Download Free CBSE NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science - Embibe
  • Written By Varsha
  • Last Modified 04-08-2022
  • Written By Varsha
  • Last Modified 04-08-2022

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science

CBSE NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science: NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science are useful for students preparing for CBSE Class 10 Examination 2022-23. These solutions will help students grasp complicated concepts and score well. With the help of these CBSE Science NCERT solutions Class 10, students can understand the syllabus and strategise their study plans accordingly. Our experts design these NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science to help students easily understand and solve the questions.

NCERT will conduct the 10th board examination in two terms, and the entire syllabus is reduced and is divided into two parts. You can find all the necessary details related to NCERT Class 10 Science in this article. Read the article to find the NCERT Science Class 10 Solutions PDF and download them for free.

Practice All CBSE Class 10 Exercise Questions with Hints & Solutions Here!

Pro Tip: At Embibe, we believe that all students have the right to personalised guidance. Embibe offers personalised attention to all the CBSE Class 10 students to help them prepare for their exams and score good marks.
SubjectPractice Questions from CBSE Class 10 Books
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Social ScienceClick Here

Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science

NCERT Science Class 10 Solutions acts as the best study material for students while they advance through the syllabus. We have facilitated the Science Solutions in a chapter-wise format so that it becomes easy for students to navigate from one chapter to another.

Check out the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science of all the chapters from the table below.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 ScienceChapter Name
Chapter 1Chemical Reactions and Equations
Chapter 2 Acids, Bases, and Salts
Chapter 3 Metals and Non-Metals
Chapter 4Carbon and Its Compounds
Chapter 5Periodic Classification of Elements
Chapter 6Life Processes
Chapter 7Control and Coordination
Chapter 8How Do Organisms Reproduce?
Chapter 9Heredity and Evolution
Chapter 10Light Reflection and Refraction
Chapter 11Human Eye and Colorful World
Chapter 12Electricity
Chapter 13Magnetic Effects of Electricity
Chapter 14Sources of Energy
Chapter 15Our Environment
Chapter 16Sustainable Management of Natural Resources

Biology, Physics, and Chemistry are all covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science. To achieve good marks in the board exams, students must have a thorough understanding of the NCERT Solutions based on the syllabus. The NCERT Science Syllabus for Class 10 is intended to lay a solid basis for various exams such as JEE, NEET, and others.

NCERT Class 10 Science Books

Hence, it is necessary for students to grasp the concepts involved in NCERT Class 10 Physics, NCERT Class 10 Chemistry, and NCERT Class 10 Biology while learning to avoid difficulties later on. These NCERT Class 10 Solutions for each chapter will exactly match the NCERT Class 10 Science class notes, so keep reading for more problems and answers.

Test your CBSE Class 10 Concepts with Unlimited Practice Questions

Pro Tip: At Embibe, we believe that all students have the right to personalised guidance. Embibe offers personalised attention to all the CBSE Class 10 students to help them prepare for their exams and score good marks.
SubjectTest Your CBSE Class 10 Concepts
MathematicsClick Here
ScienceClick Here
Social ScienceClick Here

NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Book All Chapters Brief

The short chapter-wise description provided in the section below will help students understand the topics to be studied. A link to download the NCERT Solutions of Class 10 Science PDF is given below the description of each chapter. Students can download and refer to these solutions.

Note: In the NCERT Science textbook for Class 10, Chapters 1 to 5 constitute the Chemistry portion, Chapters 6 to 9 cover the Biology syllabus, and Chapters 10 to 16 cover the syllabus of Physics.

Chapter 1 Class 10 Science: Chemical Reactions and Equations

Chemical reactions and equations are covered in chapter 1 of Class 10 Science. Some of the problems require students to balance chemical equations. These are high-scoring questions, and students may make the best use of them to improve their grades.

The chapter discusses various approaches to formulating chemical equations. Displacement and Combination Reactions, Decomposition Reactions, Double-Displacement Reactions, and Redox Reactions. A few other topics such as rancidity and corrosion, reactivity of metals, and chemical changes are also covered in this chapter.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 1 PDF

Chapter 2 Science Class 10: Acids, Bases and Salts

In this chapter, students will learn about the chemical properties of various substances that make things taste sour or bitter, their acidic or basic nature, and how substances are used to test this. This chapter will also cover the importance of pH in everyday life, the pH range of acidic, basic and neutral solutions, and the wide applications of the pH scale. Finally, students will learn the chemical formulae, preparation, and chemical reactions of various important salts used in day-to-day life.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 2 PDF

Chapter 3 Science Class 10: Metals and Non-Metals

Students will learn the physical and chemical properties which distinguish metals from non-metals. Physical properties include physical state, lustre, hardness, ductility, conductance towards heat and electricity, and sonority. Whereas, Chemical properties include reactivity of metals with air, water, acids, and salts of other metals. Students will also learn about the reactivity of metals with non-metals and the properties of ionic compounds.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 3 PDF

Chapter 4 Science Class 10: Carbon and Its Compounds

This chapter discusses the characteristics of Carbon, its covalent nature and versatility – how it forms millions of saturated and unsaturated compounds structured in chains, branches, or rings. Students will learn how these compounds are named based on the attached functional group. Chemical properties of Ethanol, Ethanoic acid, and soaps and detergents’ are also discussed.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 4 PDF

Chapter 5 Science Class 10: Periodic Classification of Elements

Students will learn how scientists classified elements based on their properties and organised them into the modern periodic table in this chapter. Some of the topics included in the chapter are Döbereiner’s Triads, Newlands’ Law of Octaves and their limitations. Further, they will learn about trends in atomic size, valency, and physical and chemical properties of elements across the Modern Periodic Table.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 5 PDF

Chapter 6 Science Class 10: Life Processes

From visible growth in living organisms to molecular movements that cannot be seen with naked eyes, many processes help plants and animals stay alive. This chapter provides information regarding the important maintenance processes in living organisms, also called life processes, like nutrition, respiration, and transportation.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 6 PDF

Chapter 7 Science Class 10: Control and Coordination

Movement is a crucial life process in all living organisms for their survival. In this chapter, students will learn about the systems in living organisms providing control and coordination of movements based on environmental events. They will also learn about the nervous system and hormones in animals and movements due to growth and responses due to stimuli in plants.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 7 PDF

Chapter 8 Science Class 10: How Do Organisms Reproduce?

Various modes of reproduction, including asexual and sexual reproductions are discussed in this chapter. More advanced types of reproduction involve the process of fertilisation (in animals) and the formation of fruits and seeds, leading to seed dispersion (in plants). In this chapter, students will learn about the different processes of reproduction.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 8 PDF

Chapter 9 Science Class 10: Heredity and Evolution

Heredity is the passing of traits/characteristics genetically from parents to offspring. Heredity also brings variations in genes that are maximised by sexual reproduction. These variations, over a prolonged period, result in evolution. Students will learn about the mechanisms of heredity and evolution in this chapter.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 9 PDF

Chapter 10 Science Class 10: Light – Reflection and Refraction

In this chapter, students will learn about two basic concepts about light – reflection and refraction. Reflection of light helps in vision – we see an object when light reflects from its surface and is received by our eyes. Refraction is the process in which light changes its direction when it travels from one medium to another.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 10 PDF

Chapter 11 Science Class 10: The Human Eye and the Colorful World

This chapter deals with the functioning of the human eye. Defects in the human eye and their corrections are also explained. The concepts of reflection and refraction of light will help understand the optical phenomena in nature, like the formation of the rainbow, the blue colour of the sky, and the colour of the sun at sunrise and sunset.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 11 PDF

Chapter 12 Science Class 10: Electricity

This chapter deals with the basic concepts of electricity. Electrical energy plays a vital role in our day-to-day life. Students will know what constitutes electricity and how it flows in an electric circuit. They will study the various components of an electric circuit and draw circuit diagrams. Electric potential and potential difference, Ohm’s law, resistance, and combination are also explained. Students can download the Class 10 Science NCERT Solutions- Chapter 12 Electricity below.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 12 PDF

Chapter 13 Science Class 10: Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

In this chapter, students will study the magnetic effects of electric current. Electricity and Magnetism are related phenomena. A wire carrying an electric current behaves like a magnet. On the other hand, moving magnets also produce electricity. They will also get to learn about all these concepts, including their practical applications – electromagnets, electric motors (magnetic effect of electric current), and electric generators (electric effect of moving magnets).

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 13 PDF

Chapter 14 Science Class 10: Sources of Energy

This chapter deals with the importance of energy and its sources. Students will study the different types of energy sources, good sources, and the environmental consequences of exploiting any energy source. In addition, non-conventional sources of energy – Solar Energy, Geothermal Energy, and Nuclear Energy are also explained.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 14 PDF

Chapter 15 Science Class 10: Our Environment

In this chapter, students will study about the importance of preserving the environment. Important concepts about the ecosystem and its components are covered. How human activities such as disposal of waste to the environment can damage our ecosystem has been explained in in detail with the example of ozone layer depletion. In addition, the chapter also deals with effective means for waste management.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 15 PDF

Chapter 16 Science Class 10: Management of Natural Resources (Internal Assessment)

This chapter deals with the importance of natural resources, such as forests, wildlife, coal, petroleum, and water. The management and conservation of these resources have been explained in detail, along with their importance.

Download – NCERT Solutions Class 10 Science Chapter 16 PDF

Benefits of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science

Students preparing for the board examination will benefit a great deal from CBSE Class 10 Science Solutions. Science is one of the important subjects in Class 10 and it is significant for students who wish to pursue Science at a later stage to score well in Class 10 board exam.

The advantages of following the Class 10 solutions are listed below.

  1. Helps to Ace Competitive Exams: Most of the competitive exams’ syllabus, such as that of NTSE, Olympiad, JEE, etc. is almost the same as the CBSE Syllabus. So, having a good command over the CBSE syllabus by referring to the NCERT Solutions helps students crack the competitive exams more easily.
  2. Fundamental Concepts: Referring to the NCERT Solutions will help students understand all basic and fundamental concepts.
  3. Completing Assignments on Time: Students who have a good command of the solutions will be able to solve their assignments and homework on time without any difficulty.

How to Prepare for Class 10 Science?

Class 10 Science subject may seem difficult at first glance. However, Science is interesting and easy to understand. All that students need to do is pay attention to the basic concepts and learn them well. Given below are some preparation tips for Class 10 Science:

  1. Read the prescribed NCERT Science textbooks exhaustively. This is important as the CBSE 10th board exam Science question paper is based on this book.
  2. Revise all the topics regularly so that you do not face difficulty in recalling any topic before the exam.
  3. Make notes of key concepts on the computer or on paper. These will help you in learning the concepts faster and also act as quick reference material.
  4. A good way to prepare for exams is to practice the previous year’s question papers for CBSE Class 10 board exams. Questions are often repeated in board exams.
  5. At times, students feel the question paper is just too long to complete within the allotted time. To avoid this, you should practice solving sample/mock question papers. This will improve your writing speed and leave you with enough time to revise your answers during the final exam.

CBSE Class 10 Science Unit-wise Marks

We have provided the weightage of each unit in the CBSE Class 10 Science syllabus in this section. The unit-wise marks weightage list has been prepared according to the CBSE Class 10 Science exam paper.





Chemical Substances-Nature and Behaviour



World of Living



Natural Phenomena



Effects of Current



Natural Resources


Total Marks
Internal Assesment
Grand Total

100 Marks

CBSE Class 10 Science Exam Pattern 202223

The pattern of the CBSE Class 10 Science Question Paper 2022-23 will be different from that of the previous year. The latest format of the question paper will be as follows.

Typology of Questions:

  • VSA includes objective type questions, assertion and reasoning type questions, SA, LA, source-based/case-based/passage-based/integrated assessment questions.
  • There will be an internal choice of approximately 33%.

Internal Assessment (20 Marks)

  • Periodic Assessment – 05 marks + 05 marks
  • Subject Enrichment (Practical Work) – 05 marks
  • Portfolio – 05 marks

Thus, students should prepare themselves in accordance with the changes in the Science question paper.

Some Important Questions for Class 10 Science

In this section, we have provided some important questions for Class 10 Science to help you:

1. Explain the precipitation reaction by giving examples.
2. Define a balanced chemical equation? Explain why a chemical equation should be balanced?
3. Give a reason why sodium bicarbonate is an essential ingredient in antacids.
4. Explain why anhydrous calcium chloride is used in desiccators.
5. Define Thermit Reaction.
6. Give a reason for keeping sodium in kerosene oil.
7. Differentiate between electrolytic reduction and reduction with carbon.
8. Differentiate between ethanol and ethanoic acid on the basis of chemical properties.
9. State the limitations of Dobereiner’s classification of elements.
10. Explain the mode of nutrition in amoeba.
11. Why pituitary gland is called the master endocrine gland?
12. Define micropropagation. State its advantages.
13. Explain the statement – The magnification produced by a plane mirror is +1.
14. Resistance of a conductor depends on what factor?
15. State the functions of the ecosystem.
16. Explain the need to conserve forests and wildlife.

FAQs on Class 10 Science NCERT Solutions

Q.1: Which is the best book to study CBSE 10th Science subject?
The NCERT textbook for Class 10 Science is the best textbook to learn and study the CBSE Class 10 Science subjects.

Q.2: What reference books should I follow other than the NCERT book class 10 Science?
Once you have finished reading the 10th Science NCERT textbooks, you can refer to Class 10 Physics, Chemistry, and Biology textbooks by S Chand and Pradeep publications.

Q.3: How Embibe’s NCERT Solutions for 10th Science can help me score better in exams?
Embibe’s NCERT Solutions are prepared by the top academicians with decades of teaching experience. If you refer to these solutions, you will not need any other solutions or guidebooks. Moreover, you can access and download these solutions for free!

Q.4: Which NCERT Solutions are the best to prepare for the Class 10 Science exam?
We advise you to refer to NCERT Solutions by Embibe to boost your exam preparation and score well.

Q.5: From where can I get NCERT Solutions for Class 10th Science?
Students searching for Class 10 Science NCERT Solutions can download the same from this page. Each and every question comes with a detailed solution that is solved by academic experts of Embibe.

You can also check,

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 All SubjectsNCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths: Download PDF
NCERT Books for Class 10: All Subjects PDF

Take Free Mock Tests for CBSE Class 10 on Embibe