• Written By Khushbu
  • Last Modified 19-05-2023

JEE Main 2024 Physics Topic-wise Syllabus


The National Testing Agency (NTA) will release the JEE Main 2024 Physics syllabus on the official website and the brochure. Meanwhile, aspirants appearing for JEE Main 2024 can refer to the previous year’s Physics question papers to get a general idea of the important topics for the exam. The JEE Main Physics paper will have sections A and B. Section A consists of the theory part, which has a weightage of 80%, while Section B includes the practical component with a weightage of 20%.

The JEE Main 2024 Session 1 exam will tentatively be conducted on January 24, 25, 28 (Shift 2), 29, 30, 31 and February 01, 2024. Candidates can download the Physics syllabus for JEE Mains in a PDF to know the important topics and plan their studies accordingly. Candidates for the JEE Main exam must clearly understand the JEE Mains Physics syllabus 2024. Continue reading to get complete details on the Physics syllabus for JEE Main 2024.

Latest Updates:
— JEE Main Session 2 result was released on April 28, 2023.

JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024

Before getting into the details of the JEE Mains Physics Syllabus 2024, let us have an overview of the exam:

Exam NameJEE Main
Full-FormJoint Entrance Exam
Conducting BodyNational Testing Agency (NTA)
Frequency of Exam2 Times a Year
(January and April)
Exam LevelNational Level
Physics, and
Maths – Part I,
Aptitude Test – Part II,
Drawing Test – Part III
Maths – Part I,
Aptitude Test – Part II,
Planning Based MCQs – Part III
Exam DateFirst Session: January 24, 25, 28 (shift 2), 29, 30, 31 and February 01, 2024
Second Session: April 6, 8, 10, 11, and 12, 2024
Languages13 Languages – Assamese, Bengali, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Hindi, English and Gujarati
Mode of ApplicationOnline
Mode of ExamComputer-Based Test (CBT)
Pen and paper-based offline test for B. Arch Drawing Test
Question TypeMultiple Choice Questions
Filling Numerical Values
Exam Duration3 Hours for Paper 1 and 3:30 Hours for Paper 2
Marking Scheme+4 Marks for Each Correct Answer
-1 Mark for Every Wrong Answer (for MCQ and Numerical-Based Questions)
Official Websitejeemain.nta.nic.in

JEE Main Physics Syllabus PDF 2024 

The National Testing Agency (NTA) will release the PDF form of the syllabus for Physics for JEE Mains 2024. Meanwhile, candidates can go through the PDF of the JEE Mains Physics syllabus to start their preparation. They can download the Physics syllabus of JEE Main from the table below:

PaperDownload Links
JEE Main Physics Syllabus for BE or B.TechDownload here

Chapter-wise JEE Mains Physics Syllabus 2024 

Candidates can check the table below to know the JEE Main 2024 Physics syllabus:

Physics & Measurements Thermodynamics
Kinematics Rotational Motion
Gravitation Work, Energy and Power
Work and Energy Properties of Matter
Laws of Motion Electronic Devices
Oscillations Waves
Current Electricity Electromagnetic Waves
Semiconductors and Communication System Electromagnetic Induction
Magnetism Alternating Current
Magnetic Effects of Current Kinetic Theory of Gases
Dual Nature of Matter & Radiation Radiation
Atoms Nuclear Physics and X-Rays
Ray Optics Electrostatics

Section-wise JEE Main Physics Syllabus 

Candidates can practice section-wise topic of JEE Mains Physics syllabus below:

Modern Physics

1Atomic Structure in Modern Physics
2Experimental Physics
3Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity
4Photo-Electric Effect and Electromagnetic Waves
5Semiconductors and Communication System

Mechanics 2

1Centre of Mass and Momentum Conservation
2Circular Motion
4Properties of Matter and Fluid Mechanics
6Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)


1Electric charges and Fields
2Electric Potential and Capacitance
3Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
5Classical Magnetism and Magnetic Properties of Matter

Heat and Thermodynamics

1Heat Transfer
2Laws of Thermodynamics
3Thermal Properties of Matter, Calorimetry and Kinetic Theory of Gases


1Ray Optics
2Wave Optics


1Mathematics in Physics
2Motion in One Dimension
3Motion in Two Dimension and Projectile Motion
4Newton’s Laws of Motion
5Units and Dimensions
6Work, Power and Energy

Mechanical Waves


Detailed JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024 – Topic wise

Candidates can check the detailed topic-wise JEE Physics syllabus to know the important JEE Main Physics topics.

JEE Main Physics Syllabus – Section A

Physics and Measurement

Physics and MeasurementPhysics, Technology and Society
SI Units
Fundamental and Derived Units
Least Count, Accuracy and Precision of Measuring Instruments
Errors in Measurement
Dimensions of Physical Quantities
Dimensional Analysis and its Applications


KinematicsFrame of Reference
Motion in a Straight Line
Position-time Graph, Speed and Velocity
Uniform and Non-uniform Motion, Average Speed and Instantaneous Velocity
Uniformly Accelerated Motion, Velocity-time, Position-time Graphs, Relations for Uniformly Accelerated Motion
Scalars and Vectors
Vector addition and Subtraction
Zero Vector
Scalar and Vector Products
Unit Vector
Resolution of a Vector
Relative Velocity
Motion in a Plane
Projectile Motion
Uniform Circular Motion

Laws of Motion

Laws of MotionForce and Inertia
Newton’s First Law of motion
Newton’s Second Law of motion
Newton’s Third Law of motion
Law of Conservation of Linear Momentum and its Applications
Equilibrium of Concurrent Forces
Static and Kinetic friction
Laws of Friction, Rolling Friction
Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion
Centripetal Force and its Applications

Work, Energy and Power

Work, Energy and PowerWork Done by a Constant Force and a Variable Force
Kinetic and Potential Energies
Work-energy Theorem
Potential Energy of a Spring
Conservation of Mechanical Energy
Conservative and Non-conservative Forces
Elastic and Inelastic Collisions in One and Two Dimensions

Rotational Motion

Rotational MotionCentre of Mass of a Two-particle System
Centre of Mass of a Rigid Body
Basic Concepts of Rotational Motion
Moment of a Force, Torque
Angular Momentum
Conservation of Angular Momentum and its Applications
Moment of Inertia
Radius of Gyration
Values of Moments of Inertia for Simple Geometrical Objects
Parallel and Perpendicular Axes Theorems and Their Applications
Rigid Body Rotation
Equations of Rotational Motion


GravitationThe Universal Law of Gravitation
Acceleration Due to Gravity and Its Variation With Altitude and Depth
Kepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion
Gravitational Potential Energy; Gravitational Potential
Escape Velocity
Orbital Velocity of a Satellite
Geo-Stationary Satellites

Properties of Solids and Liquids

Properties of Solids and LiquidsElastic Behaviour
Stress-Strain Relationship
Hooke’s Law
Young’s Modulus, Bulk Modulus, Modulus of Rigidity
Pressure Due to a Fluid Column
Pascal’s Law and Its Applications
Viscosity, Stokes’ Law, Terminal Velocity, Streamline and Turbulent Flow
Reynolds Number
Bernoulli’s Principle and Its Applications
Surface Energy and Surface Tension, Angle of Contact, Application of Surface Tension – Drops, Bubbles and Capillary Rise
Heat, Temperature, Thermal Expansion; Specific Heat Capacity, Calorimetry; Change of State, Latent Heat
Heat Transfer-Conduction, Convection and Radiation
Newton’s Law of Cooling


ThermodynamicsThermal Equilibrium
Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics, Concept of Temperature
Heat, Work and Internal Energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics: Reversible and Irreversible Processes
Carnot Engine and Its Efficiency

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Kinetic Theory of GasesEquation of State of a Perfect Gas, Work Done on Compressing a Gas
Kinetic Theory of Gases-Assumptions, Concept of Pressure
Kinetic Energy and Temperature: RMS Speed of Gas Molecules
Degrees of Freedom, Law of Equipartition of Energy, Applications to Specific Heat Capacities of Gases
Mean Free Path
Avogadro’s Number

Oscillations and Waves

Oscillations and WavesPeriodic Motion – Period, Frequency, Displacement as a Function of Time
Periodic Functions
Simple Harmonic Motion (S.h.M.) And Its Equation
Oscillations of a Spring -Restoring Force and Force Constant
Energy in S.H.M. – Kinetic and Potential Energies
Simple Pendulum – Derivation of Expression for Its Time Period
Free, Forced and Damped Oscillations, Resonance
Wave Motion
Longitudinal and Transverse Waves, Speed of a Wave
Displacement Relation for a Progressive Wave
Principle of Superposition of Waves, Reflection of Waves
Standing Waves in Strings and Organ Pipes, Fundamental Mode and Harmonics
Doppler Effect in Sound


ElectrostaticsElectric Charges: Conservation of Charge
Coulomb’s Law-Forces Between Two Point Charges, Forces Between Multiple Charges; Superposition Principle and Continuous Charge Distribution
Electric Field: Electric Field Due to a Point Charge
Electric Field Lines
Electric Dipole
Electric Field Due to a Dipole
Torque on a Dipole in a Uniform Electric Field
Electric Flux
Gauss’s Law and Its Applications to Find Field Due to Infinitely Long Uniformly Charged Straight Wire, Uniformly Charged Infinite Plane Sheet and Uniformly Charged Thin Spherical Shell
Electric Potential and Its Calculation for a Point Charge, Electric Dipole and System of Charges
Equipotential Surfaces
Electrical Potential Energy of a System of Two Point Charges in an Electrostatic Field
Conductors and Insulators
Dielectrics and Electric Polarization, Capacitor
Combination of Capacitors in Series and in Parallel
Capacitance of a Parallel Plate Capacitor With and Without Dielectric Medium Between the Plates
Energy Stored in a Capacitor

Current Electricity

Current ElectricityElectric Current
Drift Velocity
Ohm’s Law
Electrical Resistance
Resistances of Different Materials
V-I Characteristics of Ohmic and Non-ohmic Conductors
Electrical Energy and Power
Electrical Resistivity
Colour Code for Resistors
Series and Parallel Combinations of Resistors
Temperature Dependence of Resistance
Electric Cell and Its Internal Resistance, Potential Difference and Emf of a Cell
Combination of Cells in Series and in Parallel
Kirchhoffs Laws and Their Applications
Wheatstone Bridge, Metre Bridge
Potentiometer – Principle and Its Applications

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Magnetic Effects of Current and MagnetismBiot – Savart Law and Its Application to Current Carrying Circular Loop.
Ampere’s Law and Its Applications to Infinitely Long Current-Carrying Straight Wire and Solenoid
Force on a Moving Charge in Uniform Magnetic and Electric Fields. Cyclotron
Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor in a Uniform Magnetic Field
Force Between Two Parallel Current-Carrying Conductors-Definition of Ampere
Torque Experienced by a Current Loop in Uniform Magnetic Field
Moving Coil Galvanometer, Its Current Sensitivity and Conversion to Ammeter and Voltmeter
Current Loop as a Magnetic Dipole and Its Magnetic Dipole Moment
Bar Magnet as an Equivalent Solenoid, Magnetic Field Lines
Earth’s Magnetic Field and Magnetic Elements
Para-, Dia- And Ferro-Magnetic Substances
Magnetic Susceptibility and Permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and Permanent Magnets.

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating CurrentsElectromagnetic Induction
Faraday’s Law, Induced EMF and Current
Lenz’s Law
Eddy Currents
Self and Mutual Inductance
Alternating Currents, Peak and RMS Value of Alternating Current/ Voltage; Reactance and Impedance
LCR Series Circuit, Resonance
Quality Factor, Power in AC Circuits, Wattless Current
AC Generator and Transformer

Electromagnetic Waves

Electromagnetic WavesElectromagnetic Waves and Their Characteristics
Transverse Nature of Electromagnetic Waves
Electromagnetic Spectrum (Radio Waves, Microwaves, Infrared, Visible, Ultraviolet, X-Rays, Gamma Rays)
Applications of E.M. Waves


OpticsReflection and Refraction of Light at Plane and Spherical Surfaces, Mirror Formula
Total Internal Reflection and Its Applications
Deviation and Dispersion of Light by a Prism
Lens Formula
Power of a Lens
Combination of Thin Lenses in Contact
Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (Reflecting and Refracting) And Their Magnifying Powers
Wave Optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ Principle
Laws of Reflection and Refraction Using Huygen’s Principle
Young’s Double-Slit Experiment and Expression for Fringe Width
Coherent Sources and Sustained Interference of Light
Diffraction Due to a Single Slit, Width of Central Maximum
Resolving Power of Microscopes and Astronomical Telescopes
Polarisation, Plane-Polarized Light
Brewster’s Law, Uses of Plane-Polarized Light and Polaroids

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Dual Nature of Matter and RadiationDual Nature of Radiation
Photoelectric Effect, Hertz and Lenard’s Observations
Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation; Particle Nature of Light
Matter Waves-Wave Nature of Particle, de Broglie Relation
Davis Son-Germer Experiment

Atoms and Nuclei

Atoms and NucleiAlpha-Particle Scattering Experiment
Rutherford’s Model of Atom
Bohr Model, Energy Levels, Hydrogen Spectrum.
Composition and Size of Nucleus, Atomic Masses, Isotopes, Isobars, Isotones.
Radioactivity-Alpha, Beta and Gamma Particles/Rays, and Their Properties; Radioactive Decay Law.
Mass-Energy Relation, Mass Defect; Binding Energy per Nucleon and Its Variation With Mass Number, Nuclear Fission and Fusion

Electronic Devices

Electronic DevicesSemiconductors; Semiconductor Diode:
I-V Characteristics in Forward and Reverse Bias
Diode as a Rectifier
1-V Characteristics of Led
Solar Cell and Zener Diode
Zener Diode as a Voltage Regulator
Junction Transistor
Transistor Action
Characteristics of a Transistor
Transistor as an Amplifier (Common Emitter Configuration) And Oscillator.
Logic Gates (Or, and, Not, Nand and Nor). Transistor as a Switch

Communication Systems

Communication SystemsPropagation of Electromagnetic Waves in the Atmosphere
Sky and Space Wave Propagation
Need for Modulation
Amplitude and Frequency Modulation
Bandwidth of Signals
The Bandwidth of Transmission Medium
Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram Only)

JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024 – Section B

Candidates can check the JEE Mains Physics Syllabus for Section – B. It carries a weightage of 20%.

Experimental SkillsFamiliarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:
Vernier Callipers- It is used to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
Screw Gauge- It is used to determine the thickness/ diameter of a thin sheet/wire.
Simple Pendulum- Dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time.
Metre Scale- Mass of a given object by principle of moments.
Young’s Modulus of Elasticity of the Material of a Metallic Wire.
Surface Tension of Water by Capillary Rise and Effect of Detergents.
Co-efficient of Viscosity of a Given Viscous Liquid by Measuring Terminal Velocity of a Given Spherical Body.
Plotting a Cooling Curve for the Relationship Between the Temperature of a Hot Body and Time.
Speed of Sound in Air at Room Temperature Using a Resonance Tube.

Specific Heat Capacity of a Given
(I) Solid And
(II) Liquid by Method of Mixtures.
The resistivity of the Material of a Given Wire Using Metre Bridge.
Resistance of a Given Wire Using Ohm’s Law.
A) Comparison of Emf of Two Primary Cells.
B) Determination of Internal Resistance of a Cell.
Resistance and Figure of Merit of a Galvanometer by Half Deflection Method.
Focal Length of the Following Using Parallax Method:
A) Convex Mirror
B) Concave Mirror, And
C) Convex Lens
The plot of Angle of Deviation vs Angle of Incidence for a Triangular Prism.
Refractive Index of a Glass Slab Using a Travelling Microscope.
Characteristic Curves of a P-N Junction Diode in Forward and Reverse Bias.
Characteristic Curves of a Zener Diode and Finding Reverse Break Down Voltage.
Characteristic Curves of a Transistor and Finding Current Gain and Voltage Gain.
Identification of Diode, Led, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor From Mixed Collection of Such Items.
Using Multimeter To:
A) Identify the Base of a Transistor
B) Distinguish Between n-p-n and p-n-p Type Transistor
C) See the Unidirectional Flow of Current in Case of a Diode and an Led
D) Check the Correctness or Otherwise of a Given Electronic Component (Diode, Transistor or IC)

JEE Main Physics Syllabus Weightage 2024

The JEE Main question paper comprises a wide range of topics from the physics section. Therefore, it is important to be aware of the topic-wise weightage of the Physics section. Candidates can check the same below:

JEE Main Physics Syllabus – Weightage for Paper 1

JEE Main Syllabus for Physics with Weightage

JEE Mains Physics Syllabus with Weightage

The physics syllabus and the relevant weightage to each section are given below.

Wave Motion7
Rotational Motion7
Laws of Motion6
Ray Optics6
Magnetic effect of Current and Magnetism6
Simple Harmonic Motion5
Wave optics5
Units Dimension Errors4
Work Energy Power4
Modern Physics4
Current Electricity4
Electromagnetic Induction3
Physics of Nucleus3
Solids and Semiconductor Devices2
Center of Mass, Impulse and Momentum2
Kinetic Theory of Gases2
Alternating Current1
EM waves1

Class-wise Distribution of JEE Mains Physics Syllabus 2024

The data for the class-wise distribution of JEE Mains Physics syllabus as per the trends seen till now is tabulated as follows:

JEE Main Physics Syllabus Class 11 and 12

Topics From Class XITopics From Class XII
Unit, Dimension and MeasurementGeometrical Optics
KinematicsWave Optics
Newton’s Law of MotionElectrostatics
Circular MotionCapacitance
Work, Power & EnergyCurrent Electricity
Momentum & CollisionGravitation
Center of Mass & InertiaMagnetic Effects of Current & Magnetism
Rotational DynamicsNuclear Physics & Radio Activity
Elasticity, Calorimetry, Thermal ExpansionCommunication Systems
KTG and ThermodynamicsElectromagnetic Induction and AC
Simple Harmonics MotionElectronics Devices
Mechanical WavesDual Nature of Matter and radiation.
Fluid MechanicsError in Measurement & Instruments

Best Books for JEE Mains Physics

Candidates can check the list of some important JEE Mains Physics Books recommended by experts:

A Collection of questions and problems in PhysicsL.A. Sena
Advanced Level Physics: Examples and ExercisesNelkon, Michael, Parker, Philip
Concepts of physics for JEEH.C. Verma (Vol. I and Vol. II)
Fundamental-PhysicsHalliday, Resnick and Walker
IIT JEE Physics 35 years chapter-wise solved papersD.C. Pandey
Physics (Vol. I and II)Paul A. Tipler
Problems in PhysicsA.A. Pinsky

JEE Main Mock Tests

Candidates can follow the below-mentioned steps to attempt JEE Main mock test at Embibe:

  • 1st Step: Visit Embibe’s official website, i.e., embibe.com.
  • 2nd Step: Login using mobile number/email.
  • 3rd Step: Then select your ‘Goal’ as ‘JEE Main’ under Engineering
  • 4th Step: Click ‘Next’ and select your preferred language.
  • 5th Step: Refer to the below-mentioned links to attempt mock tests.
JEE Main Mock Test
JEE Main Physics Mock Test JEE Main Mathematics Mock Test
JEE Main Chemistry Mock Test

FAQs on JEE Main Physics Syllabus 

Here we have answered some of the frequently asked questions related to the Physics Syllabus for JEE Mains:

Q: Is physics NCERT enough for JEE mains?

Ans: NCERT Solutions of Class 11 and 12 Physics will definitely improve your JEE Physics scores. NCERT textbooks for Physics carry the basic concepts of topics covered in the JEE Main syllabus.

Q: From where can I solve Physics questions for free?

Ans: You can get free JEE Main Physics practice questions at Embibe.

Q: Are questions asked from the Class 11 syllabus for JEE Main Physics?

Ans: Yes, questions in JEE Main Physics will also be asked from the Class 11 & 12 syllabi.

Q: What are the exam dates for JEE Main Session 1?

Ans: The JEE Mains 2024 session 1 will tentatively be conducted on January 24, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31 and February 01, 2024.

Q: Is there any negative marking in JEE Main 2024?

Ans: Both sections have negative markings (MCQs and numerical-based questions).

Related Links:

JEE Main Syllabus 2024JEE Main 2024 Admit Card
JEE Main 2024 Preparation TipsJEE Main 2024 Exam Pattern

Now that you know everything about the JEE Main Physics syllabus, we hope that this article proves to be helpful for you. Complete the syllabus and attempt as many JEE Main mock tests as possible. This will help you know your preparation status and help you identify your weak areas.

Embibe wishes you good luck for JEE Main 2024!

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