SubedarMaster Chief Petty Officer IIWarrant Officer
Naib SubedarChief Petty OfficerJunior Warrant Officer
HavildarPetty OfficerSergeant
NaikLeading SeamanCorporal
Lance NaikSeaman ILeading Aircraftman
SepoySeaman IIAircraftman

Indian Army Ranks and Salary

Not all levels are recruited directly through the NDA or CDS exams. In reality, only a small number of people are hired directly, and the remainder is promoted following a training period. These levels are further classified as Non-Commissioned Officers, Junior Commissioned Officers, and Commissioned Officers.

Indian Army Salary: After the 7th Pay Commission

Please check the salaries of the Indian Army ranks below:

Rank/Pay LevelSalary (After 7th Pay Commission)
Chief of Army Staff (Level 18)INR 2,50,000/- (Fixed)
VCOAS/Army Cdr/Lieutenant General (NEGS) (Level 17)INR 2,25,000/- (Fixed)
Indian Army Lieutenant General Salary (Level 15)INR 1,82,200/- – INR 2,24,100/-
Indian Army Major General Salary (Level 14)INR 1,44,200/- – INR 2,18,200/-
Indian Army Brigadier Salary (Level 13 A)INR 1,39,600/- – INR 2,17,600/-
Indian Army Colonel Salary (Level 13)INR 1,30,600/- – INR 2,15,900/-
Indian Army Lieutenant Colonel Salary (Level 12)INR 1,21,200/- – INR 2,12,400/-
Indian Army Major Salary (Level 11)INR 69400/- – INR 2,07,200/-
Indian Army Captain Salary (Level 10 B)INR 61,300/- – INR 1,93,900/-
Indian Army Lieutenant Salary (Level 10)INR 56,100/- – INR 1,77,500/-
Indian Army Subedar Major Salary (Level 8)INR 34,800/-
Indian Army Subedar Salary (Level 7)INR 34,800/-
Indian Army Naib Subedar Salary (Level 6)INR 34,800/-
Indian Army Havaldar Salary (Level 5)INR 34,800/-
Indian Army Naik Salary (Level 4)INR 20,200/-
Indian Army Lance Naik Salary (Level 3)INR 20,200/-
Indian Army Sepoy Salary (Level 3)INR 20,200/-

Now that you have all the details necessary to start your preparation for your career in the defence forces, it is time to learn the important concepts required to crack defence exams. Embibe offers interactive videos that explain defence exam concepts in-depth and offers personalised guidance to suit each aspirant’s level of preparedness. Our AI-powered system guarantees remarkable improvement in a matter of a few days.

Also, check the related links below:

Join Indian ArmyJoin Indian Navy
Join Indian AirforceUPSC NDA
UPSC CDSAFCAT
India Army SalaryIndian Territorial Army

FAQs on Indian Army Ranks 2022

Following are some of the frequently asked questions related to the Indian Army Ranking and Insignia:

Q.1: What are the different ranks of the Indian Army?
A. In the Indian Army, the ranks are classified into three categories:

  • Commissioned Officers
  • Junior Commissioned Officers
  • Other Ranks (Non-Commissioned Officers and Soldiers)

Q2: What is the highest rank in the Indian Army?
A. The highest rank in the India Army is the Field Marshal. However, this has been conferred only to two officers of the Indian Army – Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw and Field Marshal KM Cariappa. The usual highest rank is the rank of General which is held by the Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army (COAS).

Q.3: What is the lowest rank in the Indian Army?
A. The lowest rank is the Sepoy in the Indian Army.

Q.4: Which is the first rank of commissioned officers in the Indian Army?
A. Candidates who are joining the Indian Army as officers will be commissioned as Lieutenant.

Q.5: Which rank is given after NDA?
A. For candidates joining the army through the NDA exam will be commissioned as Lieutenant after completion of training.

Candidates can check this page for Sarkari Naukri latest updates that will help them to know about the ongoing and upcoming Sarkari exam. Moreover, they can also check the Sarkari result to know their status of qualifying for the exam for which they have appeared. If you aspire to join the Indian Army, you must prepare in a serious manner. Embibe provides NDA mock tests for free. These tests will be of great help in your Indian Army recruitment preparation.

We hope this article on ‘Indian Army Ranks’ helps you. If you have any academic queries, do reach out to us. You can write us a mail at support@embibe.com or call 1800313002020 (Toll Free) & +91-7666597555. We will be happy to help you.

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