What can you do with an Aerospace Engineering degree: Aerospace Engineering is mainly concerned with the design, manufacturing, and maintenance of spacecraft, aircraft, missiles and weapons systems. A full-time course in this discipline teaches students how to make flights safer for passengers, reduce operating costs, and ensure fuel efficiency. Moreover, students also get to know about the environmental impacts of flights and how to make them more environment-friendly. Aerospace engineers are experts in-flight technology.
Aeronautical engineering is thought to be one of the toughest branches of engineering. However, aerospace engineers are offered more lucrative packages compared to engineers of other sectors. The demand for aerospace engineers has constantly been on the rise for the last few decades. As the demand is increasing, students are getting more and more interested in this field.
Is Aerospace Engineering A Good Career?
Aerospace engineering is also divided into four levels of the study. As mentioned above, aerospace engineering has two branches – aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering. Apart from aerospace engineering, some other terms which are commonly used are spacecraft engineering, aircraft engineering, etc.
Aerospace Engineering Course is divided into four levels:
|(1) Graduation Course: This course is designed for 10+2 passed students from PCM background. Courses like B.E or B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering train engineers to build or repair any kind of aircraft. This level of study begins with the introduction and small but required elements of aerospace engineering.|
|(2) Postgraduation Course: This level of aerospace engineering course focuses more on providing practical knowledge. This level of study has specifically divided portions like Chopper engineering, Aircraft engineering, Cargo engineering etc.|
|(3) Diploma Course: Diploma in aerospace engineering can vary from a duration of 3 months to 3 years. The purpose of this course is to provide specialized knowledge to engineers which were not included in their regular curriculum.|
|(4) PhD Course: PhD or doctorate courses are designed to provide expertise to the pursuer. This level is beneficial for teaching jobs or jobs at the senior level.|
Specializations For Aerospace Engineering Courses
Specializations in Aerospace Engineering:
|(1) Aerospace Materials – Metallurgy, Composites, Polymers, Fibres|
|(2) Telecommunication – Electronics, SDR, Antennas|
|(3) Astrodynamics – Physics, Maths|
|(4) Life Support System in Space – Chemistry, Biology, Engineering|
|(5) Radionavigation – GNSS, Electronics, Communication Principles|
|(6) Launchers – Mechanical, Statics, Dynamics, Chemistry, Control Theory|
|(7) Space propulsion – Physics, Maths, Mechanical, Electrical, Computer|
|(8) OBDH – System Design, Compression, Telecom|
|(9) Spacecraft System Design – System Engineering|
Note: Above mentioned data is taken from the official website of Herbert Wertheim College of Engineering, which can be varied as per the different syllabus of different universities and institutes.
Aerospace Engineering Eligibility Criteria
Given below are the general eligibility criteria to pursue an aerospace engineering program at the UG and PG level:
|Diploma in Aerospace Engineering: For taking admission in the diploma course, you must pass the class 10th exam with a minimum of 50% marks with science and maths as compulsory subjects.|
|Undergraduate Degree Programs (BE / BTech): If you want to take admission in the undergraduate program, you must complete your 12th in science (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics) with a minimum of 60% from a recognized board.|
|Master’s Program (MTech / ME): For taking admission into the master’s program, you must complete your graduation in the aerospace engineering branch with a CPI of 6.5 or 60% marks. Moreover, you must get the minimum qualifying marks in the GATE examination.|
|Students who have completed a technical diploma, five-year Architecture (B.Arch.), Postgraduates in Mathematics/Science/Statistics/Computer Applications are also eligible to pursue aerospace engineering.|
What Does An Aerospace Engineer Do?
Aeronautical engineering is mainly concerned with designing spacecraft, aircraft, missiles and weapons systems. A typical day of an aerospace engineer goes in:
|(1) Developing and designing new and innovative technologies for aircraft and spacecraft.|
|(2) Formulating new ways to make flights more economical and efficient.|
|(3) Testing and assembling different parts of an aeroplane.|
|(4) Evaluating the cost and feasibility of a new project.|
|(5) Examining faulty or malfunctioning parts of an aircraft and solving the issue.|
|(6) Designing new parts for aircraft in coordination with the design team.|
|(7) Analysing the ill-effects of aviation on the environment and coming up with new ways to make flights more environment-friendly.|
|(8) Finalising the design of parts by considering all the quality standards.|
|(9) Ensuring that the manufacturing and designing process is in complete adherence to engineering principles, safety norms, and customer requirements.|
|(10) Making new and improved standards for aircraft to minimise risks.|
Aerospace engineers are specialized in one functional area from many of the areas including software engineering, structural engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical and electronic engineering, for automation and guidance purposes, aerodynamics, or propulsion systems.
Subjects & Topics On Aeronautical Engineering
A list of subjects/topics of aeronautical engineering taught at UG level is given below:
- Elements of Aeronautics.
- Aero-Fluid Mechanics.
- Mechanics of Solids.
- Aircraft Component Drawing.
- Machines and Mechanisms.
- Aircraft Systems and Instruments.
- Air-breathing Propulsion.
- Aerodynamics Laboratory.
- Introduction to Space Tech.
- Aircraft Structure Designing and Building.
- Flight Dynamics.
- Heat Transfer.
- Total Quality Management and Reliability engineering.
- Rocket Propulsion.
- Vibrations and Elements of Aeroelasticity.
- Helicopter Aerodynamics.
- Rockets and Missiles.
- Combustion Engineering.
- Theory of Plates and Shells.
- Computer-aided design and analysis.
- Automatic Control System.
- Spacecraft technology.
- Aircraft Materials.
- Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics.
A list of subjects/topics of aerospace engineering taught at PG level is as under:
- Engineering Aerodynamics and Flight Mechanics.
- Elements of Gas Dynamics and Propulsion.
- Aerodynamic Design.
- Advanced aerodynamics.
- Helicopter Aerodynamics.
- Numerical Methods in Gas Dynamics.
- Grid Generation.
- Hypersonic Air-Breathing Propulsion.
- Thermal Stress Analysis.
- Mechanics of Damage Tolerance.
- Aero Elasticity.
- Elastic Stability.
- Non-Linear Behavior of Plates and Shells.
Note: Topics mentioned above are taken from the syllabus followed by SRM University (UG topics) and from various online sources like Quora, Targetstudy, etc. Any difference in the details can occur as per the syllabus different universities and institutes follow.
Aeronautical Engineering Entrance Exams
A list of the top engineering entrance exams in India is provided underneath:
|JEE Main||National Testing Agency (NTA)|
|BITSAT||Birla Institute of Technology and Science|
|KIITEE||Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT)|
Top Colleges For Aerospace Engineering
Some of the best colleges for aeronautical engineering in India are listed below:
|(1) Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay|
|(2) Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur|
|(3) Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur|
|(4) Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai|
|(5) Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology-Thiruvananthapuram|
|(6) Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore|
|(7) Madras Institute of Technology, Chennai|
|(8) Birla Insitute Of Technology, Ranchi|
|(9) Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, Pune|
|(10) Feroze Gandhi Insitute Of Engineering And Technology, Rai Bareli|
Admission Fees For Aerospace Engineering
A general fee structure for UG courses in aeronautical engineering (in India) is tabulated below:
Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)
|Colleges||Fee (in INR)|
5.56 L (average)
16.26 L (maximum)
3.48 L (average)
16.26 L (maximum)
Bachelor of Engineering (BE)
|Colleges||Fee (in INR)|
|Government/Public||1.34 L (minimum)|
3.04 L (average)
6.85 L (maximum)
|Private||1.14 L (minimum)|
3.25 L (average)
20.0 L (maximum)
A general fee structure for PG courses (M.Tech) in aerospace engineering (in India) is tabulated below:
Master of Technology (M.Tech)
|Colleges||Fee (in INR)|
1.25 L (average)
2.39 L (maximum)
|Private||1.06 L (minimum)|
1.55 L (average)
2.46 L (maximum)
What Can You Do With An Aerospace Engineering Degree?
In India, aeronautical engineering has a good scope due to the increased numbers of industries in the aviation sector. With the development of technology in India, sectors focusing on Space researches, rocket building, cargo shipping, travelling aircraft, chopper services, drone services etc. are some of the trending recruiters of aerospace engineers.
- An aerospace engineer can be a part of any rocket-building team from organizations like NASA, ISRO, or SpaceX.
- Aerospace engineers can join the defence sector as aircraft technicians, aircraft pilots, etc.
- Aerospace engineers are mainly hired for chopper based projects by many MNCs.
Top Recruiters For Aerospace Engineers In India
Companies like TAS, Airbus, and ISRO are some of the main recruiters which hire aerospace engineers. With a large number of aircraft industries, India has now a very high scope of good placements for aeronautical engineers. An average graduated aeronautical engineer can earn somewhere around INR 45,000/- in India while it could be higher for postgraduate aeronautical engineers.
|Recruiters||Average Package (in INR)|
Note: Details given above are taken from various websites like Quora and Payscale. Embibe doesn’t guarantee any packages mentioned above in any condition.
Some of the other major companies are as follows:
|1||National Aerospace Laboratories|
Frequently Asked Questions On Aerospace Engineering
Given below are some of the frequently asked questions on aerospace engineering:
A1. Sectors like defence, cargo shipment, private airlines, space research are some of the major sectors which hire an aerospace engineer.
A2. Aerospace engineering has a good market in India. Aerospace engineering recruiters look for expertise and experience in a candidate. If you have relevant experience, you will be offered a good salary package.
A3. Yes, Colleges like Manipal University Chennai, Andhra University, and Defense Institute of Advanced Technology fall under the top-ranking institutes for an aerospace engineering aspirant.
A4: Aerospace Engineers require a Bachelor’s degree in aerospace engineering to enter into the field. Few university programs offer a 5-year program which allows the students to earn a bachelor’s and master’s degree at the same time.
A5: Aeronautical engineers are highly paid professionals in the engineering job market. However, in recent years, the demand for aerospace engineers increased drastically. This resulted in some positive and negative impact on the salary of aerospace engineers.
With the rapid growth of the aviation sector in India, job opportunities are also growing. Aeronautical engineering requires more experience and practical knowledge for better growth. It is a field that requires hard work and dedication to be a successful engineer. Choose aeronautical engineering only if you can stay dedicated and focused.
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