• Written By Sankavi_E
  • Last Modified 02-09-2021

MBBS Full Form


Find out the MBBS full form, its eligibility criteria, entrance exam schedule, latest updates, best colleges in the country, and every other essential detail in this article.

What is the Full Form of MBBS?

In English, the MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery whereas the MBBS full form in Hindi is चिकित्सा स्नातक और शल्य चिकित्सा स्नातक. MBBS is a specialised professional undergraduate degree course, the duration of which (including a year-long internship) is 5.5 years. This highly sought-after degree is a combination of two medical courses – Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. Securing admission in an MBBS college in India is through a common entrance exam known as the National Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET), held annually.

Overview: MBBS Full Form, Eligibility, Pattern, Salary, 

In the table below, please find an overview of all the essential information for MBBS:

MBBS Full FormBachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MBBS Full Form in Hindiचिकित्सा स्नातक और शल्य चिकित्सा स्नातक
MBBS Entrance ExamNational Eligibility and Entrance Test (NEET)
Course LevelUndergraduate 
Eligibility CriteriaCandidates should have passed class 12th from any recognised board with minimum 50% marks in Science with Biology subjects.
Average Salary Drawn After Course Completion3-5 lakh per annum 
Language/Medium of ExaminationEnglish, Hindi, Telugu, Tamil, Assamese, Oriya, Bengali, Kannada, Gujarati, and Marathi
NEET 2021 Exam DateSeptember 12, 2021 (Latest)

Here’s Everything You Need to Know About MBBS

MBBS is an in-demand undergraduate course that is completed in 5.5 years (4.5 years + 1 year of mandatory internship). The admissions for MBBS are done through NEET, a common entrance exam for colleges throughout the country. Every candidate who wishes to pursue this course should have the below-mentioned qualities to be able to do well at their course and job in medicine:

  • An ability to work well in a critical and dynamic environment
  • Be approachable and empathetic
  • Be able to communicate effectively and clearly
  • Have patience
  • Have perseverance
  • A desire to seek and gain knowledge

If your search for MBBS full form has brought you here, then read on to find out if you’re the right fit for this course.

Who is Eligible to Pursue MBBS?

MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, which essentially means each selected candidate will be trained in two medical courses together. Since the difficulty level is high, the criteria indicated by the Medical Council of India (MCI) is defined as follows:

  • Each candidate should have passed their class 12 or pre-university exam with the Science subjects – Chemistry, Physics, Zoology, and Botany.
  • Each candidate should have studied English as a key subject in their qualifying examination.
  • The candidate, at the time of enrollment, must be at least 17 years of age.
  • The upper age limit for candidates seeking admission in MBBS is 25 years, as on the date of the examination with a 5-year relaxation for candidates belonging to reserved categories and also those entitled for reservation under the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.
  • The candidate must have completed their class 12th examinations from any recognised board securing a minimum of 50% marks for general and 40% for reserved category candidates.

Candidates who satisfy the above-mentioned conditions satisfy the NEET eligibility criteria. They can check the NEET registration form and apply for the examination.

What are the Specialisations Available?

As the MBBS full form suggests, this course combines both medicine and surgery. Post the completion of this course, most candidates choose a specialisation to pursue higher education in. Before picking a specialisation, all candidates must decide on a postgraduate medical degree from the following: 

  • MD (Doctor of Medicine)
  • MS (Master of Surgery)
  • PG Diploma
  • DNB (Diplomate of National Board)

How Can You Pursue MBBS?

NEET is the common test that enables students to seek admissions to different medical programmes, one of which is MBBS. Conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA), it assesses each candidate’s knowledge before selecting a few for medical institutes across the country. An overview of NEET is given in the table below:

Exam NameNational Entrance cum Eligibility Test (NEET)
SubjectsPhysics, Chemistry, and Biology
Mode of ExamOffline
Duration3 hours
Type of questionsMultiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
Negative MarkingYes
Total Number of Attempts AllowedMaximum 9 Times
Official Websitentaneet.nic.in

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Top MBBS Colleges in India

The top colleges in the country where you can pursue MBBS are: 

MBBS Top College NameCityStateNIRF Ranking 2020
All India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiDelhi1
Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiUttar Pradesh6
Jawaharlal Institute of PostGraduate Medical Education & ResearchPuducherryPondicherry8
King George’s Medical UniversityLucknowUttar Pradesh10
Madras Medical College and Government General HospitalChennaiTamil Nadu12
Aligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhUttar Pradesh15
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung HospitalNew DelhiDelhi16
Maulana Azad Medical CollegeDelhiDelhi17
University College of Medical SciencesDelhiDelhi19

What to Do After Pursuing MBBS?

Once the MBBS course is successfully completed, as the MBBS full form suggests you’re a qualified medicine practitioner and a surgeon. The following are the ideal steps afterwards:

  • Get registered as doctors with the MCI.
  • Then either apply for a postgraduate course like MD, MS etc. and specialise in one of the fields mentioned in this article.
  • Or, continue working in the health care sector as qualified doctors.

FAQs on MBBS (Frequently Asked Questions)

Few FAQs about MBBS are answered below:

  1. What is the full form of MBBS?

In English, the MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery whereas the MBBS full form in Hindi is चिकित्सा स्नातक और शल्य चिकित्सा स्नातक.

  1. What is the full form of MBBS and MD?

In English, the MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery whereas the MBBS full form in Hindi is चिकित्सा स्नातक और शल्य चिकित्सा स्नातक. 

In English, the full form of MD is Doctor of Medicine and in Hindi it is आयुर्विज्ञान चिकित्सक.

  1. Why is it called MBBS?

The MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery and it is named so because the degree, spread over 5-6 years is a combination of two medical degrees, one in medicine and the other in surgery. 

  1. Is MBBS pursued after 12th?

Yes, MBBS is pursued after class 12th only. It is an undergraduate degree that can be pursued only after a student fulfils certain eligibility criteria. Read the article to find out the well-defined eligibility criteria for MBBS. 

All students considering pursuing MBBS after their Class 12 board exams can get complete information about everything related to MBBS full form, NEET, future prospects after MBBS in this article. Furthermore, please reach out to us using the comment box if you have any doubts or queries regarding this article.

Stay tuned on Embibe for the latest news and updates on MBBS 2021-22. We will keep updating this page regularly so that you stay up to date.

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