Chemical Engineering: Chemical engineering focuses on various work processes where chemicals are used like manufacturing, fabricating, etc. Engineers in this field generally contribute their knowledge to industries like beauty, medicines, food, beverages, etc. They formulate perfect and safe combinations to avoid any possible harm to human beings due to the imbalance of chemicals. A chemical engineer can find employment in various sectors, including rocket science, nuclear science, and industrial working.
Professionals in this sector are offered various job roles. Some of the duties of a chemical engineer are as follows:
- Coordinate research studies to devise new and better manufacturing processes.
- Train and guide workers and technicians on safety procedures and handling of chemicals.
- Provide support and troubleshoot technical and manufacturing issues.
- Oversee and assist with chemical operations and machines.
What Is Chemical Engineering?
Chemical engineering is all about converting raw ingredients into products for various purposes. It is one of the few fields that finds a balance between experimental sciences and life science. This field of engineering focuses on product and process development. This means that a chemical engineer works on improving processes or developing new processes to create products.
Chemical engineering also deals with the management of resources, environmental protection, and safety. As a result, professionals in this sector learn about the designing, manufacturing, operations aspects and risk management, environmental hazards, and safety of workers and other working personnel.
Chemical Engineering Course Details
Chemical engineering is mainly divided into various parts as per the level of study you apply for. For degree courses, you can apply for BE or B.Tech at the graduation level. At the postgraduation level, colleges in India offer M.E. or M.Tech courses. To be eligible for any of these courses, it is mandatory to have a previous background from the same field.
The course is divided into four levels:
- A) Graduation: Courses like B.E. or Btech are designed at graduation level for 10+2 passed students from PCM background.
- B) Postgraduation: Postgraduation courses like ME or M.Tech are based mostly on practical knowledge. Here engineers learn about the practical uses of theories they covered during their graduation.
- C) Diploma: The duration of diploma courses varies from 3 months to 3 years. These diplomas are mainly designed for students who belong to a similar background. Diploma programs aim at providing special information or knowledge to the students which were not included in their full time or regular curriculum.
- D) Doctorate: PhD students of chemical engineering are usually those who apply concepts into real life and research on the results they get. A doctorate or PhD course focuses on large concepts like life sciences, biological system engineering, energy, and environment etc.
Common Specializations of Chemical Engineering in India
- Catalysis and Petrochemistry.
- Colloid and Polymer Chemistry.
- Environmental Engineering and Reactor Technology.
- Process Systems Engineering.
- Biorefinery and Fiber Technology.
Note: The above specializations are taken from the official website of NTNU. For different universities or institutes, the specializations can also be different.
Chemical Engineering Eligibility Criteria
This branch of engineering requires both technical and scientific knowledge. For admissions in graduation courses, a background in Physics, Chemistry, and Maths in Class 12 is mandatory.
- To take admission on graduation level into a top engineering college in India, having at least 50% marks with a good JEE score is always beneficial.
- In case a candidate is looking for admission on a postgraduate level in a top engineering college, it will be mandatory for the person to qualify GATE exam with a top score.
- Courses like the Diploma and PhD require having the same background as diplomas are mainly for gaining some special knowledge related to the field you apply for.
Given below are the general eligibility criteria to pursue a chemical engineering program at the UG and PG levels:
|Undergraduate||Passed Class 12 exam from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects. Minimum 60% marks.|
|Postgraduate||B.Tech degree in the same specialization with minimum CPI of 6.5 or 60% of marks or First Class in the qualifying degree.|
Minimum qualifying marks in GATE ME.
Subjects & Topics In Chemical Engineering
A list of subjects/topics of chemical engineering taught at the UG level is given below:
- Engineering Graphics.
- Mechanical Workshop.
- English Communication.
- Linear Algebra.
- ICT tools and Cyber Security.
- Physical and Analytical Chemistry.
- Heat Transfer Operations.
- Solid-Fluid Operations.
- Fluid Flow Operations.
- Organic Chemistry.
- Chemical Process Industries.
- Process Calculations.
- Mass Transfer Operations.
- Chemical Engineer Thermodynamics.
- Creativity and Innovation.
- Hydrocarbons Technology.
- Process Equipment Design.
- Computational Chemical Engineering Laboratory.
- Bioprocess Engineering.
- Catalytic Reaction Engineering.
- Process Optimization.
- Unit Processes.
- Wastewater Engineering.
- Chemical Engineering Economics and Plant Design.
- Non-Conventional Energy Sources.
A list of subjects/topics of chemical engineering taught at the PG level is as under:
- Transport Phenomena
- Advanced Mass Transfer.
- Multiphase Flow.
- Solvent Extraction Engineering.
- Food Process Engineering and Technology.
- Modern Separation Technology.
- Biomedical Engineering.
- Pharmaceutical Technology.
- Total Quality Management.
- Fluidization Management.
- Operations Research.
- Computational Methods and Computer Graphics.
- Modern Separation Process.
- Catalysis and Surface Phenomena.
- Solvent Extraction Engineering.
- Food Process Engineering and Technology.
- Environmental Engineering.
- Fluidization Engineering.
- Project Engineering of Process Plants.
Note: Topics mentioned above are taken from the syllabus followed by Nirma University (UG topics) and various online sources like Quora, Targetstudy, etc. Any difference in the details can occur as per the syllabus different universities and institutes follow.
Chemical Engineering Entrance Exams
A list of the top engineering entrance exams in India is provided underneath:
|JEE Main||National Testing Agency (NTA)|
|BITSAT||Birla Institute of Technology and Science|
|KIITEE||Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT)|
|COMEDK UGET||The Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka|
|MHT CET||Maharashtra State Common Entrance Test Cell|
Top Colleges For Chemical Engineering
Listed below are some of the best colleges for chemical engineering in India:
- Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
- Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi
- IIT, Madras
- IIT, Kharagpur
- National Institute of Technology, Trichy
- National Institute of Technology, Warangal
- Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani
- Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
- Indian Institute of Technology (ISM), Dhanbad
Fee Structure For Chemical Engineering
A general fee structure for UG courses in chemical engineering (in India) is tabulated below:
|Colleges||Fee (in INR)|
1.06 L (average)
4.08 L (maximum)
3.90 L (average)
14.7 L (maximum)
A general fee structure for PG courses in chemical engineering (in India) is tabulated below:
|Colleges||Fee (in INR)|
1.51 L (maximum)
2.64 L (average)
8.04 L (maximum)
Scope & Career Opportunities In Chemical Engineering
In India, the scope of jobs in this sector is increasing due to high industrial development. Suitable jobs are available in various sectors like medical, industrial, automobile, and defence. As a result, a good chemical engineer can earn above the average package offered for other branches of engineering.
- Common job roles for chemical engineers are Teaching, Scientists, Researchers, and Food Inspectors, etc. Chemical engineers are responsible for researches on various diseases and their cure.
- Companies like Tata Chemicals, Trident, Reliance, Cairn India, and Chevron are some of the top recruiters in India.
Top Recruiters For Chemical Engineering Students in India
As mentioned above, sectors like food, healthcare, and beauty are among the most common recruiters of chemical engineering students in India. Some top-paying companies are Reliance Industries ltd., Essar Oil Limited, Arofine Polymers Ltd., etc.
Listed below are some of the top companies (along with the average package) that hire chemical engineers in India:
|Company||Average Package (in INR)|
|Hindustan Unilever Limited||8,00,000|
Note: Salary details mentioned above are taken from various sources like Quora, Payscale, etc. Embibe doesn’t promise you about any package on behalf of any organization in any case.
Some of the other major companies are as follows:
- ONGC Petro Addition Limited
- UOP Honeywell
- UPL Limited
- Galaxy Surfactants
- SRF Limited
- Exxon Mobil
- Gilead Sciences
- Gujrat Fluorochemicals
- Gharda Chemicals
- Godrej Industries Limited
FAQs On Chemical Engineering
Some of the frequently asked questions on chemical engineering are as follows:
A1. Yes, You can apply for the competitive exams for IAS or IFS posts. There is no specific field of graduation to apply for UPSC exams. Anyone can apply.
A2. Yes, you can attempt competitive exams like ISRB, which will shortlist you for the job interview.
A3. You can enter into various sectors like Food, Beauty, Petroleum, etc. For example, top recruiters in the food sector are Nestle, Cadbury, etc. In the beauty sector, companies like Lakme, Johnson & Johnson commonly hire chemical experts. Companies like IOCL, ONGC hire chemical engineers for the petroleum sector.
A4. The average course fee for B.Tech in chemical engineering in India is in the range of Rs. 50,000 to 5 lacs. It also depends upon the college you choose.
Several companies in India recruit chemical engineers. Sectors like food and medicines are common amongst them. To be successful in this field, it is mandatory to be aware of scientific and technological concepts on an expert level as the competition in this sector is tough. To qualify for exams like JEE or GATE to get admission to a top college in India, you can prepare for engineering entrance exams like JEE on Embibe for free.
At Embibe, you can find unlimited questions of various difficulty levels as well as detailed solutions. Take JEE Main Mock Tests for free and test the level of your preparation. There are also innumerable free JEE Main Practice Questions available on Embibe.
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