• Written By Akash_Anand
  • Last Modified 23-08-2022

JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus: Branch-wise Syllabus PDF


JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2022: NTA has decided to conduct the JEE Main session 1 from June 20 to 29, 2022, and JEE Main session 2 from July 25 to 30, 2022. The registration process for session 2 is over. Candidates filled out the JEE Main application form 2022 for session 2 from April 8, 2022. Aspirants appear for the JEE Main entrance test to get into the best NITs, IIITs, CFTIs, and GFTIs, or to become eligible for the JEE Advanced exam.

This is where the importance of JEE Main 2022 Chemistry syllabus comes into play. Chemistry is the most scoring subject. We have provided the complete JEE Mains 2022 chemistry syllabus in this article. Candidates can go through various branches of JEE Main Chemistry syllabus in detail, such as JEE Mains Inorganic Chemistry syllabus, JEE Mains Organic Chemistry syllabus and JEE mains Chemistry syllabus PDF and more.

Latest Updates:
– NTA is conducting JEE Main 2022 July attempt from July 25 to 30, 2022.
– JEE Main 2022 dates for both sessions 1 and 2 have been revised.
– Candidates can submit their JEE Main application form 2022 for session 2 from April 8 to May 3, 2022
– The application correction window for JEE Main 2022 – session 1 was open from April 6 to April 8, 2022
– The last date to apply for JEE Main Session 1 and the payment of the application fee was extended until April 5, 2022.

JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2022

Before we get into the details of the Chemistry syllabus of JEE Main 2022, let us look at important exam dates so that candidates can strategise their preparation plan and leave a buffer time for practicing the JEE Main mock tests. The exam dates for JEE Mains are mentioned as under:

Exam ParticularsJEE Main Session 1JEE Main Session 2
Release of JEE Main Application Form 2022March 1, 2022June 1, 2022
Last Date To Submit the JEE Main Application Form 2022April 5, 2022July 9, 2022
Last Date To Submit the JEE Main Application Fee 2022April 5, 2022July 12, 2022
Correction Window OpensApril 6, 2022To Be Announced
Correction Window ClosesApril 8, 2022To Be Announced
Release of JEE Main Admit Card 2022DeclaredJuly 21, 2022
JEE Main Exam Dates 2022June 23 to June 29, 2022July 25 to 30, 2022
Date of Declaration of JEE Main Result 2022July 11, 2022To be declared

JEE Mains Chemistry Syllabus 2022 in Detail

Candidates will be asked a total of 30 questions in Chemistry. Section A and section B will have 20 and 10 questions respectively. It is important for candidates to know the Chemistry syllabus thoroughly so that they are able to answer maximum questions correctly.

The experts at Embibe have analysed the previous years’ JEE Main papers and concluded that the questions asked in JEE Main Chemistry section are of easy to moderate difficulty. However, the complete JEE Chemistry syllabus 2022 is quite lengthy. This is why we advise candidates to focus on the basics and prepare well for the topics with high weightage. They can also go through the JEE Main important chapters.

Read Also – JEE Main Syllabus 2022 PDF (All sections)

Here we have provided the topic-wise JEE Main Chemistry syllabus 2022.

JEE Main Physical Chemistry Syllabus 2022

Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts of ChemistryMatter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory;
Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound;
Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis;
Laws of chemical combination: Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae; Chemical equations and stoichiometry.
Unit 2: States of MatterClassification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states.
Gaseous State:- Measurable properties of gases;
Gas laws – Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure;
Concept of Absolute scale of temperature;
Ideal gas equation;
Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates);
Concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities;
Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor and van der Waals equation.
Solid State:- Classification of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea);
Bragg’s Law and its applications; Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fee, bec and hep lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; Electrical and magnetic properties.
Liquid State:- Properties of liquids – vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).
Unit 3: Atomic StructureThomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations;
Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect;

Spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model;

Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features. Concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions;

Variation of t|/ and \|/2 with r for Is and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number;

Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.
Unit 4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular StructureCovalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan’s rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.

Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds.

Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.

Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding:
Valence bond theory – Its important features, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals; Resonance.

Molecular Orbital Theory – Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy.

Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.
Unit 5: Chemical ThermodynamicsFundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.

First law of thermodynamics – Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation;

Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution.

Second law of thermodynamics: Spontaneity of processes; AS of the universe and AG of the system as criteria for spontaneity, AG” (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.
Unit 6: SolutionsColligative properties of dilute solutions – relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties;

Different methods for expressing concentration of solution – molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law – Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions;

Abnormal value of molar mass, van’t Hoff factor and its significance.
Unit 7: EquilibriumMeaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium.
Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid -liquid, liquid – gas and solid – gas equilibria, Henry’s law, general characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.

Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid – base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, significance of AG and AG” in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.
Unit 8: Redox Reactions and ElectrochemistryElectronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.

Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.

Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change; Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.

Electrochemical cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement.
Unit 9: Chemical KineticsRate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst;
elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half -lives, effect of temperature on the rate of reactions -Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).
Unit 10: Surface ChemistryColloidal state- distinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloids -lyophilic, lyophobic; multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids – Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation; Emulsions and their characteristics.

Catalysis – Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its mechanism.

Adsorption- Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids – Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.

JEE Main Inorganic Chemistry Syllabus 2022

Unit 11: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in PropertiesModern periodic law and the present form of the periodic table.
s, p, d and f block elements.

Periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionisation enthalpy.

Electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.
Unit 12: General Principles and Process of Isolation of MetalsModes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores.

Extraction of metals: concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn, and Fe.

Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles are involved in the extraction of metals.
Unit 13: HydrogenThe position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties, and uses of hydrogen.

Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water.

Structure, preparation, reactions, and uses of hydrogen peroxide.

Classification of hydrides: ionic, covalent and interstitial.
Hydrogen as a fuel.
Unit 14: S Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)Group 1 and Group 2 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.

Preparation and properties of some important compounds: sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate.

Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement.

The biological significance of Na, K, Mg, and Ca.
Unit 15: P Block ElementsGroup 13 to Group 18 Elements: General Introduction, Electronic configuration, general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group. Groupwise study of the p block elements.

Group 13: Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride, and alums.

Group 14: Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties, and uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites, and silicones.

Group 15: Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotropic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure, and ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.

Group 16: Preparation, properties, structures and uses of dioxygen and ozone; Allotropic forms of sulfur; Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulfur dioxide, sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulfur.

Group 17: Preparation, properties, and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxyacids of halogens.

Group 18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.
Unit 16: D and F Block ElementsTransition Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements: physical properties, ionisation enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation.

Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.

Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanides, Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction,

Actinoids: Electronic configuration and oxidation states.
Unit 17: Coordination CompoundsIntroduction to coordination compounds, Werner’s theory.
Ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation.

IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism.

Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties.

Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).
Unit 18: Environmental ChemistryEnvironmental pollution: Atmospheric, water, and soil.

Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
Greenhouse effect and Global warming, acid rain.

Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects, and prevention.
Atmospheric pollution: Tropospheric and stratospheric.

Tropospheric pollutants – Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; Green house effect and Global warming; Acid rain;

Stratospheric pollution: Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer its mechanism and effects.

Water Pollution: Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes, and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.

Soil pollution: Major pollutants such as Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides) their harmful effects and prevention.

Strategies to control environmental pollution.

JEE Main Organic Chemistry Syllabus 2022

Unit 19: Purification and Characterisation of Organic CompoundsPurification: Crystallization, differential extraction, sublimation, distillation and chromatography principles and their applications.

Qualitative analysis: Detection of halogens, phosphorus, nitrogen and sulfur.

Quantitative analysis: Estimation of carbon, halogens, sulphur, hydrogen, nitrogen and phosphorus.

Calculations of empirical formula and molecular formulae, Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.
Unit 20: Some Basic Principles of Organic ChemistryTetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules – hybridisation (s and p).

Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC): Covalent bond fission Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.

Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: -C = C- and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur; Homologous series.

Isomerism: structural and stereoisomerism.

Electronic displacement in a covalent bond: Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.

Common types of organic reactions: Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.
Unit 21: HydrocarbonsClassification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.

Alkanes: Conformations; Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.

Alkenes: Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerisation.

Alkynes: Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.

Aromatic hydrocarbons: Nomenclature, benzene structure and aromaticity.

Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel Crafts alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.
Unit 22: Organic Compounds Containing HalogensGeneral methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.

Nature of C – X bond.

Mechanisms of substitution reactions.

Uses, Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons, and DDT.
Unit 23: Organic Compounds Containing OxygenGeneral methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.

Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.

Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, and sulphonation, Reimer Tiemann reaction.

Carboxylic Acids: Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

Ethers: Structure

Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones.

Important reactions such as Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction.

Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.
Unit 24: Organic Compounds Containing NitrogenGeneral methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.

Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic characters.
Unit 25: PolymersGeneral introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerisation addition and condensation, co-polymerization.

Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanisation.

Some important polymers emphasise their monomers and uses, polyethene, nylon, polyester, and bakelite.
Unit 26: BiomoleculesGeneral introduction and importance of biomolecules.

Carbohydrates: Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen).

Proteins: Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.

Vitamins: Classification and functions.

Nucleic Acids – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.
Unit 27: Chemistry in Everyday LifeChemicals in medicines: Analgesics, tranquillisers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines their meaning and common examples.

Chemicals in food: Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents common examples.

Cleansing agents: Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.
Unit 28: Principles Related to Practical ChemistryDetection of extra elements (N, S, halogens) in organic compounds.

Detection of the following functional groups: carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.

Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum, and Organic compounds: Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.

Titrimetric exercises: Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.

Qualitative salt analysis – Cations: Pb2+, Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+, and Anions: CO32-, S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3-, CI-, Br, I (Insoluble salts excluded).

Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4, Enthalpy of neutralisation of strong acid and strong base, Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols, and Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus With Topic-wise Weightage

The JEE Main question paper comprises a wide range of topics from the Chemistry section. Therefore, it is important to check the topic-wise weightage of the Chemistry section from the table below.

TopicsNumber of QuestionsMarks
Periodic table and Representative Elements312
Transition Elements and Coordination Chemistry312
Atomic Structure28
Thermodynamics and Gaseous State28
Chemical Bonding28
Solid-State and Surface Chemistry28
Chemical and Ionic Equilibrium28
Nuclear Chemistry and Environment28
Mole Concept14
General Organic Chemistry14
Redox Reaction14
Solution and Colligative Properties14
Chemical Kinetics14
Carboxylic Acid and their Derivatives14
Alkyl Halides14
Aromatic Compounds14
Carbohydrates, Amino acid and Polymers14

Why Is It Useful to Attempt Chemistry First?

Experts advise attempting the Chemistry section first in the B. E. /B. Tech paper of JEE Main. The reasons are mentioned below:

  1. The major portion of Chemistry comprises fact-based questions and takes lesser time to solve them. Candidates can utilise the extra time for Physics and Maths sections.
  2. Starting with Inorganic Chemistry is useful as the questions in this topic are direct and can be answered with the direct use of conceptual knowledge.
  3. Experts suggest the candidates to solve the JEE Main Chemistry section in 40 to 45 minutes.

Best Books for JEE Mains Chemistry 2022

Candidates can check the best JEE Mains Chemistry books from the table mentioned below:

Chemistry XI and XIINCERT
Chemistry XI, XIINCERT
Concept of Organic ChemistryM. S. Chauhan
General ChemistryEbbing
Inorganic ChemistryO.P. Tandon
Numerical ChemistryP.Bahadur(G.R.Bathla and Sons)
Organic ChemistryO. P. Tandon
Organic ChemistryPaula Bruice Yurkanis
Organic ChemistryArihant Prakashan
Organic Chemistry Volume 1I. L. Finar
Physical ChemistryO.P. Tandon
University ChemistryBruce H. Mahan

FAQs on JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus 2022

Here we have answered some of the frequently asked questions related to JEE Mains Chemistry Syllabus 2022:

Q.1: How many questions are there in the JEE Main Chemistry paper?
Candidates will be asked a total of 30 questions in Chemistry.

Q.2: How many questions will candidates be asked from each section?
Candidates will be asked 20 questions in the Chemistry section from section A and 10 questions from section B.

Q.3: Which branches of Chemistry will form parts of the syllabus for JEE Main 2022?
Candidates will be asked questions from Organic, Inorganic and Physical Chemistry in JEE Main examination 2022.

Q.4: Which book can I refer to, for Inorganic Chemistry?
Candidates can refer to Inorganic Chemistry by O.P. Tandon for their JEE Main exams to be conducted in 2022.

Q.5: From where can I solve Chemistry questions for free?
You can get free JEE Main Chemistry practice questions at Embibe.

Now that you know everything about the JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus, we hope that this article proves to be helpful for you. Complete the syllabus and give as many JEE Main mock test as possible. This will help you know your preparation status and identify your weak areas and work on them.

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If you have any questions on JEE Mains Chemistry syllabus or the exam, feel free to drop your queries in the comments section below. Embibe wishes you good luck for JEE Main 2022! Stay tuned to Embibe for latest news and updates on JEE Main exam 2022.

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